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V r; 

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V i" 

7 « 

THE ; 








LONDON: ■-'-.*: 

hinted by j. d. cornish; 


h CfJ- 
'-/*-„/» 3,- 

\ Y D E N'S 
I R G I L. 


r ^r** n & „ ^ 

^ * F D E N, 


I 3 3 

To Mr. DlYDEHp 

. ON HtS 

XTTHene'er great Virgil's lofty verfc I fee, 

▼ ▼ The pompous fcene charms my admiring tjt * 
There different beauties in perfe&ion meet ; 
The thoughts as proper, as the numbers fweet : 
And when wild Fancy mounts a daring height, 
Judgment fteps in, and moderates her flight. 
Wifely he manages his wealthy ftore, 
Still fays enough, and yet implies ftill more : 
For though the weighty fenfe be clofely wrought, 
The reader's left t* improve the pleafing thought. 

Hence we defpair to fee an Englifh drefs 
Should e'er his nervous energy exprefs ; 
For who could that in fetter'd rhyme inclofe, 
Which without lofs can fcarce be told in profe ! 
But you, great Sir, his manly genius raife 5 
And make your copy (hare an equal praife. 
Oh how I fee thee in foft fcenes of love, 
Renew thofe paflions he alone could move ! 
Here Cupid's charms are with new -art expreft. 
And pale Eliza leaves her peaceful reft : 

B * Leaves 



Leaves her Elyfium, as if glad to live, 
To love, and wifh, to figh, defpair, and grieve, 
And die again for him that would again deceive. 
Nor does the mighty Trojan lefs appear 
Than Mars himfelf amidft the llorms of war. 
Now his fierce eyes with double fury glow, 
And a new dread attends th* impending blow r 
The Daunian chiefs their eager rage abate, 
And, though unwounded, feem to feel their fate. 
• Long the rude fury of an ignorant age, 
With barbarous fpite, prophan'd his facred page. 
The heavy Dutchmen, with laborious toil, 
Wrefted his fenfe, and cramp'd his vigorous ftyle j 
No time, no pains, the drudging pedants fpare ; 
But ftill his moulders muft the burden bear. 
While through the mazes of their comments led, 
We learn not what he writes, but what they read. 
Yet, through thefe fhades of undiftinguifh'd night 
Appear* d fome glimmering intervals of light ; 
Till mangled by a vile tranflating fe£t, 
Like babes by witches in effigy rackt ; 
Till Ogleby, mature in dulnefs, rofe, 
And Holborn doggrel, and low chiming profe, 
His ftrength and beauty did at once depofe. 
But now the magic fpell is at an end, 
Since ev'n the dead in you hath found a friend ; 
You free the Bard from rude oppreffors* power, 
And grace his verfe with charms unknown before t 
He, doubly thus objig'd, muft doubting Hand, 
Which chiefly would his gratitude command ; 


Mr. D R Y D E N. s 

y/hether Should claim the tribute of his heart, 
The Patron's bounty, or the Poet's art. 

Alike with wonder and delight we view'd 
The Roman genius in thy verfe renew'd : 
We faw thee raife fbft Ovid's amorous fire, 
And fit the tuneful Horace to thy lyre : 
We few new gall imbitter Juvenal's pen, 
And crabbed Perfeus made politely plain : 
Virgil alone was thought too great a talk ; 
What you could fcarce perform, or we durft a(k : 
A talk ! which Waller's Mufe could ne'er engage ; 
A taik ! too hard for Denham's ftronger rage : 
Sure of fuccefs they fome flight fallies try'd, 
But the fenc'd coaft their bold attempts defy'd. 
With fear their o'er-match'd forces back they drew, 
Quitted the province Fate referv'd for you. 
In vain thus Philip did the Perfians ftorm ; 
A work his fon was deftin'd to perform. 

" O had Rofcommon liv'd to hail the day, 
" And fing loud Paeans through the crowded way j 
" When you in Roman majefty appear, 
" Which none know better, and none come fo near ;'* 
The happy author would with wonder fee, 
His rules were only prophecies of thee : 
And were he now to give tranflators light, 
He 'd bid them only read thy work, and write. 

For this great taik our loud applaufe is due ; 
We own old favours, but muft prefs for new : 
Th' expecting world demands one labour more ; 
And thy lov'd Homer does thy aid implore, 

B 3 .*• 

i VERSES fd 

To right his injur* d works, and fet them free 
From the lewd rhymes of groveling Ogleby. 
Then mail his verfe in grateful pomp appear, 
Nor will his birth renew the ancient jar ; 
On thofe Greek cities we mail look with fcorn* 
And in our Britain think the Poet born. 

To Mr. D R Y D E N, 



WE read, how dreams and vifions heretofore 
The Prophet and the Poet could infpire ; 
And make them in unufual rapture foar, 
With rage divine, and with poetic fire. 


v O could I find it now j— Would Virgil's fhade 
But for a while vouchfafe to bear the light ; 

To grace my numbers, and that Mufe to aid, 
Who lings the Poet that has done him right. 


It long has been this facred Author's fate, 
To lie at every dull Tranflator's will ; 

Long, long his Mufe has groan'd beneath the weight 
C5if mangling Ogleby's prefumptuous quill. 

Mr. D R Y D EN. 


Dryden, at laft, in his defence, arofe ; 
The father now is righted by the fon : 

And while his Mufe endeavours to difclofe 
That Poet's beauties, fhe declares her own. 

In your fmooth, pompous numbers dreft, each lin*, 
Each thought, betrays fuch a majeftic touch j 

He could not, had he finifh'd his defign, 
Have wifh'd it better, or have done fa much. 


You, like his Hero, though yourfelf were free 5 
And difentangled from the war of wit ; 

You, who fecure might other dangers fee, 
And fafe from all malicious cenfures fit. 


Yet becaufe facred Virgil's noble Mufe, 
O'erlay'd by fools, was ready to expire : 

To rife your fame again, you boldly chufe, 
Or to redeem, or perifh with your fire. 


Ev'n firft and laft, we owe him half to you, 
For that his JEneids mifs'd their threatned fate, 

Was — that his friends by fome prediction knew, 
Hereafter, who correcting Ihould tranilate. 

B4 IX. 



But hold, my Mufe, thy needlefs flight reftrain, 
Unlefs, like him, thou couldft a verfe indite : 

To think his fancy to defcribe is vain, 
Since nothing can difcover light, but light. 

'Tis want of genius that does more deny : 
'Tis fear my praife ihould make your glory lefs. 

And therefore, like the modeft Painter, I 
• Mufl draw the veil, where I cannot exprefs. 

Henry Grahme. 


NO undifputed Monarch govern'd yet 
With univerfal fway the realms of wit ; 
Nature could never fuch expence afford ; 
Each feveral province own'd a feveral lord. 
A Poet then had his poetic wife, 
One Mufe embrac'd, and married for his life. 
By the ftale thing his appetite was cloy'd, 
His fancy leffen'd, and his fire deftroy'd. 
But nature grown extravagantly kind, 
With all her treafures did adorn your mind. 
The different powers were then united found, 
And you Wit's univerfcj monarch crown'd. 


Mr. D R Y D B N. 9 

Your mighty (way your great dcfert fecures, 
And every Mufe and every Grace is yours, 
To none confin'd, by turns you all enjoy. 
Sated with this, you to another fly. 
So Sultan-like in your feraglio ftand, 
While wifhing Mufes wait for your command. 
Thus no decay, no want of vigour find, 
Sublime your fancy, boundlefs is your mind. 
Not all the blaits of time can do you wrong ; 
Young, fpite of age ; in fpite of weaknefs, ftrong. 
Time, like Alcides, (bikes you to the ground : 
You,, like Antaeus, from each fall rebound. 

H. St. John. 

Td Mr. D R Y D E N, 


'JTpIS faid that Phidias gave fuch living grace 
JL To the carv'd image of a beauteous face, 
That the cold marble might even feem to be 
The life ; and the true life, the imagery. 

You pafs'd that artift, Sir, and all his powers, 
Making the bed of Roman Poets ours ; 
With fuch effect, we know not which to call 
The imitation, which th' original. 


ffo V B fc S E S, etc. 

What Virgil lent> you pay in equal weight,* 
The charming beauty of the coin no Ufs 5 
And fuch the majefly of your imprefc, 

You feem the very author you tranilate* 

'Tis certain, were he now alive with us, 
And did revolving deftiny conftrain, 
To dreis his thoughts in Englifh o'er again, 

Himfelf could write no otherwife than thus. 

His old encomium never did appear 

So true as now ; Romans and Greeks, fubmit. 
, Something of late is in our language writ, 
More nobly great than the fam'd Iliads were. 

Ja, Wright. 


V I R G I L'S 



£ is 3 



My Lord, 

HAVE found it not more difficult to tranflate Vir- 
gil, than to find fuch Patrons as I defire for my 
flation. For though England is not wanting in' 
urned nobility, yet fuch are my unhappy circum- 
ces, that they have confined me to a narrow choice, 
the greater part, I have not the honour to be 
wn j aad to fome of them I cannot fhew at prefent, 
my public aft, that grateful refpelt which I fhall 
bear them in my heart. Yet I have no reafon to 
plain of fortune, fince in the midft of that abun- 
% I could not poffibly have chofen better, than the 
thy fon of fo illuftrious a father. He was the pa- 
. of my manhood, when I flourifhed in the opinion 
he world ; though with fmall advantage to my 
une, till he awakened the remembrance of my 
il maftcr. He was that Pollio, or that Varus, who 



introduced me to Auguftus : and though he ibon dif- 
miffed himfelf from ftate-affiurs, yet in the fhort time 
of his adininiffration he ihone fo powerfully upon me, 
that, like the heat of a Ruffian fummer, he ripened 
the fruits of poetry in a cold climate ; and gave mc 
wherewithal to fublifirat leaft, in the long winter which 
fucceeded. What I now offer to your lordfhip is the 
wretched remainder of a fickly age, worn out with ftu- 
dy, and opprened by fortune : without other fupport 
than the conftancy and patience of a Chriftian. You, 
my lord, are yet in the flower of your youth, and may 
live to enjoy the benefits of the peace which is pro- 
miied Europe. I can only hear of that bleffing : for 
years, and, above all things, want of health, have fliut 
me out from fharing in the happinefs. The poets, 
who condemn their Tantalus to hell, had added to his 
torments, if they had placed him in Elyfium, which 
is the proper emblem of my condition. The fruit and 
the water may reach my lips, but cannot enter : and if 
they could, yet I want a palate as well as a digeftion. 
But it is fome kind of pleasure to me, to uleafe thofe 
whom I refpeft. And I am not altogether out of hope, 
that thefe Paftorals of Virgil may give your lordfhip 
fome delight, though made Englifh by one, who 
fcarce remembers that paflion which infpired my au- 
thor when he wrote them. Thefe were his firft effay 
in poetry, (if the Ceiras was not his:) and it was 
more cxcufable in him to defcribe love when he was 
young, then for me to tranflate him when I am old. 
He died at the age of fifty-two, and I begin this work 



in my great climacteric. But having perhaps a better 
constitution than my author, I have wronged him lefs, 
confidering my circumstances, than thofe who have at> 
tempted him before, either in our own, or any modern 
language. And though this vernon is not void of er- 
rors, yet it comforts me that the faults of others are 
not worth finding. Mine are neither grofs nor fret 
quent, in thofe Eclogues, wherein my mailer has raifed 
himfelf above that humble ftyle in which Paftoral de- 
lights, and which I muft confefs is proper to the edu- 
cation and converfe of Shepherds : for he found the 
fkrength of his genius betimes, and was even in his 
youth preluding to his Georgics, and his JEntis. He 
could not forbear to try his wings, though his pinions 
were not hardened to maintain a long laborious flight. 
Yet fometimes they bore him to a pitch as lofty, as 
ever he was able to reach afterwards. But when he 
was admoniihed by his fubjeft to defcend, he came 
down gently circling in the air, and finging to the 
ground. Like a lark, melodious in her mounting, 
and continuing her fong till me alights : ftili preparing 
for a higher flight at her next fally, and tuning her 
*oice to better mufic. The fourth, the fixth, and the 
eighth Pailorals, are clear evidences of this truth. In 
the three firft he contains himfelf within his bounds ; 
but addrefling to Pollio, his great Patron, and himfelf 
no vulgar Poet, he no longer could reftrain the freedom 
of his fpirit, but began to affert his native character, 
which is fublimity. Putting himfelf under the con- 
duct of the fame Cumjcn Sibyl, whom afterwards he 
* gay* 

fl not infert into any of his former Eclogues, 
was unwilling they mould be loft. In 
reft he is equal to his Sicilian matter, and 
like him a juft decorum, both of the fub- 
the perfons. As particularly in the third 
where one of his flicphcrds defcribes a bowl, 
i curioufly carved. 

ledio duo figna : Conon, ct quis fuit alter 
ripiit radio totum qui gentibus orbem." 
ibers only the name of Conon, and forgets 
on fet purpofe (whether he means Anixi- 
r Eudoxus I difpute not) ; but he was cer- 
gotten, to /hew his country fwain was nc 

11, I muft confefs that the boorifli dialed of 
s has a fecret charm in it, which the Roman 
rannot imitate, though Virgil ;has drawn it 
>w as poflibly he could : as in the Cujum 
d fome other words, for which he was fo 
•lamed by the bad critics of his age, who 
fee the beauties of that Merum Rus, which 
defcribed in thofe expreflions. ButTheo- 





gave fiw a guide to his ,/Encas. It i:- true he was fen- 
Jlblc of his own boldncft ; and we know it by the 
Paulo Majora, which begins his fourth Eclogue, He 
remembered, like young Manlius, that he was forbid- 
den to engage ; but what avails an exprefs command 
to a youthful courage which prefages victory in the at- 
tempt ? Encouraged with fuccefs, he proceeds farther 
in the fixth, and invades the province of Philofophy 
And nntwithftanding that Phoebus had forewarned 
him of Tinging wars, as he there eonfcfles* yet he pre- 
furned that the fearch of nature was as free to him : 
to Lucrcrrf &, who at his age explained it according \ 
the principles of p^picurus. In his eighth Eclogue, he 
has innovated nothing; the former part of it being 
the complaint and defpair of a forfaken lover: the lat- 
ter a charm of an eachantrefs, to renew a loft affec- 
tion. But the complaint perhaps contains fome topics 
which are above the condition of his perfbns; and our 
author feems to have made his herdfmen fomewhat too 
learned for their profeffion s the charms arc alio of the 
fame nature j but both were copied from Theocritus, 
and had received the applaufe of former ages in their 
original. There is a kind of rufticity in all thofe pom- 
pous verfes ; fomewhat of a holiday fhepherd itnitting 
jii I it j country butkins. The like may be obferved, 
both in the Pollio, and the Sllenus j where the itmill- 
tudes are drawn from the woods and meadows. They 
fcem to me to reprefent our poet betwixt a farmer 
and a c our tier , when he left Mantua for Rome, and 
dreflcd himfeJf in his bed habit to appear before his 



Patron : foraewhat too fine for the place from whence 
he came, and yet retaining part of its fimplicity. 
In the ninth Paftoral he collects fome beautiful 
paflages, which were fcattered in Theocritus, which 
he could not infert into any of his former Eclogues, 
and yet was unwilling they mould be loft. In 
all the reft he is equal to his Sicilian mafter, and 
obferves like him a juft decorum, both of the fub- 
je& and the perfons. As particularly in the third 
Paftoral, where one of his mepherds defcribes a bowl, 
or mazer, curioufly carved. 

*' In medio duo figna : Conon, et quis fuit alter 

'* Defcripfit radio totum qui gentibus orbem." 
He remembers only the name of Conon, and forgets 
the other on fet purpofe (whether he means Anixi- 
mander or Eudoxus I difpute not) ; but he was cer- 
tainly forgotten, to mew his country fwain was no 
great fcholar. 

After all, I muft confefs that the boorifti dialect of 
Theocritus has a fecret charm in it, which the Roman 
language cannot imitate, though Virgil [has drawn it 
down as low as poflibly he could : as in the Cujum 
Pecus, and fome other words, for which he was fo 
unjuftly blamed by the bad critics of his age, who 
could not fee the beauties of that Merum Rus, which 
the poet defcribed in thofe exprefHons. But Theo- 
critus may juftly be preferred as the original, without 
injury to Virgil, who modeftly contents himfelf with 
the fecond place, and glories only in being the firft 
who tranfplanted Paftoral into his own country ; and 

Vol. V. C brought 



brought it there to bear as happily as the cherry-trees 

which Lucullus brought from Pontus, 

Our own nation has produced a third Poet in this 
kind, not inferior to the two Former. For the 
herd's Calendar of S pen fin h not to be matched 
any modem language. Not even by TanVs A 
which infinirely rranfeends Guanni's Paftor Fido, 
having more of nature in it, and being a I moil wholly 
clear from the wretched afteclation of learning. I u ill 
fay nothing of the Pifcatory Eclogues, becaufe no mo- 
dem Latin can bear criticifrn. It is no wonder that 
rolling down through fo many barbarous ages, from 
the fpring of Virgil, it bears along with it the filth and 
ordure of the Goths and Vandals* Neither will 
mention Monficur Fontcnclle, the living glory of 
French. It h enough for him to have excelled h 
roafter Lucian, without attempting to compare our 
ferable age with that of Virgil, or Theocritus* 
me only add, for his reputation t 

w Si Pergama dextra 

" Defcndi poiTent, etiam hie defenfa fuiuent." 
But Spenfer being matter of our northern dial« 
and fkilled in Chancer^ Englilh, has fo exactly imi- 
tated the Doric of Theocritus, that his love h a per- 
feci image of that painon which God infufed into both 
fexes, before it was corrupted with the knowledge of 
arts , and the ceremonies of \\ hat we call good man- 

My lord, I know to whom I dedicate ? and could 
not have been induced by any motive to put this p*rt 



of Virgil, or any other into unlearned hands. You 
have read him with pleafure, and I dare fay, with ad* 
miration, in the Latin, of which you are a mailer. 
You have added to your natural endowments, which, 
without flattery, are eminent, the fuperftru&ures of 
fhidy, and tne knowledge of good authors. Courage, 
probity, and humanity are inherent in you. Thefe 
Yirtues have ever been habitual to the ancient houfe of 
Cumberland, from whence you are defcended, and of 
which our chronicles make fo honourable mention in 
the long wars betwixt the rival families of York and 
Lancailer. Your forefathers have aiferted the party 
which they chofe till death, and died for its defence in 
the fields of battle. You have befides the frefli re- 
membrance of your noble father j from whom you 
never can degenerate. 

«* ——Nee imbellem feroces 

" Progenerant Aquilse Columbam." 

It being almoft morally impoflible for you to be 
Other than you are by kind ; I need neither praife 
nor incite your virtue. You are acquainted with the 
Roman hiftory, and know without my information 
that patronage and clientftiip always defcended from 
the fathers to the fons, and that the fame plebeian 
houfes had recourfe to the fame patrician line, which 
had formerly protected them j and followed their 
principles and fortunes to the laft. So that I am 
your lordfhip's by defcent, and part of your inheri- 
tance. And the natural inclination which I have 
to ferve you, adds to your paternal right, for I was 
C z wholly 


Round the wide world in banifhment we roam, 
Forc'd from our pleating fields and native home : 
While ftretch'd at ea(e you fing your happy loves ; 
And Amarillis fills the fliady groves. 

T|T. Thpfe tyeflings, friend, a Deity beftowM 
For never can I deem him lefs than God. 
The tender firftlings of my woolly breed 
Shall on his holy altar often bleed. 
He gave my kine to graze the flowery plain ; 
And to my pipe renew'd the rural {train. 

Mel. I envy not your fortune, but admire, 
That while the raging fword and wafteful fire 
Deftroy tlie wretched neighbourhood around, 
No hoftile arms approach your happy ground. 
Far different is my fate : my feeble 'goats 
"With pains I drive from their forfaken cotes : 
And this you fee I fcarcely drag along, 
Who yeaning on the rocks has left her young ; 
(The hope and promife of my failing fold.) 
My lofs by dire portents the gods foretold : 
For had I not been blind, I might have feen 
Yon riven oak, the faireft of the green, 
And the hoarfe raven, on the blafted bough, 
By croaking from the left prefag'd the coming blow. 
But tell me, Tityrus, what heavenly power 
Preferv'd your fortunes in that fatal hour ? 

Tit. Foo! that I was, I thought imperial Rome 
Like Mantua, where on market-days we come. 
And thither drive our tender lambs from home, 



Rome "} 



M8TQHAI I- 13 

$p kids stud whelps their fires and dams exprefs 5 - 
And fo the great I meafur'd by the lefs. 
But country tt»yns, compar'd with her, appear. 
Like fhrubs when lofty cypreffes are near. 35 

Mel . What great occafion calTd you hence tpRome ! 

Tit. Freedom, which came at length, thqu^h flow 
to come : 
Nor did my fearch of liberty begin, 
Till my black hairs were chang'd upon my chin. 
Nor Amarillis would vouchfafe a look, ^o 

Till Galatea's meaner bonds I broke. 
Till then a helplefs, hopelefs, homely (wain, 
I fought nqt freedom, nor afpir'd to gain : 
Though many a victim from my folds was bought, 
And many a cheefe to country markets brought j . 45 
Yet all the little that I got, I fpent, 
And dill returned as empty as I went. 

Mel. We flood amaz'd to fee your miftrefs mourn; 
Unknowing that flic pin'd for your return : 
We wonder'd why fhe kept her fruit fo long, 50 

For whom fo late th* ungather'd apples hung $ 
But now the wonder ceafes, fince I fee 
She kept them only, Tityrus, for thee. 
For thee the bubbling fprings appear'd to mourn, 
And whifpering pines made vows for thy return. 55 

Tit. What mould I do, while here I was en- 
No glimpfe of god-like liberty remain'd j 
Nor could I hope in any place but there, 
To find a god fo prefent to my prayer. 

C 4. , There 

Farm remains J 
ains : 65 V 

iring plains. J 


There firft the youth of heav'nly birth I view'd, 60 
For whom our monthly vi&ims are renewed. 
He heard my vows, and gracioufly decreed 
My grounds to be reftorM, my former flocks to feed. 
Mel. O fortunate old man! whofefarm remains ' 
For yon fufficient, and requites your pains 
Though ruflres overfpread the neighbouring j 
Though here the marfliy grounds approach your fields^ 
And there the foil a ftony harveft yields, 
Your teeming ewes mall no ftrange meadows try, 
Nor fear a rott from tainted company. 70 

Behold yon bordering fence of fallow trees 
Is fraught with flowers, the flowers are fraught with 
bees } 

The bufy bees with a foft murmuring flrain 

Invite to gentle fleep the labouring fwain. 

While from the neighbouring rock, with rural fongS75 

The pruner's voice the pleafing dream prolongs ; 

Stock-doves and turtles tell their amorous pain, 

And, from the lofty elms, of love complain. 
Tit. Th* inhabitants of feas and fkies fhall change, 

And fifli on more, and flags in air fhali range, So 

The banifiVd Parthian dwell on Arar's brink, 

And the blue German (hall the Tigris drink : 

Ere I, forfaking gratitude and truth, 

Forget the figure of that godlike youth. 
Mel. But we mufl beg our bread in clime s unknown, 

Beneath the fcorching or the freezing zone. 

And fome to far Oaxis fhall be fold ; 

Or try the Libyan heat, or Scythian cold. 



The reft among the Britons be"connVd ; 
A race of men from all the world disjoined. aq, 

O muft the wretched exiles ever mourn, 
Nor after length of rolling years return I 
Are we condemn'd by fate's unjuft decree, 
No more our houfes and our homes to fee r 
Or mail we mount again the rural throne, 95- 

And rule the country kingdoms, once our own r 
Did we for thefe barbarians plant and few, *f 

On thefe, on thefe, our happy fields beftow > C 

Good heaven, what dire effects from civil difcord flow 1 > 
Now let me graft 9 my pears, and prune the- vine j ioo> 
The fruit is theirs, the labour only mine. 
Farewel my paftures, my paternal dock ;. 
My fruitful fields, and my more fruitful flock ! . 
No more, my goats, (hall I behold you climb 
The fteepy cliffs, or crop the flowery thyme ! 105; 

No more extended in the grot below, 
Shall fee you hrowJing on the mountain's brow 
The prickly Jhrubs j and after on the bare, 
Lean down the deep abyfs, and hang in air.. 
No more my fticep (hall dp the morning dew ; 
No more my fbng (hall pleafe the rural crew : 
Adieu, my tuneful pipe ! and all the world adieu !. 
Tit. This night, at leaft, with me forget your care 3 
Chemuts and curds and cream (hall be your fare : 
The carpet-ground (hall be with leaves o'erfpread ; n 5 
And boughs (hall weave a covering for your head- 
For fee yon funny hill the (hade extends : 
And curling fmoke from cottages afcends. 





Q *> 



The commentators can by no means agree on the per- 
fon of Alexis, but are all of opinion that fbme Beau- 
tiful youth is meant by him, to whom Virgil here 
makes love in Corydon's language and fimplicity. 
His way of courtfhip is wholly paftoral : he com- 
plains of the boy's coynefs ; recommends himfelf 
for his beauty and fkill in piping ; invites the youth 
into the country, where he promifes him the diver- 
fions of the place, with a fuitable prefent of nuts 
and apples : but when he finds nothing will prevail, 
he refolves to quit his troublefome amour, and be- 
take himfelf again to his former bufinefs. 

■y^UNG Corydon, th' unhappy fhepherd fwain, 

The fair Alexis lov'd, but lovM in vain : 
And underneath the bcechen made, alone, 
Thus to the woods and mountains made his moan. 

4 Is 

PASTORAL ft « 7 

Is this, unkind Alexis, my reward, 5 

And muft I die unpitied, and unheard ? 
Now the green lizard in the grove is laid, 
The ftiecp enjoy the coolnefs of the fliade j 
And Theftytiswild thyme and garlick beats 
For harveft hinds, o'erfpent with toil and heats. 1 10 
While in the (torching fun I trace in yain 
Thy flying footftcps o'er the burning plain, 
The creaking locufts with my voice confpire, 
They fry with heat, and I with fierce dflfira. 
How much more eafy was it to fuftajn 15 

Proud Amarillis and her haughty reign, 
The fcorns of young Menalcas, once my cajfc, 
Though he was black, and thou art heavenly fair. 
Truft not too much to that enchanting faoe j 
Beauty's a charm, but foon the charm will pafs : to 
White lilies lie negle&ed on the plain, 
While duflcy hyacinths for ufe remain. 
My paflion is thy fcorn : nor wilt thou know 
What wealth I have, what gifts I can beftow : 
What flora my dairies and my folds contain ; 45 

A thoufand lambs that wander on the plain : 
New milk that all the winter never fails, 
And all the fummer overflows the pails : 
Amphion fung not (weeper to his herd, 
When fummon'd ftones the Theban turrets rear'd. %o 
Kor am I fo deform' d ; for late I ft-ood 
Upon the margin of the briny flood : 
The winds were ftill, and if the glafs be true, 
With Daphnis I may vie, though ju4g!d by you. 

O leave 


leave the noi fy town, O come and fee 
Our country cotts, and live content with me ! 
To wound the flying deer, and from their cotes 
With me to drive a* field the brow zing gnats : 
To pipe and fing, and in our country ftram 
To copy, or perhaps contend with Pan. 
Pan taught to join with wax, unequal reeds, 
Pan loves the fliephcrds, and their flocks he feeds i 
Nor fcorn the pfpe ; Arayntas, to be taught, 
With all his krfics would my flcill have bought* 
Of feven fmooth joints a mellow pipe I have. 
Which with his dying breath Dam^tas gave i 
And faid* This, Cory don, I leave to thee * 
For only thou dtferv'ft it after me. 
Hk eyes Amyntas durft not upward lift. 
For much he graded the praifc, but more the gift. 50 
B elides two kids that in the valley ftray'd, 

1 Found by chance, and to my fold convey'd. 
They drain two bagging udders every day j 
And thefe fliall be companions of thy play. 
Both fleck'd with white, the true Arcadian ftrain, 55 
Which Theftylis had often begg'd in vain : 
And (he mail have them, if again flie fues, 
Since you the giver and the gift rcfufe. 
Come to my longing arms, my lovely care, 
And take the prefects which the nymphs prepare, 60 
White lilies in. full canifters they bring, 
With a!l the glories of the purple fpring. 
The daughters of the flood have fearchM the mead. 
For violets pale, and cropped the poppies head j 



The fliort narciflus, and fair daffodil, £5 

Panties to pleafe the fight, and caffia fweet to fmell j 

And fet foft hyacinths with iron-blue, 

To (hade marih marigolds of mining hue. 

Some bound in order, others loofely ftrow'd, 

To drefs thy bower, and trim thy new abode. 70 

Myfelf will fearch our planted grounds at home, 

For downy peaches and the gloffy plumb : 

And thraih the chefnuts in the neighbouring grove. 

Such as my Amarillis usM to love. 

The laurel and the myrtle fweets agree ; 75 

And both in nofegays fhall be bound for thee* 

Ah, Corydon, ah poor unhappy fwain, 

Alexis will thy homely gifts dtidain : 

Nor, fhould'ft thou offer all thy little ftore, 

"Will ric^ Iolus yield, but offer more. So 

What have I done to name that wealthy fwain, 

So powerful are his prefents, mine fo mean! 

The boar amidft my cryftal ftreams I bring ; 

And fouthern winds to blaft my flowery fpring. 

Ah cruel creature, whom doft thou defpife ? S5 

The gods to live in woods have left the Ikies. 

And godlike Paris in th* Idean grove, 

To Priam's wealth preferred Oenone's love. 

In cities which fhe built, let Pallas reign ; 

Towers are for gods, but forefts for the fwain. 90 

The greedy lionefs the wolf purfues, 

The wolf the kid, the wanton kid the browfe : 

Alexis, thou art chas'd by Corydon ; 

All follow fcveral games, and each his own. 

4 Sec 



Of grafs and fodder thou defraud'ft the dams ; 
And of their mother's dugs, the ftarving lambs. 

Dam. Good words, young Catamite, at leaft to 
men : 10 

We know who did your bufinefs, how, and when. 
And in what chapel too you plaid your prize j 
And what the goats obferv'd with leering eyes : 
The nymphs were kind, and laugh'd, and there 
your fafety lies. 

Men . Yes, when I cropt the hedges of the Leis ; 1 5 
Cut Micon's tender vines, and ftole the flays. 

Dam. Or rather, when beneath yon ancient oak, 
The bow of Daphnis, and the (hafts you broke : 
When the fair boy receiv'd the gift of right ; 
And, but for mifchief, you had tly'd for fpite. 20 

Men. What nonfenfe would the fool thy mafter 
When thou, his knave, canft talk at fuch a rate ! 
Did I not fee you, rafcal, did I notr 
When you lay fnug to fnap young Damon's goat ? 
His mungrel bark'd, I ran to his relief, 25 

And cry'd, There, there he goes j flop, flop the thief I 
Difcover'd, and defeated of your prey, 
You fkulk'd behind the fence, and fneak'd away. 

Dam. An honefl man may freely take his own; 
The goat was mine, by finging fairly won. 30 

A folemn match was made j he loft the prize. 
Afk Damon, afk if he the debt denies ; 
I think he dares not ; if he does, he lyes. 


3 W 

w ° T .° « - « m. 



**» ^ too „ ei , 7 f ,' >/ 1 h ad 00e 

Ttr r -»SSia Sr» *£ +5 

A ft epdange ^ m *e c 0n)n!10n fi 

W ^n t!c , m 7 h I eD ha ^ a ^d (K t0cU 

^ «'«A*'twi re Tr' d lt 6e ' ««! order, ^ 
** W rou ^ £ ** of all ^ Jain6 ' 

Inftru&ed in his trade die labouring Twain, 
And when to reap, and when to fow the grain ? 

Dam. And I have two, to match your pair, at 
home; 65 

The wood the fame, from the fame hand they come : 
The kimbo handles feem with bears-foot carv'd 3 
And never yet to table have been ferv'd : 
Where Orpheus on his lyre laments his love, 
With beafts encompafs'd, and a dancing grove : 70 
But thefe, nor all the proffers you can make, 
Are worth the heifer which I fet to ftake. 

Men. No more delays, vain boafter, but begin : 
I prophefy before-hand I fliall win. 
Palaemon fhall be judge how ill you rhime : 75 

I '11 teach you how to brag another time. 

Dam. Rhymer, come on, and do the worft you can: 
I fear not you, nor yet a better man. 
With filence, neighbour, and attention wait : 
For 'tis a bufinefs of a high debate. 80 

Pal. Sing then ; the fhade affords a proper place ; 
The trees are cloath'd with leaves, the fields with grafs; 
The bloflbms blow ; the birds on bufhes ling ; 
And nature has accomplifh'd all the fpring. 
The challenge to Damaetas (hall belong, S5 

Maenalcas ihall fuftain his under-fong : 
Each in his turn your tuneful numbers bring ; 
By turns the tuneful Mufes love to fmg. 

Dam. From the great Father of the gods above"' 
My Mufe begins ; for all is full of Jove $ 9c* 



To Jove the care of heaven and earth belongs j 
Mr flocks be bleffes, and he loves my fbngs. 

Men. Me Phoebus loves ; For he my Muieinfpires; 
And in her fbngs, the warmth he gave, requires. 
For him the god of mcpherds and their flieep, ^ 5 

My blofliing hyacinths and my bays I keep. 

Dam. My Phyllis roe with pelted apples plies, 
Then tripping to the w*^* rkn wanton hies : 
Acid wi flics to be fccn, ™ be flies. 

Men. But fait Am comes unafk'd to me, 

Aftd offers love ; and i poa my knee : 
Not Delia to my dogs i wn Co well as he* 

Dam. To the dear i^ncft of my love-fick mind, 
Her Twain a pretty prefem lias defign'd : 
I few two flock-doves billing, and ere long 105 

Will take the neft, and hers fliall be the young. 

Men. Tea ruddy wildings in the wood I found, 
A ad ftood on tip -toes, reaching from the ground ; 
I ttrit Amyum all my prefent ftore ; 
And wij| # to-morrow, fend as many more, no 

Dam. The lovely maid lay panting in my arms ; 
Aad all the laid and did was full of charms* 
Winds, on your wings to heaven bet accents bear 1 
words as heaven alone is fit to hear. 
Men. Ah ' what avails it me, my 'iove's delight, 1 1 $ 
To all you mine, when abfent from my fight t 
J bold the nets, while you purine the prey ; 
Aid muft not mare the dangers of the day. 

D % Dam. 




Dam. I keep my birth-day : fend my Phyllis home ; 
At ihearing-time, Iolas, you may come. 120 

. Meat. With Phyllis I am more in grace than you : ' 
Her forrow did my parting fteps purfue : 
Adieu, my dear, fhe laid, a long adieu ! 

Dam. The nightly wolf is baneful to the fold, 
Storms to the wheat, to buds the bitter cold ; 125 

Aut from my frowning fair, more ills I find 
Than from the wolves, and ftorms, and winter- wind. 

Men. The kids with pleafure browfe the bufhy plain, 
The fhowers are grateful to the fwelling grain : 
To teeming ewes the fallow's tender tree ; 130 

But more than all the world my love to me. 

Dam. Pollio my rural verfe vouchfafes to read: 
A heifer, Mufes, for your patron breed. 

Men. My Pollio writes himfelf ; a bull be bred 
With fpurning heels, and with a butting head. 135 

Dam. Who Pollio loves, and who his Mufe ad- 
Let Pollio's fortune crown his full defires. 
Let myrrh inftead of thorn his fences fill ; ^ 
And fhowers of honey from his oaks diftil. 

Men. Who hates not living Bavius, let him be 14a 
(Dead Maevius) damn'd to love thy works and thee:. 
The fame ill tafte of fenfe would ferve to join 
Dog-foxes in the yoke, and fliear the fwine. 

Dam. Ye boys who pluck the flowers, and fpoil tta 
Beware the fecret fnake that moots a fting. .145 

Men. Graze not too near the banks, my jolly fheep» 
The ground is falfe, the running ftreams are deep : 



See, they have caught the father of the flock, 
Who dries his fleece upon the neighbouring rock* 
Dam. From rivers drive the kids, and fling your 
Anon I'll wafh them in the (hallow brook. 150 

Men. To fold, my flock; when milk is dry'd with 
In vain the milk-maid tugs an empty teat. 

Dam. How lank my bulls from plenteous pafture 
come f 
But love, that drains the herd, deftroys the groom. 155 
Men. My flocks are free from love ; yet look fo 
Their bones are barely cover'd with their {kin. 
What magic has bewitch'd the wooly dams, 
And what ill eyes beheld the tender lambs ? 

Dam. Say, where the round of heaven which all * 
To three (hort ells on earth our fight reftrains : 
Tell that, and rife a Phoebus for thy pains. 

Men. Nay, tell me firft, in what new region 
A flower that bears infcrib'd the names of kings : 
And thou flialt gain a prefent as divine 165 

As Phoebus' felf ; for Phyllis fhall be thine. 

Pal. So nice a difference in your finging lies, 
That both have won, or both deferv'd, the prize. 

D3 Reft 

lich all "J 
160 / 


Reft equal happy both ; and all who prove 
The bitter fweets and pleafing pains of love. 
Now dam the ditches, and the floods reftrain : 
Their moiflure has already drench'd the plain. 


t 39 1 



P O L L I O. 


The Poet celebrates the birth-day of Salonius, the fori 
of Pollio, born in the confulfliip of his father, after 
the taking of Solonae, a city in Dalmatia. Many 
of the verfes are tranflated from one of the Sibyls, 
who prophefied of our Saviour's birth. 

OICILIAN Mufe, begin a loftier drain ! 

Though lowly flirubs and trees that (hade the plain, 
Delight not all ; Sicilian Mufe, prepare 
To make the vocal woods deferve a conful's care. 
The lift great age, foretold by facred rhymes, 5 

R.r.ew, its finifh'd courfe ; Saturnian times 
R' '.\ round again, and mighty years, begun. 
From their firft orb, in radiant circles run. 
The bafe degenerate iron offspring ends ; 
A golden progeny from heaven defcends : 1 o 

D 4 O chaite 

agns ! 

ted r 
15 J 


O chafte Lucina, fpeed the mother's pains ; 

And hafte the glorious birth ; thy own Apollo reigns ! 

The lovely boy, with his aufptcious face ! 

Shall Pollio's confulfhip and triumph grace ; 

Maieftic months fet out with him to their appointed 

race. 1 5 . 

The father banifli'd virtue fhall reftore, 
And crimes fliall threat the guilty world no more. 
The fon fhall lead the life of gods, and be 
By gods and heroes feen, and gods and heroes fee. 
The jarring nations he in peace fhall bind, 2 

And with paternal virtues rule mankind. 
Unbidden earth fhall wreathing ivy bring 
And fragrant herbs (the promifes of fpring), 
As her firft offerings to her infant king. 
The goats, with ftrutting dugs, fhall homeward 

fpeed, 25 

And lowing herds fecure from lions feed. 
His cradle lhall with rifing flowersbe crown'd ; 
The ferpent's brood lhall die : the facred ground 
Shall weeds and poifonous plants refufe to bear, 
Each common bufh fhall Syrian rofes wear. 30 

But when heroic verfe his youth fhall raife, 
And form it to hereditary praife, 
Unlabour'd harvefts fhall the fields adorn, 
And clufter'd grapes fhall blufh on every thorn. 
The knotted oaks fhall mowers of honey weep, 3 5 
And through the matted grafs the liquid gold fhall 


^ Yet, 



Yet, of old fraud fome footfteps fhall remain, 

The merchant ftill fhall plough the deep for gain :• 

Great cities fhall with walls be compafs'd round ; 

And fharpen'd fhares fhall vex the fruitful ground, 40 

Another Typhis fhall new feas explore,- 

Another Argos land the chiefs upon th* Iberian fhore. 

Another Helen other wars create, 

And great Achilles urge the Trojan fate. 

But when to ripen'd manhood he fhall grow, 4$ 

The greedy failor fhall the feas forego ; 

No keel fhall cut the waves for foreign ware j 

For every foil fhall every product bear. 

The labouring hind his oxen fhall disjoin, 

No plough fhall hurt the glebe, no pruning-hook 

the vine, 
Nor wool fhall in diflembled colours fhine ; 
But the luxurious father of the fold, 
With native purple, or unborrow'd gold, 
Beneath his pompous fleece fhall proudly fweat j 
And under Tyrian robes the lamb fhall bleat. 55 

The Fates, when they this happy web have fpun, 
Shall blefs the facred clue, and bid it fmoothly run. 
Mature in years, to ready honours move, 
O of celeflial feed ! O fofter fon of Jove ! 
Sec, labouring Nature calls thee to fuftain 60 

The nodding frame of heaven, and earth, and main ; 
See, to their bafe reftor'd, earth, feas,' and air, 
And joyful ages from behind, in crowding ranks ap- 





To fmg thy prarfe, would heaven my breath pro- 
long, 65 

Infilling fpirits worthy fuch a fong ; 

Not Thracian Orpheus fhould tranfcend my lays. 

Nor Linus, crown'd with never-fading bays ; 

Though each his heavenly parent fhould infpire ; 

The Mufe inftruft the voice, and Phoebus tune the 
lyre. 70 

Should Pan contend in verfe, and thou my theme, 

Arcadian judges fhould their God condemn. 

Begin, aufpicious boy, to caft about 

Thy infant eyes, and, with a fmile, thy mother fingle 

Thy mother well deferves that fhort delight, 75 

The naufeous qualms of ten long months and travel to 

Then fmile ; the frowning infant's doom is read, 

No god fhall crown the board, nor goddefs blefs the 


I 43 1 
T £ E 


O R, 

D A P H N I S. 


Mopfus and Menalcas, two very expert fhepherds at a 
fong, begin one by content to the memory of 
Daphnis j who is fuppofed, by the beft critics, td 
reprefent Julius Caefar. Mopfus laments his death, 
Menalcas proclaims his divinity : the whole Eclogue) 
confining of an elegy and an apotheofis, 


OINCE on the downs our flocks together feed^ 

And fince my voice can match your tuneful reed. 
Why fit we not beneath the grateful made, 
Which hazles, intermix'd with elms, have made? 
Mops. Whether you pleafe that fylvan fcene to 
take, 5 

Where whittling winds uncertain fliadows make t 


i •, • ' \ ■- V * \J ' I> f" T " 

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i^j'- W....' :i. ii<f Mia: prefuminz 5ieai£r= 

*'...! • 

,..» ■ i»l. I'liwHir. mar z-jni'Jii'r 
. J.tH if '-"iicr Aicon . xii^. 
... , ,.f.,..- ^: .-rrjr iav- ■ 
■ #■ '.-i*;- ■ 'in 'irrmmsmi- r= 

-I • '!■>< * Ii::;!; tend. 
I ■. 'in ■:■■■ fad "ene rcrsKc 

■/.-:*■. : ■;i , .'.: ,v wnT : 

i ' ■ i / s . ■ ■ iv Mrint" tht fv-aiii 

,«»;ir. ..i ( f! ■•:? him t!"" tht: fbzSL. 22 
m i. Mir flji-.-, !'.■ r:it ralJ oj-* foje-v, 
Oi ■'!*" J*:'-*" i-i!i''W *'» 'in. »ji ■:&::*,_' -rjie ; 
S ii!i i, In. y»io: v if | «^ti 1 . 4 r:--e ariirhi# 
f .',i.,j,;u M »•/ rjunr, m ! -a «:»:? :!•;?:. and i- heirfc- 

Nlh¥\.. No ii*o;i-, i<*ij* nr and hear the pruah'd 

fl.« •/U**iuj '/ftAUf rr.aiccu a doubtful car. 

XI it n/u^lis rfl>«/ut \\m; breath !ef. bod j "wait 

f/t Jjrfj,liin.., dii'l lament hi-, cruei fare. 

'i he rrtcs mii J U'/odi v. ere v, imcf> to tiieir tsars : 

A* U-uytU fin tumour reach : d hi, mother's ears. 30 

'f i < 7/if.f/hf d |/.ii-':rif 9 v.ith a j,i'. .; hsite, 

f.*nv MJi»iiii/^ 9 .Hid hi, Jirtlti) iimb> embrae'd. 



She figh'd, flie fobb'd, and, furious with defpair, 

She rent her garments, and flie tore her hair : 

Accufmg all the gods, and every ftar. 

The fwains forgot their fheep, nor near the brink 

Of running waters brought their herds to drink. 

The thirfty .cattle, of themfelves, abftain'd 

From water,, and their grafly fare difdain'd. 

The death of Daphnis woods and hills deplore, 40 ' 

They caft the found to Libya's defert fliore j 

The Libyan lyons hear, and hearing roar. 

Fierce tigers Daphnis taught the yoke to bear 5 

And firft with curling ivy drefs'd the fpear j. 

Daphnis did rites to Bacchus firft ordain ; 4$ 

And holy revels for his reeling train. 

As vines the trees, as grapes the vines adorn, 

As bulls the herds, and fields the yellow corn : 

So bright a fplendor, fo divine a grace, 

The glorious Daphnis caft on his illuftrious race. 50 

When envious Fate the godlike Daphnis took, 

Our guardian Gods the fields and plains forfook : 

Pales no longer fwell'd the teeming grain, 

Nor Phoebus fed his oxen on the plain ; 

No fruitful crop the fickly fields return ; 5-5 

But oats and darnel choke the rifing corn. 

And where the vales with violets once were crown'd, 

Now knotty burrs and thorns difgrace the ground. 

Come, fhepherds, come, and ftrow with leaves the plain; 

Such funeral rites your Daphnis did ordain. 6*0 

•With cyprefs boughs the cryftal fountains hide, 

And foftly let the running waters glide , 

A lafting 


A lafting monument to Daphnis raife, 

With this inscription to record his praife : 

Daphnis, the field's delight, the fliepherd's love, 6 

Renown 'd on earth* and deify" d above, 

Whole flock excelled the faireft on the plains, 

But lets than he himfelf furpafs r d the fwains. 

Men* O heavenly poet I fuch thy rede appears, 
So fwect, fo charming to my ravifhM ears, J 

As to the weary Twain, with cares oppreft, 
Beneath the fylvan ihade, refreshing reft ; 
As to 1 lie feverifh traveller, when fir ft 
He Jinds a cryilal ftream to quench his thirfi:. 
in tinging, as in piping-, you excel ; 7 

And fcaree your inafter could perform fo well. 
O fortunate young man ! at bait your lays 
Are next to hia, and claim the feeond praife* 
Such as rhey ane, my rural fongs I join, 
To raife our Daphms to the powers divine i So 

For Daphnis was fo good, to love whale' cr was mine. . 

Mops, How i| my foul with fuch a promifc rais'd 
For both die boy was worthy to be prais'd, 
And Stimichon has often made me long 
To hear like him, fo foftj fa fwect a fong. 85 

Mex. Daphnis, the gueft of heaven, with won 
tiering eyes 
Views in the milky way the ftarry ikies. 
And far beneath him, from the Alining fphere t 
Beholds the moving clouds* and rolling year. 





For this, with chearful cries die woods refound; 90 
The purple fpring arrays the various ground ; 
The nymphs and fhepherds dance; and Pan himfelf 

is crown'd. 
The wolf no longer prowls for nightly fpoils, 
Nor birds the fpringes fear, nor flags the toils : 
For Daphnis reigns above; and deals from thence 95 
His mother's milder beams and peaceful influence. 
The mountain-tops unftiorn, the rocks rejoice j 
The lowly flirubs partake of human roice. 
Aflenting nature, with a gracious nod. 
Proclaims him, and falutes the new-admitted God. 109 
Be fHll propitious, ever good to thine 5 
Behold four hallowM altars we defign; 
And two to thee, and two to Phoebus rife ; 
On both are offer' d annual facrifice. 
The holy priefts, at each returning year, 105 

Two bowls of milk and two of oil (hall bear; 
And I myfelf the guefts with friendly bowls will 

Two goblets will I crown with fparkling wine, 
The generous vintage of the Chian vine $ 
Thefe will I pour to thee, and make the ne&ar 

thine. sxo 

In winter (hall the genial feaft be made 
Before the fire ; by fummer in the (hade. 
Damaetas (hall perform the rites divine : 
And Lilian JEgon in the fong mall join* 
Alphefibeus, tripping, (hall advance; 115 

And mimic fatyrs in his antic dance. 

% Wheu 



When to the nymphs our annual rites we pay, 

And when our fields with vi&ims we furvey : 

While favage boars delight in fliady woods, 

And finny fifh inhabit in the floods 5 120 

While bees on thyme, and locufts feed on dew, 

Thy grateful fwains thefe honours fhall renew. 

Such honours as we pay to powers divine, 

To Bacchus and to Ceres, fhall be thine. 

Such annual honours (hall be giv'n, and thou 125 

Shalt hear, and malt condemn thy fuppliants to their 

. Mops. What prefent worth thy verfe can Mopfus 

Not the foft whifpers of the fouthern wind, 
That play through trembling trees, delight me more 5 
Nor murmuring billows on the founding fliore ; 1 30 
Nor winding ftreams that through the valley glide ; 
And the fcarce-cover'd pebbles gently chide. 

Men. Receive you firft this tuneful pipe; the fame 
That play'd my Corydon's unhappy flame. 
The fame that fung Neaera's conquering eyes ; 135 
And, had the judge been juft, had won the prize* 

Mops. Accept from me this mcephook, in exchange, 
The handle brafs ; the knobs in equal range ; 
Antigenes, with kiffes, often try'd 
To beg this prefent, in his beauty's pride ; 140 
When youth and love are hard to be deny'd. 
But what I could refufe to his requeft, 
Is yours una/k'd, for you deferve it beft. 


£ 49 J 



S I L E N U S. 


Two young fhepherds, Ghromis and Mnafylus, har- 
jng been often promi&d a long by Silesia*, chance 
to catch himalleep in this Paftoral; where they bind 
him hand and foot, and then claim hit promife. 
Silenas, finding dxey would be put off no longer, be- 
gins bis Jong, in which he defcribcs die formation 
of the unhrerfe, and die original of animals, ac- 
cording to the Epicurean philosophy ; and then runs 
through the mod furprizing transformations which 
have happened in nature fince her birth. This Paf- 
toral *.vas defigned as a compliment to Syro the Epi- 
curean, who inftru&ed Virgil and Varus in the prin- 
ciples of that philofbphy. Silenus ads as tutor, 
Chromis and Mnafylus as the two pupils* 

J FIRST rransferr'd to Rome Sicilian (trains : 
Nor blufli'd the Doric Mufe to dwell on Mantuan 

Vol. V. £ But 



But when I try'd her tender voice, too young, 

And fighting kings, and bloody battles fung ; 

Apollo check'd my pride : and bade me feed 5 

My fattening flocks, nor dare beyond the reed. 

Admonifh'd thus, while every pen prepares 

To write thy praifes, Varus, and thy wars, 

My Paftoral Mufe her humble tribute brings ; 

And yet not wholly uninfpir'd fhe lings, xo 

For all who read, and, reading, not difdain 

Thefe rural poems, and their lowly flrain, 

The name of Varus, oft infcrib'd fhall fee, 

In every grove, and every vocal tree ; 

And all the fylvan reign fhall fing of thee. 

Thy name, to Phoebus and the Mufes known, 

Shall in the front of every page be mown ; 

For he who fings thy praife, fecures his own. 

Proceed, my Mufe : Two Satyrs, on the ground, 

Stretch'd at his eafe, their fire Silenus found. 

Dos'd with his fumes, and heavy with his load, 

They found him fnoring in his dark abode ; 

And feiz'd with youthful arms the drunken god. 

His rofy wreath was dropt not long before, 

Borne by the tide of wine, and floating on the floor. 25 

His empty cann, with ears half worn away, 

Was hung on high, to boaft the triumph of the day. 

Invaded thus, for want of better bands, 

His garland they unftring, and bind his hands : 

For, by the fraudful god deluded long, 3* 

They npw refolye |o their promis'd fong. 



JEgle came in, to make their party good ; 

The faireft NaYs of the neighbouring flood, 

And, while he ftares around, with ftupid eyes, 

His brows with berries, and his temples dyes. 35 

He finds the fraud, and, with a fmile, demands 

On what defign the boys had bound his hands. 

" Loofe me," he cry'd, " 'twas impudence to find 

" A fleeping god, 'tis facrilege to bind. 

•** To you the promis'd poem I will pay ; 40 

" The nymph fhall be rewarded ip. her way." 

He rais'd his voice ; and foon a numerous throng 

Of tripping Satyrs crowded to the fong ; 

And fylvan Fauns, and favage beafts advanced, 

And nodding forefts to the numbers danced. 45 

Not by Haemonian hills the Thracian bard, 

Nor awful Phoebus was on Piridus heard, 

With deeper filence, or with more regard. 

He fung the fecret feeds of Nature's frame ; 

How feas, and earth, and air, and active flame, 5^ 

Fell through the mighty void, anS in their fall 

Were blindly gather'd in this goodly ball. 

The tender foil then ftiffening by degrees, 

Shut from the bounded earth, the bounding feas. 

Then earth and ocean various forms difclofe ; 55 

And a new fun to the new world arofe. 

And mills condens'd to clouds obfeure the fey 5 

And clouds diflblv'd, the thirfty ground fupply. 

The rifing trees the lofty mountains grace : 

The lofty mountains feed the favage race, 60 

Yet few, and flrangers, in th' unpeopled place. 

E 2 From 




From thence the birth of man the fong purfued, 
And how the world was loft, and how renew'd. 
The reign of Saturn, and the golden age ; 
Prometheus' theft, and Jove's avenging rage. 65 

The cries of Argonauts for Hylas drowned ; 
With whofe repeated name the fhores refound. 
Then mourns the madnefs of the Cretan queen : 
Happy for her if herds had never been. 
What fury, wretched woman, feiz'd thy breaft ? 70 
The maids of Argos (though, with rage poffefs'd, 
Their imitated lowings fill'd die grove) 
Yet fhunn'd the guilt of thy prepofterous love. 
Nor fought the youthful hufband of the herd, 
Though labouring yokes on their own necks they 
fear'd ; 7 5 

And felt for budding horns on their fmooth fore- 
heads rear'd. 

Ah, wretched queen ! you range the pathlefs wood j 
JVhile on a flowery bank he chews the cud : 
Or fleeps in (hades, \>r through the foreft roves j 
And roars with anguifli for his abfent loves. So 

Ye nymphs, with toils his foreft- walk furround, 
And trace his wandering footfteps on the ground. 
But, ah ! perhaps my paflion he difdains, 
And courts the milky mothers of the plains. 
We fearch th* ungrateful fugitive abroad ; 85 

While, they at home fuftain his happy load. 
He fung the lover's fraud ; the longing maid, 
With golden fruit, like all the fex, betray'd : 




The fitter's mourning for the brother's lofs ; 

Their bodies hid in barks, and furr'd with mofs. 90 

How each a rifing alder now appears : 

And o'er the Po diftils her gummy tears. 

Then fung, how Gallus by a Mufe's hand 

Was led and welcom'd to the facred ftrand. 

The fenate rifing to falute their gueft ; 9$ 

And Linus thus their gratitude exprefs'd, 

Receive this prefent, by the Mufes made ; 

The pipe on which th' Afcraean pallor play'd ; 

With which of old he charm'd the favage train, 

And call'd the mountain aflies to the plain. 10a 

Sing thou on this, thy Phoebus ; and the wood 

Where once his fane of Parian marble flood. 

On this his ancient oracles rehearfe, 

And with new numbers grace the God of verfe. 

Why fhould I fing the double Scylla's fate, 105 

The firft by love transform'd, the laft by hate. 

A beauteous maid above, but magic arts 

With barking dogs deforpi'd her nether parts : 

What vengeance on the patting fleet fhe pour'd, 

The mailer frighted, and the mates devour'd. * no 

Then ravifli'd Philomel the fong expreft 5 

The crime rcveal'd ; the fitters cruel feaft : 

And how in fields the lapwing Tereus reigns ; 

The warbling nightingale in woods complains. 

While Progne makes on chimney- tops her moan 5 115 

And hovers o*er the palace once her own. 

Whatever fongs befides, the Delphian God 

Had taught the laurels, and the Spartan flood, 

£ 3 Silenus 



Silenus fung : the vales his voice rebound, 

And cany to the ikies the facred found. x 

And now the fetting fun had warn'd the fwain 

To call his counted cattle from the plain : 

Yet ftill th* unweary'd fire purfues the tuneful ftrain. 

Till unperceiv'd the heavens with ftars were hung : 

And fudden night furpriz'd the yet unfiniuVd fong. 





Meliboeui here giro* u> the relation of a ftiarp poetical 
comeft between Thyrfis and Corydon ; at which he 
himfdf and Daphnis were prefent ; wht> both de- 
clared for Corydtffu 

|3E?CE ATH a holm, repaired two jolly fivains ; 

Their meep and goats together grax'd the plains ; 
Both young Arcadians, both alike infpir'd 
To fing, and anfwer as the fong requir'd. 
Daphnis, as umpire, took the middle feat; 5 

And fortune thither led my weary feet* 
For while I fene'd my myrtles from the cold^ 
The father of my flock had wander'd from the fold. 
Of Daphnis I enquir'd ; he, finiling, faid, 
Difmifc your fear, and pointed where he fed* 1 o 

And, if no greater cares difturb your mind, 
Sit here with us, m covert of the wind. 

E 4 Your 


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firft Clfay or U3U aatr-/'.i JClOlC; 




^ Mycon offers, Delia, to thy { ; 
peed his hunting with thy power d.riz*. 
(latue then of Parian (tone fiia~ £zz.d ; +r 

legs in buikins with a purple band. 
■ YR. This bowl of milk, theft caxe;, 

country fare,) 
hee, Priapus, yearly we prepare, 
jfe a little garden is thy care. 
f the falling lambs increafe ir.y fill, 51 

marble (tatue (hall be t-rn ? d ti c"~-. 
• R. Fair Galatea, with thy tlvsr £tt% 
riiter than the fwan, and more tj-ia Hybli 5 
a j a poplar, taper as the belt, 
: charm thy (hepherd, and rcficre s.t fr„ ... s * 
1 when ray Iared iheep at nigh.t rerjrr. ; 
crown the iiient hours, and £'„:> ti* .-.fT, 
<:yx. May I become as. ab : ec: in thy :"i-rs, 
z-wctd on the fhcre, and bJack ai n:?:.: : 
h as 2 b-r, ctferni'd like him -a ho c*-.-; £3 


Your lowing heifers, of their own accord. 

At watering time will feek the neighbouring ford. 

Here wanton Mincius winds along the meads, 15 

And fhades his happy banks with bending reeds : 

And fee from yon old oak, that mates the ikies, 

dow black the clouds of fwarming bees arife. 

What mould I do ! nor was Alcippe nigh, 

Nor abfent Phyllis could my care fupply, 20 

To houfe, and feed by hand my weaning lambs, 

And drain the ftrutting udders of their dams ? 

Great was the flrife betwixt the tinging fwains : 

And I preferr'd my pleafure to my gains. 

Alternate rhyme the ready champions chofe : 25 

Thefe Corydon rehears'd, and Thyrfis thofe. 

Cor. Ye Mufes, ever fair, and ever young, 
AIM my numbers, and infpire my fong. 
With all my Codrus O infpire my breaft, 
For Codrus, after Phoebus, fings the beft. 30 

Or if my wifhes have prefum'd too high, 
And flxetch'd their bounds beyond mortality, 
The praife of artful numbers I refign : 
And hang my pipe upon the facred pine. 

Thyr. Arcadian fwains, your youthful poet crown 
With ivy wreaths 5 though furly Codrus frown. 
Or if he blaft my Mtrfe with envious praife, 
Then fence my brows with amulets of bays j 
Left his ill arts or his malicious tongue 
Should poifon or bewitch my growing fong. 40 

Cor. Thefe branches of a flag, this tuiky boar 
(The firft cfTay of arms untryM before) 



P A S T O R A L VII. 57 

Young Mycon offers, Delia, to thy lhnne ; 
But fpeed his hunting with thy power divine. 
Thy ftatue.then of Parian ftone fhall ftand ; 45 

Thy legs in bufkins with a purple band. 

Thyr. This bowl of milk, thefe cakes, (our 
country fare,) 
For thee, Priapus, yearly we prepare, 
Becaufe a little garden is thy care. 
But if the falling lambs increafe my fold, 50 

Thy marble ftatue fhall be turn'd to gold. 

Cor. Fair Galatea, with thy filver feet, 
O, whiter than the fwan, and more than Hybla fweet ; 
Tall as a poplar, taper as the bole, 
Come charm thy fhepherd, and reftore my foul. 55 
Come when my lated flieep at night return j 
And crown the filent hours, and flop the rofy morn. 

Thyr. May I become as abject in thy fight, 
As fea-weed on the fhore, and black as night : 
Rough as a bur, deform'd like him who chaws 6* 
Sardinian herbage to contract his jaws ; 
Such and fo monflrous let thy fwain appear, 
If one day's abfence looks not like a year. 
Hence from the field for fhame : the flock deferves 
No better feeding, while the fhepherd ftarves. 6$ 

Cor. Ye moffy fprings, inviting eafy fleep, 
Ye trees, whofe leafy fhades thofe mofTy fountains keep, 
Defend my flock j the fummer heats are near, 
And bloflbms on the fwelling vines appear. 



Thyr. With heapy fires our chearful hearth is 
crown'd ; 70 

And firs for torches in the woods abound : 
We fear not more the winds, and wintry cold, 
Than (breams the banks, or wolves the bleating fold. 

Cor. Our woods with juniper and chefhuts "\ 
crown'd, I 

With falling fruits and berries paint the ground ; f 
'And lavifh Nature laughs, and ftrows her ftores 1 
around. 75 -J 

But if Alexis from our mountains fly, 
Ev*n running rivers leave their channels dry. 

Thyr. Parch'd are the plains, and frying is the field, 
Nor withering vines their juicy vintage yield. 80 

But if returning Phyllis blefs the plain, 
The grafs revives ; the woods are green again ; 
And Jove defcends in fhowers of kindly rain. 

Cor. The poplar is by great Alcides worn ; 
k Thc brows of Phoebus his own bays adorn ; 8 5 

The branching vine the jolly Bacchus loves ; 
The Cyprian queen delights in myrtle groves. 
With hazle Phyllis crowns her flowing hair; 
And while Hie loves that common wreath to wear, 
Nor bays, nor myrtle boughs, with hazle fhall com- 
pare. 90 

Thyr. The towering am is faireft in the woods j 
In gardens pines, and poplars by the floods : 
But if my Lycidas will cafe my pains, 
And often vifit our forfaken plains, 




A S T O J? A -r 

i o fum the towering aft n.„n - . 

S<n« wh en 'tis C«™fc Ta ' n contc »d i 




Rekatkfs love the cruel mother led, 
The blood of her unhappy babes to fhed : $^ 

Love lent the fword $ the mother (truck the blow $ 
Inhuman (he ; but more unhappy thou. 
Alien of birth, ufurper of the plains : 
Begin with me, my flute, the fweet Maenalian ftraint * 

Old doting Nature, change thy courfe anew : 70 
And let the trembling lamb the wolf purfue : 
Let oaks now glitter with Hefperian fruit, 
And purple daffodils from alder (hoot. 
Fat amber let the tamariik diftil : 
And hooting owls contend with fwans in (kill. 75 
Hoarfe Tityrus ftrive with Orpheus in the woods ; 
And challenge fam'd Arion on the floods. 
Or, oh \ let nature^ceafe, and chaos reign : 
Begin with me, my flute, the fweet Maenalian drain. 

Let earth be fea ; and let the whelming tide 80 

The lifelefs limbs of lucklefs Damon hide : 
Farewell, ye fecret woods and (hady groves, 
Haunts of ray youth, and confeious of my loves ! 
From yon high cliff I plunge into the main j 
Take the laft prefent of thy dying fwain : 
And ceafe, my filent flute, the fweet Maenalian (train. , 

Now take your turns, ye Mufes, to rehearfe 
His friend's complaints ; and mighty magic verfe. 
Bring running water ; bind thofe altars round 
With fillets j and with vervain ftrow the ground : 90 
Make fat with frankincenfe the facred fires, 
To re-inflame my Daphnis with deures. 


ain. J 


'Tis done, we want but verfe. Reftore my charms, 
My lingering Daphnis to my longing arms. 

Pale Phoebe, drawn by verfe from heaven defcends 5 
And Circe chang'd with charms Ulyfles* friends. 
Verfe breaks the ground, and penetrates the brake, 
And in the winding cavern fplits the fnake. 
Verfe fires the frozen veins : reftore my charms, 
My lingering Daphnis to my longing arms. 100 

Around his waxen image firft I wind 
Three woollen fillets, of three colours join'd : ' 
Thrice bind about his thrice -devoted head, 
Which round the facred altar thrice is led. 
Unequal numbers pleafe the gods : my charms, 105 
Reftore my Daphnis to my longing arms. 

Knit with three knots the fillets,«knit them ftraight j 
Then fay, Thefe knots to love I confecrate. 
Hafte, Amaryllis, hafte ; reftore my charms, 
My lovely Daphnis to my longing arms. 1 10 

As fire this figure hardens, made of clay ; 
And this of wax with fire confumes away ; 
Such let the foul of cruel Daphnis be j 
Hard to the reft of women ; foft to me. 
Crumble the facred mole of fait and corn, 115 

Next in the fire the bays with brimftone bum. 
And while it crackles in the fulphur, fay, 
This, I for Daphnis burn ; thus Daphnis burn away. 
This laurel is his fate : reftore, my charms, 
My lovely Daphnis to my longing arms. 12O 

As when the raging heifer, through the grove, 
Stung with defiie, purfues her wandering love j 


PASTORAL Vin. « 5 

Faint at the laft, fhe feeks the weedy pools 
To quench her thirft, and on the rufhes rolls : 
Carelefs of night, unmindful to return ; 125 

Such fruitlefs fires perfidious Daphnis burn. 
While I fo fcorn his love ; reftore my charms, 
My lingering Daphnis* to my longing arms. 

Thefe garments once were his ; and left to me ; 
The pledges of his promis'd loyalty : 130 

Which underneath my threflioid 1 beftow ; 
Thefe pawns, O facred earth f tome my Daphnis owe. 
As thefe were his, fo mine is he : my charms, 
Reftore their lingering lord to my deluded arms. 

Thefe poifonous plants, for magic ufe defign'd, 135 
(The nobleft and the beft of all the baneful kind,) 
Old Moeris brought me from the Pontic ftrand, 
And cull'd the mifchief of a bounteous land. 
Smear' d with thefe powerful juices, on the plain 
He howls a wolf among the hungry train : 140 

And oft the mighty necromancer boafts, 
With thefe, to call from tombs the ftalking ghofts 5 
And from the roots to tear the ftanding corn, 
Which, whirl'd aloft, to diftant fields is borne. 
Such is the flrcngth of fpells : reftore, my charms, 145 
My lingering Daphnis to my longing arms. 

Bear out thefe aflies ; caft them in the brook ; 
Call backwards o'er your head, nor turn your look : 
Since neither gods, nor godlike verfe can move, 
Break out, ye fmother'd fires, and kindle fmother'd 
love. 1 5° 

Vol. V. F Exert 


Exert your utmoft power, my lingering charms, 
And force my Daphnis to. my longing arms. 

fyee, while my lad endeavours I delay, 
The waking aflies rife, and round our altars play ! v 
Run to the threshold, Amaryllis 5 hark, 155 

Our Hylas opens, and begins to bark. 
Good heaven ! may lovers what they wi/h believe j 
Qr dream their wifhes, and thofe dreams deceive ! 
No more, my Daphnis comes 5 no more, my charms ; 
He comes, he runs, he leaps, to my defiling arms. 16© 


t 6* 1 

T ft E 


o *, 

LYC1DAS and M CE R I S. 


When Virgil, by the favour of Auguftus, had reco* 
vered his patrimony near Mantua, and went in hope 
to take po0effion, he was in danger to be (lain by 
Arms the Centurion, to whom thofe lands were af- 
figned by the Emperor, in reward of his fervice 
againft Brutus and Caflius. This Paftoral therefore 
is filled with complaints of his hard ufage ; and the 
perfons introduced, are the Bailiff of Virgil, Mceris, 
and his friend Lycidas. 


ttO, Mceris ! whither on thy way fo faft ? 
This leads to town. 

Moer. O Lycidas, at laft 
The time is come I never thought to fee, 
(Strange revolution for my farm and me) 5 

F * When 



When the grim captain, in a furly tone, 
Cries out, Pack up, ye rafcals ! and be gone. 
Kick'd out, we fet the beft face on*t we cou'd, 
And thefe two kids t'appeafe his angry mood 
I bear, of which the Furies give him good ! 

Lyc. Your country friends were told another tale; 
That from the doping mountain to the vale, 
And dodder' d oak, and all the banks along, 
Menalcas fav'd his fortune with a fong. • 
. MoEi. Such was the news, indeed; butfongftand 
rhymes 1 5 

Prevail as much in thefe hard iron times, 
As would a plump of trembling fowl, that rife 
Againft an eagle foufing from the ikies. 
And had not Phoebus warn*d me by the croak, 
Of an old raven, from a hollow oak, 20 

To fhun debate, Menalcas had been flain, 
And Mceris not furviv'd him, to complain. 

Lyc. Now heaven defend! could barbarous rage 
The brutal fon of Mars t' infult the facred Mufe ! 
Who then mould fmg the nymphs, or who rehearfe 25 
The waters gliding in a fmoother verfe ! 
Or Amaryllis praife, that heavenly lay, 
That fhorten'd, as we went, our tedious way. 
O Tityrus, tend my herd, and fee them fed ; 
To morning paflures, evening waters, led : 30 

And 'ware the Libyan ridgel's butting head. 
M oe R. Or what unfiniuVd he to Varus read ; 

4 Thy 


Thy name, O Varus (if the kinder Powers 
Preferve our. plains, and fhield the Mantuan towers, 
Obnoxious by Cremona's neighbouring crime,) 3$ 
The wings of (wans, and ftronger pinion'd rhyme, 
Shall raife aloft, and foaring bear above 
Th' immortal gift of gratitude to Jove; 

Lyc. Sing on, ling on, for I can ne'er be cloy'd, 
So may thy fwarms the baleful eugh avoid : 4* 

So may thy cows their burden'd bags dutend, 
And trees to goats their willing branches bend. 
Mean as I am, yet have the Mufes made 
Me free, a membej of the tuneful trade : 
At lead, the fhepherds feem to like my lays, 45 

But I difcern their flattery from their praife : 
I nor to Cinna's ears, nor Varus* dare afpire ; 
But gabble like a goofe, amidft the fwan-like quire. 

Moer. 'Tis what I have been conning in my mind : 
Nor are the verfes of a vulgar kind. 50 

Come, Galatea, come, the feas forfake; 
What pleafures can the tides with their hoarfe mur- 
murs make ? 
See, on the fliore inhabits purple fpring, 
Where nightingales their love-fick ditty fing 5 
See, meads with purling ftreams, with flowers the " 

The grottoes cool, with fliady poplars crownV 
And creeping vines on arbours weav'd around. 
Come then, and leave the waves' tumultuous roar, 
Let the wild furges vainly beat the fliore. 

F 3 Lyc 

vers the *! 

id. J 


Lyc. Or that fweet fbng I heard with fuch delight j 
The fame you fung alone one ftarry night 5 
The tune I frill retain, but not die words. 

Moeb.. Why, Daphnis, doft thou fearch in old 
To know the feafbns when the ftars arife ? 
See Caefar'8 lamp is lighted in the Ikies : 65 

The ftar, whofe rays the blufhing grapes adorn, 
And fwell the kindly ripening ears of corn. 
Under this influence graft the lender (hoot ; 
Thy childrens children (hall enjoy the fruit. 
The reft I have forgot, for cares and time 70 

Change all things, and untune my foul to rhyme : 
I could have once fung down a fummer's fun, 
But now the chime of poetry is done. 
My voice grows hoarfe ; I feel the notes decay, 
As if the wolves had feen me (irft to-day. 75 

But thefe, and more than I to mind can bring, 
Menalcas has not yet forgot to fing. 

Lyc. Thy faint excufes but inflame me more ; 
And now the waves roll filent to the more. 
Hufht winds the topmoft branches fcarcely bend, 80 
As if thy tuneful fong they did attend : 
Already we have half our way o'ercome ; 
Far off I can difcern Bianor's tomb ; 
Here, where the labourer's hands have form'd a bow'r 
Of wreathing trees, in finging wafle an hour. 85 

Reft here thy weary limbs, thy kids lay down, 
We've day before us yet, to reach the town : 


And ibid a fri en a at + * lt he #&* 

1 * u hn * a voice. 


& o 



T H E 


o R, 

G A L L U S. 


Gallus, a great Patron of Virgil, and an excellent 
Poet, was very deeply in love with one Cytheris, 
whom he calls Lycorus ; and who had forfaken him 
for the company of a foldier. The poet therefore 
fuppofes his friend Gallus retired in his height of 
melancholy into the (blitudes of Arcadia (the cele- 
brated fcene of Paftorals) ; where he reprefents him 
in a very languifhing condition, with all the rural 
Deities about him, pitying his hard ufage, and 
condoling his misfortune. 

*"PHY facred fuccour, Arethufa, bring, 

To crown my labour: 'tis the laft I fing. 
Which proud Lycoris may with pity view ; 
The Mufe is mournful, though the numbers few. 
Refufe me not a verfe, to grief and Gallus due. 


So ma? thy filver ftrearas beneath the tide. 
Unmix "d with briny Teas, le curdy glide. 
Sing dies, toy Gallus, and his hopelefs vowi ; 
Sing, while my cattle crop the tender browfe. 
Toe vocal grove ihall aniwex ro the found* 
And echo, fiom the vales, the tuneful voice 

What laws* or woods withheld you from hit aid, 
Ye aympfrt » when Gall us was to lore betray f d ; 
ToIotc, mspity'd by the cruel raaid * 
Nor &ecpy Find us cou T d refaiti jour eourfe. 
Nor clefl Paniaflus, nor th* Aonian fotirte : 
Notliiu^ that i/w ns the Mufes cou'd fulpend 
Your aid to Gallus, Gallus is their friend. 
For him the Lofty laurel ftanck in tears, 
And hung with humid pearls the lowly fhrub appear* 
Marnalian pines the godlike Twain bemoan ; 
When fpread beneath a rock he figh'd alone; 
And cold Lycaeus wept from every dropping ftonc. 
The fheep furround their fhephcrd, as he lies : 
Blulh not, fwect poet, nor the name defpife: 25 

Along the ftreams Jiis flock Adonis fed ; 
And vet the queen of beauty bleft his bed.* 
The fwains and tardy neat-herds came, and laft 
Mcnalcas, wet with beating winter maft. 
Wondering they afle'd from whence arofe thy flame ; 
Yet more amaz'd, thy own Apollo came. 
I fluflfd were his cheeks, and glowing were his eyes : 
[ 1» the thy care ? is flic thy care ? he cries. 






cy. J 


Thv falls Lycoris flies thy love and thee : 

And for thy riral tempts the raging fea, 

The forms of horrid war, and heaven's inclemency. 

Sylvanus came: his brows a country crown 

"Of fennel, and of nodding lilies, drown. 

Great Pan arriv'd ; and we beheld him too. 

His cheeks and temples of vermillion hue. 40 

Why, Gailus, this immoderate grief, he cry'd : 

Think'ft thou that love with tears is fatisfy'd ? 

The meads are fooner drunk with morning dews 5 

The bees with flowery fhrubs, the goats with browfe. 

Unmov'd, and with dejefted eyes he mourn'd : 45 

He paus*d, and then thefe broken words retura'd. 

*Tis paftj and pity gives me no relief : 

But you, Arcadian fwains, fhall fmg my grief : 

And on your hills my laft complaints renew j 

So fad a fong is only worthy you. 50 

How light would lie the turf upon my bread, 

If you my fufferings in your fongs expreft ? 

Ah ! that your birth and bufinefs had been mine ; 

To penn the fheep, and prefs the fwelling vine ! 

Had Phyllis or Amyntas caus'd my pain, 55 

Or any nymph, or any fhepherd on the plain, 

Though Phyllis brown, though black Amyntas were, 

Are violets not fweet, becaufe not fair ? 

Beneath the fallows, and the fhady vine, 

My loves had mix'd their pliant limbs with minej 60 

Phyllis with myrtle wreaths had crown'd my hair, 

And foft Amyntas fung away my care. 



o, 70 f 

th* eternal f 


Come, fee what pleafures in onr plains abound 5 
The woods, the fountains, and the flowery ground. 
As you are beauteous, were you half Co true, 65 

Here could I live, and love, and die with only you. 
Now I to fighting fields am fent afar, 
And ftrive in winter camps with toils of war 5 
While you, <ahts, that I fhould find it fo !) 
To {hun my fight, your native foil forego, 
And climb the frozen Alps, and tread 


Ye frofts and (hows, her tender body fpare j 
Thofe are not limbs for ificles to tear. 
For me, the wilds and deferts are my choice j 
The Mufes> once my care 5 my once harmonious voice. 
There will I fing, forfaken and alone, 
The rocks and hollow caves fliall echo to my moan. 
The rind of every plant her name fliall know 5 
And as the rind extends, the love fhall grow. 
Then on Arcadian mountains will I chace 2o 

(Mix'd with the woodland nymphs) the favage race. 
Nor cold fhall lender me, with horns and hounds 
To thrid the thickets, or to leap the mounds. 
And now methinks o'er fteepy rocks I go, 
And rufh through founding woods, and bend the Par- 
thian bow : 85 
As if with fports my fufferings I could eafe, 
Or by my pains the God of love appcafe. 
My frenzy changes, I delight no more 
On mountain tops to chace the tufky boar 5 



No game but hopelefs love my thoughts purfue : 
Once more, ye nymphs, and fongs, and founding woods, 

Love alters not for us his hard decrees, 
Not though beneath the Thracian clime we freeze j 
Or Italy's indulgent heaven forego ; 
And in mid-winter tread Sithonian (how. 95 

Or when the barks of elms are fcorch'd, we keep 
On Meroe's burning plains the Libyan fheep. 
In hell, and earth, and feas, and heav'n above, 
Love conquers all ; and we mull yield to love. 
My Mufes, here your facred raptures end: 100 

The verie was what I ow'd my fuffering friend. 
This while I fung, my fbrrows I deceived, 
And bending ofiers into bafkets weav'd. 
The fong, becaufe infpir'd by you, mall mine : 
And Gallus will approve, becaufe 'tis mine. 105 

Gallus, for whom my holy flames renew 
Each hour, and every moment rife in view : 
As alders, in the fpring, their boles extend 5 
And heave fo fiercely, that the bark they rend. 
Now let us rife, for hoarfenefs oft invades 1 10 

The finger's voice who fings beneath the fhades. 
From juniper unwholfom dews diftil, 
That blaft the footy corn : the withering herbage kill ; 
Away, my goats, away : for you have brows'd your 




v I R G 

I L'S 


R G I 

C S. 

[ 79 1 





T CANNOT begin my addrefs to your lordfhjp, bet- 
ter than in the words of Virgil, 
** Q uod optanti Divum protnitterc nemo 

" Auderet, volvenda dies, en, attulit ultro." 
Seven years together I have concealed the longing 
which I had to appear before you: a time as tedious as 
£neas pafled in his wandering voyage, before he 
reached the promifed Italy. But I confidered, that 
nothing which my meannefs could produce, was worthy 
of your patronage. At laft this happy occafion offered, 
of prefenting to you the beft poem of the beft poet. 
If I balked this opportunity, I was in defpair of find- 
ing fuch another ; and if I took it, I was ftill uncertain 
whether you would vouchfafe to accept it from my 
hands. It was a bold venture which I made, in defir- 
bg your permiflion to lay my unworthy labours at 
your feet. But my raflinefs has fucceeded beyond my 
hopes : and you have been pleafed not to fuffer an old 
tun to go difcontented out of the world for want of 
i that 


that protection, of which he had been fo long ambi- 
tious. I have known a gentleman in difgrace, and not 
daring to appear before king Charles the Second, 
though he much defired it. At length he took the con- 
fidence to attend a fair lady to the court, and told his 
majefty, that under her protection he had prefumed to 
wait on him. With the fame humble confidence I 
prefent myfelf before your lordlhip, and attending on 
Virgil hope a gracious reception. The gentleman fuc- 
ceeded, becaufe the powerful lady was his friend; but 
I have too much injured my great author,, to expeft 
he fhould intercede for me. I would have translated 
him ; but, according to the literal French and Italian 
phrafes, I fear I have traduced him. It is the fault 
of many a well-meaning man, to be officious in a 
wrong place, and do a prejudice, where he had en- 
deavoured to do a fervice. Virgil wrote his Georgics 
in trie full ftrength and vigour of his age, when his 
judgment was at the height, and before his fancy was 
declining. He had (according to our homely faying) 
his full fwing at this poem, beginning it at about the 
age of thirty-five ; and fcarce concluding it before he 
arrived at forty. It is obferved both of him and Ho- 
race, and I believe it will hold in all great poets • that 
though they wrote before with a certain heat of genius 
which infpired them, yet that heat was not perfectly 
digefted. There is required a continuance of warmth 
to ripen the beft and nobleft fruits. Thus Horace, in 
his Firft and Second Book of Odes, was (till rifing, 
but came not to his meridian till the Third. After 



which his judgment was an overpoife to his imagina- 
tion : he grew too cautious to be bold enough, for he 
defcended in his Fourth by flow degrees, and in his 
Satires and Epiftles, was more a philofopher and a 
critic than a poet. In the beginning of fummer the 
days are almoft at a ftand, with little variation of 
length or fhortnefs, becaufe at that time the diurnal 
motion of the fun partakes more of a right line, than 
of a fpiral. The fame is the method of nature in the 
frame of man. He feems' at forty to be fully in his 
fummer tropic ; fomewhat before, and fomewhat after, 
he finds in his foul but fmall increafes or decays. 
From fifty to threefcore the balance generally holds 
even, in our colder climates : for he lofes not much in 
fancy ; and judgment, which is the effeft of obferva- 
tion, ftill increafes : his fucceeding years afford him lit- 
tle more than the ftubble of his own harveft : yet if 
his confutation be healthful, his mind may ftill retain 
a decent vigour ; and the gleanings of that Ephraim, 
in companion with others, will furpafs the vintage of 
Abiezer. I have called this fomewhere, by a bold me- 
taphor, a green old age, but Virgil has given me his 
authority for the figure. 

€ * Jam fenior; fed cruda Deo, viridifque fene&us.'* 
Among thofe few who enjoy the advantage of a latter 
fpring, your lordfhip is a rare example: who being 
now arrived at your great climacteric, yet give no 
proof of the leaft decay of your excellent judgment, 
and comprehenfion of all things which are within the 
VOL. V. G compafs 


compafs of human underftanding. Your convcrfation 
is as eafy as it is inftructive, and I could never obferve 
the leaf* vanity or the lead affuming in any thing you 
faid : but a natural unaffected modefty, full of good 
(enfe, and well digefted. A clearnefs of notion, ex- 
prefTed in ready and unftudied words. No man has 
complained, or ever can, that you have difcourfed 
too long on any fubjeft : for you leave in us an eager- 
nefs of learning more ; pleafed with what we hear, 
but not fatisfied, becaufe you will not fpeak fo much 
as we could wifh. I dare not excufe your lordfhip 
from this fault ; for though it is none in you, it is 
one to all who have the happinefs of being known to 
you. I muft confefs the critics make it one of Virgil'* 
beauties, that having faid what he thought convenient, 
he always left fomewhat for the imagination of his 
readers to fupply : that they might gratify their fan- 
■ ctes, by finding more in what he had written, than at 
firft they could, and think they had added to his 
thoughts when it was all there before-hand, and he 
only faved himfclf the expence of words. However it 
-was, I never went from your lordfhip, but with a 
longing to return, or without a hearty curfe to him 
who invented ceremonies in the world, and put me on 
the neceffity of withdrawing when it was my intereft, 
as well as my defire, to have given you a much longer 
trouble. I cannot imagine (if your lordfhip will give 
me leave to fpeak my thoughts) but you have had a 
more than ordinary vigour in your youth. For too 
.much of heat is required at firft, that there may not 



too little be left at laft. A prodigal fire is only capa- 
ble of large remains : and yours, my lord, (till burns 
die clearer in declining. The blaze is not fo fierce as 
at the firft, but the fmoke is wholly vanifhed j and 
your friends who ftand about you are not only fenfible 
of a chearful warmth, but are kept at an awful dif- 
tance by its force. In my fmall obfervations of man* 
kind, I have ever found, that fuch as are not rather 
too full of fpirit when they are young, degenerate to 
dulnefs in their age. Sobriety in our riper years is the 
effect of a well-concocted warmth ; but where the 
principles are only phlegm, what can be expected from 
thewaterifh matter, but an infipid manhood, and a 
ftupid old infancy; difcretion in leading-firings, and a 
confirmed ignorance on crutches ? Virgil, in his Third 
Georgic, when he defcribes a colt, who promifes a 
courier for the race, or for the field of battle, fhews 
him the firft to pafs the bridge, which trembles under 
him, and to ftem the torrent of the flood. His begin- 
nings muft be in rafhnefs ; a noble fault : but time 
and experience will correct that error, and tame it into 
a deliberate and well-weighed courage j which knows 
both to be cautious and to dare, as occafion offers. 
Your lordfhip is a man of honour, not only fo un- 
earned, but fo unqueftioned, that you are the living 
fkandard of that heroic virtue ; fo truly fuch, that if I 
would flatter you, I could not. It takes not from 
you, that you were born with principles of generofity 
and probity j but it adds to you, that you have culti- 
rated nature, and made thofe principles the rule and 
G z meafure 


meafure of all your actions. The world knows this, 
without mv telling ; yet poets have a right of record- 
ing it to all posterity. 

" Dignmn laxtde virum, Muia Tetat mori." 

EpomiBOndas, Lucullus, and die two nrfrCariars, 
were not efteemed the worfe commanders, for having 
made philosophy and die liberal arts their fhidy. Ci- 
cero might have been their equal, but that he wanted 
courage. To have both thde virtues, and to have 
improved them both, with a fbftnefs of manners, and 
a fWeetnefs of conversation, few of our nobility can 
fill that character : one there is, and fo confpicuous 
by his own light, that he needs not 

u Digito monftrari, et dicier hie eft.'* 

To be nobly born, and of an ancient family, is in 
the extremes of fortune, either good or bad ; for vir- 
tue and descent are no inheritance. A long feries of 
anceltors mews the native with great advantage at the 
firft ; but if he any way degenerate from his line, the 
leail fpot is viable on ermine. But to preferve this 
whitenefs in its original purity, you, my lord, have, 
like that ermine, forfaken the common track of bufi- 
nefs, which is not always clean : you have chofen for 
yourfclf a private greatnefs, and will not be polluted 
with ambition. It has been obferved in former times, 
that none have been fo greedy of employments, and of 
managing the public, as they who have leaft deferred 
their ftations. Bur fuch only merit to be called patri- 
ots, under whom we fee their country flourifh. I have 


ION, « 5 

laughed fometimes {for who would always be an Hera* 
chtus s ) whet! I have reflected on thofe men, who 
from time to time have {hot themfejves into the world. 
I have feeti many fucefcflmns of them ; fome bolting 
out upon die ftage with vaft applaufe, and others hiiTed 
off, and quitting it with difgrace. But while they 
were in aftion, I have conftantly obferved* that they 
Teemed defirous to retreat from bu fin eft : grcatnefs 
they laid was naufeous, and a crowd was troublefnmc ; 
a quiet privacy was their ambition. Some few of them 
1 believe faid this in earnett, and were making a provi- 
sion againft future want, that they might enjoy their 
age with eafc : they faw the happioefs of a private 
hit, and ptomifed to rhemfclvcs a blcfllng, which 
every day it was in their power to ponci's. But they 
deferred it, and lingered ftill at court, becaufe they 
thought they had not yet enough to make them happy ; 
they would have more, and laid in to make their ibli- 
tude luxurious, A wretched philosophy, which Epi- 
curus never taught them in his garden : they loved 
the profpeet of this quiet in reverfion, but were not 
willing to have it in pofleflion ; they would firft be old, 
and made as fure of health and life, as if both of them 
were at their difpofe. But put them to the neceflity of 
preient choice, and they preferred continuance in. 
power : like the wretch who called Death to his aflift- 
ance, but refufed him when he came. The great 
Scipio was not of their opinion, who indeed fought 
honours in his youth, and indured the fatigues with 
which be purchafed them. He ferved his country 
G 3 when 

ft D E D I C A-T ION. 

when it was in need of his courage and conduct, until 
he thought it was time to ferve himfelf : hut dis- 
mounted from the fiddle when he found the beaft 
which hove him begin to grow reftiff and ungovern- 
able. But your lordfhip has given us a better exam*, 
pie of moderation. You few betimes that ingratitude 
is not confined to commonwealths $ "and therefore 
though you were formed alike, for the greateft of civil 
employments, and military commands, yet you puihed 
not your iottune to rife in either ; but contented your* 
felf with being capable, as. much as any whofoever, of 
defending your country with your (word, or aflifring 
it with your counfel, when you were called;. For die 
reft, the refpeft and love which was paid you, not 
only in the province where you live, but generally by 
all who had the happinefs to know you, was a wife- 
exchange for the honours of the court : a place of for* 
getfulnefs, at the bell, for well-de&rvers. It is ne* 
ceffary for the poliihing of manners, to have breathed 
that air j but it is infectious even to the beft morals to 
live always in k. It is a dangerous commerce, where 
an honeftman is rare at the firft of being cheated ; and 
he recovers not his lones, but by learning to cheat others* 
The undermining fmile becomes at length habitual ; 
and the drift of his plaufible converfation, is only to 
flatter one, that he may betray another. Yet it is 
good to have been a looker-on, without venturing to 
play ; that a man may know falfe dice another time, 
though he never means to ufe them. I commend not 
him who never knew a court, but him who foriakes 
a it 


he knows it* A youag 

out of melancholy- zeal leaves die world 
before he has well tried it, and runs headlong into 
religion. He who carries a maidenhead into a clontcr, 
t* fometimes apt to lo& it there, and to repent of hit 
repentance. He only is like to endure asntcrioes, 
who has already found the inconvenience of psvatnrei. 
For almo*% every man w ill be making experiment* in 
one part or another of his life t and die danger is die 
kfs when we are young t for, having tried it early, we 
snail not he apt to repeat it afterwards. Yonr lordfhip 
t he re fore may properly be faid to hare chosen a retreat, 
and not to have chofen it until yog had fnaCttreiy vest- 
ed the adrantagei of rifmg higher with the hazards of 
rhc fall* ** Res non parta labore, led reti&a," was 
thongh: hra poet to be one of the requiiitei to a happv 
life. Why ihould a reasonable man put it in die poorer 
of famine In make him mj&rabk, when his anceftcfi 
have taken care to release him from h^i ? let him ren* 
tore, &vs Horace, ™ qui zonam perdidit/* He who has 
nothing, plays fecurely ; for be may win, and canncyt 
be poorer if he lofes. But he who is horn to a plenti- 
fni efiate, and is ambitious of offices at court, fets a 
flake to Fortune, which (he can ieldom anfwer : if he 
gains nothing, he lofts all, or part of what was once 
his own ; and if he gets, he cannot be certain but he 
may refund* 

In short, however he fucceeds, it is covctoufnels 

that ind uce d him nrft to play, and covetoufhefs is the 

undoubted fign of ill fenfe at bottom. The odds are 

G 4, againi^ 


S* r F D 1 C A T I O N. 

*£*;?.£ S;*'.. :.:u: h? >:es ,- and one lofs may be of 
«MW <vnfcxv{ jsc^oc i© him than all his former winnings. 
I* * &* *te present war of the Chriftians againft the 
T«HlU tway year they gain a vi&ory, and by that a 
¥*w* , taft if they are once defeated, they lofe a pro- 
\*«G* a* % Mow, and endanger the fafety of the whole 
*»fptife, You, my lord, enjoy your quietin a garden, 
wfcffit yott have not only the leifure of thinking, but 
Vie- ffafure to think of nothing which can difcompofe 
joigr mind. A good conference is a port which is 
femMocked on every fide, and where no winds can 
f&JBbly invade, no tempefts can arife. There a man 
way ftand upon the ihore, and not only fee his own 
linage, but that of his Maker, clearly reflected from 
the undifturbecf and filent waters. Reafon was in- 
tended for a bleiftng, and fuch it is to men of honour 
and integrity ; who deiire no more than .what they 
are able to give thcmfelves j like the happy old Cori- 
cyan, whom my author defcribes in his Fourth Geor- 
gic ; whofc fruits and fallads, on which he lived con- 
tented, were all of his own growth, and his own 
plantation. Virgil fecms to think that the blefllngs of 
a country life are not complete, without an improve- 
ment of knowledge by contemplation and reading. 

" O fortunatos nimium, bona fi fua norint, 
" Agricolas!" 
It is but half pofleflion not to underfrand that hap- 
pinefs which wc poflefs : a foundation of good fenfe, 
And a cultivation of learning, are required to give a 



feafoning to retirement, and make us tafte the blef- 
fing. God has bellowed on your lord (hip the firft of 
thefe, and you have bellowed on yourfelf the fecond. 
Eden was not made for beafts, though they were fuf- 
fered to live in it, but for their mailer, who lludied 
God in the works of his creation. Neither could the 
devil have been happy there with all his knowledge, 
for he wanted innocence to make him fo. He brought 
envy, malice, and ambition into paradife, which 
foured to him the fweetnefs of the place. Wherever 
inordinate affections are, it is hell. Such only can 
enjoy the country, who are capable of thinking when 
they are there, and have left their pafiions behind them 
in the town. Then they are prepared for folitude j 
and in that folitude is prepared for them 

" Et fecura quies, et nefcia fallere vita." 
As I began this dedication with a verfe of Virgil, 
fo I conclude it with another. The continuance of 
your health, to enjoy that happinefs which you fo well 
delerve, and which you have provided for yourfelf, is 
the nncere and eameit wilh of 

Your lordlhip's 

mod devoted, and 

mod obedient fervant, 


I 9i 3 



G E O R G I C S- 

the argument; 

The Poet, m the beginning of this Book, propounds 
the general defign of each Georgic : and, after a fo» 
lemn invocation of all the gods who are any way re^ 
lated to his fubjeft, he addrefles himfelf in particu- 
lar to Auguftus, whom he compliments with divi- 
nity ; and after ftrikes into his bufinefs. He fhew* 
the different kinds of tillage proper to different fbils>~ 
traces out the original of agriculture, gives a cata- 
logue of the hufbandman's tools, fpecifies the em- 
ployments peculiar to each feafon, defcribes the 
changes of the weather, with the figns in heaven 
and earth that forebode them. Inftances many of 
the prodigies that happened near the time of Julius 
Caefar's death. And fhuts up all with a fupplica- 
tion to the gods for the fafety of Auguftus, and the 
prefervation of Rome. 

Ty HAT makes a plenteous harveft, when to turn 
The fruitful foil, and. when to low the corn ; 



The care of flieep, of oxen, and of kine ; 

And how to raife on elms the teeming vine ; 

The birth and genius df the frugal bee, 5 

I fing, Maecenas, and I fing to thee. 

Ye Deities ! who fields and plains protect, 
Who rule the feafons, and the year direft ; 
Bacchus and foftering Ceres, Powers divine, 
Who gave us corn for maft, for water wine : 10 

Ye Fawns, propitious to the rural fwains, 
Ye Nymphs that haunt the mountains and the plains, 
Join in my work, and to my numbers bring 
Your needful fuccour, for your gifts I fing. 
And thou, whofe trident ftruck the teeming earth, 15 
And made a paflage for the courier's birth ; 
And thou, for whom the Caean ihore fuftains 
The milky herds, that graze the flowery plains ; 
And thou, the fhepherds tutelary god, 
Leave for a while, O Pan ! thy lov'd abode : 20 

And, if Arcadian fleeces be thy care, 
^From fields and mountains to my fong repair. 
Inventor, Pallas, of the fattening oil, 
Thou founder of the plough and plough-man's toil ; 
And thou, whofe hands the fhroud-like cyprefs ' 

rear ; * 

Come all ye gods and goddefles that wear 
The rural honours, and increafe the year. 
You, who fupply the ground with feeds of grain \ 
And you, who fwell thofe feeds with kindly rain : 
And chiefly thou, whofe undetermin'd ftate 30 

Is yet the bufinefs of the gods debate ; 


refs *J 




Whether in after-times to he declared 
The patron of the world, and Rome's peculiar guard, 
Or o'er the fruits and feafons to prefide, 
And the round circuit of the year to guide ; 3 5 

Powerful of bleflings, which thou ftrew'ft around, 
And with thy goddefs mother's myrtle crown'd. 
Or wilt thou, Caefar, choofe the watery reign, 
To fmooth the furges, and correct the main ? 
Then mariners, in (forms, to thee fhall pray, 40 ' 
Ev'n utmoft Thule ihall thy power obey } 
And Neptune fhall refign the fafces of the fea. 
The watery virgins for thy bed fhall ftrive, 
And Tethys all her waves in dowry give. 
Or wilt thou blefs our fummers with thy rays, - 4.5 
And, feated near the Balance, poife the days > 
Where in the void of heaven a fpace is free, 
Betwixt tfte Scorpion and the Maid, for thee. 
The Scorpion, ready to receive thy laws, 
Yields half his region, and contracts his claws. $0 
Whatever part of heaven thou fhalt obtain, 
For let not hell prefume of fuch a reign ; 
Nor let fo dire a thirft of empire move 
Thy mind, to leave thy kindred gods above. 
Though Greece admires Elyfium's bleft retreat, 55 
Though Proferpine affects her filent feat, 
And, importun'd by Ceres to remove, 
Prefers the fields below to thofe above. 
But thou, propitious Caefar I guide my courfe, 
And, to my bold endeavours, add thy force. 69 




Pity the Poet's and the Ploughman's cares, 
Intereft thy greatnefs in our mean affairs, 
And ufe thyfelf betimes to hear and, grant our 

While yet die fpring is young, while earth unbinds 
Her frozen bofom to the weftern winds ; 65 

While -mountain-mows diflblve againft the fun, 
And ftreams, yet new, from precipices run ; 
Er*n in this early dawning of the year. 
Produce the plough, and yoke the fturdy fleer, 
And goad him till lie groans beneath his toil, 70 

"Till die bright fhare is bury'd in the (oil. 
That crop rewards the greedy peafant's pains. 
Which twice the fun, and twice the cold fuftains, 
And burfts the crowded barns, with more than pro 

mis'd gains. 

But ere we ftir the yet unbroken ground, 75 

The various courfe of feaibns muft be found ; 
The weather, and the fetting of the winds, 
The culture iuiting to the feveral kinds 
Of feeds and plants, and what will thrive and rife* 
And what the genius of the foil denies. 80 

This ground with Bacchus, that with Ceres fuits 5 
That other loads the trees with happy fruits ; 
A fourth with grafs, unbidden, decks the ground : 
Thus Tmolus is with yellow faffron crown'd ; 
India, black ebon and white ivory bears ; 85 

And foft Idume weeps her odorous tears. 
Thus Pontus fends her beaver ftones from far j 
And naked Spaniards temper fteel for war. 




rn. J 


Epirus for th' Elcan chariot breeds 

(In hopes of palms) a race of running feeds. 9* 

This is th* original contract 5 theie the Jaws 

Imposed by Nature, and by Nature's cauie, 

On fundry places, when Deucalion hurl'd 

His mother's entrails on the de&rt world : 

Whence men, a hard laborious kind, were -born. 

Then borrow part of winter for thy corn : 

And early with thy team the glebe in furrows turn. 

That, while the turf lies open and unbound, 

Succeeding funs may bake the mellow ground. 

But if the foil be barren, only fear xoo 

The furface, and but lightly print the fhare, 

When cold Arcturus rifes with the fun : 

Left wicked weeds the corn mould over-run 

In watery foils *, or left the barren fand 

Should fuck the moifture from the thirfty land. 105 

Both theie unhappy (oils the fwain forbears, 

And keeps a fabbath of alternate years : 

That the fpent earth may gather heat again 5 

And, better'd by ceflation, bear the grain. 

A' Iciift, where vetches, pulfe, and tares have ftood, 

Ar.vl frruks of lupines grew (a ftubbom wood), 

Th' eniuing feafon, in return, may bear 

The bearded product of the golden year. 

F' : flax and oats will burn the tender field, 

And fleepy poppies harmful harvefts yield. 115 

B„: Tweet viciflitudes of reft and toil 

Make eafy labour, and renew the foiL 


Yet fprinkle fordid allies all around, 
And load with fattening dung thy fallow ground. 
Thus change of feeds for meagre foils is beft ; no 
And earth manur'd, not idle, though at reft 

Long practice has a fure improvement found. 
With kindled fires to burn the barren ground j 
When the light ftubble, to the flames refign'd, 
Is driven along, and crackles in the wind. 125 

Whether from hence the hollow womb of earth 
Is warnVd with fecret ftrength for better birth ; 
Or, when the latent vice is cur'd by fire, 
Redundant humours through the pores expire $ 
Or that the warmth diftends the chinks, and makes 130 
New breathings, whence new nouriihment (he takes ; 
Or that the heat the gaping ground conftrains, 
New knits the lurface, and new firings the veins, 
Left foaking fhowers Ihould pierce her fecret feat, 
Or freezing Boreas chill her genial heat ; 23 

Or fcorching funs too violently beat. 

Nor is the profit finall, the peafant makes, 
Who fmooths with harrows, or who pounds with rakes 
The crumbling clods : nor Ceres from on high 
Regards his labours with a grudging eye ; 140 

Nor his, who plows acrofs the furrow'd grounds, 
And on the back of earth infli&s new wounds ; 
For he with frequent exercife commands 
TV unwilling foil, and tames the ftubborn lands. 

Ye fwains, invoke the Powers who rule the flty, 
For a moift fummer, and a winter dry : 



•For winter drought rewards the peafant's pain, 
And broods indulgent on the bury'd grain. 
Hence Myfia boafls her harvefts, and the tops 
Of Gargarus admire their happy crops. 150 

When firft the foil receives the fruitful feed, 
Make no delay, but cover it with fpeed : 
So fenc'd from cold j the pliant furrows break, 
Before the furly clod refifts the rake. 
And call the floods from high, to rum amain 15$ 
With pregnant ftreams, to fwell the teeming grain. 
Then when the fiery funs too fiercely play, 
And fhrivel'd herbs on withering ftems decay, 
The wary ploughman, on the mountain's brow, 
TJndams his watery ftores, huge torrents flow ; i6« 
And, rattling down the rocks, large moifture yield, 
Tempering the thirfty fever of the field. 
And left the ftem, too feeble for the freight, 
Should fcarce fuftain the head's unweildy weight, 
Sends in his feeding flocks betimes t' invade 165 

The rifing bulk of the luxuriant blade ; 
Ere yet th* afpiring offspring of the grain 
O'ertops the ridges of the furrow'd plain : 
And drains the ftanding waters, when they yield 
Too large a beverage to the drunken field. l^9 

But moft in autumn, and the fhowery fpring, 
When dubious months uncertain weather bring : 
When fountains open, when impetuous rain 
Swells hafty brooks, and pours upon the plain ; 
When earth with (lime and mud is cover'd o'er, 175 
Or hollow places fpue their watery ftore. 

Vol. V. H Nor 


Nor yet the ploughman, nor the labouring fleer, 

Suftain alone the hazards of the year ; 

But glutton geefe, and the Strymonian crane, 

With foreign, troops, invade the tender grain: i!o 

And towering weeds malignant ihadows yield j 

And fpreading fuccory chokes the riling field r 

The fire of gods and men, with hard decrees, 

Forbids our plenty to be bought with cafe : 

And wills that inouat men, iaur'd to toil, 185 

Should exercife, with pains, the grudging foil. 

Him ft If invented firfl the Alining ihare, 

And whetted human induftry by care : 

Himfelf did handy-crafts and arts ordain, 

Nor iujfer'd floth to rult his active reign. hjc 

Ere this, no peaiant vex'd the peace fnl ground, 

Which only turfs and greens for altars found : 

No fences parted fields, nor marks nor bounds 

DiftinguinVd acres of litigious grounds \ 

But all was common, and the fruitful earth 195 

Was free to give her unexacied binh. 

Jove added venom to the viper's brood, 

And fwell J d, with raging llorm*, the peaceful flood : 

Coromiflton'd hungry wolvca t' infeft the fold* 

And /hook from oaken leaves the liquid gold, a 00 

Removed from human reach the chearful fire, 

And from the rivers bade the wine retire : 

That ftudious need might ufeful arts explore j 

From furrow 1 d fields to reap the foodful ftore t 

And force the veins of chilling flints t' expire 2,05 

The lurking ftedi of their odeftial hxc. 



GEORGIC I. <, 9 

Then firft on feas the hollow'd alder (warn • 
Then Tailors quarter'd heaven, and found a name 
For every fix'd and every wandering ftar : 
The Pleiads, Hyads, and the Northern Car. 210 

Then toils for beafts, and lime for birds were found, 
And deep- mouth 'd dogs did foreft- walks (lirround : 
And cafting-nets were fpread in fhallow brooks, 
Drags in the deep, and baits were hung on hooks. 
Tiitn faws were tooth'd, and founding axes made 
(For wedges firft did yielding wood invade) ; 
And various arts in order did fucceed. 
(Whit cannot tndiefs labour, urg'd by need r) 

T'.r'i Ceres taught, the ground with grain to low, 
And arm'd with iron fharcs the crooked plough, 22c r.ov. Dodonian oaks no more fupply'd 
T:.l;; rr.aft, and trees their foreft- fruit deny'd. 
S r t:i v. as his labour doubled to the fwain, 
Ar.d biaitinz mildews blacken'd all his grain. 
To i'.i thirties chok'd the fields, and kill'd the corn, 
A:. I :. j '.::.: -fry crop cf weeds was borne. 
': . . - inii i-rarTiL-ies, an unbidden crew 

• : . v..-.: r.-tf:-. th' -nh&ppy field fubduc : 

.* -:.':i'.-:':, ar.d d^rctl domineer*, 
A .: . . . - : : • \.v .-. -j. - :y. -v t- the ft car- . i -. '„ 

- : : .-.!•.:'■ :!.. :-.:.d v.ith daily care 
I -.k. : ■•:. -i.-:d •■ .::: ir. ircr. war 
t ' ■ . .- ir.d h^.-rf v. :■ the proud f-c expel] 'd, 
A i ■ . '.- 'a.*:, cifiinc-jr». frighted f;crn trie field • 
I ■_:■-■-.:• . gj. L:t- lop^'c :hLt lhade the p!'u : .:., if ' 
A . :.- . :. s:ivo-: d v.ith vov.i for fruitful ram, 

Hi *■>■ 


Op other crops you may with envy look, 
And make for food the long- abandoned oak. 
Nor nutft we pafs untold what arms they wield. 
Who labour tillage and the furrow'd field t 243 

Without whofe aid the ground her corn denies, 
And nothing can be fown, and nothing rife. 
The crooked plough, the ihare, the towering height 
Of waggons, and the carr*a unweildy weight; 
The fled, the tumbri!, hurdles, and the flail, 245 
The fan of Bacchus, with the flying fail. 
Thefe all muft be prepaid, if ploughmen hope 
The promU'd blehTng of a bounteous crop. 
Young elms with early force in copies bow* 
Pit for the figure of the crooked plough* 
Of eight foot long a fatten T d beam prepare, 
On either fide the hod produce an ear, 
And fink a locket for the Alining fliare. 
Of beech the plough- tail * and the bending yoke ; 
Or fofter linden harden 'd in the imoke. 15c 

I could be long in precepts, but I fear 
So mean a fuhjeft might offend your ear. 
Delve of convenient depth your throttling- floor ■ 
With temperM clay then fill and face it o*er ; 
And let the weighty roller run the round, 260 

To fmooth the furface of th* unequal ground ; 
Left crock M with fummtr heats the flooring flies, 
Or finks, and through the crannies weeds arife. 
For fundry foes the rural realms furround ; , 
The field-moufe builds her gamer under ground, *6$ 




For gather d grain the blind JaKr^jos nwie 

Is grinding mazes vrorfcs her h: : iit= bcJe. 

Iz he How caverns l e ii^ in rsakc aivce. 

The hiiuRg lcrpent, and the tu *...:-£: roai ? 

The corn-devouring wcaiel bene ar-ies, r - c 

And the wife ant her wintry cc« jc:T;ic>. 

Mark well the flowering ahzca is in dx w;cc . 
I: odorous blooms die bearing brsrebes iaai, 
The glebe will anfwer to the iylvan rci^c. 
Great heats will follow, and large crops of grain, i-c 
Bur if a wood of leaves o'ei&adc the nre, 
Such and fo barren will thy harvt:: Se : 
In vain the hind ihall vex the thia&izg-EcvrV 
For empty chaff and ftraw will be thy core. 
Some licep their feed, and fome in cauldrons bcil i : 9 
With vigorous nitre, and with lee? of oil. 
O'er gentle nres ; th* exuberant juice to drain. 
And iVell the flattering hufks with fruitful grain. 
Yet i> not the fuccefs for years auur'd, 
T!n.--jj;h chofen is the Iced, and fuiiy cur'd ; : c ; 

t':.iif the rx-far.t, w it:i his annu.-.I pair., 
K'-Tiev. his choice, and culls the largcft grain. 
'I : ■,.« J.l below, whether bv Nature's curie, 
O. F..*e\ decree, degenerate ltiil to worfe. 
S» the boat's brawn v crew the current ftem, i c 

A r.d. flow advancing, ft niggle v.ith the ltrcam : 
lijt it" they flack their hands, or ceafe to ltrive, 
'1 hen down the flood with headlong hade ihcv d./ c. 

N«»r mull the ploughman left obllrve the ikies. 
When the K>id^, Dragon, and Aicturus life, - * 


Than failors homeward bent, who cut their way 

Through Helle's ftormy ftraits, and oyfter-breeding fea. 

But when Aftrea's balance, hung on high, 

Betwixt the nights and days divides the flcy, 

Then yoke your oxen, fow your winter grain 5 300 

Till cold December comes with driving rain. 

Linfeed and fruitful poppy bury warm, 

In a dry feafon, and prevent the ftorm. 

Sow beans and clover in a rotten foil, 

And millet, rifing from your annual toil : 305 

When with his golden horns, in full career, 

The Bull beats down the barriers of the year ; 

And Argos and the Dog forfake the northern fphere. 

But if your care to wheat alone extend, 
Let Mala with her fitters firfl defcend, 3 1 

And the bright Gnofian diadem downward bend; 
Before you truft in earth your futute hope : 
Or elfe expect a liftlefs lazy crop. 
Some fwains have fown before, but moft have found 
A hufky harveft, from the grudging ground. 315 

Vile vetches would you fow, or lentils lean, 
The growth of Egypt, or the kidney-bean ! 
Begin when the (low Waggoner defcends ; 
Nor ceafe your fowing till mid -winter ends : 
For this, through twelve bright figns Apollo guides 3 ao 
The year, and earth in feveral climes divides. 
Five girdles bind the fkies, the torrid zone 
Glows with the pafling and repafling fun. 
Far on the right and left, th* extremes of heaven, 
To frofts and fnows and bitter blafts are given. 325 




310 {■ 

1; J 

G E O R G I C I. J03 

Betwixt the midft and thefe, the gods aflign'd 
Two habitable feats for human kind : 
And crofs their limits cut a Coping way, 
Which the twelve figns in beauteous order Avay. 
Two poles turn round the globe $ one feen to rife 33a 
O'er Scythian hills, anjl one in Libyan Ikies. 
The firft fublime in heaven, the laft is whirl'd 
Below the regions of the nether world. 
Around our pole the fpiry Dragon glides, 
And like a winding ftream the Bears divides j 33$ 
The Lefs and Greater, who by Fate's decree 
Abhor to dive beneath the fouthern fea ; 
There, as they fay, perpetual night is found 
In filence brooding on th' unhappy ground : 
Or when Aurora leaves our northern fphere, 340 

She lights the downward heaven, and riles there. 
And when on us (he breathes the living Hght, 
Red vefper kindles there the tapers of die night. 
From hence uncertain feafons we may know ; 
And when to reap the grain, and when to fow $ 345 
Or when to fell the furzes $ when 'tis meet 
To fpread the flying canvafs for the fleet. 
Obferve what ftars arife or di&ppear ■, 
And die four quarters of the rolling year. 
But when cold weather, and continued rain) 3 50 

The labouring huiband in his houfe reftrain, 
Let him forccaft his work with timely care, 
Which die is huddled when the Ikies are fair : 
Then let him mark the fheep, or whet the mining 

H4 Or 



Or hollow trees for boats, or number o'er 355 

His facks, or raeafure his increasing ftore j 

Or fliarpen flakes, or head the forks, or twine 

The fallow twigs to rye the ftraggling vine 5 

Or wicker baflcets weave, or air the corn, 

Or grinded grain betwixt two marbles turn. 360 

No laws, divine or human, can reftrain 

From neceflary works the labouring fwain. 

Ev'n holy-days and feafts permiffion yield, 

To float the meadows, or to fence the field, 

To fire the brambles, fnare the birds, and fteep 365 

In wholfome water-falls the woolly fheep. 

And oft the drudging afs is driven, with toil, 

To neighbouring towns with apples and with oil : 

Returning late, and loaden home with gain 

Of barter'd pitch, and hand-mills for the grain. 370 

The lucky days, in each revolving moon, 
For labour choofe : the fifth be fure to (hun : 
That gave the Furies and pale Piuto birth, 
And arm'd, againft the fkies, the fons of earth. 
With mountains piled on mountains, thrice they 
ftrove 375 

To fcale the fteepy battlements of Jove : 
And thrice his lightning and red thunder play'd, 
And their demolifh'd works in ruin laid. 
The feventh is, next the tenth, the bell to join 
Young oxen to the yoke, and plant the vine. 380 

Then, weavers, flretch your (lays upon the weft : 
The ninth is good for travel, bad for theft. 




For (talking cranes to fet the guileful (hare, 

T' inclofe the flags in toils, and hunt the hare. 

With Balearic flings, or Gnofian bow, 415 

To perfecute from far the flying doe. 

Then, when the fleecy ikies new clothe the wood, 

And cakes of ruflling ice came rolling down the flood. 

Now fing we ftormy ftars, when autumn weighs 
The year, and adds to nights, and Shortens days ; 420 
And funs declining fliine with feeble rays : 
What cares muft then attend the toiling fwain ; 
Or when the lowering fpring, with lavifh rain, 
Beats, down the (lender ftem and bearded grain, 
While yet the head is green, or, lightly fwell'd 425 
With milky moifture, overlooks the field ! 
Ev'n when the farmer, now fecure of fear, 
Sends in the fwains to fpoil the finifli*d year : 
Ev'n while the reaper Alls his greedy hands, 
And binds the golden lheaves in brittle bands : 439 
Oft have I feen a fudden ftorm arife, 
From all tlve warring winds that fweep the flcies : 
The heavy harveft from the root is torn, 
And whirled aloft the lighter ftubble borne ; 
With fuch a force the flying rack is driven, 435 

And fuch a winter wears the face of heaven : 
And oft whole fheets defcend of flu icy rain, 
Suck'd by the fpongy clouds from off the main : 
The lofty Ikies at once come pouring down, 
The promised crop and golden labours drown. 449 





The dikes are fiU'd, and with a roaring found 
The rifmg rivers float the nether ground ; 
And rocks the bellowing yoke of boiling feas re- 

The Father of the Gods his glory fhrouds ; 
Involved in tempefts, and a night of clouds, 445 

And from the middle darknefs flawing out, 
By fits he deals his fiery bolts about. 
Earth feels the motions of her angry God, 
Her entrails tremble, and her mountains nod ; 
And flying beafts in forefts fedi abode : 450 

Deep horror feizes every human bread, 
Their pride is humbled, and their fear confefs'd : 
While he from high his rolling thunder throws, 
And fires the mountains with repeated blows : 
The rocks are from their old foundations rent; 455 
The winds redouble, and the rains augment : 
The waves on heaps are dafli'd againft the more. 
And now the woods, and now the billows roar. 

In fear of this, obferve the ftarry figns, 
Where Saturn houfes, and where Hermes joins. 46* 
But firft to heaven thy due devotions pay, 
And annual gifts on Ceres' altars lay. 
When winter's rage abates, when chearful hours 
Awake the fpring, the fpring awakes the flowers. 
On the green turf thy carelefs limbs difpky, 465 

And celebrate the mighty mother's day* 
Tor then the hills with pleafing (hades are crown'd, 
And fleeps ace fwceter on the J&iken ground : 



With milder beams the fun.fecurely mines ; 

Fat are the lambs, and lufcious are the wines. 470 

Let every fwain adore her power divine, 

And milk and honey mix with fparkling wine : 

Let all the choir of clowns attend the fhow, 

In long proceflions, fhouting as they go 5 

Invoking her to blefs their yearly ftores, * 475 

Inviting plenty to their crowded floors. 

Thus in the fpring, and thus in fummer's heat, 

Before the fickles touch the ripening wheat, 

On Ceres call ; and let the labouring hind 

With oaken wreaths his hollow temples bind : 480 

On Ceres let him call, and Ceres praife, 

With uncouth dances, and with country lays. 

And that by certain figns we may prefage 
Or* heats and rains, and wind's impetuous rage, 
The Sovereign of the heavens has fet on high 485 
The moon, to mark the changes of the iky : 
When fouthern blafts fhall ceafe, and when the fwain 
Should near their folds his feeding flocks reftrain. 
Por, ere the rifing winds begin to roar, 
The working feas advance to wafh the more : 490 

Soft whifpers run along the leafy woods, 
And mountains whittle to the murmuring floods : 
Ev'n then the doubtful billows fcarce abftain 
Prom the tofs'd vefTel on the troubled main ; ' 
When crying cormorants forfake the fea, 495 

And, ftretching to the covert, wing their way ; 
When fportful coots run lkimming o'er the ftrand 5 
When watchful herons leave their watery ftand j 

And J 


And mounting upward with erefted flight, 
Gain on the ikies, and foar above the fight. 500 

And oft before tempeftuous winds arife, 
The feeming ftars fall headlong from the dries ; 
And, (hooting through the darknefs, gild the night 
With fweeping glories, and long trails of light : 
And chaff with eddy winds is whirl'd around, 505 
And dancing leaves are lifted from the ground j 
And floating feathers on the waters play. 
But when the winged thunder takes his way 
From the cold north, and eaft and weft engage, 
And at their frontiers meet with equal rage, 51& 

The clouds are crunVd, a glut of gather'd rain 
The hollow ditches Alls, and floats the plain, 
And failors furl their dropping fheets amain. 
Wet weather feldom hurts the moft unwife, 
So plain the figns, fuch prophets are the Ikies : 515 
The wary crane forefees it firft, and fails 
Above the ftorm, and leaves the lowly vales : 
The cow looks up, and from afar can find 
The change of heaven, and fnuffs it in the wind. 
The fwallow {kirns the river's watery face, 51* 

The frogs renew the croaks of their loquacious race. 
The careful ant her fecret ceil forfakes, 
And drags her eggs along the narrow tracks. 
At either horn the rainbow drinks the flood, 
Huge flocks of rifing rooks forfake their food, 515 | 
And, crying, feek the fhelter of the wood. 
Befides, the feveral forts of watery fowls, 
That fwira the feas, of haunt the Handing pools : 





The fwans, that fail along the filver flood, 

And dive with fattening necks to fearch their food, 

Then lave their backs with fprinkling dews in vain, 

And ftem the ftream to meet the promis'd rain. 

The crow, with clamorous cries, the (hower demands, 

And (ingle ftalks along the defart fands. 

The nightly virgin, while her wheel flie plies, 535 

Forefees the ftorms impending in the ikies, 

When iparkling lamps their {puttering light advance r 

And in the fockets oily bubbles dance. 

Then after fhowers, 'tis eafy to defcry 
Returning funs, and a ferener flcy : 540 

The ftars (nine fmarter, and the moon adorns, 
As with unborrowed beams, her fharpen'd horns. 
The filmy gouamer now flits no more, 
Nor halcyons balk on the (hort funny lhore : 
Their litter is not tofs'd by fows unclean, 545 

But a blue droughty mift defcends upon the plain. 
And owls, that mark the fetting-fun, declare 
A ftar-light evening, and a morning fair. 
Towering aloft, avenging Nifus flies, 
While dar'd below the guilty Scylla lies. 550 

Wherever frighted Scylla flies away, 
Swift Nifus follows, and purfues his prey. 
Where injur'd Nifus take* his airy courfe, 
Thence trembling Scylla flies, and fhuns his force. 
This punimment purfues th' unhappy maid, 555 

And thus the purple hair is dearly paid. 
Then, thrice the ravens rend the liquid air, 
And croaking notes proclaim the fettled fair. 


6 £ O R G I C I. in 

Then, round their airy palaces they fly, 

To greet the fun : and feiz'd with fecret joy, 560* 

When ftorms are over-blown, with food repair 

To their foriaken nefts, and callow care. 

Not that I think their breafts with heavenly fouls 

Infpir'd, as man, who deftiny controls ; 

But with the changeful temper of die ikies, 56$; 

As rains condenfe, and funfhine rarifies j 

So turn the fpecies in their alter'd minds, 

ComposM by calms, and difcompos'd by winds. 

From hence proceeds the birds harmonious voice ; 

From hence the cows exult, and friiking lambs rejoice, 

Obferve the daily circle of the fun, 

And the ihort year of each revolving moon : 

By them thou fhalt forefee the following day ; 

Nor mail a ftarry night thy hopes betray. 

When firft the moon appears, if then me fhrouds 57$ 

Her filver crefcent, tipp'd with fable clouds j 

Conclude fhe bodes a tempeft on the main, 

And brews for fields impetuous floods of rain. 

Or if her face with fiery flufliing glow, 

Expe& the rattling winds aloft to blow. 580 

But four nights old, (for that's the fureft fign,) 

With fharpen'd horns if glorious then fhe mine; 

Next day, not only that, but all the moon, 

Trll her revolving race be wholly run, 

Are void of tempefts both by land and fea, 585 

And failors in the port their promis'd vows fhall pay* 

Above the reft, the fun, who never lies, 

Foretels the change of weather in the ikies $ 



For, if he rife unwilling to his race, 

Clouds on his brow, and fpots upon his face ; 599 

Or if through mifts he ihoots his fullen beams, 

Frugal of light, in loofe and ftraggling ftreams : 

Sufpect a drifting day, with fouthern rain, 

Fatal to fruits,' and flocks, and promis'd grain. 

Or if Aurora, with half-open'd eyes, . 595 

And a pale fickly cheek, falute the fkies, 

How (hall the vine, with tender^ leaves, defend 

Her teeming clutters, when the ftorms defcend j 

When ridgy roofs and tiles can fcarce avail 

To bar the ruin of the rattling hail ? 6o* 

But, more than all, the fetting-fun furvey, 

When down the fteep of heaven he drives the day. 

For oft we find him finifhing his race, 

With various colours erring on his face ; 

If fiery red his glowing globe defcends, 6o§. 

High winds and furious terapefts he portends ; 

But if his cheeks are fwoln with livid blue, 

He bodes wet weather by his watery hue ; 

If dufky fpots are vary'd on his brow, 

And ftreak'd with red, a troubled colour fhow ; 6i# 

That fullen mixture fhall at once declare 

Winds, rain, and ftorms, and elemental war. 

What defperate madmen then would venture o'er 

The frith, or haul his cables from the fhore ? 

But if with purple rays he brings the light, 6 1 $ 

And a pure heaven refigns to quiet night, 



G E O R G I C I. 113 

No riling winds, or falling ftorms, are nigh : 

But northern breezes through the foreft fly, 

And drive the rack, and purge the ruffled iky. 

Th' unerring fun by certain flgns declares, 6zo 

What the late ev'n, or early morn prepares : 

And when the fouth projects a ftormy day, 

And when the clearing north will puff the clouds away. 

The fun reveals the fecrets of the Iky 5 
And who dares give the fource of light the lye ? 625 
The change of empires often he declares, 
Fierce tumults, hidden treafons, open wars. 
He firft the fate of Caefar did foretel, 
And pity'd Rome, when Rome in Caefar fell. 
In iron clouds conceal'd the public light ; 630 

And impious mortals fear'd eternal night. 

Nor was the fa& foretold by him alone : 
Nature herfelf flood forth, and feconded the fun. 
Earth, air, and feas, with prodigies were fignM, 
And birds obfcene, and howling dogs divin'd. 635 
What rocks did Etna's bellowing mouth expire 
From her torn entrails 5 and what floods of fire ! 
What clanks were heard, in German Ikies afar, 
Of arms and armies, rufhing to the war ! 
Dire earthquakes rent the folid Alps below, 640 

And from their fummits ftiook th* eternal fnow : 
Pale fpe&res in the clofe of night were feen ; 
And voices heard of more than mortal men. 
In filent groves, dumb flieep and oxen fpoke, 
And ftreams ran backward, and their beds forfook : 645 

Vol. V. I The 


The yawning earth difclos'd th' abyfs of hell i 
The weeping ftatuis did the wars foretel ; 
And holy fweat from brazen idols fell. 
Then rifing in his might, the king of floods 
Rufh'd through the forefts, tore the lofty woods ; 650 
And rolling onward, with a fweepy (way, 
Bore houfes, herds, and labouring hinds away. 
Blood fprang from wells, wolves howi'd in towns by 

And boding vi&ims did the priefts affright. 
Such peals of thunder never pour'd from high, 655 
Nor forky lightnings flafiVd from fuch a fullen iky. 
Red meteors ran acrofs th* ethereal fpace 5 
Stars difappear'd, and comets took their place. 
For this, th'Emathian plains once more were ftrow'd ' 
With Roman bodies, and juft heaven thought good 
To fatten twice thofe fields with Roman blood. 
Then, after length of time, the labouring fwains, 
Who turn the turfs of thofe unhappy plains, 
Shall rufty piles from the plgugh'd furrows take, 
And over empty helmets pafs the rake. 665 

Amaz'd at antique titles on the ftones, 
And mighty relics of gigantic bones. 

Ye home-born deities, of mortal birth ! 
Thou, father Romulus, and mother Earth, 
Goddefs unmov'd ! whofe guardian arms extend 670 
O'er Tufcan Tiber's courfe, and Roman towers defend 3 
With youthful Caefar your joint powers engage, 
Nor hinder him to fave the finking age. 

O! let 



G £ O K G I C I. ,, 5 

O ! let the blood, already fpilt, atone 
For the paft crimes of curft Laomedon ! 675 

Heaven wants thee there j and long the gods, we know, 
Have grudg'd thee, Caefar, to the world below : 
Where fraud and rapine, right and wrong confound j 
Where impious arms from every part refound, 
And monftrous crimes in every fhape are crown'd. 
The peaceful peafant to the wars is preft ; 
The fields lie fallow in inglorious reft r * 

The plain no pafture to the flock affords, 
The crooked fcythes are ftraighten'd into fwords : 
And there Euphrates her foft offspring arms, 685 

And here the Rhine re-bellows with alarms ; 
The neighbouring cities range on feveral fides, *> 

Perfidious Mars long-plighted leagues divides, > 

And o'er the wafted world in triumph rides. j 

So four fierce courfers ftarting to the race, $90 

Scour through the plain, and lengthen every pace : 
Nor reins, nor curbs, nor threatening cries they fear, 
But force along the trembling charioteer. 

\% THE 



G^ 1 





VI ■& 





ote* 1 


o* cV 



r \*. 



" at****" 





Great rather Bacchus ! to my fong repair j 5 

For cluttering grapes are thy peculiar care : 
For thee large bunches load the bending vine, 
And the laft bleflings of the year are thine ; 
To thee his joys the jolly Autumn owes, 
When the fermenting juice the vat o'erflows. 10 

Come ftrip with me, my god, come drench all o'er 
Thy limbs in muft of wine, and drink at every pore. 

Some trees their birth to bounteous Nature owe ; 
For lome without the pains of planting grow. 
With ofiers thus the banks of brooks abound, 15 

Sprung from the watery genius of the ground : 
From the fame principle gray willows come ; 
Herculean poplar, and the tender broom. 
But fome from feeds inclos'd in earth ariie ; 
For thus the maftful chefnut mates the Ikies. 20 

Hence rife the branching beech and vocal oak, 
Where Jove of old oraculoufly fpoke. 
Some from the root a riling wood difclofe ; 
Thus elms, and thus the favage cherry grows : 
Thus the green bay, that binds the poet's brows, 25 
Shoots, and is ftielter'd by the mother's boughs. 

Thcfe ways of planting, Nature did ordain, 
For trees and fhrubs, and all the fylvan reign. 
Others there are, by late experience found : 
Some cut the fhoots, and plant in furrow'd ground ; 30- 
Some cover rooted ftalks in deeper mold : 
Some cloven (lakes, and. (wondrous to behold), 
Their (harpcn'd ends in earth their footing place, 
And the dry poles produce a living race. 

1 3 Some 


Some bow their vines, which, bury'd in the plain, 35 

Their tops in diftant arches rife again. 

Others no root require, the labourer cuts 

Young flips, and in the foil fecurely puts. 

Ev'n'ftumps of olives, bar'd of leaves, and dead, 

Revive, and oft redeem their wither'd head. 40 

*Tis ufual now, an inmate graff to fee 

With infolence invade a foreign tree : 

Thus pears and quinces from the crab-tree come ; 

And thus the ruddy cornel bears the plum. 

Then let the learned gardener mark with care 45 
The kinds of ftocks, and what thofe kinds will bear, 
Explore the nature of each feveral tree ; 
And known, improve with artful induftry ; 
And let no fpot of idle earth be found, 
But cultivate the genius of the ground. 50 

For open Ifmarus will Bacchus pleafe ; 
Taburnus loves the (hade of olive-trees. 

The virtues of the feveral foils I fing. 
Maecenas, now thy needful fuccour bring ! 
O thou ! the better part of my renown, 55 

Infpire thy Poet, and thy Poem crown ; 
Embark with me, while I new tracks explore, 
With flying fails and breezes from the fliore : 
Not that my fong, in fuch a fcanty fpace, 
So large a fubjeft fully can embrace : 60 

Not though I were fupply'd with iron lungs, 
A hundred mouths, fill'd with as many tongues : 
But fteer my vefTel with a fteady hand, 
And coaft along the fliore in fight of land. 



Nor will I tire thy patience with a train 65 

Of preface, or what ancient poets feign. 
The trees, which of themfelves advance in air, 
Are barren kinds, but ftrongly built and fair : 
Becaufe the vigour of the native earth 
Maintains the plant, and makes a manly birth. 70 
Yet thefe, receiving graffs of other kind, 
Or thence tranfplanted, change their favage mind; 
Their wildnefs lofe, and, quitting Nature's part, 
Obey the rules and discipline of art. 
The fame do trees, that, fprung from barren roots 75 
In open fields, tranfplanted bear their fruits. 
For where they grow, the native energy 
Turns all into the fubftance of the tree, 
Starves and deftroys the fruit, is only made 
For brawny bulk, and for a barren fhade. 80 

The plant that moots from feed, a fullen tree 
At leifure grows, for late pofterity j 
The generous flavour loft, the fruits decay, 
And favage grapes are made the birds ignoble prey. 
Much labour is required in trees, to tame 85 

Their wild diforder, and in ranks reclaim. 
Well muft the ground be digg'd, and better drefs'd, 
New foil to make, and meliorate the reft. 
Old ftakes of olive-trees in plants revive ; 
By the fame methods Paphian myrtles live : 
But nobler vines by propagation thrive. 
From roots hard hazles, and from cyons rife 
Tall am, and taller oak that mates the Ikies : 

1 4 Palm, 



Palm, poplar, fir, defending from the deep 
Of hills, to try the dangers of the deep. 95 

The thin-leav'd arbute, hazle-grafFs receives, 
And planes huge apples bear, that bore but leaves. 
Thus maftful beech the briftly chefnut bears, 
And the wild afh is white with blooming pears, 
And greedy fwine from grafted elms are fed 100 

With falling acorns, that on oaks are bred. 

But various are the ways to change the ftate 
Of plants, to bud, to graff, t' inoculate. 
For where the tender rinds of trees difclofe 
Their mooting gems, a fwelling knot there grows 5 ,105 
Juft in that fpace a narrow flit we make, 
Then other buds from bearing trees we take : 
Inferted thus, the wounded rind we clofe, 
In whofe moift womb th*' admitted infant grows. 
But when the fmoother bole from knots is free, x 10 
We make a deep incifion in the tree ; 
And in the folid wood the flip inclofe, 
The battening baftard fhoots again and grows ; 
And in fhort fpace the laden boughs arife, 
With happy fruit advancing to the fkies. 1 1 5 

The mother-plant admires the leaves unknown 
Of alien trees, and apples not her own. 

Of vegetable woods are various kinds, 
And the fame fpecies are of feveral minds. 
Lotes, willows, elms, have different forms allow'd, 120 
So funeral cyprefs rifing like a fhrowd. 
Fat olive-trees of fundry forts appear, 
Of fundry fliapes their un&uous berries bear. 

4 ' Radii 

G E O R G I C II. 121 

Radii long olives, Orchites round produce, 

And bitter Paufia, pounded for the juice, 125 

Alcinoiis' orchard various apples bears : 

Unlike are bergamotes and pounder pears. 

Nor our Italian vines produce the ihape, 

Or tafte, or flavour of the Lefbian grape. 

The Thafian vines in richer foils abound, 130 

The Mereotique grow in barren ground. 

The Pfythian grape we dry : Lagaean juice 

Will ftammering tongues and ftaggering feet produce. 

Rathe ripe are fome, and fome of later kind 

Of golden fome, and fome of purple rind. 135 

How (hall I praife the Raethean grape divine, 

Which yet contends not with Falernian wine ! 

Th* Aminean many a confulfhip furvives, 

And longer than the Lydian vintage lives, 

Or high Phanaeus king of Chian growth : 140 

But for large quantities and lading both, 

The lefs Argitis bears the prize away. 

The Rhodian, facred to the folemn day, 

In fecond fervices is pour'd'to Jove ; 

And beft accepted by the gods above. 145 

Nor muft Bumaftus his old honours loft, 

In length and largenefs like the dugs of cows. 

I pafs the reft, whofe every race and name, 

And kinds, arc lefs material to my theme.' 

Which who would learn, as foon may tell the fands, 1 50 

Driven by the weftern wind on Lybian lands ; 

Or number, when the bluftering Eurus roars, 

The billows beating on Ionian ihores. 

6 Nor 


Nor every plant on every foil will grow : 
The fallow lores the watery ground, and low ; 151 
The marines, alders ; Nature feems f ordain 
The rocky cliff for the wild aflTs reign ; 
The baleful yeugh to northern blafts affigns; 
To fliores the myrtles, and to mounts the vines. 

Regard th' extremeft cultivated coaft, i6< 

From hot Arabia to the Scythian froft : 
All (brts of trees their feveral countries know ; *} 
Black ebon only will in India grow ; \ 

And odorous frankincenfe on the Sabaean bough, J 
Bsim (lowly trickles through the bleeding veins 1 6 ; 
Of happy (hrubs, in Idunuean plains. 
The green Egyptian thorn, for medicine good ; 
With Ethiops hoary trees and wooly wood, 
Let others tell : and how the Seres fpin 
Their fleecy foreffs in a (lender twine. 1 7< 

With mighty trunks of trees on Indian mores, 
Whofe height above the feathered arrow foars, 
Shot from the tougheft bow ; and by the braw n 
Of expert archers with vaft vigour drawn, 
Sharp-taftcd citrons Median climes produce : 171 

Bitter the rind, but generous is the juice : 
A cordial fruit, a prefent antidote 
Againft the direful ftepdame's deadly draught : 
Who, mixing wicked weeds with words impure, 
The fate of envy'd orphans would procure. 1 8< 

Large is the plant, and like a laurel grows, 
And did it not a different fcent difclofe, 

A laure 

G E O R G I C II. i2 5 

A laurel were : the fragrant flowers contemn 

The ftorroy winds, tenacious of their ftem. 

With this the Medes to labouring age bequeath 185. 

New lungs, and cure the fournefs of the breath. 

But neither Median woods (a plenteous land), 
Fair Ganges, Hermus rolling golden fand, 
Nor Ba&ria, nor the richer Indian fields, 
Nor all the gummy ftores Arabia yields 5 19a 

Nor any foreign earth of greater name, 
Can with fweet Italy contend in fame. 
No bulls, whofe noflrils breathe a living flame, 
Have turn'd our turf, no teeth of ferpents here 
Were fown, an armed hoft, an iron crop to bear. 195 
But fruitful vines, and the fat olives freight, 
And harvefts heavy with their fruitful weight, 
Adorn our fields ; and on, the chearful green, 
The grazing flocks and lowing herds are feen. 
The warrior horfe, here bred, is taught to train : 200 
There flows Clitumnus through the flowery plain ; 
Whofc waves, for triumphs after profperous war, 
The victim ox and fnowy fheep prepare. 
Perpetual fpring our happy climate fees"; 
Twice breed the cattle, and twice bear the trees ; 205 
And fummer funs recede by flow degrees. 

Our land is from the rage of tigers freed. 
Nor nourifhes the lion's angry feed ; 
Nor poifonous aconite is here produq'd, 
Or grows unknown, or is, when known, refus'd. »iq 
Nor in fo vaft a length our ferpents glide, \ 
Or rais'd on fuch a fpiry volume ride. 





Next add our cities of illuftrious name, 
Their coftly labour, and ftupendous frame : 
Our forts on fteepy hills, that far below 2 1 5 

See wanton ftreams in winding valleys flow. 
Our two-fold feas, that, warning either fide, 
A rich recruit of foreign ftores provide. 
Our fpacious lakes ; thee, Larius, firft ; and next 
Benacus, with tempeftuous billows vext. 220 

Or (hall I praife thy ports, or mention make 
Of the vaft mound that binds the Lucrine lake ; 
Or the difdainful fea, that, fhut from thence, 
Roars round the ftru&ure, and invades the fence ; 
There, where fecure the Julian waters glide, 225 

Or where A vermis' jaws admit the Tyrrhene tide ? 
Our quarries deep in earth, were fam'd of old 
For veins of filver, and for ore of gold. 
Th* inhabitants themfelves their country grace ; 
Hence rofe the Marfian and Sabellian race : 230 

Strong-limb'd and ftout, and to the wars inclin'd. 
And hard Ligurians, a laborious kind. 
And Volfcians, arm'd with iron-headed darts, 
Befides an offspring of undaunted hearts, 
The Decii, Marii, great Camillus came 235 

From hence, and greater Scipio's double name : 
And mighty Caefar, whofe victorious arms 
To fartheft Afia carry fierce alarms : 
Avert unwarlike Indians from his Rome ; 
Triumph abroad, fecure our peace at home. 24c 

Hail, fweet Saturniah foil ! of fruitful grain 
Great Parent, greater of illuftrious men, 



Then feek Tarentum's lawns and fartheft coaft, 

Or fuch a field as haplefs Mantua loft : 

Where filver fwans fail down the watery road, 

And graze the floating herbage of the flood, 275 

There cryftal ftreams perpetual tenour keep, 

Nor food nor fprings are wanting to thy fheep. 

For what the day devours, the nightly dew 

Shall to the morn in pearly drops renew. 

Fat crumbling earth is fitter for the plough, 280 

Putrid and loofe above, and black below ; 

For ploughing is an imitative toil, 

Refembling nature, in an eafy foil. 

No land for feed like this, no fields afford 

So large an income to the village lord ! 28 § 

No toiling teams from harveft-labour come 

So late at night, fo heavy laden home. 

The like of foreft land is underftood, 

From whence the furly ploughman grubs the wood, 

Which had for length of ages idle ftood. 290 

Then birds forfake the ruins of their feat, 

And flying from their nefts their callow young forget. 

The coarfe lean gravel on the mountain fides, 

Scarce dewy beverage for the bees provides : 

Nor chalk nor crumbling ftones, the food of fnakes, 

That work in hollow earth their winding tracks. 

The foil exhaling clouds of fubtle dews, 

Imbibing moifture which with eafe fhe fpews : 

Which rufts not iron, and whofe mould is clean, 

Well cloath'd with chearful grafs, and ever green, 



O E O R G I C II. 127 

Is good for olives, and afpiring vines, 
Embracing hufband elms, in amorous twines ! 
Is fit for feeding cattle, fit to fow, 
And equal to the pafture and the plough. 

Such is the foil of fat Campanian fields, 305 

Such large increafe the land that joins Vefuvius yields; 
And fuch a country could Acerra boaft, 
Till Clanius overnW'd th' unhappy coaft. 
I teach thee next the differing foils to know ; 
The light for vines, the heavier for the plough. 310 
Choofe firft a place for fuch a purpofe fit, 
There dig the folid earth, and fink a pit. 
Next fill the hole with its own earth again, 
And trample with thy feet, and tread it in ; 
Then if it rife not to the former height 315 

Of fuperfice, conclude that foil is light : 
A proper ground for paflurage and vines. 
But if the fullen earth, fo prefsM, repines, 
Within its native manfion to retire, 
And flays without, a heap of heavy mire ; 320 

'Tis good for arable, a glebe that afks 
Tough teams of oxen, and laborious talks. 

Salt earth and bitter are not fit to fow, 
Nor will be tam'd and mended by the plough. 
Sweet grapes degenerate there, and fruits declin'd 
From their firft flavorous tafte, renounce their kind. 
This truth by fure experiment is try'd : 
For firft an ofier colander provide 
Of twigs thick wrought (fuch toiling peafants twine, 
When through ftrait paflages they ftrain their wine) ; 
a In 


In this clofe veffel place that earth accurs'd, 

But fill'd brimful with wholfome water firft : 

Then run it through, the drops will rope around, 

And by the bitter tafte difclofe the ground. 

The fatter earth by handling we may find, 335 

With eafe diftinguifiYd from the meagre kind s 

Poor foil will crumble into duft, the rich 

Will to the fingers cleave like clammy pitch : 

Moift earth produces corn and grafs, but both 

Too rank and too luxuriant in their growth. 340 

Let not my land fo large a promife boaft, 

Left the lank ears in length of ftem be loft. 

The heavier earth is by her weight betray'd, 

The lighter in the poiflng hand is weigh'd : 

'Tis eafy to diftinguifh by the fight, 34.5 

The colour of the foil, and black from white. 

But the cold ground is difficult to know, 

Yet this the plants, that profper there, will Ihow; 

Black ivy, pitch trees, and the baleful yeugh. 

Thefe rules confider'd well, with early care 350 

The vineyard deftin'd for thy vines prepare : 

But, long before the planting, dig the ground, 

With furrows deep that caft a rifing mound : 

The clods, expos 'd to winter winds, will bake ; 

For putrid earth will beft in vineyards take, 355 

And hoary frofts, after the painful toil 

Of delving hinds, will rot the mellow foil. 

Some peafants, not V omit the niceft care, 
Of the fame foil their nurfery prepare, 



G E O R G I C II. 129 

With that of their plantation j left the tree' 360 

Tranflated, mould not with the foil agree. 

Befide, to plant it as it was^ they mark 

The heav'n's four quarters on the tender bark ; 

And to the north or fouth reftore the fide, 

Which at their birth did heat or cold abide. 365 

So ftrong is cuftom, fuch effects can ufe 

In tender fouls of pliant' plants produce. 

Choofe next a province Tor thy vineyard's reign, 
On hills above, or on the lowly plain : 
If fertile fields or vallies be thy choice, 370 

Plant thick, for bounteous Bacchus will rejoice 
In clofe plantations there. But if the vine 
On rifing ground be plac'd, or hills fupine, 
Extend thy loofe battalions largely wide, 
Opening thy ranks and files on either fide : 375 . 

But marflial'd all in order as they ftand, 
And let no foldier ftraggle from his band. 
As legions in the field their front difplay, 
To try the fortune of fome doubtful day. 
And move to meet their foes with fober pace, 38* 
Stri6k to their figure, though in wider fpace j 
Before the battle joins ; while from afar 
The field yet glitters with the pomp of war, 
And equal Mars like an impartial lord, 
Leaves all to fortune, and the dint of fword j 385 
So let thy vines in intervals be fet, 
But not their rural difcipline forget : 
Indulge their width, and add a roomy fpace, 
That their extremeft lines may fcarce embrace : 
Vol V. K Nor 



Nor tliis alone V indulge a vain delight, 390 

And make a pleaiing profpeft for the fight : 
But for the ground itfelf, this only way 
Can equal vigour to the plants convey $ 
Which, crowded, want the room their, branches to 

How deep they muft be planted, would'ft thou know r 
In fhailow furrows vines fecurely grow. 
Not fo the reft of plants ; for Jove's own tree, 
That holds the woods in awful foyereignty, 
Requires a depth of lodging in the ground ; 
And, next the lower ikies, a bed profound : 400 

High as his topmaft boughs to heaven afcend, 
So low his roots to hell's dominion tend. 
Therefore, nor winds, nor winter's rage overthrows 
His bulky body, but unmov'd he grows. 
For length of ages lads his happy reign, 405 

And live3 of mortal man contend in vain. 
Full in the midft of his own ftrength he (lands 
Stretching his brawny arms, and leafy hands 
His (hade protects the plains, his head the hills 

The hurtful hazle in thy vineyard (hun $ 410 

Nor plant it to receive the fetting fun : 
Nor break the topmoft branches from the tree ; 
Nor prune, with blunted knife, the progeny. 
Root up wild olives from thy labour'd lands : 
For fparkling fire, from hinds unwary hands, 415 
Is often fcatter'd o'er their un&uous rinds, 
And after fjpread abroad by raging winds. 

1 For 

s com- I 

G £ O R G I C 1L , Jf 

firft the (mouldering flame the trunk receives, 

.Tiding thence, it crackles in the leaves ; 

ength victorious to the top aipires, 4-0 

Iving all the wood in (rooky fires, 

-noft, when driven by winds, the flamicg Aons 

ic long files deilroys the beauteous form. 

hes then th* unhappy vineyard lies, 

will the blafted plants from ruin rife : 4:5 

will the withered ftock be green again, 

the wild olive fhoots, and Jhadcs th~ ungrateful 

n: fedue'd with wifdom's empty fbow?, 
tir the peaceful ground when Boreas b!a*n. 
n winter frofts conftrain die field with ootd, 439 
fainty root can take no fteady hold. 
when the golden fpring reveals the rear, 
the white bird returns, whom ferpents for ; 
: fcafon deem the beft to plant thy vines, 
that, is when autumnal warmth dedixxs ; 43 5 
near is quite decay *d, or cold begun, 
**; ricorn admits the winter fun. 
..•j fpring adoms the woods, renew; the leaves, 
worr.h of earth the genial feed receives. 
!cn Almightv Jove defcends, and po-jrs 44^ 

•:•- buxom brif'e his fruitful fhower* ; 
, nvxinir his large limbs with hers, he feeds 
; #irtii with kindly juice, and fofters teeming feeds. 
r. joyous birds frequent the lonely £Tove, 
bcifls, by nature flung, renew their love. **$ 
K % The* 




Then fields the blades of bury'd corn difclofe, 

And 9 while the balmy weftern fpirit blows, 

Earth to the breath her bofom dares expofc. 

With kindly moifture then the plants abound, 

The grafs fecurely fprings above the ground ; 450 

The tender twig (hoots upward to the ikies, 

And on the faith of the new fun relies. 

The fwerving vines on the tall elms prevail 

Unhurt by fouthern ihowers or northern hail. 

They fpread their gems the genial warmth to (hare, 455 

And boldly truft the buds in open air. 

In this foft feafon (let me dare to fing) 

The world was hatch'd by heaven's imperial king * 

In prime of all the year, and holy-days of lpring. 

Then did the new creation firft appear ; 460 

Nor other was the tenour of the year : 

When laughing heaven did the great birth attend, 

And eaftern winds their wintery breath fufpends 

Then fheep firft faw the fun in open fields 5 

And iavage beads were fent to flock the wilds : 465 

And golden ftars flew up to light the ikies, 

And man's rclentlefs race from ftony quarries rife. 

Nor could the tender, new creation, bear 

Th' excelfive heats or coldnefs of the year $ 

But, chill'd by winter, or by fummer fiVd, 470 

The middle temper of the fpring requir'd. 

When warmth and moifture did at once abound, 

And heaven's indulgence brooded on the ground. 

For what remains, in depth of earth fecure 
Thy cover'd plants, and dung with hot manure $ 475 



6 £ O R O I C II. 133 

And (hells and gravel in the ground inclofe ; 

For through their hollow chinks the water flows : 

Which, thus imbib'd, returns in mifty dews, 

And, (learning up, the riling plant renews. 

Some hufbandmen, of late, have found the way, 480 ' 

A hilly heap of (tones above to lay, 

And prefs the plants with (hreds of potters clay. 

This fence againft immoderate rain they found : 

Or when the Dog-ftar cleaves the thirfty ground. 

Be mindful, when thou haft entomb'd the (hoot, 4.85 

With ftore of earth around to feed the root ; 

With iron teeth of rakes and prongs to move 

The crufted earth, and loofen it above. 

Then exercife thy fturdy fteers to plough 

Betwixt thy vines, and teach the feeble row 490 

To mount on reeds and wands, and, upward led, 

On a(hen poles to raife their forky head. 

On thefe new crutches let them learn to walk, 

Till, fwerving upwards, with a ftronger (talk, 

They brave the winds, and, clinging to their guide, 

On tops of elms at length triumphant ride. 

But in their tender nonage, while they fpread 

Their fpringing leafs, and lift their infant head, 

And upward while they (hoot in open air, 

Indulge their childhood, and the nurfeling (pare. 50* 

Nor exercife thy rage on new-born life, 

But let thy hand fupply the pruning-knife ; 

And crop luxuriant (tragglexs, nor be loth 

To (hip the branches of their leafy growth : 

K 3 But 


But when the rooted vines, with fleady hold, 505 

Can clafp their elms, then, husbandmen, be bold 

To lop the difobcdient boughs, that ftray'd 

Beyond their ranks : let crooked fteel invade 

The lawlefs troops, which difcipline difclaim, 

And their fuperfluous growth with rigour tame. 510 

Next, fenc'd with hedges and deep ditches round, 

Exclude th* encroaching cattle from thy ground, 

While yet the tender germs but juft appear, 

Unable to fuftain th* uncertain year ; 

Whofe leaves are not alone foul winter's prey, 515 

But oft by fummer funs are fcorch'd away j 

And, worfe than both, become th* unworthy browfe, ' 

Of buffalos, fait goats, and hungry cows. 

For not December's ftoft that burns the boughs, 

Nor Dog-days parching heat that fplits the rocks, 

Are half fo "harmful as the greedy flocks j 

Their venom'd bite, and fears indented on the 


For this the malefactor goat was laid 
On Bacchus* altar, and his forfeit paid. 
At Athens thus old comedy began, 525 

When round the ftreets the reeling actors ran j 
In country villages, and crofling ways, 
Contending for the prizes of their plays : 
And glad, with Bacchus, on the graffy foil, 
Leapt o'er the (kins of goats befmear'd with oil. £30 
Thus Roman youth, derivM from ruin'd Troy, 
In rude Saturaian. rhymes exprefs their joy : 




G E O R G I C II. t 3S 

With taunts, and laughter loud, their audience pleafe, 

Defornfd with vizards, cut from barks of trees : 

In jolly hymns they praife the God of wine, 535 

Whofe earthen images adorn the pine ; 

And there are hung on high, in honour of the vine : 

A madnefs fo devout the vineyard fills, 

In hollow vallies and on rifing hills j 

On whate'er fide he turns his honeft face, 540 

And dances in the wind, thofe fields are in his grace. 

To Bacchus therefore let us tune our lays, 

And in our mother tongue refound his praife. 

Thin cakes in chargers, and a guilty goat, 

Dragg'd by the horns, be to his altars brought ; 545 

Whole offer'd entrails fhall his crime reproach, 

And drip their fatnefs from the hazie broach. 

To drefs thy vines new labour is requir'd, 

Nor mud the painful hufbandman be tir'd : 

For thrice, at leaft, in compafs of a year, 5 50 

Thy vineyard muft employ the fturdy fteer, 

To turn the glebe j befides thy daily pain 

To break the clods, and make the furface plain : 

T* unload the branches, or the leaves 'to thin, 

That fuck the vital moifture of the vine. 555 

Tnus in a' circle runs the peafant's pain, 

And the year rolls within itfelf again. 

Ev'n id the loweft months, when ftorms have fhed 

From vines the hairy honours of their head, 

Not theri the drudging hirid his labour ends, 560 

But to the coming year his care extends ; 

K* 4 Ev'n 


Ev'n then the naked vine he persecutes j 

His pruning-knife at once reforms and cuts. 

Be firft to dig the ground, be firft to burn 

The branches lopt, and firft the props return 565 

Into thy houfe, that bore the burden'd vines j 

But laft to reap the vintage of thy wines. 

Twice in the year luxuriant leaves o'erfliade 

Xh* incumber'd vine ; rough brambles twice invade ? 

Hard labour both ! commend the large excefs 570 

Of fpacious vineyards; cultivate the lefs. 

Befides, in woods the fhrubs of prickly thorn. 

Sallows and reeds, on banks of rivers born, 

Remain to cut ; for vineyards ufeful found, 

To ftay thy vines, and fence thy fruitful ground. 

Nor when thy tender trees at length are bound; 

When peaceful vines from.pruning-hooks are free, 

When huibands have furvey'd the laft degree, 

And utmoft files of plants, and orderM every tree; 

Ev'n when they fing at eafe in full content, 5 So 

Infulting o'er the toils they underwent ; 

Yet ftill they find a future talk remain ; 

To turn the foil, and break the clods again : 

And after all, their joys are unfincere, 

While falling rains on ripening grapes they fear. 5S5 

Quite oppofite to thefe are olives found, 

No drefling they require, and dread no wound ; 

No rakes nor harrows need, but fix'd below, 

Rejoice in open air, and unconcernedly grow. 

The foil itfelf due nourishment fupplies : 590 

Plough but the furrows, and the fruits arife : 



G E O R G I C II. m 37 

Content with fmall endeavours till they fpring, 
Soft peace they figure, and fweet plenty bring : 
Then olives plant, and hymns to Pallas ring. 

Thus apple-trees, whofe trunks are ftrong to bear 
Their fpreading boughs, exert themfelves in air ; 
Want no fupply, but ftand fecure alone, 
Not trufting foreign forces, but their own ; 
Till with the ruddy freight the bending branches 

Thus trees of nature, and each common bufh, 600 
Uncultivated thrive, and with red berries blufh ; • 
Vile fhrubs are morn for browfe : the towering height 
Of unctuous trees are torches for the night. 
And (hall we doubt (indulging eafy floth) 
To fow, to fet, and to reform their growth ? 605 

To leave the'lofty plants ; the lowly kind 
Are for the fhepherd or the fheep defign'd. 
"Ev'n humble broom and ofiers ha\je their ufe, . 
And made for fheep, and food for flocks, produce ; 
Hedges for eorn, and honey for the bees : 610 

Befides the pleafing profpeft of the trees. 
How goodly looks Cytorus, ever green 
With boxen groves ! with what delight are feen 
"Narycian woods of pitch, whofe gloomy (hade 
Seems for retreat of heavenly Mufes made! 615 

But much more pleafing are thofe fields to fee. 
That need not ploughs, nor human induftry. 
Ev'n old Caucafean rocks with trees are fpread, 
And wear green forefts on their hilly head. 




Though bending from the blaft of eaftern ftorms, 6%9 
Though fhent their leaves, and matter' d are their arms ; 
Yet heaven their various plants for ufe defigns : 
For houfes cedars, and for fhipping pines. 
Cyprefs provides for fpokes, and wheels of wains : 
And all for keels of fhips that fcour the watery plains. 
Willows in twigs are fruitful, elms in leaves ; 
The war from ftubborn myrtle (hafts receives : 
From cornels javelins; and the tougher yeugh 
Receives the bending figure of a bow. 
Nor box, nor Hmes, without their ufe are made, 
Smooth grain'd, and proper for the turner's trade 5 
Which curious hands may carve, and fteel with eafe 


•tight alder items thePo's impetuous tide^ 
And bees in hollow oaks their honey hide. 
Now balance, with thefe gifts the fumy joys 635 

Of wine, attended with eternal noife. 
Wine urg'&to lawlefs luft the Centaurs train, 
*fnxough wine they quarrel'd, and through wine were 

O happy, if he knew his happy ftate ! 
The fwain, who, free from bufinefs and debate 640 
Receives his eafy food from Nature's hand, 
And juft returns of cultivated land ! 
No palace, with a lofty gate, he wants, 
T* admit the tides of early vi fit ants, 
With eager eyes devouring, as they pafs, 645 

The breathing figures of Corinthian brafs; 


G E O ft G I C II. i3* 

No ftatues threaten from high pedeftals j 

No Perfian arras hides his homely walls, 

With antic vefts ; which, through their fhady fold, 

Betray the ftreaks of ill-diffembled gold. 650 

He boafts no wool, whofe native white is dy'd % 

With pui*ple poifon of Affyrian pride. 

No coftly drugs of Araby defile, 

With foreign fcents the fweetriefs of his oil. 

But eafy quiet, a fecure retreat, 655 

A harmlefs life that knows not how to cheat, 

With home-bred plenty the rich owner blefs, 

And rural pleafures crown his happinefs. 

Unvex'd with quarrels, undifturb'd with noife, 

The country king his peaceful realm enjoys : 660 

Cool grots, and living lakes, the flowery pride 

Of meads, and ftreams that through the valley glide j 

And fhady groves that eafy fleep invite, 

And after toilfome days, a foft repofe at night. 

Wild beafte of nature in his woods abound ; 66$ 

And youth, of labour patient, plough the ground, 

Inur'd to hardflrip, and to homery fare, 

Nor venerable age is wanting there, 

In great examples to the youthful- tram : 

Nor are the gods ador'd with rites- profane. £7$ 

From hence Aftrea took her flight, and here 

The print* of her departing fteps appear. 

Ye facred Mufes, with whofe beauty firM, 
My foul is-WYifiVd, and my braiw infpirM ; 
Whofe prieft I am, whofe holy fiHters wear, df5 

Would you your Poet's firfl petition hear j 



Give me the ways of wandering (tars to know : 
The depths of heaven above, and earth below. 
Teach me the various labours of the moon, 
And whence proceed th' eclipfes of the fun. 680 

, Why flowing tides prevail upon the main, 
And in what dark recefs they fhrink again. 
What {hakes the folid earth, what caufe delays 
The fummer nights, and fhortens winter days. 
But if my heavy blood reftrain the flight 685 

Of my free foul, afpiring to the height 
Of nature and unclouded fields of light ; 
My next defire is, void of care and ftrife, 
To lead a foft, fecure, inglorious life. 
A cbuntry cottage near a cryftal flood, 690 

A winding valley, and a lofty wood. 
Some god conduit me to the facred (hades, 
Where bacchanals are fung by Spartan maids, 
Or lift me high to Hemus* hilly crown ; 
Or in the plains of Tempe lay me down : 695 

Or lead me to fome folitary place, 
And cover my retreat from human race. 

Happy the man, who, ftudying Nature's laws, 
Through known e£fe£ts can trace the fecret caufe. 
His mind poiTefling in a quiet ftate, 700 

Fearlefs of Fortune, and refign' Fate. 
And happy too is he, who decks the bowers 
Of fylvans, and adores the rural powers : 
Whofe mind, unmov'd the bribes of courts can fee ; , 
Their glittering baits and purple (lavery. 705 




G E O R G I C IL. 141 

Nor hopes the people's praife, not fears their frown, ' 
Nor, when contending kindred tear the crown, 
Will fet up one, or pull another down. 

Without concern he hears, but hears from far, 
Of tumults, and defcents, and diftant war : 71^ 

Nor with a fuperftitious fear is aw'd, 
For what befals at home, or what abroad; 
Nor envies he the rich their heapy flore, 
Nor his own peace difturbs, with pity for the poor. 
He feeds on fruits, which, of their own accord, 715 
The willing ground and laden trees afford. 
From his lov'd home no lucre him can draw 5 
The Senate's mad decrees he never faw ; 
Nor heard, at bawling bars, corrupted law. 
Some to the feas and fome to camps refort, 720* 

And fome with impudence invade the court- 
In foreign countries others feek renown ; 
With wars and taxes others wafte their own, 
And houfes burn, and houfliold gods deface, 
To drink in bowls which glittering gems enchafe : 725 
To loll on couches, rich with Cytron fteds, 
And lay their guilty limbs on Tyrian beds, 
This wretch in earth intombs his golden ore, 
Hovering and brooding oh his bury'd ftore. 
Some patriot fools to popular praife afpire, 730 

Of public fpeeches, which worfe fools admire. 
While from both benches, with redoubled founds, 
Th' applaufe of lords and commoners abounds. 
Some through ambition, . or through third of gold, 
Have (lain their brothers, or their country fold ; 735 




And leaving their fweet homes, in exile run 
To lands that lie beneath another fun. 

The peafant, innocent of all thefe ills, 
With crooked ploughs the fertile fallows tills 5 
And the round year with daily labour fills. 740 
And hence the country- markets are fupply'd : 
Enough remains for houfhold charge befide ; 
His wife and tender children to fuftain, 
And gratefully to feed his dumb deferving train. 
Nor ceafe his labours, till the yellow field 745 

A full return of bearded harveft yield 5 
A crop fo plenteous as the land to load, 
0*ercome the crowded barns, and lodge on ricks abroad. 
Thus every feveral feafon is employ'd : 
Some fpent in toil, and fome in eafe enjoy'd. 750 

The yeaning ewes prevent the fpringing year 5 
The laded boughs their fruits in autumn bear : 
'Tis then the vine her liquid harveft yields, 
BakM in the fun-mine of afcending fields. 
The winter comes, and then the falling maft 755 

For greedy fwine provides a full repaft. 
Then olive*, ground in mills, their fatnefs boaft, 
And winter fruits are mellow'd by the froft. 
His cares are eas'd with intervals of blifs ; 
His little children climbing for a kifs, 760 

Welcome their father's late return at night ; 
His faithful bed is crown'd with chafte del'ight. 
His kine, with fvvelling udders, ready (rand, 
And, lowing for th« pail, invite the milker's hand. 



G E O R G I C II. 143 

His wanton kids, with budding horns prepared, 765 

Fight harmlefs battles in his homely yard : 

Himfelf in ruftic pomp, on holidays, 

To rural Powers a juft oblation pays ; 

And on the green his carelefs limbs difplays. 

The hearth is in the midft ; the herdfmen, round 770 

The chearful fire, provoke his health in goblets crown'd 

He calls on^ Bacchus, and propounds the prize; 

The groom his fellow-groom at buts defies ; 

And bends his bows, and levels with his eyes. 

Or, ftript for wreftling, fmears his limbs with oil, 77$ 

And watches with a trip his foe to foil. 

Such was the Kfe the frugal Sabines led ; 

So Remus and his brother god were bred i 

From whom th* auftere Etrurian virtue rofe, 

And this rude life our homely fathers chofe. 780 

Old Rome from fuch a race deriv'd her birth, 

(The feat of empire, and the conquer'd earth j). 

Which now on feven high hills triumphant reigns, 

And in that compafs all the world contains. 

Ere Saturn's rebel fon ufurp'd the fkies, 785 

When beafts were only (lain for facrifice ; 

While peaceful Crete enjoy'd her ancient lord, 

Ere founding hammers forg'd th' inhuman fword : 

Ere hollow drums were beat, before the breath 

Of brazen trumpets rung the peals of death $ 734 

The good old god his hunger did affwage 

With roots and herbs, and gave the golden age ; 

But, over-labour'd with (6 long a courfe, 

'Tis time to fet at eafe the fmoking horfe. 




O F T H E 



This Book begins with the invocation of fome rural 
Deities, and a compliment to Auguflus : after which 
Virgil directs himfelf to Maecenas, and enters on his 
fubjeft. He lays down rules for the breeding and 
management of horfes, oxen, fheep, goats, and dogs ; 
and interweaves feveral pleafant defcriptions of a 
chariot-race, of the battle of the bulls, of the force 
of love, and of the Scythian winter. In the latter 
part of the Book he relates the difeafes incident to 
cattle j and ends with the defcription of a fatal mur- 
rain that formerly raged among the Alps. 

# T I HY fields, propitious Pales, I rehearfe; 
And fmg thy paftures in no vulgar verfe. 
Amphryfian fhepherd j the Lycaean woods ; 
Arcadia's flowery plains, and pleafing floods. 


G £ O R G I C III. J43 

AH, other themes that carelefs minds invite, 5 

Are worn with ufe, unworthy me to write, 
Bufiris' altars, and the dire decrees 
Of hard Eureftheus, every reader fees : 
Hylas the boy, Latona's erring ifle, 
And Pelops' ivory fhoulder, and his toil it 

For fair Hippodame, with all the reft 
Of Grecian tales, by poets are expreft ; 
New ways I muft attempt, my groveling name 
To raife aloft, and wing my flight to fame. 

I, firft of Romans, fhall in triumph come 15 

From conquer'd Greece, and bring her trophies home : 
With foreign fpoils adorn my native place ; 
And with Idume's palms my Mantua grace. 
Of Parian ftone a temple will I raife, 
Where the flow Mincius through the valley ftrays : 20 
Where cooling ftreams invite the flocks to drink : 
And reeds defend the winding water's brink. 
Full in the midfl fhall mighty Csefar ftand : 
Hold the chief honours ; and the dome command. 
Then I, confpicuous in myTyrian gown, 25 

(Submitting to his godhead my renown) 
A hundred courfcrs from the goal will drive ; 
The rival chariots in the race fhall ftrive. 
A.11 Greece fhall flock from far, my games to fee j 
The whorlbat and the rapid race fhall be 
leferv'd for Caefar, and ordain'd by me. 

lyfelf, with olive crown'd, the gifts will bear 5 

v'n now methinks the public fhouts 1 hear ; 

he palling pageants and the pomps appear. 

Vol. V. L h to 

30 V 



I, to the temple will conduct the crew ; 35 

The facrifice and Jacrifeers view 5 

From thence return* attended with my train, 

Where the proud theatres difclofe the (bene : 

Which interwoven Briton* feem to raife, 

And ihew the triumph which' their frame displays. 40 

High o'er the gate, in elephant and gold, 

The crowd (hail Csefar's Indian war behold j 

The Nile mall flow beneath $ and on the fide 

His fhatter*d (hips on brazen pillars ride, 

£Jext him, Niphates, with inverted urn, 45 

And dropping fedge, fliall his Armenia mourn j 

And Afian cities in our triumph borne. 

With backward bows the Parthian (hall be there ; 

And, fpurring from the fight, conlefs their fear. 

<A double wreath (hall crown our Caefar's brows, 50 

Two differing trophies, from two different foes. 

Europe with Afric in his fame (hall join ; 

But neither more hi6 conqueft (hall confine. 

The Parian marble, there, (hall feem to move, 

In breathing ftatues, not unworthy Jove $ 5 5 

Refembling heroes, whofe ethereal root 

Is Jove himfelf, and Caefar is the fruit. 

Tros and his race the fculptor fhall employ ; 

And he the god, who built the walls of Troy. 

Envy herfelf, at laft grown pale and dumb, 60 

(By Caefar combated and overcome) 

Shall give her hands : and fear the curling fnakes 

Of ladling furies, and the burning lakes 1 




6EOR6IC III, , 47 

The pains of faratth'd Tantalus (hall feel; 

And Sifyphus that labours up the hill 65 

The rolling rock in vain} and curft Ixion's wheel. 

Mean time we muft purfue the Sylvan lands j 
(Th' abode of nymphs) untouched by former bands j 
For fuch, Maecenas, are thy hard commands. 
Without thee nothing lofty can I fing ; 7$ 

Come then, and with thyfelf thy genius bring j 
With which infpir'd, I brook no dull delay, 
Cytheron loudly calls me to my way j 
Thy hounds, Taygetus, open, and purfue their prey, 
High Epidaurus urges on my fpeed, 75 

Fam'd for his hills and for his horfes breed : 
From hills and dales the chearful cries rebound : 
For echo hunts along and propagates the found. 

A time will come, when my maturer Mufe 
In Caefar's wars a nobler theme fhall chufe. 80 

And through more ages bear my fovereign's praife, 
Than have from Tithon paft to Caefar's days. 

The generous youth, who, ftudious of the prize, 
The race of running couriers multiplies ; 
Or to the plough the fturdy bullock breeds, 85 

May know that from the dam the worth of each proceeds. 
The mother cow muft wear a lowering look, 
Sour-headed, ftrongly neek'd to bear the yoke. 
Her double dew-lap from her chin defcends : 
And at her thighs the ponderous burden ends. 90 

Long as her fides and large, her limbs are great j 
Rough are her ears, and broad her homy feet. 

JL» Her 


Her colour finning black, but fleck'd with white ; 

She tofles from the yoke : provokes the fight : 

She rifes in her gait, is free from fears, 95 

And in her fide a bull's refemblance bears : 

Her ample forehead with a ftar is crown'd ; 

And with her length of tail (he (weeps the ground. 

The bull's infult at four (he may fuftain ; 

But, after ten, from nuptial rites refrain. too 

Six feafom.ufe ; but then releafe the cow, 

Unfit for love, and for the labouring plough. 

Now. while their youth is fiilM with kindly fire, 
Submit thy females to the lufty fire ; 
Watch the quick motions of the frifking tail, 
Then feite their fury with the ruining male, 
Indulging pleafure left the breed fhould fail. 

In youth alone, unhappy mortals live $ 
But, ah ! the mighty blifs is fugitive ! 
Di&olour'd ficknefs, anxious labour come, no 

And age, and death's inexorable doom. 
Yearly thy herds in vigour will impair ; 
Recruit and mend them with thy yearly care : 
Still propagate, for ftill they fall away, 
'Tis prudence to prevent th* entire decay. 115 

Like diligence require the courier's race ; 
In early choice, and for a longer fpace. 
The colt, that for a ftallion is defign'd, 
By fure prefages mows his generous kind, 
Of able body, found of limb and wind. 
Upright he walks on patterns firm and ftraight, 
HU motions eafy $ prancing in his gait. 


«°5 7 



G £ O R 6 I C III. i 49 

The firft to lead the way, to tempt the flood ; 

To pais the bridge unknown, nor fear the trembling 

Dauntlefs at empty noifes 5 lofty-neck'd ; 125 

Sharp-headed, baroel-belly'd, broadly-back'd, 
Brawny his cheft, and deep: his colour grey; 
For beauty dappled, or the brighteft bay : 
Faint white and dun will fcarce the rearing pay. 

The fiery courfer, when he hears from far 13* 

The fprightly trumpets, and the (houts of war, 
Pricks up his ears, and, trembling with delight, 
Shim place, and paws j and hopes the promised fight, 
On his right (boulder his thick mane reclin'd, 
RufEes at fpeed, and dances in the wind. 135 

His horny hoofs are jetty black and round, 
His chine is double ; darting with a bound, 
He turns the turf, and (hakes the folid ground. 
Fire from his eyes, clouds from his noftrils flow 
lie bears his rider headlong on the foe. 140 

Such was the fteed in Grecian poets fam'd, 
P:v.:d Cyllarus, by Spartan Pollux ram'dj 
V :ih courfers bore to fight the god of Thrace ; 
Ar.d fjch, Achilles, was thy warlike race. 
I., f.-ch a fhape, grim Saturn did reftrain 145 

Hi, :.tavcnly limbs, and flow'd with fuch a mane j 
When, halr-furpiiz'd, and fearing to be feen, 
T:;-_ ictchcr gallop'd from his jealous queen; 
R*:i \.p the ridges of the rocks amain, 
And with fhrijl ncighings filPd the neighbouring plain. 
L 3 Bur 




But worn with years when dire difeafes come, 
Then hide hit not ignoble age at home : 
In peace t' enjoy hit former palms and pains : 
And gratefully be kind to his remains. 
For when hit blood no youthful fpirits move, 155 
He languifliet and labours in his love. 
And when the fprightly feed mould fwiftly come, 
Dribbling he drudges, and defrauds the womb. 
Jn rain he burns like hafty fhibble fires 5 
And in himfelf his former felf requires. x6* 

His age and courage weigh : nor thole alone, 
But note his father's virtues and his own ; 
Obferve, if he difdains to yield the prize ; 
Of lofs impatient, proud of victories. 

Haft thou beheld, when from the goal they ftart, 165 
The youthful charioteers with heaving heart 
Rufh to the race ; and panting, fcarcely bear 
.Th* extremes of feverifh hope, and chilling fear; 
Stoop to the reins, and la/h with all their force ; 
The flying chariot kindles in the courfe : 170 

And now a-Iow, and now aloft they fly, 
As borne through air, and feem to touch the fky. 
No flop, no flay, but clouds of fand arife, 
Spurn'd and caft backward on the follower's eyes. 
The hindmoft blows the foam upon the firft ; 175- 

Such is the love of praife, an honourable third* 

Bold Erifthonius was the firft, who join'd 
Four horfes for the rapid race defign'd ; 
And o'er the dufty wheels prefiding fate 5 
The Lapithge to chariots, add the Hate 180 


•7 V 

O E O R G I c m. , 5I 

Of bits and bridles ; taught the fteed to bound 5 
To run the ring, and trace the maxy round. 
To Hop, to fly, the rules of war to know : 
T' obey the rider, and to dare the foe. 

To chufe a youthful fteed, with courage firM ; 185 
To breed him, break him, back him, are requir'd 
Experience mailers, and in fundry ways : 
Their labours equal, and alike their praife. 
But once again the batter'd horfe beware, 
The weak old ftallion will deceive thy care. 190 

Though famous in his youth for force and fpeed, 
Or was of Argos or Epirian breed, 
Or did from Neptune's race, or from himfelf proceed. 

Thefe things prenuYd, when now the nuptial time 
Approaches for the ftately fteed to climb ; 195 

With food enable him to make his court ; 
Diftcnd his chine, and pamper him for fport. 
Feed him with herbs, whatever thou canft find, 
Of generous warmth, and of fafecious kind. 
Then water him, and (drinking what he can) 200 
Encourage him to third again, with bran. 
Inftrucled thus, produce him to the fair : 
And join in wedlock to the longing marc. 
For, if the fire be faint, or out of call', 
He will be copied in his famiuVd race : 205 

And fink beneath the pleafing tafk aliign'd : 
(For all 's too little for the craving kind.) 

As for the females, with indultrious care 
Tike down their mettle, keep them lean and bare ; 

L 4 When. 


.Thy flattering method on the youth purfue : 

•Join'd with his fchool-Fellows by two and two, 470 

Perfuade them firft to lead an empty wheel, 

That fcarce the duft can raife, or they can feel j 

In length of time produce the labouring yoke 

And mining fhares, that make the furrow fmoke. 

2&te the licentious youth be thus reftrain'd, 275 

Or moral precepts on their minds have gain'd 3 

Their wanton appetites not only feed 

With delieates of leaves, and marihy weed, 

But with thy fickle reap the rankeft land : 

And minifter the Wade with bounteous hand. 280 

Nor be with harmful parfimony won 

To follow what our homely fires have done ; 

Who fill'd the pail with beeftings of the cow : 

But all her udder to the calf allow. 

If to the warlike fteed thy ftudies bend, 285 

Or for the prize in chariots to contend ; 
Near Pifa's flood the rapid wheels to guide, 
Or in Olympian groves aloft to ride, 
The generous labours of the courier, firft 
Muft be with fight of arms and found of trumpets nurs'd : 
Inur'd the groaning axle-tree to bear 5 
And let him claming whips in ftables hear. 
Sooth him with praife, and make him underftand 
The loud applaufes of his matter's hand : 
tThis from his weaning let him well be taught 5 295 
And then betimes in a foft fnaffle wrought : 
Before his tender joints with nerves are knit j 
Untry'd in arms, and trembling at the bit, 

2 But 

G E O R O I C III. g S9 

But when to four full fprings his years advance, 

Teach him to run the round, with pride to prance j 309 

And (rightly managed) equal time to beat ; 

To turn, to bound im meafure, and curvet. 

Let him, to this, with eafy pains be brought : 

And feem to labour, when he labours not. 

Thus, foraVd for fpeed, he challenges the wind ; 305 

And leaves the Scythian arrow far behind : 

He fcours along the field, with looien'd reins ; 

And treads fo light, he fcareely prints the plains. 

Like Boreas in his race, when rafting forth, 

He fweeps the ikies, and clears the cloudy north : 310 

The waving harveft bends beneath his blaft j 

The fored (hakes, the groves their honours caft ; 

He flies aloft, and with impetuous roar 

Purfues the foaming (urges to the more. 

Thus o'er th' Elean plains, thy well-breath'd horfe 315 

Impels the flying car, and wins the courfe. 

Or, bred to Belgian waggons, leads the way; 

Untir'd at night, and chearful all the day. 

When once he's broken, feed him full and high r 
Indulge his growth, and his gaunt fides fupply. 320 
Before his training, keep him poor and low ; 
For his flout ftomach with his food will grow 5 
The pamper'd colt will difcipline difdain, 
Impatient of the lafh, and reftiff to the rein. 

Wouldft thou their courage and their ftrength im- 
prove, 325 
Too foon they rauft not feel the flings of love. 


Wfl/^' "ivc sua or coururr ne thv care, 
fceehtm or* leap dsc cow, ormaanrrfaeinare. 
The yonrhf »• toott «■"»* wander in the wood 5 
lehinHfHemnai«^<^be»WKitfacftwdr 33m 

Or, m the fed * heme hit fodder find; 
Far from the derm* of that aOoriag JcohL 
Wnli fwv> fwr eyes hn oiftieis bom his famft; 
lie look*, and languishes, and leaves his reft; 
Porfafce? hn food, and, pining lor the b&, 335 

1* joy left of the grove, and fpanw die grooving graft. 
The fore Jeducer, with enticing leeks, 
The bellowing rivals to the tight provokes. 
A beauteous heifer in the wood is bred, 
The (looping warrior*, aiming head to head, 349 

Kngage their f UAimg horns ; with dreadful sound 
The foreft rattles, and the rocks rebound. 
They fence, they pufli, and pufliing Loudly roar; 
Their dewlap* and their fides are bath'd in gore. 
Nor when the war is over, is it peace ; $4.5 

Nor will the vanquish 'd bull his claim releafe : 
Hut, feeding in his bread his ancient fires, 
jVnd miring fate, from his proud foe retires. 
Diivrti from his native land, to foreign grounds, 
Itr with rt grnrmus rage relents his wounds; 350 

HI* ignominious flight, the vi&or's boaft, 
And more limn both, the loves, which unrevengM he 

Oftrn he turns his eyes, and with a groan, 
Nmvt'v* the ^leafing kingdoms once bis own. 




C E O R G I c in. 

An J therefore to repair hit fireneth be tries : 

Hardening hi* limbs with painful cxerriic, 

And rough upon the flint v nock he lies . 

On prickly leaves and on fharp herbs be feeds. 

Thru to die prelude of a war proem!*. 

Htt horns, yet fore, be tries agaiuft a tier - 360 

And meditates his abfect enemy* 

He fcuJfs the wind, his heels the Cud excite,, 

But, 1* hen he ft and* tolletlcd in hit might. 

He roan, and promiie* a more foccefiful £ghi+ 

Then > to redeem his honour at a felon*, 365 

He moves hi* tamp, to meet his careldj roc* 

Not ti iih more maduefs, rolling from afar. 

The fpumy waves proclaim the w U err *» ar f 

And, mounting up v. ards, with a mighty roar, 

March onwanh, and infult the rocky (bore. 370 

The j taace the middle region with their height ; 

And fill 00 left than with a motmtziB** weight s 

The waters boil, and belching lions bctow 

Black £uwb, is from 1 forceful engine throw. 

Thmi every creature, and of every kiad, 
The fecret joys of fweet coition rind : 
Not only man's imperial race, hut they 
That wing the liquid air, or fwim the fca, 
Or haunt the defert, ruih into the flame $ 
For love is lord of all, and is in all the lame. 3 So 

'Tis with this rage, the mother lion ftung, 
Scours o'er the plain, regard lefs of her young : 
Demanding rites of love ; fl*e fternly ftalks ; 
And hunts hex lover in his lonely walks, 


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y. r--* -~ -'■■ -w/ -vxti/4 v-.r. n». r le^icri 


G E O R G I C in. i| 9 

i the wars that i patted linses make 4 j - 

■ fierce rivals, for the females' fake j 
The howling wolves, the maftiffi amorous rage j 
When ev J n the fearful flag dares for his hind engage. 
But, far above the re£, the furious mare, 
Barr'd from the male, is £ ramie with dtipair. 410 

For when her pouting vent declare* her pain, 
She tears the haruefs, and Che rends the rem ; 
For this (when Venus gave them rage and power), 
Their mafeV mangled member they devour! 
Of love defrauded m their looging hour* 4* 5 

For Jove they force through thick c;s of the wood, 
They climb the Jieepy nil is, and item the flood. 

When at the (priog's approach thrir marrow burns 
(For with the iprmg their genial svarmth returns), 
The mam to ciitf* of rugged rotki repair* 430 

And with w)de ctoilriU fuuif ih& welter n air : 
When (wondrous to relate) th* parent wind, 
Without the ftallion, propagates the kind. 
Then, fiVd with amorous rage, they take their flight 
Through plains, and mount the hilJs unequal height; 
Nor to the north, nor to the riling fun, 
Not fourhward to the rainy regions run ; 
But boring to the weft, and hovering there, 
With gaping mouths, they draw proline air: 
With which impregnate, from their groins they fhed 
A (limy juice, by falfe conception bred. 
The fhepherd knows it well ; and calls by name 
llippomanes, to note the mother's flame. 


O E O R G I C III. ,61 

Where, balking in the fun-fhine, they may lie, 

And the wort remnants of his heat enjoy. 

This during winter's driiiy reign be done : 475 

Till the new ram receives th* exalted fun : 

For hairy goats of equal profit are 

With woolly iheep, and afk an equal care. 

'Tis true, the fleece, when drunk with Tyrian juice, 

Is dearly fold : but not for needful ufe : 480* 

For the falacious goat increafes more ; 

And twice as largely yields her milky ftore. 

The ftill-diftended udders never fail ; 

But, when they ieem exhaufted, fwell the pail. 

Mean time the.paftor fhears their hoary beards ; 485 

And eafes of their hair, the loaden herds. 

Their camelots, warm in tents, the foldier hold j 

And fhield the ihivering mariner from cold. 

On /hrubs they browfe, and on the bleaky top 
Of rugged hills, the thorny bramble crop. 490 

Attended with their bleating kids they come 
At night unafk'd, and mindful of their home; 
And fcarce their fwell ing bags the threshold overcome. 
So much the more thy diligence beftow 
In depth of winter, to defend the fnow : 495 

By how much lefs the tender helpleis kind, 
For their own ills, can fit provifion find. 
Then minifter the browfe, with bounteous hand j 
And open let thy flacks all winter ftand. 
But when the weftern winds with vital power 500 

Call forth the tender grafs, and budding flower ; 

Vol. V. M Then, 



Then, at the lift, produce in open air 

Both flocks, and fend them to their fummer rare. 

Before die fas, while Helperns appears; 

Firft let them tip from herbs die pearly tears 505 

Of morning dewt } and after break their raft 

On green-fWard ground (a cool and grateful tafte) : 

But when the day's fourth hour has drawn the dews. 

And die fun's fultry heat their thirft renews ; 

When creaking graihoppers on mrubs complain, 510 

Then lead them to their watering-troughs again. 

In fummer'* heat fome bending valley find, 

Clos'd from the fun, but open to the wind 1 

Or feek fome ancient oak, whofe arms extend 

In ample breadth, thy cattle to defend : 515 

Or foiitary grove, or gloomy glade. 

To fhield them with its venerable made. 

Once more to watering lead j and feed again 

When the low fun is finking to the main. 

When rifing Cynthia meds her (ilver dews, 520 

And the cool evening-breete the meads renews : 

When linnets fill the woods with tuneful found, 

And hollow mores the halcyon's voice rebound. 

Why mould my Mufc enlarge on Libyan fwains ; 
Their (cattcrM cottages, and ample plains ? 525 

Where oft the flocks without a leader ftray ; 
Or through continued deiarts take their way ; 
And, feeding, add the length of night to day. 
Whole months they wander, grazing as they go ; 
Nor folds, nor holpitable harbour know 5 570 





Such an exten t of plains , fo vril a fpaee 

Of wilils unknown* and of untafted graf^ 

Allures their eyes : the ihepherd tait appears , 

And with him all his patrimony bears : 

Hi* htmic and houJhold gods ! his trade of war, 

His bow and quiver ,- and his tmfty cur. 

Thus, under heary arms, the youth of Rome 

Their long, laborious manrhr-c nv^n-ntne : 

C nearly their tedious ■»* 

And pitch their fuddej 

Not fo the Seythian i 

Nor he who bears in T Bit***" •^ 

Nor he who treads the eotis 

Or where proud Ifter i pello* 

Early diey ft all their i * herds j tor 

No grafs the fields, nc i forefb wear : 

The frozen earth lies 1 -? below 

A hilly heap, feven ei fiiow : 

Ami all the Weft allit Boreas blow. 

The fun from far peeps with a Jickly face ; 
Too weak the clouds and mighty fogs to chace ; 
When up the flcies he (hoots his rofy head, 
Or in the ruddy ocean feeks his bed. 
Swift rivers are with fudden ice conftrain'd ; 
And ftudded wheels are on its back fuftain'd. 
An hoftry now for waggons, which before 
Tall (hips of burden on its bofom bore. 
The brazen cauldrons with the froft are flaw'd ; 
The garment, ftiff with ice, at hearths is thaw'd ; 

M 2 With 








Wrtha*e< fa* they cleave rtae^ne, sutrhence cia 
% weight, rt*»firttff»rrto«ifhey ctifpaue. 
torn toefce HMMriifi!, sad fiwn the fmzea beard, 
f y*^ ifaje» J« yew* , md ailing famd* mheanL. 
Mm*1tof*g*ad1bKj sad driving fimr, 
ftMta*ff*6«esY ttdhaagtmherikbebm* 5*5 

The / h w fi wf <n«fc gerift in fheir folia, 
flop Offtfl ffa^ ifteWd iiv wimwy walla 
tf filtWttffgBtf*} whole hei^ aw bury'<! there 
Of flltgfcf? fags, *af feme rfcelr form appear, 
Thetor^hiMffaiMWiM^^ 570 

WfofrAflfoorAwf*, or meiw * distast war 
WW* <fo#i, <vr piwhea toil* tftftop their fogfct: 

Huf dofe *ft£ftgt* M unequal fight, 

Aft4 while fh«y ftrir* '* *»»* «& n»ke their way 
Tfcfoiijfh trill* 0/ fnow, and pitifully bray ; 575 

Aflftulrt with dfaf of fword, or pointed fpean : 
Afrit 1«m*«*u\, (m hU tack, the joyful burden bears. 
Ttif mn to futorrtHieiin cum retire 1 
tour* from told, find trowd the cheerful fire : 
With IHtfiktof tlm* find oak* the hearth they load, 5S9 
Noi tempi ''»' intltMrtfiey «*f heaven abroad. 
'I'hMi jovial Mights in frolics and in play 
Th*y \*M*i to dilve the tedious hours away. 
Am) itttli w»ld lloiitaclui with crownM goblets cheer, 
Of windy t*ydn, mul of bat my beer. 585 

frm-li miv tlu» told Kiphcan race j and fuch 
Tto IHvftgv Stythum, and unwarlikc Dutch. 
W>mv Ik lit* of bwfo the rude barbarians wear, 
IU ipoiU of foxv»> wud the furry bear. 


i wool thy care } Let not thy tank $ 
! bufhc* in?, where burs and thifll 
Nor in too rank a pa {lure let them feed * 
Then of the pureil white felecl thy breed* 
Ev>n though a (now v turn thou Ihalt behold, 
Prefer him not in hulk for hulbatul to thy Md. 
But feareh his mouth j ami if a fwarthy tongue 
I* underneath hit humid pa Lite hun£, 


Reject him, Idt he d: 

iv flock f 

And fubftimtc anotht 

Twte ihu* with fleet 


May trufl report), Pi 

™ i --- v 

Did bribe thee, Cynii 

rdidft thou .lii.f.m, 

When caU'd in wood; 

» to cure a lovcr*i pain. 

If mi Ik be thy defi] 

h plenteoun baud 

Bring dover-gnifr ; a 

tJ i the murfhy laud 4a$ 

Salt herbage for the fi 

-rack provide 

To fill their bags, an 

lie milky tide - 

Thele nife their third 

i the tuflc reft ore 

The favour of the fall 

[lit h i)w\ \\ il k r «. p i . . 

6 14 

Some, when the kidi their dam* too deeply drain 
With gags and muzzles their foft mouth* reft rain 
Their morning milk, the pcafants prefs at night : 
Their evening meal before the rifmg light 
To market bear; or fparingly they fleep 
With fcafoning fait, and ftor'd, for winter keep. 

Nor lair, forget thy faithful dogs ; but feed 
With fattening whey the maftifF's generous breed ; 
And Spartan race j who, for the fold's relief, 
Will profecutc with erica the nightly thief: 

M 3 Rcpulf 

6, $ 

f^ tno fits* 
Am JMcctp \en;'nr f * - 
MeU * e J Unc<sg&- to* *joz 1st. 

T'V .few? 4C4 -Msea^ »£ *s»e maroi. w. 
Tito, \yeyhMXtr -ace. £ y&ucv. feufravn 
AtfA .War Ju» v.ja w i hurir hriAus 

Ul*M> .tu u:iir.(£ :-: »ar, £■.-: v rj*.ir.'T r.'rrc 

TUl, iw«a. t ■* <r-- t r.u r. 

-.--:':\-.uen t»r Tnrir.. 

Ht tl"<«$, .U* -3!, ttlA '.- - . 

jei*I »r.r cut - . ■* 

Art* A Amtf ir.*!r «.?a&r.-; 

• pice uf £ 

ftlC .44*6* W#ia * -A J6WI. 

us. 2&cx aeut uaxri k 



G E O R 6 I C III. 167 

Waving lie rolls, and makes a winding track ; 

His belly fpotted, burnim'd is his back : 650 

While fprings are broken, while the fouthern air 

And dropping heavens the moiften'd earth repair, 

He lives on ftanding lakes and trembling bogs 5 

He fills his maw with fifh, or with loquacious frogs. 

But when, in muddy pools, the water finks ; 655 

And the jdiapt earth is furrow'd o'er with chinks ; 

He leaves the fens, and leaps upon the ground 5 

And hiding, rolls his glaring eyes around. 

With thirft inflam'd, impatient of the heats, 

He rages in the fields, and wide deftruction threats. 660 

Oil let not fleep my doting eyes invade 

In open plains, or in the fecret; made, 

When he, renew'd in all the fpeckled pride 

Of pompous youth, has call his flough afide, 

And in his fummer livery rolls along, 66 5 ' 

Ere&, and brandishing his forky tongue, 

Leaving his neft, and his imperfect young j 

And, thoughtlefs of his eggs, forgets to rear 

The hopes of poifon, for the following year. 

The caufes and the figns (hall next be told, 670 
Of every ficknefs that infects the fold. 
A fcabby tetter on their pelts will ftick, 
When the raw rain has pierc'd them to the quick : 
Or fearching frofts have eaten through the ikin j 
Or burning Hides are lodg'd within : 675 

Or when the fleece is {horn, if fweat remains 
Unwaih'd, and foaks into their empty veins : 

M 4 When 



When their defenccJeft limbs the brambles tear ; 
Short of their wool, and Baked from the (heer. 

Good (heptserds, after steering, drench their mcep, j 
And their lock's father (forced from h%h to leap) I 
Swims down tfeiieam, and ptmiges m the deep. J 
They ointtfack naked limbs with mothcrMoil; 
Or from the founts where living fulphurs boil, 
They nri» a medicine to foment their limbs; 685 

With team mat on the molten filrer fwims. 
Fat pitch, and black bitumen, add Id these, 
Bcfides the waxen labour of the bees: 
And hellebore, and (quills deep rooted in the leas 
Receipts abound, bat, (earthing all thy (tore, 490 
The beft is mil at hand— 40 lance the fore, 
And cut the head, for till the core be found, 
The fecret rice is fed, and gamers ground : 
While, making f ruitleft moan, the fhepherd ffcands 
And, when the lancing knife requires his hands, 695 
Vain help, with idle prayers, from heaven demands, 
Deep in their bones when fevers fix their feat, 
And rack their limbs, and lick the vital heat ; 
The ready cure to cool the raging pain, 
Is underneath the foot to breathe a vein. 700 

This remedy the Scythian fbepherds found : 
Th' inhabitants of Thracia's hilly ground, 
The Gelons ufe it, when for drink and food 
They mix their middled milk with horfes blood. 

But when thou fee'ft a /ingle fbeep remain 705 

Jn (hades aloof, or crouch'd upon the plain ; 




G E O R G I C III 1*9 

Or liftleflly to crop the tender grafs ; 

Or I are to lag behind, with truant pace * 

Revenge the crime, and take the traitor's 1 f 

Ere in the faultlefs flock the dire contagion Iprcad. 710 

On winter feas we fewer ftorms behold, 
Than foul dLfeaJcs that infctt the fold. 
Nor do thofe ills on tingle bodies prey ; 
But oftener bring the nation to decay ; 
And fweep the prcient f '" and future hope away 

A din: example of 1 
When, after luch a lei 
We fee the naked Alp; 
Of fcatter T d com, and 
Once fiird with gratim 

Here from tile vieioi 
A plague did on the di 
During th* autumnal h 
Tame cattk, and the 1 
Poisoning the ftanding 

rs : 
. . years, 

n« thuv ^uiains 
unpeopled plains ; 
45, the fhcpherd'a happy 

and fickly Qu«, 
ition rife : 

tion grew, 
j ,„ure flew. 

r and pool* impure : 



Nor was the foodful gr^fs in fields feeure. 
Strange death ! For when the thirfty fire had drunk 
Their vital blood, and the dry nerves were ((trunk ; 
When the contracted limbs were cramp'd, even then 
A waterifli humour fwell'd and oozM again ; 730 

Converting into bane the kindly juice, 
Ordain'd by nature for a better ufe. 
The vi&im ox, that was for altars preft, 
Trim'd with white ribbons, and with garlands drcft, 



Sunk of himfelf, without the gods command : 735 

Preventing the flow (acrincer's hand. 

Or, by the holy butcher if he fell, 

Th' inipefted entrails could no fates fbretel 1 

Nor, laid on altars, did pare flames arife ; 

But clouds of {mouldering (moke forbade the facrifice. 

Scarcely the knife was redden'd with his gore, 

Or die black poifon flain'd the fandy floor. 

The thriven calves in meads their food fbrfake, 

And render their fweet fouls before die plenteous rack. 

The fawning dog runs mad, the weafing (wine 745 • 

With coughs is choak'd, and labours from the chine : 

The victor horfe, forgetful of his food, 

The palm renounces, and abhors die flood. 

He paws the ground, and, on his hanging ears, 

A doubtful fweat in clammy drops appears : 750 | 

Parch'd is his hide, and rugged are his hairs. 

Such are die fymptoms of die young difeafe $ 

But in time's procefs, when bis pains increafe, 

He rolls his mournful eyes, he deeply groans 

With patient fobbing, and with manly moans. 755 

He heaves for breath; which from his lungs fupply'd, 

And fetch'd from far, diftends his labouring fide. 

To his rough palate, his dry tongue fucceeds $ 

And roapy gore he from his noftrils bleeds. 

A drench of wine has with fuccefs been us'd ; 760 

And through a horn the generous juice infus'd : 

Which timely taken op'd his clofing jaws ; 

But, if too late, the patient's death did caufe. 



G E O R G I C IH. 171 

For the too -vigorous dofe too fiercely wrought j 

And added fury to the ftrengA if brought. 765 

Recruited into rage, he grinds His teeth 

Id his own fleft), and feeds approaching death. 

Ye gods, to better fate good men difpofe, 

And torn that impious error on our foes 1 

The fteer, who to the yoke was bred co bow, 770 
(Studious of tillage, and the crooked plough) 
FalU down, and dies $ and dying spews a Hood 
Of foamy tnadneis, mix'd with clotted blood. 
The clown, who* curfing Providence, repines. 
His mournful fellow from the team disjoins : 775 

With many a groan forfakes his fmitleis care, 
And in th* unfinjflTd furrow leave? the (hare. 
The pining lteer no lhades of lofty woods, 
Nor flowery meads, can cafe j nor cryflal floods 
Hoird from the rock i his flabby flanks decreale 7 780 
His eyes are fettled in a ftupid peace. 
His bulk too weighty for hit thighs is grown ; 
And his unweildy neck hangs drooping down. 
Now what avaih his well -deferring toil, 
To turn the glebe, or fraooth the rugged foil I 785 
And yet he never fupp'd in folemn date, 
Nor undigested feafts did urge his fate ; 
Nor day to night luxurioufly did join ; 
Nor furfeited on rich Campanian wine. 
Simple his beverage, homely was his food $ 790 

The wholfome herbage, and the running flood. 
No dreadful dreams awak'd him with affright 5 
His pains by day fecur'd his reft by night. 

4 'Twas 




T-vrw ^ien that buffalo's, ill pair* i T -.vexe lien. 
T* rirwr rheenrdf J>mf?s imp«nai queen, 795 

?ir \*»r <*f owe*. mf£ the labouring twain: 
An4&*wf&*^fab*^th*&alU** teed 
ffc3ftjflufrhfffiftif, a*4uptheha%hejgte. 
With ht»<w jfceuidcys (turn the wagam'a. mci&hr 9oo 

tk nigWy wolf, that RRMUt,chf iadofcnt panel' d 
Ifcliipfhe fence, *wr pU**noeo» the finds 
?m?6 wfrh * (Hafrper pain, the fearful doe 
A«d ftyntg; ftag, aanirfft the greyhound* go : 

foe, S05 J 

The feftljr nation* 6/ the &a profound, 
f yike JMpwrtcV d careefe ate dmen 
And mighty Photw, new ten before 
Jft Ifrtillmr #NWflHff are ftranded 00 the 
The Wper d«ad within her hole it found j 8 ie 

ftefeflreltft *••• th« /halter of the ground. 
f he w«t#f-toak#, wtorm fifli and paddocks fed, 
"Wlrti flarlfiff foal** U*n poifon'd in hb bed : 
t h bhiU fflHr finffivf heaven* contagious prove, 
fhm HimmN lli*y full, and leave their fouls above. 815 

tttflrit»« a Hi t -hanga thrir pafture 'tis in vain ; 
Ot fnill to pity Ik 1 phytic i* their banc. 
Tht» Imiimi'«1 lefuhcn in d<f|nur depart: 
Aw\ il«nKt» thrti hvndi, defpondinic of their an. 

THiphun*. Ift IimiIc from under ground, 820 

MtMtknlU pahs now trcadi the round; 


c it , 7J 

Before her drive* difeafc* *ml affright j ^ 

And trcry moment rife* n» the light i t 

Aipii-ing to the (kit*, mcroadun^ gn the light. J 
The rivcm and their banks, and hitli around, £15 
With lowing*, mid with dying htcat* re found. 
Ac lengtiii Ihc fti ike* an blow ; 
To death nt once whole herds of cattle goj 
Sheep, oxen, buries fall j and, hcsip'd tm high, 
The differing fpecics in confufion \\t\ S30 

Till, warn*d by frcqu [It, the way they found, 
Tn lodge their loathfr anion under ground. 
For, ulclcfa to the cui'-er were their hide!* 1 
Nor could their taintei : ith oetU tiden 

Be freed r'rorn filth 1 irf .1 YuU-aman flame 835 

The ftrnch abolifh, 01 mir tame. 

Korfafrly could they 1 flccey flnre 

{Made drunk with pui kt t tndllifTwhti )j 

Of touch the web t bi < H rhcy wear, 

Kcd h lifter* rill.- appear, 840 

And fliiminp cm bit nek* aim noifomi? Jtaeat, 
And clammy dews, that loathfomc lice beget : 
Till the flow creeping evil eat* his way, 
Confumes the parching limbs, and makes the life hit 





G E O R G I C S. 


Virgil has taken care to raife the fubje& of die Georgk : 
In the firft he has only dead matter on which to work. 
In the iecond he juft fteps on die world of life, and 
defcribes that degree of it which is to be found in 
vegetables. In the third he advances to animals : 
and in the laft Jingles out the bee, whkh may be 
reckoned the moft tagacious of them, for his iub : eet. 

In this Georgic he thews us what Ration is met: pro- 
r«r for the bees* and when they begin to gather ho- 
ney : how to call them home when thev fwarm : aad 
how to part diem when they arc engaged in bortle- 
Ftaot hence he takes occafcon to d&tcorcr their ci£*r- 
cmt kind ; and, after an excurfioa, relates tbe^r pru- 
dent aad poatrc admtnifbratioa of a£urs, aad tbe 
fcv*\at dticafts that erren rage in &et hires, wih 
the pevcxr **«**«» aai remedies cf eaca dtferie. 



In the laft place he lays down a method of repairing 
their kind, fuppofing their whole breed loft, and 
gives at large the hiftory of its invention. 


*T* HE gifts of heaven my following fong purfucs, 

Aerial honey, and atnbrofial dews. 
Maecenas, read this other part, that fings 
Embattled fquadrons and adventurous kings j 
A mighty pomp, though made of little things. 5 
Their arms, their arts, their manners I difclofe, 
And how they war, and whence the people rote : 
Slight is the fuhjedt, but the praifc nor fmall, 
If heaven aifift, and Phoebus hear my call. 

Flrft, for thy bees a quiet ftation find, to 

And lodge them under covert of the wind ; 
For windoj when homeward they return, will drive 
The loaded carriers from their evening hive. 
Far from tht cows and goats infultrng crew, 
That trample down the flowers, and braih the dew t 1 5 
The painted lizard, and the birds of prey, 
Foes of the frugal kind, be far away. 
The titmoufe, and the pecker's hungry brood, 
And Progne, with her bofom ft a in' d in blood : 
Thefe rob the trading citizens, and bear 20 

The trembling captives through the liquid air ; 
And for their callow young a erne I feaft prepare. 
But near a living ftream their manfton place, 
Edg'd round with mv& f and tufts of matted grate : 





And plant (the wind's impetuous rage to ftop), 25 

Wild olive-trees, or palms, before the bufy (hop. 

That when the youthful prince, with proud alarm. 

Calls out the venturous colony to fwarm ; 

When firft their way through yielding air they wing, 

New to the pleafures of their native fpring; 30 

The banks of brooks may make a cool retreat 

For the raw foldiers from the fcalding heat : 

And neighbouring trees, with friendly (bade, invite 

The troops, unus'd to long laborious flight. 

Then o'er the running ftream, or ftanding lake, 35 

A paflagc for thy weary people make ; 

With ofier floats the ftanding water ftrow ; 

Of mafly ftones make bridges, if it flow : 

That balking in the fun thy bees may lie, 

And reding there, their flaggy pinions dry : 40 

When, late returning home, the laden hoft 

By raging winds is wreck *d upon the coaft. 

Wild thyme and favory fet around their cell ; 

Sweet to the taftc, and fragrant to the fmell ; 

Set rows of rofemary with flowering ftem, 45 

And let the purple violets drink the ftream. 

Whether thou build the palace of thy bees 
With twitted oliers, or with barks of trees ; 
Make but a narrow mouth : for as the cold 
Congeals into a lump the liquid gold ; 50 

So *tU again diilblvM by fummer's heat, 
And the iwect labours both extremes defeat. 
And therefore, not in vain, th* tnduftrious kind 
With diwbv wax and flowers die chinks havejp'd. 

I And 


G E O R G I C TV. I77 

And wttH their (cores of gather 'd glue, contrive $* 
Xo It op the vents and crannies of their hive. 
Not birdlime, or Idean pitch, produce 
A mort; tenacious m&fs of clammy juice. 

Nor bees arc iodg*d in hives alone, but found 
Jn c ham hers of their own, beneath the ground : 60 
Their vaulted roufs arc hung in pumices, 
And in the rotten trunks of hollow trees. 

But plainer thou the chmky hives with clay, 
And leafy branch? t o'er their lodging lay, 
Nor place them where too deep a water flows, £< 
Or where the jc ugh their poifoijous neighbour grow * : 
Nor roan; re d crabs t'offend the nicenefs &f their tune, 
Nor near the fieemlng flench of muddy ground 1 
Nor hallow racks that render back the found. 
And doubled images of voice rebound. 70 t 

For what remains, when golden funs appear, 
And under earth have driven the winter year 1 
The winged nation wanders through the ikies,. 
And o'er the plains and ftiady foreft flies : 
Then, (looping on the meads and leafy bowers, 75 
They (kirn the floods, and (ip the purple flowers. 
Exalted hence, and drunk with fecret joy, 
The young fuccefiion all their cares employ : 
They breed, they brood, in (tract, and educate, 
And make provifion for the future (late : So 

They work their waxen lodgings in their hives, 
And labour honey to fuilain their lives. 
But when thou feed a fwarming cloud arife, 
That^frveeps aloft, and darkens all the Ikies* 

WV. N The 




The motions of their hafty flight attend ; 85 

And know to floods, or woods, their airy inarch they 

Then melfoil beat, and honey-fuckles pound, 
With thefe alluring favours ftrew the ground, 
And mix with tinkling brafs, the cymbal's droning 


Straight to their ancient cells, recall'd from air, 90 
The reconcil'd deferters will repair. 
But if inteftine broils alarm the hive, 
(For two pretenders oft for empire ftrire) 
*the vulgar in divided factions jar; 
And murmuring founds proclaim the civil war. 95 
Inflam'd with ire, and trembling with difflain, 
Scarce can their limbs their mighty fouls contain, 
tVtth fhouts die coward's courage they excite, 
And martial clangors call them out to light : 
With hoarfe alarms the hollow 'camp rebounds, 100 
That imitates the trumpet's angry founds : 
Then to their common ftandard they repair; 
The nimble horfemen fcour the fields of air. 
In form of battle drawn, they iflue forth, 
And every knight is proud to prove his worth. 105 
Prefs'd for their country's honour, and their king's, J 
On their (harp beaks they whet their pointed flings ; > 
And exercife theirarms, and tremble with their wings. J 
Full in the tnidft die haughty monarchs ride, , 1 

The trufty guards come up, and clofe the fide ; 1 10 > 
With ihouts the daring foe to battle is defy'cL J 


G E H G I C IV, *i$ 

Thus in the feafon of unclouded fpring, 
To war tbey follow their undaunted king t 
Crowd through their gates, and in the field? of light, 
The Shocking iquadrons meet in mortal fight : j i $ 
Head Jong they fall from high, and wounded wound, 
And heaps of daughter' d fo Idlers bite the ground* 
Hard halftones lie nor thicker on the phin, 
Nor fliaken oaks fuch mowers of acorns rain, 
With gorgeous wings, the marks of ibvereign fway, 1 so 
The two contending princes make their way; 
Intrepid through the midft of danger go t 
Their friend* encourag0|"ind amaze the foe. 
With mighty fouls injjftrrow bodies preft, 
They challenge , and encounter brtail to brcaft ; 1*5 
So nVd on fame, unknowing how to fly. 
And obftiiiately bent to win or die 5 
That long the doubtful combat they maintain, 
Till one prevails (for one can only reign). 
Yet all thofe dreadful deeds, this deadly fray, rjo 
A cafl of fcatter'd duft will foon allay ; 
And undecided leave the fortune of the day. 
When both the chiefs are funderM from the fight, 
Then to the lawful king reftore his right. 
And let the wafteful prodigal be (lain, 135 

That he, who beft deferves, alone may reign. 
With cafe diftinguilh'd is die regal race : 
One monarch wears an honeft open face : 
Shap'd to his fize, and godlike to behold, 
His royal body fhines with fpecks of gold, 140 

N s And 





And ruddy fcales ; for empire he defign'd, 

Is better born, and of a nobler kind. 

That other looks like nature in difgrace, 

Gaunt are his fides, and fullen is his face : 

And like; their grifly prince appears his gloomy race : . 

Grim, ghaftly, rugged, like a thirfty train 

That long have travel'd through a defart plain, 

And fpit from their dry chaps the gatherM duft again. 

The better, brood, unlike the baftard crew, 

Arc mark-M with royal ftreaks of mining hue ; 1 50 

Glittering and ardent, thoughun body lefs : 

From thefe,' at 'pointed fcaibfts? hope to prefs 

Huge heavy honeycombs, ofjg&lden juice, 

Not only fweet, but pure, and: fit for ufe : 

T' allay the ftrength and hardnefs of the wine, 155 

And with old Bacchus, new metheglin join. 

But when the fwarms are eager of their play, 
And loathe their empty hives, and idly ftray, 
Retrain the wanton fugitives, and take 
A timely care to bring the truants back. 160 

Trie talk is cafy, but to clip the wings 
Of their .high-flyirg arbitrary kings : 
At their command, the people fwann away ; 
Confine rhe tyrant, and the Haves will flay. 
Sweet gardens, full of faffron flowers, invite 165 

The wandering gluttons, and retard their flight. 
Befides the god obicene, who frights away, 
With his lath fword, the thieves and birds of prey. 
With his own hand, the guardian of the bees, 
For flips of pines, may feaicli the mountain trees : 170 




And with wild thyme and favory plant the plain, 
TilT his hard homy fingers ache With pain : 
And deck with fruitful trees the field* around, 
And with re freeing waters drench, the ground. 

Now, did I not Jh near my labours end, 17 c 

Strike fkilj and battening to the harbour tend, 
Mv (ong to flowciT gardens might extend. 
To teach the vegetable arts to (lug 
The Praftan rnfc% and their doable fpring: 
Hmy lueony drinks the running: ftrcam, and how iSa 
Gfetn. beds of parfley near the river grow ; 
How cucumbers along the fu creep, 
With crooked bodies, and with bellies deep. 
Tjie late Narciuus, and die winding trail 
Of bears-foot, myrtles green, and ivy pale. 185 

hen with (lately towers Tarentum ftands, 
And deep OafafUvfbafcs the yellow (ands, 
I chant *d an (Id Corycian lwnm to know, 


Lord of few acre*; and thofe barren too ; 
Unfit for {beep or vines, and more unfit to fow : 
Yet, labouring well his little fpot of ground, 
Some feathering pot-herbs here arid there he found : 
Which, cultivated with His daily care, - 
And bruis'd with vervain, were his frugal fare. 
Sometimes white lilies did their leaves afford, 195 

With wholfome poppy-flowers to mend his homely 

board : 
For late returning home he fupp'd at eafe, 
And wifely deem'd the wealth of monarchs left : 
The little of his own, becaufe bis own, did pleafe 

N3 To 



To qujt hi$ care, he gather'd firft of all »o« 

In fpring the rofes, apples in the fall : 

And whea cold winter fplit the rocks in twain, 

And ice the running rivers did reftrain, 

He. ftripp'd the bears-foot of its leafy growth, 

And, calling Weftern winds, accus'd the fpring of fioih; 

He therefore firft among the iwains was found, 

To reap the product of his labour* d ground, 

And fqueeie the combs with golden liquor crown'd. 

IJis limes were firft in flowers j his lofty pines, 

With friendly (hade, fecur'd his tender vines. % 

For every bloom his trees in fpring afford, 

An autumn apple was by tale reftor'd. 

He knew to rank his elms in even rows : 

For fruit the grafted pear-tree to difpofe : 

And tame to plumbs, the fournefs of the floes. 215 

With fprcading planes he made a cool retreat, 

To (hade good fellows from the fummer's heat. 

But, ftraiten'd in my fpace, I muft forfake 

This talk 5 for others afterwards to take. 

Defcribe we next the nature of the bees, aao 

BeftowM by Jove for fecret fervices : 
When, by the tinkling found of timbrels led, 
The King of heaven in Cretan caves they fed. 
Of all the race of animals, alone 
The bees have common cities of their own, 225 

And common fons, beneath one law they live, 
And with one common ftock their traffic drive. 
Each has a certain home, a feveral ftall : 
All is the date's, the ftate provides for all. 




mare the pant 
tfac iuBOMer > t gain, 

to provides 
art tkafc at home 
fa-ttekbomrMconib, sj* 
I clammy gum. 
fa t c ontrive 1 
of the hive : 
^c purge th# grout, 
the lijuid nectar An t, *** 

to drive 



tCydojt* at th' almighty nod,. 

■■%» for their angry god * 

* th tt»bb ont metal lies, 
ttfce puffing bellows pUet f 
Aad tears, and blows reciprocating air : 
Other* to quench the hiding mafs prepare ; 
Wjsa lifted arms they order every blow, 
And chime their {bunding hammers in a row 1 
With laboured anvils ^Etna groans below. . 
Strongly they ftrike, huge flakes of flames expire, 
With tongs they turn the fteel, and vex it in the fiic. 
If little things with great we may compare, 
Such are the bees, and fuch their bufy care s 
Sfudkras of honey, each in his degree, 
The youthful Twain, the grave experienced bee : 

N* Tliat 



That in the field ; this in affairs of ftate, 260 

Employ 'd at home, abides within the gate : 

To fortify the combs, to build the wall, 

To prop the ruins, left the fabric fall .- 

But late at night, with weary pinions come 

The labouring youth, and heavy laden home. 265 

Plains, meads, and orchards, all the day he plies j 

The gleans of yellow thyme diftend his thighs : 

He fpoils the faffron flowers, he lips the blues 

Of violets, wilding blooms, and willow dews. 

Their toil is common, common is their deep ; 270 

They fliake their wings when morn begins to peep ; 

Rum through the city-gates without delay, 

Nor ends their work but with declining day : 

Then, having fpent the laft remains of light, 

They give their bodies due rcpofe at night : 275 

When hollow- murmurs of their evening bells 

Difmifs the flccpy fwains, and toll them to their cells. 

When once in beds their weary limbs they fteep, 

No buzzing founds difturb their golden deep, 

*Tis lacred filencc all. Nor dare they dray, 2 So 

When rain is promised, or a ftormy day : 

But near the city walls their watering take, 

Nor forage far, but (hort excurfions make. 

And as when empty barks on billows float, 
With fandy ballaft failors trim the boat, 2S5 

So bees bear gravel -ttoncs, whofe poifmg weight 
Sucts through the whittling winds their tteady flight. 

]>ut, what's more ftrange, their modeft appetites, 
A wife from Venus, .fly the nuptial rites. 



G E .O R 6 I C IV. 18$ 

No luft enervates their heroic mind, 290 

$Jor waftes their ftrength on wanton woman-kind, 

But in their mouths refide their genial powers, 

They gather children from the leaves and flowers. 

Thus make they kings to fill the regal feat : 

And thus their little citizens create : 295 

And waxen cities build, the palaces of ftate. 

And oft on rocks their tender wings they tear, 

And fink beneath the burdens which they bear. 

Such rage of honey in their bofom beats : 

And fuch a zeal they have for flowery fweets. 30* 

Thus through the race of life they quickly run j 
Which in the fpace of feven fliort years is done j 
Th* immortal line in fure fuccetfion reigns, 
The fortune of the family remains : 
And grandfires grandfons the long lift contains. 305 

Bcfides, not Egypt, India, Media, more 
With fervile awe, their idol king adore : 
While he iurvives, in concord and content 
The commoris live, by no divifions rent ; 
But the great monarch's death diflblves the govern- 
ment. 310 
All goes to ruin, they themfelves contrive 
To rob the honey, and fubvert the hive. 
The king prefides, his fubje&s' toil furveys ; 
The fervile rout their careful Caefar praife : 
Him they extol, they worihip him alone : 315 
They crowd his levees, .and fupport his throne : 
They raife him on their moulders with a fliout 1 
And when their fovereign's quarrel calls them out, 


- *• ■ . :c> 
t .u. i^u..l -it it". 

iw.i.<.,> K. 

»^«.n. v... ... '.*... > 

IV- . 


*"*&£ then .'.;J*^> ■»-* -«Ui* .-w-i Jululu. 


G E O R G I C IV, it r 

But if a pinching winter thou forcfec* 
And would' ft preierve thy famifli'd family; 
With fragrant thyme the city fumigate, 350 

And break the waxen walls to fave the flare. 
For lurking lizards often lodge, by ftealth. 
Within the fufrurbs, and purloin their wealth. 
And lizards , ihuoning light, a dark retreat 
Have found in combs, and undermtn'd the feat* 355 
Or laxy drones, wifboi in. 

In winter-quarters free 
Or waips infeHf the can tenia 

And mix in battle wirl 1 : 

Or fecrct moths aie thi __ .ed ; 360 

Or fpiders in the vault *cbs have fprcad. 

The more opprefo*d famine ptn'd t 

The more in cr cafe thy «>^e the finking kind. 

With, greens and fimv< rheir empty hives, 

And feek frcih forage "ir lives. 365 

But Knee they ftfut common fate* 

In health and fickneft, of ftate ; 

Obfcrve the fymptoma wrstn tftcy tall away, 
And Unjjuiib with inienfibie decay. 
They change their hue, with hageard eyes they ftare, 360 
Lean aft their looks, and magged is their hair : 
And crowd* of dead, that never mtift return 
To their lov'd hides, in decent pomp ate borne ; 
Their friends attend the hearfe, the next relatione 


The fick, for air f before the portal gafp, 375 

Their feeble legs within each other ciaTuj 




Or idle in their empty hives remain, 

Bcnumb'd with cold, or liftleis of their gain. 

Soft whifpers then and broken founds are heard, 

As when the woods by gentle winds are ftirr'd. i$m 

Such ftifled noife as the clofe furnace hides, 

Or dying- murmurs of departing tides. 

This when thou feeft, Galbanean odours ufe, 

And honey in the fickly hive infufe. 

Through reeden pipes convey the golden flood, 385 

T* invite the people to their wonted food : 

Mix it with .thicken'd juice of fodden wines, 

And raifins from the grapes of Pfythian vines : 

To thefc add pounded galls, and rofes dry, 

And with Cecropian thyme, ftrong-fcented centaury. 

A flower there is that grows in meadow ground, 
Amellus call'd, and eafy to be found : 
For from one root the rifing ftem beftows 
A wood of leaves, and violet-purple boughs. 
The flower itfelf is glorious to behold, 395 

And ihines on altars like, refulgent gold : 
Sharp to the tafte, by fhepherds near the ftream 
Of Mella found, and thence they gave the name. 
Boil this reftoring root in generous wine, 
And fet befide the door the fickly ftock to dine. 400 
But if the labouring Jcind be wholly loft, 
And not to be retriev'd with care or coft, 
'Tis time to touch the precepts of an art, 
Th* Arcadian mafter did of old impart : 
And how he ftock'd his empty hives again 5 405 

Renew'd with putrid gore of oxen (lain. 



An ancient legend I prepare to fing, 

And upward follow Fame's immortal fyiin*: 

For wbete, %nth fcrreti-fold harm, DV^tnoas Nile 
Surround* the ikirrs of JEgynt*i fruitful iHe, 410 

And where la pcenp tile fan-burnt people ride. 
On pointed barges, o'er tike ceemiug tide. 
Which, pouring down frc-m £th*oj>isu lands, 
Make* green the Aoil with dime, and black prolific (and* j 
Tt^r length of repoa, and large trail of ground, 41 5 
In thn one ait a fure relief have fou*i4. 
Firn% in a piace, by nature do&, they build 
A nmw Hoaxing, guzter'd* wall'd, and tij*d+ 
In this* four uindotr* are contrirtl, that ferikc 
To the four winds opposed, their beams oblique, 4i# 
A ftecr of wro years old they cake, whole head 
Now* fcrlt with bramuh'd boras begins to fprrad; 
They ftop his no&riU, while he ftrtves in vain 
To breathe free air, and firuggles with his pain. 
Knock d down, he dies: his bowels brui&'d within, 41$ 
Betray no wound on his unbroken tin- 
Extended thus> in his obfcene abode, 
They leave the bcalt ; but § rft iwect flowers are ftrcw'd 
Beneath hi* body, broken boughs and thyme, 
And pleaiing caiua juA renew 'd in prime. 430 

Thi* muft be done, ere fpring makes equal day, 
When weJrem winds on curling waters play r 
Ere painted meads produce their flowery crops* 
Or IwaUows twitter on the chimnev-tops* 
The tainted blood, in this clofe prilbn pent, 435 

Begins to boil, and through the bones fcnne&r. 


^fffaaaia* bees with po 

i tbcytiy 
l to fly. 
r ftonns rVosn Ipscadkig clouds, 
I poor impetuous floods, 
kvsiio<*i from the Parthian bows, 445 
ass anr tney gall embattled foes, 
^ItfefcJat* m tanpeft through the ikies they fteer, 
t the winged iquadrons bear. 
tGed, O Mufe! this ufeful fcience taught ? 
sBrlf vhtt man's experience wis it b roug h t ? 450 

fed Ariftaras from fair Tempe fled, 
Bs) bees with famine, or difeaies, dead $ 
OnPeneus' banks be flood, and near his holy head. 
Aid while his railing tears the ftream fupply'd, 
Tims monming, to hit mother goddefs cry'd : 455 
If other Cyrene, mother, whoft abode 
Js in the depth of this immortal flood : 
What boots it, that from Phoebus' loins I fpring, 
The third, by him and thee, from heaven's high King? 
O ! where is all thy boafted pity gone, 460 

And promue of the ikies to thy deluded fon ? 
Why didfl thon me, unhappy me, create ? 
Odious to gods, and born to bitter fate, 
Whom, fcarce my (beep, and fcarce my painful plough 
The needful aids of human life allow : 465 

tthad is thy ion, £0 hard a mother thou 

I Proceed, 

3 v 




Proceed, inhuman parent, in thy fcorn ; 

"Root up my treei* with blights deJtroy my corn j 

Mv vineyard* ruin, and ray Jheepfojds burn. 

Let Joofe thy rage, let all thy tptte be fhown, 470 

Since thui thy hate purfucs the praifes of thy Ton 

But from her molly bower below the ground, 

His careful mother heard the plaintive ibund, 

Encompafs'd with her fea- green fitters round* 

One common work they p]y T d : their diftaffs full 47$ 

With carded locks of blue Milefian woul. 

Spio with Diymo brown, and Xauthe fair, 

And fweet Phyllodoce with Jong dimeireTd hair : 

Cydippe with Licotiis, one a maid, 

And one that once had call'd Lucina's aid- 4' • 

Clio and Be roc, from one father both, 

Both girt with gold, and dad in party »colour*d cloth. 

Opts the meek, and Deiopeia proud j 

Nifj?» lofty with Ligsra loud ? 

Thalia joyous, Ephyre* the fad, 48* 

And Arethufa once Duns's maid. 

But now, her quiver left, to love betray'd. 

To thefe, Clymene the fweet theft declares 

Of Mars, and Vulcan's unavailing cares * 

And all the rapes of gods, and every love, 490 

Form ancient Chaos down to youthful Jove. 

Thus While fl*e fings, the fitters turn the wheel, 
Empty the woolly rack, and fill the reel. 
A mournful found again the mother hears 5 
Again the auanafulibuod invades theaters' ears : 495 




: 3 00 J 

v ... ■: »uii Uiti-* Z'l-.r. ..*:?, 

T .. . ;ic»:i. ariaier*:.: /: r.f.» 

1 . '..;;.». ;«u icupirt z -.r: ~ ■.: ivi. 

■: ^;k»h i^L v. L - . : ..'• :«:i.:_.j* bcsd; 
. » » 'iK i'\»in a:* , *. . ? v. *» ■■_•*"•= faid : 
t ■ :»*•: v Jlh :•; . .»:. ■:. - -■::..- : ■ . i i -T, 

V -t-'^" v^ifc c." ..-.: *." ;. :.--':.;: rnrsir- 
- A- -nL-. f '.:>•:' ; -.-- ^ :ve, 
\\ •■. :.= :u» c*s..'t.*:: > r: '.:^':." i* .■.<.:; m* :r.oaa. 
NtLT - : i * ■ t ■ .-. ■_. ;trv*;:. r:c fr: 1 ;. :"' iz : ? . r o 5 

W:: : : ■■:■.-.■. :, -ctf : •.;.•.», v.« c:.-ct:Jt:, cr.d rildcd hardi : 
I prr&ic:."; heaven f.' v. hence hi? ilac?.ge came, 
Aid cruel c-..i > r'x- ^d>, azd cr-el thee, by name. 

Cyrt :!•-•, nio.'d v.:r!i love, and leiz\: with tear, 
Crie* '/-.r, C ,.:Jj.;i. nsy ion, curiduf: him here : 510 
Ti» lav.ful for the youth, dcriv'd from gods, 
To view tJi-r fl-cret* t,f oar deep abodes. 
At 'nut lj.t- w.f. ;d :ili hand on either fide, 
At once lIic rank* «.-f lwi-llintr ftrcams divide. 
Tv-o iitivjr Iic:ip> of liu^iid ciyllai ftand, 515 

And leave a ljjacc lk.-twi\t, or empty llmd. 
Thus i'afc receiv'd, the downward track he treads, 
"Which to i :> mother's WLtcry i\.'.^ce L*aJ>. 
With \\i)iulci'ip^ c\cs lie \ie\\s llie fee ret itore 
Of lakei, |>ent in hollow cave ins roar. 510 

He heais the crackling found of coral woods, 
And lcc. the feci ct lource of lubterranean floods. 
And wliuc, dhliiit;uilh*d in their ieveral cells, 
The louui of riialU and of Lycus dwells ; 



Where fwift Enipeus in hi* bed appears, 5*$ 

And Tiber his majeftic forehead rears. 
Whence Anio flows, and Hypanis, profound. 
Breaks through th' oppofing rocks with raging found* 
Where Po firft hTues from his dark abodes, 
And', awful in his cradle, rules the floods, 539 

Two golden horns on his large front he wears, 
And his grim face a bull's refemblance bears. 
With rapid courfe he feeks the facred main, 
And fattens, as he runs, the fruitful plain. 

Now to the court arriv'd, th' admiring fon 535 

Beholds the vaulted roofs of pory ftone, 
Now to his mother goddefs tells his grief, 
Which (he with pity hears, and promifes relief. 
Th* officious nymphs, attending in a ring, 
With water drawn from their perpetual ipring, 54* 
From earthly dregs his body purify, 
And rub his temples, with fine towels, dry : 
Then load the tables with a liberal feaft, 
And honour with full bowls their friendly guefl. 
The facred altars are involv'd in fmoke*, 545 

And the bright quire their kindred gods invoke. 
Two bowls the mother fills with Lydian wine j 
Then thus, let thefe be pour'd, with rites divine, 
To the great author of our watery line. 
To father Ocean, this ; and this, (he faid, 5 50 1 
Be to the nymphs his facred fillers paid, I 

Who rule the watery plains, and hold the woodland- f 
(hade. J 

Vol. V. O She 

: l 



She fprinkled thrice, with wioe, the vefta. &re 

Tbnce to the vaulted roof the flames afpire. 

Rais'd with fo bieft an omen, fhc begun, 

With words Like thefe to ehear her drooping fan* 

In the Carpathian bottom makes abode 

The mepherd of the feas* a prophet and a god j 

Hi^h o'er the main in watery pomp he ndc^, 

His asure car and finny courfeM guides t 

Proteus his name ; to his Fallen ian port 

I fee from far the weary god refort. 

Him i not alone, we river- gods adore, 

But aged Kerens hearkens to his lore. 

With fare forefighr, and with unerring doom, 565 

He fees what is, and was, and is to come. 

This Neptune gave him, when he gave to keep 

His Jcaly nocks, that graae the watery d 

Implore his aid, for Proteus only knows 

The fecret caufe, and cure of all thy woes* 

But firft the wily wizard muft be caught, 

For unconfixain'd he nothing tells for nought 5 

Nor h with prayers, or bribes, or flattery bought. 

Surprize him nrft, and with hard fetters bind j 

Then all his frauds will vanim Into wind. 5 

I Prill myfelf conduft thee on thy way, 

When next the fouthing fun inflames the diy : 

Wben the dry herbage thirfts for dews in vain, 

And fhctrp, in fhades, avoid the parching plain ; 

Then w ill I lead thee to his fecret Teat ; 580 

.11, woLisy w "ith his toil, and frorchM with heat, 
The wayward lire frequents his cool retreat. 

His eye* with heavy flumber overcaft j 
With force invade his limbs, and bind bi 
Thus furely bound, yet be not over bold, 
The flippery god will try to loofe his hold ; 
Ami various forms a flu me, to cheat thy fight; 
And with vain images of beads affright. 
With foamy tufks will feem a briftly boar. 
Or imitate the lion's acgry roar ; 

Break out in crackling **' 

— -" tthy&are, 

Or hii& a dragon, or a 

Or with a wile, thy ca 

M UCtl 

In fleeting ftreams arte 

flide „. r jLf t 

But thou, the more hi 

c frt rms, beware 

To drain his fetters w 

er care : 

Till, tiring all his art? 

rns again 

To his true fliape, in < 

firft Avas feen* 

This faid, with ne£ 

r ion anoints ; 

lnfufing vigour throuj 

: ji'tnl joints : 

Down from his head t 

odours ran x 

He breath'd of heaven 

k.*6 above a man. 







Within a mountain's nollow womb there lies 
A large recefs, cdnceal'd from human eyes ; 
Where heaps of billows, driven by wind and tide, 605 
In form, of war, their watery ranks divide ; 
And there, like fentries iet, without the mouth abidt j 
A ftation fafe for (hips, when tempefts roar, 
A (ilent harbour, and a coverM more. 
Secure within refides the various god, 610 

And draws a rock upon bis dark abode. 

O z Hither 



Hither with filent fteps, fecure from fight, 

The goddefs guides her (on, and turns him from die " 

fierfelf , involv'd in clouds, precipitates her flight. 

'Twas noon j the fultry dog-ftar from the iky 61$ 
Scorch'd Indian (wains, die rivel'd grafs was dry; 
The fun, wkh flaming arrows, pierc'd the flood, 
And, darting to the bottom, bak'd the mud; 
Tyhen weary Proteus, from the briny waves, 
Retir'd for fhelter to his wonted cares : 600 

His finny flocks about their fhepherd play, 
And, rolling round him, fpirt the bitter fea. 
Unwieldily they wallow firft in ooze, 
Then in die ihady covert feek repofe. 
Himfelf their herdfman, on the middle mount, 4a $ 
Takes of his mutter' d flocks a juft account. 
So, feated on a rock, a fhepherd's groom 
Surveys his evening flocks returning home 1 
When lowing calves, and bleating lambs, from far, 
Provoke the prouling wolf to nightly war. 630 

Th' occafion offers, and the youth complies : 
For fcarce the weary god had clos'd his eyes, 
When ruftiing on, with ihouts, he binds in chains 
The drowfy prophet, and his limbs cpnftrains. 
He, not unmindful of his ufual art, 635 

Firft in diiTembled fire attempts to part : 
Then roaring beafts and running ftreams he tries, 
And wearies all his miracles of lies : 
But, having (hifted every form to 'fcape, 
£onvinc'd of conqueft, he refum'd his lhape; 640 



And thus, at length, in human accent fy 
j± edacious youth, what madnefs could pi 
A mortal man t 1 invade a fleeping god ? 
What buiineft "brought thee to my dark abode? 

To this th* audacious youth ; Thou know 'ft full 


My name, and bufmefs, god, nor need I tell : 
No man can Proteus cheat ; but, Proteus, leave 


Thy fraudful arts, an 
Following the gods' c 
Thy help, my perinV' 
The ieer, who could i 
Roll*d his green eyes, 
And gnafiVd his teeth 
Perfues thy crimes, n 
Thy great rmfdeeds h 
And Orpheus 1 dying 
For crimes, not hk, : 
And at thy hands req 

1 deceive. 

:ome t 1 implore 
j reftore. , 65a 

: his wrath afluage, 
rkled with his rage ; 
.y*d, No vulgar god 
a common rod, 
l due reward, I 855 
> -4 length arc heard ; 
oft his life, 
nurder'd wife; 

Nor (if the Fates affin not j canft thou *fcape 

The juft revenge of that intended rape. 66» 

To fhun thy lawlefs luft, the dying bride, 

Unwary, took akrag the river's fide : 

Nor at her heels perceiv'd the deadly fnake* 

That keeps the bank, in covert of the brake. 

But all her fellow-nymphs the mountains tear 6*65 

With loud laments, and bftak the yielding air : 

The realms of Mars remurmur'd all around, 

And echoes to th' Athenian fhores rebounaV 

# Oj , The 

1*5 >rl * HBXS Ttic-rr. 

W UiMj^^.hMtad^ kmfinnt mm c 

Aj|4>wg)i|^hiiiw«iiirfiiii iniiuflwiiili ifa iiin 

Nqk WNtfc thrj nmsnVd wnft dfcc ftsnrag dam. 
J9>bj t»-w cvk «waKBj0B» «* ok nePB; 

Atarfend befat ih* iaeiorabfc kiag. 
TO? Jnfinraal wwpi Kkc fading aiidna i gjEde, 

crowd the (wwt mkbi's ide. **• 
( of nrat WDM dfirta by Hwt or bh j bTj , 
i to the fc^widifo thick a (light, 
Men* matron*, cfcfkfos, sad oY aaawryM mid, ^ 
• The mighty heroes more an jefticfmde; > 

Aad youth* 00 faaend pile* before their parents laid. J 
All tbefe Cocytus bounds with (qoalid reeds, 
With muddy ditches , and with deadly weeds : 
Aad baleful Styx eacompanes around, 
With nine (low circling Attains, th' unhappy ground. 
Ev'n from the depths of hell the damn'd advance, 69* 
Th' infernal manfions nodding (cem to dance : 
The gaping three-mouth'd dog forgets to fnarl, 
The Furict hearken, and their (hakes uncurl : 
Xiion (eem* no more his pain to feel, . 
But leans attentive on his (landing- wheel. 695 

• Thli whole line if taken from the Marquis of Notman- 

by'i trtftJUtioa* Darnta, 


£ is b k <S i c iv. 5 19$ 

All dangers paft, at length the lovely bride 
In fafety goes, with her melodious guide $ 
Longing the common light again to ihare, 
And draw the vital breath of upper air : 
He firft, and clofe behind him follow'd fhe, 700 

For fuch was Proferpine's fevere decree. 
"VVhen ftrong defires th* impatient youth invade; 
By little caution and much love betray'd j 
A faitft which eafy pardon might receive, 
Were lovers judges, or could hell forgive. 705 

For near the confines of etherial light, • 

And longing for the glimmering of a light, 
Th' unwary lover caft his eyes behind, 
Forgetful of the law, nor matter of his mind. 
Straight all his hopes exhal'd in empty fmoke 5 710 
And his long toils were forfeit for a look. 
Three flafhes of blue lightning gave the fign 
Of covenants broke, three peals of thunder join. 
Then thus the bride : What fury feiz'd on thee, 
Unhappy man ! to lofe thyfelf and me ? 715 

•Bragg'd back again by cruel deftinies, 
An iron (lumber ihut my fwimming eyes. 
And now farewel, involved in fhades of night, 
For ever I am ravifiVd from thy fight. 
In vain I reach my feeble hands to join 729 

In fweet embraces ; ah ! no longer thine ! 
She faid, and from his eyes the fleeting fair 
Retir'd like fubtle fmoke diflblv'd in air j 
And kft her hopelefc lover in defpair. 

O4 In 



In vain, with folding arms, the youth eflay'd 725 
To flop her flight, and ftrain the flying fliade : 
He prays, he raves, all means in vain he tries, 
"With rage inflamM, aftonifh'd with furprize : 
But flie return' d no more, to blefs his longing eyes. 
Nor would th' infernal Ferry-man once more 73* 

Be brib'd, to waft him to the farther fhore. 
What fliould he do, who twice had loft his love ? 
What notes invent, what new petitions move ? 
Her foul already was confign'd to fate, 
And fhivering in the leaky fculler fate. 735 

For feven continued months, if fame fay true, 
The wretched fwain his forrows did renew; 
By Strymon's freezing ft reams he fate alone, 
The rocks were mov'd to pity with his moan : 
Trees bent their heads to hear him fmg his wrongs : 
Fierce tigers coucn'd around, and loll'd their fawning 
So, clofe in poplar fhades, her children gone, 

The mother nightingale laments alone : 

Whofe neft fome prying churl had found, and thence, 

By ftealth, convey' d tji' unfeather'd innocence. 745 

But fhe fupplies the night with mournful (trains, 

And melancholy mufic fills the plains. 

Sad Orpheus thus his tedious hours employs, 

Averfe from Venus, and from nuptial joys. 

Alone he tempts the frozen floods, alone 750 

Th' unhappy climes, where fpring was never known ; 

He mourn'd his wretched wife, in vain reftor'd, 

And Pluto's unavailing boon deplor'd. 



The Thracian matrons, who the youth 
Of love difdain^d, and marriage rite* refo *« 

Willi furirs and nocturnal orgies nVd, 
At length, againji his focred life confpirM. 
Whom ev ? n the lavage beafts bad fpar*d, they tfll'd, 
And Jirew'd His mangled limbs about the field, 
Then, when his head from hi* fair moulders torn, 
Waih'd by the i* iters, was on Hebnis borne $ 
£v'n then hii trembling tongue raTok*d his bride j 
With hii lafi voice, E Ike, « ery*d, 
Eurydiccj the rocks a* — -*ver-banks replyM, 
Thi* anlwer Proteui gare* ] more he (aid, 765" 
But in the billowi plu hoary head j 

And where be leaped *«rei in cuxkt widely 


The nvmph return* drooping ion to chear, 

And bade him baniih fluouf fear; 

For now, faidflie, the 1 rn T from whence 770 

Thy wee fnccecded, 1 t offence : 

The ny mpfai , compan chappy maid, 

This punKhment upon cny lju^ have laid ; 
And fent a plague among thy thriving bees. 
With vows and fuppliant prayers their powers appeafe; 
The foft Napzan race will fbon repent 
Their anger, and remit the puniihment : 
The fecret in an eafy method lies ; 
Select four brawny bulls for facrifice, 
Which on Lycaeus graze, without a guide ; 7 to 

Add four fair heifers yet in yoke untry 'd : 




With conquering arts aiTerts his country 1 * caufe, 
%Vkh art* of peace the willing people draw* ; 
On the glad earth the golden age renews. 
And hi; great father's path to heaven puriue*. 
While I at Naples pais my peaceful days, 
Affe£ting Indies of lefi aoifj pralfe : 
And bold, through youth, beneath the bectbeti hade, 
The lays of ihepherds, and their loves, hare play'd* 



I L»S 

i a 




A K 9 
IltIfi«TOF TBtHtCT lOlllOlCflOf ntCAlTlti 

AN Heroic Poem* truly fiich, is nadtabtedly rite 
gncatcft wotk which the ftrel of a man b capable 
to perform* The defiga of it is to form die mind to 
heroic virtue by example ; it it conveyed in rtiie, mar 
it may delight while it inftru£H -- ike a^ioa of ie h al- 
ways one, entire, and great. The leaft and moft tri- 
vial epi lodes, or under-actions, which are interwoven 
in it, are parts either necenary, or convenient, to cany 
on the main defign. Either ib neceflary, that without 
them the poem mult be imperfe&; or fo convenient, 
that no others can be imagined more fnitabk to the 
place in which they are. There is nothing to be left 
void in a firm building ; even the cavities ought not to 
be filled with rubbifli, which is of a perimable kind, 
deftru&ivc to the ftrcngth. : but with brick or ftone* 
4 though 

. - ..--5 *.. A.\.:.c:« Li'L .'i3in hiTt in- 

'-■<-.. . :/ .:.i:^ -^»= miiz is Tzi'lcd. 

:..-. ...i .: yiz-jJ^'im rcccil?; rr- that which is 

..*3». .! ... .;. .: ;.:v.z:. „>&• rxJs-5 ihc ibul, and 

.. La. .::.■..-._. , -__.; .cat" .•".ttss.j .: zpin, and un- 
\.:-i» it -:j ..i-s. On* ;:c..i ;cr> r: the poet's aim, 
v.«; ...... r l=^:..-.j -:.-... ■■.■:fit ■»■?_::• i: :* driving on, 

!ij. -::- , 2-"- - . i."*^:..a^ :.i tv^rs i_j: * : :r.-s other iiackens 
:.:. ^icc, i: _ . ;._-:, .-..m ::\,in ii._, ■*»-.: f zzi *:cks him up 
:;«ce i ktlihs-sfri-.s in as socai^t^i nftle. when he 
ih.. -11 x; -_-: :-i.._; !i*» =.-!t i*:- v:2r«:?. Sntius, as 
S^rTi l"u^ .■ ^.l ^ciu^v.c, •*» icj^irj. .? rf tiying his 
ftrur^ta -*.tli his i^t*.. V:w-!, i> Virgil hid before 
t.-.Li >.:* ■.-.::>. H ■..:.*;. T^ Gr«-jji ;rvs the two 
He .xj:> in :Xi.: T .-., ' :* :>.*. = jjiics waic h w v re ce i cbra- 
ud ^ the r'w— .^.> .: 'A:, -v.-*. V:;^„ :;".:it?d the in- 
Vc..::j:. :: rl ..:.*.. :>-: . v. . ._ l.-, .v.t>. Sjt both 
tr.L G.-.*.* ....... - -- :. w. ..** :'. . v. -i ■".*■.*> t :■:::*. the 

ii-'-\--: : 6 '. ....:».> .:*:_■.*.:*.. v.t:* bcth 

*--.:: .: ...^.ii^. ._.:i:. 6 :.... : >: A : _^ .- ..-. ti-.rvuch 

k-* ■ - 1 .-.- -vw..., , ■.,;u -■:■» .iii: .: ^■.•I'i..:": i?.d 

J»-^a j: :..:.., :..;w._ .* :» / .:i^, ■.» .k :ii.j, :: >-i'.i i^se, 

***■■" *-hc j*...::! .; C»jaat^? f i-i:: lhuiuo. u . T-i.-s. cr 

" "Uiti u: :l ? -c-.c*. „.!.». :« t .,...» x '.»ro ^ - l-.c:<xs all 

W mo;c pru^ciiy Io» tiic lii^.^ ..nd cr the rwo. 

4 bnchc:-», 


hers, whofe exequies the next fuccetfor had Icifure 
to perform, when the fiege was riij'ed, and in the in- 
rental betwixt the poet's firft a£tion and his fecond, 
went out of his way, as it were on propenfc malice, to 
commit a fault : for he took his opportunity to kill a 
royaJ infant, by the means of a Terpen t (that author of 
all evil), to make way for thofe funeral honours which 
he intended for him. Now if this innocent had been, 
of any relation to his Tkcbais ; if he had either fur- 
thered or hindered the taking of the town, the poet 
might have found ibme forry excufe at feaft for the de- 
taining the reader from the promifed fiege. On thefc terms, 
this Capaneus of a poet engaged his two immortal pre- 
deceflbrs, and his fuccefs was anfwerable to his enter- 

if this oec^nomy muft be obferved in the minuteft 
parts of an epic poem, which, to a common reader, 
ieem to be detached from the body, and almoft inde- 
pendent of it, \\ hat fbul, though fent into the wotld 
with great advantages of nature, cultivated with the 
liberal arts and fciences, converfant with hiftories of the 
dead, and enriched with obfervations on the living, 
can be fufficient to inform the whole body of fo great 
a work ? I touch here but tranfiently, without any 
ftri£t, method, on fome few of thofe many rules of imi- 
tating nature, which Ariftotle drew from Homer's 
Iliads and Odyfles, and which he fitted to the drama ; 
furniftiing himfelf alfo with obfervations from the prac- 
tice of the theatre, when it flourifhed under iEfchylus, 
Eurypides, and Sophocles. For the original of the 

Vol. V. P ftaee 



ftage was from the epic poem. Narration, doubtlefs, 
preceded acting, and gave laws to it : what at firft was 
told artfully, was, in procefs of time, reptefented 
gracefully to the aght and hearing. Thofe epiibdes of 
Homer, which were proper for the ftage, die poets am- 
plified each into an a&on : out of his limbs they 
fcrmd their bodies : what he had contracted they en- 
bxgtd* out of om Hercules were made Infinity of 
ry$f*m* y«t all endued with human fouls : for from 
bun fatk peat creator, they hare each of them the 
^ Avia»fftrtkuN»aaur«/* They flowed from him at 
Mx a*dtt« ttUftttlbfred into him. Nor were they 
«0^aAMX«Mdbyh»i» but their meafurc and fymme- 
Ky waft ow«a$ to him* His one, entire, and great ac- 
tio* w«i eofifed by them according to the proportions 
of ttednma* if be finiaed hh orb within the year, 
it fcfictd to tench them, that their a&km being lefs, 
ajfed being alio lefs dhrerfified with incidents, their orb, 
of confequence, muft be circumfcribed in a lefs com- 
aafs, which they reduced within the limits either of a 
natural or an artificial day : fo that as he taught them 
to amplify what he had (hortened, by the fame rule 
applied the contrary way, he taught them to fhorten 
what he had amplified. Tragedy is the miniature of 
ti n m a n life : an epic poem is the draught at length. 
Here, my Lord, I muft contract alio ; for, before I 
was aware, I was almoft running into a long digreflion, 
to prove that there is no fuch abfolute neceflity that the 
* of a ftage-a&ion mould fo ftriftly be confined to 
our hours, as never to exceed thera, for which 



*ie contends j and the Grecian ft age [&d m 

Some longer fpaec, on fome occaikms, I j be 

allowed, cfpecially for the Englilh theatre* wmeft re- 
quires more variety of incidents than the French. 
Cometl ie himfclf, after long practice, was inclined to 
thinks that the time allotted by the andentt was too 
(hurt to raife and finim a great aclion ; and better a 
mechanic rule were flretched or broken, than a great 
beauty were omitted raife, and afterwards to- 

calm the paSions, to j c L £ic foul from pride, by the 
ies, which be fa I the greateft; 
i'ogan cc f and Introduce com- 
j of tragedy. Great, X mult 
thcr a» true as they are 
«.o be introduced at three 
;*j djieafes fo fuddenly re- 
wotnife fuch a cure, but 
idertake it* An epic 
, 4 t works leifurely ; the 
changes which it makes are tlow ; but the cure is likely 
to be more perfect. The effe&s of tragedy, as I faid, 
are too violent to be lading. If it be anfwered, that 
for this reafon tragedies are often to be feen, and the 
dofe to be repeated j this is tacitly to confefs, that there 
is more virtue in one heroic poem, than in many tra- 
gedies. A man is humbled one day, and his pride 
returns the next. Chymical medicines are obferved to 
relieve oftener than to cure : for it is the nature of 
fpirits to make fwift impreflions, but not deep. Ga- 
lenical deco&ons, to which I may properly compare 
Pa an 

Dplcs of human r 
in few words, to cxp< 
pafikui, are the great < 
confefa t if they wen 
pompons. But are 1 
hours warning ? Are 
moved ? A mountebs 
s fkiJfnl phytician v 
poem is xiot lb much 

* W f&r,. jsT*-. 3UK-. r JDtCT ZL 7TT- 

*r- t*w 's ?ttar . T ir- an. ~aesr ibuz: i k 

vp*-f*v-^ r urn *- frrn 3 

^ifsn- m*sk»- .ifc tr-^r- ror,- a. «ed iiac s.3nufc- 

*»> « He ^vn^csi tr i r^r- JL aamc nar k hx- 
+* rwuf- ite vlUr it et Imc& Hat s. aymmnr.. 
W-^tfis- -tie kniL' ; utr n. pz & He 32lhil e mm* 

>nf«vrt a «?! iiin tmru cr ^ .ant je jl \rre jss rca» 
«tir*i ^5c-.. - jfcnni r^sr test as. Jt ii.jMi. - ^ an n acr 
5^«(«f^*. * vuif smtcqumr?., rut cmazuck 
4* Ay-vww!t -^ c;i5:ir xwjuvz- situ ^e Tin* if zhgt d> 
^MHov^w^ut^ <« juv «: grume it :=e rssrer «r Lei 
pAvtfji, f&i vs&tr.* -viae Trait i. ia=s s 2 ra- 

|0pX ■„- ■.^u'A yt JUVT- '//.-Ai-,: -i EL £T'i: T»iX.= tzctc 

^»Xa •* f .«.v~.v: # -s /*.-» -rvsrisd. aiu. r^ ;irr vvi; 
*.*-< KvA t: /,■**, i'.^ *-vi"ii- tiuiL tiu narr^vafii- cf 
fS> ':/-?.%* '*.- *.'.-:.- * *i;* *:.::, 1?.; {lufciir ^c li i}!c 
!.*/'#, i..i ':.i'/ w - *■ ■■■■-.*;, : .1 c->£:-Liii" . J*: riir^ii^. iis 
J'*\ , *'• '■■'■■ •"■■'■ '■■*;t virrji :_;> pc*: c-ves 
\tt*t., i*'.* •. i..'- '. 1: */:/j,::*.\ -?. - "*i L.t r^r_nlljprcne 
1/, » M „i. «»i. w ;.,i v.« a/itst'tTc: a :.j ::eq^en: a::s produce 

* d-ilfff. If »!i«. l»«.j#/'» r!,j«:f quality be vicious, as for 
*>«4Mt|#U 4 Mh *}»/,!« 1 aiM ohftmate defire of vengeance 
)m A»I»i!I*" # y«f I Im- moral i« inftructive : and befides, 
♦•■(. mm* InltMiiif (| im f|u: vciy propofition of the Iliads, 
jluil liU rtM^n Witt iN-micioui) that it brought a thou - 

4 fand 


fand ills on the Grecian camp* The courage of Achj I- 

la is propofed to imitation, not his pride and dilnbe- 
dience to his general* nor his brutal cruelty to hU dead 
enemy, nor the felling his body to his father. We 
abhor thefc actions while we read them, and what we 
abhor we never imitate : the poet only Ihews them like 
rocks or quick- fend*, to be ihuiuied. 

By this example, the critics have concluded that it 
is not Decenary the manners of the hero mould be vir- 
tuous. They arc poetical I y good if they are of a piece. 
Though where a character of per feci virtue is fct be- 
fore us, it is more lovely ; for there the whole hero is 
to be imitated. This is the ./Eneas of our author : 
this is that idea of perfection in an epic poem, which 
painters and llatuarics have only in their minds ; and 
which no hands arc able to cxprefs* Tin. ic are the 
beauties of a god in a human body* When the picture 
of Achilles is drawn in tragedv, he is taken with tho(e 
warts, aad moles, and hard features, by thole who 
Tcprefcnt him on the itagc, or he h no more Achilles : 
for his creator Homer has fo defcribed him. Yet even 
thus he appears a perfect hero, though an imperfect 
character of virtue. Horace paints him after Homer, 
and delivers him to be copied on the ftage with all thole 
imperfections. Therefore they are either not faults in 
an heroic poem, or faults common to the drama. Af- 
ter all, on the whole merits of the caufe, it muft be 
acknowledged that the epic poem is more for the man- 
ners, and tragedy for the paHions. The paiiions, as I 
have fkid, are violent; and acute diftempers require 
P 3 . medi- 


wttmxnsts or afaoBg and qpecgy openfju III habits 
•» tKmnad arc, lake csflmtcu. anaBf go be cmrccced 

r J** «*«*» g"»d airy and 
: the gscateft port. Thtiitu 
r it will appear that both satis of poe- 
try as* of tifc for diek proper ends. Theftagc ismore 
adivc, the epic poem works at greater leifsse, yet is 
afhed too, wJkb seed rtaaircs. For dialogue is an- 
tated by die drama, from die mose aftrre parts of it. 
Ooe pots of a fit like die qoinqnmm, and relieves as 
mAj form time; the other roots oat the drftemper, and 
gyves a healthful habit. The fan. enlightens and chears 
us, diipels fogs, and warms die ground with his daily 
fecams ; hot the corn n lowed, incrcafes, is ripened, 
and is reaped for vie in proceis of time, and in its pro- 
per leafim. I proceed from the greatness of the action, 
to the dignity of the a&ors, I mean the perfons em- 
ployed in both poems. There likewiie tragedy will 
he Jcen to borrow from the epopee ; and that which 
"borrows is always of lefs dignity, becaufc it has not of 
its own. A fubje&, it is true, may lend to his fbve- 
reign ; but the a£t of borrowing makes the king infe- 
rior, becaufe he wants, and the fubjeft fupplies. And 
fuppofe the perfons of the drama wholly fabulous, or 
of the poet's invention, yet heroic poetry gave him the 
examples of that. invention, becaufe it was firft, and 
Homer the common father of the ftage. I know not 
of any one advantage which tragedy can boaft above 
Jberoic poetry, but that it is reprefcnted to the view, as 



as on 
I and 


well as read : and inftrufb in the cloJet 
the theatre. This is an uneontended c 
a. chief branch of its prerogative i yet I ui*j mm allow* 
ed to lay* tvithout partiality, that herein the actors fliane 
the poet's praife- Your Lordlhip knows fome modern 
tragedies which are beautiful on the ftagc, and yet I 
am confident you would not read them, Triphon, the 
flat Loner, complains ihev are ft idem aiked for la his 

fhop. The poet who 
in the Ruclle ; nay i 
poet by thofe who fee 
delight. They are \ 
childiihneiL Nothii 
plcafure ; where thai 
painting, the fine wo 

I might alio add, 
pJeafe, but are real b 
j>ear abfurd upon tb 
" ipeciofa miraeula," 
mar ions, of Scvlla, _ 

he fcene, is damned 

at efteemed a good 

itcrdt w extravagancies with 

f ftately fuitiao, and lofty 

ature can give a lincerc 

imitated, it is grotefque 

. vuds-in a fifths tail. 

nany things, which not only 

in the reading, would &p- 

and tliolc not only the 

ct calls them, of transfor- 

r^^acs* and the Lcflrigons, 
which cannot be reprefented even in operas, but the 
prowefs of Achilles, or tineas, would appear ridicu- 
lous in our dwarf-heroes of the theatre. We can be- 
Hevc they routed armies in Homer, or in Virgil ; but 
" ne Hercules contra duos" in the drama. I forbear to 
inftance in many things, which the ftage cannot, or 
ought not to reprefent. For I have faid already more 
than I intended on this fubjett, and fhould fear it 
might be turned againft me ; that I plead for the pre- 
eminence of epic poetry, becaufe I have taken fome 

P 4 pains 

* \". 

^.. Wi. -.sins -:r 
..t -inc. .'en 

:...■.*. :."* \cv.v 

...<* cxpofisv chu: 


I give the unknown author his due cw^yi. 
tion, I mat coofefe : but who caa ani wer for ■— , and 
for the re& of die pacts* who beard mc read me pcem* 
whether we mould doc have been better pleaded to bare 
ices our vwn names at the bottom of toe title-page * 
Perhaps we commended if the more T that we aright 
Jean to be abort the ceo hire. We arc aitnealiy ihi- 
ptenfed with aa unknown crick, as the ladies are with 
a lampooner £ because we are bitten in the dark, and 
know not where to f&iicn oox revenge, Bui great ex- 
cellencies wtii work their way through all lores of op- 
pMilion, 1 applauded rather oat of decent? thmi af- 
fr<5tian ; and mas ambitions, as fame yet can wknefi, 
to be acquainted with a man with whom I bad the ho- 
nour to oonrerJc* and that almoft daily, for fo many 
yean together* Heaven knows, if I have heartily for- 
given mi this deceit* i extorted a praiie, which I 
Mould willingly hare en had I known you. No- 
thing bad been more « than to commend a patron of 
a long ftanding* The norld would Join with me* if 
the encomiums were jutt y and if unjuit, would excufe 
a grateful nattrrcr. But to come anonymous upon me, 

not altogether fo fair, give me leave to fay, as it was 
politic. For, by concealing your quality, you might 
clearly understand how your work fucceeded j and that 
the general approbation was given to your merit, not 
your titles. Thus, like Apelles, you flood unieen 
behind your own Venus, and received the praiies of the 
paffing multitude : the work was commended, not the 

author : 


author: and I doubt not, this was one of the moft 
pleating adventures of your life. 

I have detained your Lordfhip longer than I intend- 
ed in this difpute of preference betwixt the epic poem 
and the drama : and yet have not formally aoiwered 
any of the arguments which are brought by Ariftotle 
on the other fide, and fet in the faireft light by Dacier. 
But I fuppofe, without looking on the book, I may 
have touched on fome of the objections. For, in this 
addrefs to your Lordfhip, I defign not a treatife of 
heroic poetry, but write in a loofe epiftolary way, 
fomewhat tending to that fubject, after the example of 
Horace, in his firft epiftle of the fecond book to Au- 
gustus Caefar, and of that to the Pifos, which we call 
his Art of Poetry. In both of which he obferves "no 
method that I can trace, whatever Scaliger the father, 
or Heinfius, may have feen, or rather think they had 
feen. I have taken up, laid down, and refumed, as 
often as I pleafed, the fame fubjecl: : and this loofe pro- 
ceeding I fhall ufe through all this prefatory Dedica- 
tion. Yet all this while I have been failing with fome 
fide-wind or other toward the point I propofed in the 
beginning ; the greatnefs and excellency of an heroic 
poem, with fome of the difficulties which attend that 
work. The comparifon therefore which I made be- 
twixt the epopee, and the tragedy, was not altoge- 
ther a digreffion ; for it is concluded on all hands, that 
they are both the mafter-pieces of human wit. 

In the mean time, I may be bold to draw this corol- 
lary from what has been already faid, That the file of 



heroic poet* is *trr flrart t all are not fucH \ hare 
a framed that lofty title in ancient or moder ;**, or 
have been to cfteeraed by their partial and ignorant ad- 

TlwiebaveDeen but one grcat^M*. and one ^Jiiew* 
Jo fo many ages. The next, but the next \*»th a long 
intern I betwixt, wis the Jerutklem : I mean not ia 
much in di&mte of time* as in excellency. After 
thefe throe are entered, fome Lord Chamberlain fhould 
be appointed, ibtne critic of autharit y flmuld be let be- 
fore the door* to keep out a crowd of little poets * who 
pre! s for admiiEon, and are nor of quality. Mxviu* 
would be deafening jour Lord blip's cam, with hi* 

M Fortunam Priam i * tbo, Ik nobik bell vim." 

M^rt fwflian, as Horaci would tetl you from behind, 
without preifitig fbrwar and more fmokc than lire* 
Pulci, Boy&ido, and A al^o, would cry out, Make 
room for the Italian pc ts, the dcfccndnnts of Virgil 
in a right line. Father i„e Moin, with his Saint Loui? ; 
and Scudery with his Alaric, for a godly king, and a 
Gothic conqueror; and Chapelain would take it ill 
that his maid (hould be refufed a place with Helen and 
Lavinia. Spenfer has a better plea for his Fairy Queen, 
had his action been finiihed, or had been one. And 
Milton, if the devil had not been his hero, inftead of 
Adam, if the giant had not foiled the knight, and 
•driven him out of his ftrong hold, to wander 
through the world with his lady-errant 5 and if there 
lad not been mora machining pcrfons than human, in 



his poem. After thefe, the reft of our Englifh poets 
ihall not be mentioned. I have that honour for them 
which I ought to have ,• but if they are worthies, they 
are not to be ranked amongft the three whom I have 
named, and who are eftablifned in their reputation. 

Before I quitted the companion betwixt epic poetry 
and tragedy, I mould have acquainted my judge with 
one advantage of the former over the latter, which I 
now cafually remember out of the preface of Segrais 
before his tranflation of the ^Eneis, or out of Bofifu, 
no matter which. The ftyle of the heroic poem is, 
and ought to be, more lofty than that of the drama. 
The critic is certainly in the right, for the reafon al- 
ready urged : the work of tragedy is on the paffions ; 
and, in a dialogue, both of them abhor ftrong meta- 
phors, in which the epopee delights. A poet cannot 
fpeak too plainly on the ftage : for, " Volat irrevocable 
verbum;" the fenfe is loft, if it be not taken flying; 
but what we read alone, we have leifure to digcft. 
There an author may beautify his fenfe by the boldnefs 
of his exprcffion, which, if we underftand not fully 
at the firft, we may dwell upon it, till we find the fe- 
cret force and excellence. That which cures the man- 
ners by alterative phyfic, as I faid before, muft pro- 
ceed by infenfible degrees ; but that which purges the 
paffions, muft do its bufinefs all at once, or wholly 
fail of its effect, at leaft in the prefent operation, and 
without repeated dofes. We muft beat the iron while 
it is hot, but we may polifh it at leifure. Thus, my 
Lord, you pay the fine of my forgetfulnefs j and yet 


ike Hannibal, I am called back to the defence 
wn country. Virgil is attacked by many ene- 
ae has a whole confederacy againft him, and I 
dcavour to defend him as well as I am able, 
ir principal objections being againft his moral, 
ition or length of time taken up in the action 
>oem, and what they have to urge againft the 
i of his hero ; I (hall omit the reft as mere ca- 
ramon arians ; at the worft but cafual flips of a 
in's pen, or inconfiderable faults of an admi- 
:m, which the author had not leifure to review 
is death. Macrobius has anfwered what the 
could urge againft him ; and fome things I 
cly read in Tanneguy, le Fcvre, Valois, and 
whom I name not, which are fcarce worth an- 
, They begin with the moral of his poem, 
have clfewhere confellcd, and ftill muft own, 
e fo noble as that of Homer. But let both be 
ited; and, without contradicting my firft opi- 
can fhew that Virgil's was as ufeful to the Ro- 


twixt confederate ftates and princes engaged in a war 
with a mighty monarch ; as alfo of difcipline in an 
army, and obedience in their feveral chiefs, to the fu- 
preme commander of the joint forces. To inculcate 
this, he fets forth the ruinous effe&s of difcord in the 
camp of thoie allies, occasioned by the quarrel betwixt 
the general, and one of the next in office under him. 
Agamemnon gives the provocation, and Achilles- 
refents the injury. Both parties are faulty in the quar- 
rel, and accordingly they are both punifhed : the ag- 
greffor is forced to fue for peace to his inferior on dif- 
honourable conditions j the deferter refufes the farjs- 
fa&ion offered, and his obftinacy cofts him his beft 
friend. This works the natural effect of choler, and 
turns his rage againft him by whom he was laft af- 
fronted, and moft fenfibly. The greater anger expels 
the lefs ; but his character is ftill preferved. In the 
mean time, the Grecian army receives lofs on lofs, and 
is half deftroyed by a peftilence into the bargain. 

" Quicquid delirant reges, ple&untur Achivi. ,> 

As the poet, in the firft part of the example, had 
fhewn the bad effects of difcord, fo after the reconcile- 
ment, he gives the good effefts of unity. For He&or 
is flain, and then Troy muft fall. By this it is pro- 
bable, that Homer lived when the Median monarchy 
was grown formidable to the Grecians ; and that the 
joint endeavours of his countrymen were little enough 
to preferve their common freedom from an encroaching 
enemy. Such was his moral, which all critics have 
4 allowed 


allowed to be more noble than that of Vb qi | 

not adapted to the time* in which the Roman [red. 

Had Virgil flourished in the age of Emu us, and ad- 
drafted to Sdpio, he had probably taken the lame mo- 
ral, or foroe other not unlike it. For then the Romans 
were in as much danger from the Carthaginian com- 
monwealth t as the Grecians were from the A (Tynan 
or Median monarchy- ~ut we are to coniider him as 
writing his poem in a time when the old form of go- 
vernment was fubrertcd, and a new one juft eftabiiftted 
by OtUviui Caefar | in eifeift by force of arms, but 
fecmingly by the content of the Roman people. The 
commonwealth had n :eived a deadly wound in the 
fomtcr civil war* bet,ioxt Alarms and Sylla. The 
comniom, while the fi i prevailed, had a! mod ihaken 
gjF the yoke of the nouilkv: and Maius and Cinna, 
like the captains of tl under the fpeciou* pre- 

tence of the public go _, _o*u of doing juftke on the 
epprefiors of their libc ty, revenged themfeh es, w ith- 
out form of law, on their private enemies. Sv I la, m 
hi* turn, profcribed the heads of the adverfe partv : 
he, too, had nothing but liberty and reformation in 
his mouth (for the caufe of religion is but a modern 
motive to rebellion, invented by the chr ilium prioft* 
hood, refining on the heathen)* Sylla, to be iW, 
meant no more good to the Roman people than Marius 
before, whatever he declared ; but tacrificed the lives, 
and took the eftates of all hit enemies, to gratify thofe 
who brought him into power : fuch was the reforma- 
tion of the government by both parties. The fenaca 



and the commons were the two bales on which it 
flood j and the two champions of either faction, each 
destroyed die foundation* of the other tide : lb the fa* 
brie of confequence mtift fail betwixt them, and tyran- 
ny muft be built upon their ruins* This comes of al- 
tering fundamental laws and conftitutions. Like him, 
who, bemg in good health, lodged bJmielf in a phyfi- 
cian'a houfe, and was uver-perfuaded by his landlord 
to take phyfic, of which he died, for the benefit of his 
doctor: " Stavo ben (was written on his monument) 
ma, perftar mcglio, fto qui/ 1 

After the death of thole two ufurpers, the common- 
wealth fcemed to recover, and held up its head for a 
little time. But it was all the while in a deep con* 
fumption, which is a flattering diieaie. Pompey, 
Craflusj and Citfar, had found the tweets of arbitrary 
power; and, each being a check to the other's growth, 
ft ruck up a falie friend fliip amongft themfelves, and 
divided the government betwixt them, which none of 
them was able to a flu me alone. Thefe were the pub- 
lic-fpirited men of their age, that is, patriots of their 
own intereft. The commonwealth looked with a florid 
countenance in their management, fpread in bulk, and 
all the while was wafting in the vitals. Not to trouble 
your Lordfhip with the repetition of what you know : 
after the death of Craffus, Pompey found himfelf out- 
witted by Caefar j broke with him, overpowered him 
in the fenate, and caufed many unjuft decrees to pafs 
againfthim: Caefar, thus injured, and unable to refill 
the faction of the nobles, which was now uppermoft 


(For Be was a Marian) Bad tetmjrfeto arm* { and his 
caufc wa* juft againft Pompey, but not mgainfl hii 
country ? w-hofe constitution ought to have been fa- 
cred to hhn ; and never to have been violated on the 
account of any private wrong. But he prevailed ; and 
heaven declaring for him, he became a providential 
monarch, under the tide of Perpetual Dictator. He 
being murdered by his own Ton, whom I neither dare 
commend, nor can juftly blame (though Dante, in his 
Inferno, ha* put him and Catiius, *nd Judas Ifcariot 
betwixt them, into the great dtvlYs mouth) the com- 
monweal* h popped up its head for the third time, uodcr 
Brutus and Calfius, and then funk for ever. 

Thus the Roman people were groisly gulled, twice 
or thrice over ; and a* often enftaved in one century, 
and under the fame pretence of reformation, At laft 
the two battles of Philippi gave the decisive ftroke 
again ft iiberty ; and not long after, the commonwealth 
wis turned into a monarchy, by the conduct and good- 
fortune of Auguftus. It is true, that the defpotic 
power could not have fallen into better hands, than 
thole of the firft and fecond Caefar. ,Your Lordfhip 
well knows what obligation* Virgil had to the hrcr of 
them : be (aw, betide, that the commonwealth was 
loft without refource : the heads of it destroyed j the 
Jenate new moulded, grown degenerate ; and either 
bought off, or thralling their own necks into the yoke, 
out of fear of being forced., Yet I may fafely affirm for 
our grtatatuhor, (as men of good fenie are generally 
. VOL. V. Q^ honefl) 

_ s. A - i J -■•. 

. .a- ■.■- ^vm» luii. or republican ;jrme:pie? ia 

■. * '.l*.:— 

•• >cc: clique piis, his dantem jura Catonem.'* 

' :.^, I need ufc no other argument to ituzizr dt 
.v* . .-:, than that of tlus uue line, raiua from the 
. i% -l.i jcok of the Jiuncii. It he iiad not well ttudied 

> Moon's temper, it might have ruined him with. 

. -tier prince. Due Auguirus was not dticamentcd, 
.-.■: .-i.\ tiiac wc cu.i :iad, thai Cato wa* placed, by his 
.-. :i p-Jtt, in Eij :".um j and there giving laws to the 
holy lbuis, who vlcie.veJ to be fcriaratud from, the vul- 
var fort of gcod fpirits. Per his conscience, ccukl not 
bat whifper to rile arbitrary mui^ah, tiiat the king* 
of Rome were at ant elective, and governed not with* 
out a fen ate : that Roaiuiii* u as !iu hereditary prince, 
and though, alter ":.:> dcata, hi received divine ho- 
nours, t\}k m cite jjjotjvi he did on e.nui, ;■ ct he was but a 
god of their 0^:1 snaking : thi: the iait Tarquin was 
expelled : uttiy fur cvcrt-a->s of tyranny, and maio- 
fcdmi a i:b*:io:i : for i"uch a:e :he conditions of an elec- 
tive kiei.ioai : \:id i meddie net with others : bein^. 
for my 1 wn o^ini^n, cf Montaigne's principles, That 
in hoceit man uuglit to be contested with that reran, 
of govci naicut. and with thoib fundamental comticuu- 
on» of it, which :x received from his ar.cefci :"?• and 
under which hiinillf uai born. Though at the fame 
time he conferfed, :hat if he ecu id have choten 
hii place of birth, it ihould have been at Venice. : 


K - 

*1aa%Y&r many Teatons, I diflike, aal am better 
jpkdU. to have beenixttn an Engliflunanv 

Bat to return from my long rambling v 1 hj that 
VirgiUaeving maturely weighed die eondfefen of the 
ismet fa which he \vn&4 that an entire lJbttty- wis not 
to be wfakved ? «hat the prefetit fettletnent had die 
fMpAiti « long tootmuance m the feme family, or 
tWb-atV^tcd into it? that Ik held fait paternal eftafft 
WMB£tjbg bounty i>r dafe.coticracrory by whom*. he waa 
tlfceaaft mulched, elfceemed» and cheriflied'i chat this 
caa^iKMr 9 though of a bad 4und» was die *efcjr heft of 
ki e%tthe arts of peatt fiourifl*ed under him t that 
ftU aaeft naigfaft be happy > if they wouH he ipriet : that 
Aowfcewaainpoflfeffiohef die whole, yet i*Afcred » 
great part of hb authority with the fenatew ; that he 
wamltt be cho&n into die ancient offices of the com* 
aacttweelthj and ruled bj the power which, he derived 
from them; and prorogued hit goreramentlrtfln time 
to tune t ftttt> as it were, threatening to diffcrifs him-. 
Icif from public tares, which he exerciied afeore for the 
common good, than for any delight he took. in great, 
nets J thefe things, I fay, being conildered by die 
poet, he concluded it to be the interefl of his country 
to be £6 governed : to infufe an awful rcipe& into the 
people towards fuch a prince : by, that refpc& to con- 
firm their obedience to him : and by that obedience to 
make them happy. This was the moral of his divine 
poem : honeft in the poet : honourable to the emperor, 
u horn he derives from a divine extraction 4 and reflect* 
ing part of that honour on the Roman people^ whom 
Q^ * he 


he derives alfo from the Trojani; and not only profi- 
table, but neceflary to the prefent age ? and Mkely to 
be fuch to their posterity* That it was the received 
opinio!!, that the Romans were dcfeended from the 
Trojans, and Julius Ca;far from lulus the fon of 
iEncas* was enough for Virgil ; though perhaps he 
thought not fo himfelf ; or that j*Eneas ever was ir* 
Italy, which Bochartus manifeftly proves. And Ho- 
mer, where he fays that Jupiter hated the houie of 
Priam, and was refolved to transfer the kingdom to 
the family of /Eneas, yet mentions nothing of his 
leading a colony foto a foreign country, and fettling 
there : but that the Romans valued themselves on. 
their Trojan anceftry, is fo undoubted a truth, that I 
need not prove it. Even the leak which we hare re- 
maining of Julius. Crvfor, which we know to be an- 
tique, have the ftsr of Venus over them, though they 
were ail graven after his death, as a note that he was 
ftejfied* I doubt not but one reafon* why Auguftus 
moulJ be fo pafnonaiely concerned for the prefervation 
of the Unci's, which its author had condemned to be* 
burnt, a§ an imnerfeft poem, by his laft will and tef- 
tament, was, becaufe it did him a real fervice, as 
well as an honour i that a work mould not he loft, 
where his divine original was celebrated in verfe* 
which had the character of immortality ftamped upon 

Neither were the great Roman families which flou- 
ri fried in his time, Icfs obliged to him than the empe* 
for* Your Lordihip knows with what addrcft he makes 


serf, them, ai captains of AiniV wtJaaders in 
fc? and even ibene of Italian exaaAibn are not 
Tbeie are.the finglc ftars whicjvam fprink- 
iedtfannajbdw Anelsi but there are whoteconftei- 
larjona of diem in die fifth book. And I could not 
bvttalusDelceV when I translated it, of fome favour- 
ite fuuliet to which he gives the victor, and award* 
the prises, in the perfon of hit hero, at the funeral 
gaama which were celebrated m honour of Anchifcs. 
I iafift not on their names | but am pleased to find 
theliesnmii amongft them, derived from Mhcftheus, 
because Lucretius dedi cat es to one of that ramiiy, a 
brasK* of which d^broyedCoriadu I likevrifc either 
found or formed an image to myself of one contrary 
kmd | that »hot> who loft the prizes, were fuck as dif- 
•bligedthc poet, or were in difgrace with; Auguftus, 
cy enemies to Mexenast and this was the poetical re- 
venge betook. For Mgeiws irritabikVanua/' as Ho- 
race Java, When a poet is thoroughly provoked, he* 
will do himfelf jufKce, however dear it coft him,-" AnU 
■unique in vulnere pome." I think thefe are not bare 
imaginations of my own, though I find no trace of 
them in the commentators : but one poet may judge 
of another, by himfelf. The vengeance we defer, is 
not forgotten, I hinted before, that the whole Ro- 
man people were obliged by Virgil, in deriving them 
from Troy ; an anceftry which they affected. We,- 
and the French, are of the fame humour: they would 
be thought to defcend from*a fon, I think, of Heft or v 
and we would have our Britain both named and plant* 

■^■■V ^w b^^^oom fib»m^^n>o^Hm 4UK^2. tl — - 

Aw# fM jWMrloiJfcip ay of omiwi of Vugil ? dut 
timio a riiary — ttz obliged bcms to hbmafier 
flNrfcitbaaBty; md fee arpsTtfeiatwiife good axinfict, 
i bis new nwoarchy, to at to 
•f h» fefa^fis, ttd dcfim to be 
I dp*4ttfcer*f bitcototfry. F*m due eenfciora- 
•JM k it, ffest be cbofe tbe grooad-vroric. of bk poem, 
4J» Mi»if* deftoyed, sad smaller niftd fm» tho 
miff* of it. Tbit wvlkjttft parallel. JBnes* 
AlMtfMtmdttibtMMiftbcir, ut % liBtaf&c- 

oeffion i 

EDIC A T I O N. tjt 

for Anchifes* the hero's father, wfs AnJy of 
the iecond branch of the royal family ; and Helenas* 
e ion of Frk m , wa s vet iiirvi vin g , and m ighi ] a w f nil y 
claim before him* It may be, Virgil mentions him 
on chat account. Neither has he forgotten Priamus, 
m tile fifth of his JEntlit the fon of Polkes, yctmgtrt 
ion to Priam j who was (lain by Pyrrhns, Jn ttie It- 
%ond book, ^Eneas had only married Creufa, Pri- 
on's daughter, and by her could have no title, while 
eay of the male iffiie were remaining* In this cafe, 
the poet gave him the next title, which is that of an 
♦leetive king. The remaining Trojans chofe him to 
lead them forth, and fettle that) in fome foreign eoun* 
try, llioncus, ki his fpeeeft to Dido, caJIs him ex- 
prtfsly by the name of king. Our poet, who all this 
while had Auguftus in his eye, hzd no defire i)C fliould 
fectn to fuccced by airy right of inheritance, derived 
from Julitrs Csefai: ; fuch a title being but one degree 
removed from conqueft. For what was introduced by 
force, by force may be removed. It was better for 
the people that they mould give, than he mould ttike. 
Since that gift was indeed no more at bottom than a 
truft j Virgil gives us an example of this, in the pcr- 
ioa of Mezcntius. He governed arbitrarily, he w ;ia 
expelled > and came to the deferred end of ail tyrant** 
Our author thews us another fort of kingcup* ia the 
perfon of Latinus : he was deft en Jed from Saturn, 
and, as I remember* in the third degree. He is dc- 
icribed a juft and gracious piincc ; felicitous for the 
welfare of his people j always coni tilting with his lb- 
r \ Qj^ natc, 

nr:-. : T5r- 

... .U.- 


::l :«.■: .X.- 
«-. il " J -I- 

5dCr*y life. !%.-. .^» ■.•-.U*.n.;.--. 


As for AugufhiSj or his uncle Julius, claiming by 
defcent from tineas ; that title is already out of doors. 
-Enta.-i fucceeded not, but was elected, Troy was 
fore -doomed to fail for ever. 

" Poftqusra res AfiaV Priamique evcrtcre rcgnum 
** Immefitum vifumSupcrisp** 

^ncis, lib. III. i.** 

Aviguftiis, it is true, had once refolved to rebuild 
that city, and there to make the ieat of empire t but 
Horace writes an ode on purpofe' to deter him from 
that tho ught ♦ de c I arin g th e p ! a ce to be ac c ur fe d , and 
that the gods would as often deft roy it, as it fhould be 
tailed. Hereupon the emperor' laid afide a pro j eft fo 
onigrateful to the Roman people* But by this> my 
Lord, we may conclude that he had ftill Ma pedigree 
in his head ; and had an itch of btin^ thought a 
divine ting, if his „ poets bad not given him better 

I will pafs by many lefs material objections, for 
want of room to anfwtr them : what follows next is of 
great importance, if the critics cati make out their 
charge ; for ills leveled at the manner* which our 
poet gives his hero, and which are the fame which 
were eminently icen in his Auguftus i thofe manners 
■^re, piety to the gods 3 and a dutiful affetlion to his 
father ; love to his relations; care of his people ; cou- 
ragu and conduct in the wars i gratitude to thofe who 
irai obliged him, and juttice in general to mankind. , 





i fees, 

place of all, 

Piety, afr your Lordthip 
fa cl iuf pan oi hb character: and the word in Latin 
is more full than it can pofhbly be exprcfted in any 
modern language ; for then? it comprehends not only 

m to the gods, but filial love and tender affec- 
tion to relations of all fons% As iufranccs gf this, the 
deities of Troy, and bis own Penates, arc made the 
companions of his flight : they appear to him in his 
e, zmd advill him ; and at laft he replaces them 
in Italy, their native country. For his father, he rakes 
him on hU back 7 he leads his little fbn j his wife fol- 
low * him ; but, ; ps through fear or ig~ 
ruice, be goes hack into the midrt of Ilia Qjiitmii ■ 10 

r j and luafts not his purfult till her ghoft ap- 
peal 3 f to forbid his U:ui*r i'<.arch. X will fav nothing 
of hfa duty to his father while he lived, his ibrrow for 
his death ; of the ganus inftituted in honour of his me- 
mory ; or fceking him, by his command, even after 
his death, in the Klyiian field*. I \\i\\ not memio* 
his teiukmcfs for his lbn, which every where is vifiblc: 
of his railing a tomb for Polydorus, the obfeqme* for 
Miienus, his pious remembrance of Dciphobus j th< 
funeral of hk nurlc ; his grief for Pallas, and his re* 
cnge taken on his murderer, whom otherwjfc, by Ilk 
natural compatlion, he had forgiven t and then the 
poem had been left imperfect ; for we could have 
no certain profpeel ^ his happinefs, while the I aft 
ftacle to it was unremoved. Of the other parts whi 
coropofe his chara6ter a as a king* or as a general, I need 
/ay nothing j the whole JEneh is one continued inftanc* 


©F {bme one or other of them ; and where I find any 
thing of them taxed, it mould fuffice roe, as briefly ai 
I can, to vindicate my divine matter to your Ldrdfliip,. 
and by you to the reader. But herein, Segrais, in his. 
admirable preface to his- tranflation of thc^Eneis, as 
the author of the Dauphin's Virgil juftly calls it, has 
prevented me. Him I follow, and what I borrow from, 
him, am ready to acknowledge to him. For, impar- 
tially fpcaking,. the French are as much better critic* 
than the Englifh* as they are worfe poets. Thus w* 
generally allow, that they better underftand the ma?* 
nagement of a war, than our iflanders ; but we know 
ye are fuperior to them in the day of battle.. They 
value themfelves on their generals, we on our foldiers* 
But this it not the proper place to decide that queftion, 
if they make it one. I ihall perhaps fay as much oaT 
other nations, and their poets, excepting only TafTo ; 
and hope to make my aflertion good,, which is but do- 
ing juftice to my country j part of which honour will 
reflect on your Lordihip, whofe thoughts are always 
juft ; your numbers harmonious, your words chofen* 
your exprefuons ftrong and manly, your verfc flowing, 
and your turns as happy as they arc eafy. If you 
would fct us more copies, your example would make 
sill precepts necdlefs. In the mean time, that little 
you have written is owned, and that particularly by 
the poets (who are a nation not over laviih of praife to 
their contemporaries), as a principal ornament of our 
language : but the fweeteft eflences are always confined 
in the finalleft glanes. 



When I fpeak of yourLordfliip,'it is never a digref- 
fion, and therefore I need beg no pardon for it ; but 
take up Segrais where I left him, and fhall ufe him 
lefs often than I have occafion for him. For his pre- 
face is a perfect piece of criticiftn, fall and clear, and 
digefted into an exact method 5 mine isloofe, and, as 
I. intended it, epiftolary. Yet I dwell on many things 
which he dnrft not touch : for it is dangerous to offend 
an arbitrary maft«rj and every patron who has the 
power of Auguftus, has not his clemency. In fhort, 
my Lord, I would not tranflate him, becaufe I would 
bring you fomewhat of my own. His notes and ob- 
servations on every book are of the fame excellency; 
and, for the fame reafon, I omit the greater part. 

He takes no notice that Virgil is arraigned for pla- 
cing piety before valour ; and making that piety the 
chief character of his hero. I have already faid, from 
Boflu, that a poet is not obliged to make his hero a 
virtuous man : therefore neither Homer nor Taflb are 
to be blamed, for giving what predominant quality they 
pleafed to their firft character. But Virgil, who de- 
figned to form a perfect prince, and would infinuate 
that Auguftus, whom he calls JEncas in his poem, was 
truly fuch, found himfelf obliged to make him with- 
out blcmifh; thoroughly virtuous: and a thorough 
virtue both begins and ends in piety. Taflb, without 
queftion, obferved this before raej and therefore fplit 
his. hero in two : he gave Godfrey piety, and Rinaldo 
fortitude, for their. chief qualities or manners. Homer; 
who had chofen another moral, makes both Agamem- 


and Achilles vicious i far his defign was, to in- 
\ in virtue, by fhewing the deformity of vice, I 
1 repetition of what I have laid above. What fol- 

is tranflatcd literacy from Segrak. 

rgii had con&lered, that the greatcft virtues of A u- 

is confifted in the perfect art of governing his peo- 

which caufed him to reign above forty years in 
t felicity. He considered that his emperor was va- 
, civil, popular, eloquent, politic, and religious i 
w given all thefe qualities to jEneas. But, know- 
that piety a] one comprehends the whole duty of 

towards the gods, towards his country, and 
rds his relation?, he judged that this ought to be 
rft characters whom he would fct for a pattern of 
£tion. Ifi reality j they who believe that the 
a which ariSc from valour, are fuperior to thofe 
\x proceed from any other virtue s> have not con- 
hJ (as they ought) that valour, deftiture of other 
cs, cannot render a man worthy of any true 
n. That quality, which Signifies no more than 
itrcpid courage, may be feparatcd from many 
t which are good, and accompanied with many 
b arc ill. A man may be very valiant, and yet 
>ut *nd vicious. But the fame cannot be laid of 
, which excludes all ill qualities., and comprc- 
s even valour it&if, with all other qualities which 
£ood» Can, we, for example, give the praife of 
ir to a man who (hould fee his gods profaned, and 
Id waut the courage to defced them ? to a man 
* who 



v,ho fli&uld abandon his father, or defcrt hi. I. 
his lajft nccefFity ? 

Thus far Segrah, in giving the preference ro piety, 
before valour, I will now follow hfm uhca: he con- 
siders this valour, or intrepid courage* C\ng\y iti itfclf ; 
and this alio Virgil gives to his /Eneas, and tlwt in an 
heroical decree. 

Having fidt concluded that our poet did for the beft 
taking the firft character of his hero from that cf- 
ential virtue on which the reft depend, lie proccx 
ell us, that in the ten years war of Ttfoy, he w .v 
iidercd as the &cond champion of his country j allow- 
ing ilc&or the firft place ; and this, even by the con- 
fdfton of Homer, who took all occasions of fetting up 
his own count! vmen the Grecians, and of undervalu- 
ing the Trojan chiefs* But Yir.:il (whom Scgruis 
forgot to cite) makes Diomcde give him a higher cha- 
Tafttir for (ti -ength and courage* His tefUmony is ttff» 
in the eleventh book t 

** — — Stetimus tela afpera contra, 

¥ Conralim^fquc minus t experto creditc, quantus 

" In civ^eum anuria t, quo turbine torqueat hafta 

*< Si duo practcrea talcs Jda?a tuliifct 

14 Terra viros j ultro Inachias veniiTct ad urbes 

" Dardanus, & verfts tugerct Graeda fatis. 

** Qmcquid apud dune ccfTatum eft mo-ttia Troja*, 

*' He£toris, JEncsequc manu virloria Graium 

,4 Haefir, & in decumum vcftigia ret id it annum. 

* Ambo animis, ambo bfignu pr»&uitibu5 armb 

t* ttic pletatc prior/ V >■ 

Ipvt I 

' 9IDTC1T10H. a,t 

• 1 tKh^fit JMl PJ tifinflniinn of theft Terlctj 
tIUM'J[bl«tAotair««c9dQdiatiicmi be- 
^M ib pest a aaafter of the original, 
-teilif^Mlpte to 'deft* tbatyou &ot*f ice Vu> 
^«4mfc,fc-»*»ftogcther. Sot you ma y pleafe, 
•«f L^M».-lrtfc*«oTico* that the/ Latin author refines 
»yW tfc»> Q w rk , «nsl iiiinua*|| ^hat Hoowr has 
-aJenarhin lelpjf wffn inj,» in giving thy advantage of the 
H**«l ^» J h b <r wi sountryniatt; though piamedes Was 

Miiiiftiit>Jn ft iLcompairion of the Grecians ; and 

VhftBm pnJMftni hka hefore A jut, when he chefr im* 
km tntf chatapSea ef hit nightly ^petfitkm f for he 
fri ai fraud jfJWHr <rf hfa own | andwanted only the for- 
>ejaWay-<f 4a>nrliir»>n» , bring hinvoff wk&fiifetjn and 

fchue proceeds : they who ac- 
': want of courage, either -underftand 
*m have read, him nightly. $ othtrwife they 
i«a ©bje&iott fo+afyxo beanfwercd. 
lleieapom be ghrei fo.many inftanees of the hero's 
valour, that to repeat diem after him would tire- your 
Lordihip, and put me .to the xmneceffary trouble of 
transcribing the greatcft part of the three laft JEneids, 
la wort, more could not be. expected from an Amadis, 
a Sir Lancelot, or a whole round tabic, than he per- 
forms. " Proxima.tjuaeijue.metit gladio," is the per- 
fect account of a knight-errant. If it be replied, con- 
tinued Segrais, that it was not difficult for him to un- 
dertake and atchieve fuch hardy enterprizes, becaufc 
be wore enchanted arms % that accuiation, in the firft 
x place, 


place, muft fall on Homer, ere it can reach Virgil. 
Achilles was as well provided with them as iEneasy 
though he was invulnerable without them : and Ariofto* 
the two TafiVs, Bernardo and Torquato, even our 
own Spenfer j m a word, all modeYn poets haver copied 
Homer, as welt as Virgil; he is neither the firft nor 
laft, but in the midft of them * and therefore is fafe, 
if they are fb. Who knows, fays Segrais, but that 
his fated armour was only an allegorical defence, and 
fignified no more than that he was under- the peculiar 
protection of the gods > born, as the aftrologers will teU 
us, out of Virgil (who was well verfed in the Chaldean 
myfteries), under the favourable influence of Jupiter, 
Venus, and the Sun. But I infift not on this, be* 
caufe I know you believe not there is fuch an art? 
though not only Horace and Perfius, but Augufhis 
himfelf thought otherwife. But, in defence of Virgfy 
I dare pofitively fay, that he has been more cautious 
in this particular, than either his predeceflbr or his 
defendants. For ^ncas was actually wounded, in 
the twelfth of the ^neis ,* though he had the fame 
god-fmith to forge his arms, as had Achilles. It 
fecms he was no warluck, as the Scots commonly call 
fuch men, who, they fay, are iron-free, or lead-free. 
Yet after this experiment, that his arms were not im- 
penetrable, when he was cured indeed by his mother's 
help ; becaufe he was that day to conclude the war by 
the death of Turnus, the poet durft not carry the mt- 1 
racle too far, . and reftore him wholly to his former vi- 
gour : he was ftill too weak to overtake his enemy; 
[ yet 

ytx. w* fee with what courage he attacks Turhu*> when 
he faces and frenews the combat* I need fay no marc r 
for Virgil defends himfelf without needing my anlft- 
aaec : and proves hb hero truly to deferve that name. 
He was not then a fecond-rate champion, as they 
would haw him, who thick fortitude the firft virtue i* 
a hero. But being beaten from this hold, they wilt 
not yet allow him to be valiant j becaufe he wept more 
often, as tliey think, than well becomes a man of cou- 

In the fir ft place, if tears are arguments of cow- 
ardice, what fiiall I fay of Homer's hero? Shall 
Achilles paf* for timorous* becaufe lie wept, and wept 
on lefs occafions than JEncz> ? Herein Virgil mufl be 
granted to have excelled his matter, for once both 
heroes are defcribed, lamenting their loll loves : Bri- 
£11 was taken away by force from the Grecian j Creufa 
was loft for ever to her huiband. But Achilles went 
roaring along the falt-fca fhoxe j and, like a booby, 
was complaining to his mother, when he fhould have 
revenged his injury by his arms* j^neas took a nobler 
co uric ; for, having fecured his father and fun* he re- 
peated all his former dangers to have found his wife, 
if flie had been above ground . And here yotirXorcT- 
iinp may obferve the addrefs of Virgil ; it was not for 
nothing that this pafiage was related with all thefe ten- 
der circumftanccs, iEntas told U; Dido heard it, 
Tbat he had been fo afieclionate a huiband, was no ill 
ergument to the coming dowager, that he might prove 




as kind to her. Virgil has a thoufand fecret beauties, 
though I have not leifure to remark them* 

Segrais, on this fubjcdl of a hero ihedding tears, 
obierves, thathiftorians commend Alexander for wp 
ing 3 when he read the mighty aclions of Athil. 
And Julius Caefar is likewife praifed, when, out of the 
fame noble envy, he wept at the victories of AJcxan- 
tkr* But, if we obfervc more clofely, we fhall find, 
that the tears of -/Eneas were always on a laudable oc- 
casion. Thus he weeps out of companion, and ten- 
dernefs of nature, when in the temple of Carthage he 
beholds the pictures of his friends, who lacrificed their 
lives in defence of their country. He deplores the la- 
mentable end of his pilot Palinurus ; the untimely 
death of young Pallas his confederate ; and the reft, 
which T omit. Yet even for thefe tears, his wretched 
critics dare condemn him. They make iEncas little 
better than a kind of St, S within -hero, always rain- 
ing. One of thefe ornfors is bold enough to arraign 
him of cowardice $ when, in the beginning of the firH 
book, he not only weeps, but trembles at an approach- 
ing ftorm. 

tl Exit rr.plo ^neae folvuntur frigore membra : 

" Ingemit, $l duplites tendens ad fidera palmas, 11 &c, 

Bat to this I have anfwered formerly ; that his fear 
was not for himfdf, but for his people. And what 
can give a ibve reign a better commendation, or recom- 
mend a hero more to the affection of the reader? 
They were threatened wnh a tempelt, and he wept ; 




ft* was promifed Italy, and therefore he prayed for'tlie 
.accomplilhment of that p.romife. All this in the be- 
ginning of a flormj therefore he /hewed the more early 
piety, and the quicker fenfe of companion. Thus 
much I have urged elfewhere in the defence of Virgil ; 
.and iince I have been informed, by Mr. Moylc, a 
young gentleman whom I can never funiciently com- 
mend, that the ancients accounted drowning an ac- 
curfed death. So that, if we grant him to have been 
afraid, he had juft occafion for that fear, both in rela- 
tion to himfclf and to his fubje&s. I think our ad- 
verlaries can carry this argument no farther, unlcfu 
they tell us that he ought to have had more confidence 
in the promife of the gods: but how was he-- allured 
that he had underftood their oracles aright ?. Helenus 
might be mifiaken, Phoebus might fpeak doubtfully} 
even his mother might flatter hint, that he might pro- 
fecute his voyage, which, if' it fucceeded happily, he 
(hould be the founder of an empire. For that flic hcr- 
lelf was doubtful of his fortune, is apparent by the 
addrefs (he made to Jupiter on his behalf. To which 
the god makes anfwer in thefe words : 

" Parcc metu, Cythcraa; mancnt immota tuorum 
«« Fata tibi," &c. 

Notwithstanding which, the goddels, though com- 
forted, was not allured : for even after this, through 
the courfe cf the whole iEneis, flie flill apprehends 
the intereft which Juno might make with Jupiter aeainil 
her fon. For it was a moot point in heaven whether 
R 2 be 


be could alter fate, or not* And indeed, fame pafl 
ges in Virgil wouW make us fufpefl that he was 
opinion Jupiter might defer fate, though he could no 
alter it. For, in the latter end of the tenth book, ! 
Introduces Juno begging for the life of Tumus, and 
flattering her hufband with the power of changing 
deftmy, '• Tua qua potes, orfa refle&as." To whic 
he gracioufly an Avers : 

!** Si mora prafenth lethi tempufque eaduco 

4t Oratur juyeni, mcque hoc ita.poncre ftntis j 

ff Talle fugi Turnum, atque inftantibus cripc fatis 

Hautenus indulmTc vacat. Sin altior iftis 
F Subprecibus venia ulla latct, totumque moved 
4t Mutative putas be Hum, fpes pafcis inancs." 

But that he could not alter thofe decrees, the king 
*if gods himfelf confefles, U the book above cited ; 
when he comforts Hercules, for the death of Pallas, 
who had invoked his aid before he threw his lance 

-Trn-r fub minibus eltis, 

■** Tot nati cecidere Deum ; qum occidit una 

Sarpedon mea progenies : etiam fua Tumum 
** Fata manentj metalquc da Li pervemt ad sevi/* 

Where he plainly acknowledges, that he could n< 
fave his own fon, or prevent the death which he fore- 
faw. Of his power to defer the blow, I once oeea- 
fionally difcouifed with that excellent perfon SirRobeit 
•Howard j who is better conveifant, than any man that 
i 1 know, 


» At HaBbm* of tfet Stria, «*'*> fit ac 

, dui Jagittr cnH not- retard ni-wfii of 
fcr a ■«<■ For who* I cM¥kpl, 

i of ■■! l*iM*t ccn- 
Butbe if arraigned 
rof icajbnbythclniioM who witting 
iUPgwi jiij agriaA him, for being faHe to Ictc, 
htfor&uagDido. And I cannot much blame them ; 
for, to fay the troth, it is an 01 preccdccr for their 
gallants to follow. Yet, if I can bring him ©if wl:r» 
flying colours, they may learn experience at her cc-f: j 
and, for her lake, avoid a care, as the worft fLe'tcr 
they can choofe from a fhower of run, efpeciafy whea 
they have a lorer in their com pan r. 

In the fir& place, ScgraU obicrves. with mnch 
miuucfi, that they who blame JEzeas for his in&i;f;- 
bility of Love, when he left Carthage, contradict i^i? 
acraiatiop cf him, for being always crvmz, 
and effeminately ieo^bic of thak rr.:f- 
R 3 Scroti 


fortunes which befel others. They give him two con- 
trary characters ; but Virgil makes him of a piece, al- 
ways 'grateful, always tender-hearted. But they are 
impudent enough to difcharge rhemfelves of this blun*> 
der, by laying the contradiction at Virgil's door. He, 
lay they, has (hewn his hero with thefe inconfiftent 
characters: acknowledging and ungrateful, compaf- 
fionate and hard-hearted ; but, at the bottom, fickle 
and felf-interefted. For Dido had not only received 
his weather-beaten troops before fhe faw him, and 
given them her protection, but had alfo offered them 
an equal'her dominion. 

* 4 Vultis & hls-mecum pariter eonfidereHegnis? 
M Urbem quam flatuo, veftra eft." 

This was an obligement never to be forgotten ; and 
the more to'beconlidered, becaufe antecedent to'her 
love. That paflion, it is true, produced the ufual ef- 
fects of gencrofity, gallantry, and care to plcafe ; and 
thither we refer thern. Uut when fhe had made all 
thefe advances, "it was ftill in his power to have refufed 
them : after the intrigue of the cave, call it marriage, 
or enjoyment only, he wa; no longer free to take or 
leave, he had accepted the favour ; and was obliged to 
be conftan^ if he would be gratefiil. 

My Lord, I have fetthis argument in fhe beft light 
I-csn, that the 'ladies may not think I write booty? 
and perhaps it may happen to me, as it did to Dr. Cud- 
worth, who has raifed fuch ftrong objections agairift 
£hc being of a God and Providence, that many thirffc 



nc Itas not anfwered them* You may plcafe n Jeaft to 
hear the adverfe paity, Segrais pleads for Virgil, that 
no lefs than an abfolufe command from Jupiter could 
excafe this infenfibility of the hero* and this abrupt 
departure , which looks (b like extreme ingratitude- 
But, at the fame time, he docs wifely to remember 
you, that Virgil had made piety the firit chara&er of 
<£nea£; and this being allowed, as I am afraid it 
mult, he wa$ oblige d t antecedent to all other considera- 
tions, to fearch an afylum for his gods in Italy, for 
thofc f efy 'god ^, I fay, who had prom lied to hU wee 
the unirerfal empire. Could a piou.v man difpenfe 
with the commands of Jupiter, to fatisfy his paihon ; 
or, take It m the ftrangeft ftnfe, ta comply with the 
obligations of his grnritwie* Religion, it is true, muft 
have moral honeliy for its aground- work, or we thali 
he apt to fiifpeft its truth j but an immediate revela- 
tion difpenfes with slJ duties of morality. AU caHiifts 
*gree r that theft is a breach of the moral law : yet, if 
I might prefume to mingle things factcd with profane, 
■the Ifraelites iJnly fpoiled the Egyptians, not robbed 
them ; becaufc the property was transferred by a reve- 
lation to their lawgiver, I confefa, Dido was a very 
■inridtl in this point $ for the would not believe, as Vir- 
gil makes her fay, that ever Jupiter would fend Mer~ 
-cury on fuch an immoral errand. But this needs no 
Anfwcr, at leaft no more than Virgil gives it : 

** Eata obftant, plaridafque viri Dcus obftruit auics, i# 

R 4 ThU 


, This notwithstanding, as Segrais confefles, he might 
have fhewxta little more fenfibility, when he left her $, 
for that had been according to his character. 

But let VirgU anfwer for himfelf . He ftill loved 
her, and ftruggled with his inclinations to obey the 

" — Curam fub corde premebat, 
" Multa gemens, magnoque animum labefa&us 
" amore." 

Upon the whole matter,- and humanely fpeaking, I 
doubt there was a fault fbmewhere 5 and Jupiter is bet- 
ter able to bear the blame than either Virgil or. jfineas. 
The poet, it feem*, had found it out, and therefore 
brings the deferring hero- and the forfaken lady to meet 
together in the lower regions j where he excuiec him- 
felf when it is too late, and accordingly ihe will take 
no fatisfe&iou, nor fo much as hear him. Now Se- 
grais is- forced to abandon his defence, and excufes 
feis author, by faying that the JEneis is an imperfect 
Jwork, and that death prevented the divine poet from 
-reviewing it, and for that reafon he had condemned it 
to the fire : though, at the fame time,, his two tranfla- 
tors muft acknowledge, that the fixth book is the moil 
«eire& of the whole ^Sneis, Ob, how convenient is 
* machine fometimes in an heroic poem ! This of 
Mercury k plainly one, and Virgil was. conftrained to 
.nfe it here, or the honefty of bis hero would be ill de- 
fended. And the fair fex, however, if they had' the 
•4lfatcr in> their power, would certainly have fhewa 



him do more mercy than the Bacchanals did Orpheus, 
For if too much eonftancy may be a fault ibmetimes ; 
then want of conltancy and ingratitude, after the laft 
favour, is a crime that never will be forgiven. But 
of machines, more in their proper place $ where I fliall 
mew * with how much judgment they have been ufe<J.. 
by Virgil ; and, in the mean time, pafs to another ar- 
ticle of his defence, on the prefers fubfc£V| where, if' 
I cannot clear the hero, I hope at lea ft to bring off the 
poet ; for here I mull divide rheir caufes. Let j^Eneaa 
mill: to his machine, which will only help to break his 
fall, but the addrefs ie incomparable* Plato, wh<» 
borrowed fo much from Homer, and yet concluded 
far the banifhment of all poets, would at kaft have 
rewarded Virgil, before he fent him into exile. But X 
go farther, and fay, that he ought to be acquitted ; 
ami deferved, he fide, the bounty of Augustus, and the 
gratitude of the Roman people. If, after this, the la- 
dies will ftand out, let them remember, that the jury 
ii not all agreed j for Oftavia was of his party, and 
was of die hril quality in Rome : Ihe was alfo pre fen t 
at the reading of the fixth ^Lneid, and we know not 
that {he condemned ./Eneas ; but we are fure me pre* 
fen ted the poet, for hh admirable elegy on her in a 

But let us confider the ft c ret reafons which Virgil 
bad, for thus framing thi* noble epifode, wherein the 
wholff parBori of love is more exactly defcribed than in 
any other poet : love was die theme of his fourth 
book i and though it is the Jhoncft of the whole ^Eneis , 




yet there he has given its beginning, its progrefs, its 
travertin, and its concintoa : and had erhnnftcd to en- 
tirely this fiibfeer, that he could refhme it but very 
nightly in the eight enfuing hooks. 

She was wanned with die graceful appearance of the 
bero, fhe (mothered thoie fparkles oat of decency, bat 
convenatioa blew them op into a flame. Then (he 
was farced to make a confident of her whom fhebeft 
might truft, her own fifter, who approves the paffion, 
and thereby augments ft; then fucceeds her public 
owning it; and, after that, the confanunadon. Of 
Venns and Juno, Jupiter and Mercury, I fay nothing, 
Tor they were all m ac hi n in g work : but pofleman hav- 
ing cooled his love, as ft increaied heir's, the loon per- 
ceived the change, or at leaft grew fufpicious of a 
change: this fufpickra toon turned to jcnloufy, and 
jealoufy to rage ; then fhe dizains and threatens, and 
again is humble and intreats : and, nothing availing, 
'delpairs, curfes, and at laft becomes her own execu- 
tioner. Sec here the whole procefs of that paffion, to 
which nothing can be added. I dare go no farther, 
left I (hould lofe the connexion of my difcourfe. 

To love our native country, and to ftudy its benefit 
and its glory, to be intcrefted in its concerns, is nam- 
jral to all men, and is indeed our common duty. A 
jMKt makes a farther ftep ; for, endeavouring to do ho- 
nour to it, it is allowable in him even to be partial in 
its caufc i for he is not tied to truth, or fettered by the 
laws of biftory. Homer and Taflb arc juftly praifed, 
J*uv (hoofing their heroes out of Greece and Italy. 


A T I O N* *f 4 

Virgil indeed made his a Trojan, but it was to derive 
the Romans and bis own Auguftus from him ; but at] 
the three £oets are manifcftly partial to their heroes, in 
favour oTtheir country t for Dares Phrygius reports 
of He&or, that he was (lain cowardly; Apneas, ne- 
tording to the bell account, flew not Mc*enrius, but 
was ftatn by him : and the Chronrcles of Italy tcU us 
little of that Rinaldo d'Efte, who conquers Jerufakm 
in Taffo* He might be a champion df the church; 
but we know not that he was fo much as prefent at the 
fiege. To apply this to Virgil, he thought himfclf 
engaged in honour to efpoufe the caufc and quarrel of 
hi* country againfl Carthage He knew he could not 
jjlcifc the Romans better, or oblige them more to pa- 
tronize his poem, than by ijifgrating the found refs of 
that chy* He mews her ungrateful to the memory of 
tier firil hufband ; doting on a nrangcr ; enjoyed, and 
afterwards forfaken by him* Thii was the original, 
fays he , of 'the immortal hatred betwixt the 'two rival 
nations, 'It is true-he colours the falfehood of ./Eneas 
by an exprefs command from Jupiter, to for fake the 
queen*, who had obliged him: but he knew the Ro- 
mans were to be his readers, and them he bribed, per- 
haps at the expence of the hero's hone fty, but he gain- 
ed tiis caufe however^ as pleading before corrupt judges* 
They were content to fee their founder falfc to Love, 
for dill he had the advantage of the amour : it was 
their enemy whom he forfook, and Ihe might have for- 
1a ken him if 'he had not got the ftart of her ; flie hall 
^already forgotten her vows to her Siehaeus ; and " va«- 




i voyage, yet he-ftfli' 
delayed*, maUkcmc&u&iwmMfffmidiK^ 

lift the mrramg "No. 

me tm revengeful, Jbe was powerful. The pes* bad' 
JUccwiic before hbucd, that tfac people were naturally 
ptrfidious : for be gives their charaftrr ia die queen, 
fad make* a proverb of " Punka fides," many ages 
before it was invested. 

Thus I hope, my Lord, that I have made good my 
tjromifc, and juftified the poet, whatever becomes of 
the falfe knight. And furc a poet is as much privi- 
leged to lye, as an ambaflador, for the honour ask|* 
imercft of his country ? at leaft as Sir Henry Wotttm 
has defined. 

This naturally leads me to the defence of the famomr 
ftnachronifm, in making JEneas and .Dido cmttemnors* 
jrici. For it is certain that the hero lived akaoft two 


:dtcatiok. -r? 

hundred years before the building of Carthage* One 
\rba imitates Bocaline, fays, that Virgil was aceufed be- 
fore Apollo for this error. The god foon found that 
he was not able to defend bis favourite by rcafon, For 
the cafe was clear : he therefore gave this middle fen- 
tence ; that any thing might be allowed to his fon Vtr- 
gilj on the account of his other merits ; that, being a 
monarch, he had a difpenfing power, and pardoned him. 
But, that this fpecial a el of grace might never be drawn 
into example, or pleaded by his puitv fucecflbrs in f n T- 
tiri cation of their ignorance, he decreed for the f utu re* 
no poet fhould pre fume to make a lady die for love two 
hundred years before her birth* To moralize this 
ftory, Virgil is the Apollo^ who has this difpeniing 
power. Hia great judgment made the laws of poetry, 
but he never made himiclf a flavc to them : 'chrono- 
logy, at be ft, is but a cobweb- law, and he broke 
through it with his weight. They who will imitate 
him wifely j muft choofe, as he did, an obfeure and a 
remote aera, -where they may invent at pleafure, and 
not be eafily contradicted. Neither he, nor the Ro- 
mans, had ever read the Bible, by which only his falfe 
computation of times can be made out again ft him, 
TThis Segrais fays in his defence, and proves it from 
rhis learned friend Bo char tits, whofe letter on this fub- 
jeft he has printed at the end of the fourth J£neUl, to 
which I refer your LorQfhip and the reader* Yet the 
credit of VirgU was fo great, that he made this fable of 
"\m own invention pafs far an bo then tic luftory, or, it 
kail, a* credible as any thing iu Homer. Ovid takes 


it up after him, even in the feme age, and makes am 
.ancient heroine of Virgil 1 * new-created Dido ; diftates 
a letter for heft jpft before her death,, to the* ingratefal 
fugitive; and, veryusOuckily sot himself, njorm^ 
bim on the 1^ febject. ItSnkl^r/.Uja^tf 
this, because I have translated both. " Tie iaasjpm) anv 
thor of the- An of Love has nothing of his own,. ^ 
borrows all from a neater matter in his ownptofeffion* 
ami, which is worse, improves nothing whkh he finds* 
JKatare fails him, and, beiiig forced m his old &ift,>p 
bai rr rnnirfr rnirinirifin Thii psffri indud vtilli hii tfift 
admirers, and gives him die uiefrieucc to ymgH in 
their eficem. But let them like for ihiatTilafi, am} 
nttfacscribe to others; tor our author neaps not their 

The morhes that induced Virgtt to cosswtsM fable, 
I have Jhewn already ; and have alio began to mew 
that he raagjnt make this anachronifm,. by fup r rfrriing 
the mcrhantr rules of poetry, for the same mason that 
ji monarch may difpenfe with, orfulpend,hssown laws,* 
when he finds-it neceflary fo to do; especially if thbfe 
laws are not altogether fundamental. Nothing is to be 
called a fault in poetry, lays- Aridode, but what is 
againft the art; therefore a man may be an admirable 
poet, without being an exa£t chronologcr. Shall we 
dare, continues Segrats, to condemn Virgil, for having 
made a n&on againft the order of time, when we com- 
mend Ovid and other poets who have made many of 
their actions againft the order of nature? For what arc 


ihc fplendid miracles of the Metamorphofcs » Yet thefe 
arc beautiful as they arc related j and have alio deep 
learning and inflrue'tne mythologies couched under 
them I hut to give, as Virgil does in tills cpjfodc, the 
original eaufc of the long wan betwixt Rome and Car* 
tinge* |o draw truth out of fiction, after lb probable 
a manner, with fo much beauty, and (b much for the 
honour of his country, was proper only to the divine 
wit of Mara s and Taflb, in one of his difeourfes,. 
admires him for this particularly. It is not lawful, 
mdeed, to eontradi£i a point of hulory which k known 
to all the world \ a?, for example, to maka Hannibal 
mid Scipb contemporaries with Alexander; hut, in the 
dark recefles of antiquity,, a great poet may and ought 
to feign fueh things as he finds not there, if they can 
bo bi ought to cmbcllirti that fubjctl which he treats. 
On the other fide, the pains and diligence of ill poets 
it but thrown away* when they want- the fenius to in* 
tent and feign agreeably. But if the fictions be de» 
JightfuJ (which they always are, if they be natural); 
if they be of a piece 5 if the beginning, the middle, 
ancl the end, be in their due places, and artfully uni- 
ted to each other, fuch works can never fail of their de* 
Jerved fucceft. And fuch is Virgil's epifode of Dido 
and ^neas s where the foiweft critic muft acknowfedge 1 
that if he had deprived his jEneii of fo great an orna- 
ment, becaufe he found no traces of ir in antiquity, 
lie had avoided their unjnft cenfure, but had wan red 
one of the greateft beauties of his poem. I iball iay 
more of this m tlie next article of their charge aguinft 


ff¥ fJSS WTV, WJS1 BW i 

iteOnrf k tfrofe words, « ' 
jan£hn*n0r,**<mnlbfm>mam aflow it s» bra saw- 
rai fsunvje uttwrstvUo asm ..yisrifi r kwb m b*- 


JiimiIus letter to Auguftss : Tod, Sir, Baft, fee* fast 
fart me into esife for writing my Ait *# Lo#e» awi 
my wanton elegies; yet your own poet was happy 
in your good gnct*, though he Uougfct Dido and 
^Baea* into a care, and left them these not cwer-ho- 
swJHy together r may I be fo bold to A yonr majefty, 
U ft • greater fauk to teach the art of unlawful love, 
than to (hew it in the a&ion ? But was Orid, the court- 
poet, fn bad a courtier as to find no other plea to ex- 
ctife himfclf than by a plain accufation of ins mailer? 
Virgil confefled it was a lawful marriage betwixt the 
invert j that Juno, the goddefi of matrimony, had ra- 
tified u by her prefcnee ; for it was her bufinefs to 
tiring matter* to that iflue : that the ceremonies west 
ffort ws may believe, for Dido was not -only amorous, 


B E D I C AT IOH t S 7 

ti widow. Mercury himflif, though employed on 
a tjuiic contrary errand, ytt owns it a marriage by am 
injj uendo ,— f * P u I ch ra m que uxor j u s u rbem cxtrui i . " — 
He calls j^neas not only a luifWd, but upbraids turn 
for being a. Fond hufbandj as the word " uxoriou*" im- 
plies. Now mark a little, if your Lordfrip pi cafe* , 
why Virgil is fo much concerned to make this marriage 
(for he teems to be the father of the bride bimfelf, 
and to give her to the bridegroom), U waa to make 
nvay for the divorce which he intended afterwards j for 
lie was a finer flatterer than Ovid : and I more than 
conjecture, thai he ha J in his eye the divorce, which 
not long before had parted bctwint the emperor anil 
Stribonia* He drew this dimple in the check of &nca;» 
to prove Auguftua of the fame family, by fu remark- 
able a feature in the fame place. Thus, a« we fry in 
our homripun EngUlh proverb, " He killed two bii d» 
■* with one (lone;** plcafcd the emperor, by giving hira 
the rcfcmbl&jrce of his anteftor, and gave him luch a 
Tcfcmbiance as was not feandakxus in that age, For 
to leave one wife and take another, was but a mrttrer 
of gallantry at that time of day among the Ruiii.m •. 
** Neguc hax m foedcra veni," h the very excufe 
which JEnaas -makes when he leaves liis lady* J made 
no fuch bargain with you at our marriage, to live 
always drudging on at Carthage \ my fan Jim. ft was 
Italy, and 1 never made a Jecrct of it. If I tfiok my 
| lcafure, had not you your Jharc of it ? I leave you 
free at my departure, to comfort yourfeif with tire jiext 
granger who happens to be tomwrecked on yuur coaft = 

■ •■■ ■• "r-l 

_ ..*.-"- '--■- -- i«:i "- *-_Xt, 

*.■/ • r 

...„.., i ■.!!•<• ,! * ,,il '*' "'"la**.-: .a. 'I*..', U t/.e 

n.'i -.i -.!•■•*' '•• ■*»'* , i ■•«»•-*» » T ■'- ^i!hoiii.«-:«:d cut cf 

i ...« ■»■'■■ l-i»,.l'"i !■»«»■». 't 'he jUJtl :u -/.ved not 

i, t , . titfi |in ■''■■» twin I«m .1 |mjui blind heathen » 

\ l... .u I..IU, i » ■ .11 : .'ii'iiUii» longer ihiui I intended 

.. .«,. >.i, .it it^Jk \wuld indeed weigh fume- 

tn.i 1 am not to defend our 

. v . '. .., .. .... '. 1 In 11 It, 1, but & cavil, though. 

■ . .iuu. Mvl I luii i «. wiiti 11 ucd from. 

\,,... •...- ».■ .in. i»iw;em ;»$;c : I hinted it 

1 U v m ••«• !ui* than want of invention to 

l . a^iul tiune, I mult acknowltViue : foe 

; u»aki.i, Hi thu word iigmncs : md he who 

ii.Av, .;...; ■ 1, invent, 'ush ins name rur -m* 

. ._ t hat w hi li 1 '.liuM-i .his accusation !ook o 

.. . . ti w u ihe i.iiv i.;iu, s, t'V.l he ha* borrowed ib- 

. ..ij tluu^ !i\iin 'ix'i-.icr. A^u'.Umius Rhudius. iivz 
ruiij who- ■j'u^cacu :iiin. r Uit. in the riiit place, *.f 
.'iveiiuoii : s ru -h: -.'.V..::i n 'b itncl J, ten:*, that the 
matter of Jk poem nuit .:•: wiioiiV :ie\v» and mat in i.L 
it* jui is, :hea Scan £!.■■■ hath made out, lairh Seyrrai-* f 
that the hutoiv .»f V:ov was ao mure the invention of 
Hume? , th.iii e: \ ir;;il. There was not an old wo- 
***n, or alumrt a child, but had it In their mouths,. 
before thai Greek poet or liis friends duelled it into 


BE" IT re A'T I O N. iff 

This admirable order in which we read it. At this rate, 
as Solomon hath raid us> there is nothing new beneath 
the run. Who then can pafe for an inventor, if Ho- 
mer, asi*ell as V^rgi!, muft be deprived of that glory 1 
U Vcrfailles the Jefs a new building, becaufc thir arc hi* 
tcft of that pahce hath imitated others which were 
buiTt before it? Wails, doors and windows, apart- 
ments r officer room* of convenience and raagnificenec t 
are in all great houfes. So defcriptions, figures, fa- 
ble* , aiuTthe rc#, muft be in all heroic poems ; tin y 
are the common materials of poetry, fumiihed from 
the mag atvnc of nature* every poet hath as much right 
to them, a s every man hath to air or water, •■ t^uid 
44 prohibcni aquas ? ufas communis a<juarum eft." But 
the argument of the work> that is to fay, its principal 
aftion, the economy and difppfojon of its ihcfc are- 
the things which difiiriguim copies from originals. 
The poet, who borrows nothing from others, ia yet to 
be bom ; he and the Jews MeiTias will come together* 
There are parts of the iEneis which referable fomc 
part* both of the Ilia* and of thcOdyifcs : as, For ex- 
ample, -/Eneas defended into hell, and Ulyffes had 
been there before him i iEneas laved Dido, and Uly f- 
fe-. loved Calypfo : in few words, Virgil hath imitatLd 
Homer's OdyiTcs in hb nVH fit boo its, and in hh fix 
laft the II i*s. But from henet can we infer, that the 
two poets write the fame hiftmy ? I a there ne# invention 
in fome other parts of Virgil 1 sJEneas ? The difpofitiori 
of fo many various matters, is not that his own. ? 
Jroxn what book of Homer had Virgil hU epifode of 
5; ktiue 

f .. 

■ - - : \-Zt- « .-.r*..— _ rjii.! ~ c^. 

■.■'Tkj r "i . r*/«*u :^»i i i .' ? . i j -T ttin- . - ^r -as 

-.•*»— ii .■>*», .<»r. ;„ . -. ^>>..vr*Tr t ia. 

. ... -.jr. As .^.ju^:. »-■,..* *"*c s^-'ii-ft^rj -ruirutuvr 
*-■ .er :m». .1; a-i -^-:. :t -.:.-" "ruax -cunaiflt 

** .Ht.crii; :::. .--....;,*: .._, .-, L.vct: ^uiiow*\n "u Z-l- 
-:.k:u.« :.».. >..:.:*.. .; j: L-irui-i- auj^n -Jim .tut. rr 
:-.r _ .i .: . .#...,. , _. ,-o .:.:i iic"" ■-. ^tuur :ur. i»fc 
Ui-i:^. . — ,'.•_..:: , ..T^-r::'. - .t^Tte. i .:iru l lav- 
■ kg :>i.c . *;. i- ...:.-. -i ".: r.tii i» iac .m-.-iuiir 
-.. : -.;::.-, .: . ..:.:.u. .:i ■ : ::i i» -'."piir :u ma 
ir..: .■:;:.-..„; ^, ^ . v t .i^.. -■.-..-.•-* .:ji u jesm jl 
*-v..r r ::_.. Z<i'. :.'- "-•-' '— — - : --"'" nure :uc- 
■-.: :' ». , : .ir, - . *: ::" . . •- .-■- .--..-. *s . inu. !•« 

2'W.: v. :.-.:r.:: . ;, i-v . :■■ ■--::.: y; XSsniLi"»a- 

i:".i..-.- .■ . ■-.-- /.■■.•-.. ■ .*. :. ...:.■ inn n Tiu'.r 
"""..u.... *. .': i. . v.- .i«- .--.-. ■! '.-jr ':.» v.- iii:.ii-t 

'■*•.*:.' '.■:". ." . «fi»: .«.. "._.." "'* "_ *'■ -"'• o-ltt '-.%;:" ~:i..:.£ 
*'. T..'.t^ :."'.:*! viiu."-. T"v- .-*:..*r -i ':'--: XT' :*u Lr.:- 

••••r '/ j*! : >c : - ■■--■« -'-■ ■»-— ■•-■ -ii-«:w >■-= ~> 

r *. i ITU: - !. ? 'r]jll4C: /:.".:-.■. '._*.."■-. "111. '""".' 2' : C'i. "«" 

ftnc '#i ri^hac. % .*»-■'- i ...-•"**:«- »»• -"« a.- ■.-.-.\x. 

• • »».#ir '»..:■■ r..ii. T':'-/ ■:■:.::. ■ m. -. I -ic V—r-^ ; 

!>EfD I (TA T TO K *fc 

Icind of invention in the imitation of Raphael t fr<r 
though the thmg was in natuic, yet the idea of it was 
his own. tJlrffei travelled, fo didj£neua<; but nei- 
ther of them v> are th& firft trarelien : tor Csm went 
into the land of Nod; before they were bom : and nti* 
tfier of the poets- ever heard of fiich a man* If UlylTe* 
had been killed at Tror, yet Ericas mufi have gone to 
fea, or he eomd never have arrived in Italy. But the 
defigns of the two poets were as diflcrent as thecoutfti 
of their heroes j one went home, and the other fought 
» home. To return to iriy mft fimilitude, Snppolfe 
Apelfcs and Raphael had each of them painted a burn- 
ing Troy ; might notihe modem painter toave fucceeded 
as well as the ancient, though neither of them had fecn 
the town on fire ? For the dfraught* of both ~*venr takco 
from the idea* whkh they had of nature-. Cities Have 
been burnt, before either of them vrcre in being. BtLr, 
to clofe the nmilc as I began it, thev would" not have 
defignco* it after the fame maimer : Allies would have 
dilHnguiihed PyTrhus from the reft of" alt the Grecian.-, 
and fhewed'him foreing into Priam's pa- 
lace ; there he had ftt him in the faheit hght, ai;d 
piven him the ehkf phice of all his figures; bccaule 
he was a Grecian, and 1 ' he wodd do honour to his 
country, Raphael, who was an Italian! anddcfccnjtd 
from the Trojans, would have made JEncas the heio 
of his piece; and'perftsps not with his father on his 
Vide ; his fon in* one hand^ his bundfe of gods in the 
otheV; and his wife following (for an aft of piety is 
Hot half fo graceful im a pifture as an a6t of courage) . 
S a he* 


the would have- rather drawn htm killing Androgens, 
or fome other, hand- to 'hand; and the t)l?zc of the 
fires ihould* have dsatad full upon his face, to make 
him coiifpicaou* arjiougft Iw Trojans. Thi* I think* 
U a, jnft compa ri son betwixt the two potts, -in* the- con- 
<dnd irf-iheirsmral de/tgns. AftrgiKcanm* be said «• 
'.copy Homer; the Grecian had only the advantage oF 
writing fori. If itbcuiged^tbatlharegnuBSedarc- 
jrmjifonce isv {bmejgafts, yet therein Virgil hasxxccUdl 
Sipm, For^hat are the tears of Calypfo, for* being lef^ 
So the fury and -death of Dido ? Where -is there the 
iwhole proceft of b^r soIBon, .^Ad^dl its-violent efie&s 
ltd tofounU, in thc^languiihingepifode of -the Odyfies? 
If dns-jbe axopy, let the-critics fhew us the {knap di£» 
j>ofciioa,tfcatttres, orcolouring, in their original, ( The 
like may be (aid of the defcentito hell, which was not 
*of Hornet's invention, neither ; he: had -it from the flory 
• of Orpheus aad Eurydice. Butrto what xnddid Ulyf- 
fci raake;that journey ? JEneas -undertook k by the 
-cxpreft commandment of his father's ghoft?: there he 
-was to flicw him all the fucccediog heroes of his race: 
.and, next to .Romulus (mark, if you pleafe, the ad- 
drefg of Virgil), his own patron Augustus Casfar. An*, 
cliifca was likewife to inftruft him how-to manage the 
Italian .war, and how to conclude it Avith his honour ; 
that is, in other words, to lay the foundations of that 
■empire which Auguflus was to govern. This is the 
uoblc invention of our author ; but it hath bten copied 
tyy fo many fign-poft daubers, that now it is grown 



Fulibme ; rather by their want of fkill, than by the 

In the laffc place i may fafely grant, that by reading 
^Hoiiier, Virgil was taught to imitate his invention j 
that is, to imitate -like him r which h no jnorc than if 
-a painter ftudicd Raphael, that be mi she learn xo de- 
sign after his manner* And thus I might imitate Vir- 
gil, if I were capable of writing an heroic poem, and 
j*t tiie invention 'be my own i but I would endeavour 
-10 avoid a lervilc copying. I would not give the fame 
ft ory under other names, with the fame characters, in 
the fame order, and witii the fame iequelj for every 
common reader to find me out at the firft fight for a 
. plagiary t and cry, ^This I read before in Virgil, in a 
fetter language, and in better verfe. This is like 
Merry- Andrew on the low tope, copying lubberly the 
fame tricks which his mailer is (o dctftroLuTy perform* 
lug on the high. 

I will trouble your Lordfhip but with out obje£Ho* 
tnorcj which I know not whether found in Le Fcvn% 
ct Valais ; but I am fore I have read it in another 
French, critic, whom ! will not name, beeaufe I thin t 
it is not much for his reputation, Virgil, in the heat 
.of action, fuppofe for example, in defcribing the fur J 
of hit; hero in a bat tie, when he is endeavouring to 
raifc our concernments to the higheft pitch, turns (hort 
on the fudden into fome. (Imiutudc, which diverts* fa/ 
•they, your attention from the main lubje^ nn4 aaC- 
Xpenjds it on low trivial image. He pour* told water 
#n*9 the caulfen, w^en^is b^Ooeft U Jfo flftabe it boil. 
S* Thfc 


This accufarkm is general againft ail who -would bV 
thought heroic poets? but I think it touches Virgil Ida 
tHan- any. •He it *» gpeat m matter of his art to make 
a- Wot Which may foeafil? 1ir*ifc SimiUsudes; ast 
have fci*, are not for tragedy, which is all vtokntV 
and where- tie paffions are is a perpetual feme**! 
for there they deaden where they fheuhf animate? 4b*f 
are' no* of the nature of dialogue, unkft la eomedyU 
a metajiltor^alnioft all the ftageeas fuflby which? is 
a kind -of fimilitude comprehended in a worth -Brit 
thk figure lUs a contnuy effeft ih her^ thero- 

it is- employed to raife the adrmration^ which is Hi ptfov 
per bufinefk ' And admiration ir not 1 of ft vkkak fc. 
nature at fear or hope/eompalnW or horror, or any 
concernment we can have for fuch or ftich a per&ti oil 
the frage: ' Not but I eotfefs, that fimiHtudes anbyde;* 
ftrrptions, when drawn: into an unreafonabt* length,, 
muft needs naufeate the. reader. Orice I remember, 
and but once, Virgil makes a fimilitude of fourteen? 
lines i and his description of Fame is about the famfe 
number. He is blamed fbr bothy and I doubt not but 
he would hare contracted diem, had he lived to have 
reviewed 1 hi« work. : but faults are no precedents. Thra 
I have obferved of his fimilttudes nr general, that they 
are not placed, as our unebfcrvktg critic* tell us, ra- 
the heat of arty action : but commonly in its decliiN 
ing t when he Mas warmed us m his. defcription & > 
much at pbffibly he can, then, left that warmth fhouftL' 
lang^imjhfC renews it by fome apt fimilitude, which it-- 
hteatc»i&Aibje&, an<yet palls not his audience. X 



[ give vour Lord (hip but one example nf this kind, 
i leave the red to jour observation, when next you 
review the whole jEnci* in the original imblemiihed 
fcj my Hide trarvflfrttoir: It is in the fir ft bbok, where 
the poet describes Neptune compofm^ the ocean, on 
which JEoItts had raifed a tempeft, without his per- 
million. He had already chidden the rebellious witufs 
for obeving the commands of their uflirptnjr roafttr: 
he bad" warned them fro in the feas : he h^d beaten 
down tht Inflows with his mace-j dialled the clbudJ, , 
reflated the ibnOiitrej whfle Triton and Cymothet wer* 
heaving the mips from off the quicken rid 3, before th« 
poet would offer at a funilitude for ill nitration- 

** Ac r veiuti"magno in popuio cum £epcc aorta eft 

* £ Seditio, fevitque animls ignoblle vulgus, 

** Jamque faces, & faxa volant, furor arma minu$rat>. 

** Turn pktate gravem, ac mexitLs ii forte virura quenv 

" Conlpcxare, frU*nt,,3ric£Ufque-auribui adftant ; 

" I lie legit-dicT-ia-ammos, & pexiuta mulcet : 

•* Sic cunftus pclagi accidit fragor t aqwora poftquatn 

** Profgicicn? genltor,, eoeloque, invcftu* aperto 

** FlccUtxquoi,. currucrue valaas.dat lor a* iecun do." 

This is the ffrft ffmi titude which Virgil makes in this 
poem, and one of the kmgeft in the wKote, for which 
reafon I the rather cite it- "White the ft'oim was in its 
fury, any all u Hon had been improper j for the poet 
could have compared' it to nothing more impetuous 
than itfelf ; confequemiy he could have made no illu- 
fcatian. If he could have illustrated, it had been an 





ft f JNtfK I MM ft IM6 WttM BOH 

'I**fc4 rfw *«e 4f fcn »d»o* 
AfHbfU ha* fcr a* pneafe 

fc#M/W, W#4 WKfllll tWO 

**H» w* a fammtr j and, if I 


ajcw. Atkaft 

to k. Homer's, we 

Taflo, I am fine, ex* 

DdBy perhaps 

U* miftfti be reduced into a mncfekft compafit. Soffit 
l#*Vf» if rf'/ulaful whether Virgil's a&kms were within 
ihi y^fU'i ^r took up fome months beyond it. Indeed the 
wluflfldityrufft (• of no more concernment to the common 
^MiWfi limn It It to a ploughman, whether February 
tltU yw hmt twenty-eight or twenty-nine days in it. 
Hull fvr ill* (ktiiiWtipn of the more curious, of which 

4 ClUftV- 

1$. &ty 

jiumber I am furc your Lordfhip iu one, I will 
tranflate what I think convenient out of Scgraut, 
whom perhaps you have not read : for l^e haa made it 
highly probable, that the afHon of t lie jfcneis began 
in the ipring t and was not extended beyond the au- 
tumn. And we have known-campaigns that have be* 
gun (boner, and have ended later. 

Ron fa rd, and the reft whom Segmis names, who 
are of opinion that the aftion of this po^m takes up 
almoft « year and a half, ground their calculation 
thus r Aochifes died in Sicily at the^end of winter, or 
beginning of the fpring. jiineas, i i n mediate J y after 
the interment of his father, puts to fea for Italy : he 
is furprized by the tcinpeft dcl'cribed in the beginning 
■of the fefi book; and there it is that the fcene of the 
poem opens, and where the action molt commence* 
He is driven hy this ftorm on the coafh; of A file : he 
(lavs at Carthfige nil that {limmer, and almott all the 
winter following : fets fail again for Italy juft before 
ihe beginning of the fpring r meets with contrary 
winds, and makes Sicily the fecond time : this part of 
the action com pleats the yeai*. Then be celebrates the 
annivcriarv of his father** funeral, and Jhortly after 
arrives at Cuiulp, and from thence his rime is taken 
up in his firft treaty with Labrras » the overture oi' the 
war ; the iiegc of his camp by Turnus j his going for 
fuecours to relieve it ; his return $ the raifutg of "the 
fiegc by the hrft battle s the twelve days truce ; the fe- 
cond battle | the adault of Lauren turn, and the Jingle 
-fighx with Turnua $ all which, they Jay, cannot take 



*rt DEDrCATrON; 

up lefs than four or five months more; by which' aew 
count we cannot fuppofe the intire a&ion to be coni- 
tained in a much left compafs than a year ancVhalf. 

Scgrais reckons another way ; and his computation is 
not condemned by the learned 1 Ruatis, who compiled 
and' publifhed' the commentaries on our poet, which 
we call the Dauphin's Virgil. 

flc allows the time of the year when Anchlfes died, 
to be in the latter end of winter, or in the beginning 
of the fpring ; he acknowledges that when ^Bneas is 
firft feen at fea afterwards, and is driven by the tcm=- 
peft on the-coaft of Afric, is the time wHen the aftion 
ib naturally to begin : ho confeflcs farther, that .Sheas 
left Carthage in the latter end of winter ; for Dide* • 
tells him m exprefs ten»s> as an argument- for his 
longer ftayy 

" Quinctiamhibenro moliris fidere claiTemv" 

Bfut whereas Ronfard's followers fuppofe that when 
jEncas had burred his father, he fct fail immediately 
fbr Italy (though the tempeft- drove him on the coaft" 
of Carthage), Scgrais will by no means allow that fup- - 
portion, but thinks it much more probable- that he re- 
mained in Sicily- till the midft of Jnlv, or the begin- 
ning of Auguft, aFwhich time he praccs the firft ap^- 
pcarnncc of liis< hero on the fea, and there opens the 
aclion of the poem. From which beginning, to the 
death ofTurnus, which concludes the action, there 
need not be fuppofed above ten months of intei mediate 
time : for, jariving at Carthage in the latter end of. 

fummcr, . 


tuner* laying there the winter -folio wing, departing 
rhenee in the very beginning of the fpring, makings 
ihorr abode in Sicily the fecond time, landing inltalv, 
and making' the war, may be real on ably judged the 
bufiwefi but of ten months* To'this'the Ronfar&an* 
reply* that having been for foven years he fore in quell 
of Italy, and having no more to 'do in Sicily than to 
inter his fafher, after that office was* performed, what 
remained for Jiim, -but, without delay, to purfue h» 
iirft adventure? To which Scgrais anfwm, that the 
obfeqiiies a£ Kb father, according to the rites tff:the 
Greclv^ and Romans, umjEd>detain him for many days : 
thai a longer time mult be taken -up in .the refitting of 
hi* ftiipn, after fo tedious a voyage, and in (cfrefliing 
his wcatker- beaten foldiers on a friendly coaih Thcfe, 
io deed, ate buHuppofitkms an -bath ftdca, yet thole of 
Scgrais feem better grounded. -For the feaJi of Dido, 
v.hen flic entertained yRneas firft, has ihe appearance 
of a Cu miner's night, which iccms already ahnoft end- 
ed when he begins his Awy i therefore the 4ove wa* 
made in aurumn i the hunting followed properly, when, 
the heats of that fcorching country were declining : 
the winter was> F paued,in jollity:, .as theXcaion and their 
Jove required ; and he left her in the latter end of 
"winter t as is already proved. This opinion is fortified 
iy the arrival of ^ncas at the mouth of Tfbcr t which 
jnarks the uVaibn of the fpring j that feafbn being per- 
fectly defcribed by the fmgmg of the birds* Jaluting 
•i he dawn ; and by the beauty of the place i which .the 

*7* BE D I C A T I O N. 

thought- to derive the rites of their religion, than from 
the Grecians, becaufc they thought themfelves de- 
fcended from them. Each of thofe gods had his pro- 
per office, and the chief of them their particular at- 
tendants. Thus Jupiter' had, in -propriety, Oanymede 
and Mercury, ancl Juno "had Iris. It was not For Vir- 
gil then to create new minifters ; "he muft take what he 
-found in his religion. It cannot therefore be faid that 
beborrowed thtm from ff omer, any more than Apollo, 
tfiana, and the reft, whom he ufcsas he finds occaiion 
:for them, as the Grecian poet did : but he invents th« 
•octanons for which he ufes them. Venus, after -the 
dcftru&ion of Troy, had gained Ne^rtune entirely t© 
her .party ; therefore we find hhnl>ufy in the beginning 
of the -dEneis, to calm the tempeft raiTed "by iEolus, 
and afterwards conducting the Trojan fleet to Cum* 
m fafety, with the lofs only of their pilot, "for whom 
he bargains. 1 name thofe two examples amongft a 
hundred which I omit : to prove that Virgil, generally 
Jpeaking., employed his machines in performing thofe 
things \vhich might pdflibly have 'been done without 
them. What more frequent than a ftorm at fea, upon, 
"the riling of Orion ? what wonder, if amongft fo 
many fhips, fherc mould one "be overfet, which was 
commanded by Orontes, though "half the winds had 
not been fherc wliich JflLolus employed ? Might not 
Palinurus, without a miracle, fall aflcep, and drop 
into the fea, having been ovcr-wcaricd with watching, 
fuid fecurcof a quiet paifagc, by hi» obfervation of the 

ikies j 

IVE D I C A T TO N. i 7I 

ti > tt leaft jEneas, who knew nothing of the ma- 
chine of Somt»t&, takes if plainly in this fenfe : 

* c O nrm*um code & pdago coniifc fcrcno, . 
* s Nodus in ignota Fab nunc jaccbie ajee&k." 

But machines fa»rctimcs are fpceioiis things tovamufe 
tkc reader, and give a eolonrnf probability to things : 
oiherwife incredible. And befideto 4 it fiweited the va- 

Iiwty of the Komans, to fitod the gods fo viftbly con* 1 
earned in all the acrronaof their predecefibrs. We; 
who are better taught by our religion, ?yet own every - 
wonderful accident which bcfals as for the belli to be - 
brought to paf& by lome ipecial providsnea of Almighty- 
God, and by the care of guardian angels : and from ' 
htnre 1 might infer, that no heroic poem can be writ- 
OH the- Epicurean principles ; which I could eaiily • 
dememftrafe, if them were, need; to prove it, or I had- 

When Venire opens the eye* of "her-foii ^Eneas, to 
behold the gods who combated again ft Troy in that* 
fatal night when it was -furprized, wc ftiare the pica- 
fure of thai glorious 'vtiuui (which Taffo 'has not ill . 
copied in the fackiag-of jcrofalem}* ■ But the Greeks , 
had do jie the tr bu 1 im: fs ; thou ^h n e i t her Ne pt\i n ey J u n o r 
or Pallas, hail given them their divine tfLTifta nee. The? 
rnoftcirucW machine whidvYirgH ufes is, in the cpiiode. 
of Camilla, where Opis, by the command of "her mif- 
tscfs t ktlU Arum. The next is in die twelfth zEi^ui,, 
where Venut cures- her Gju* jEneas^ But in the laft of n 
ihefe, the poet was. driven to -a neceflky j foe Turnup 

Ygl. V, T- WN 



^waa to be flam that very day ; and -/Eneas, wounded 

.as he was, coald not have engaged him in finglexom- 
bat, unlefs his hurt had been miraculoufly healed. 
And thbpoet had confi<fereft ; that the ditCanJ^ which 
ihe brought from Crete, could not have wrought fo 

*fpiediy an cffe&, wkhotftihe .juice of toubioSfc^hWi 
(he., mingled with k. After all, that lnis T fftoehimf 

wight not fcem too violent, wA fee the hero limping, 
after. Ttarnus. The wound was fkinncfti; * tu*i tfrc 
jferetfgth of his tjugh was not reftoretL But whabrem* 
ffita had 1 our author to wound JEneas at fo 4rkical a 
time * And be wade tempered 
than the rtft of hisanHomy which was all wnaigta by 
Vulcan and his journeymen? Thefe difficulties are not 
•cauly to be folved, without oonf effing that Varfil had 
jf0C-Ufc Enough to .correcVhn work; thoogh-?he 1iaa\ 
•reviewed* it* and found thoie errors which heritiefatd 
to mend^ but being prevented by death, and notwii- ■ 
Jmgtfn'iease an imfter£e& work behind him, he ordkin- 
en% by^iie laft teftament, that his ^Eneis ihould be 

* burned. ' As forthe death of A runs, who was (hot by 
aJgoddeft, *he machine was «iot altogether fb outrage- 
«OUs as the wounding Mars and Venus by the fword 
«of Diomede. Two divinities, one would have thought, 
Alight have pleaded their prerogative of impaffibility, 
4tt at ieail not have been wounded by any mortal 
itaadi. Belide that the 4%«^ which they iked, were fe 
Tety like our common blood, that it was not to be 
^feftinguifhed from it* but only by the name and co- 
lour. -A* for what Horace fays in his Art of Poetry* 



: no machines are to be ufcd, unlcfe on fome extra- 
ordinary occafion, 

" Nee dcus inteifit, nifi digntis vindiee r.ocjus |" 

that rub is to be applied to the theatre, of which he 
h then fpeakmg $ and means no more than this, that 
when the knot of the play is to be untied, and no othci* 
way h left for making the difcovery, then, aiVd 
not otherwife, let a gnd de fiend upon a rope, and 
tlear the bufinefs to the audience; but this has no 
relation to the machines which arc ufrd in an epic poem. 
In the taft place, for the Dira, orftyingptft, which 
flapping on the fhield of Tu rnus, and fluttering about hit 
head, di (heartened hwn in the duel, and prefag*d to hint 
his approaching death, I might have placed it more pro- 
perly amongft the objections. For the critics , whoJay 
want of courage to the charge of Virgil'* hero, tpiote this 
paiTage as a m ai n proof of the i r a flirt i on* They fay our 
author had not only fecured him before the duel, but 
alfc t in the beginning of it, had given him the advan- 
tage in impenetrable arms, and in his fwortl r that of 
Turnus was not his own (which was forged by Vulcan 
for his father), but a weapon which he had matched 
to hafte, 'and, by mifhtfce, beloft|firtg to hi* -tharibteer 
Mrtifcuu. That, after all this, Jupiter, 4 who was j$aW 
tial to the Trojan,- and iliftrtaftful of the ev*rit> %hoiigh 
lie had hung the balance, «ftd given k a jog of his hand 
to' weigh down Tornus, thought convenient to give the 
fate* a collateral fecurtty by fending the fcteecll-owi to 
tiifcaiflgtfutt. For whkh they ^uot* thefo words of 

T a <«— — Non 


*■ ■ -p - N on me tua turbida virtus 
" Tenet, ait j Dii mc tcirentj &c Jupiter hoftis." 

Id amfwer W whkh T I fay, that this machine is one 
<jf ikoie which the poet uies only for ornament, and- 
act out of neceflky. Nothing can be more beautiful, 
or more poetical, than this tlcfcriprion of the three Di 
rge, or the fitting of the balance, which our Mil to: 
Ips borrowed from him, but employed to a diftererii 
$nd i for firft he makes God Almighty fct the fcales. 
fur St. Qafcriel and Saun, when he knew no combai 
wavto follow ; ihuv he makes the good angel 
4tfeend; ax. J the devil's mount; quite contrary t< 
Virgil, if 1 have, translated the three verier accovdin 
to my author's fenfe t 

** Jupiter ipfe duas tfqirato examine lances 
" Suftinet ; & fata imprmit diverfa duorum 
** Quern damnet tabor, & <juo vergat pond ere le- 
* thurn." 

Foi I have taken thefe words, ** Qucm damnei labor, 
iu the feftfe which Virgil gives them in another pJace j 
** JDaronabis tu quoquc votis */' to fignify a profperouft 
tvenc* Yet I dare not condemn fo great a genius as 
Mikaa : for I am much miftakes if he alludes not to 
the rtxt in Danic^ where Baiihazzar was put into the 
balance, and found too light. This h digreffton, and 
I return to my fubjefL I hid above, that thefe two 
ffiwhines of the balance and the Dim were ouJy or- 
uxaenul, and thai: the Xuccefc of the dud had been the 




& T £ A T I & 177 

lame without til em ; For, when ^Encaa and Turn us 
ftooA fronting each other before the altar, Turnus 
looked dejeftacl, and his colour faded in his face, 35 
if he ddponded of the victory he fore the fight ; %a& 
not only he, but all his party, when the ftrcngth of 
the two champions was judged by the proportion of 
their limbs, con eluded it was " imparpugna/* and that 
their chief was over-matched. Whereupon Juturna 
(who was of the fame opinion) took this opportunity 
to break the treaty and renew the war, Juno herfeK 
had plainly told the nymph be fore -hand, that her bro- 
ther was to fight t 

** Imparibus fattis.; ncc Due, ncc v in bus acquis ; +t 

{a that there was no need of an apparition io fright 
Tnrmi* : he had the prefagc within himfelf of * hi* 
impending deltiny. Tlie Dira only ferved to confirm 
him In his firft opinion » that it was his deftiny to die 
in the entiling combat. And in this feu ie are thofe 
* words of Virgil to be taken ; 

~Non mea tua turbfda virtus 

" Terr-et, ait$ fcii mcterrent, & JupitP* Hoftis.!* 

I doubt aotTnft the adverb <folum) * *w» be uia- 

•nerftood, it-is not your -valour only thargires me this 

concernment; but I fina alio, by tfci$?portent, that 

Jupiter Is my enemy. For Tufnus fled before avji&i 

his firft fword was broken, till his filler 'Aipplied 

> him with a better 5 which indeed-" he could not ufe; 

becaufe Mbkm kept hkri*ata diflaiice ^wiih-bU-ipea-. 

* . T 3 I won- 


I wonder Ruaeus faw not this, where he charges h» 
author fo unjuftly* for giving Turnus a fecond fwprd, 
ip no fiurpofe. How. could he fatten a blow, or make 
,a t^uruft, when he was not differed to approach { Be- 
/yW ft*, chief errand of die Dira was, to warn Ju- 
turna from the field, for we could have brought the 
^chariot again, when (he (aw her brother worfted in the 
; 4ueL I might further add, that JBneas was (b eager 
jp the%ht, that he left the city, now almoft in* his 
MfleflSon, to decide his quarrel with Turnus by the 
fvvord % whereas Turnus had manifeftly declined . the 
coVnoat, and fuftered his fifter to convey him as far 
from the reach of his enemy as (he could. I (ay, not 
only fuffered he*, but contented to it; for it is plain. 
fee knew her* by.theft words : 

' ** O foror k dudum agnovi, cum prima per artenv 
- ** Paedera turbafti, teque haec in bella dedifti j. 
'' u Et nunc nequicquam fallis Dea.** 

I hare dwelt fo long on this fubjeft,. that I muffc 

contract what I have to fay, in reference to my tranf- 

ktion : unleis I would (Well my preface into a volume, 

and make it formidable to your Lordfhip, when you 

. fee fo many pages yet behind* And indeed what I 

> have already written, .either in juftification or praife of 

Vvgii, » againft myfelf j ibr prefuming to copy, in 

*mj coaife English, the thoughts and beautiful expref- 

; fans of this inimitable poet, who flouridied in an age 

when his language was brought to its laft perfection,. 

.<a* wttgb it was particularly owing to him and Horace* 



Twill give your Lordfliipmy opinion, that thofc two 
friends had confuted each other's judgment, wherein- 
they fhould endeavour to excel j and they feem to have 
pitched on propriety of thought, elegance of words, 
and harmony of numbers. According to ihii model, 
Horace writ bis Odes and Epods : for his Satires and ' 
Epi files, being intended wholly for inttruAionj required 
another ftyle : 

f* Ornari res ipfa negat, contenta doceri/* 
And therefore j as he himfelf profefics, are " fermoni 
**■ propriora," nearer profe than verfc. But Virgil, who 
never attempted the lyric verfe, is every where elegant* 
ftveet, and flowing, in his hexameters His worcte are 
not only chofen, lint the places in which he ranks them 
for the found j he who removes them from the flat ion 
wherein their mailer fee thenv fp°^ s tnc harmony. 
What he fays of the Sibyl's prophecies, may be as 
properly applied iq every word of hi a ? they mnu be 
read* in order as they lie? the leall breath difcompoiea- 
them, and famewhat of their divinity is loft. I can- 
not hoaft that I have been thus exa& in my verfes,. 
but I have- endeavoured to follow the example of my 
maAer: and am the firft Bngliflvrnan, perhaps, who 
made it hit defign to copy him in hit numbers, his 
choicest jwca'ds, and hU placing them f6r the fweet- 
Wt. of the found, On • this tail confederation, I have 
ihunned the Caefnra as much a» ppffiblf I could. For 
whereaer that is ufed, it givet a roughnef* to the verfe; 
g&yfctchwe can have little need, in a language which 
T 4^ » 

^%o D E I>-I C A T-I-O *J. 

. is : over-*ftockcd with confonants. . Such is not tlid L*- 
.tin, where the vowels and confonants are mixed in 
proportion to each other : yet Virgil judged the. vowels 
.to have forncwbat of *a over-balance, and therefore 
. ;<eraperi their fwcetncfs wjth CseAira*. Such^diife*- 
.f«nce there is in tongues, that the lame figure which 
.roughens one, gives aajcfty t» another : and thai; was 
it which Virgil ftudied in his verfes. Ovid ufes it but 
. rarely J and hence it is that this verification cannot ib 
property l ne called ftreet, as hliciorus. 'The Italians 
jarerforctd iupoa it, once or twicer in every lme,Vbe- 
.*can-fe they have a-rtdundancy of vowels in. their lan- 
•Jguage. Their metal is j fafoft, that it wilbnot com 
ywkbout alloy to harden it. On- the other fide,.' for the 
^-eafon already named, it wall we can do to givefuf- 
^ficient fwcetnels to our.Jangttage : we >muft not x>nly 
.jchoofe our word* for,-eJegance, but- for found 3 so 
^perform, which, a maftery in the language isoifcquired, 
ihe poptiiuuit have a. magazine o£ words, and have the 
.art to. manage his few .vowels to the heft advantage, 
-that theyroay go the fowher. He rouft alfo know the 
^atiu? «&the vowels, **hkli are: -more Jbnorous, and 
-which more fpftand/weet.; and fodiipofe them as- his 
♦prefer* oecafions jnequii^.: all which, and a thoufand 
/ecrets of yeriincatiprt 4xifider her may Jearnf fpcm Vir- 
gil,, jf hfltwiH t*ke him far hi$.giude. If .he 'be .above 
tVirgU, .and is refolved to ftdlow his own, verve (aa the 
f rench call it), the proverb will fall heavily -upon him* 
Wh^teachjEsiumfcU, Juts a foci f or Jiis -malted .:* 
* ' ••-'.,■ . . »• = •-• •■ ••■Wkj* 


- Virgil employed eleven years upon hi* i^neri ; yet he 
Jcft it, as hfc thought himfclf, impcrfe£h Which 
when I fcrioufly confidcr, 1 wiia, thsrinftead of three 
-Years which 4 have fpent in the tianflatioa of his 
jworkff, I hid lour years tnorfr allowed mc to correct 
my error*, that I mi^bt make my rcrfion fomewhit 
i more Jtolerable than it h : for a poet cannot have too 
gvtat a reverence for his readers , if he expels his la- 
'botjrs ftioufd furvive him* Yet" I will neither plead 
my *™c no/ fickneft, in exetife of the faults which T I 
have matfc : that I wanted time, is all" that I have to 
-fty ; for femie of mv fubfc fibers grew fo damorout, 
that I could no longer defer the publication, I hope, 
'from the carfdour of your Lord (hip, and your nfren 
experienced gooeinefsi to me, that, if the faults are not 
itxr many, you will make allow a nets with Horace: 

** Si pi ura latent m cnrraine, r non ego paucii 
*■ Gdendar maculis, cjuas ant iuewia fudit 
" Aut humana parum cavit natura." 

You may pleafe alfo to obfervc, that there is noT, to 
jhc be ft of my remembKincc, one vowel gaping on an- 
other for want of a Catfura, in- thU whole poem ; but 
-where a voweL ends a word r the ne*t logins either with 
a conibnamv or what is its equivalent $ for our W and 
H afpirate, and our diphthong, arc plainly fuch j the 
^rcateft latitude I take is in the letter Y, when it con- 
cludes a word, and the firft fy U able of the next begins 
vhh a vowd. Neither need I have called this a lati- 
tude^ wfckb is only an explanation of tbis general i : 
I that 


that no rowel can be cut off before another, when we 
cannot fink the pronunciation of it; as He, She, Me, 
I, ic. Virgil think* it fometimes a beauty to imitate 
the licence of the Greeks, and leave two Towels open- 
ing on each other, as in that rerfc of the third Pa- 

** Et fuccus pecori, & he fubducitur agios.*' 
But, " nobis non licet efle tain difertis :** at leaft, 
if we ftudy to refine our numbers. I hare long had 
by me the materials of an Engliih Proibdia, containing 
all the mechanical rules of verification, wherein I 
have treated with fome cxa£tnefs of the feet,- the quan- 
tities, and the paufes. The French and the Italians 
know nothing of the two firft ; at leaft their beft poets 
have not practifed them. As for the paufes, Malherbe 
firit brought them into France, within this laft century j 
and we fee how they adorn their Alexandrians. But,, 
as Virgil propounds a riddle which he leaves unfolved, . 

"Die quibus in terris, inferipti nomina regum 
« Nafcantur flores, & Phyilida folus habeto," 

fb will I give your LorcHhip another, and leave the ex- 
pofition of it to your acute judgment. I am fure 
there are few who make verfes, have obferved the* 
fwcetnefs of thefe two lines in Cooper's-Hill ; 

u Though deep, yet clear; though gentle, yet not dull $ 
" Strong without rage, without o'erflowing full.** 

And there are yet fewer who can find the reafbn of 
that fwectnefs. I have given i( to fame of my frienfc 


in eonveriation, and they have allowed the criticifm to 
be juft. But, fmcE the evil of falJe quantities U diffi- 
cult to be cured in any modem language; fince the 
French and die Italians, as well as we T arc yet ignorant 
what feet are to be uted in heroic poetry ; liuce I have 
not ftrittly obferved thofc rule* myfcjf, which I cam 
teach others ; luice I pretend to no dictatorship among 
my fellow-poets; fince if I mould in Gruel fome of. 
them to make well-running verfes, they want genius 
to give them ftrength as well as fweetnefs j and above 
all, fmce your Lord ill ip has advifed me not to publish 
th,tt little whkh I know, I look on your counfel aa 
ymir command, which I Ilia 11 obferve inviolably, tilt 
you fliall pleafe to revoke it, and leave me at Libcrry to 
make my thoughts public. In the mean time, that I 
may arrogate nothing to my 1 elf, I mutt acknowledge 
that Virgil in Latin, and Speniec in Engliih, have been 
my m afters. Spenfer has alfo given me the boMn efs 
to make ufe fomeumes of his Alexandrian line ; which 
we call, though im properly ,, the Pindaric, becaufe 
Mr. Cowley has often employed it in his Odes* It 
adds a certain majefty to the* verfe, when it h ufed 
with judgment, and flops the fenfe From ore rflo wing 
into another line. Formerly the French, like us, antl 
the Italians, had but five feet, or ten fyllables, in their 
heroic verfe ; but fince Roniard T s time, as I fnppufe, 
they found their tongue too weak to fupport their epic 
poetry, without the addition of another foot. That 
indeed has given it lomewhat of the run and meafure 
of i trimeter j but it rum with more activity than 

ftrcngth : 


<fiiength r their language is not ftrung with fioevrs Tike 
*mr Eiu^i^h r it has the nimbleuefs of a grayhoLmd, 
?|>nt not the bulk and- body of a maftiffl Our men and 
our veries overbear ttrcm bv their weight ; arid ** pon- 
■* - derenon mimcro, ,J It the Britifh motto. The French 
iuve fct up ©urny for the ftandard of their lan- 
guage j ami a maicuime vigour is that of ours. Like 
their tongwe k the genius of tberr poets, Kght and tri- 
fling in companion of the Engliih j more proper for 
-Jon aets T madrigals, and elegies, than heroic poetrv. 
.The tura on thoughts and woi»ls is their chief talent ; 
.-but the epic poem is too fUfccly to receive thofe little 
ornaments. The painters draw thetr nymph* in thin 
.and airy habits, but the weight of gold and of embroU 
Series is refer ved Ibr queens and goddefles. Virgil i* 
-jiever frequent in thofe turn*, like Ovid; bnt mtidh 
'more f paring of them In hk jftiieis, than in his Pafto- 
,fais and Georgics : 

** I^nofcendaquidcm, fei rent fi ignofc ere manes.* 1 

That turn h beautiful indeed ; but he employs it hi 

.the ftory of Orpheus and Eurydrce, not in his great 

poem. I have ufco 1 that licence in his JEneia ibmc- 

timesj but I own -it as my fault. It was given to 

[ thofe w ho untkrftand no better. It is like Ovid/s 

t v. -** Semmrunique bovem, ifemibotemque virum.** i 
"*Pne poetffouhd it*before his critics J but it was a dsr- 
r lin£ fin which' tie Would not be perfuaded to reform. 
•The want of'^eiiifisV of whicli I have accufed fie 
£ $Vencb> MaH^fc && Itokge ^one of4^i/ of n 

D£I>K A- T PO^ ?fl$ 

grtdt authors, though I ha vie forgotten his name, and* 
where I read it. If rewards could make good poets * 
therr great maimer has not been- warning on his part in> 
his bountiful encouragements: for he is wife enough: 
to imitate Auguftus,, if he had a Maro. The Trium- 
vir and Profcfiber had descended to us m a more hide- 
ous form than they now appear, if the- em pe ror had* 
not taken care to mak a friends of htm and Horace. L 
cacfefs the banifhment of Ovid was a blot in his ef-n 
cutcheon; yet be was only bamlhcct; andvdio know* 
but his crime was capita], and then his exil* was a fa- 
vour. Apoffco, who, with all his faults, muft be ae— 
knowjedgrd a great poet 1 has pur thd'e words into the* 
mouth of an evaugtiiit $ but whether ihevMuJl paii fox* 
got pel now, I cannot tell : t 

** Noil fu fi (anto ni bemgno .drtigufto, 
" Come la tuba di Virgilio fuona j 
■* I/riaver havuto in poena buon gufto, 

" La |Moicrit*ione iniqua gli pardona." 


Bur heroic poetry is not of. the growth of France* 
a? it might be of England, if it were cultivated,. Sycn- 
fcr wanted only to have read the rules of BoJTu y for no, 
mar* was ever born with a greater genius, or had more 
knowledge to fupport it. But the, performance of the, 
French is not casual to their fkJLL ; and hitherto we 
| have wautcd ikiU to perform better. Segrais, whofe 
preface is fo wonderfully good, yet is wholly deilkutc 
of elevation j though his veriion is much, better than 
that of the two brothers, or any of the. reft, who hav% 


: v 

■ ■ • ? ; iroz ' 
.:-; Lsmn r: the i 

*-'i^ t *tnl -Jnedki 

■ "*■ ■'* ■ • ; -«. -t irsr W 

■•■■■.■: . ..:, .*.* t IttSie* 

• ■• '• ■ . «wc -woa 

'■'■'■ ...:....]. Viw rf* 

■■" ■ ll - : ' !; ' ■■ "..... : » i \igjti 

""«■ '■••■'■!. r ..A- : tignufiun 

■ 'ti:it ■. ■!■!. -I.: -v.-:-. .....a i^Ms,. 'imp 

'"■" ' " -.:'■ . -j. "i.:.* "i*. * :aiiii) i. otnr 
n ••* .lu "■»-.■: *?<.'*» .. _ !.«-.- ».it» lWKti 
,: ■: ". ..,'. -.. ..ij ■ ,U"vs. .".a .ittie yx&i 

"v.v:::': ■: .;;.: : fc L-\.:*:ip i& iiij .iuu T vyct. 

,. .V* -.■>■*. "Vo.p.i "u::.-: . ~...± :u *..:«: .oms 'at. *. 

s. .*■ : . ■.-.-. 't. - . t-i.*--.-:e». :u -■::■ 
Vx ".-..: . ■;._■■- x . •-■: '-*.-.-.- »•■ ■.. -^ 
■li.r*. >..-.. .'■;.,_.... * ;v. s '.«-■ 'lit--'. :■-::■.: 

each other, in the tenth JEneid. 
— Sorti pater aequus unique." 
it to Turnus, juft before they fight. Ruams 
the word pater is to be referred to Evander 
:>f Pallas. But how could he imagine that 
fame thingto Evander, if his fon were flain, 
rcame ? The poet certainly intended Jupiter, 
n father of mankind ; who, as Pallas hoped, 
i an impartial fpcttator of the combat, and 
c favourable to Turnus, than to him. The 
ot long after it, and both before the duel is 
*hcy are the words of Jupiter, who com- 
iles for the death of Pallas, which was im- 
to enfue, and which Hercules could not 
lough the young hero had addrefled his 
him for his affi fiance) : becaufe the gods 
trol delHny.— — — The verfe follows : 

t j atque oculos Rutulorum rcjicit arvis." 
fame Ruseus thus conftrues : Jupiter, after 

..:. ^„T!ir ■■: ..l^ .-iii-*- dis: "uuirtr iLr-jaj; ronfrlTsrl 
:n«i: :r. .«:-i^ ::."". ...:■-" rarr. ant: L-umr ^nsvtx i» 
.»»LiL :w_. :: -■::.:•-;-.: -j.: v:i j: JiLsrcuiSi. xr uaans a> 
:iu UhL. .s. .. u'-.. .*vcr: .ii trvr-. ranii.T nrrp Take Ttra - 
■Ri :i rat ::-i.:r.::i--. 2>ut *j* t:::> I mn nut To owri- - 

'.- .-."■- :.'..*.-■ "tvj - :: r car ~n fart - of arm— 
.-.rav- " ■-■" - " : ■"■-■•-«- : " "."•- i.unair or' nrr ztu'.^rr- ; 
^w ::'.:•■■••— \ 1 \ !::> l'vt. T-a.: ■±is> £.:* ::::%. 

ttu-.I*.!-": "-- ". ■■■ r V—. "s ii-rh :;. -i. rtsur eiibrr 
r.u ? '-'ir". . . l.:ut-. :k':ti!: y our cpancrrmen 

::i;i* -:.; .u^:. ■■'.■•-■■"<. ii-*- ■■■"jit rans uf Yr-gi! » 
*vce 7*"--- --" - — VitT-i.-.-i::::-.-." \:vjy 1-nraftup, 

wuu£ iv-.'r.-- .* 'J:-..-.--, l.7:.' 2^"yi.:icr jf enrrvsntiT 
g'jod- .iiTi'.'rru:" -.- — iii- u'--ii ! ". tbr iliea^j tif jet 
Lvri K •'^t^K^ai.»•: r --.:..-: \r, :o.- T.-ri: commended. I 
«t r.vr- ■• ;; ■_•: --■• . . :v_ 1:l^_::.. Mi. "iValier, and 
Mr. r 7.-. ■ - y -' i ■:.- -:~ ■• v: rr_\ -TnriticD to be 
••*.•..-"" ,: -. * ■-'-_- i ■ : " r:ir :: be n-rn jeftrier tc»- 
? :, *r.^ tv: : •:. ".'.:■. u£ ti.; .'-li^.::. E-^: :: ib oae 
•:.••>' v. '.t* >. yi •. > '.r: c. frifT-t:-.-.!, a^i tr?.=:"tre it 
^ .'\ ■ . . :.•■':.■• '\t: v "*.- :. r.^Tc the weitht of a 
v. .-.-.•- ?.-•* v: ' '- r -v fw..J "t:r. Thrv wfco bfik-re the 
l*u ;♦:%■. : j-.: t, -tt them ar.t.~p. iht founh. Lxth, or 
♦igii'.ii ]'<■:•«/• «i ; ti*t fi»7i o; fourth Gtc-rpc ; and 
Tai^y.^U i. \ jtAxiitp li-t i^unh, lie T:":h, the fe- 
«ci<c!i, tin 5iin:h, ii*<; tcl:L v the eitvcnih, or the* 
t>.ciiiJj ; i^i i:i tht& I think I L&¥€ lacccedcd beft. 



Long before I undertook thts work, I wat no Gran* 
gtr no the original. J had alfo ftudted Virgil 1 ? defign, 
hi* difpofirion of if, hi* manner?, his judicion* mi< 
nagemem of the figures, the fober retrenchments ot 
his fciife, which always leaves fame what to gratify ouc 
imagination on which jt may enlarge at pleasure] 
but, above all, the elegance of his eaprcftion, and t ho 
harmony of his numbers. For, as J have faid in a 
former difie nation* the word* are in poetry, what the 
colours are in painting. If the defign be good, and the 
draught be true, the colouring is the firft beauty that 
Mite* the eye* Spenfer and Milton are the nearcft in 
E&giim* to Virgil and Horace in the Latin ; and I 
hare endeavoured to form my ftyle in imitating their 
matter?. I will further own to you, my Lord, that tnf 
chief ambition is ro pleaie thofe readers who have dif- 
cyemment enough to prefer Virgil before any other poet 
tn the Latin tongue. Such fpirits as he defired to pleafe, 
fuch would 1 choofb for my judges, and would ft and 
or fall by them alone. Scgrais has diftragui&cd the 
readers of poetry , according- to their capacity of judg- 
ing, into three tlaflfes (he might have faid the fame 
of writers too, if he had pleafed). In the Ioweft form 
he places thofe whom he calls Lcs Pet its Efprits : fuch 
things as axe our upper-gallery audience in a play* 
Kouft : who like nothing but the huflt and rind of wit j 
prefer a quibble, a conceit, an epigram, before folid 
fcitfe, and elegant exprcflion : theft- arc mob- read era e 
if Virgil and Martial flood for parliament -men, we 
tirow aJrtady who would carry it. But though they 

Vol, V. U make 


make the greateft appearance in the field, and cry the 
loudefb, the beft on it is, they are but a fort of French 
Hugonots, or Dutch boors, brought over in herds r 
but not naturalized : who have not land of two pounds 
per annum in Parnaffus, and therefore are not privi- 
leged to poll. Their authors are of the fame level ; 
fit to reprefent them on a mountebank's ftage, or to be 
mailers of the ceremonies in a bear-garden. Yet 
thefe are they who have the moft admirers. But it 
often happens, to their mortification, that as . theis 
readers improve their (lock of fenfe (as they may by 
reading better books, and by converfation with, men 
of judgment), they foon forfake them : and when the 
torrent from the mountains falls no more, the fweiling 
writer is reduced into his mallow bed, like the Man- 
canares at Madrid, with fcarce water to motiten his 
own pebbles. There are a middle fort of readers (aa 
we hold there is a middle ftate of fouls), fuch as have 
a farther infight than the former, yet have not the ca- 
pacity of judging right (for I fpeak not of thofe who 
are bribed by a party, and know better if they were 
not corrupted) 5 but I mean a company of warm 
young men, who are not yet arrived fo far as to difr 
cern the difference betwixt fuftian, or oftentatious fen- 
tences, and the true fublime. Thefe are above liking 
Martial or Owen's epigrams j but they would certainly 
fet Virgil below Statius or Lucan. I need not far 
their poets are of the fame tafte with their admirers. 
They affecl: greatnefs in all they write, but it is a blai- 
dered greatnefs, like that of the vain man whom Sc; 


ttec% deferibes — an ill habit of body, full i uri» 

and fwelled with dropfy. Even thefc hh» ch«tr 

authors, as their judgment ripem. The T^uug gen- 
tlemen themfelvcs arc commonly milled by their peda- 
gogue ar fchool, their tutor at the univerfity, or thcit 
governor in ihcir travels : and many of thofe thrw 
forts are the moll positive blockheads in the world. 
How many of thoft flatulent writers have I known, 
ivho have funic in their reputation, after fcveit or eight 
editions of their works ! for indeed they are poet* only 
for young men. They had great fuccefr nt their firrt 
appearance j but not being of God, as a wit faid for- 
merly, they could not (land. 

I have already named two forts of judges, but Virgil' 
wrote for neither of them - t and, by hi* example, I am 
not ambitious of pleafiug the 1 owe ft or the middle form 
of readers* 

He chofe to plcafe the moft judicious j fouls of thd 
hjgheft rank, and trueft underfunding i theft are few 
in number j but whoever h fa happy an to gain their 
approbation, can never tofe it, beeaufe they never give 
it blindly. Then they have a certain magnctvi'm i» 
their judgment, which attracts others to their fen ft. 
Every day they gain foroe new proftlyte, and in time 
become the church- For this reafon, a well-weighed, 
judicious poem, which at its firft appearance gaim no 
more upon the world than to be juft received, and wi- 
ther nor blamed, than much applauded, infinuafen it- 
felf by infcnfiblc degrees into the liking of the- reader ; 
be nore he flu dies it, the more it grows upon him , 
U z evciy 

-:* t gvw w sviixifaus -ft-- art * gssz-. aaaa 

^qpoear -*at jas rs « ifwrfi 3t sl=* ~me« nt j»- 
mM. U« e.-**. -JTi tar-- tk-'V ■>:-£= _- xjr mfie?- 

*i* **osr c'x'cl^-k. !•-.« f.r -jjl g\f:, ;^t frr the 

3 Ifad 

BtBtCATIOS. *9* 

I hid, long fmcc, considered, that the way topkafe 
the be ft judges, is not to tranilate a poet literally j and 
Virgil leaft of any other ; for his peculiar beauty ly- 
ing in his choice of words, I am excluded from it by 
the narrow compafs of our heroic verfe, unkfs I would 
make ufe of monofyllabies only, and thofe clogged 
with confonants, which, are the dead weight of our 
mother tongue, It h poffiblc, I confers, though it 
rarely happens, that a verfe of monofy liable 3 may 
found harmonioufly i and fome examples of it I have 
feen. My firft line of the ^neis is not haHh : 

Arma, and the man I fmg, who, fore'd by fate, 3et. 

But a much better Inftance may be given from the laft 
line of Manilius, made Englilh by our learned and ju- 
dicious Mr. Creech : 

Nor could the world have borne Co fierce a flame. 

Where the many liquid confonants are placed fo art- 
fully t that they give a pi calm g found to the w T orda> 
though they are all of one fy 11 able* 

It is true, I have been fome times forced upon it m 
other places of this work, but I never did it out of 
choice : I was either in hafte, or Virgil gave me no oc- 
casion for the ornament of words : for it feldom hap- 
pens but a monofyllable line turns verfe to profe, and 
even that profe is rugged and unharmonious. Philar- 
chns, I remember, taxes Balzac for placing twenty 
monofyllables in file, without one difTy liable betwixt 
ttem. The way I have taken is not Co flrait as meta- 
U 3 phrafe, 


%w > i : : c i t i :> it 

jmrafc, nor IL iouL. & pezzpiEBK : Jmrnc :min*t ok 1 
Eton ^^qixgsem jHn jofmooms sb^b auxBC iff 3ev sh^m. 
yst "Ac anoBf Tianp t anac las or j 
sn£dau3i asTniKfl— r 3 

, I sffii Inge, job cbB? 4 

»5» ant frurit jbbd Ion, "ban , 

io amrVj 2* tier b 

fior cussstc, £g" r "V« xr^ oc_j i i 

tier, aj a.±s- f ill or : 

Tbii Iz caitaj aset is cxbci o sH modem 
tongues ; atd tali z!csc cccinics -as a aspcc*- mere 
word* ffcaa the arfimn acedaL Bvt harimg before 
oWerred, that VLrgil eodezrocn to be iter? and ax the 
lane time e!egant, I pnrfce the ezeeSeace, and for- 
feit* the brctkj ; for tteze is he like ambergris, a 



rich perfume, but of fo dofe and glut mi dy * 

that it muft be opened with inferior fecois ^ or 

civet, or the fweetnef* w ill not be drawn o m ano- 
ther language. 

On the whole matter, I thought 6t to ftecr bctwi*t 
the two extremes of paraphrafe and literal translation, 
to keep as near my author as I could, without lofing 
all his graces, the moft eminent of which are in the 
beauty of his words, ff** J * 1 ** >f e words, I mutt add, are 
always figurative* Su< u<ie a» would return their 

elegance in our tongu wive endeavoured to graft 

on It ; but moll of tlitm arc of neecfluy to he lor}, 
beeaufcthey will not dune in any but their own. Vir- 
gil has, fometimes, two of them in a line * but the 
fcantinef? of our heroic verfe is not capable of receiv- 
ing more than one j and that too muft deviate for 
many others which have none. Such h the difference 
of the languages, or fu r want of (kill in chouJmg 

words. Yet I may pt .— «i to fay, sod I hope with 
as much reafon as the rench tranflator, that, taking 
al] the materials of this divine author, I have endea- 
voured to make Virgil fpeak fuch Englifli, as he would 
himfelf have fpoken, if he had been born in England, 
and in this prefent age. I acknowledge with Segrais, 
that I have not fucceeded in this attempt according to 
my defire"; yet I fhall not be wholly without praife, if 
in fome fort I may be allowed to have copied the clcar- 
nefs, the purity, the cafmefs, and the magnificence of 
his ftyle. But I ihall have occafion to fpeak farther on 
this fubjeft, before I end the preface. 

U 4 When 


When I mentioned the Pindaric line, I fhonld ] 
added, that I take another licence in my verfes ; far I 
frequently make nfc of triplet rhymes, and for the 
fame reafon, because they bound the (cafe : and 
therefore I generally join thefc two licences w ga thrr , 
and make the lad verfe of die triplet a Pindaric r for, 
befidet the ma jelly which it gives, it confine* the fenie 
within the barriers of three lines, which would laa- 
tjutih if it were lengthened into four. Spenser is my 
example for both thefc privileges of F.nglrm verfes : 
and Chapman hath followed him in his tranflation of 
Homer. Mr. Cowley has given into them after both, 
and all fucceeding writers after him. I regard them 
now as the Magna Charta of heroic poetry ; and am 
too much an Engtiihman to lofe what ray anccfton 
hare gained for me. Let the French and Italians va- 
lue themiclves on their regularity : ftrcngth and eleva- 
tion are our ftandard. I faid before, and I repeat it, 
that the affe&ed purity of the French has unfinewed 
their heroic verfe. The language of an epic poem is 
aimoft wholly figurative ; yet they are fo fearful of a 
metaphor, that no example of Virgil can encourage 
them to be bold with fafety. Sure they might warm 
thcm&ives by that fprightly blaze, without approach- 
ing it fo clofe as to finge their wings s they may come 
as near it as their mailer t not that I would difcou- 
ragc that purity of di&ion in which he excels all 
other poets. But he knows how far to extend his 
franchises ; and advances to the verge, without ven- 
turing a foot beyond, it. On the other fide* without 



being injurious to the memory of our Eag lir, 

X will prrfunic to fay, that hi* metaphor! nc- 

t lines too violent, and his language i» m «nvaY* 
pure: but, at the fame time, I mult cxcui* him} 
for* through the iniquity of the time*, be was forced 
to travel, at an ape when, in/lead oi" Icarniup: fott^n 
languages, he ihoukl have liudjcd t he beauties of his 
mother tongue * which, like all other fpeechtt* is to 
be cultivated early* or ™ *"" «**•** write it with any 
kind of elegance, TJ * o> abroad, he loft 

at home : like the pah N Lu,uiin« who, going 

to fee a fkirmifli, had ) _i ^ ^ocd otf i and tt turn- 
ed, &ys Sir Philip 6 ', well iiiftmftcd how to 
draw a battle, but \\iu..-jt a hand to perform his 

There is another thi which I have prefumed to 

deviate from him and it. They both make he- 

mifticht (or half verfi .-ft in the middle 

ef a line. I confefa tl .naay fueh in 1 lit 

Fairy Queen i and eve! . night be oc en (lone 4 

by his unhappy choice ot lo long a ftanza. Mr. Cow- 
ley had found out, that no kind of ftaff is proper for 
an heroic poem, as being all too lyrical : yet though 
he wrote in couplets, where rhyme is freer from con- 
graint, he frequently affe&t half verfes j of which we 
find not one in Homer, and I think not in any of the 
Greek poets, or the Latin, excepting only Virgil) 
and there is no queition but he thought he had Virgil's 
authority for that licence. But, I am confident, our 
fQ* fttw meant to leave him, or any other, fuch a 



precedent;* and I ground my opinion on thefe two 
reafons : firft, we find no example of a hemiftich in 
*»y of his Paftorals or Georgics : for he had given 
the Jaft finifhing ftrokes to both thefe poems. Brat his 
.£neis he left Co uncorrect, at leaft fo fhort of that 
perfection at which he aimed, that we know how hard 
a fentence he parted upon it ; and, in die fecond place, 
I reafonably prefume, that he intended to have filled 
up all thofe hemiftichs, becauie, in one of them, we 
find the fenfe imperfect. 

u Quem tibi jam Troja— — » % 

which fome fooliih grammarian has ended for him with 
half a line of nonfenfe ; 

" peperit fumante Creiifa." 

For Afcanius muft have been born fome years before 
the burning of that city, which I need not prove. On 
the other fide, 'we find alfo, that he himfelf filled up 
one line in the fixth iEneid, the enthufiafm feizinghim 
while he was reading to Auguflus : 

" Mifenum ^Eolidem, quo non praeftantior alter 
" JErt ciere viros." 

To which he added in that tranfport, " Martemque 
" accendere cantu :" and never was a line more nobly 
finifhed, for the reafons which I have given in the 
book of Painting. On thefe confiderations I have 
fhunned hemiftichs ; not being willing to imitate Vir- 
gil to a fault} like Alexander's courtiers, who affe&ed 




to "hold their necks awry, bccaufe he could itlp 

it- I am confident your Lordftiip is, by thi , of 

ray opinion j and that you will look on thole iuii lines 
hereafter, as the imperfect produces of a hafty Mufc ; 
like the frogs and ferpenta in the Nik; part of them 
kindled Into life, and part a lump of unformed unani- 
mated mud. 

I am fcnfible that many of my whole vcrfes are at 
imperfect as thofe halv * " time to digeft 

hi in better i but give ri , *xeufe of 

Boceace, who, when h n* » fame of 

his novel* had not the 1 icf* imed this 

anftver : that Charlem; ad ins, 

was never able to raiie s r i eader& 

may be heroes, but the L molt cc ^ _f com-* 

mon mea. 

1 am alfo bound to t wdihip, in my own 

defence, that, from the jf the firft Georgia 

to the end of the laft M *nd the difficulty of 

tranilaiion grooving on *™ JU ^,^y fuceeeding book ; 
for Virgil, above all poets, had a frock, which I may 
call almoft inexhaaftible, of figurative, elegant, and 
founding words. I, who inherit hut a fmall portion 
of his genius, and write in a language fo much infe- 
rior to the Latin, have found it very painful to vary 
phraJe*, when the fame fcnfe return* upon me. Even 
he himielf, whether out of necelTity or choice, has 
often cxprciTcd the fame thing in the lame words j and 
often repeated two or three whole vtrfes, which he had 
tiled before. Words are not fo cafily coined as money; 




and yet we fee that the credit not only of hanks, but 
of exchequers, cracks, when little comes in, and 
much goes out. Virgil called unon me m every brae 
for fome new word 5 and I paid fo long, that I was ; 
moll bankrupt : fo that the latter end mil ft needs 
more burdeafome than the beginning or the n 
and confequtntly the twelfth JEaM coll ttk 
the time of the firft and fecond. What had beco 
of mc, if Virgil had taxed me with another book, ? 
had certainly been reduced to pay the public in 1 
roered money far want of milled j that is, in the fai 
old words which I had ufed before. And the receiv 
mull have been forced to have taken any thing, where 
there was (b little to be had, 

Bcfidcs this difficulty (with which I have ftrugglcd, 
and made a fuift to pafs it over) there is one remain- 
ing, which h infnperable to all translators. We .ire 
bound to our author's fcnfe, though with the latitude! 
already mentioned (for I think it not fo {acred, as 
that one iota muft not be added or di mini (bed, on pain 
of an anathema ), But flarec we arc, and labour on an- 
other man's plantation j we drefs the vineyard, but 
the wine is the owner's 1 if the foil be fome rimes bar- 
ren, then we are lure of being fconrged : if it be fruit- 
ul, and our eare fuccceds, we are not thanked * for 
the proud reader will only fay, the poor drudge hat 
done his duty* But this is nothing- to what follows; 
for, being obliged to make his fcnl'e intelligible, we aie 
forced to untune our own verfes, that we may give hs 
meaning 10 the reader. He who invents, is mail* 


of his thoughts and words : he can turn and 1 iem 

as be pleafes, tilt he renders them harmonic 3ut 

the wretched translator has no fueh privilege i ing 

tied to thoughts, he muft make what mutic he can in 
the e^preffion ; and for this reafon it cannot always be 
fo fweet as that of the original. There i& a beauty of 
found, a* Stgrais lias abicrved, in fomo Latin words, 
which is wholly loft in any modern language. He 
inftancas in that u mollis amaracus,** on which Vcaua 
lay* Cupid in the firft j^Eneid. If I fhoqld translate it 
fweet -mar jot am, as the word fignifies, the reader 
would think I had mifraken Virgil j for thofe village- 
words, as I may call them, give us a mean idea of the 
thing ; but the found of the Latin is fo much more 
pkaftng, by the juft miature of the vowel* with the 
consonants j that it raifes our fancies* to conceive fame- 
what more noble than a common herb 5 and to fpread 
rofes under him, and ftrew lilies over him— a bed not 
unworthy the grandfon of the goddefs* 

If I cannot copy his harmonious numbers* how fhall 
1 imitate his noble flights, where bin thought! and 
word* arc equally fubbme > 

m Quein quhquis ftudet asmularr, 
** ^^— tcram ope Dedal^a 
41 Nititur permit, vitreo daturus 
** Nomina ponto," 

What modern language, or what poet can cxpreft 
the majeftk beauty of this om Tide amongft a thou- , 
Jand others! 

m Aude 

jo* 1> S ]> I C A T I O K/ 

•« Aude hofpes contemnere opes, & te quoque dignum- 
" Finge Deo." 

For my part, I am loft in the admiration of it : I con- 
temn the world when I think on it, and myfelf when 
I tranflate it. 

Lay by Virgil, I befeech your Lordfhip, and all my 
better fort of judges, when you take up my verfion, 
and it will appear a pafTable beauty when the original 
Mufe is abfent: but, like Spenfer's falfe Florimei, 
made^of fnow, it melts and vanifhe* when the true one. 
comes in fight. I will not excufe, but juftify myfelf 
for one pretended crime, with whieh I am liable to be 
charged by falfe critics, not only in thie tranflation, 
but in many of my original poems, that I Latinize too 
much. It is true, that when I find an Englifli word 
fignificant and founding, I neither borrow from the 
Latin, or any other language : but when I want at 
home, I muft feek abroad. 

If founding words are not of our growth and ma- 
nufacture, who mall hinder me to import them from a 
foreign country ? I cany not out the treafure of die 
nation, which is never to return j but what I bring 
from Italy I fpend in England : here it remains, and 
here it circulates j for, if the coin be good> it will*pafs 
from one hand to another. I trade both with the liv- 
ing and the dead, for the enrichment of our native 
language. We have enough in England to fupply our 
necefiity ; but if we will have things of magnificence 
and fplendor, we mull get them by commerce. Poetry 



requires ornament, and that is not to be hi Mir 

old Teuton monosyllables ; therefore if I $ Jc- 

gaur word in a clailic author, I propofe it to be natu- 
ral ted* by tiling it my ft If j a ad, if the pubtk ap- 
prove* of it, the bill paEes. But every man cannot 
tlirringuifh btlWUU pedantry and poetry : every man, 
there! ore i is nut fit to innovate. Upon the whole 
matter, a poet mull firii be certain that the word he 
would introduce h beautiful m the Laan ; and is to 
conftdcr, in the next place, whether it will agree with 
the En glim idiom : after this, he ought to take the 
opinion of judicious trie mi s, luch as arc learned in 
both languages j and 1 tly, lluee no man h infallible^ 
let him ufc this L.ceL*c very iparingly? for if too 
many foreign words are poured in upon us, it look* as 
if they were deftgucd, not to aluil the natives, but to 
conquer them* 

I Am now drawing U ,r d* a condufion, and fufpcA 
your Lord .hip is very ; of it. But permit me firii 
to own what helps I nave had in this undertaking. 
The late earl of Lauderdale fent me over his new 
translation of the JEneis, which he had ended before 
1 engaged in the fame defign ; neither did I then in- 
tend it : but fome propofals being afterwards made me 
by my bookfeller, I defired his Lordfhip's leave, that 
I might accept them, which he freely granted ; and I 
have his letter yet to fhew for that permilfion. He 
refolved to have printed his work, which he might 
have done two years before I could publifh mine ; and. 
had performed it, if death had not prevented him. 



3nt wwac tm inamifmpt in my bands, I cvs&ihod 
x a* iamat v J doubted of my author** icnfe : far so 
amm nmGmAbbA Va^pJ better dun that ] 
aMr fi» fciends, I bear, fan* yst ; 
«■*■& copy «f that tran£atk» by them? ■frii.fc had 
amy pkafed to hare gives the public, me jnflgri mmt 
|m*e bom conriaced that I bare sot *—+—»* horn. 
iofim) thai help* winch was not inrnnfcaViimli, Mr* 
fiiHim hai rtnnr inr rhr frrrmr tn rrrifiwrhr ITojii, 
ami compart my rerfion whii the original. I mail ne- 
ver be ashamed to own that this excellent yoong moat 
lata mewed me many faults, which I hape cnoeaieined 
to corre#. It is true, he might have eatHy found 
anore, asd then my tranflation had been more perfect. 
Two other worthy friends of mine, who defire to 
hare their names concealed, feeing me ftraitened in 
my time, took pity on me, and gave me the life of 
Virgil; the two prefaces to the Paftorali and the 
GeorgKS and all the arguments in profe to the whole 
translation ; which, perhaps, has can fed a report 
that the two fir ft poems are not mine. If it had been 
true that 1 had taken their verfes for my own, I might 
have gloried in their aid ; and, like Terence, have fa- 
thered the opinion that Scipio and Laelius joined with 
ma. But the lame ftyle being continued through the 
whole, and die fame laws of verification obferved, art 
proof » fumcient that this is one man's work : and your 
Lordfliip it too well acquainted with my manner to 
doubt that any part of it k another's. 



That your Lordfhip may &e I was la ( hen 

I proraifed to haiten to an end, X will not § rea- 

sons why 1 writ not always in the proper terra* of na- 
vigation, 1 and- ierv ice, or in the cant of any pro ft f- 
fion. I will only lay, that Virgil has avoided thofe 
proprieties becaufe he writ not to mariners, ib Idlers* 
aftronomers* gardener*, pcafants, &c, but to all in 
general , and in particular to men and ladies of the fclrtl 

than ta be too 

quality, who have be 
nicely knowing in thi 
enough for a poet to 
anderitood by his read 
not aJlecl to be though 
L have omitted the fi 
jEneid, beciufe I thi 
other* in the whole p 
they are not Virgil's. F 
the adjective " vkina 
fubftantive " arva" i 

i, it it 
B may be 
ity, and 

%uClll I 111 C J 1UC 

■^y four 
■T, and consequently believe 
s too great a gap betwixt 
,. J;e Second tine, and the 
ic latter end of the third t 
which keeps his meaning in obfeurity too long; and' 
is contrary to the clearnefs of his ftyle. 

" Ut quamvis avido," 

is too ambitious an ornament' to be his ; and, 

" Gratum opus agricolis," 

are all words unneceflary, and independent of what he 
laid before. 


«« Hor- 

* T I © jf. 

v> -»*fcld h»re gift* w !■ 1 

tfe fmrfate to the »or% of ^Tr^fL Omr 
t i» fa*o4 a charge* 

YfrtiA^ac casoj Tmj* qua pciratu ab 


tam l wort * ithout aa R, tad the *oweb, for 
tl* goater part , fbflonm*. The putfacer beg** with 
** Uk e# o/* wlikh he wai cottftirocd to perch wp in 
H* fownh I me witfe *■ At irtioc/' to roake the feuie 
cobtrt. And if both r!i<»fe words art not notorious 
fetfehet, I am much deceived, though the French 
t/ttnlUtfif thinks otherwiie* For my own part, I am 
mher of the opinion ♦ that they were added by Tucca 
and Varivn, than retrenched. 

1 know it may be anfwerfcd by fuck at tkink Virgil 
the author of the four lines, that he aiTerts his title 
to the iEncis, in the beginning of this work, as he 
did. to the two former, in the laft lines of the fourth 
Georgic. I will not reply otherwife to this, than by 
-defirmg them to comparetheie four lines with the four 
.otnen, which we know are his, becaufe no poet but he 
tlonc could write them. If they* cannot d&inguilh 
creeping from flying, let. them lay down Virgil, and 
tlb up Ovid de .Ponto in his tflead. My maflex 




needed not the aJManec of that prelimi <t to 

prove his claim. His own majeifte mien i s him 

to be the king, amid ft a thou land courtie ^ wa* a 

fu perfluoiiB office, and therefore I would . let thole 

verfes in the front of Virgtl, but have reje J them to 
my own preface : 

** Tj who before, with fhephcrda m the groves, 

" Sung: to my oaten pipe their rural loves, 

** And uTuing thence, compelled the neighbouring 

" field 
** A plenteous cro| g com to yield, 

" Manur'd the glel Ltm i^ock'd thcTruitfu! plain, 
'* (A poem gratcft he greedy iwatn)/* Beci 

If there be not a tolerable line in all thefe fix, the 
prcfacer gave me no i xm to write better. This i* 
a juft apology in tin But I have done great 

wrong to Virgil in the flat ion ; want of time, 

the inferiority of out ,aiik«« 6 ^, the inconvenience of 
rhyme, and all the other excufes I have madej may 
alleviate my fault, but cannot juftify the boldnefs or 
my undertaking. What avails it me to acknowledge 
freely, that I have not been able to do him right in 
, any line ! For even my own confeffion makes againft 
me; and it will always be returned upon me, Why 
then did you attempt it ? to which no other anfwer 
can be made, than that I have done him lefs injury 
than any of his former libellers. 

What they called his picture, had been drawn at 

length £6 many times by the daubers of alxnoft all na- 

X a tions, 


tibns, and dill lb unEH^ hinr, thst 1 firarrned Tip 1 tft<f 
pencil wids, ^y^**** ; beings fatrefied beforehand mat I 
could maka ftaat unaff fefernblance of him* Ar^i I 
miift D4coattatt wrttaworfe Gkeaxefs. A faAP afc * 
rai, a Bun— i iinm, * £ngh* Orpheus, and fiaae 
other features , have been, exactly taken; batArieks** 
lidag^anjfaan write for pleafare, and only aVeved as 
what they could hare done, if day would bare takca 
paiftf, to- perform the whole. 

Be picafed, my Lord, to accept, wrsfc yoor wonted 
goodnelsy das tussr. ostfay present which. I make ypu. 
Ih^pBtafcett off one trouble from yon, of <lf fending 
it, by acknowledging k» Jmper&ftkms : and, though 
Ibme part of them are covered in the rerfe (at Erickho- 
orh rode always m a chariot to hide hie bmenefs), 
Jbdi of them as cannot be concealed yon wiD pleafe to 
cormrrc at, though, in the ftriclnefs of your judg- 
ment, yon cannot pardon. If Homer was allowed to 
nod fometimes, in fo long a work, it will be no won- 
der if I often fall aflccp. You took my Aureng-zeb 
into your prrfe£Hon, with all his faults ; and I hope 
here cannot be fo many, becaufe I translate an author 
who gives mc fuch examples of corre&nefs. What 
my jury may be, 1 know not; but it is good for a cri- 
minal to plead before a favourable judge ; if I had 
faid partial, would your Lordfhip have forgiven me } 
Or will you give me leave to acquaint the world, that 
] have many times been obliged to your bounty fince 
the Revolution ? Though I never was reduced to beg 
a charity, nor ever had the impudence to aflc one, either 



«f your Lordfhjp or your noble kinfina uri of 

Tlorfet, much lefs of any other ; yet, wl ift ck* 

peeled it, you hare both remembered me t 10 in lie* 
re or it fa in your family not to forget an old fci vrnit. 
It looks rather like ingratitude on my part, that where 
I have been fo often obliged, 1 have appeared fo fcU 
dam to return my thanks, and where I was alfo fo 
fure of being well received. Somewhat of hzincft 
was in die cafe, and J it too of modefty, but 

nothing of difrefpeft Ot uumankfulncfs. 1 will not 
fay that your Lordfliip bas encouraged me to this pre- 
emption, left, if mv labours meet with no fuccefs in 
public, I may cxpofi ™ir judgment to be cenfurcd* 
As for my own en ?, I mall nerer rhink them 
worth an anfwtr; ana it your Lordfliip has any* they 
will not dare to arraign you for want of knowledge in 
this art, till they rnn produce fomewhat better of 
their own, than yo 1 r Eflay on Poetry. It was on 
this confideration th:.v I have drawn out my preface to 
fo great a length* Had I not addreffed to n poet and 
a critic of the firft magnitude, I had myfclf been 
taxed for want of judgment, and (hamed my patron 
for want of underftanding. But neither will you, 
my Lord, fo foon be tired as any other, becaufe the 
difcourfe is on your art : neither will the learned reader 
think it tedious, becaufe it is " ad clerum." At leaft, 
when he begins to be weary, the church-doors arc 
open. That I may purfue the allegory with a fliort 
jnrayer, after a long fermon, 

X 3 May 


May you Ir*e bipfity ^ai bug* fee tfat fism of 

tradfty bf mj mam t tkmm of 

aewft bsstbk, mo&ocliged, 
and otot otaGrat ferra^t, 




The Trojans* after a {even years voyage, fct fail for 
Italy 5 bur arc overtaken by the dreadful ftorm, which 
^olu* raifes at Juno's request. The temprft finks 
one, and fcattera the reft. Neptimc driven uff+he 
winds, and calms the fen. -/Eneas, with his own 
ftip, and fix more, arrive? fkfc at an African port. 
Venus complain* to Jupiter of her fon*s misfor- 
tunes, Jupiter comforts her, and fends Mercury to 
procure him a kind reception among the Carthagi- 
nians. jflEneas, going out to difcover the country, 
meets his mother in the fliape of an huntrefs, who 
conveys him in a cloud to Carthage 5 where he fees 
his friends whom he thought loft, and receives a 
kind entertainment from the queen. Dido, by a de- 
vice of Venus, begins to have a paflkmfor him, and, 
after fome difcourfe with him, defires the hiftory of 
his adventures fince the fiege of Troy, which is 
-the fubjelt of the two following books. 



ARMS and the man I fing, who forc'd by fate, 

And haughty Juno's unresting hate ; 
Expell'd and exil'd, left the Trojan fhore ; 
Long labours, both by fea and land, he bore $ 
And in the doubtful war, before he won 5 

The Latian realm, and built the deftin'd town : 
His banifh'd gods reftor'd to rites divine, 
And fettled fure fuccefiion in his line : 
From whence the race of Alban fathers come, 
And the long glories of.majeftic Rome. to 

O, Mufe ! the caufes and the crimes relate, 
What goddefs was provok'd, and whence her hate; 
For what offence the queen of heaven began 
To perfecute fo brave, fo juft a man * 
Involv'd his anxious life in endlefs cares, 1 5 

' Expos 'd to wants, and hurry'd into wars ! 
Can heavenly minds fuch high refentment fhow; 
Or exercife their fpite in human woe ? 

Againft the Tiber's mouth, but far away, 
An ancient town was feated on the fea « ** 

A Tyrian colony ; the people made 
Stout for the war, and ftudious of their trade. 
Carthage the name, belov'd by Juno more 
Than her own Argos, or the Samian fhore. 
Here ftood her chariot, here, if heaven were kind, 25 
The feat of awful empire me defign'd. 
Yet (he had heard an ancient rumour fly 
^Long cited by the people of the iky) g 



M N E I S. Book I. 313 

That times to come mould fee the Trojan race 

Her Carthage ruin, and her towers -deface ; 39 

Nor # thus confraM, the yoke of fovereign fway 

Should on the necks of all the nations lay. 

She ponder'd this, and fear'd it was in fate 5 

Nor could forget the war me wag'd of late, 

For conquering Greece againft the Trojan ftate. 

Befides, long caufes working in her mind, 

And fecret feeds of envy, lay behind. 

Deep graven in her heart, the doom remainM 

Of partial Paris, and her form difdain'd : 

The grace beftow'd on raviftVd Ganymed, 49 

ILle&ra's glories, and her injur'd bed. 

Each was a -caufe alone, and all combined 

To kindle vengeance in her haughty mind. 

For this, far diftant from die Latian co,aft, 

She drove the remnants of the Trojan hoft : 45 

And feven long years th* unhappy wandering train 

Were tofs'd by ftorms, and fcatter'd through the main* 

Such time, fuchtoil, required the Roman name, 

Such length of labour for fo vaft a frame. 

Now fcarce the Trojan fleet with fails* and oars 50 
Had left behind the fair Sicilian fhores ; 
Entering with chearful fhouts the watery reign, 
And ploughing frothy furrows in the main.; 
When, labouring itill with endlefs difcontent, 
The queen of heaven did thus her fury vent. 5$ 

Then am I vanquiih'd, muft I yield, faid flftj : - 
And mull the Trojans reign in Italy ? V 


So fate will have it, and Jove adds his focce* 

Nor can my power divert their happy courfe. 

Could angry Pallas, with revengeful fpleeji, £• 

The Grecian navy burn, and drown the men ? 

She, for tlte fault of one offending foe, 

The bolts of Jove himfelf prefunVd to throw : 

With whirlwinds from beneath fixe tofs'd the fhig, 

And bare exposM the bofom of the deep : .65 

Then, as an eagle gripes the trembling game, 

The wretch yet hitting with her father's flame 

She ftrongly fciz'd, and, with a burning wound. 

Trans fix'd and naked, on a rock /he bound. 

But I, who walk in awful flate above, 7# 

The majefty of heaven, the fifter-wife of Jove, 

For length of years my fruitlefs force employ 

Againft the thin remains of ruinM Troy. 

What nations now to Juno's power will pray, 

Or offerings on my flighted altars lay ? 75 

Thus rag'd the goddefs, and, with fury fraught, 
The reftlefs regions of the ftorms flie fought $ 
Where, in a fpacious cave of living (lone, 
The tyrant iEolus from his airy throne, 
With power imperial curbs the ftruggling winds, 80 
And founding tempefts in dark prifons binds, 
This way, and that, th' impatient captives tend, 
And, prelfing for releafe, the mountains rend : 
High in his hall, th' undaunted monarch Hands, 
And (hakes his fceptre, and their rage commands r 
Which did he not, their unrefifted fway 
Would fweep the world before them in their way : 



Book I. 51$ 

Earth, air, and feas, through empty fpace would roll, 

And heaven would fly before the driving foul ! 

In fear of this, the father of the gods 90 

ConfcVd their fury to thofc dark abodes, 

And lockM them fafe within, opprefs d with moun* 

tain loads : 
Irapot'd a king, with arbitrary fway, 
To looie their fetters, or their force allay. 
To whom the fuppliant queen her prayers addreir, 95 
And thus the tcnour of her fuk cxprefs'd. 

O JEolus I for to thee the king of heaven 
The power of tempefts and of wind* has given s 
Thy force alone their fury can reitraio, 
And fmooth the waves, or fwell the troubled main t 
A race of wandering flaves abhorr'd by me, 
With prosperous paffagetut the Thuican fca 1 
To fruitful Italy their cotirfe they ftecr, 
And for their van quiflVd gods deilgn new temples tliene* 
Raifc all thy winds, with night involve the ikies j 105 
Sink or difperle my fatal enemies. 
Twice feven, the charming daughters of the main, 
Around my perfon wait, and bear my train : 
Succeed my wifh, and fecond my defign, 
The faireft, Deiopeia, (hall be thine ; no 

And make thee father of a happy line. 

To this the god— *Tis yours, O queen ! to will 
The work, which duty binds me to fulfil. 
Thefe airy kingdoms, and this wide command, 
Are all the prefents of your bounteous hand ; 115 
3 Yours 




M N E I Si Book I, jj 

Thus filiile the pious prince his fate bewails, 
Fierce Boreas drove a j£:iin ft his Eying fails, '* 

And re n r the thects i the raging billows rife,. 7 

And mount the tofltng yeflel to the ikies : f 

Nor caji the fliiveniig oars fuilain the blow j 159 

The galley gives her fide, and turns her prow ; 
While thofe aftem dcfcending down the fteep. 
Through gaping waves behold the boiling deep I 
Thiee mips were hurry'd by the Southern bialt, 
And on the fecret Shelves with fury caft ! 155 

Thofe hidden rocks, tk t Aufonian failors knew, • 
They call'd them altars, when they rofe in view, 
And fhow'd their fpacious backs above th« flood J 
Thrte more fierce Euros in his angry mood 
DafiVd on the /hallows of the moving iand, id 

And in mid ocean left them moorM a- land I 
Orontes* bark that bore the Lycian crew, 
(A horrid fight) ev'n m the hero's view. 
From ftem to fttrrij by waves was overborn : 
The trembling pilot, from his rudder torn, x6 $ 

Was headlong hurl'd : thrice round, the fliip was toft', 
Then bulg'd at once, and in the deep- was loft I 
And hert and there above the waves were feen 
Arms, pictures, precious goods, and floating men ! 
'The ftoureft veflel to the ftorm gave way, 1 70 

And fuck'd through loofenM planks the rufhing fea ! 
Ilioneus was her chief: Alethes old, 
Achates faithful, Abas young and b©W; 
EndurM not lefs : their fliips, with gaping feams, 
Admit the deluge of the briny dreams ! 1 75 



Mean time imperial Neptune htard the foiled 
Of raging bil Ws breaking on the ground ; 
DiJfdeaVi, and fearing for his watery reign, 
Hl icar'd his awful head above the main ; 
fierene in majefty, then roll'd hi* eyes 
Around this fpace of earth, and Teas, and fkies. 
He (aw the Trojan fleet diJ}>eiVd + diiirtlVd, 
By ftormy windi and wi tit try heaven opprefs'd, 
Futl weM the god hti After*! envy knew, 
And her tiims and what her art is purine : 
He fummon'd Eurus and the wefrern blafr, 
And firft an angry glance on both he caft : 
Then thus ribuk d ; Audacious winds ! from vrh 
This bold attempt, this rebel inJulcnce ? 
is it for you to ravage fcas and land. 
Unauthorized by my fnprcmc command I 
Toraife fucli mountains on the troubled main J 
Whom I — But firft 'tis fit the billows to rcftrain , 
And then you Jhall be taught obedience to my reign, , 
Hence, to your Lord my royal mandate bear, 
The realms of ocean axui the fields of ut 
Are mine, not his j by fatal lot to me 
The 1 iii aid empire fell t and trident of the fea* 
His power to hollow caverns is eou6n*d, 
-There let him i jailor of the wind : 

Wkhhoarfe commands his breathing fub;e£ts call, 
And boaft and blufter in his empty hall ! 
He fpoke j and while he fpoke, he fmontli'd the fea, 
DiiyelTd the darkaefs, and reltor d the day t 




iE K B I 8. Book r. '319 

CymothoeV Triton, and the fea-green train 205 

Of beauteous nymphs, and daughters of the mam, 

Clear from the rocks the vefTels with their hands j 

The god hlmfelf with ready trident ftands, 

And opes the deep, and ipreads the moving fands 

Then heaves them off the ftioals ; where'er he guides 

His finny tfotnrfers, and in triumph rides, 

The waves tmruffle, and the fea fubfides. 

As when in tumults rife the ignoble crowd, 

Mad are their motions, and their tongues are loud j 

And ftones and brands in rattling vollies fly, aic 

And all the ruftic arms that fury -can fupply ; 

If then fome grave and pious man appear, 

They hufli their noife, and fend a liftening ear.; 

He foothes with fober words their angry mood, 

And quenches their innate defae of blood : 210 

So when the father of the flood appears, 

And o'er the feas his fovereign trident rears, 

Their fury fails : 'he flcims die liquid plains, 

-High on his chariot, and with loofen'd reins 

Majeftic moves along, and awful peace maintains. 

The weary Trojans ply their fliatter'd oars 

To neareft land, and make die Libyan fhores* 

Within a long-recefs there lies a bay, 
An ifland fhades it from the rolling fea, 
And forms a port fecure for fhips to ride, *3© 

Broke by the jutting land on either fidet 
In double ftreams the briny waters glide* 
Betwixt two rows of rocks, a fylvan fcene 
Appears above, and groves for ever green : 


l-a 3 2t 7 a £ -V i 7I1GIL 

A gmr .s roraMacncarh, with, aunfy lean,. 2.35- 

To :*& the- Nereids, anif nBrimferhf hrm . 
Bnwn thmngji rhrrminie* of die living waD* 

Jo hnwtm acrri en hind the vegcU sua** 

Ifar b ra r ff yfl tfiiTh*yrt, faff no mams thee few 240 

Seven mips within, ilia happy hirhnmr meet* 

The rhia remainder* of the. fatter' d ftccc 

The Trojans, worn, with, tads* and fpexxt with, woes, 

Leapon the welcome land, and trek tack winVd tepme- 

Fii-lr, good Achates, wirfL repeated fbokei 245 

Of claming flima, their hidden tare grwrokei; 

Short dame fiwrerrft a; bed c£ wither *d leases 

The dying fparkks la their tall ncestess- 

Caught into life, in nay fumes they tile, 

Jkad, fed witii tongcr food, invade the ides* 250 

The Trojans, dropping wet, or fond around 

The chearful blaze, or lie along the ground j 

^r>me dry their corn infc&ed with the brine, 

Then grind with marblss, and prepare to dine* 

/Eneas climbs the mountain's airy brow,. 255 

And take* a profpecr. of the feas below ; 

If Capy* thence, or Antheus he cculd ipy; 

Or fee the ft reamers of. Cai'cus fly. 

No vefleU there in view : but, on the plain, 

nil ice beamy flag* commands a lordly train 260 

Of brandling heads ; the more ignoble throng 

Attend their ftutcly ftcps, and (lowly graze along. 

lie Hood ( and while fee u re they fed below, 

Mr took the quiver, and the trufty bow 


A >J E I S. Book I. 311 

Achates ufrd to bear; the leaders tirft 265 

He lavd a long j and then the vulgar picrc/ 

Nor ccas'd hi 3 arrows, till the ihady pis in 

Seven mighty bodies with their blood d if la in* 

For the feven fhips he made an equal fliarc, 

And to the port retunfd, triumphant from the war. 

The jars of generous wine (Acefles" gift* 

When his Trinacrian fhores xhv navy left) 

He fei abroach, and foi me fcaft prcparM, 

In equal portions with the ven'fon lhar'd* 

Thus win k- he dca!t it round, the pious chief, 175 

With ch earful words, all ay *d the common grief: 

Endure, and conquer Jove will foon difpofi: 

To future good, our t and pre lent wots. 

With mt, the rock» Oi acylla you have tryM ] 

Th 1 inhuman Cyclops , and his den defy'd. 180 

What greater ill k hereafter can you bear? 

Kcfume your courage and difmifs your care. 

An hour will come, ukh plcafure to relate 

Your forrows paft, 11 benefits t-f fate. 

Through various hazards and events we move 2R5 

To Latium, and the realms foredoomM by Jove. 

CallM to the feat (the promife of the flcics) 

Where Trojan kingdoms once again may rife. 

Endure the hardfhips of your prefent ftate, 

Live, and referve yourfelves for better fate. 290 

Thefe words he fpoke j but fpokc not from his heart : 
His outward fmiles conceal'd his inward fmart. 
The jolly crew, unmindful of the pad, 
The quarry, (hare, their plenteous dinner hafte : 

VOL. V. Y Some 



Some ftrip the nun, feme portion out the fpoil ; 
The limbs, yet trembling, in. the cauldrons boil : 
Some on the fire the reeking entrails broil. 
Stretched on the graffy turf, at cafe they dine ; 
Reftore their irength with meat, and chear their fouls 

with wine. 
Their hanger thus appeas'd, their care attends 300 
The doubtful fortune of their abfent friends ; 
Alternate hopes and fears their minds poflefs, 
Whether to deem them dead, or in diftrefs. 
Above the reft, iEneas mourns the fate 
Of brave Orontes, and th* uncertain ftate 305 

Of Gyas, Lycus, and of Amycus : 
The day, but not their forrows, ended thus. 
When, from aloft, almighty Jove fungeys 
Earth, air, and ihores, and navigable ieas, 
At length on Libyan realms he fixt his eyes : 310 

Whom, pondering thus on human miferies, 
When Venus faw, (he with a lovely look, 
Not free from tears, her heavenly fire befpoke : 
O king of gods and men, whofe awful hand 
Difperfes thunder on the fcas and land j 315 

Difpofes all with abfolute command : 
How could my pious fbn thy power incenfe ? 
Or what, alas ! is vanifh'd Troy's offence ? 
Our hope of Italy not only loft 
On various Teas, by various tempefts toft, 320 

But fhut from every more, and barr'd from every coaft. 
You promis'd once, a progeny divine, 
Of Romans, rifing from the Trojan line, 


JE N E I S. Book U 32$ 

la after -times mould hold the world in aw* 
And to the land and ocean give the law. 315 

How is your doom revere s d, which eas*d m ; «.*„. 
When Troy was ruin'd in that cruel war 1 
Then fates to fates 1 could oppoie j but now, 
When fortune ftill puriues her former blow, 
What can I hope ? What worfe can ftill iucceed ? 330 
What end of labours has your will decreed ? 
Anterior, from the mw in r rt ian hofts, 
Could pafs fc cure, and ..~*~ yriantoaffo : 

Where, rolling down 1 ft mavua raves. 

And through nine chat r.eis uuetnoogues his waves* 

At length he founded 
And gave his Trojans 
There fix'd their arms, 
And there in quiet rult 
But we, dc fee tided frc 
Entitled to your heave 
Are banifh'd earth, an 

i's happy WM r 
41 retreat 1 

here renewed their name, , 
ud crown 'd with fame : 
i acred line, 340 

1 divine, 
"■rath of one, 

Remov'd from Latium, duu Lnepiomis'd throne* 

Are thefe our fceptres ? thefe our due rewards ? 

And is it thus that Jove his plighted faith regards ? 

To whom, the father of immortal race, 

Smiling with that ferene indulgent face, 

With which he drives the clouds and clears the ikies, 

Firft gave a holy kifs j then thus replies : 

Daughter, difmifs thy fears : to thy defire 3 50 

The fates of thine are fiVd, and (land entire. 
Thou (halt behold thy wiuVd Lavinian walls, 
And, ripe for heaven, when fate iEneas calls, 

Y z Then 


Then fhalt thou bear him up, fublirae, to me ; 

No councils have revers'd my finn decree. 355 

And, left new fears difturb thy happy ftate, 

Know, 1 have fearch'd the myftic rolls of fate : 

Thy fon (nor is th' appointed feafon far) 

In Italy fhall wage fucceftful war ; 

Shall tame fierce nations in the bloody field, 360 

And fovereign laws impofe, and cities build. 

Till, after every foe fubdued, the fun 

Thrice through the figns his annual race fhall run t 

This is his time prefix'd. Afcanius then. 

Now calTd lulus, fhall begin his reign. - 365 

He thirty rolling years the crown fhall wear t 

Then from Lavinium fhall the feat transfer : 

And, with hard labour, Alba-longa build ; 

The throne with his fucceffion fhall be fill'd, 

Three hundred circuits more : then fhall be feen, 370 

Ilia the fair, a pricftefs and a queen. 

"Who, full of Mars, in time, with kindly throws 

Shall, at a birth, two goodly boys difclofe. 

The royal babes a tawny wolf fhall drain, 

Then Romulus his grandfire's throne fhall gain, 375 

Of martial towers the founder fhall become, 

The people Romans call, the city Rome. 

To them, no bounds of empire I aflign ; 

Nor term of years to their immortal line. 

Ev'n haughty Juno, who, with endlefs broils, 380 

Earth, feas, and heaven, and Jove himfelf turmoils j 

At length aton'd, her friendly power fhall join, 

To cherifli and advance, the Trojan line. 

4 The 



The fubjcft world fliall Rome's dominion 

And, proftrate, lhall adore tlie nation of t r^n. 

An age is ripening in revolving fare, 

When Troy fhail overturn the Grecian date: 

And fweet revenge her conquering fons fhall call, 

To crufh the people that confpir*d her fall. 

Then Csefar from the Julian frock mall rife, 390 

Whole empire ncean, and whofe fame the flties, 

Alone fhall bound j \v] laftern fpoils, 

Our heaven, the juft n 

Securely Avail repay w 

And incenfe fhal) afcci 

Then dire debate, and 

And the ftern age be fi 

Then banifiYd faith fli 

And veftal fires in hal! 

And Remus with Qui] 

The righteous laws, a 

Janus him&lf before 

And keep the dreadful moes of his gate, 

With bolts and iron bars : within remains 

Imprifon'd fury, bound in brazen chains : 

High on a trophy rais'd, of ufelefs arms, 

He fits, and threats the world with vain alarms. 

He (aid, and fent Cyllenius with command 
To free the ports, and ope the Punic land 
To Trojan gucfts j left, ignorant of fate, 
The queen might force them from her town and flate : 
Down from the fteep of heaven Cyllenius flies, 
And cleaves, with all his wings, the yielding Ikies. 

Y 3 Soon 

(acred fhrine. 395 
up«- ~s ceafe, 

em pies b 
1 all fniUin 400 

d force reftrain. 
„w ^irtll wait, 




ISf.r7 .-..-,■ 


Ho \ Grangers » have you lately feen, fli 
One of my fifters, like myfelf array'd ; 
Who crof^d the lawn, or in the foreft ft 
A painted quiver at her back flic bore, 
Vary'd with Ipots, a lvnx*s hide fl;e wore : 
And at full cry purfued the tuiky boar p 
Thus Venus : Thus her fan reply M again p 
None of your fillers have we heard or ieen, 






Virgin I or what o 
Above that ftyle ; O 
Your voice and mien 
Jfj as you fecm, the 
Or one, at leaft, of < 
Let not an humble, ft 
But tell a ftranger, 1 
What earth we tread 
Then on your name 
And offer J d victims 2 & fall. 

1 dare not, fhe reply' Jxz name 

Of goddefs, or cclcftim uunours claim : 

For Tyrian virgins bows and quivers bear, 

And purple buikins o'er their ancles wear. 

Know, gende youth, in Libyan lands you are : 

A people rude in peace, and rough in war. 

The rifmg city, which from far you fee, 

Is Carthage, and a Tyrian colony. 

Phoenician Dido rules the growing ftate, 

Who fled from Tyre, to fhun her brother's hate : 470 

Great were her wrongs, her ftory full of fate, 

Y 4 Which 

ou bear 
mortal fair \ 
xth betray \ 

E day ; 
a 5 s train, 
ue in vain ; 
Ltfmpcfts tofs'd, 
vho commands the coaft ? 
led mortals call, 




-J J- 

- r • *Li» : _ 

Which . .w.i .uui :uihuii. ^i<AaBus 9 ..aHiwab 
For wealth, md brother ca tbt^Pomcdioaw^ 
Pofleli M fair Dido's bed: inrt.nttwriiBft 
Ac once was wounded wiriiaa. p^ ffwAi ti l m . <ajp5 

Her father garc her,. yctaJfwrlrft .owiitis 
?v.rmaliaa rhen die.Tvriaa;l«|jtmlWB^'lE= 
One who contemn' d dtwaft-amtlitiuiwn> H— t ■ 
Then ftrzfe milled,, art:aurt*4lgbttte<cnitt. 
The monarch,, hitndrri ^itiidtiihtotf ^wamlm, ■*£» 
With fhei invade lii»hmri»Brffe;j&lto-:&Qri&5 
Before rhe iacred altar, nmdfeifatm liihwd. 
And long from her enwraild: An Jgraioltiiaafi s 
Some talc, Lome mew g«ww.g» t ita- <Jhi% venial 
Tafootheliis lifter r aaddtuudfeiu: inind, 4S5 

Ac Length, in iead at nigpr,. oik; -jjhnfc Jmpeus 
Of htf unhappy lard: det Lpeart ihtttss. 
And wish erecxad eye* nu; aicaay jwumr ittact. 
The :rue". :!:.»** i_d /.u ract .1* :tiisv 

And Tile ...*i .'jUVl .C *U» -IOuaC >>CUfr : 433 

Ther. v-r;.. .-.c »:cc*» :.£.<. .v_i* aouihuiu ^us* 
To 'eex '. '».;ui;c .2 :cjI»cec i;»ics» 
La:?, "r, .\:-^£. ..wr .i :■- .cag ± vay. 
He fa«r*% ..«.» ».u;*s: Mi '.:'^ct.\ :rcaiure !ay. 
Adm ,n; :'.-, -; r '.-. ui, 2nd . c ; z M ■ -» . ta mw sti rr » ^hc, 4*3 5 
The queen provides coaip*nicn> 01" her nigiic : 
They mctr, i,;d ail combine :u leave the idte. 
Who hate the tyiant, or who fear his hate. 
They fciie a fleer, which ready riggd they find ; 
Mor i» Pygmalion' » trcafurc left b*hiad. 500 



JE N E I S. Book L 3 ± 9 

The veflels, heavy laden, put to Tea 
With profperous winds, a woman leads th 
1 know not, if by frrefs of weather driven, 
Or was tberr fatal eourfe difpoa'd by heaven ! 
At Iaft they landed, where from far vou jcyes 505 
May view the turrets of new Carthage rife : 
There bought a fpace of ground, which, Ryrfa call'd 
From the bull's hide, they firft incWd, and wall*d. 
But whence are you ? what country claims your birth ? 
What feek you, Grangers, on our Libyan earth ? 510 

To whom, with forrow ftreaming from his eyes, 
And deeply fighing, thus her fbn replies : 
Could you with patience hear, or I relate, 
O nymph 1 the tedious annals of our fate I 
Through fueh a. train of woes if I Ihould run, 51 5 
The day would fooner than the tale be done t 
From ancient Troy, by force eypeird, we came, 
If you by chance have heard the Tro]an name : 
On various feas, by various tempefts tofs'd, 
At lcitgth we landed on your Libyan coaft ; 510 

The good JEnezs am I call'd, a name, 
While fortune favour'd, not unknown to fame : 
My houfhold gods, companions of my woes, 
With pious care I refcued from our foes ; 
To fruitful Italy my eourfe was bent, 525 

And from the king of heaven is my defcent. 
With twice ten fail I crofs'd the Phrygian fea ; 
Fate and my mother goddefs led my way. 
Scarce feven, the thirt remainder of my fleet, 
From ftorms preferv'd, within your harbour meet : 




Myfclf diftrefs'd, an exile, and unknown, 
Debarr T d from Europe, and from Afia thrown, 
In Libyan deferts wander thus alone. 

His tender parent could no longer bear 5 
But j intcrpoiing, fought to foothe his care. 535 

Whoe'er you are, not unbelov'd by heaven* 
Since on our friendly more your (hips are driven, 
Have courage ; to the gods permit the reft , 
And to the queen expofe your juft requeft. 
Now take this earn eft of fuccefs, for more : 540 

Your fcattered fleet is join'd upon the ihore ; 
The winds are changM, your friends from danger free, 
Or I renounce my fkill in augury. 
Twelve fwaas behold, in beauteous order move. 
And Hoop, with clofing pinions, from above : 545 
Whom late the bird of Jove had driven along, 
And, through the clouds, purfued the feathering throng; 
Now all united in a goodly team, 
They fkim the ground, and feek the quiet ftream. 
As they, with joy returning, clap their wings, 550 
And ride the circuits of the ikies in rings : 
Not otherwife your (hips, and every friend, 
.Already hold the port, or with fwift fails defcend. 
No more advice is needful, but purfue 
The path before you, and the town in view. 555 

. Thus having faid, fee turn'd, and made appear 
Her neck refulgent, and dilhevePd hair; 
Which, flowing from her fhoulders, reach'd the ground, 
And widely fpread arabronal fceats around : 


M N E I S. Book I. 


In length of train defcends her fweeping 560 

And, by her graceful walk, the queen of I own. 

The prmce purfued the parting deity, 

With words like thefc : Ah ! whither doft thou fly ? 

Uutind and cruel, to deceive your fon 

In borrow 'd Jhapes* and his embrace to fttun j 565 

Never to blefs my fight, but thus unknown ; 

And ftill to fpeak Jn accents not your own J 

Againft the goddefs thciu complaints he made 5 

But took the path, and her commands obey'd- 

The y march obfeure, for Venus kindly ftirouds, 570 

With milts, their pcrfons, and involves in clouds : 

That, thus unfeen, tl jafTagc none might flay, 

Or force to tell the cai of their way. 

This part performed, inv ^oddeft flies fublime, 

To vifit Faphos, and her native chme : * 575 # 

Where garlands ever '"d ever fair, 

With vows are offtrNi h folemn prayer, 

A hundred altar a in h empie fmoke, 

A thoufand bleeding hearts her power invoke* 

They climb the next afcent, and, looking down, 5 8« 
Now, at a nearer diftance, view the town : 
The prince, with wonder, fees the (lately towers, 
Which late were huts, and fhepherds' homely bowers ; 
The gates and ftreets ; and hears from every part 
The noife and bufy concourfe of the mart. 585 

The toiling Tynans on each other call, 
To ply their labour : fome extend the wall ; 
Some build the citadel ; the brawny throng 
Or dig, or pufli unwieldy ftones along. 


.-^ ■■KY DEN'S VIR.GL".. 

Sgjbk for tiwir dwdliagi duxac a. %«m m craond, 
WfoKb.oiA defend* wtbdhdnibw I 

Some laws oicMav — 'fisni hi Ptifctc 

Of hptj fpMfcM, awt alecl by *oiiau 

H«re iboM dafigp, a sanlr,, w&ilir odbes* Ane 

L*JT dejep. f nwnriarinw fee a^dhaaawa 595 

Fbchbl marJalcLcguanat* mighty roftuans hew, 

F« omamrnr* of femes,, audi Sumac fiev. 

Sudliftthactnil* and fiich tame feafr fasts, 

Aaeaiesbsttbebeesia. damn fibuns; 

WhatwtattrpMV and Sumnw fanoc hcg««, 4o© 

Iofkn tarn fan a» Iaftuwx in *W $m ; 

an& titoa* inotiEk idi&arfe. 

t toaic £»oa*V aeEnc. fo$ 
A0» with vnifetd £ovce» 4»ou)ia^^<ibm 
The laay drones front :ae jworaut* fe; 
With eary ftiing, taey «ew ea»;i* jcta:^* ^wS* 5 
The fragrant work witii iiligeno: :rc:c»~^ 
Thrice happy vo*, %huic -*ads ia«nc* r.i ; €:d 

JEncas laid ; aza -.iew'd, with ^irwi <^^> 
Their lofty to r - crs : thtn inccria^ ir ^ie ^aae. 
Conceal' d in clouds - v pftAiigKhi» » .tiac*** 
He mia/d, uamark'd» among uie bu:y toroc^ 
Batnc by the tide, and paiVd unieto along. *x? 

Foil in the cenire of the town there ftocd, 
Thick fet with trees, a venerable wood : 
TK- * T *— •-■ is landed near this hoiy ground, 

s; here, a proiperous omen found : 


JE N E I S. Book I. , n3 

From under earth a courier's head they t 620 

Their growth and future fortune to forefl 

This fated fign their foundrefs Juno gavt, 

Of a foil fruitful, and a people brave. 

Sidonian Dido here with folemn ft ate 

Did Juno's temple build and confecrate j 625 

Enrich 'd with gifts » and with a golden ftirine j 

But more the goddefs made the place divine. 

On brazen ftcps the marble threshold rofe, 

And brazen plates the cedar beams indofe s 

The rafters are with braze d coverings crown'd, 630 

The lofty doors on brazen hinges found. 

What flrft j^Encas in this place beheld, 

Reviv'd his courage, and his fear expel! 'd* 

For while, expecting there the queen, herais'd 

His wandering eyes, and round the temple gazMj 635 

Admir'd the fortune of the rifmg town, 

The driving artifts and their arts renowD ; 

He faw, in order painted on the wall, 

Whatever did unhappy Troy befall : 

The wars that fame around the world had blown, 640 

All to the life, and every leader know^. 

There Agamemnon, Priam here he fpies, 

And fierce Achilles who both kings defies. 

He ftopp'd, and weeping faid, O friend ! ev'n here 

The monuments of Trojan woes appear ! 645 

Our known difafters fill ev'n foreign lands : 

See there, where old unhappy Priam ftands ! 

Ev'n the mute walls relate the warrior's fame, 

And Trojan griefs the Tynans' pity claim. 




Be fa id : his tears a ready paflage find, 650 ' 

Devouring what lie faw fo well defjgu'd ; 

And with an empty picture fed his mind. 

For there he faw the fainting Grecians yield. 

And here the trembling Trojans quit the field* 

Purfucd by fierce Achilles through tlie plain, 655 

On his high chariot driving o'er the flain* 

The tents of Rhefus next his grief renew, 

By their white fails betrayed to nightly view. 

And wakeful Diomede, whole cruel fword 

The centries Hew, nor fpar'd their (lumbering lord. 

Then took the fiery fteeds, ere yet the food 

Of Tn>y they tafte, or drink the Xaothian flood. 

Elle where he faw where Troilus defy'd 

Achilles, and unequal combat tryM. 

Then, where the boy difamVd* with ioofen'd reinsp 

Was by his liorfcs hurry *d o'er the plains t 

Hong by the neck and hair, and dragged around, 

The hoftile fpear yet flicking in his wound j 

With tracks of blood inferib'd the dufty ground. 

Mean time the Trojan dames, opprefs'd with woe, ' 
To Pallas' fane in long proceflion go, 
In hopes to reconcile their heavenly foe : 
They weep, they beat their breafts, they rend their ' 

And rich embroider'd vefls for prefents bear : 
But the ftern goddefs flands unmov'd with prayer. 
Thrice round the Trojan walls Achilles drew 
The corpfe of He&or, whom in fight he flew. 



Leir 1 
r. J 

M N E I S, Book I. 33S 

Here Priam fues ; and there, for fums o: 

The lifelefs body of his fan is fold. 

So fad an obje£t, and io well exprefs'd, S8o 

Drew fighs and groans from the grieved hero's bicaft : 

To fee the figure of his lifelefs friend, 

And bis old fire, his helplefs hand extend. 

Hinifelf he few anudft the Grecian train, 

Mix'd in the bloody battle on the plaia : $%e 

Aad fwartliy Memnon in his arms he knew, 

His pompous enfigns, aim uja Indian crew. 

Penthcfilea, there, with haughty grace, 

Leads to the wars an Amazonian race ; 

In their Tight hands a pointed dart they wield ; 69 O 

The It it, for ward, fuftains the lunar flikld* 

Athwart her bread a golden belt ihe throws, 

A in id ft the prefs alone provokes a thoufand foes ; 

And dares her maiden arms to manly force oppofe. 

Thus while the Trojan prince employs his eyes, 695 

FiJt'd on the walls with wonder and furprize. 

The beauteous Dido with a numerous train, 

And pomp of guards, afceods the facred fane* 

Such on Eurotas' banks, or Cynthus' height, 

Diana feems ; and fo (he charms the fight, 700 

When in the dance the graceful goddefs leads 

The choir of nymphs, and overtops their heads. 

Known by her quiver and her lofty mien, 

She walks majeftic, and (he looks their queen : 

Latona fees her mine above the reft, 705 

And feeds with fecret joy her filent breaft. 

4 Such 



Such Dido was j with fuch becoming ftate, 

A mid ft the crowds ihe walks ferenely great* 

Their labour to her future fway (he fpeeds, 

And, patting with a gracious glance, proceeds : 710 

Then mounts the throne, high placed before the (hrine ; 

In crowds around the Jwarming people join. 

She takes petitions, and dlfpenfes laws, 

Hears and determines every private caufe. 

Their ta&s, in equal portions, (he diodes, 715 

Andj where unequal f there by lots decides. 

Another way, by chance, iEneas bends 

His eyes, and unexpected fees his friends : 

Anthena, Sergeftus grave, Cleanthus (hong. 

And, at their backs, a mighty Trojan throng; 72© 

Whom late the tempeft on the billows tofs'd, 

And widely (catter'd on another coaft. 

The prince, unfeen, furpnVd with wonder (lands, 

And longs, with joyful hafte, to join their hands ; 

But, doubtful of the wifli'd event, he flays, 7*5 

And, from the hollow cloud, his friends furveys : 

Impatient tillj they told their prefent ftate, 

And where they left their (hips, and what their fate ; 

And why they came, and what was their requeft j 

For thefe were fent, commifiionM by the reft, 730 

To fue for leave to land their fickly men, 

And gain admiffion to the gracious queen. 

Entering^ with cries they fill'd the holy fane ; 

Then thus, with lowly voice, Ilioneus began : 

O queen ! indulg'd by favour of the gods, 73 5 

To found an empire in thefe new abodes j 


m N E I S. Book L 

To build a town, with ftatutes to reft ruin 
The wild inhabitants beneath thy reign : 
We wretched Trojans } tolVd on every more, 
From fea to fca, thy clemency implore ; 
Forbid the fires our {hipping, to deface, 
Receive til 1 unhappy fugitives to grace, 
And fpare the remnant of a pious race. 
We come not with dehgn of waftaful prey, 

To drive the countr y, 
Nor fuch our ftrength, 
The YanquirtVd dare n 
A land there is, Hcfpt 
The fbii is fruitful, an 
Th* Ocnotrian* held ii 
Now call*d Italia, fron 
To that IVcct region v 
■ wind*, and eve 
Difhit h*4 our courfe, : 
Caifr our torn veflch 01 





it away : 
tr deft re, 
ought* afptre* 
: old, 
n arc bold ; 

ommou-fame, 750 
r-i s name* 
/aejc bent, 
1 fight of land, 


The fe& came on j tho iuuu> wiui mighty roar, 

T iJ and dauVd the red upon the rocky more. 
Thofe.few you fee efcap'd the ftorm, and fear, 
Unlefs you interpofe, a fhipwreck here ; 
What men, what monfters, what inhuman race, 750 
What laws, what barbarous cuftoms of the place, 
Shut up a defert fhore to drowning men, 
And drive us to the cruel feas again ! 
If our hard fortune no companion draws, 
Nor hofpttabie rites, nor human laws, 765 

The gods are juft, and will revenge our caufe. 

Vol. V. Z /Even 




JEncas was our prince j a juftcr lord, 
Or noble warrior, never drew a fword ; 
Obfcrvant of the right, religions or his word, 
If yet he lives, and draws this vital air, 770 

Nor we his Irk mis of fafety ft all defpair j 
Nor you j great queen, thelc offices repent. 
Which he will equal, and perhaps augment. 
We want not cities, nor Sicilian coaib, 
Where king Acelles Trojan Uncage boa lis. 773 

Permit our mips a flicker on your ihoie*, 
Refitted from your woods with planks and oars $ 
That, if our prince be fate, we may renew 
Our dclHn'd tourfe* and Jtaly purfuc. 
But if, O hkiil of men f the fates ordain 780 

That thou art fwallow'd in the Libyan main; 
And if our young Iiilus be no more, 
Difmifs our navy from your friendly Oiore j 
That we to good Accftcs may return, 
And with our friends our common lofTcs mourn. 7S5 
Thus fpoke llioneus j the Trojan crew 
With cries and clamours his requeft renew. 
The modeft queen a while, with down-caft eyes, 
Ponder' d the fpeech ; then briefly thus replies : 
Trojans, difmifs your fears : my cruel fate, 790 

And doubts attending an unfettled flate, 
Force me to guard my coaft from foreign foes : 
Who has not heard the ftory of your woes ? 
The name and fortune of your native place, 
The fame and valour of the Phrygian race ? 795 



We Tynans are not Co devoid of feni'e, 

Nor fi> remote from Pbctsbus' influence* 

Whether to Larlan fhores your cnurfc is bem, 

Or, driven by tempt (Is from your firft intent, 

You fcek the good Aceftes 1 government ; goo 

Your men mall be received, your fleet repaired, 

And fail, with fhips of convoy for your guard : 

Or, would you flay, and join your friendly powers 

To ratle and to defend ' 

My wealth j my city, 

And would to heaven t 

On Carthaginian coafi: 

My people fbaJl, by ra 

The ports and creeks * 

And towns 3 and wilds. 

Of fo renown' d and fo 

Rzm'd in his mind the 

And long'd to break f 

Achates found it ; an< 

From whence, O godd 




* **" — *swcrs F 

e yours, 805 
_, jwu felt, would bring 
„ wandering king, 
mmand, explore 
-"ndiug ihore, 

woods, in qucft Sxo 
l gueft* 
lero flood, 
i ambient cloud; 
I his way ; 
. , Jiis long delay ? S15 

What more can you dciire, your welcome furc, 
Your fleet in fafety, and your friends fecure ? 
One only wants : and him we faw in vain 
Oppofe the ftorm, and iwallow'd in the main ! 
Qrontes in his fate our forfeit paid, 
The reft agrees with what your mother faid. 
Scarce had he fpoken, when the cloud gave way, 
The mifb flew upward, and diflblv'd in day. 
The Trojan chief appear'd in open fight, 
Auguftin vifage, and ferenely bright. 




His mother goddefs, with her hands divine, 

Had formM his curling locks , and madchis temples ftiine \ 

And given his rolling eyes a fparkling grace ; 

And breathed a youthful vigour on hia face i 

Like poIifiVd ivory, beauteous to behold, S30 

Or Parian marble, when enchasM in gold, 

Thus radiant from the circling cloud he broke, 

And thus with manly modefty he fpoke : 

He whom you feek am 1 : by tempefts toff, 
And fav'dfrom /hip wreck on your Libyan coaft : 835 
Pre fen ting, gracious queen, before your throne, 
A prince that owes his life to you alone* 
Fair majelty, the refuge and redrefs 
Of thoic whom fate purfues, and wants opprefs. 
You, who your pious offices employ 840 

To favc the relic* of abandoned Troy, 
Receive the fhipwreck'd on your friendly fhore ; 
With hofpitablc rites relieve the poor ; 
Afibciate in your town a wandering train, 
And ftrangers in your palace entertain. 845 

What thanks can wretched fugitives return, 
Who fcatter'd through the world in exile mourn ? 
The gods (if gods' to goodnefs are inclin'd), 
If afts of mercy touch their heavenly mind ; 
And more than all the gods, your generous heart, 850 
■Confcious of worth, requite its own defert ! 
In you this age is happy, and this earth : 
And parents more than "mortal gave you birth. 
While rolling rivers into feas fhall run, 
And round the fpace of heaven the radiant fun ; 855 
1 While 



M N E I S. Book I* 
While trees the mountain- tops with (hade; r, 

Your honour, name, and praifei mall nevti i*^. 
Whate'er abode my fortune has afll^o'd, 
Your image (hall be prefent in my mind. 
Thus having faidj he tum'd with pious haik, S6o 
And joyful his expc&ing friends embrae*d : 
With his right hand llioncus was grac J d, 
Sercftus with his left ; then to hi$ breaft 
Cloanthus and the no refs'd ] 

And fa by turns deice 1 reft. 865 

The Tynan queen J upon his face, 

FleaVd with his motk i\mi d with his grace : 

AdnuVd his fortunes, *mir'd the man ; 

Then recollected fto<^ us began : 

What fate, O god def= k at angry powers 87a 

Have eaft you fltipwrcv r barren mores ? 

Are you the great JE] h n to fame, 

Who from celeftial ft 2age claim ?.* 

The fame iEncas, wl nus bore 

To fam'd Anchifes on th' Idean more ? 875 

It calls into my mind, though then a child, 
When Teucer came from Salamis exil*d ; 
And fought my father's aid, to be reftor'd : 
My father Belus then with fire and fword 
Invaded Cyprus, made the region bare, SSo 

And, conquering, nnilh'd the fuccefsful war. 
From him the Trojan fiege I underftood, * 
The Grecian chiefs, and your illuftrious blood. 
Your foe himfelf the Dardan valour prais'd, 
And his vym anceflry from Trojajis rais'd. 885 

» Z 3 * ., Enter, 


Enter, my noble gueft ; and you fhall find, 

If not a coftty welcome, yet a kind. 

For I myfelf, like you, have been diftrcfsM; 

Till fecareg afforded me this place of reft. 

Like you, an alien in a land unknown, 89a 

1 learn to pity woes, fo like my own. 

She faid, and to the palace led her gucft, 

Thcnoifcr-d incenle, and proelaim'd a feaft* 

Nor yet iefs careful for her abfent friends, 

Twite ten fat uxen to the mips flic fends : 895 

Beiides a hundred boars, a hundred lambs , 

With bleating cries, attend their milky dams, 

And jara of generous wine, and fpacious bowls, 

She gives to chear the failors diooping fouls. 

Now purple hangings cloath the palace walls* 9 00 

And i'umptuous fealta are made in fplcndid halls : 

On Tyrian carpets, richly wrought, they dine ; 

With loads of maify plate the fide -boards ftiinc. 

And antic vales all of gold embofs J d 

{The gold itfelf inferior to the coft) ; 90$ 

Of curious work, where on the fides were feen 

The fights and figures of illuftrious men ; 

Fr«m their firft founder to the prefent queen. 

The good ^Eneas, whofe paternal care 
Iwlus' abfence could no longer bear, 910 

Difpatch'd Achates to the fliips in hafte, 
To give a" glad relation of the paft.; 
And, fraught with precious gifts, to bring the boy 
Snatch'd from the ruins of unhappy Troy : 

A robe 


M N E I S. Book I, 

A robe of riflue, ftiiF with golden wire ; 
An upper veft, once Helenas rich attire i 
From Argoa by the fanVd adultrefs brought r 
With golden flowers and winding foliage wrought j 
Her mother Leda's prefeiir, when flic came 
To rain Troy, and fet the world on flame. 
The fceptrc Priam's ddeft daughter bore, 
Her orient neck! ace , nnd th* crown flhe wore ; 

9 r 3 


Of double texture, g 
One order fet with ge - 
Inft ru£ted thus, the 
And in his diligence I 
But Venn b, anxiou 
New counfe! s tries j 
That Cupid fhould a 
Of fwett Afeaninsj a 
Should bring Her prei 
And In Eliza's veins I 
For ranch (he fear'd t 

c wirh gold. 

sgoesi 925 

v's affairs* 
rcligns prepares ; 
. Jliapc and face 
i rightly grace ; 930 

her nephew's fteadj 
ijfou med. 

And knew the town to jutjo t s care belonged « 
Thefe thoughts by night her golden (lumbers broke ; 
And thus alarmM to winged love (he fpoke': 
'My fon, my ftrength, whofe mighty power alone 
Controls the thunderer, on his awful throne ; 
To thee thy much-afflicted mother flies, 
And on thy fuccour, and thy faith relies. 940 

Thouknow'ft, my fon, how Jove's revengeful wile, 
By force and fraud, attempts thy brother's life. 

.* Z 4 And. 


And often haft thou mourned with me his pain 9 \ ~J 
Him Dido now with blandifhmcnt detains ; t 

But I fuipeQ the town where Juno reigns* 94,5 j 

For this j J tls needful to prevent her art, 
And nrc with love the proud Phoenician's heart. 
A lore fo violent, fo ftrong, Co lure, 
As neither age can change, nor art can cure. 
How this may be performed, now take my mind ; 
Afeanius, hy his father* is deuguM 
To come, with prefents, laden from the port, 
To gratify the queen, and gain the court. 
I mean to plunge the boy in pleafing flccp, 
And. raviflfd, in Idalian bowers to keep? 9(5 

Or high Cythera. : that the fweet deceit 
May pafs unfecn* and none present the cheat, 
Take thou his form and fhaue. 1 beg the grace 
Eut only for a night's revolving fpact j 
Thyfcjf a hoy, affume a boy's diiTembied face* 
Til at when, amitLl the feivourof the ft air, 
The Tyrian hugs, and fonds thee on her breaft, 
And with fweet kines in her arms conftrains, 
Thou may'ft infufe thy venom in her veins. 
The god of love obeys, and fets afide 965 

His bow and quiver, and his plumy pride ; 
He walks lulus in his mother's fight 5 
And in the fweet referablance takes delight. 
The goddefs then to young Afeanius flies, 
And, in a pleafing (lumber, feals his eyes ; 970 

Lull'din her lap, amidft a train of loves, , 
She gently bears him to her blifsful groves : 

v . Then 

' } 

M N E I S. Book I. 
Then wirh a wreath of myrtle crown i his 
And loftly la^s turn on a flowery bed, 
C tipid , mean time, aiTum/d hi* form md face, 
Following Achates with a fhorter pace. 
And brought the gifts* The queen already Cite, 
Amidfl the Trojan lord*, in (Lining ftate, 
High on a golden bed : her princely trudt 
Was next her lide, in order fate die reft. 

Then ca-nifters with bi 
Th* attendants water i 
And, having wafh'd, 
Next, fifty handmaids 
The cenfers, and with 
Then youths, and vir 
To place the dilhes, a 
The Tyrian train, ad~- 
Approach, and on the 
All on the Trojan gifi 
But view the bcauteoL- 

■ap'tf on high j 
is fupply ■ 
owe Is dry. 
«„ & .^^er bore 
ies the gpds adore. 
qc a* many, join 
/e the wine, 
the fcaft, 
touches reft, 
nder gaze ; 
h more amaze ! 







His rofy-cotoui 'd cheeks, hi a radiant eyes, 

His motions, voice, and fhape, and all the gods difguife. 

Nor pafs unprais'd the veft and veil divine, 

Which wandering foliage and rich flowers entwine. 

But, far above the reft, the royal dame, 

(Already doom'd to love's difaftrous flame) 

With eyes infatiate, and tumultuous joy, 

Beholds the prefents, and admires the boy. 

The guileful god, about the hero long, 1000 

With chiyrens' play, and falfe embraces, hung 5 


ire. J 


Then fought the queen : me took him to her arm* 

With greedy pleafure, and devour'd his charms. 

Unhappy Dido little thought what gueft, 

How dire a god (he drew To near her bread. 1005 

But he, not mindlcfs of his mother's prayer, 

Works in the pliant bofom of the fair j 

And moulds her heart anew, and blots her former care. 

*thc dead is to the living love refignM, 

And all JEneau enters in her mind. • 1010 

Now, when the rage of hunger was appeas'd, 
iThe medt removM, and every gueft was pleas'd, 
"The golden bowls with fparkling wine are crown'd, * 
And through the palace chearful cries refound. 
From gilded r jofs depending lamps difplay 1015 

Nofturnal beams, that emulate the day. 
A golden bowl, that fhone with gems divine, 
The queen commanded to be crown'd with wine, 
*The bowl that Belus us'd, and all the Tyrian line. 
Then, filence through the hall proclaim'd, flie fpoke : 
O hofpitable Jove ! we thus invoke, 
With folcmn rites', thy facred name and power \ 
Blefs to both nations this aufpicious hour ! 
So may the Trojan and the Tyrian line, 
In lading concord, from this day combine. 1025 

Thou, liacchus, god of joys and friendly cheer, 
And gracious Juno, both be prefent here : 
And you, my lords of Tyre, your vows addrefs 
*To heaven with mine, to ratify the peace. 
The goblet then flic took, with ne&ar crown'd 1030 
{Sprinkling the firft libations on the ground), 


e ' I 

wine, s 
line. J 

M N £ I S. Book I. 347 

And rais'd it to her mouth with fober grace, 
Then, fipping, offerM to the next in place. 
, Twas Bitias, whom me call'd, a thirfty foul, 
He took the challenge, and embrac'd the bowl : 10^5 
With plcafure fwill'd the gold, nor ceas'd to draw, 
Tift he the bottom of the brimmer favv. 
The goblet goes around : Iopas brought 
His golden lyre, and fung what ancient Atlas taught. 
The Various labours of the wandering moon, 1040 
And whence proceed th' eclipfes of the fun. 
Th' original of men and beafts j and whence 
The rains arife, and fires their warmth difpenfe ; 
And fix'd and erring ftars difpofe their influence. 
\yhat makes the folid earth, what caufe delays 1045 
The fummer nights, and mortens winter days. 
With peals of fhouts the Tyrians praife the fong ; 
Thofe peals are echo'd by the Trojan throng, 
Th* unhappy queen with talk prolong'd the night, 
And drank large draughts of love with vaft delight, 
Of Priam much enquired, of He&or more ; 
Then afk'd what arms the fwarthy Memnon wore ; 
What troops he landed on the Trojan fliore. 
The Heeds of Diomede vary'd the difcourfe, 
And fierce Achilles, with his matchlefs force. 1055 
At length, as fate and her ill ftars rcquir'd, 
To hear the feries of the war defir'd : 
Relate at large, my god-like gueft, fhe faid, 
The Grecian ftratagems, the town betray'dj 
The fatal iffue of fo long a war, 1060 

Your flight, your wanderings, and your woes, declare. 



For, fincc.oa every fea f on every coafr, 

Tfour men have been diftrefs'd, your navy tofs'd. 

Seven time a the fun has either tropic viewed t 

The winter bamia'd, and the ipebg renewed, 10*5 







JEntas relates how the 
a ten years fiegc, by t 
ftratagem of a woodcj 
Tcfdution he had take 
his country » and the 
in the defence of it : 
vifcd by Hectors gho 

h Troy was taken, after 

iHiciy of Sinon, and the 

He declarer the fixed 

i» fiirvive the ruins of 

*nmres he met with 

ieen before ad- " 

y the appearance 

of his ro or her Venus, he is prevailed upon to leave 
the town, and fettle his houfliold gods in another 
country. In order to this, he carries off his father 
on his fhoulders, and leads his little (on by the hand, 
his wife following him behind. When he comes to 
the place appointed for the general rendezvous, he 
finds a great confluence of people, but mifles his 
wife, whofe ghoft afterwards appears to him, and 
tells him the land which was defigned for him. 


MiMm&dinw jiitl miMliii \\\kn . 

«^»» »■» <■< - MM 


'E$fi*<!ifceek» grew treaty of die. tedious. 

jBiui, top Miaerwt^.i«t t 2. fabric: resold*, 

W%*eh, Jifae aifeed ^f momhxms iuagnt^ sgueani: :: ta 

The (We* '^ere plank' d with; gine* rimy iigjr(£ in asaae 

Jo* their cferonty ami thi* che ww t&ey gaufL 

?hti* they poteittl; ftuc in xke. haiku* fiirf* 

fele&al rtumhew of their fcUxexs. ftrfc = 

WtfW iflw»r4 arm* fibe <fire nrarftinr t&cf Hood, 25 

^»<f ta»ft howef* iaC die dark abode 

ttt Agfa «f T»y fe» Tewed**, as i&e- 

( WM* farm* did or Pram's anpee finik) 

j Renofwn'd 

35 * 

M N E I S. Boo* K. 

Renown'd for wealth; but fiucc a faith kfs 

Where Ihips expos d to winds and weather 30 

There was t bur fleet conceaTd ; we diought i UJl Greece * 

The fails were hoiikd, and our fears rckaie* 

The Trojans, coop'd withio dieir walls Co long, 

Unbar 1 heir gates, and iJTue in a tluong, 

Like fwanning bees, and, with delicht, furvcy 

The camp ddLrttd where die Grecians lay : 

- x i they ihow'd, 

Je abode, 

navy ividc. 

eyes employ 

-*n Troy). 

Aether hk'd, 


>e broken down, 
e town, 

' mind, 

.-to M^JJgtlM J 


The quarters of the fe^ 

Here Pttcefiix, here At, 

Here jo in '4 the battles, »«_ 

Part 00 the pile their wond 

(The pile by Pallas rais'd ,., 

Thy routes full ('tis de 

Or fo the Trojan deftio 

MoVd that tbc ram par « . 

To lodge the mo lifter fa 

But Capys, and the reft 

The fatal pxclent to the 1, 

Or to the watery deep t at leail to bore 

The hollow fides, and hidden frauds explore 

The giddy vulgar, as their fancies guide, 

With noife fay nothing, and in parts divide. 

Laocoon, follow' a numerous crowd, 

Ran from the fort ; and ery'd, from far, aloud 5 

O wretched countrymen ! what fury reigns ? 

What more than madnefs has pofTefs'd your brains ? 

Think you the Grecians from your coafts are gone, 
And are UlyfTes' arts no better known ? 







This hollow fabric either muft inclofc, 

Within its blind recefe, our fccrct foes j 

Or 'tis an engine rais'd above the town, §Q 

T' overlook the walls, and then to batter down 

Somewhat is furc defign'd \ by fraud or force j 

Truft not their prefetits, nor admit the horfe. 

Thus having faidi againft the fteed he threw 

His forceful fpear, which, hi fling as it flew, 65 

Fie re 'd through the yield mg planks of jointed wood, 

And trembling in the hallow belly flood. 

The fides tranfpicre'd return a rattling found, 

And groans of Greeks in closed come ifluing through 

the wound. 
And had not heaven the fall of Troy defign'd, 70 
Or had not men been fated to be blind, 
Enough was laid and done, t" infpire a better mind : 
Then had our lances picre'd the treacherous wood. 
And II li an towers and Prism's empire flood, 
Mean time, with fhouts, the Trojan fhepherds bring 
A captive Greek in bands, before the king : 
Taken, to take,- who made himfelf their prey, 
T* impofe on their belief, and Troy betray. 
Fix'd on *his aim, and obftinately bent 
To die undaunted, or to circumvent. So 

About the captive, tides of Trojans flow ; 
All prefs to fee, and fome infult the foe. 
Now hear how well the Greeks their wiles difguis'd, 
Behold a nation in a man comprised. 
Trembling the raifcreant flood, unarm'ct and bound 5 
He ftar'd, and roll'd his hagard eyes around j 




M N E I S. Book II, j$$ 

Then laid, Alas ! what earth remains, what fca 

Is open to receive unhappy mc f 

What fate a wretched fugitive attends, 

Scorn 'd by my foe?, abandon'd by my friend* I 9% 

He {aid, and iigh'd, and call a rueful eye : 

Our pity kindJes, and our paffions die* 

We chear the youth to make his own defence, 

And freely tell us wh^t he was, and whence ; 

What news he couid impart, we longto know, 95 

And what to credit from a captive foe. 

His fear at length difmilVd, he faid, whatever 
My Fate ordains, mv words fhall be fin cere r 
I neither can, nor dare, my birth difdaim j 
Greece is my country, Sinon is my name : 100 

Though plunged by fortune's power in mifcry, 
'Tis not m fortune's power to make me lye. 
If any chance ha* hither brought the name 
Of Faiampdes, not unknown to fame, 
Who ftiffer'd from the malice of the times t 105. 

Accua'd and fentene'd for pretended crimes r 
Becaufe lite fatal wars he would prevent j 
Whofe death the wretched Greeks too late lament 1 
Me, then a boy, my father, poor and bare 
Of other means, committed to his care : j 10 | 

His kinfman and companion in the war. 
While fortune favour n d, while his amis fnpport 
The caufe, and rul'd the counfeU of the court, 
I made fome figure ihere ; nor was my name 
Qbfcure, nor X without my mare of fame. 115 

Vol. Y- A a But 



"d tW meiJucr* tec, tad fee 

I & pCVod. BJ» 

Awl fec|£** W treafcn, bit debated fccsd = 
New crimes tirvetiEed, left luttuuTd no done, 
To make my gnsk appear, and hide his own. 
Till Calchas was by force and threatening wrought ? 
But why — why dwell I on that anxious thoaght > 
If on my nation tuft revenge yon leek, 
And 'tis t* appear a foe, t* appear a Greek ; 
Already you my name and country know, 
Alfcage your thirft of blood, and ftrike the blow : 14* 
My death will both the kingly brothers pleaie, 
And fct infatiare Ithacus at eaie* 
This fair unftni/b'd tak, thefe broken fTarts, 
Rai»'d expectations in our longing hearts j 
Voknowing as we were in Grecian arts- t+9 ] 




cut if. %n 

His former trembling once ogmi» fe^ew**!,) 
With afled fetfV '' w villain tb»t jprtsrfaci ; 

Long had the G-rcviaiK (tir'd with fniitlcfs rare, 
And weary'd with an uniltceefsful war) 
RdoIv*d to rslfe the uep?, and leave the town j i ;o 
And, had the gods permitted* they had gone. 
But oft the wintcTv teas and fcuthern winds 
W irhft ood t he if pailage " 1 r G j n g \1 1 he ir m i n ds , 

Portmts and prodigies ™>im amae*d j 

But moll , when this fi «•* pile was ral**d t 1 5 j 

Then flaming meteors, a air, were feen, 

And thunder* rattled 1 <"i i flty ferene s 
Dtftnay'dj «*d fearful ne viire c. ■ 

Eurypyhi*, f eaqmrc ate, was fcut ; 

H e from the god a this dre^o 11 * 1 *n fa er hi ought r t ff 
O Grecians f when the *** Wes ye& fought, 

y our paflagc with a vi *H win bongh't ! 

So rauft your fafe retui »t vg*m t 

And Grecian blood on< note atone the mam ! 
The fprcadin;r rumour round the (>ftOJ)le ran; 165 

All fcar'd, Aud each hclicrM himfrlf the man* 
Ulyflcs took th* advantage of their fright ; 
Cail'd Cakhas, and produe'd in open fight : 
Then bade him name the wrtreh, oidain'd by fate 
The public viclim, to redeem the ftatc. i ;o 

Already fomc preiagM the dire event, 
And iaw what fa^ritiec Ulyflt* meant. 
Fur twice ftvedav- the good old feer w ithlrnnd 
The Luiendcd trealbiij and was dumb to blood* 

Al; Till, 


But when Ulyfles, with fallacious arts, 

Had made imprcirTon in the peoples' hearts ; 

And forg'd a treafon in my patron's name 

(I fpeak of things too far divulg'd by fame)* 

My kinfman fell ; then I, without fupport, iae> 

In private mourn'd his lofs, and left the court. 

Mad as I was, I could not bear his fate 

With filent grief, but loudly blam'd the ftatc : 

And cuesM the direful author of my woes. 

'Twas told again, and hence my ruin rofe. 12$ 

I threaten'd, if indulgent heaven once more 

\Vould land me fafely on my native fhore, 

His death with double; vengeance* to reftore. 

This mov'd the murderer's hate, and foon enfued 

Th' effects of malice from a man- fo proud. 13* 

Ambiguous rumours through the camp he fpread, 

And ibughtj by treafon, my devoted, head : 

Isevv crimes invented, left untunTd no flone, 

To make my guilt appear, and hide his own. 

Till Calchas was by force and threatening wrought * 

But why — why dwell I on that anxious thought > 

If on my nation jult revenge you feek, 

And 'tis t' appear a foe, f appear a Greek ; 

Already you my name and country know, 

Aflfuage your thirft of blood, and ftrike the blow: 14* 

My death will both the kingly brothers pleafe, 

And fet infatiate Ithacus at eafe. 

This fair unfinim'd talc, thefe broken forts, 

Rais'd expectations in our longing hearts j 

Unknowing as we were ia Grecian arts- *4$ 





ANSIS, Book It 
fe la mps of heaven ! he find, and-Iiftcf 205 

His hands now free, thou venvraMe flty 
Inviolable powers, attoi^d with dread, 
Yc fatal rillcts, that one*? bound this head, 
Yc faercd altars, from whole flame* I fled, 
Be alt of you nbjurM ; and gtttt 1 m.iy, aio 

"Without a crime, th* ungrateful Greek* betray ! 
Reveal the factvti uf iH* guiliy ftafc-p 
And juftly puuifh whw iftly hate I 

Bat you, O king T pr~ , ~" f e the faith you gave, 
If I, tcv fave niyfelf, • empire fave. 21$ 

; The Grecian hopes, a all ih' artempts they 1 lade, 
Were -only founded < " Miaerva*a aid. 
But from the time w! '"lpiou* Diomeue> 
And falle Ulyfles* tl entivc head, 

Her fatal image from >•*"»! e drew, zi9 

The ileepiug guardian* caftJe llcw, 

Her virgin ftatue witl •*■ jody hands 
Pol luted , an tX prof a n r > ly band » : 

From f hence the tide 01 fortune !«fr their (hore, 
And ebb'd much fafter than it flow'd before : 225 

Their courage languiftTd, as their hopes decay 'd, 
And Pallas, now averfe, refus'd her aid. 
Nor did the goddefs doubtfully declare 
Her alter'd mind, and alienated care :- 
When firft her fatal image touched the ground, 2 3 • 
She fternly caft her glaring eyes around ; 
That fparkled as they roird, and feem'd to threat : 
Her heavenly limbs diftill'd a briny fweat. 

A a 1 Thrice 



Thncc from the ground flic leap'd, was feen to wielfl 

Her brandifh'd lance, and fbake her horrid ihield ! aj$ 

Then Calchas bade our hoft for flight prepare, 

And hope no conqueft from the tedious war : 

Till firft they fail'd for Greece 5 with prayers befought 

Her injur'd power, and better omens brought* 

And now their navy ploughs the watery main, 240 

Yet, foon expeft it on your mores again. 

With Pallas plcas'd 5 as Calchas did ordain. 

But firft, to reconcile the blue-ey'd maid. 

For her ftolen ftatue, and her tower betray'd ; 

Warn'd by the ftcr, to her offended name 24$ 

We rais'd, and dedicate this wondrous frame: 

So lofty, left through your forbidden gates 

It pafs, and intercept our better fates. 

For, once admitted there, our hopes are loft j 

And Trov may then a new Palladium boaft. 250 

For fo religion and the gods oidain ; 

That if you violate with hands profane 

Minerva's gift, your town in flames fhall burn, 

(Which omen, O ye gods, on Graicia turn) ! 

But if it climb, with your aflifting hands, 25$ 

The Trojan walls, and in the city ftands, 

Then Troy (hall Argos and Mycenae burn, 

And the revcrfe of fate on us return. 

With fuch deceits he gain'd their eafy hearts, 
Too prone to credit his perfidious arts, 260 

What Diomedc, nor Thetis' greater fon, 
A thoufand (hips, nor ten years fiege had done : 
Falfe tears and fawning words the city won. 

A greater 

J K E I S. Book II 3^ 

A greater omen, and of vvorfe poitcni, 
Did our umiary naiads with fear tornwnt a6s 

Concurring to pruduce ihc dire event* 
IriiocottUi Neptune* 1 pi" it- ft by lot that year. 
With foktiui pomp then Verified 1 lltci t 
When, dreadful to behold, iroux fca we %M 
Two ftrpeuts raukM abrvaft, the it; a* divide, »;e 
And I'mocthly Jwttp along the fuelling tidtu 
Their flaming crvfls above the waves they Alow, 
Their bellies fee in to burn the leas bdow * 
Their IpcckJcd tails advance to fleer their tourfc, 
And# 011 the founding I tr, the flying billow 1 * fcrct* 
Aod now ihc llrand, ; 10 w the plain they held, 
Their 3rd tin eyes wid bloody ftmkl were nll'd 1 
Their nimble tongues tbe# brand if li\i as they cimc, 
And lick d their billing jaws, that fputm'd flame* 
We Bed ama^'d ; their tlcjlin'd way they take, iSo 
And to Laocoon and his child 1 en make : 
And fir it around the tender boys they wind, 
Then with their fliarpcn'd-fang* their limbs and bodies 

grind. , 

The wretched father, running to their aid 
With pious hafte, but vain, they next iiwade : 285 
Twice round his waift their winding volumes roll'd, 
And twice about his gafping throat they fold. 
The prieft, thus doubly chok'd, their crefts divide, 
And, towering o'er his head, in triumph ride. 
With both his hands he labours at the knots, 290 

fclis holy fcllctt the blue venom blots « 

A a 4 «>• 


His roaring fills the flitting air around. 
Thus, when an ox receives a glancing wound* 
He breaks his bands, the fatal altar flies, 
And, with loud bellowings, breaks the yielding fkiet* 
Their talks perform'cr, the ferpents quit their prey* 
'And to the tower of Pallas make their way r 
Couth'd at her feet, they lie prote&ed there, 

By her large buckler, and protended fpfeafc. " 

Amazement feizes all ; the general cry- jg* 

Proclaims Laocoon juftly dobm'd to die, 

"Whofc hand the will of Pallas had wrthftooaV 

And darM to violate- the* facred wood. 

All vote fadmit the fteed, that vows be paid, 

And ineenfe offer'd> ta th' offended maid. 30$. 

A fpacious breach b made, the town lies bare,- 

Somehoifttng levers, fome the wheels- prepare, 

And feften to the horfes- feet : the reft 

With cables hawl along th> unwieldy bead*. 

Each on his fellow for afSftance calls r 31* 

At length the fatal fabric mounts the walls, 

Big with dcPruction^ -JBoys with chaplets crown'd r 

And choirs of virgins, fing and dance around. 

Thus rais'd aloft, and then defcending down, 

It enters o'er our heads, and threats the town. 3 1- £ 

O facred city ! built by hands divine !. 

O valiant heroes of the Trojan line !' 

Four times he ftuck ; as oft the clashing f >und 

Of arms was heard, and inward groans rebound. 

Yet, mad with zeal, and blinded with our fate, 31a 

We hawl along the hade in (blema Hate 1 

1 The* 

MWEIS. Book II, 3 6rf 

Then place the dire portent within the to 
Caffandra cry'd, and curs'd the unhappy 
Foretold our fate { but, by the godi decree,. 
Ail heard, and none beiieVd, the prophecy ^ 32^ 

With branches we the fanes adorn » and waiie 
In jollity the day ordaiu'd to be the laft. 
A lean time the rapid heavens roJTd down the light, 
And on the fhaded ocean niriYd the night % 
lQuy men j tec are, nor guards nor een tries held, 33© 
Bur eafy ileep their weary limbs compel I'd. 
The Grecians had em hark M their naval powers 
From Tenedos, and fought our well-known ihores ; 
Safe under covert of the i'llenc ni^ln, 
And goided by th' imperial galley's light* jje 

Whey* Smon, favoured by the pifinjl yods, 
Unlockd the horle, and opM lib daik abodes ; 
RdTor'd to vital air our bidden foes, 
Who joyful from their long confinement rofe* 
Tvf&ndcr bold, and a thenelus their guide, 34^ 

And dire UJyllta, down the cable Hide : 
Then-: Thoas-, Athamas, and Pyrrhus hafle; 
Nor was the Podalyrian hero laft t 
Norinjur'd Menelaiis, nor the fanVd 
Epeus, who the fatal engine fram'd. 34$ 

A namelefs crowd fucceed ; their forces jom 
T* invade the town, oppreiVd with ileep and wine. 
Thofe few they find awake, firft meet their fate, 
Then to their fellows they unbar the gate. 
Twas in the dead of night, when Ileep repairs 350 
Our bodies worn with toils, our minds with cares, 



"* gfco# betot* toy 6gbt appear* ? 
I he 4etfiV4, end basVd in tear*. 
wnen T by Pelade* uaui, 
tdrag£~d fcifcai o : er the plain. 155 
Swols atic fait feet, as when the iaan^i were thruft 
Through the fcwr , dhoIe*, hit body black widi daft. 
Unlike tfcat Hcdor, who ieruro*d tnm teak 
Of war rriuniphavt, in iEaciwi spoilt e 

Or him, wh« nude the fainting Greeks retire, jio 
And iauticb'd awaits ft their navv Phrygian Arc. 
Hi> hair iit4 beard ftood ftificn'd wkh Hi* §ore ; 
And all the wound*, he for hit country bene, 
Now ftream'd afrcfli* and with new purple rai 
1 wept to fee the rifiotiary man : 3*5 

And, while my trance continu'd, thus began : 
O light of Trojans, and fupport of Troy, 
Thy father's champion, and thy coo navy's fay i 
O r lone ex peeled by thy friends i from whence 

• Art, thou fo late return* d for our defence ? 3^4> 

Do we behold thee, weary'd as we are, 
With length of labours, and with toils of war ? 
After fo many funerals of thy own, 
Art thou reftor'd to thy declining town ? 

v But fay, what wounds are thefe r What new diigraoc 
Deforms the manly features of thy face ? 
To this the fpe£tre no reply did frame ; 
But anfwer'd to the caufe for which he came : 
And, groaning from the bottom of his bread, 

r^his warning, in thefe mournful words, exprefs'd : 

O god- 


& N E I S. Book n. 3*j 

O goddefs-born ! efcape, by timely flight, 
The flames and horrors of this fatal night. 
The foes, already, have poflefsM the wall, 
Troy nods from high, and totters to her fall. 

• Enough is paid to Priam's royal name, 385 

More than enough to duty and to fame. 
If .by a mortal hand my father's throne 
Could be defended, 'twas by mine alone : 
>Jow Troy to thee commends her future ftate, 
And gives her gods companions of thy fate : 394 

From their afiiftance happier walls expe&, 
Which, wandering long, at laft thou (halt ere&. 
He faid, and brought me, from their bleft abodes, 
The venerable ftatues of the gods : 
With ancient Vefta from the facred choir 39$ 

The wreaths and relics of th* immortal fire. 

Now peals of ihouts come thundering from afar, 
Cries, threats, and loud Jaments, and mingled war! 
The noiie approaches, though our palace flood 
Aloof from ftreets, encompaiVd with a wood. 40a 
Louder, and yet more loud, I hear th' alarms 
Of human cries diftinft, and claming arms ! 
Fear broke my (lumbers : I no longer (lay, 
But mount the terrafs, thence the town iurvey : 
And hearken what the fruitful founds convey ! 405 
Thus when a flood of fire by wind is born, 
Crackling it rolls, and mows the ftanding corn : 
Or deluges, defcending on the plains, 
Sweep o'er the yellow year, deftroy the pains 

. *0f labouring oxen, and the pealant's gains ; 410 



▼ rm&iL- 


ffcir etuftoon and acw elisf<jr» sow it*, 
Tm ffwindl w frtiiupeta H7tx*a vets ffiifs'iifC' cries - 
Wish frenzy fm'rf, I run ta meet A* zUtuk, 
jUi^kd m ftatit, iWbfr**! to die irr tma ■ 
Ittt fir* eo gather friendi, with tkn to oppofr, 4x5 
If fwftifle ferw*r*d; and rrprf die fes. 
fpvrt fcy »y courage, by my cootbet irfd ^ 
With fenfe af Ewoow, and* ntti^r mfptr'd ? 
Panrheu?, A potto's prieft, a fecred name, 
Had 'fcap^l the Grecian fwords, and pafs'd the flame; 
With rcfics loaden, to my doors he fled, 
And, by the hand, his tender grandfon led. 
What hope, O Pantheus ! whither can we run ? 
Where make a ftand? and what may yet be done ? 
Scarce had I faid,.when Pantheus, with a groan, 435 
Troy U no more, and Ilium was a town ! 
The fataf day, th* appointed hour, is come,, 
When wrathfoli Jove's irrevocable doom 



Book TL 


Trans ft rs the Trojan Hate to Grecian han 
The fire confumes the town, the foe* I 440 
And armed Ittjftsj an unexpected force, 
Break from the bowels of the fatal horfe I 
Within the gates proud Si nun throws about 
The flames, and foes for entrance jircfs without. 
With thonfand others, whom I fear to name* 44^ 
More than from Argos or TVIvcena; came. 
To feveral pofts their j *«■»** they divide i 
Some block the narrow :s» fame foour the wide- 

The bold they kil^ th J unwary they fm prize ; 
Who fights finds death nd death finds him who fiiet« 
•'t fcarce maintain 
fc in vain. 

The war :ers of the ga 
Th* unequal combat, 
1 heard; and heaven, 
Prompts mc, through 
To run, where tlaJhin 
And rufh undaunted t 

1-born fouls infpires, 
*™rds and nfing fires , 
a *id clamour calls, 455 
the walls f 

Ripheus and Iphmis by my ttfle engage, 
For valour one renown 'd, and onti for age, 
Dymas and Hypanis by moonlight knew 
My motions and my mien, and to my party drew; 46* 
With young Choroebus, who by love was led 
To win renown, and fair CafFandra's bed j 
And lately brought his troops to Priam's aid j 
Forewarn'd in vain by the prophetic maid. 
Whom, when I faw, refolv'd in arms to fall, 465 
And that one fpirit animated all} 
Brave fouls, feid I, but brave, alas! in vain: ; 

Come, finifh what our cruel fates ordain, 



You fee the defperate ftate of our affairs ; 
And heaven's protecting powers are deaf to prayers. 
The paflivc gods behold the Greeks defile 
Their temples, and abandon to the rpoil 
Their own abodes r we, feeble few, confpire 
To fave a finking town involv'd in fire. 
*Ehen let us fall, but fall amidft our foes : 
Defpair of life, the means of living fhows. 
So bold a fpeech encourag'd their defire 
Of death, and added fuel to their fire ! 

As hungry wolves, with raging appetite, 
Scour through the fields, nor fear the ftormy night, 
Their whelps at home expect the protnis'd food, 
And long to temper their dry chaps in bloody 
So rofiVd we forth at once, refolv'd to dic r 
Refolv'd in death the laft extremes to try ! . 
We leave the narrow lanes behind, and dare 48 
Th' unequal combat in the public fquare : 
Night was our friend, our leader was Defpair. 
What tongue can tell the flaughter of that night ! 
What eyes can weep the forrows and affright ! 
An ancient and imperial city falls, 
The ftreets arc fill'd with frequent funerals ; 
Houfes and holy temples float in blood, 
And hoftile nations make a common flood. 
Not only Trojans fall, but, in their turn, 
The vanquifh'^triumph, and the vi&ors mourn. 
Ours take new courage from defpair and night j. 
Confus'd the fortune is, confus'd the fight. 

M y E I S* Kook IT- ?$f 

irta rclouad with tumults, plaint*, and 

rri% death ia fundry iHapcs appear* ! 

igeos fell among us, with I.js band, 

bought us Grecian i newly come to land ; 

whence, laid he, mv friends, this long delay > 

inter, while the ipcila are borne away* 

lips are laden with the Trojan ft ore, 

ou P like truants, come mn late afhore. 505: 

d, btrt icon corrc&eri lir 5 jmftake, 

I bv the doubtful anl'wers which we make : 
*d he would have ibunn'd th 1 unequal fight* 

e, more numerous intercept his flight. 

\tVL ibrae peaiant, in a bufliy brake, $jy 

Lvith unwary footing* \ ilfc'd a fnake, 
rts afidc, aftoniih" d, w 1 he fpic& 
fing creft, blue neck, L^ rolling eves; 
m our arms furpriz'd Androgens tfiss ! 
a j for him and his we compai's round, 51* 
; s d with fear, unknowing of the ground; 
>f their Vives an eafy eonqueft found- 
fortune on our firft endeavour fmil'd ; 
?bus then, with youthful hopes beguil'd, 
with luccefs* and of a daring mind, 520 

lew invention fatally defign'd. 
iends, faid he, fince fortune fhows the way, 
t we fhould th' aufpicious guide obey, 
hat has Ihe thefe Grecian arms beftowM,. 
leir deftruclion, and the Trojans good ? 51* 
change we fhields, and their devices bear-* 
aud fupply the want of force in war. 





They find us arms. This faid, himfelf he drefs'd 
In dead Androgeos' fpoils, bis upper veft, 
His painted buckler, and bis plumy creft. 530 , 

Thus R^pheus, Dymaa, aH the Trojan train, 
Lay down their own attire, and drip the (lain. 
Mix'd with the Greeks, we go with ill prefage, 
Flatter'd with hopes to glut our greedy rage : 
Unknown, faulting whom we blindly meet, 535 
And drew, with Grecian carcafes, the ftreet. 
Thus while their itraggiing parties we defeat, 
Some to the (hone and fafer (hips retreat: 
And fome, opprefs'd with more ignoble fear, 
Remount the hollow horfe, and pant in fecret there/ 54* 

But ah ! .what ufe of valour can fa made, 
When heaven's propitious powers refufe their aid ! 
Behold the royal prophetefs, the fair 
Caflandra, dragg'd by her difhevel'd hair* 
Whom not Minerva's (hrine, nor facred bands, 545 
In fafety .could protect from facrilegious hands : 
On heaven (be caft her eyes, (he figh'd, (lie cry'd, 
.('Twas all (he could), her tender arms were ty'd. 
So fad a iight Chorcebus could not bear ; 
But, fir'd with rage, diftra&ed with defpair, 550 

Amid the barbarous ravifliers he flew j 
Our leader's ram example we purfue ; 
But dorms. of (tones, from the proud temple's height, 
Pour down, and on our batter'd helms alight : 
We from our friends receiv'd this fatal blow, 555 
Who thought us Grecians, as we feem'd in (how. 


* % 'Mc N B I S- Book II. * 369 

They aim at the mifhJccn crefts, from high, 

And ours beneath the ponderous ruin lie. 

Then, mov'd with anger and difdain, to fee 

Their troops difpers'd, the. royal virgin free ; 56* 

The Grecians rally, and their powers unite, 

With fury charge us, and renew the fight* 

The brother-kings with Ajax join their force, 

And the whole fquadron of Theflalian horfe. 

. Thus, when the rival winds their quarrel try, 565 

Contending for the kingdom of the iky, 

South, eaft, and weft, on airy couriers borne, 

The whirlwind gathers, and the woods are torn : 

Then Nereus {hikes the- deep, the billows rife, 

And, mix'd with ooze and fand, pollute the Hues. 570 

The -troops we fquander'd firft, again appear 

From ieveral quarters, and inclofe the rear. 

They firft obfcrve, and to the reft betray, 

Our different fpeech; our borrow' d arms furvey. 

OpprefsM with odds, we fall ; Chorcebus £rft, 57$ 

At Pallas' altar, by Pcnclcus piere'd. 

Then Rypheus follow'd, in th' unequal fight ; 

Juft of his word, obfervant of the right : 

Heaven thought not fo : Dymas their fate attends, 

With Hypanis, miftaken by their friends. 580 

Nor Panthcus, thee, thy mitre nor the bands 

Of awful Phoebus, fav'd from impious hands. 

Yc Trojan flames, your teftimony bear 

What I perform'd, and what I fuffer'd there : 

No fword avoiding in the fatal ftrife, 5S5 

Expos'd to death, and prodigal of life. 

Vol.V. Bb V/itncfs, 


Wknefs, ye heavens I I lire not by my fault ; 
I ftrove to hare defery J d die death I fought. 
But when I could not fight, and would have dyM, 
( Borne off to diftance-by die growing tide, 59* 

Old Iphitns and J were hurried thence, 
With Pelias wounded, and without defence. 
New clamours from th* inverted palace ring; 
We run to die, or difengage the king. 
So hot th' aflault, lb high the tumult rofe, 595 

While ours defend, and while the Greeks oppoie, 
As all the Dardan and Argolic race 
Had been contracted in that narrow fpace : 
Or as all Ilium elfe were void of fear, 
And tumult, war, and (laughter only there. 600 

Their targets in a tortoife caft, the foes 
Secure advancing, to the turrets rofe : 
Some mount the fcaling-ladders ; fome, more bold, 
Swerve upwards, and by polls and pillars hold : 
Their left hand gripes their bucklers in th* afcent, 60 5 
While with the right they feize the battlement. 
From the demolifh'd towers the Trojans throw 
Huge heaps of ftones, that, falling, crufli the foe : 
And heavy beams and rafters from the fides 
(Such arms their laft neceflity provides) : 610 

And gilded roofs come tumbling from on high, 
The marks of ftate and ancient royalty. 
The guards below, nVd in the pafs, attend 
The charge undaunted, and the gate defend. 
Renew'd in courage, with recoverM breath, 615 

A fecond time we ran to tempt our death : 


Book XL 

To clear the palace from the foe, fuccecd 
The weary living, and fwtttge the dead, 
A poftem-door, yet utiobferv'd and free, 
Joined by the length of a blind gallery, 
To the king's dofet led, a way well known 
To He&or's wife, while Priam held the throne : 
Through which flie brought Aftyanax, unfeen, 
To ehear his grand fire and his grandure*s queen. 



Through thi s wc pals , a \ 
With unavailing arms. 
From this the trcmblm 
The Grecian camp, ac 
Beams from his lofty 1 
Then, wrenching witt 
And, where the rafter 
Wc pufti them headlor 
The lightning flies not 
Nor thunder louder th; 
Down goes the top at < 

lu c tower from when ce, 
[aps make defence, 
g had oft defcry'd 
-w rheir navy ride. 

fwords we hew ; 
ua, w afTatilt renew. 
;o!umns meet, 
nur arms and feet : 
the fall, 
wall I 
j reek s beneath 635 

Are piece-meal torn, or pounded into death. 
Yet more fucceed, and more to death are fent ; 
We ceafe not from above, nor they below relent. 
Before the gate ftood Pyrrhus, threatening loud, 
With glittering arms confpicuous in the crowd. 640 
So fhines, renew'd in youth, the crefted fnake, 
Who flept the winter in a thorny brake : 
And 9 calling off his (lough, when fpring returns, 
Now looks aloft, and with new glory burns : 
Reftor'd with poifonous herbs, his ardent fides 645 
Reflect die fun, and, rais'd on fpires, he rides j 

B b a Higli 


High o'er the grafs, hitting he rolls along. 

And brandifhes; by fits, his forky tongue. 

Proud Periphas, and fierce Automedon, 

Hit father's charioteer, together run 650 

To force the gate : the Scyrian infantry 

Rufh on in crouds, and the barr'd paflage free. 

Entering the court, with fliouts the ikies they rend, ' 

And flaming firebrands to the roofs afccnd. 

Himfelf, among the foremoft, deals his blows, 655 

And, with his ax, repeated ftrokes beftows 

On the ftrong doors : then all their fhoulders ply, 

Till from the polls the brazen hinges fly. 

He hews apace, the double bars at length 

Yield to his ax, and unrefifted ftrength. 66* 

A mighty breach is made ; the rooms concealed * 

Appear, and all the palace is reveaTd. 

The halls of audience, and of public ftate, 

And where the lonely queen in fecret fate. 

Arm'd foldicrs now by trembling maids are feen, 665 

With not a door, and fcarce a fpace between. 

The houfe is fill'd with loud laments and cries, 

And (hrieks of women rend the vaulted Ikies. 

The fearful matrons run from place to place, 

And kifs the thre (holds, and the pods embrace. 670 

The fatal work inhuman Pyrrhus plies, 

And all his father fparkles in his eyes* 

Nor bars, nor fighting guards, his force fuftain j 

The bars are broken, and the guards are flain. 

In rufh the Greeks, and all th' apartments fill ; 675 

Thofc few defendants whom they find they kill. 



.t*WE I Sj Book II. ' 373 

Not with fi> fierce a rage, the foaming flood 
Roars, when he find* his rapid courfc withftood : 
Bean down the dams with unrefifled fway, 
.And fweeps.the cattle and the cots away. 680 

TfeeJe eyes beheld him, when he march'd between 
The brother-kings : I few th' unhappy queen, 
The hundred wives, and where old Priam flood, 
To ftain his haltow'd altar with his blood. 
The fifty nuptial beds (fuch hopes had he, 685 

So large a promife of a progeny). 
The pofts of plated gold, and hung with fpoils, 
- Fell the reward of the proud vi&or's toils. 
Where'er the raging fire had left a fpace, 
The Grecians enter, and poffefs the place. 690 

Perhaps you may of Priam's fate enquire : 
He, when he faw his regal town on fire, 
His ruin'd palace, and his entering foes, 
On every fide inevitable woes ; 
In arms difus'd, invefts his limbs decay 'd 695 

Like them, with age j a late and ufelcfs aid. 
His feeble fhoulders fcarce the weight fuflain : 
Loaded, not arm'd, he creeps along with pain ; 
Defpairing of fuccefs : ambitious to be (lain ! 
Uncover'd but by heaven, there flood in view 700 
An altar ; near the hearth a laurel grew, 
Dodder'd with age, whofe boughs encompafs round 
The houfhold gods, and fhade the holy ground. 
Here Hecuba-, -wth all her helplefs train 
Of dames, fdr fhelter fought, but fought m vain. 705 
B b 3 Driven 



Driven like a flock of dove* along the fky, 
Their images they hug, and to their altars fly. 
The queen, when ihe beheld her trembling lord, 
And hanging by his fide a heavy fword, 
What rage, flic cry'd, has feiz T d my hufband's mind; 
What arms arc thefe, and to what itfe delign'd ? 
Theic times want other aids : were Hc5tor here, 
Ev*n Hector now in vain, like Priam, would appear. 
With us t one common fhelter thou fhalt find. 
Or in one common fate with ns be join'd* 71 

She faid, and with a laft fahite embrae'd 
The poor old man, and by the laurel plac'd. 
Behold Polites, one of Priam's fbns, 
Purfucd by Pyrrhus, there for fafety runs. 
Through 1 words and foes, amaz'd and hurt he flies 
Through empty courts, and open galleries ; 
Hi m Pyjrhusj urging with his lance, puriues, 
And onen reaches, and his tnruits renews. 
The youth transnVd, with lamentable cries, 
Expires, before his wretched parents' eyes. 715 

Whom, gafping at his feet, when Priam faw, 
The fear of death gave place to nature's law. 
And, making more with anger than with age, , 
" The gods, faid he, requite thy brutal rage : * 
As fiire they will, Barbarian ! fure they muft, 730 
If there be jjods in heaven, and gods be juft : 
Who tak'ft in wrongs an infolent delight, 
With a fon's death t' infect a father's fight. 
Not he, whom thou and lying fame confpire 
To call thee his : not he, thy vaunted fire, 735 

4 Thug 


., « U E I S. Book U. 37S 

Thus ttt'd snj wretched age : the gods he fear'd, 

The laws of nature and of nations heard. 

He chear'd my lorrows, and, for fums of gold, 

The bloodlefs carcafe of my He&or fold. 

Pity'd the woes a parent underwent, 749 

And fent me back in fafety from his tent. 

This laid, his feeble hand a javelin threw, 
Which, fluttering, feem'd to loiter as it flew : 
Jnft, and but barely, to the mark it held, 
And faintly tinckled on the brazen fhield. 745 

Then Pyrrhus thus : Go thou from me to fate ; 
And to my father my foul deeds relate. 
Now die 1 with that he draggM the trembling fire, 
Sliddcfing through clotter'd blood and holy mire 
(The mingled parte his murder'd fon had made), 
Haul'd from beneath the violated made, 
And on die (acred pile the royal victim laid. 
His right hand held his bloody fauchion bare ; 
His left he twitted in his hoary hair : 
Then, with a fpeeding thruft, his heart he found : 
( The lukewarm blood came rufliing through the 
And {anguine dreams diftain'd the facred ground. 
Thus Priam fell, and fliar'd one common fate 
With Troy in afhes, and his ruinM ftate : 
He, who the fceptre of all Afia fway'd, 76* 

Whom monarchs, like domeftic flaves, obey'd, 
On the bleak fhore now lies th' abandoned king, 
* A headlefs carcafe, and a namelefs thing. 

• Thii whole line is taken from Sir John Dcnham. 

B b 4 Then 




Then, not before, I felt my curdled blood 
Congeal with fear, my hair with horror flood s .765 
My father's image filTd my pious mind, 
Left equal years might equal fortune find. 
Again I thought on my forfaken wife, 
And trembled for my fon's abandon'd life. 
I look'd about, but found myfelf alone, 770 

Defertcd at my need, my friends were gone. 
Some fpent with toil, fome with defpair opprefs'd, t 
Leaped headlong from the heights 3 the flames cottfum'4 

the reft. 
Thus, wandering in my way, without a guide, 
The gracelefs Helen in the porch I fpy'd ■ ■ 775' 

Of Vefta's temple ; there (he lurk'd alone ; 
Muffled fhe fate, and, what (he could, unknown: • .1 
But, by the flames, that caft their blaie around, ■ * -■ 
That common bane of Greece and Troy, I found. 
For Ilium burnt, fhe dreads the Trojan's fword ; 
More dreads the vengeance of her injur'd lord ; 
Ev'n by thofe gods, who refug'd her, abhorr'd. 
Trembling with rage, the ftrumpet I regard 5 
RefolvM to give her guilt the due reward. 
Shall fhe triumphant fail before the wind, 785 

And leave in flames unhappy Troy behind ? 
Shall Hie her kingdom and her friends review, 
Instate attended witli a captive crew ; 
While unreveng'd the good old Priam falls, 
And Grecian fires confume the Trojan walls ? 790 
For this the Phrygian fields and Xanthian flood 
Were fwell'd with bodies, and were drunk with blood ! 



,rj|pysi& f Book n, 377 

/' •IS true, « Jbiditr can (mall honour gain, 

Andboaft no cbnqueft from a woman (lain ; 
' ISat frail the fa£fc not pafs without applaufe, 795 

'Of vengeance taken in fo juft a caufe. 
The poniflTd crime (hall iet my foul at cafe : 
And murmuring manes of my friends appeafe. 
" Thn while I rare, a gleam of pleafant light 1 

Spread o'er the place, and, mining heavenly bright, > 
My mother flood rereal'd before my fight. J 

Jbnrcr fo radiant did her eyes appear; 
ffer her own (bar confefs'd a light fo clear. 
Gnat in her charms, at when the gods above 
Slit looks, and breathes herfelf into their lore. 805 
She held my hand, the deftin'd blow to break 1 
Then, 4wm her rofy lips, began to fpeak : 
My ion, from whence this madnefs, this neglect 
Of my commands, and thofe whom I protect ? 
' Why thli unmanly rage ? recallomind 810 

Whom yon foriake„what pledges leave behind. 
Look if your haplefs father yet furvive ; 
Or if Afcanius, or Creiifa, live. 
Around your houfe the greedy Grecians err ; 
And thefe had perifh'd in the nightly war, 815 
But for my prefence and protecting care. 
Not Helen's face, nor Paris, was in fault : 
But by the gods was this deftruc"Hon brought. 
Now call your eyes around ; while I diflolve 
The mills and films that mortal eyes involve : 820 
Purge from your fight the drofs, and make you fee 
The fhape of each avenging deity. 




Enlighten'd thus, my juft commands fulfil t 
Nor fear obedience to your mother** will. 
Where yon difbrderM heap of ruin lies, t*£ 

Stones rent from ftones, where clouds of daft ariJc, ' < 
Amid that {mother, Neptune holds his place 1 
Below the wall's foundation drives his mace s 
And heaves the building from the folid bafe. 
Look where, in arms, imperial Juno ftands, $30* 
Full in die Scaean gate, with loud commands, 
Urging on fhore the tardy Grecian bands. 
See Pallas, of her fiiaky buckler proud, 
Beftrides the tower, refulgent through the clouds - 
See Jove new courage to the foe fupplies, 9g$ 

And arms againft the town the partial deities. 
Hafte hence, my fon ; this fruitlefi labour end s } 
Hafte where your trembling fpoufe and fire attend 1- 4 
Hafte, and a mother's care your pafiage (hall befriend. J 
She faid : and fwiftly vanifh'd from my fight, 840 
Obfcure in clouds, and gloomy ftiades of night* 
1 look'd, I liften'd ; dreadful founds I hear; 
And the dire forms of hoftile gods appear. 
Troy funk in flames I faw, nor could prevent j 
And Ilium from its old foundations rent. 845 

Rent like a mountain afh, which dar'd the winds 5 
And flood the fturdy ftrokes of labouring hinds : 
About the roots the cruel ax refounds, 
The flumps are pierc'd with oft-repeated wounds. 
The war is felt on high, the nodding crown 850. 

Now threats a fall, and throws the leafy honours down. 


* - ■ 

.. 'M'V& I S. Book EL 379 

To their linked fate it yields, though late; 
And mourns, with, mortal groans, th* ap preaching fate 5 
The roots no more their upper load fuftain j 
But down ihe falls, and fpreads a ruin through the plain. 
Defeending thence, I Ycape through foes, and fire : 
Before the goddefs, foes and flames retire. 
AniVd at home, he for whofe only fake, 
Or moft for his, fuch toils I undertake, 
The good Anchifes, whom, by timely flight, 860 
I porpos'd to iecure on Ida's height, 
Bcfus'd the journey j refblute to die, 
And add his funerals to the fate of Troy i 
Rather than exile and old age fuftain. 
Go you, whofe blood runs warm in every vein : 865 
Had heaven decreed that I mould life enjoy, 
Heaven had decreed to fave unhappy Troy. 
Tit fure enough, if not too much for one, 
Twice, to have feen our Ilium overthrown. 
Make hafte to fave the poor remaining crew ; 8 70 

And give this ufelefs corpfe a long adieu. 
Thefe weak old hands fuffice to flop my breath : 
At lead the pitying foes will aid my death, 
To take my fpoils : and leave my body bare : 
As for my fepulchre let heaven take care. 875 

*Tis long fince I, for my ccleflial wife, 
Loath'd by the gods, have dragg'd a lingering life : 
Since every hour and moment I expire, 
Blafted from heaven by Jove's avenging fire. 
This oft repeated, he ftood fix'd to die ; 880 

Myfelf, my wife, my fon, my family, 
Intreat, pray, beg, and raife a doleful cry. 




What, will he ftUl permVon death refolve, 

And in his ruin all fast house involve ? 

He ftill perfifis his reasons to maintain ; 88$ 

Oar prayers, oar tears, our loud laments, are vatft. ".* 

Urg'd by defpair, again I go to try •: 
The rate of arms, refbhr'd in fight to die. 
What hope remains, but what my death nuUt giver 
Can I without £6 dear a father live ? 899 

You term it prudence, what I bafenefs call : 
Could fuch a word from fuch a parent fall ? 
If fortune pleafe, and fo the gods ordain, 
That nothing would of ruin'd Troy remain ; 
And you confpire with fortune, to be flain ; 895 
The way to death is wide, th' approaches near s 
For fbon relentlefs Pyrrhus will appear, 
Reeking with Priam's blood : die wretch who flew 
The ion (inhuman) in the father's view, 
And then the fire himfelf to the dire altar drew. 

O goddefs-mother, give me back to fate ; 
Your gift was undefir'd, and came too late. 
Did you for this, unhappy me convey 
Through foes and fires to fee my houfe a prey ? 
Shall I, my father, wife, and fon, behold 905 

Weltering in blood, each other's arms infold ? 
Hafte ! gird my fword, though fpent and overcome : 
Tis the laft fummons to receive your doom. 
I hear thee, fate, and I obey thy call : 
Not unreveng'd the foe fhall fee my fall. 910 

Reftorc me yet to the unfinifti'd fight : 
My death is wanting to conclude the night. 


jJTN:B I S» Book I. 3 tx 

AroVd one* again, my glittering fwwd I wield ! "1 

While th' other hand fuftaint my weighty ihield : C 

And forth I ruih to feek th* abaWn'd field. 9153 

I w/ent ; but lad Creufa ftopp'd my way K 

And, apoft the thrdhold, in my pafiage layj^. 

Emhrac'd my knees $ and when I would have gone, 

ShfcwM me my feeble fire, and tender fon. 

If death be your defign, at leaft, (aid fhe, 920 

Take ut along to ihare your deftiny* 

If any further hopes in arms remain, 

This place, thefe pledges of your love maintain. 

To whom do you expofe your father's life, 

Tour ion's, and mine, your now-forgotten wife ! 925. 

'While thus (he fills the houfe with clamorous cries, 

thu hearing is diverted by our eyes ; 

For while I held my fon, in the fliort fpace, 

Betwixt our kuTes and our laft embrace* . . . 

Strange to relate, from young lulus' head 930 

A lambent flame arofe, which gently fpread 

Around his brows, and on his temples fed. 

Amaz'd, with.mnning water we prepare 

To quench the facred fire, and flake his hair ; 

But old Anchifes, vers'd in omens, rear'd 935 

His hand to heaven, and this requeft preferr'd : 

If any vows, almighty Jove, can bend 

Thy will, if piety can prayers commend, 

Confirm the glad prefage which thou art picas 'd to 


Scarce had he faid, when, on our left, we hear 940 
A peal of rattling thunder roll in air : 





There (hot a dreaming lamp along the (ky, 
Which on die winged lightning feem'd to fly 5 
From o'er the roof the blaze began to more; 
And trailing vanifli'd in th' Idean grove. - % 045 

It (wept a path in heaven, and (hone a guide; 
Then in a fteaming (tench of fulphur dy*d. 

The good old man with fuppliant hands implorM 
The gods prote&ion, and their ftar ador'd* 
Now, now, (aid he, my fon, no more delay, ?f e> 
I yield, I follow where heaven (hews the way. 
Keep (O my country gods) our dwelling-place. 
And guard this relick of the Trojan race : 
This tender child ,- thefe omens are your own ; 
And you can yet reftore the ruin'd town. 955 

At lead accomplish what your figns forefliow : 
I ftand refign'd, and am preparM to go. 

He (aid ; the crackling flames appear on high, 
And driving fparkles dance along the iky. 
With Vulcan's rage the riling winds confpire j 960 
And near our palace rolls the flood of Are. 
Hafte, my dear father ('tis no time to wait,) 
And load my moulders with a willing freight. 
Whate'cr bcfals, your life (hall be my care, 
One death, or one deliverance, we will (hare. 965 
My hand (hall lead our little fon ; and you, 
My faithful confort, (hall our fteps purfue. 
Next, you, my fcrvants, heed my drift commands : 
Without the walls a ruin'd temple (lands, 
To Ceres hallow'd once ; a cyprefs nigh 970 

Shoots up her venerable head on high ; 


NEIS. Book II. 3 8| 

By long religion kept : there bend your fe 
And, in divided parties, let us meet- 
Our country gods* the relicks, and the bs 
Hold you, my father, in your gni kiefs hands ; 975 
In me 3 tia impious holy things to bear, 
Red as I am with flaughter, new from war : 
Till, in fome Jiving ft ream, I dcanfe the guilt 
Of dire debate, and blood in battle ipilt. 
Thus, ordering all that prudence could provide, 980 
I clothe my Ihoulders 

And yellow fpoils : tli ^ r back, 

The welcome load of , m _Jfci *^e. 
While, on my better I uus hung, 

And, with unequal pa -ong. 1 98$ 

Creufa kept behind ; I . j/t Jtray 

Through every dark a devious way, 

I, who fo hold and da , juit before, 

The Grecian dans ant * ™f Janees bore, 

At every madow now with tear ; 990 

Not for myfeif, but ft *i/ge I bear. 

Till near the nuVd gate arnvd at laft, 
Secure, and deeming alt the danger paft, 
A frightful noife of trampling feet we hear 5 
My father, looking through the Shades with fear, 995 
Ciy T d out, Haftc, haflc, my Con, the foes are nigh; 
*J Their fwords and lhining armour I defcry. 
Some hoftile god, for fome unknown offence, 
Had fure bereft my mind of better fenfe : 
For while, through winding ways, I took my flight, 
And fought the fhelter of the gloomy night, 



Alas! Ilo&CieanY: hard to tell ' 

If by her fetal demwy fee fell, 

Or weary fete, or w M i kr' Awithagngitg 

Bar file was loft far cies to my %fc£ 1005 

I knew not, orienWfnsd, till I meet 

My friends, at Cera' bbw awltfiil fiats 

We met s not oajr was wanting, only ate 

Decerv'd hex fiends, her fan, and wretched me. 

What mad cxpreffions did my tongbcicfiriel 1010 

Whom did I not of gods or mew accafe ! 

This was die fetal blow, that painM me more 

Than all I felt from rom'd Troy before. 

Stung with my loft, and raring with despair, 

Abandoning my nowvforgotten care, 10^5 

Of counfel, c omfo r t, and of hope bereft, 

My fire, my Jon, my country gods, I left. 

In Aiming armour once again I meath' 

My limbs, not feeling wounds, nor fearing death. 

Then headlong to the burning walls I run, 1020 

And fcek the danger I was fore'd to fhun. 

1 tread my former tracks : through night explore 

Each paflagc, every ftreet I crofsM before. 

All things were full of horror and affright, 

And dreadful cv'n the filence of the night. 1025 

Then to my father's houfe I make repair, 

With fome fmall glimpfe of hope to find her there : . 

Inftead of her, the cruel Greeks I met : 

The houfc was fillM with foes, with flames befet. 

Driven on the wings of winds, whole ilieets of fire, 

Through air tranfported, to the roofs afpirc. 


N E I S. Book IT, 


From thence to Priam's palace I re fort, 

And fearch the citadel, and defert court. 

Then , unobfervM, 1 pafs'd by Juno^s ehi • 

A guard of Grecians had poflefsM the porcn i 1035 

There Phoenix and UlyiFes watch the prey, 

And thither all the wealth of Troy convey p 

The fpolls which they from ranfackM houfes brought, 

And golden bowls from burning altars caught- 

The tables of the god«, the purple vefts, 1040 

The peoples* treafure, and the pomp of priefts. 

A rank of wretdfcd youths, with pin ion : d hands, 

And captive matrons **• long order ftands. 

Then j with un govern madncf*, I proclaim, 

Through all the Aleut *eets, Creufa^s name, 1045 

Creufa ftill I call : at ngth me hears j 

And, fudden a throug the (hades of night appears. 

Appears no more Crei » nor my wife, 

But a pale {peftre, la] than the life. 

Aghaft, aftoninYd, aj u nruck dumb with fear, 105© 

I ftoodj like briftles irife my ftiffen'd hair, 

Then thus the gboft began to foothe my grief: 

Nor tears, nor cries, can give the dead relief j 

Defift, my much-lov'd lord, t* indulge your pain : 

You bear no more than what the gods ordain. 1055 

My fates permit me not from hence to fly ; 

Nor he, the great comptroller of the fky. 

Long wandering ways for you the powers decree : 

On land hard labours, and a length of fea. 

Then, after many painful years are paft, 1060 

On Latium's happy Ihore you mall be caft : 

VOL. V. Cc Where 


Where gentle Tiber from his bed beholds 
The flowery meadows, and the feeding folds- 
There end your roils : and there your fates provide 
A quiet kingdom, and a royal bride: 1065 

There fortune mall the Trojan tine reftorc ; 
And you for loft Creiifa weep no more. 
JFear not that I fhall watch* with fervile fhame, 
Th' imperious looks of fomt proud Grecian dame - 
Gr> looping to the vigor's luft, difgrace 1070 

My god defs- mother, or my royai rate. 
And now f ferewel ; the parent of the gods 
Reft rains my fleeting foul in her abodes : 
1 truft our common iffue to your care. 
She faid ; and gliding pafs'd unfeen in air. 107 

I Itrove to fpeak, hut horror ty T d my tongue ; 
And thrice about her neck my arms I flung : 
And thrice, deceivM, on vain embraces hung. 
Light as an empty dream at break of day, 
Or as a blaft of wind,, lhe rufli'd away. 1080 

* Thus, having pafs'd the night in fniitkfs pain, 
I to my longing friends return again. 
Amaz'd th' augmented number to behold, 
Of men and matrons mix'd, of young and old : 
A wretched exilM crew together brought, 1085 

With arms appointed, and with treafure fraught. 
Refolv'd, and willing under my command, 
To run all hazards both of fea and land. 
The morn began, from Ida, to difplay 
,Her rofy cheeks, and Phofphor led the day: 109© 
3 Before 

Before the gates the Grecians took theft 
And al] pretence of hte relief were loft. 
I yield to fate, unwillingly retire, 
And, loaded , up the hiil convey my £«• 



'■;• :. ..." t 

OF T H g 


VERSES to Mr. Drtdeit, on hi&Tranfla- 

tion of Virgil, Page 3 

Dedication of the Pastorals! to Lord 4 

Clifford, I* 13 

PASTORAL L Tityrus and Mcliboeu* ai 

II. Ale* i «6 

1IL Pals non 3* 

IV. Pollio 39 

V. Daphnfa 43 

VI. Siknus 49 
VIL Mellbceus 55 

VIII. Pharmaceutria 60 

IX. Lycidas and Moeris 67 

X. Gallus 1% 
Dedication of the Georgics, to the Ear) of 

Chesterfield, 79 

TheGEORGics, Book I. 91 

II. ti6 

III. 244 

IV. *74 



Dedication of the JEneis, to the Earl of 

Mulgeave, 4 Page to? 

T*gJEi*lls, Book!, ,,i 

U* 349 


'•bur ^ 





W O R i S 




PRE t A C E S, 



L O N P O N: 















D R Y D E N'S 



* * 

r ' r 




M N E I i 


^ncis proceeds in his rel 
of die fleet withvhtch 
hh firft voyage to Thrs 
his to uric to Deloa, an 
the Gods had appoimc 
mifiake of the oracle's 
his houfhold Gods giv 
oracle in a dream: he 

n . k*. »;«q a j) account 
ccefs of 
*: , n LUETin directs 

afitjs the oracle wrist place 
*» his habitation? By a 
he fettles in Crete : 
1 The true fenfe of the 
Follows their advice* and 
makes the beft of his way for Italy : he is caft on 
feveraMhores, and meet* with very furprizing adven- 
tures, till at length he lands on Sicily ,*- where- his 
father Anchifes dies. This is the place-he- was fail- 
ing from, when the- tempeft • *ofe, and threw hira 
upon the- Carthaginian coaft.- 

TX^THEN heaven had overturn'd th* Trojan ftate, 
AndlPriamVthrone, by too fevere a fate : 
Vol.. VI.. B When 

7. DRY DEN'S Trit^IX. 

When ruined Troy became the Greciaas prey. 
And Ilium's lofty towers in aflies lay ; 
WarnM by celeftial omens* we retreatp 
To feek in foreign lands a happier feat, 
Iv T ear old Antandros, and at Ida's foot* 
The timber of the facred groves we cut j 
And build our fleet : uncertain yet to find 
What piece the gods for our repofe aflign'd. 
Friends daily flock* and fcarcc the kindly fpring 
Began to cloathe the ground ^ and birds to fing : 
When old Anchifes fummou*d all to fca : 
The crew, my father and the fates abev. 
With ftghs and rears I leave my native ihore, 
And empty fields, where Ilium flood before* 
My fire, my fon 7 our Jcfs, and greater god % t 
All fail at once % and cleave the briny floods. 

Againft our coaft appears a fparious land. 
Which once the fierce Lycurgus did command ; 
Thracia the aame ; the people bold in war ; 
Vail are their fields, and tillage is their care. 
A hofpitable realm, while fate was kind ; 
With Troy in friendship and religion join'-d. 
I land, with lucklefs omens ; then adore 

' Their gods, and draw a line along the (hore : 
I lay the deep foundations of a wall : 

.And Enos, nartl'd from m§> tfre city caJJ. 
To Dionaean ;Venus vows are paid, 

, And all the powers that riling labours aid 5 39 

A bull an Jove's imperial altar laid. 

A N E I S. Book ] 

Not far, a rifin^ hillotk flood in view j 

Sharp myrtles, on the fides, artd cornel? 

Thrre, while I went to crop the fy Ivan lecnes, 

And fliade our attar with their leafy greens* 3$ 

I pull'd a plant (with horror I relate 

A prodigy fo ftrange, and full of fate) j 

The rooted fibres rofc ; and from the wound, 

Black bloody drops diiliUM upon the ground. 

Mute, and amast'd, my hair with terror ftood ; 40 

Fear mrunk my finei rs t and congeal *d my blood : 

Man'd once again, 1 tother plant I try, 

That other gufli'd w h the fame fanguine dye. 

Then, fearing guilt nr fome offence unknown, 

"With prayers and vo the Dryads I atone ; 4$ 

With all the fitters or tnc woods, and moft 

The god of arms, w niins the Thracian coaft ; 

That they, or he, tr **»-nc would avert ; 

Kdeafo our fears, ar impart. 

Cieaf d, as I though ana : nVd at length $6 

To learn the caufc, I tugged with all my Itrength : 

I bent ray knees agairift the ground ; once more 

The violated myrtle ran with gore. 

Scarce dare I tell the fequel : from the womb 

pf wounded earth, and caverns of the tomb, 55 

A groan as of a troubled ghoft renew*d 

My fright, and then thefe dreadful words enfued ; 

Why doft thou thus my feury'd body rend ? 

O fpare the corpfe of thy unhappy friend 1 

Spare to pollute thy pious hands with blood : 60 

The tears diftil not from the wounded wood j 

B z I 


But every drop this living tree contains 
Is kindred blood, and ran in Trojan veins * 

fly from this unhofpitable (bore, 
Warn'd by my fate; for I am Polydore ! 
Here loads of lances, in my blood embrued,. 
Again (hoot upward,, by my blood renew'd* 

My faltering, tongue and fhivering limbs declare 
My horror, and in bridles rofe my hair. 
When Troy w ^ Grecian arms was clofely pent, 70 ' 
Old Priam, fearful of the war's event,, 
This haplefs Polydore to Thracia fent. 
Loaded with gold,, he fent his darling far. 
From noife and tumults,, and definitive war: 
.Committed to the faithlcfc tyrant's. care : 
Who, when. he faw the power of Troy decline^ 
Forfook the. weaker, with the. ftrong to joia,; • 
Broke every bond of nature,, and of truth : 
And murder'd, for his wealth, the royal youth; . 
t) facred hunger of pernicious gold,. 80 

What bands of faith can impious lucre hold ! 
Now, when my, foul had.fhaken off her fears, 

1 cail mv father, and the Trojan peers : 
Relate the prodigies of heaven, require. 

What he commands,, and their advice, defire. t £ 

All vote to leajve that execrable more, x 

Polluted-witlj the blood of Polydore. 
But ere we, (ail, . his funeral rites prepare ; 
Then, to hjs.ghoft,. a tomb and altars rear. 


JEFEIS. Book I] 

"tti mournful pomn the matrons walk the 
With ha It Ful cvpreia and blue filets en 
With eyea deje£lcd, and with hair unbo 
Then bowls of tepid milk and blood we v 

And thrke invoke the foul of Polydore. 

Now when the raging Ifrorms no Ionge_ .^^a i 
But foot hern gales invite u a to the main ; 
We launch our reifeU, with a prolpcrous wind ; 

And leave the cities ' 
An ifland in th* J 
Neptune and watery 
It floated once, till i 
To rooted earth, ar 
Here, borne by fric 
With needful eafe o 
And the fun 's tempi 
Ant us tl\c pricft, . 
His hoary locks wit J 
Who law my fire th 
Came Forfh with eaj 

■ mores behind. 


r. w -raves tne tide?. 
wind s p we come a-ihore, 
l \q:aiy limbs reftora i 
and his town adore. 10 

.id kine\ with laurel crown 1 d, 
ok ts bound, 
i ujuic afcend, 
.»«* to meet his friend 


invites him to hi* paJacc : and in fign 119 

Of ancient love, their plighted hands they join* 
Then to the temple of the god I went 5 
And thus befoFexhe flirine my vows prefent ; 
Give, O Thymbreus, give a refting-plicc 
To the fad relicks of --the Trojan race : * 1 j 

A feat fee u re, a regie n of their own, 
A la(lii\g empue,wnd. a happier town. 
Where (hall weitx, where, (hall our labours end, 
'"Whom (hall we follow, and what fate attend ? 

B 3 L<* 


Let not my prayers a doubtful anfwer find, . x**< 

But in clear auguries unveil thy mind. 

Sc&rce had I faid j he ihook the 1 holy ground, 

The laurels, and the lofty hills around : 

And from the tripos rnfh'd a bellowing found. ■- 

Proftrate we fell, confefs'd the prefent god } 115 

Who gave this anfwer from his dark abode : 

Undau&ted youths, go feek that mother earth 

From which your anceftors derive their birth, 

The foil that fent you forth, her ancient race, 

In her old bofom, mall again embrace. 130 

Through the wide world th* ^Eneian houfe (hall reign». 

And children* children (hall the crown fuftain. 

Thus Phoebus did our future fates difclofe : 

A mighty tumult, mix'd with joy, arofe. 

AH are concern'd to know what place the ged 13$. 
Aiiign'd, and where determin'd our abode. 
My father, long revolving in his mind 
The race and lineage of the Trojan kind, 
Thus anfwer' d their demands :. Ye princes, hear 
Your plcafing fortune j and difpel your fear. 140. 

The fruitful iile of Crete, well known to fame, 
Sacred of old to Jove's imperial name, 
In the mid ocean lies with large command ; 
And on its plains a hundred cities ftand. 
Another Ida rifes there j and we 14$ 

From thence derive our Trojan anceftry. 
From thence, as 'tis divulg'd by certain fame,. 
To the Rhaetean (hores old Teucer came ; 


^NBFS. Book U } 

There £x'd, and there the feat of empire 

Etc Ilium and the Trojan towers arole. i >6 

In humble vales they built their foft abode* : 

Till Cybclc, the mother of the gods 

With tinkling cymbals, charm 'd th' Idean woods H 

She fecret rites and ceremonies taught, 

And to the yoke theTavaee lions brought, • *55 

l>et us the land, which heaven Appoints, explore ; 

Appeafe the wind?, and ietk the Gnaifian fliore. 

If Jove alfcft thepaflage of our fleet, 

The third propitious dawn <iil covers Crete* 

Thus having faid, the factinces laid l6d 

On fmoaking altars, to the gods he paid. 

A bull to Neptune, an oblation due. 

Another bull ro bright Apollo flew < 

A milk-white ewe the weftera winds to pleafc t 

And one coal black to calm the ftormy -Teas. 16$ 

Ere this, a flying rurr ur had been fprcad, 

That fierce fdomenca From Crete was fled ; 

Expcll't! and e'xil'd $ that the "eoirit was free 

From foreign or domeftic enemy : 

We leave* the Delian potts, and put to fea. 170 

By Naxos, fanVd for vintage, make our way : 

Then green Donyia pafs ; and fail in fight 

Of Paros ifle* with matble quarries white. 

We paf$ the fcatter'd ifles of Cyclades, 

Tha*, fcarce diftinguifli'd, feem to ftud the feas. 175 

The Ihouts of failors double near the ihores • 

They ftrecch their canvas, and they ply their oars. 

B 4 All 


All hands aloft, for Crete, for Crete they cry> 
And iwiftly through the foamy billows fly* 
Full on the promis'd land at length we bore, t So 

With, joy defcendingon the Cretan fliore* 
With eager hafte a rifing town I frame, 
Which from the Trojan Pergamus I name : 
Tl*o name itfelf was grateful j I exhort 
To found their houfes, and eie£l a fort, iK$ 

Our (hips are hauled upon the ydlow ftrand. 
The youth begin to till the laboured land. 
Ami I myfelf new marriages promote, 
Give taws \ and dwellings I divide by lot* 
When riling va f tours ch^ke the wholefom air, tgfc 

And b I aft s of noifum winds corrupt the year s 
The trees, devouring caterpillars burn ; 
Parch" d was the gral's, and blighted was the corn. 
Nor fcapc the beafts j for Sinus from on high 
With peftiknctal heat infects the fky v 19 5 

My men, lb me fall, the re 11 in fevers fry. 
Again my. father bids me feck the flmre ♦ 

Of facred Dclos and the god .implore : 
*Xq learn what end of woes we might expect, 
And to what clime our weary courfe<dire£fc. 200 

'Twas night, when every creature, void of cares, " 
The common gift of balmy fl umber (hares : 
The ftatues of my gods ( for fuch they feem'd), 
Thofe gods whom I from flaming Troy redeem'd, 
Before me ftood ; majeffically hright, 20$ 

Full in the beams of «Phcebe's entering light. 




.JtKlI^. "Book Til. *§ 

tfcu*they fpokei and ^as'd my troubled mind : 
r What from the Dalian god thou go'ft to find, 
He tells thee* here ; and (ends us to relate : 
Vbofe powers ape we, companions of thy fate, 2 ro 
Who from the burning town by thee were brought; 
Thy fortune foUowM, and thy fafety wrought. 
'Through/feat 'and lands as we thy fteps attend, 
So mail our care thy glorious race befriend. 
Aa ample-realm for thee thy fates ordain 5 215 

A town, that o'er the conquered world (hall reign, -. 
Thou mighty walls for mighty nations build ; 
* ifrorlct thy weary mind to labours yield s 
But change thy feat-; for not the Delian god, 
Mar we* hare giv'n^thee Crete for our abode. * 20 
A land thereis, Hefperia-call'd of old, 
The foil is. fruitful, andthe natives bold. 
Th* once ; by later feme, 
NcVcalVd Italia from the leader's name. 
Jaiius there, and Dardanus were born : 225 

From thence we came, and thither muft return. 
Rife, and thy fire with thefe glad tidings greet ; 
Search Italy, for Jove denies thee Crete. 

Aftonifh'd at their voices, and their fight, 
'{Nor were they dreams, but vifiorrs of the night j 233 
I faw, I knew -their faces, and defcry'd 
In perfect, view their hair with fillets ty'd) ; 
I ftarted from my couch, and clammy fweat 
On all my limbs and fhivering body fate. 
To heaven I lift my hands with pious hafte* 235 

Andiacred incenfe in the flames I cad* 



Thus to the gods their perfe& honours done. 
More chcarful to my good old fire I run, 
And tell the pleating news ■ in little ipace 
lit found his error of the double race. a 40^ 

Not, as before he dccnVd, deiiv'd from Crete j 
No more dduded by the doubtful feat* 
Then fafci, O fon ! turmoil'd in Trojan fate, 
Such things as thefc Callandra did relate ; 
This day revives within my mind, what ihe 14 j 

Foretold of Trfly renew 'd in Italy, 
And Latian laiida * but who could then have though* * 
That Phrygian gods to Latium mould be brought? 
Or who belicv'd what mad CafTandra taught } 
£Jow let us go, where Phoebus leads the way, 253 
He faid, and we with glad con ie tit obey : 
Forfake the feat; and, leaving few behind, 
We fpread our fails before the willing wind. 
Now from the fight of land our gallies move, 
With only feas around > and ikies above. 255 

\Vhen o'er our buadi deftends a bur ft of rain, 
And night,, with fable clouds, involves the main j 
The ruffling winds the foamy billows raifrj 
The fcatter'd fleet is fore' d to feveral ways j 
£Thc face of heaven is raviflrd' from our eyes, 266 
And, in redoubled peals, the roaring thunder flies. 
Caft from our courfe, we wander in the dark j 
No ftars to guide, no point of land to mark. 
Ev'n Palinurus no diftinction found 
JBetwixt the night and day, fuchdarknefsreign'd around* 



Thrrc ftarlefs nights the doubtful navy itn 
Without diftinfbkm, and three fun left day 
The fourth renews the light, and, from ou* Clouds, . 
We view a riftag land like dirt ant clou da ; 
The mountain- tops confirm the pleaimg fight, a 70? 
And curling fmoke afcending from their height. 
The canvafs falls, their oars the tailors ply, 
From the rude ftrokes the whirling waters fly. 
At length I land upon des, 

Safe from the danger a«i fcas -. i*#. 

Thofe iflcs are compafi uau inain, 

The dire abode where . _™». ign t 

Forc'd by the winged 1 _ tr 

To their old homes > M 

M on Iters more fierce* t 2Ee> 

From Yi£\V% abyfs* for u p« 

With virgin -faces, bui vo obn.«ie, 

Fou! paunches, and w: unclean : 

With claws for hands, ever lean, 

We landed at the pc ash eld iR$ 

Fat herds of oxen graze the iiowery field t 
And wanton goats without a keeper ftray^d ; 
With weapons we the welcome prev invade. 
Then Call the gods for partner* of our feafl : 
Arid Jove himfelf the chief invited gueft. 190 

We fprcad the tables on the greenfword ground : 
We feed with hunger, and the bowls go round ; 
When from the mountain tops, with hideous cry, 
And clattering wings, the hungry harpies fly : 

1 They 



,-*Tbey fnatth the meat, dtfiling all they find ; %95 

'A nt) 1 parting, leave a Joathforae ft cnth behind* 
Ck>Jt by * hollow ruck Hgatn we fit, 
New djef* tlir dinner, m. tic! the bed* refit j 
Secure from fight, hmrHfh a pleating fhade, 
Where tufted tree* a hhIivc at hour made. 30* 

Afr>in the holy fire* on altar* bum, 
And once ag&m the raven r»tit birds return : 
Ot from the dark rcecflca where they lie. 
Or From another quarter of the fky j 
With filthy claw* their odioui meal repeat, 30* 

And miit thtir lemthfomr ordures with their meat. 
1 bid my friendl for ven gen nee theti prepare, 
And witlt'thc he II Mb nation wage the war. 
Th^v, a'- commanded, for the tight provide, 
And in the gruf* their frittering weapons hide : jie* 

5 hen, when along the crooked fliorc we hear 
heir tfotmlng winga, and faw the foes appear, 
AH ileum founds a charge : we take th* alarm, 
And 01 1 1 flrong hand* with ftvnrd.; and bucklers arm. 
In this new kind of combat all employ 31 5 

Their utmolt -force the monfters to deftroy. 
In vain ; the fated (kin is proof to wounds: 
And 9 from their plumes, the fhining fword rebound's. 
Xt length, rebuff'd, they leave their mangled prey, 
And their ftretch'd pinions to the ikies difplay. 320 
Yet one rcmain'd.thc meflenger of Fate, 
High on a craggy cliff Celaeno fate, 
And thus her difmal errand did relate ; 

" What* 

Ins Itafce* )** otnf%\i * 

Batkanw, tfat ere your prated «*& y*ft MM^ 
My enrib ftnll faraely be fcttU 4> 
Fierce inane h your k*, for thi* niitik*d, 355 

«&edmc*d to grind the pfctetoa wbkh you 4ML 
She the nagjkbouring for*A a**m 
Our coinage fail* us, and our tears renew* 
Hopeless n> via by war, to prayer* \ve faUf. 
And on tV'O&nded harpies humbly call. jn(| 

tAad whether jodi or birds obJceae they wtrt* 
Our yawt for pardon and for peter prefer* 
But old Anchifcs, offering facriiicc, 
And lifting up to heaven his hand* ami rycs> 
Ador'd the. greater gods : Avert, laid he, 
Theft omens j render vain thin prophecy \ 
And, from th? impending curie, a pious jKiopI 
Thus having faid, he bids mh put tci fcitf 
We loofcfroni more our haufcr* unci ohry 
And foon^with fwelling faiU, purfuc our wafcry 
Amidft our courfe Zacynthian wood* uj>prm j 
And next by rocky Nemos v»c i'u <j ■. 
1 1 

1 T»*9 

wopk fttr. J 

'"■ \ 

*arcry*iiy. j 


"We fly from Ithaca's dete'fted more, 
And curfe the land which dire Ulyfles bore. 
At length Leucate's cloudy top appears, 35$ 

And the fun's temple, which the failor fears. 
Refolv'd to breathe a while from kbour paft, 
Our crooked anchors from the prow we caft, 

^Qjid joyful to the little city hafte. 
Here fafe, beyond our hopes, our vows we pay j*o 
To Jove, the guide and patron of our way. 
The cuftems of our country we purfue, 
And Trojan games on A£Han fhores renew. 
Qijr youth their naked limbs befmear with oil, 
And exercife the wreftlers noble toil. 365 

Pleas 'd to have fail'd fo long before the wind,' 
And left fo many Grecian towns behind. 
The fun had now fulfilled his annual courfe, 

t^Afd Boreas on the feas difplay'd his force : 
I fix'd upon the temple's lofty door 37* 

The brazen fhield which vanquifhM Abas bore : 
The verfe beneath my name and adtion fpeaks, 
Thefe arms ^Eneas took from conquering Greeks. 
Then I command to weigh ; the feamen ply 
Their fweeping oars, the fmoking billows fly. 375 
The fight of high Ph^acia foon we loft, 
,/V.nd ikim'd along Epulis' rocky coaft. 
Then to Chaonia's port our courfe we bend, 
And, landed, to Buthrotus, heights afcend. 
Here wondrous things were loudly blaz'd by fame, 3 80 
How Helenus reviv'd the Trojan name, 



jE N El S. Book III. 4$ 

*A& reign'd in Greece : That Priam's captive fon • 

* Succeeded Pyrrhus in his bed and throne. 
And fair Andromache, reftor'd by fate, 

-Once more was happy in a Trojan mate. 38$ 

I leave my gallies riding in the port, 

And long to fee the new Dardanian court. 
, 5y chance, the mournful queen, before the gate. 

Then folemniz'd her former hu (band's fate. 

Green altars, rais'd of turf, with gifts fhe crown'd, A 

And facred prieft& in order ftartd around, 

And thrice the name of haplefs Heftor found. 

The grove itfeif refembles Ida's wood, 

And Simois feem'd the well-diifembled flood. 
' But when, at nearer diftance, (he beheld 3-95 

My mining armour, and my Trojan fhield, 

Aftonifh'd at the fight, the vital heat 

* Forfakes her limbs, her veins no longer beat t 

She faints, ihe falls ; and, fcarce recovering (trength* 
Thus, with a faultering tongue, (he fpeaks at length* 

Are you alive, O goddefs-born ! (he laid, 
Or if a ghoft, then where is Hector's (hade ? 
At this (lie cad a loud and frightful cry : 
With broken words I made this brief reply : 
All of me that remains appears in light, 40^ 

I live ; if living be to loath the light. 

-No phantom ; but I drag a wretched lifej 
My fate refembling that of HecWs wife. 
What have you fuffer *4 fmce you loft your lord? . 

.By what ftrange bleflxngs are you now reflor'd ? 410 




St i 11. arc you He&or'Sj or is He£tar fled, 
And his remembrance loft in Pyrrhus' bed r 
With cyet dcjedTed, in a lowly time, 
Jlfrcr a mode A paufe, {he thus begun : 

Oh only happy maid of Priam's race, 41* 

Whom death dcliver'd-from the foes embrace ! 
Commanded on Achillea 1 tomb to die, 
Not fore'd, like us, to hard captivity j 
Or in a haughty mailer' a u to Jic\ 
In Grecian flvips unm i ere borne : 410 

Endur'd the vittor's lv ■ in'd ihc fcom i 

Thus I fu omitted -to t > pride 

Of PyrrhuG, more, a than a bride* 

<*ky*d with pofleifioi ok, my bed, 

And Hcleir'* loveJv night to wed. 415 

Th*' GgnM : : 

.arriage join'cL 
, wuug v.ivetic: , pierc a with deep defpair, 
And longing to redeem the prom is 1 d fair. 
Before ApoJUVs altar (lew the ravi flier. 430 

By Pyrrhus' death the kingdom we regain'd : 
At lead one half with Helenus remain'd ; 
Our part* from Chaon, he Chaonia calls: 
'-And names, from Pergamus, his rifing walls. 
But you, what Fates have lancfed on our coaft, 435 ; 
What gods ^ave fent <you, or what ftorms have tofs'cU 
Does young. Afcanius life and health enjoy, 
Sav'dfrom the ruins of unhappy Troy? ' 



JE N E I S. Book in. i 7 

O tell me how his mother's lofs he bears, 
What hopes are promis'd from his blooming years, 
How .much of Hector in his face appears ? 
She fpoke : and mix'd her fpcech with mournful cries : 
And fruitlefs tears came trickling from her eyes. 
At length her lord defcends upon the plain, 
In pomp attended with a numerous train : 445 

Receives his friends, and to the city leads, 
And tears of joy amidft his welcome fheds. 
Proceeding on, another ^ rov I ^ ee 5 
Or, in lefs compafs, Troy's epitome. 
A rivulet by the name of Xanthus ran : 450 

And I embrace the* Scaean gate again. 
My friends in porticos were cntertain'd, 
And feafts and pleafures through the city reign'd. 
The tables fill'd the fpacious hall around, 
And golden bowls with fparkling wine were crown 'd. 
Two days we pafs'd in mirth, till friendly gales, 
Blown from the fouth, fupply'd our fwelling fails. 
Then to the royal feer I. thus began : 
O thou who know'fl, beyond the reach of man, 
The laws of heaven, and what the ftars decree, 460 ' 
Whom Phoebus taught unerring prophecy, 
From his own tripod, and his holy tree : 
SkilTd in the wingM inhabitants of air, 
What aufpices their notes and flights declare : 
O fay ; for all religious rites portend 46 3 

A happy voyage, and a profperous end ; 
And every power and omen of the Iky 
Direct my courfe for deflin'd Italy. 
Vol. VI. C But 


l N 

fo. what dMgH* 1 ^ what CO"* 

The P^J* ** f^ an *3 . 475 7 

The &*># Cft«» to ** 2 A= Ud, V 


M N E I S, Bpok III. i 9 

Now mark the fig qs of future eafe and re 

And bear them, fafely trcafnr'd in thy br 

When in tlic (bady flicker of a wood, 500 

And near the margin of a gentle flood, 

Thou ihalt behold a fuw upon the ground, 

"With thirty fucking young cncompaiVd round j 

The dam and offspring white as failing fnow : 

Thefc on thy city mall their name beftow, 

And there fliall triid i fl y labour and thy woe, 

Kor let the threat 'ned F »miue fright thy mind, 

For Phoebus vull afliil ;md fate the way will find. 

Let hot thy c«surfe to tfrat ill coaft be bent, 

Whfch fronts frorn far th* Epirian continent j 51^ 

Thole part rt re all by Grecian foes pofiefVd : 

Th* favage Locnans ■ re the Hi ores in » eft. 

There fierce Jdomnnei * his city builds, 

And guards, with an , the Salenrinian fields. 

And on the mountain row Petiiia ft and 5, 

V^fcich Ftulot seres wi „ ,.is troops commands. 

Ev'n jtfhen thy fleet h landed on the flmre* 

And priefts with holy vows the gods adore j 

Then iviih a purple veil involve your ey c& i 

Let hoftile faces bjafl the (acrince. 5 10 

Thefe rkca and cuftoms to the reft commend, 

That to your pious race they, may defcendv 

When parted hence, the wind that ready spits 
For Sicily, mall bear you to the ft f ait a ; 
'Where jgwroud jPelorus qpes a wider. w a y , 5 2^ 

T#ck to the larboard, ajuWWd of to fea : 

«' Oa - Veer 



Veer ft ar board fea and land. TV Italian ihore f 
And fair Si tilings coaft were one, before 
An earthquake caused the flaw, the roaring tides 
The pa (Tage broke, that land from land divides ; 530 
And where the lands retired, the ruining ocean rides. 
Diftmguifc'd by the ftraits, on either hand, 
Now riling cities in long order ftand, 
And fruitful fields (fo much can time invade 
The mou Ideri ng work that be a uteou s natu re m ade ) . 535 
Far on the right, her dogs foml Scylla hides : 
Charybdis roaring on the left prefides j 
And in her greedy whirjpool fueks the tides" 1 
Then fpouts them from below j- with fury driven; 
The waves mount up, and waflnthe face of heaven! 
■ B ut Sc y Ua f rom her den , w i th open j aw s , -540 

The finking veflel in her eddy draws 1 
Then dafhes on the rocks : a human face, 
And \irgin-bufom ? hides her tail** diTgracc. 
Her parts obfeene below the waves defcend,* * §4.5 
With dogs inclos'd, and in a dolphin enb\ *■ 4. 
*Tis fafer, then, to bear aloof to fea, * 

And coaft Pachynus, though with more delay ; 
Than once to view mifhapen Scylla near, 
And the loud yell of watery wolves to hear, .* 530 

Befides, if faith to Helenus be due, 
And if prophetic Phoebus tell me true, . J 

Do not this precept of your friend forget-: 
Which therefore more than once I'tnuft repeat. 
Above the reft, great Juno's name adore : 555 

Pay vows to Juno 5 Juno's aid implore. 


Boor 111, u 

Let gifts be to the mighty queen dclign'd t 
And mollify with prayers her haughty mind, 
Tims , at the length, your paUa^c fliall he free, 
And you ihaJl fafe defcend on Italy. 560 

Arrived at Cum a 1 , when you view the flood ■ 
Of black Avcrnuj, and the founding wood, 
The mad prophetic fibyl you that) find, 
Dark in a cave, and on a rock rcclin'd, 
She fings the fates, and, in her frantic fits, 565 

The notes and names irhcriW, to kiivv* commits. 
What flic commits to leaves, in order In id, 
Before the cavern's entrance are dilpfoyM 1 
Umnov-'d they lie : hut if a btetf of wind 
Without, or vapours UEhc from behind, 570 

The leaves are borne aloft in liquid mi, 
And fhc rtfumes no more her 11111111111 caffl 1 
Nor gathers from the rocks her fcuttcr'd verft : 
Nor fets in order what the wittth difpedc. 
Thits, many not fuccecding, moft upbraid 575 
The tnaJncfa of the villonary maid ; 
And, with loud curfcv, leave the my ft it; OiaJc* 

Think it not loft of time a while to flay ; 
Though thy companions chide thy long delay 1 
Though fummon'd to the feat, though ple;ifing galea 
Invite thy courfe, and ftretch thy /welling fail*, 
But beg the facted prieftefr to relate 
With fweiling words, and not to write thy fate 
The fierce Italian people fhc will fhow j 
And all thy wars and ail thy future woe ; jfc 

And what thou may 'ft avoid, and what mull undergo 

C 3 bhc 


V>- J 



She (hall direct thy courfc » mfttuft thy mind ; 
And teach thee how the happy Ihoresi to find. 
This is what heaven allows me to relate : 
Now part in peace j piirfuc thy berter fate, 5 $v 

And raife, by ftrength of arms, the Trojan ttate j 

This when the prieft with friendly voice declared. 
He gave me lieenfe, and rich gifts prcpar'd : 
Bounteous of ti'eafurej he Aippl.y*d my want 
With heavy gold , and poIifiVd elephant. 595 

Then bodona:an caldrons put on board, 
And every (hip with fums of (ilver ftor'd. 
A trufty coat of mail to me he fenr, 
Thrice chain* d with gold, for nfe and ornament ; 
The helm of Pyrrhus added to the reft, 600 

Then fjouriftVd with a plume and waving creit. 
Nor was my fire forgotten, nor my friends : 
And large recruits he to my navy fends j 
Men, horks, captains, arms, and warlike ft ores ? 
Supplies new pilots* and new fweeping oars- 605 

Mean time my fire commands to hoift our fails ; 
Left we flionld lofe the firft aufpicious gales. 
The prophet bled the parting crew : and laft, 
With words like thefe, his ancient friend embrae'd. 
Ola" happy man, the care of gods above, 610 

Whom heavenly Venus honour'd with her love, 
And twice preferv'd thy life when Troy was loft, 
Behold from far the wifti'd Aufonian coaft : 
'there land j but take a larger compafs round ; 
For that before is all forbidden ground. 615 


M N E I S* Book II *j 

The fhore that Phtsbus has dcfignM for j 

At farther diftance lie*, conceal'd from i 

Go happy hence, and ieek your new abo _., j 

BlelVd in a ibn, and favour 'd by the god a 

For I with uTdcft word* prolong your ft^ ; 629 

When fbuthera gale* have Cu nun on '4 you away* 

Nor lefs the queen our parting thence deplor'd ; 
Nor was lefs bounteous than her Trojan lord* 

A noble preieut to m * l ght> 

A robe with flowers ■__ ^ :n tnfuc wrought j 62$ 
A Phrygian veft ; aa ide- 

Of precious texture, _£ 

Accept, Hie laid, the .jonumunts m love; 
Which in my youth r .J\ happier hand.; 1 wove : 
Regard thefc trifles f .e givers fake ; .630 

*Ti* the laft prefent ,or*H wife can make. 
Thou cairn my loft nax to mind t 

In thee hi* features 1 .^ form J find. 
His eyes fo fparkled . a hvely flame j 
Such were bis motloi u , .ach was all his frame ; 635 
And, ah } had heaven fo pleasM, his year& had been 
the lame. 

With tears I took my lad adieu, and faid, 
Your fortune, happy fair, already made, 
Leaves you no farther wifli : my different ftate, 
Avoiding one, incurs another fate. 649 

To you a quiet feat the gods allow, 
You have no mores to fearch, no feas to plow» 
Nor fields of flying Italy to chace : 
(Deluding vifions, and a vain embrace !) 

C 4 You 



You fee another Simois, and enjoy 645 

The labour of your hands, another Troy ; 

With better aufpice than her ancient towers, 

And tefs obnoxious to the Grecian powers. 

If c T er the gods, whom I with vows adore, 

Conduct my flops to Tiber's happy (bore I 650 

If ever t afcend the Latian throne, 

And buiM a city I may call my own, 

As both* of us our birth from Tray derive, 

So let our kindred lines in concord live ; 

And both in afts of equal friendfhip ftmre. 655 

Our fortunes, good or bad, (hall be the fame, 

The double Troy ftiall differ but in Dame: 

That what we now begin, may never end j 

But long* to late pofterity defcend. 

Near the Ceraunian rocks our courfe we bore 660 
(The ihortert patTagc to rh" Italian ftiore). 
Now had the fun withdrawn hb radiant light, 
And hills were hid in dulky fhades of night, 
We land : and, on the bofom of the ground, 
A fafe retreat and a bare lodging found ; 
Clofe by the fhore we lay ; the failors keep 
Their watches, and the reft fecurely deep. 
The night, proceeding on with f.lent pace, 
Stood in her noon, and view'd with equal face 
Her fteepy rife, and her declining race. 670^ 

Then wakeful Palinurus rofe, to fpy 
The face of heaven, and the nocturnal iky ; 
And liften'd every breath of air to try j 



M N E I S. Book III. ij 

Obferves the fhrs, and notes their Hiding 
The Pleiads j Hyadi, and their watery for 675 

And both the bears is careful to behold > 
And bright Orion arm'd with bumifh'd gold. 
Then, when he faw no threatening tempeft nigh t 
But a fure promife of a fettled iky - t 
He gave the fign to weigh : we break our fleep $ 680 
Foriake the pleafing ihore, and plow the deep. 
And now the riling morn, with rofy light, 
Adonis the flues, and M tfi the ftars to flight : 
When we fix>m far, \\ bluifli mifts, defcry 
The hills, and then the plains of Italy, 685 

Achates firft pronounc n d the joyful found j 
Then Italy the chcarft crew rebound - 7 
My fire Anchties crown'd a cup with wine, 
And offering, thus in plor'd the powers divine ; 
Ye gods, presiding over lands and feas, 69* 

And you who raging i inds and waves appeauY, 
Breathe on our fwdlin fails a prosperous wind, 
And fmooth our paJTage to the port aflignM. 
The gentle gale* their flagging force renew ; 
And now the happy harbour is in view. 695 

Minerva's tempie then laiutcs our ugm ; 
Plac'd as a land-mark, on the mountain's height ; 
We furl our fails, and turn the prows to fhorej 
The curling waters round the galleys roar j 
The land lies open to the raging eaft, 700 

Then, bending like a bow, with rocks comprefs'd, 
Shuts out theftorms ; the winds and waves complain, 
And vent their malice on the cliffs in vain. 



The port lies hid within; on either fide 

Two towering rpeks the narrow mouth divide, 7G5 

The temple , which aloft wc view'd before, 

To (lift a nee flics, and fecms to Hum the Ihore. 

Scarce landed, the lirft omens 1 beheld 

Were four white deeds that cropp'd the flowery iield* 

War, war h threaten *d from this foreign ground, 7 1# 

(My father cry'd) where warlike ftaeds are found, 

Yct T fmce reclaim 'd to chariots they fubmit, 

And bend to ftubborn yokes, and champ the bit, 

Peace may fuccccd to war. Our way we bend 

To Pallas, and the facred hilts afcend. 715 

There proftrate to the fierce virago pray s 

Whofc temple was the tand-mark of our war. 

Each with a Phrygian mantle veil'd his head j 

And all commands of Hdcnus obcy'd j 

And pious rites to Grecian Jono paid. 

Thefe dues perform' d, we ftrctch our fails, and Hand 

To fea> forfaking that fnfpecled land, 

From hence Tarentum's bay appears in view ; 

For Hercules renownM, if fame be true. 

Juft oppofite, Lacinian Juno ftands : 725 

Caulonian towers, and Scylacaean ftrands 

For fhipwricks fear'd : Mount ^Etna thence we fpy, 

Known by the fmoky flames which cloud the fky. 

Far off we hear the waves with furly found 

Invade the rocks, the rocks their groans rebound. 730 

The billows break upon the founding ftrand j 

And roll the rifing tide, impure with land. 

4 Then 



A*J thofe the jm* ^ 

Fiiii PabawTt* fi> the lai anaid «Btrr'd ; 

Thai all thr ifeei by sxi e«*-»pk fticr '4* 

To braves aloft em ndf < *«r ct vi fide * 

Then don t*be j tic" ■ wfcea thet emit, 740 

Aad thrke our gftlfte twii ^ 

And tfcike ti>e holkm mcv'dthc 

Aud thrice wr &w d *, ihst i*od wh dews 

The fiagpap w*ndi ft ns witii the fm ; 

a ftrAi wc rau >5 

The part capacwut, a -inrfroan viad, 

Ii to the fan of dun e £m paa'd. 

By tarn* * jw&dgr d«* tolls on high ; 

B J tars* hat embers f rr eatiaik £j ; 

Arwl flakes of moan6\ j m», cbvc Lick At % 
Oft from her bawd* nuffV cocks are thitnm, 
Axd thiTer*d by die force come pieeo-oaffci down. 
Oft liquid lakes of burning fulphur flow. 
Fed from the fay fprings that boil below. 
Encelado*, they lay, transfix'd by J ore, 755 

With blafted limbs came trembling from above : 
And where he fell, th' avenging father dxew 
This flaming hill, and on his body threw : 
As often as he turns his weary fides, 
He makes the fohd ifle, and (moke the heavens hides. 








In frady woods we pafs the tedious night, 

Where bellowing founds and groans our foul e affright 

Of which no caufe is offer'd to the %ht. 

For not one ftar was kindled in the iky j 

Nor could the moon her borrowed light fnppLy ; 765 

For mifty clouds involv'd the firmament * 

The ftars were muffled, and the monn was pent* 

Scarce had the riling fun the day reveal' d \ 

Scarce had his heat the pearl y*dews difpcird \ 

When from the woods there bolts, before our fight, 

Somewhat betwixt a mortal and a fpright. 

So thin, fo ghaftly meagre, and fo wan, 

So bare of flefii, he fcarce refembfed man. 

Thii thing, al! tatter d, feenVd from far t*tm pi ore 

Our pious aid, and pointed to the fhore. 775 

We look behind ; then view his fliaggy beard j 

His cloaths were tagg'd with thorns, and fikh his limbs 

befmcarM \ 
Tlic rcftj in mien, in habit, and in face, 
Appear'd a Greek, and fuch indeed he was. 
He caft on us, from far, a frightful view, 780 

Whom foon for Trojans and for foes he knew 1 
Stood ftill, and paus'd ; thence all at once began 
To ftretch his limbs, and trembled as he ran. 
Soon as approach'd, upon his knees he falls, 
And thus,, with tears and fighs, for pity calls : 785 
Now by the powers above, and what we mare 
From nature's common gift, this vital air, 
O Trojans, take me hence ; I beg no more, 
But bear mc far from this unhappy more ! 


"JENEIS. Book III. 19 

'Tis true, I am f a Greek, and farther, own, 79© 

Among your foes befiegM th' imperial town ; 

For fuch demerits if my death be due, 

No more for this abandoned life I fue : 

This only favour let my tears obtain, 
. To throw me headlong in the rapid main s 795 

m v Since nothing more than death my crime demands : 
• I die content, to die by human hands, 
•vtle faid, and on his knees my knees embrac'd : 
■'I bade him* boldly tell his fortune paft; 
- His prefent ftate, -his lineage, and his name; 800 

.Th' occafion of his fears, and whence he came. 

* The good Anchifes rais'd him with his hand ; 
Who,- thus encouraged, anfwer'd our demand : 
From Ithaca my native foil I came 

To Troy, and Achaemenides my name. 805 

1 Me, my poor father with Ulyfles fent j 

* (Oh had I ftay'd with poverty content !) 
But, fearful for themfelves, my countrymen 
Left me forfaken in the Cyclops' den. 

The cave, though large, was dark ; the difmal floor 
Was pav'd with mangled limbs and putrid gore. 
Our monftrous hoft, of more than human fize, 
Erech his head, and ftares within the flues, 
Bellowing his voice, and horrid is his hue. 
Ye gods, remove this plague from mortal view ! 815 
The joints of (laughter' d wretches are his food t 
And for his wine he quaffs the ft reaming blood. 
Thcfe eyes beheld, when with his fpaciout hand 
He feiz'd two captives of our Grecian band ; 

4 StretcVd 


Stretched on his back, he dafh'd againii the ftontri S20 
Their broken bodies, and their crackling hones ; 
With fpouting blood the purple pavement fwims^ 
While the dire glutton grinds the trembling limbs. 
Not unrevcog'd, Uiyfles bore their fate 
Nor thoughtlefs of his own unhappy Hate ? 815 

For, gorged with fteih, and drunk with human wine, 
While fait afleep the giant lay fupiae t 
Snoring aloud, and belching from his maw 
His indigested foam, and merle Is raw : 
We pray, wc call the lots, and then furround 830 
The mouftrous body, ftretch'd along the ground : 
Each, as he could approach him, lends a hand 
To bore his eyeball with a flaming brand ; 
Beneath his frowning forehead lay bi$ eye 
(For only one did the vail frame iuppiy) ; 835 

But that a globe fo large, his front it fill'd. 
Like the fun's diflc, or like a Grecian flneld. 
The ftroke fucceeds $ and down the pupil bends ; 
This vengeance follow'd for our ilaughter'd friends.* 
But Ifafte, unhappy wretches, halte to fly ; 840 

Your cables cut, and on your oars rely. 
Such and fo vail as Poiypheme appears, 
A hundred more this hated ifland bears : 
Like him, in caves they fliut their woolly fheep ; "1 
i^ike him, their herds on tops of mountains keep 5 845 I 
Like him, with mighty fbrides, they ftalk from«fteep f 
to fteep. J 

And now three moons their iharpenM horns renew. 
Since thus in woods and wilds, obfeure from view, 

I drag 

JE N E I S, Book lit 31 

I drag my loathfome days with mortal frig 
And, in deforced caverns, lodge by night. 850 

Oft from the rocks a dreadful prolpcft fee 
Of the huge Cyclops like a walking tree : 
From far I hear his thundering voice refound ; 
And trampling feet that fliake the folid ground. 
Cornel* and fa v age berries of the wood, 855 

And roots and herbs* have been toy meagre food. 

While all around my longing eves are caft, 
I faw your happy ihips appear at lait ; 
On tfiofe 1 fiVd my hopes, to thefe I run* 
"Tis all I afltj this cruel race to fhun : 860 

What other death you pleafe yourfelves, beftow. 
Scarce had he Arid, when, on the mountain's brow, 
Wc faw the giant -flicpherd ftalk before 
His following flock, and leading to the fhore. 
A monftrous bulk, de "n*d, 6eprtv J d of fight, 8^5 
Hb ftafF a trunk of p to guide his fteps aright 
His ponderous whittle 3m his neck dc fee nd 5 ; 
His woolly care their penfive lord attends : 
This only folace Bis hard fortune fends. 
. Soon as he reaehM the (here, and touch'd the waves, 
From bis bor'd eye the guttering blood he laves : 
He gnafh'd his teeth and groan'd ; through feasheftrides, 
And fcarce the topmaft billows touch his (ides. 

Seiz*d with a fudden fear, we run to fea, 
The cables cut, and fderit hafte away : 875 

The well-defervirigrftranger entertain $ 
Then, buckling to the work, our oars divide the main. 





The giant hearkened to the daffiing found ; 

But when our veflels out of reach he found, 

He ftrided onward j and in vain eOay'd g$# 

Th* Ionian deep, and durft no farther wade. 

With that he rt>ar*d aloud : the dreadful cry 

Shakes earth, and air, and feas ; the billows fly, 

Before the bellowing noiic, to oiftant Italy * 

The neighbouring /Etna trembling all around ; 88 ^ 

The winding caverns echo to the found. 

His brother Cyclops hear the yelling roar ? 

And , ru thing down the mountains, croud the fhore. 

We faw their ftern diftorted looks from far. 

And one-cy'd glance, that vainly threatened war. 890 

A dreadful council with their heads on high ; 

The mifty clouds about their foreheads fly ; 

Not yielding to the towering tree of Jove, 

Or tailed cypreft of Diana's grove* 

New pangs of mortal fear our mind :> aflail, 895 

We tug at every oar, and hoiit up every fail ; 

And take th* advantage of the friendly gale. 

Forewarn'd by Helenus, we ftrive to fliun 

Charybdis' gulph, nor dare to Scylla run. 

An equal fate on either fide appears ; 900 

We, tacking to the left, are Ti ee from fears : 

For from Pelorus* point, the 'jiQith arofe, 

And drove us back where iwify Pan tagias flows. 

His rocky mouth we pafs, and niake our way 

By Thapfus, and Megara's winding bay ; 905 

This paflage Achaemenides had mown, 

Tracing the courfe which he before had run. ~" 




JE N £ I S. Book III- 

Rigbt o'er againft Plcmmyrium'* naierr f 

There Jics an iflc* once calTd th* Ortrgxan 

>us, as old fame reports* has found i 910 

From Greece a fecm patfage under ground ? 
By love to beauteous Amhuk led* 
And raiogliag here, they roll in the fame fefld bed. 
A s Helen us enjoin'd, we next adore 
Diana's name, prott£trds of the ihore. 915 

With profperous gales we pais the quiet (bunds 
Of rlil J Elorus, and his fruitful bounds 
Then doubling Cape Paehyaus, we furvcy 
The rocky more extended to the lea* 
The town of Camarmc from far we fee : 910 

And fenny lake undmin'd by fates decree. 
In fight of the Gel can fields we pafs, 
And the large walls, where mighty Gcla was : 
Then Agragas with lo ly fumnuts erown'd ; 
Long for the raee of v jrtike ft ted 5 renown *d s 915 
We pafs*d Sclun»» and the palmy land, 
And widely flmn the Litybean ftrand* 
Unfafe, for feeret rocks , and moving fand. 
At length on Hi ore the weary fleet arrivM: 
Which Drepan urn* s unhappy port rcceivM. 930 

Here, after endlefs labours, often toft 
By raging ftorms, and driven on every coaft, 
My dear, dear father, /pent with age, I loft. 
Eafe of my cares and folace of my pain, 
Sav'd through a thiufand toils, but fav'd in vain. 935 
The prophet, who my future woes rcvcaPd, 
Yet this, the greateft and the worft conccal'd. 
Vol. VI. D 



And dire Celicno, whofc foreboding Jkill 
Denounce d all elie t was filent of this III : 
This my laft labour was. Some friendly god 94a 
From thence convey'd us to your bleft abode* 

Thus, to the ii fieri ing queen, the royal gueft 
His wandering courfe, and ail his toils exprefs'd* 
And here concluding, he retird to reft* 



Dido difcovers to her fitter her paflion for -ffineas, and 
her thoughts of marrying him i fhe prepares a hunt- 
ing -match for his entertainment, Juno f by Venus'* 
content, raifes a ftorm, which feparates the hunters , 
and drives .ffineas and Dido uieo the fame cavc t 
where their marriage is fuppofed to be com pleated* 
Jupiter difpatches Mercury to JEueas t to warn him 
from Carthage : -^Bneas fecretly prepares for his 
voyage : Dido finds out his defign ,• and, to put a (lop 
to it, makes ufe of her own and her fitter's intrea- 
ties, and difcovers all the variety of paflions that 
are incident to a neglected lover: when nothing 
would prevail upon him, fhe contrives her own death, 
with which this book concludes. 

DUT anxious cares already feiz'd the queen : 
She fed within her veins a flame unfeen ; 



The hero's valour, afts, and birth, infpire 

Her foul with love, and fan the fecrct fire. 

His words, his looks imprinted in her heart, 5 

Improve the pafiion, and mere aft the fmart- 

Now when the purple mem had chas'd away 

The dewy Oiadows, and reftoi'd the day, 

Her filter ftrft with early care fhe fought, 

And thus j in mournful accents, caaM her thought : to 

My deartft Anna, what new dreams affright 

My labouring foul ; what vifions of the night 

Difturb my quiet, and difixncl my breaft 

With ft range ideas of our Trojan gueft ? 

His worth, his &£tions, and majeftic air, 1 5 

A man defeended from the gods declare. 

Fear ever argues a degeneme kind, 

His birth is welt afferted by his mind. 

Then what he fuffer'd, when by Fate betray 'd, 

What brave attempts for falling Troy he made 1 *o 

Such were his looks, fo gracefully he fpoke, 

That, were I not refolvM againft the yoke 

Of haplefs marriage, never to be curs'd 

With fecond love, fo fatal was my firft, 

To this one error I might yield again : 25 

For fince Sichaeus was untimely flain, 

This only man is able to fubvert 

The fix'd foundations of my flubborn heart. 

And, to confefs my frailty, to my frame, 

Somewhat 1 find within, if not the fame, 30 

Too like the fparkles of my fonner flame. 



Book IV. 37 

But fidl, to yawning earth a paflage n 
And ktmc through the dark abyfs defter 
Firit let avenging Jove, with flames from high, 
Drive down this body to the nether fkj\ 35 

Condemned with ghofts in end left night to lie, 
Before I break the plighted faith I gave : 
No; he who had my vows, ihall ever have; 
For whom I bv'd on earth, T worth ip in the grave > 

She fatid ; the tears ran gufliing from her eyes, 40 
And ftopp'd her fpecch. Her filler thus replies 1 

dearer than the viral air 1 breathe, 

Will you to grief yow blooming years bequeath ? 
Condemned to wafte in woes your lonely life, 
Without the joys of mother or of wife } 45 

Think you thefe tears, this pompous train of woe, 
Are known or valued by the ghoft below ? 

1 grant, that while y&*r for rows yet were green. 
It well became a worn and a queen 

The vows of Tyrian pnnces to ncgleCt, 

To fcorn Ilirbas, and his love re jeer \ 

With all the Libyan lords of mighty name ; 

But will you fight againft a pleafing flame ? 

This little fpot of land, which heaven beftows, 

On every fide is hemm'd with warlike foes : 5 5 

Gctulian cities here are fpread around ; 

And fierce Numidians there your frontiers bound ; 

Here lies a barren wafte of thirfty land, 

And there the Syrtes raife the moving fand : 

Barcaean troops befiege the narrow more, 60 

And from the fea Pygmalion threatens more* 

D 3 Pro- 



Propitious heaven, and gracious Juno, lead 

This wandering navy tu your needful aid ; 

How will your empire fprcad, your city rife 

From fueh an union, and with fuch allies 1 65 

Implore the favour of the powers above. 

And leave the conducl of the reft to love. 

Continue ft ill your hofpi table way, 

And ftiil invent occasions of their flay ; 

Til I rtorms and winter winds (hall ceafe to threat, 70 

And planks and oars repair their matter' d fleet, 

Thcfc words , which from a friend and Gfter came, ' 
With eafe rcfbh'd the fcruples of her fame, 
And added fury to the kindled flame. 
Infpir'd with hope, the project they purfue ; 75 

On every altar facrifice renews 
A chofen ewe of two-years old they pay 
To Ceres, Bacchus, and the god of day : 
Preferring Juno's power : for Juno tics 
The nuptial knot, and makes the marriage joys. 80 
The beauteous queen before her altar (lands, 
And holds the golden goblet in her hands. 
A milk-white heifer fhe with flowers adorns, 
And pours the ruddy wine betwixt her horns 5 
And while the priefts with prayer the gods invoke, 85 
She feeds their altars with Sabaean fmoke. 
With hourly care the facrifice renews, 
And anxioufly the panting entrails views. 
What prieftly rites, alas ! what pious art, 
What vows avail to cure a bleeding heart ! 90 

4 A gentle 

M K E I 5. Book 1 39 

A geatle ftn* fee feeds within her reins, 
Wbcrt tlic foft god fetttre in fclence rc?i 

Skk nidi <k£re, and tccking him flie loves, 
From ftrcet to llrtet the raving Dido roves* 
So when the watchful thepherd from the blind, 95 
Wounds with a random (haft the carcltfs hind, 
Di£ra&ed with her pain (he flics the woods. 
Bound* o'er the lawn, and fecks the fiknt floods \ 
With Ftuidefs care; for tfill the fatal dart 
Sticks in her fide, and rankles in her heart, \09 

And now ihe leads the Trojan chief along 
The lofty wetls ( amid ft the bufy throng ; 
Difplays her Tyrian wealth and rifmg town, 
Which love, without his labour > makes his own. 
This pojnp ihe fhows to tempt her wandering ^ucll j 
H*r faltering tongue forbids to fpeak the reft. 
When day declines, and ft arts renew the night, 
Still on his face {he cd« her fami/h'J fight t 
She longs again to lw»r the prince relate 
His own adventures, and the Trojan fate j 110 

He tells it o'er and o'er : but ft ill in vain ; 
For ftill fhfi begs to hear it once again. 
The hearer on the fpeaker's mouth depends ; 
And thus the tragic ftory never ends. 

Thus, when they part, when Phcebe's paler light 1 1 5 
Withdraws, and falling liars to deep invite, 
She laft remains, when every gueft is gone, 
Sits on the bed he preuVd, and fighs alone 5 
Abfent, her abfent hero fees and hears, 
Or in her bofom young Afcanius bears : 120 

D 4 And 


And fceks the father's image in the child, 
If love bv iikenefs might be ib beguil'd. 

Mean time the rifing towers arc at a ftaud : 
No labours excrcife the youthful band r 
Nor ufc of arts nor toils of arms they know ; 1*5 

The mole is left unfinlfrVd to the foe* 
The mounds, the works, die walls r ncglcfted lie. 
Short of their promised height that iLcm T d to threat the 

But when imperial Juno, from above, 
Snw Dido fetter 'd in the chains of Jove , 130 

Hot with the venom which her veins inflanVd, 
And by no fenic of ihame to be redaim'd, 
With toothing words to Venus me begun : 
High praifes, eadk'fs honours you have won, 
And oi if hey trophies with your worthy fon % in 

Two gods a ftlJy woman have undone. 
W01 Mi I ignorant, you both fuiptiii 
This rifing city, which my hands ere£t : 
But mall eclcftial difcord never ceafe ? 
'Tis better ended in a lading peace. 140 

You ftand poflefs'd of all your foul defir'd $ 
Poor Dido, with confuming love, is fir'd : 
Your Trojan with my Tyrian let us join, 
So Dido ihall be yours, j^Eneas mine : 
One common kingdom, one united line. 
Eliza mall a Dardan lord obey, 
And lofty Carthage for a dower convey. 




M N E I S. Book IV. 

Then Venus, who her hidden fraud defer 
(Which would the fceptre of the world rr 
To Libyan (bores), thus artfully reply' d s 
Who but a fool would wan with Juno choofc, 
And fueh alliance and fuch ^ifts re rule ? 
If Fortune with our joint dcGrcs comply: 
The doubt is all from Jove, and Deftmy ; 
J^eft he forbid with abfolute command, 155 

To mix the people in one common knd. 
Or will the Trojan and the Tynan lint. 
In lafting league* and fure fuccefiion join } 
Bur you, the partner of his bed and throne, 
JMav move his mind j my wimes are your own* 160 
Mine, faid imperial Juno, be the care; 
Tithe urges now to perfect this affair : 
A trend my couniel, and the frc-ret ft are. 
When next the fun hiss fifing light dlfplays, 
*And gildi the world below with purple rays ; 165 

The queen, -/Eneas, and the Tynan court. 
Shall to the ftiady woods, for fylvan game, refort. 
There, while the huntfmen pitch their toils around, 
And chcarful horns, from fide to fide, refound, 
A pitchy cloud fhall cover all the plain 1 70 

With hail and thunder, and tempeftuous rain : 
The fearful train (hall take their ipeedy flight, 
Difpers'd, and all involv'd in gloomy night : 
One cave a grateful fhelter ihall afford 
To the fair princefs and the Trojan lord. 17$ 

I will myfelf the bridal bed prepare, 
If you, to blefs the nuptials, will be there : 



So fliall their lovet be crown'd with due delights, 
And Hymen ihall be prefent at the rites. 
The queen of love confents, and clofely fmiles x8o 
At her vain projeft, and difcoverM wiles. 

The rofy morn was rifen from the main. 
And horns and hounds awake the princely train : 
They iflue early through the city gate, 
Where the more wakeful huntfmen ready wait, i8§ 
With nets, and toils, and darts, befide the force 
Of Spartan dogs, and fwift Maflylian horfe. 
The Tyrian peers and officers of ftate 
For the (low queen in anti- chambers wait : 
Her lofty courier in the court below 190 

(Who his majeftic rider feems to know), 
Proud of his purple trappings, paws the ground, 
And champs the golden bit, and ipreads the foam 

The queen at length appears : on either hand 
The brawny guards in martial order ftand. 195 

A flower'd cymarr, with golden fringe fhe wore 5 
And at her back a golden quiver bore : 
Her flowing hair a golden caul reftrains ; 
A golden clafp the Tyrian robe fuftains. 
Then young Afcanius, with a fprightly grace, 20* 
Leads on the Trojan youth to view the chace. 
But far above the reft in beauty mines 
The great ^Eneas, when the troop he joins : 
Like fair Apollo, when he leaves the froft 
Of wintery Xanthus, and the Lycian coaft : 20$ 


JNEI S. Book IV- 4J 

When to bis native Delos he re forts, 
Ordains the dances, and renews the fporti 
Where painted Scythians, mix'd with Cretan bands, 
Before the joyful altars join their hands. 
Him J elf, on Cynthus walkings fees below gtO 

The merry roadnefs of the iacred ihow, 
G rcen wreaths of bays his length of hair inclpfe ; 
A golden fillet binds bis awful brows 5 
His quiver founds : not lefs the prince is fcen 
In man!? prefence, or in lofty miem ai$ 

Now had they reach'd the hill 5, and ftonrTd the feat 
Of fa v age beafts, in dens, their iaft retreat : 
The cry purfues the mountain -goats ; they bound 
From rock to rock, and keep the craggy ground : 
Quire other wife the ftags, a trembling train, 
J 11 herds unfinglcd, fcour the duily plain 1 
And a long chaee> in open view, maintain. 
The glad Afcanhis, as his courier guides, 
Spurs through the vale, and thefe and chafe outrides. 
His node's flanks and fides are fore'd to feel 2*5 

The clanking lafh, and goring of the fieel. 
Impatiently he views the feeble prey, 
Wi&ing fome nobler beaft to crofs his way j 
And rather would the tuflty boar attend, 
Or fee the tawny lion downward bend. 130 

Mean time the gathering clouds obfeure the ikies ; 
From pole to pole the forky lightning flies ; 
The rattling thunder rolls : and Juno pours 
A wintery deluge down, and founding ihowers. 


zio > 


The company difpers'd, to covert* rife, 1J5 

Arid leek the homely cots, or mountains hollow fide. 

The rapid rains, dcfecnding from the hills, 

To rolling torrents raife the creeping rills- 

The queen and prince, as love or fortune guides, 

One common cavern in her foofom hides. 140 

Then firft the trembling earth the fignal gave; 

And flaftiing hYes enlighten alt the cave : 

Hell from below, and Juno from above, 

And howling nymphs, were confeious to their love. 

From tliU ill-omen M hour, in time arofe 245 

Debate and death, and all fucceedtng woes. 

The queen, whom fenfe of honour couht not move, 
No longer made a fecret of her love ; 
But call'd it marriage, by that fpecious name 
To veil the crime, and fanclify the Jhame. z$q 

The loud report through Libyan cities goes; 
Fame, the great it!, from final] beginnings grows. 
Swift from the firft ; and every moment brings 
New vigour to her flights, new pinions to her wings. 
Soon grows the pygmy to gigantic fize ; 255 

Her feet on earth, her forehead in the flues : 
Inrag'd againft the gods revengeful earth 
Produc'd her laft of the Titan ian birth. 
Swift in her walk, more fwift her winged hafte : 
A monftrous phantom, horrible and vafi ; 260 

As many plumes as raife her lofty flight, 
So many piercing eyes enlarge her fight : 


Book IV, 

Million* of opening mouths to fame belon 

And every mouth is fiirnifh'd with a tong 

A nd rou nd with lift ening ears the fly i ng plague is hung 

She fills the peaceful univerfc with cries j 

No ft umbers ever clofe her wakeful eyes. 

By day from lofty towers her head fhe mews ; 

A nd fprcads, through trembling crouds , di fa ft rous ne ws , 

With court-informers haunts, and royal fpies, 170 

This done rdatcs, nor done fhe feigns j and mingles 

truth with lies. 
Talk h her bufmefs j and her chief delight 
To tell of prodigies, and caufc aftright, 
She fUb the people's ears with Dido's name j 
Who* J oft 10 honour* and the fenfe of fhame, 175 
Admits into her throne and nuptial bed 
A wandering guefl, who from his country fled : 
Whole days with him fhe paffes iii delights ; 
And waftes in luxury ong winter night?. 
Forgetful of her fame, and royal »ruft ; 280 

Diflblv'd in eafe, abandoned to her luft. 

The goddets widely fprcfi Is the loud report j 
And flies at length to king Hiarba's court. 
When firft poflefs*d with this unwelcome news, 
Whom did he not of men and gods accufe ? 285 

This prince, from ravifh'd Garamantis born, 
A hundred temples did with fpoils adorn, 
In Amnion's honour, his celeftial fire, * 
A hundred altars fed with wakeful fire 5 
And through his vaft dominions priefts ordain'd, 290 
Whofe watchful carcthefe holy rites maintained. 



The gates and columns were wick garlands crowned, 

And blood of viclim bcafts enrich the ground. 

He, when he heard a fugitive could move 
The Tynan prince fs, who difdain'd his lovc t 19$ 
His breaft with fury burn'd, his eyes with fire ; 
Mad with defpair, impatient with delire* 
Then on the facred altars pouring wine, 
He thus with prayers implor'd his fire divine j 
Great Jove, propitious to the MooriJh race, 300 

Who feaft on painted beds, with offerings grace 
Thy temples j and adore thy power divine 
With blood of victims, and with i'parkling wine ; 
Sccft thou not this ? or do we fear in vain 
Thy boafted thunder, and thy thoughtlefs reign ? 305 
Do thy broad hands the forky lightnings lance T 
Thine are the bolt3, or the blind work of chance ? 
A wandering woman builds, within our ft ate, 
A little town, bought at an eafy rate j 
She pays me homage, and my grants allow 51* 

A narrow fpace of Libyan lands to plough. 
Yet, fcoming me, by paffion blindly led, 
Admits a banifhM Trojan to her bed : 
And now this other Paris, with his train 
Of conquer'd cowards, muft in Afric reign ! 315 

(Whom, what they are, their looks and garb confefs ; 
Their locks with oil performed, their Libyan drefs :) 
He takes the fpoil, enjoys the princely dame } 
And I, rejected I, adore an empty name. 

His vows, in haughty terms, he thus preferred, 320 
And held his altar's horns : the mighty thunderer heard, 


JE N E I S. Book IV. 49 

Then eaft his eyes on Carthage, where lie I 

The luilful pair, in lawlcfs plcafure drowc 
l^ofl In their loves, infennble of frame, 

»And both forgetful of their better fame* 34c 

He calls Cyllenius ; and the god attends ; 
By whom his menacing command he fends : 
Go, mount the weftern winds, and cleave the iky ; 
Then, with a fwift defcent, to Carthage fly : 
There find the Trojan chief , who waftcs his days 330 
In flothful riot and inglorious cafe, 
Nor minds the future city, giv'n by fate; 
To him this menage from my mouth relate 7 
Not fo, fair Venus hop T d r when twice {he won 
Thy Life with prayers ; no r prom is VI fuch a fori- 33$ 
Her 7 5 was a hero, deft in" d to command 
A martial race $ and rule the Latian land. 
Who mould his ancient line from Teuccr draw ; 
And, on the conquer'd world", i mpofe die law. 
If glory cannot move a mind fb mean, 340 

Nor future praife from fading pleafure wean. 
Vet why fhould he defraud his fan of fame j 
And grudge the Romans their immortal name I 
What are his vain deJigns ? what hopes he more, 
From his long lingering on a hoftile Ihore ? 345 

Regardlefs to redeem his honour loft, 
And for his race to gain th' Aufonian coaft ! 
Bid him with fpeed the Tyrian court forfake ; 
With this command the (lumbering warrior wake. 

Hermes obeys ; with golden pinions binds 350 

His flying feet, and mounts the weftern winds : 



And whether o'er the feas or earth he flies, 

With rapid force they hear him down the ikies. 

But firft he grafps, within his awful hand, 

The mark of fovereign power, his magic wand : 355 

With this he draws the ghofb from hollow graves , 

With this he drives them down the Stvgian waves j 

With this he feals in fleep the wakeful fight ; 

And eyes, though cbs'd in death, reftorea to light. 

Thus arnVd, the god begins his airy race, 360 

And drives the racking clouds along the liquid fpace* 

Now fees the tops of Atlas, as he flies, 

Whofe brawny hack fupports the ftarry flties 5 

Atlas, whofe head, with piny forefts crown 'd, 

Js beaten by the winds, with foggy vapours bound, 365 

Snows hide his fhoulders ; from beneath his chin 

The founts of rolling ftreams their race begin ; 

A beard of ice on his large breaft depends : 

Here, pois'd upon his wings, the god defcends 1 

Then, refted thus, he from the towering height 370 

Plung'd downward, with precipitated flight : 

Lights on the feas, and {kirns along the flood : 

As water-fowl, who feek their fiflvy food, 

Lefs, and yet lefs, to diftant profpecr fhow, 

By turns they dance aloft, and dive below r 375 

Like thefe, the fteerage of his wings he plies, 

And near the furface of the water flies : 

Till, having pafs'd the feas, and crofs'd the fands, 

He clos'd his wings, and floop'd on Libyan lands r 

Where fhepherds once were hous'd in homely fheds, 3 80 

Now towers within the clouds advance their heads. 


..i ^JE N E I S. Book IV. 4 , 

Arriving there, he found the Trojan prince 

New ramparts raifing for the town's defence : 

A purple fcarf, with gold embroider'd o'er 

(Queen Dido's gift), about his wafte he wore j 385 

A fword with glittering gems diverfify'd, 

For ornament, not ufe, hung idly by his fide. 

Then thus, with winged words, the god began 

(Refuming his own fhape) : Degenerate man, 

Thou woman's property, what mak'ft thou here* 390 

Thefe foreign wails and Tyrian towers to rear ? 

Forgetful of thy own ? All-powerful Jove, 

Who fways the world below, and heaven above, 

Has fent me down, with this fevere command : 

What means thy lingering in the Libyan land ? 395 

If glory cannot move a mind fo mean, 

Nor future praife, from flitting pleafure wean, 

Regard the fortunes of thy rifing heir j 

The promis'd crown let young Afcanius wearj 

To whom th' Aufonian iceptre and the ftate • 400 

Of Rome's imperial name is ow'd by fate. 

So fpoke the god ; and fpeaking took his flight, 

lnvolv'4 in clouds 5 and vanitiYd out of fight. 

The pious prince was feiz'd with fudden fear; 
Mute was his tongue, and upright flood his hair j , 405 
Revolving in his mind the ftern command, 
He longs to fly, and loaths the charming land. 
What fhouid he fay, or how ihould he begin, 
What courfc, alas ! remains, to fleer between 
Th' offended lover, and the powerful queen ! 410 

Vol. VI. E This 


This way, and that, he turns his anxious mind, 

And all expedients tries, and none can find : 

Fix*d on the deed, hnt doubtful of the means ; 

After long thought, to this advice he leans t 

Three chiefs lie calls, commands them to repair 4(5 

The fleet, and fhip their men with file nt care : 

Some plaufible pretence he bids them fiod, 

To colour what in fecret he defign'd, 

Hlmielf, meantime, the foftrit hours would chooie. 

Before the love^fick lady heard the news ; 410 

And move her tender mind, by flow degrees, 

To fuller what the fovereign power decrees : 

Jove will infpire him, when, and what to fay. 

They hear with plcafare, and with hafte obey. 

But foon the queen perceives the thin diiguife : 4*5 
(What arts can blind a jealous woman's eyes ?) 
She was the firft to find the fecret fraud, 
Before the fatal news was blaVd abroad, 
Love, the firft motions of the lover hears, 
Quick to prefage, and ev'n in fafety fears. 430 

Nor impious fame was wanting, to report 
The mips repair'd ; the Trojans thick refort, 
And purpofe to forfake the Tynan court. 
Frantic with fear, impatient of the wound, 
And impotent of mind, Hie roves the city round t 435 
Lefs wild the Bacchanalian dames appear, ; 

When, from afar, their nightly god they hear, 
And howl about the hills, and (hake the wreathy fpear. 
At length flie finds the dear perfidious man ; 
Prevents his form'd excufe, and thus began : 440 




jtNEIS. Book IV. $t 

Bafe anil ungrateful, could you hope to fl 
And undiftjover'd *fcapc a lover's eye ? 
Nor couKi my kindnefs your companion rwi^ 
Nor plighted vows, nor dearer bands of lore } 
Or i> trie death of a defpairing queen 44* 

Not worth presenting, though too well foreiecn ? 
Ev'n when the wintcry winds command your ftav, 
You dare the rempeft, and defy the fea. 
Falfe as you are, fupp fe you were sot bound 
To land* unknown, a) d foreign coaits to found ; 459 
Were TVoy reftor*d, snd Praam's happy reign, 
Now*iurftymt tempt, for Troy, thE raging main ? 
See whom you fly ; am I the foe you flmn ? 
Now, by thoie holy vows lb lare begun, 
By this right hand (in cc I have nothing more 455 
To challenge, btrt the f^ith you gave before}, 
I beg you by the& teat >o truly fhed s 
By the new p leaf u res c : nuptial bed ; 
If ever Dido, when yc ift we r^e kind, 
Were pleating in your cjw, or touched your mind ; 
By thefe my prayer*, if prayers may yet have place ; 
Pity the fortunes of a falling race. 
For you I have provok'd a tyrant 1 a hate ; 
Ineens'd the Libyan and the Tyrian ftate j 
For you alone 1 fuffer in my fame ; 4G5 

Bereft of honour, and expo&'dto mame: 
Whom have I now to truft } (ungrateful gueft J 
That only name remains of all the reft ! ) 
What have I left, or whither can I fly | 
Muft I attend Pygmalion's cruelty * 4*7* 

E a Or 

hci J 



Or till Hiarbas fliall in triumph lead 
A queen, that proudly fcorn'd bis proffer'd led 
Had yon deferred, at leait, your hafiy Sight, 
And J eft behind fame pledge of our delight* 
Some babe to bleft the mother's mournful figh 
Some young JEmst to fupjdy your place ; 
Whgfe features might cxpreiV his. father's face ; 
1 mould not then complain* to live bereft 
Of all my hufhand, or be wholly left I 

H c re paut T d the queen \ u nmov ' d he hoi ds hureyet , 
By Jove' i command ; no/ fuffer'd love to rile, 
Though heaving in his heart j and thus at length 

icplie* : 
Fair queen, you never can enough repeat, 
Vour bound left favours, of I own my debt; 
Nor can my mind forget Eliza's name, 
While vital breath info ires this mortal frame. 
This only let me fpeak in my defence j 
I never hop'd a fee ret flight from hence : 
Much left pretended to the lawful claim. 
Of facred nuptials, or a huiband's name. . 499 

For if indulgent heaven would leave me free, 
And not fubmit my life to fate's decree, 
My choice would lead me to the Trojan more, • . 
Thofe relics to review, their dull adore ; 
And Priam's ruin'd palace to reftore. 495 

But now the Delphian oracle commands, 
And fate invites me to the Latian lands. 
That is the prqmiYd place to which I (leer, t 

And all my vows are. .terminated there. ■ --.. 

... ...... , , ^ 




JE N E I S, Book IV. 53 

If you, a Tyrlan, and a ftranger born, 500 

With walls and cowers a Libyan town adorn; 
Why may not we, like you a foreign race, 
Like you fcek me Iter in a foreign place ? 
As often as the night ob feu res the Odes 
With humid ihades, or twinkling ftars arife, 505 

Anchifes" angry ghoft in dreams appears , 
Chides my delay, and fills my foul with feats ; 
And young AJianlus juftly may complain, 
Of hb defrauded fate, acd dclltn'd reign. 
Ev-n now the herald of the gods appeared, 510 

Waking I faw him, and his meflage heard. 
From Jove he came commimWd, heavenly bright 
With radiant beams, and manifest to fight. 
The fender and the fent, I both attcft, 
The/e walls he enter'd, and thofe words expreis 'd : 515 
Fair queen, oppofe not what the gods command j 
Forc*d by my fate, I leave your happy land* 

Thus while he fpoke, already fhe began, 
With sparkling eyes, to view the guilty man t 
From head to foot furvcy'd his pcifon o*er, 520 

Nor longer thefe outrageous threats forL^re : 
Falfe as thou art, and more than FaJfe, forfworn j 
Not fprung from noble blood, nor god defs- born, 
But hewn from hard'ned catrails of a rock j 
And rough Hyrcani an tigers gave thee fuck* $£5 

Why iliould I fawn ? what have I worfe to fear } 
Bid he once look, or lent a iifteuing ear; 
Sigh'd when I fobVd, or med one kindly tear ? 

E 3 t AH 




AS tymptontt os a base 

So fool, dsstwftachis worfe, ^»knlt»fiai. 539 

Of m's 

The gods, and Jove 

Trnmi| wU P t' l y ji ob-, 

Nor Ja»o views iot wrongs widleqnel eyes; 

Fahiile&ucaiifc, andfaaideftaietieftio! 5*5 

jnioce 19 fled, and tran is now so mote- ; 

I far*d the mipmnV d exile on my inn s 

With needful food Ins htmgry Trojans M 1 

I took the traitor 10 my throne and bed t 

Fool that I was * — to Htrie to wu cn t 540 

The reft, I nWd and rigged Ins rum'd fleet. 

I rave, I ravel A god's comman d he pleads I 

And makes heaven acceflary to his deeds. 

Now Lycian lots, and now the Ddian god, 

Now Hermes is employ'd from Jove's abode, 545 

To warn him hence ; as if the peaceful flate 

Of heavenly powers were touch'd with human fate ! 

But go ; thy flight no longer I detain ; 

Co feek thy promised kingdom through the main 1 

Yet, if the heavens will hear my pious vow, 550 

The faithlefs waves, not half fo falfe as thou. 

Or fecret fends, (hall fepulchres afford 

To thy proud veflels and their perjur'd lord. 

Then (halt thou call on injur'd Dido's name : 

Dido wall come, in a black fuVphury flame ; 555 

When death has once duTolv'd her mortal frame : 





JB N E I S. Book W 

Shall fmih to fee the traitor vainly weep 

Her angry ghoit, ariiing from the deep* 

Shall haunt thee waking, and diflurb thy *«v r 

At ieall my made thy ptmi/hment mall know ; 560 

And fame mall fpread [he pleating news below* 

Abruptly here fhe flops 1 then turns away 
Her loathing eyes, and ihuns the fight of day. 
Amai'd he flood, revolving in his mind 
What fpeech to frame, ■.»« what excufe to find- 565 
Her fearful maids the ating mi it ids led \ 
And foftly laid her or i 

But good -flineaa, ^1 1 

To give that pity, wh u ^_. 

Though much he m ol ii his love f 

ReTolv'd at length, ol ... 
Reviews his forces ; U^y w*ui *— - v - 
Unmoor their vetlds, nd for lea prepare. 
The fleet is foon afloa ► pride : 

And well-eanlk*d gal *«~ harbour ride, 575 

Then oaks for oars th t » u d ; or, as they flood, 
Of its green arms deJpoil'd the growing wood, 
Studious of flight : the beach is cover* d o'er 
With Trojan hands that blacken all the fliore j 
On every fide are fcen, defcending down, 589 

Thick (warms of foldiers load en from the town. 
Thus, in battalia, march embodied ants, 
Fearful of winter, and of future wants, 
T' invade tjie corn, and to their cells convey 
The plundered forage of their yellow prey. 58* 

E 4 The 

90 J 


The fable troops, along the narrow tracks. 
Scarce bear the weighty burden on their backs 
Some fet their moulders on the ponderous grain j 
Some guard the fpoil ; fome lafli the lagging train 
All ply their fevcral talks, and equal toil fuftain. 590 
What pangs the tender breaft of Dido tore, 
When, from the tower, /he faw the coverM more ; 
And heard the fhouts of failors from afar, 
Mix'd with the murmurs of the watery war ! 
All-powerful love, what changes canft thou caufe 595 
In human hearts, ftibje&ed to thy laws ! 
Once more her haughty foul the tyrant bends ; 
To prayers and mean fubmiflions flie defcends. 
No female arts or aids flic left untry'd, 
Nor counllls imexplor'd, before me dy'd. 600 

Look, Anna, look ; the Trojans croud to fea: 
They fprcad their canvafs, and their anchors weigh: 
The thoi'.ting crew, their (hips with garlands bind, 
Invoke the fca-£ods, and invite the wind. 
Cov.ld I thought t'.iis threatening blow fo near, 605 
I\Iy tender foul hr*d been forewarn'd to bear, 
But do not y»u my Jail requeft deny, 
. Willi M>n perfidious man your intereft try ; 
And bring rac news, if I muft live or die. 
You are his favourite, you alone can find 610 

The dark recefTes of his inmoft mind : 
In all Ins trnfly fecrets you have part, 
And know the foft approaches to his heart. 
Haftc then, and humbly feek my haughty foe; 
Tell him, I did not with the Grecians go; 61$ 



JE N E I S. Book IV ^ 

did nvy fleet againft his friend* emplr 

Nor furore the rain of unhappy Troy ; 

Kor mev d with hands prophanc his father'* duft ; 

Why 0v>uld he then rejefr a fuit fo juft I 

Whom does he fhun, and whither would he fly ? 620 

Can he this laft, this only prayer deny 1 

Let him at leaft his dangerous flight delay. 

Wait better winds, and hope a calmer fea, 

The nuptials he difclaims, I urge no more , 

Let him purfue the promised Larif.n Jhore. 625 

A fbort delay is all I a{k him now, 

A paufc of grief, an interval from woe : 

Till my feft foul be tempered to fuftain 

Accuftom'd Jbrrows, and inur*d to pain. 

If you in pity grant this one reqtteft f ' 63c 

My death fhall glut the hatred of lus oreaft. 

This mournful mciTage pious Anna bears , 

And feronds, with he own, her fiber's tears t 

But all htr arts are fti employ M in vain i 

Again foe come*, and is rcfbVd again* 635 

His harden M heart nor prayers nor threatening* move ; 

Fate, and the god, had ftopp'd his ears to love. 

As when the winds their airy quarrel try, 
Juftling from every quarter of the iky, 
This way and that the mountain oak they bend, 640 
His boughs they (hatter, and his branches rend ; 
With leaves and falling maft they fpread the ground, 
The hollow valleys echo to the found ; 
Unmov'd, the royal plant their fury mocks, 
Or, fbaken, clings more clofely to the rocks : 645 



Far as he moots bit towering head on high* 

So deep in earth hi* hVd foundation* [it : 

No lei's a ft orm the Trojan hero be n 

Thick mefla^es and loud complaints he hears, 

And bandy'd woru\ full heating on his cars. 650 

Sighs, groans and tears, proclaim his inward pains, 

But the firm purpofe of his heart remains* 

The wretched queen, purfued by try el fate, 
Begin s at length the light of heaven to hate, 
And loaihs to live ; then dire portents /he fees, 
To h alien-on the death her foul decrees | 
Strange to relate 1 for when, before the ilirme, 
She pours, in facrincc, the purple wine, 
The purple wine is rum T d to putrid blood, 
And the white ojrer'd milk converts rt> mud, 
This dire prel'age, 10 her alone re veal' d, 
From alt, and cv'n her lifter, Jhe concealed, 
A marble temple flood within the grove, 
Sac rtd to death, and to her murdered love ; 
That honour'd chapel Ihe had hung around 
With fnowy fleeces, and with garlands crown'd 
Oft, when fhe vifited this lonely dome, 
Strange voices uTued from her humand'a tomb ; 
She thought flie heard him fummon her away, 
Invite her to his grave t and chide her Hay, 6 

Hourly 'tis heard, when, with a bodmg note, 
The folitary fcrct;eh-owl drains her throat : 
And on a chimney's top, or turret's height, 
With fongs ohfeene difturbs the fiknce of the night. 




M N E I S. Book IV, 

Bcfides, old prophecies aogmcnt her fear 

And ft em juntas in her dreams appears 

Difdainful a* by day : fhc feems alone 

To wander in her fleep, through waya unknown, ^ 

Guidelefs and dark : or, in a defert plain, 

To feek her fubjc£h, and to feck in vain. 6 So 

Like Pcntheos, when, diftrafbed with his fear, 

He favv two funs, and double Thebes appear : 

Or mad Oreftes, when his mother's ghoft 

Full in his face infernal torches tofa'd i 

And (hook her fnaky locks ; he fauns the fight, 6S5 " 

Flies o'er the (rage, furprii*d with mortal fright j 

The furies guard the door, and intercept his flight. 

Now, finking underneath a load of grief* 
From death alone (he feeks her I aft relief: 
The time and means rcfolvM within h'er breaJi, £$0 
She to her mournful 1 fitter thus addrdVd 
(Dinembling hope, her cloudy front the clears, 
And a falfe vigour in her eyes appears) * 
Rejoice, Jhe fatd, inftrufted from above, 
My lover I fh a 11 gain, or lofe my love* 695 

Nigh rifing Atlas, next the falling fun, 
JLong tra&s of /Ethiopian climates run 1 
There a Maffyliaw prrncefs I have found, 
Honoured for age, for magic arts renownMj 
Th' Hefperian temple was her trotted care $ 70d 

'Twas (he fupply'd the wakeful dragon's fare. 
She poppy-feeds m honey taught to fteep, 
Reclaim'd his rage> and fboth'd hi*» in*o fleep. 


ai.irnfi^s wrmc&nB^ 

L ! 

Hot thow%hl fo tike a rage pdfie&'d her i 

t3tfotK**m* of a train canceal'd & well, 

hhe frar'd no worfc than when Skfaens fells 

Therefore obey*. The fatal pile they rear 

"Within the fecret court, expos'd in air. 

The cloren holms and pines are heap'd on high ; 

And garlands on the hollow fpaces lie. 

Bad typtefa, vervain, eugh, compoie the wreath. 

And every baleful green denoting death. 





JR N E I S. Book IV. At 

The queen, determined to the tarn I deed, 
The fpoila and fwond lie left, in order fyi 
And the man's image oft the nuptial bed* 

And now (the (acred altars nlac'd around) 
The prieftefs enters, with her hair unbound. 
And thrice invokes the \ jo we is below the ground. 
Night, Erebus , and Chaos, ihr proclaims, >' 

And threefold Hecate, with her bundled numea, 740 
And three Dianas : next the ipi inkles round, 
Witli ftigb-'d 1 Avemian drops, the hallowd ground : 
Culls hoary fimpkif t found by Fhccbe'* li^ht. 
With brazen rk-klcs rcap'd a( iu»»ti pJ night* 
Then mixes baleful jukes in the J urn I, |j 

And cuts the forehead of a new* born foal : 
Robbing the mother'ii love. The diflin'd queen 
Observes, aJMitig at the rite* obiccne s 
A leaven 'd cake in bur devoted hand* 
She holds, and next U lugheft altar it and;; ! 750 

One tender foot was fh d» her other bare. 
Girt was her gathered gown, and Louie her hair. 
Thus drefsM, (he fummon'd, with her dying breath, 
The heavens and planets, confeious. of her death ; 
And every power, if any rules above, 755 

Who minds, or who revenges, injur'd love. 

'Twas dead of night, when weary bodies clofe 
Their eyes. in balmy deep and foft repofe t 
The winds no longer whifper through the woods, 
Nor murmuring tides difturb the gentle floods. 76* 



The ftara in &&& order onov'd around, 

And peace, with downy wings, was brooding on i 

The fl< K :V. t and herd I, i coloured fan I „ 

Which haunt r or Mm the wei.dy pool. 

Stretch'*! on the quiet earth fee u rely lay, t 

Forgetting the paft labours of the day. 
All clfe of nature's common gift partake ;■ 
Unhappy Dido was alone aw .ike. 
Tfcr flcep nor cafe the furious queen can find ; 
5lMp Med her tytt, llK quiet fled her mind, 
Defpair, and rage, ami Jove, divide her heart t 
Defpair and rage had fume, but love the greater part* 

Then thus fhefaid within her fecret mi mi ; 
What fhall I do ; what fuccour can I find ? 
Become a fuppliam to Hiatrba's pride. 
And take my turn, to court and be dcnyM t 
Shall I with this ungrateful Trojan go, 
Forfake an empire, and attend a foe ? 
Himfelf I rcfug'd, and hh train relieved | 
'Th trdei but am I Aire to be received ? 
Can gratitude in Trojan fouls have place ? 
Laomedon nill lives in all his race J 
Then, (hall I feck alone the churljih crew, 
And wjth my fleet thetr flying fail* purine ? 
What force have 1 bur tlioic, whom fcarce before 
I drew reluctant from their native Shore ? 
Will Lhey again embark at my defire, 
Once more fuftain the leas, and quit their fecond Tyre * 
4 Rather 

^KEIS. Book TV, 6j 

Rather with ft eel tfcy guilty breaft invade, 

And take the fortune thou thyfelf haft ms 7^0 

Your pi tv, f*ftcr, nrft fedue'd my minds 

Or feco tided too well what I defign'd. 

Thcfe dear-bought pleafures had I never known, 

Had I continued free* and ftiil my own; 

Avoiding love, I had not found defpair; 795 

But ftiarM, with lavage beads t the common air ; 

Like them a lonely life I might have led, 

Not mourned the living, nor difhirb-d the 'Bead. 

Thefe thoughts fee brooded in her anxious bneaft j 

On board, the Trojan found more ealy reft* floo 

Refolv*d to fail, in fleep he pais'd the night j 

And oniei *d all things for his early flight. 

To whom otict more the winged god appears 1 
His former youthful mien and Ciape he wears, 
And, *-kh this new alarm, invades his ears : p^ , 
Sleep' ft thou, O goddei -born 1 and canft thou drown 
Thy oeedfnl cares, f j car a hoftile town, 
Bcfex wkh foes ? nor hear 1 ft the wefem gales 
Invite thy palTage, and iufpire thy fails ? 810 

She harbours in her heart a furious hate ; 
And thou feak 6nd the dire effects too late ; 
Fix VI on revenge, and obftinate to die : 
Hafte fwiftly hence, while thou haft power to fly. 
The fea with fhips will foon be cover*d o'er, 815 

And blazing firebrands kindle all the fliore. 
Prevent her rage, while night obfeures the flues 5 
AnAfcil before the pnrple morn arife. 


;ars 2 *J 
: So; 3 




Who knows what hazards thy delay may bring ? 
Woman 7 i a various and a changeful thing. 
Thus Hermes in the dream flight, 

Aloft in air unices, j and mix "J with night. 

Twice warn'd by the cclcilial mefTenger, 
The pious prince arofe with liafty fear * 
Then roufc'd his drowfy train without delay, 8*5 
Haftc to your banks ; your crooked anchors tn 
And fpread your flying fail*, and (rand u 
A god commands j he flood before my ftglit $ 
And urg'd us once again to fpeedy flinUt. 
O facred power, what power foe'er thou ,-. 
To thy blefs'd orders 1 refign my heart j 
Lead thou the way ; protect thy Trojan bands; 
And profper the defign thy will commands. 
He faid, and, drawing forth his flaming fword, 

LUidering aim divides the many-twilled cord 
An emulating zeal infpires his train; 
They run, they fnatch ; they rufh into the main. 
With headlong hafte they leave the defert mores, 
And brulti the liquid llu-j with labouring oars. 

Aurora now had left her faffVon bed ( 
And beams of early tight the heavens o'erfprcad, 
When from a power the queen, wiih wakeful 
Saw day poi . from the lofy Ikies j 

She look'd to fe award, but the lea was void, 
And fcarce in ken the iailing (hips d 
Stung with defpight, and furious widi dc> 
She ftruck her trembling brcaft, and tore her hair. 




M N E T S. Book IV t£ 

And mall th* ungrateful traitor go, fhc fai 
My land forfakcn, and my love betrayed ? 
Shall we not arm, not rum from every ftrect, h $* 
To Follow, fmk, and burn his perjurM fleet f 
Hnfrc ; luitil my gallics out ; purluc the foe : 
Bring flaming brands j fat iniJ 3 and fwiftly row. 
What have I faid ? Where am I ? Fury turna 
My brain, and my HiftcmpcrM hufmn burns. B55 
Then, when I t^ave my perfon and my throne* 
This hate, this rage, had been more timely mown* 
See now tije promised faith, the vaunted name* 
The pious man, who, turning through die flame. 
Preferred his gods, and to the Phrygian more 860 
The burden of his feeble father bore 1 
I fliould have torn him piece-meal ; ftrowMitt floodi 
Hb fcatter'd limb$, or left expos'd in woods: 
Deftroy'd his friends and Con \ and, from the fire, 
Have let the reeking* boy before the fire, 665 

Events arc doubtful which on battle wait? 
Yet where 's the doubt to fouls Ice u re of I 
My Tynans, at their injur'd queen's command, 
Had tofs/d their fires amid the Trojan band : 
At once extinguilh'd nil the faithlds name j 870 ' 
And I myfelf, in vengeance of my frame, 
Had fall'n upon the pile to mend the funeral flame, 
Thou fun, who view 'it at once the world below, 
Thou Juno, guardian of the nuptial vow, 
Thou Hecate, hearken from thy dark abodes 5 S75 
'Ye furies, fiends, and violated gods, 
Vol, VI. F An 




All powers invoked with Dido's dying breath, 

Attend her eurfes, and avenge her death. 

If fo the Fates ordain * and Jove commands, 

Th* ungrateful wretch mould find the Latian lands, 

Yet let a race untanVd, and haughty foes, 

Ilia peaceful entrance with dire arms oppoie j 

Opprcfs'd with numbers in th 1 unequal field, 

His men difcourag'd, and him&lf expell'd ; 

Let him for fuceour fue from place to place, £8$ 

Torn from his fubjefts, and his fon T s embrace; 

Firft let him fee his friends in battle flain, 

And their untimely fate Lament in vain : 

And when, at length, the cruel war mall ceaic, 

On hard conditions may he buy his peace. 890 

Nor let him then enjoy fuprerae command, 

But fall untimely by fom e hoftile hand, 

And lie unbury*d on the barren fand. 

Thefe are my prayers, and this my dying will : 

And you, my Tyrians, every curfe fulfil ; 895 

Perpetual hate, and mortal wars proclaim 

Againfl the prince, the people, and the name. 

Thefe grateful offerings on my grave beftow, 

Nor league, nor love, the hoftile nations know : 

Now, and from hence in every future age, 900 

When rage excites your arms, and ftrength fupplies 

the rage, 
Rife fome avenger of our Libyan blood 5 
With fire and fword purfue the perjur'd brood : 
Our arms, our feas, our mores oppos'd to theirs, 
And the fame hate defcend on all our heirs. 905 

4 This 


JE N E T S, Book IV 6f 

This faid, within her anxious mind fh t 

The means of cutting fnort her odious d* 
Then to Stch^eus* nurfc flic briefly faid 
(For when (he Left her country her's was dead), 
Go, Barce, call my fillet ; let her care 910 

The folemn rites of facrifke prepare : 
The fticep, and all the atoning offerings bring, 
Sprinkling her body from the eryftal fpring 
With living 1 drops : then let her come* and thou 
With facred fillets bind thy hoary brow. 915 

Thus will I pay my vows to Stygian Jove, 
And end the cares of my difaftrous love* 
Then cail the Trojan image on the fire* 
And, as that burns, my pafiion IhalJ expire. 

The nude moves on^ ard* with officious care, 920 
And ail the fpecd her aged limbs can bear. 
But furious Dido, with dark thoughts invoIv*d, 
Shook at the mighty mifchief Hie relblvM* 
With livid fpots diftinguifli'd was her face, 
Red were her rolling eyesj and difcomposM her pace : 
Ghaftly fhe gaz'd, with pain (he drew her breath, 
And nature fhiver'd at approaching death. 

Then fwiftly to the fatal place fhe pafs'd, 
And mounts the funeral pile, with furious hafte : 
Unfheaths the fword the Trojan left behind 930 

(Not for fo dire an enterprize defign'd). 
But when file view'd the garments loofely fpread, 
Which once he wore r and faw the confeious bed, 

F z- Sue 


Sbe paused, and, with a Lgb, the robes embraced j 

Then on ifat crech hu tr&Mmg body caft, 

Reprefi'd the ready tears, mod fpoke her laft : 

Dear pledges of my lore, vthUc heaven fo pleas'd, 

Receive 3 fool, of mortal an^uiib eas'd : 

My fatal courfe is finifh'd, ami I go, 

A ^lotions name, aiuocg die ghoiH below* 1 » 

A lofty city bv my bands k rais'd j 

Pygmalion tmniflf d, and my iajd appcas'd. 

What could my fomiae have afforded more, 

Had the fidfe Trajan never touched my Ihore * 

Then Jtrfsd the couch f and mult I die, the faid, 945 

And nurevengd f 'tis doubly to be dead ! 

Yet eir J n this death with pkafure I receive ; 

Oo any terms* *tis better than to live. 

Thfcfc flames from far may the faife Trojan view ; 

Thefe bodmg omens his bafc flight purfue. 950 

She faid, and ftruck* D^ep entered in her fide 

The piercing fteel, with reeking purple dy'd : 

Clog'd in the wound the cruel weapon ftands ; 

The fpouting blood came fireaming on her hands. 

Her fad attendants faw the deadly ftroke, 955 

And, with loud cries, the founding palace ihook. 

Diftra&ed from the fatal fight they fled, 

And through the town the difmal rumour fpread. 

Firft from the frighted court the yell began, 

Redoubled thence from houfe to houfe it ran : 960 

The groans of men, with fhrieks, laments, and cries , 

Of jnixing women, mount the vaulted ikies. 


M N E I S. Book rv 6* 

Not lefs the clamour, than if ancient T] 

Or the new Carthage, (kt by foes on fire- 

The rolling ruin, with their lovM abodes, 96$ 

Involved the blading temples of their gods. 

Her filter hears, and, furious with defpair, 

She beats her breaft, and rends her yeJIow hair : 

And, calling on Eliza's name aloud, 

Runs breathlefs to the place, and breaks the crowd. 

Was all that pomp of woe for this prepaid, 

Thefe fires, this funeral pile, thefe altars rear'd ? 

Wm all this train of plots contriv'd, faid fhe, 

b All only to deceive unhappy me ? 

Which is the worft ? Didft thou in death pretend 975 

To fcorn thy filler, or delude thy friend ? 

Thy fummon*d filter, and thy friend, had come ; 

One fword had ierv + d us both, one common tomb. 

Was I to raifc the pile, the powers invoke, 

Not to be prefent at the fatal flroke ? )8$ 

At once thou hart deftroyM thyfelf and me ; 

Thy town, thy fenate, and thy colony ! 

Bring water, bathe the wound ; while I in death 

Lay clofe my lips to her's, and catch the flying breath. 

This faid, (lie mounts the pile with eager hafte, 98 j 

And in her arms the gafping queen embrae'd : 

Her temples chaf *d, and her own garments tore, 

To (launch the ftreaming blood, and cleanfe the gore. 

Thrice Dido try'd to raife her drooping head, 

And fainting thrice, fell groveling on the bed. 990 

F * Thrice 



Thrice op'd her heavy eye$, and faw the light, 
But, having found it, fickea'd at the fight, 
And elos'd her lids at bit in e&dlefs night* 

Then Juno, grieving that file mould fuftain 
A death fo lingering, and lb full of paio, 99 g 

Sent Iris down, to free her from the ftrifc 
Of labouring ri3ture 3 and diUblve her life* 
For, Unco flic dy*d, not doom T d by heaven's decree* 
Or her own crime, but human cafualty, 
And rage of love, that ptang'd her in defpair, 1000 
The fitters had not cut the topmoft hair, 
Which Proferpinc and they can only know, 
Nor made her {acred to the (hades below* 
Downward the various goddefs took her Bight, 
And drew a thou fan d colours from the light : 1005 
Then flood above the dying lover's head, 
And fa id, I thus devote thee to the dead. 
This offering to th' infernal gods I bear ? 
Thus while Ihe fpoke me cut the fatal hair s 
The ftruggling foul was loos'd, and life diiiblvM in 
air. 1010 



[ 71 ] 



N E I S. 


affineas, fctting foil from Afric, h driven, by a ftortHj on 
the cuaft of Sicily : where he is faofpimbly received 
by his friend Accfres, king of part of the ifland, and 
born of Trojan parentage. He applies himfelf to ce- 
lebrate the memory of his Father with divine honours : 
and accordingly itifritutcs funeral games, and ap- 
points prizes for thofe who mould conquer in them- 
While the ceremonies were performing, Juno fends 
Iris to perfuade the Trojan women to burn the mips ; 
who, upon her inftigation, fet fire to them, which 
burnt four, and would have confumed the reft, had 
not Jupiter, by a miraculous mower, extinguifhe'd it. 
Upon this -ffineas, by the advice of pne of his ge- 
nerals, and a vifion of his father, builds a city for 
the women, old men, and others, .who were either 
unfit for war, or weary of the voyage, and fails for 
Italy : Venus procures of Neptune a iafe voyage for 
F 4 kin* 



him and all his men, excepting only his pilot Pall- 
nurusj who was unfortunately lolh 

lL^E A NTIME the Trojan cuts his watery way, 

Fix*d on his voyage through the curliog fta : 
Then, carting back his eyes, with dire amaze, 
Sees, on the Punk fhore, the mounting blaze. 
The caufe unknown ; yet his prcfaging mind 
The fate of Dido from the fire divin'd t 
He knew the ftormy fouls of woman-kind, 
What ft tret firings their eager paffions move, 
How capable of death for injured love- 
Dire auguries from hence the Trojans draw, 10 
Till neither fires nor mining mores they law. 
Kow fcas and fkies their profpeft only hound, 
An emptv fpace above, a floating field around. 
But foon the heavens with fhadows were o^ripread; 
A fwclling tbud hung hovering o'er their head : 15 
Livid it look'd, the threatening of a ftorm ; 
Then night and horror ocean's face deform. 
The pilot, Palinurus, cry'd aloud, 
What gufts of weather from that gathering cloud 
My thoughts prefage ! Ere yet the tempeft roars 10 
Stand to your tackle, mates, and ftretch your oars j 
Contract your fwelling fails, and luff to wind : 
The frighted crew perform the ta(k affign'd. 
Then, to his fearlefs chief, Not heaven, faid he, 
Though Jove himfelf fhould promife Italy, 25 
Can item the torrent of this raging fea ! 





^NEI S. Book V. 
Mark how the Shifting winds from weft : 
And what collected aight involves the flrie: 
Nor can our fliaken vcflels live at ka ; 
Much lefa againft the tempeft force their way; 3 
'Th fate diverts our courfe, and fate we mull obey 
Not far from hence, if I obfervM aright 
The ton thing of the (tars, and polar light, 
Sicilia lies ; whofe hofpitable mores 
In fafety we may reach with ft niggling oars* 35 

^neas then repl v 'd, Too furt 1 find, 
We ibrve in vain againft the feas and wind ; 
Now mift your fail$ : what place can pleafe me more 
Than what you promiie, the Sicilian ihore j 
Whofe hallow 1 d earth An chiles' bouts contains, 4* 
And where & prince of Tropn lineage reigns! 
The courfe lefolv'd, before the weftcm wind 
They feud amain, and make the port aflign*d* 

Meantime Aceftes, from a lofty ftand, 
Beheld the fleet defcendingon the landj 45 

And, not unmindful of his ancient race, 
Down from the cliff he ran with eager pace, 
And held the hero in a fhift embrace. 
Of a rough Libyan bear the fpoils he wore 5 
And either hand a pointed javelin bore. 50 

His mother was a dame of Dardan blood ; 
His fire Crinifius, a Sicilian flood ; 
He welcomes his returning friends afhore 
With plenteous country cates, and homely ftore. 

Now, when the following morn had chae'd away 55 
The flying ftars, and light reftor'd the day, 



JEncas call'd the Trojan troops around, 
And thus befpoke them from a riling ground : 
Offspring of heaven, divine Dardanian race, 
The fun revolving through th' ethereal fpace, • fo 
The ihining circle of the year has fuTd, 
Since firft this iflc'my father's alhes held: 
And now the ri(ing day renews the year 
(A day for ever fad, for ever dear). 
This would I celebrate with annual games, 65 

With gifts on altars pi I'd, and holy flames, 
Though banifiYd to Getulia's barren fands, 
Caught on the Grecian fcas, or hoftile lands r 
But iince this happy ftorm our fleet has driven 
(Not, as 1 deem, without the will of heaven) 70 

Upon thefe friendly mores and flowery plains. 
Which hide Anchifes, and his blcft remains, 
Let us m ith joy perform his honours due, 
And pray for proipcrous winds, our voyage to renew. 
Pray, that in towns and temples of our own, 75 
The name of great Anchifes may be known, 
And yearly games may fpread the god's renown. 
Our fports, Aceftes, of the Trojan race, 
With royal gifts ordain'd, is plcas'd to grace : 
Two (leers 011 every fhip the king beftows ; So 

His gods and ours fliall ihare your equal vows. 
Bcfidcs, if nine da)s hence, the rofy morn 
Shall, with unclouded light, the Ikies adorn, 
That day with foicmn fports I mean to grace : 
Light gallics on the feas fliall run. a watery race. 8$ 



,JE NE>I S. Book V. 75 

• Some fhall in fwiftnefs for the goal contend, 
And others try the twanging bow to bend : 
The ftrong with iron gauntlets arm'd fhall ftand, 
Oppos'd in combat on the yellow fand. 

Let all be prefent at the games prepar'd, 90 

And joyful vi&ors wait the juft reward. 

But now affift the rites, with garfands crown'd ; 

He fa id, and firft his brows with myrtle bound. 

Then Helymus, by his example led, 

And old Aceftes, each adorn'd his head ; yt 

Thus young Afcanius, with a fprightly grace, 

His temples ty'd, and all the Trojan race. 

./Eneas then advanced amidft the train, 
By thoufands follow'd through the flowefy plain, 
To great Anchifes* tomb : which, when he found, too 
He pour'd to Bacchus, on the hallowM ground, 
Two bowls of fparkling wine, of milk two more, 
And two from offer'd bulls of purple gore. 
With rofes then the fcpulchre he ftrow'd ; 
And thus his father's ghoft befpoke aloud : B05 

• Hail, O ye holy manes ! hail again 

."Paternal afhes, now review'd in vain ! 
The gods permitted not that you, with me> 
Should reach the promised mores of Italy ; 
Or Tyber's flood, what flood foe'er it be. 

. Scarce had he finiuYd, when, with fpeckled pride, 
,A fcrpent from the tomb began to glide j 
His hugy bulk on feven high volumes roll'd j 
Blue was his breadth of back, but ftmktf'wkh fcaly 
gold : 




A r^J ri»f tire di m g, mi fiagc tfee prsfc- 


Tb* feered iMritf Choc i% (be pv 

IV irk hvmUA pUy amdi the hmfc be pcrfVd, 

And, »id» lt» Idling mg«* jfcyMU*trf* : 

THu* fed with IkiIj food, riic woadrov* g&e& 

Wfefeia tlw hoil</* eoenb rttir'd to reft. 

The pknii prince, furpm'd it what he lieir'd, is$ 

The funeral honoun with more zeal renewed $ 

IXnibtftil tf thit the placed gcnim were. 

Or jruardian of hit father 1 ! fcpulrftre. 

Five iKeepf fttfotdtag to the ritet, he flew, 

A* many /Wine* and ftecrt of fable hoe* 130 

N<jw HMfCHIf wine he from the goblets poured. 

And cati'd liii father*! ghoft, from hell reftor'd. 

The glad attendant! in long order come. 

Offering tficir gifts at great Anchifes' tomb; 

Some add more oxen $ fomc divide the fpoil j 135 * 

Some place the chargers on the graffy foil ; 

Some blow the fires, and offerM entrails broil. 

Now came the day dcfir'd : the Ikies were bright 
With rofy luftrc of the rifing light : 
Tha bordering people, rouz'd by founding fame 140 
Of Trojan feafts, and great Aceftes* name, 
The crowded ihore with acclamations fill, 
Put t6 behold, and part to prove their (kill. 




^NEIS. Book V, ,f 

And fir ft the gifts in public view they place 
Green laurel wreaths, and palm (the vielor' ) 

Within the circle, arms and tripods lie ( 
lugota of gold, and filver heap'd on high, 
And verb embroidered of the Tyrian dye. * 
The trumpet's clangor then the fcaii proclaims, 
And all prepare for their appointed game*, ► 15G 
Four gallies firtt, which equal rowers bear, 
Advancing, in the watery lift* appear. 
The fptxdy Dolphin, that outftiip* ihc wind, 
Bore Mncftlicnd, author of the Mcmmiaa kuid s 
Gyas the vaft Chinuera's bulk commands, I 155 

Which riling like a tow :ring city (lands : 
Three Trojans tug at c ery labouring oar j 
Three banks in three dtgrees the failon> borc$ 
Beneath their ilurdy ftrokes the billows roar. 
Ser^efthus, who began \e Sergian race, 1 160 

In die great Centaur tOv.1 the leading place : 
Cloanthus on the fea- green. Scyllra ftood, 
From whom Cluentius draws hi* Trojan blood 1 . 

Far in the fea, again! t the foaming fhorc, 
Thcrer fhinds a rock* the raging billows roar 165 

Above bis head in florins j but, when *tia clear, 
Uncurl their ridgy backs, and at his foot appear. 
In peace below the gentle waters run j 
The cormorants above lie baiking in the fun. 
On this die hero fix'd an oak in fight, 17$ 

The mark to guide the mariners aright* 
I! To bear with this, the feamen ft retell their oars j 
' *Hie!i round the rock they fleer, and feck the former 




The lots decide their place : above the reft, 
Each leader fliining in his Tynan veft : ij| 

The common crew, with wreaths of peplar bomgfo, 
Their temple* crown, and fhade their fwevty brow*. 
Btfmear'd with oil f their naked flioulders fliiae ; 
All take their feats, and wait the founding- fign. 
Thisy gripe their oar*, and every panting brcaft 180 
Is rais'd by turns with hope, by ttxrna with fear 

depre fs*&* 
The clan got of the trumpet gives the fign ; 
At once they flart advancing in a line- 
With ftiouts the fail on rend the ftarry flties ; "1 

LaftVd with their oars, the fmoky billows rife; 1S3 > 
Sparkles the briny main, and the vex'd ocean fries. J 
Ex a ft in time, with equal ftrokes they row ; 'J 

At once the brufliing oars and brazen prow > 

Daih up the fandy waves, and ope the depths below. } 
Not fiery couriers , in a chariot race, 190 

Invade the field with half fo fwift a pace. 
Not the fierce driver with more fury lend* 
The founding lafh 5 and, ere the ftroke defcends, 
Ifcttt to the wheels his pliant body bends. 
The partial crowd their hopes and fears divide, 195 
.nd aid, with eager fliouts, the favour' d fide. 
b, murmurs, clamours, with a mixing found, 
1 woods to woods, from hills to hills rebound, 
audit, the loucf applaufes of the fhore, 
vryas outftrip'd the reft, and fprung before ; aoo 

Cloanthus, better mann'd, purfued him fail ; 
But hit o'cr-mafted galley check'd his hafte. 


he f 
"5 J 

M N E T S, Book V, ?*? 

The Centaur^ and the Dolphin brum the I 
With equal oars, advancing in a line : 
And now the mighty Centaur teems to leaa, 105 

And now the fpeedy Bolphin gets a-head : 
Now board to board the rival vefleU row j 
The billots iave the feies, and ocean groans below. 
They reached the mark : proud Gyas urd his train 
In triumph rode the vigors of the main : i» 

But ft cerin ground, he charg'd his pilot ftand 
More clofe u> more, and iltim along the fand, 
Let others bear tu lea. Menaces heard, 
But let ret (helves too caution fly he fear'd : 
And, fearing, fought me deep ; and lti.ll aloof 
freer* d. a 

With louder cries the captain call'd again ; 
Bear to the rocky Ihor and fhun the main. 
He fpokc, and, fpcak ; g at his ft em, he faw 
The oold Cloanthus n t the fhelvings draw : 
Betwixt the mark and him the Scylla flood, :2# 

And, in a clofer compafs, plowed the flood: 
He pafs'd the mark, and wheeling got before 
iffy as blafphem'd the gods, devoutly fwore, 
Cry'd out for anger, and his hair he tore. 
Mlndlefs of others lives (fo high was grown 225 

His rifing rage) and carelefs of his own, 
The trembling dotard to the deck he drew, 
And hoifted up, and over-board he threw : 
This done he feiz'd the helm, his fellows cheer'd, 
Turn'd fliort upon, the fhelves, and madly fleer'd. 230 





Hardly hi* head the plunging pilot rears, 
CloggM with his cioaths, and cumber d with his yean t 
Now dropping wet, he climbs the cliff with pain $ 
The cro-.^d, that law him fall, & n d float again, 
Shout from the diftant fiiore, and loudly laughed, z%$ 
To fee his heaving breaft difgorgc the briny draught. 
The following; Centaur, and the Dolphin's crew, 
Their vaniuYd hopes of victory renew : 
While Gyas Tags, they kindle in the race, 
To reach the mark : Sergefthus take* the place : 140 
Mncftheus purfues ; and, while around they wind, 
Comes up, not half his galley's length behind. 
Then on the deck tunidft his mates appcar'd, 
And thus their drooping courages he cheat" d : 
My friends, and Heclor's followers heretofore, 245 
Kxert your vigour ; tug the labouring oar ; 
Stretch to your ftrofces, my ftill-unconquer'd crew, 
Whom From the flaming walls of Troy 1 drew. 
In this, our common intcreft, let me find 
That ftrength of hand, that courage of the mind, itfi 
As when you flemm'd the ftrong Matean flood, 
And o'er the Syrtes broken billows row'd. 
I feek not now the foremoft palm to gain ; 
Though yet — But ah, that haughty wifh is vain ! 
Let thofe enjoy it whom the gods ordain. 255 t 

tf> be laft, the lags of all the race, 
n yourfelves and me from that difgrace. 
ne and all, they tug amain ; they row 
J full ftrctch, and fhake the brazen prow. 



M N£ 1 5. Bd-oit. V. si 

The Tea beneath them finks : their Jjbouri a So 

.Are iwellM, and fwcat runs guttering do udec, 

Chance aids their daring with unhop'd fucccls 3 
Sfergcfthus, eager with his beak, to prefs 
Betwbft the rival galley and the ruck, 
Shuts th" unwcildy Centaur in the lock. %$* 

The vcflel ftruck ; and, with the dreadful fhock, 
Her oars me fhivcrM, and her head flic broke » 
The trembling rowers from their banks arifc, 
And, anxious for thcmfelyes, renounce the prize. 
With iron poles they leave hev off the Atom ; a 70 
And gather, from the fea, their floating oars. 
The crew of Mncfthe is, with elated minds, 
Urge their fuccefs, an * call the willing wind* : 
Then ply their oars, : d cut their liquid way 
In larger compafc on i. u i: roomy tea- 175 

As when the dove her rocky hold forfakes, 
Itoiiz'd in n fright, her founding wings ihe makes, 
The cavern rings with clattering; out ihe flics, 
And loaves her callow care, and cleaves the ftucs ; 
At firft ihe flutters ; but at length fhe fprings 2 So 
To fmoother flight, and moots upon her wings 5 
So Mneftheus in the Dolphin cuts the fea, 
And, < flying with a force, that force aflifts his way. 
Sergefthus in the Centaur foon he pafs'd, 
Wedg'dJn the rocky fhoals, and flicking faft. 285 
In <.vain the victor he with cries implores, 
And praefcifes to row with fhatter'd oars. 
Then Mntftheus bears withGyas, and out-flies : 
Tfce fliip without a pilot yields the priae. 
Vol. VI, G Unvan- 



Unvanquifli'd Stvlia cru alone remains ; 399 

Her he purfuc*, and all his rigour ft rains, 

Shout 1 from the favouring multitude ariie, 

Applauding echo to the ihouts replies j 

Shouts, wifhes, and applaufe, nin rattling through 

the fkittf* 

Thefe clamours with difdain the Scylla heard, aoj 
Much gmdg'd the praife, but more the robb'd reward ; 
RefolVd to hold rhdr own, they mend thdr pace j 
All obftinate to dic t or gain the race* 
Raised with fuccefs, the Dolphin fwiftly ran 
(For they can conquer who believe tlicy tan) : 300 
Both urge their oars, and fortune both fupplies, 
And both perhaps had fhar'd an equal prize : 
When to the uas Cloanthus holds his hands, 
And fuc tour from the watery |>owcr6 demands : 
Gods of the liquid realms, on which I row, 30 
If, giv'n by you, the laurel bind my brow f 
Affift to make mc guilry of my tow. 
A fnow- white bull mall on your fhore be (lain, 
His offer* d entrails caft into the main : 
And ruddy wine, from golden goblets thrown, 310 
Your graceful gift and my return /hall own. 
The choir -of nymphs, and Phorcus from below, 
With virgin Panopea, heard his vow.j 
And old Portunos, with his breadth of hand, 
Pufli'd on, and fped the galley to the land. 3 1 5 

Swift as a fhaft, or winged wind, me flies ; 
-And, darting to the port, obtains the prize. 



Book V. tj 

The herald iummons all, and then proclaima 
'Cloiinthus conqueror of the naval games* 
The prince with laurel crowns the victor's head, 3 2d 
And three fat fteers are ro his vefTcl ltd j 
The Chip's reward ■. with generous wine befide, 
And Turns of lilver, which the crew divide. 
The leaders are diftinguiuVd from the reft, 
The viftor honour 'd with a nobler veft : 325 

Where gold and purple drive in etjual rowsj 
And needle-work i**l happy eofl beitows. 
There j Ganymede is wrought with living art, 
Chadag through Ida's groves the trembling hart \ 
Breathlefs he feems, yet eager to purfue i 
When from aloft defcends, in open view, 
The bird of Jove; and, ibuiing on his prey, 
With crooked talons bears the boy away. 
In vain, with lifted hands and gazing eyes. 
His guards behold him ibaiing through the flue 3, 
And dogs puriue his flight, with imitated crte*. 

MnetfbtfUs the fecund vi£tor was dtclar*d ; 
And fummon'd tltcre, tlie fecond prixc he ftiar'd : 
A coat of mail, which brave Detuolcus bore, 
More brave iEneas from his moulders tore, 340 
In fingle combat on the Trojan more. 
This was ordain'd for Mneftheus to pofTefs, 
In war for his defence $ for ornament in peace : 
Rich was the gift, and glorious to behold ; 
But yet, fopondero with its plates of gold, 345 

G 4 * That 


14 DRtDEfl'S VtR&fL* 

That fducc two fervants could the weight fuftasn, 

Yet, loaded thui, Dfcmoleus o'er the plain 

^tlriiied 3 and lightly feiz'd the Trojan tram, 

The third fucccedifig to the lift reward, 

Two goodly bow h of maffy JlJvcr fhar'd ; 35c* 

With figures prominent, and richly wrought, 

And two brafj; cauldrons from Dodo n a Drought. 

Thus, all rewarded by the hero's hands, 
Their conquering temples Bound with purple bands. 
And now Ser^efthus, clearing from the rock, 3;$; 
Brought back his galley Ihatter'ct with the ihock. 
Forlorn fhe lookM without an aiding oar t 
And, hooted by the vulgar, mack to more. 
A* when a fnake, furprUM upon the road, 
In cruili'd athwart her body by the load j^cy 

Of heavy wheel? ; or with a mortal wouneT 
Her belly brut^' J, and trodden to the ground^ 
In vain, whh Jopfen'd ctfns, me crawls along, 
Yet fierce abo\'e, fhe trandim^ her tongue : 
Glares with her eye a, and briiiles with her ftafes, 3S5 
But, groveling In the do it, tier pairs an found me trails I' 
So flowly to the port the Centaur tends, 
l$ut wtiat fhe wants in oars with fails amends : 
Yet, for his galley fav'd, tne grateful prince 
Is pleas'd til' unhappy chief to recompense. ij.^ 

Pholoe, the Cretan Save, rewards his cart, 
Beauteous her/elf, withiovery twins*, as falfV 
ttom theWce his way 'die Trojan Hero Bent, 
Into the neighbouring plain/ wkU mountains pent, 


JEtfETS. Book T. $5 

^Kboleifletweieihaded^thfurroundiiigwood: 375 

!Pull in the midfl: of this fair valley flood 

A native theatre, which riftng flow, / 

Uy juft degrees, o'erlbok'dthe ground below. 

fligh on a fylvan Jforone the leader (ate, 

A numerous train attend in fblemn ftate 3(0 

flere thoTe, that in the rapid eourfe delight, 

Defire of honour and the -prize invite : 

The rival runners without order ftand, 

The Trojans, mit'd with the Sicilian band* 

Sirft Niius with Euryalus appears, 385 

Euryajus a boy of blooming years ,5 

With fprightly grace, and equal beauty crown'd : 

•Nifus, far friendship to the youth renown'd, 

Diores next, of Priam's royal race, 

TJien Salius, join'd with Patron, took their place : 3 90 

But Patron in Arcadia had his birth, 

And Saliushis from Acarnanian earth. 

Then two Sicilian youths, the names of thefc 

Swift Herymus, and lovely Panopes, 

JBQth jolly huntfmcn, both in foreil bred, 395 

And owning old Aceftes for their head. 

With Several others of ignobier name, 

Whom time has not delivered o'er to fame* 

To thefe the hero thus his thoughts expiain'd : 
Jn words, which general approbation gain'd : 400 
One common largefs is for all defign'd j 
The vanquilh'd and the vi&or mall be join'd. 
Two darts of polifli'd fteel and Gnofian wood, 
A filvcr-ihidded ax alike beftow'd. 

G 3 The 



The fo rem oft three have olive wreath* decreed ; 435: 

The firft of thefe obtains a ftatcly fteed 

Adurn'd with trapping* ; and the neatt in fame, 

The quiver of an Amazonian dame, 

With feather 3 d Thracian arrows ygU fupply^d j 

A golden hell Jhall gird his man I y fide, 410 J 

Which wish a Sparkling diamond /hall bety'd : 

The third this Grecian helmet fhall content, 

He faid t to their appointed bafe they went ; 

With beating he-am th* ex pc tied fign receive* 

And, Rarting all at once, the barrier leave. 415 

Spirutl OUt, it on the winged winds, they flew, 

And fei?.*d the diftant goal with greedy view. 

Shot from the crowd, iwift Nii'us all oV-paiVd ; 

"Noi ftormi, nor thunder, equal half his haftc. 

Tin tutxif but though the next yet far dUjonVd^ 410 

Clonic Sali us, and Euryalus behind ; 

Then Ffelymus, whom young Diorcs ply'd^ 

Step after ftep, and almoft fide by fide : 

His moulders prefling, and in longer fpace 

Had won, or left at leaft a dubious race. 4^ 

Now fpent, the goal they almoft reach at laft ; 
When eager Nifas, haplefs in his hafte, 
Slipp'd firft, and, flipping, fell upon the -plain,. • 
SoakVf with the blood of oxen newly flain : 
,r Dhe cartlefs vi&or had not mark'd his way ;- 43^ 

But, treading where the treacherous puddle lay, 
His heelr flew up j and* on the graffy floor, 
He feii, befmearM with filth and holy gore.. 


M N E T 5. Book V s 7 

Not mmdlefi then, EuryahiSj of ihee, 
Nor of the facred bonds of amity, 435 

He flrove th* immediate rival** hope to crois, 
And caught rhe foot of Salius as he role ; 
So Salius lay mended on the plain j 
Euryatus fprings out, the prize to gain. 
And leaves the crowd 1 applauding peals attend 440 
The vitlor to the goal, who vanquish *d by his friend. 
Next Helymtig, and then Dtares came. 
By two misfortunes made the third in fame. 
But Salim enters j and* exclaiming loud 
I 7 or juftice, deafens and difturbs the crowd : 445 

Urges hb cauie may in the court he heard ; 
And pleads, the prize h wrongfully conferr'd. 
But favour for Euryalus appears - f 
His blooming beauty- with his tender years, 
Had biib'd the judge ar the promis'd prize |> 45^ 
Kefijes, Diores Jills t iinrtwith eries - 
Who vainly reaches 1 i«e laft reward, 
If the firft palm on baiiuv be conferred. 
Then thus the prince : Let no difputes arife : 
Where fortune plac'd it, I award the prize. - 4$$ 
But fortune's errors give me leave to mend, 
At leaft to pity my deferving friend. 
He faid : and, from among the fpoils, he draws 
(Ponderous with fliaggy main and golden paws), 
A lion's hide, to Salius this he gives ; 
Nifus with envy fees the gift, and grieves. 
If fuch rewards to vanquish 'd men are due,, 
He faid, and falling is to rife by you, 

G 4 What 


What pr:zL- may Nitus from yotrr bounty claim* 

Who merited the hr# rewards and fame ? 46$ 

In fatting, both an equal fortune try'd ; 

Would fortune for my fall io well provide I 

With this he pointed to his face, and fhow T d 

Hi* hands, and all his habit GmearM with blood. 

Th* indulgent father of the people fmil'd, 470 

And caui*d to he produced an ample Ibieid 

Of wondrous an by Diiiymaon vrougbr, 

Long fiiwe from Nepttine 1 * bars m triumph brought. 

This gWn to Kiiiii, he divides the reft ; 

And equal iultice, in hh gifts exprefs'd, 475 

The i"»tee thus ended, and rewards beftovv'd, 

Once more the priac* beipeaks the attentive crowd ; 

If there be here, whole daunt! eft courage dare 

Ilk gauntlet (v;bt f with limbs and body bare, 

His oppofitt tuft -j in in open view, 4E0 

Stand forth the champion, and the game? renew . 

Two prizes I propofe, and thus divide $ 

A bull with gilded horns, and fillets ty'd, 

Shall be the portion of the conquering chief; 

A fword and helm (hall chcar the iofer's grief. 485 

Then haughty Dares in the lifts appears ; 

Stalking he ftrides, his head creeled bears : 

His nervous arms the weighty gauntlet wield, 

And loud applaufcs echo through the field. 

Dares alone in combat us'd to (land, 4^0 

The match of mighty Paris hand to hand ; 

The fame at Heclor's funerals undertook 

Gigantic Butes, of th* Amician ftock ; 


. JBiM *I S. Book V, f, 

And* by the &rafce of his refiftleis hand, 

StrctcbM the vaft bulk upon the yellow fcnd. 495 

Such Dares was ; and fuch he ftrod along, 

And drew the wonder of the gazing throng. 

His brawny baok, . an ample breaft he fliows $ 

His lifted anas around his head he throw* 5 

And deals in whiftttng air his empty blows. 500 

His match is fought ; but through the trembling band, 

Not one dares anfwer to the proud demand. 

Prefuming of his force, with fparkling eyes, 

Already he devours the promis'd prize. 

He claims the bull with awlefs infolence ; 505 

And, having feiz'd his horns, accofts the prince : 

If none, my matchlefs valour dares oppofe, 

How long fhail Dares wait his daftard foes ? 

Permit me, chief, permit without delay* 

To lead this uncontended gift away. 510 

The crowd agents j and, with redoubled cries, 

For the proud challenger demands the prize. 

Aceftes, fir'd with juft difdain, to fee 
The palm ufurpM without a viftory, 
Rcproach'd Entellus thus, who fate befide, 51$ 

And heard, and faw unmov'd, the Trojan's pride : 
Once, but in vain, a champion of renown, 
€0 tamely -can you bear the raviuVd crown ? 
A prize. in triumph, borne before your fight, 
And ihun for fear the danger of the fight $ 520 

Where is our Eryx now, the boafted name, 
The jpd who taught your thundering, arm the game ? 



Where now your baffled honour, where the fpoil 

That fill'd your houfe, and fame that fiHM our ifle T 

Entellus, thus : My foul is (till the fame; 525. 

Unmov'd with fear, and mov'd with martial fame v 

But my chill blood is curdled in my veins, 

And fcarce the fhadow of a man remains. 

Oh, could 1 turn to that fair prime again, 

That prime, of which this boafter is fo vain ! 53^ 

The brave who this decrepit age defies, 

Should feel my force, without the promised prize. 

He faid, and, rifing at the word, he threw 

Two ponderous gauntlets down, in open view 5 

Gauntlets, which Eryx wont in fight to wield, 53.5 

And (heath his hands with in the lifted field. 

With fear and wonder feiz'd, the crowd beholds 

The gloves of death, with feven diftinguifh'd folds 

Of tough bull hides ; the fpace within is fpread 

With iron, or with loads of heavy lead. 549 

Dares himfelf was daunted at the fight, 

Renounc'd his challenge, and refus'd to fight. 

Aftonifh'd at their weight the hero ftands, 

And pois'd the ponderous engines in his hands. 

What had your wonder, faid Entellus, been, 545 ' 

Had you the gauntlets of Alcides feen, 

Or view'd the ftern debate on this unhappy green ! 

Thefe which I bear, your brother Eryx bore, 

Still mark'd with batter'd brains and mingled gore, » 

With thefe he long fuflain'd- th' Herculean arm ; 

And thefe I wielded while my blood was warm : 


545 7 

This languimM frame while better fpirit* fed, 

Ere age ttnftrung my nerves, or time o'erfnow'd my 

But, if the challenger thefe arm* refufe, 
And cannot wield their weight, or dare not ufe ; 5 e j 
If great JEntas and Aceftes jom 
In his fequeft, thefe gauntlets I refign r 
Let us with equal arms perform the fight, 
And let him leave to fear, fmce I refign my right. 
This- faid,- EntcHus for the ftrife prepares 5 560 

Stript of his quilted coat, his body bares : 
Compos'd of mighty bones and brawn he (lands, 
A goodly towering objeft on the fends. 
Then juft JEneas equal arms fuppty'd, 
Which round their moulders to their wrifts they ty'd f 
-Both on the tiptoe (land, at full extent; 
Their arms aloft, their bodies inly bentj 
Their heads from aiming blows they bear afar ; 
With claming gauntlets then provoke the war. 
One on his youth and pliant limbs relics ; 570 

One on his finews and his giant fize. 
The laft is ftiff with age, his motion flow, 
He heaves for breath : he daggers to and fro ; 
And clouds of iffiiing fmoke his noftrils loudly blow. 
Yet, equal in fuccef3, they ward, they ftrike j 575 
Their ways are different, but their art alike. 
Before* behind, the blows are dealt ; around 
Their hollow fides the rattling thumps refound : 
A ftorm of (Vrokes well-meant with fury flies, 
And errs about their temples, ears, and eyes : 580 






*z DRT DEN'S VIHG11,. 

Nor al\vays errs ; for oft the gauntlet draw* 

A fweeping ftroke, along the crackling jaws. 

Heavy with age, Entellus ftands his ground, 

But, with his warping body, wards xhe wound : 

His hand and watthfql eye keep even pace ; 585 

While Dares traverfe«, and fhifts his place ; 

And, like a captain, who beleaguers round 

Some ftrong-built caftle, on aiifing ground. 

Views all ^h' approaches with obferving eyes, 

This, and that other part, in vain he tries.} 590 

And more on induilrythan force relies. 

With hands on high, Entellus threats the foe ; "J 

But Dares watch' d the motion from below, i 

And ilipt afide, and fliunn'd the long-defcending J 

blow. jl 

Entellus waftes his forces on the wind ; 595 

And thus deluded of the ftroke defign'd, 
Headlong and heavy fell : his ample breaft, 
And weighty limbs, his ancient mother prefs'd. 
So fails a hollow pine, that long had ftood 
On Ida's height, or Erymanthus 1 wood, 600 

Torn from the roots : the differing nations rife, 
And fliouts, and mingled murmurs, rend the ikies* 
Aceftes runs, with eager haftc, to raife 
The fall'n companion of his youthful days : 
Dauntlefs he rofe, and to the fight rcturn'd, 605 

With fliame his glowing cheeks, his eyes with fury 

burn'd : 
Difdain and confeious virtue fir'd his breafr, 
And, with redoubled force, his foe he jprels'd. 



TENETS. flooK V. 9|r 

Efe lay* on load with either hand, amain, 

And headlong drives the Trojan o'er the plain, 610 

Nor flops, nor flays ; nor reft nor breath allows, 

But ftorms of ftrokes defcend about his brows j 

A rattling tempefr, and a hail of blows. 

But now the prince, who few the wild incrcafe 

Of wounds, commands the combatants to ceafe : 615 ' 

And bounds Entellus' wrath, and bids the peace. 

Firfl to the Trojan, fpent with toil, he came, 

And foothM his forrow for the fuflfer'd fhame. 

What fury feiz'd my friend ? the gods, faid he, 

To him propitious, and averfe to thee, 

Have giv'n his arm fuperior force to thine j tio 

Tis madnefs to contend with ftrength divine.. 

The gauntlet fight thus ended, from the more 

His faithful friends unhappy Dares bore ! 

His mouth and noftrils pourVT a purple flood ; €2$ 

And pounded teeth came rafhing with his blood. 

Faintly he ftaggerM through the hilling throng} 

And hung his head, and trail'd his kgs along. 

The fword and cafque are carry'd' by his train ; 

But with h?s foe the palm and ox remain. (30 

The champion, then, before JEneas came ; 
Proud of his prize, but prouder of his fame : 
O goddefs-born ! and you Dardanian hoft, 
Mark with attention, and forgive my boafl : 
Learn what I was, by what remains ; and know 63$ 
From what impending fate, you Gtv'd my fet. 




StcfTily he fpc/,:e ; ud then confronts the ball 5 
A ad, oa his ample forehead, aiming full, 
The deadly ftrokc defcending, piencM the fcnlL drops the beaft ; dot needs the feoand wound; 
But iprawls in pangs of death, and fparns the ground. 
Then thus. In Dares' ftead I offer this ; 
Eryx, accept a nobler sacrifice : 
Take the laft gift my withered arms cam yield ; 
Thy gauntlets I refign, and here renounce the field. 

This done, iEneas orders, for the ckse. 
The ftrife of archers with contending bows. 
The maft, Scrgefthus' fhatter'd galley bore. 
With his own hands he mi&s on die lhore ; 
A fluttering dove upon the top they tic, 650 

The living mark at which their arrows fly* 
The rival archers in a line advance 5 
Their turn of (hooting to receive from chance, 
A helmet holds their names. The lots are drawn ; 
On the firft fcroll was read Hippocoon : 655 

The people (hour j upon the next was found 
Young Mncftheus, late with naval honours crown'd : 
The third contain'd Eurytian's noble name, 
Thy brother, Pandarus, and next in fame : 
Whom Pallas urg'd the treaty to confound, 660 

And fend among the Greeks a feathered wound. 
Aceftes in the bottom laft remain'd ; 
Whom not his age from youthful fports reftrain'd. 
Soon all with vigour bend their trufty bows, 
And, from the quiver, each hi? arrow chofe : 665 



* M N E I S. Book V. 99 

coon's was the firft i with forceful fway 

y> and, whizzing, cut the liquid way. 

in the maft the feather'd weapon ftands ; 

earful pigeon flutters in her bands ; 

he tree trembled; and the Shouting cries 670 

e pkasM people rend the vaulted ikies. 

Mne&heus to the head his arrow drove, 

lifted.eyes, and took his aim above; 

lade ft glancing ihot, and mifs'd the dove, 

lifVd.ib narrow, that he cut the cord 675 

1 faften'd, by the foot, the flitting bird. 

aptive thus .released, away (be flies, 

Matt* with clapping wing*, the yielding ikies. 

ow already bent, Eurytian flood, 

having firft invoked his brother god, 48* 

inged ihaft with eager hafte he fped ; 
ttal mcflage reach'd her as flie fled 1 
aves her life aloft * (he ftrikcs the ground, 
coders back the weapon in die wound, 
s, grudging at his lot, remains $85 

rut a prize to gratify his pains, 
ooting upward, fends his fhaft, to fliow 
:her's art, and boaft his twanging bow. 
■ather'd arrow gave a dire portent : 
ttter augurs judge from this event. 690 

1 by the fpeed, it fir'd 5 and, as it flew, 
I of following flames afcending drew : 
ng they mount, and mark the fhiny way 

the flues, as falling meteors play, 
anifli into wind, or in a blaze decay, 695 



The Trojans and Sicilians wildly ftare ; 
And, trembling, turn tncir wonder into prayer; 
The Dardan prince put on a fmiling face, 
And ftrain'd Aceftes with a clofe embrace t 
Then, honouring him with gifts above the reft, 70© 
Turn'd the bad omen, nor his fears confefs'd. 
The god*> faid he, this miracle have wrought 9 
And order'd you the prize without the lot. 
Accept this goblet rough with figur'd gold, ' 
Which Thracian Ciffeus gave my lire of old » 705 
This pledge of ancient amity receive, 
Which to my fecond fire I juftly give. 
He faid, and, with the trumpet's chearful found, 
Proclaim'd him victor, and with laurel crown'd. 
Nor good Eurytian envyM him the prize ; 71S 

Though he traufix'd the pigeon in the fkies. 
Who cut the line, with fecond gifts was grae'd; 
The third was his, whofe arrow piere'd the maft. 
The chief, before the games were wholly done, 
Call'd Periphantcs, tutor to h»s fon ; 715 

And whifper'd thus : With fpced Afcanius find, 
And if his child Hh troop be ready joinM, 
On horfe-back let him grace his grandfire's day ; 
And lead his equals arm'd in jult arrays 
He faid, and, calling out, the cirque he clears : 7*0" 
The crowd withdrawn, an open plain appears. 
And now the noble youths, of form divine, 
Advance before their fathers in a line : 
The riders grace the fleedsj the ftceds with glcry 



JE NE I S. Book V. 

97 > 

Thus marching on, in military pride , 
Shouts of applaufe re found from fide to fid 
Their cafques, adoni'd with kurei wreaths, tney wear, 
Each brandifhing aloft a cornel fpear. 
Some at their backs their gilded quivers bore j 
Their chains of burn LihM gold hung down before 1730 
Three graceful troops they fornVd upon the green j 
Three graceful leaders at their head 
Twelve followed every chief, and left 

aown ocrorci 730 
pon the green j "J 

were feen; I 

left a fpaee be- f 

a 1 j j 1 

lovely boy, 
?py king of Troy : 
known to fame, 
[.in name ; 
acian Aecd became. 
feet before* 

The firft young Priam 
Whofe grandfire was tl 
His, in after* time 
New honours adding C< 
And well the royal boy 
White were the fetlocl 
And on his front a fno 
Then beauteous Atis, , 

Of equal age, the feco . 

The Iaft in order, but .... H ff _ate t 

Fir A in the lovely features of his face, 
Rode fair Afcanius on a fiery Heed, 
Queen Dido's gift, and of the Tynan breed* 
Sure conifers for the reft the king ordains, 
With golden bits adorn'd, and purple reins « 

The pleai'd fpctlators peals of fhouts renew. 
And all the parents in the children view t 
Their make, their motions, and their fprighily grace 
And hopes and fears alternate in their face 





Vol, VL 



Th' unfledgM commanders, and their martial train* 
Firft make the circuit of the fimdy plain,. . 
Around their fires : and, at th* app o i n ted fign» 755 
Drawn up in beauteous order, form a Hue. 
The fecond fignal founds : the troop divides..- 
In three diftinguiih'd parts, with three ditinfeuinVd 

Again they dole, and once again disjoin. 
In troop to troop oppos'd, and line to line. 760 

They meet, they wheel, they throw their darts afar 
With harmlefs rage, and weU-diflembled war. 
Then in a round the mingled bodies run 3 
Flying they follow, and purfuing Ann. 
Broken they break, and rallying, they renew 765 
In other forms the military (hew. 
At laft, in order, undifcern'd they join ; 
And march together, in a friendly line. 
And, as the Cretan labyrinth of old, 
With wandering ways, and many a winding fold, 770 
Involv'd the weary feet, without redrefs, 
In a round error, which deny'd recefs j 
So fought the Trojan boys in warlike play, 
Turn'd, and return'd, and ftill a different way. 
Thus dolphins, in the deep, each other chace, 775 
In circles, when they fwim around the watery race. 
This game, thefe caroufals, Afcanius taught ; 
And, building Alba, to the Latins brought. 
Shew'd what he leanTd : the Latin fires impart, 
To their fucceeding fons, the graceful art : 780 


4$J$¥IS. ?OOK V. 99 

3*gn theifc imner^gpinc, raceiv'd the ganp f 
Which Troy, the youths $e Trojan troop, they name. 
Thus far the facred fports they celebrate : 
But Fortune foon refum'd her ancient hate : 
For while they pay the dead his annual dues, 785 
Thofe envy'd rites Satumian Juno views j 
j^nd fends the goddefs of the various bow, 
To try new methods of revenge below : 
Supplies the winds to wing, her airy way ; 
Where in the port fecure the navy lay. 790 

Swiftly fair Iris down her arch defcends j 
And, undifcern'd, her fatal voyage ends. 
Sfce law the gathering crowd $ and gliding thence, 
The defcrt wore, and fleet without defence. 
The Trojan matrons 0/1 the fends alone, 795 

With fighs and tears, Ancfeifes' death bemoan. 
Then, turning to the foa *heir weeping eyes, 
Their pity to themielves, renews their cries. 
Alas ! faid one, what oceans yet remain 
For us to fail ; what labours to fuftain ! 800 

All take the word ; and, with a general groan, 
Implore the gods for peace j and places of their own. 
The goddefs, great in mifchief, views their pains ,• 
And, in a woman's form, her heavenly limbs reft rains 
In face and ihape, old Beroe me became, 805 

. Doriclus' wife, a venerable dame ; 
Once blefs'd with riches, and a mother's name. 
Thus changed, aroidft the crying crowd flic ran, 
Mix'd with the matrons, and thefe words began : 


H x O wretched 


mjttckte&wcr pliiMa 

In Tin*** 


mki of Ac 

r tosVd from fcon» kp 

Infcdjft*fH* ™**r« 2^ barren 

W*nd«* r in ex**, tfaragfa 

We fcucfc u ran for %ing k* 3 j. 

Now taft by fortvnt on this kM b»d. 

What fcmlrf oar reft, and rifcng **Ib 

Or binder here to 6* out bastff 4 bend * 

O, country loll/ and gwb redeemed in v*zn« 

If ftill in cndJtt* exile we resnain ! 

fchall we no more the Trojan walls renew* S15 

Or ftrtatm of fome difleatbled Sitnots view ' 

Hsfle, join with me, &' unhappy fleet confumc: 

Caflandra bids, and I declare her doom. 

In ileep I (aw her * the fiipply'd my hands 

(For this I more than dreamt) with flaming brands : 

With tbefc, (aid (he, thefe wandering (hips deftroy ; 

TMft Me your fatal feats, and this your Troy, 
tails you now, the precious hour employ. 
tot the ( good prcfage, while heaven infpires 
ndf to dare, and gives the ready fires. S3 5 

itaac's altars minifter their brands; 
IJf pleat'd f the god fupplies our hands. 
*, : rom the pile, a flaming fir (he drew, 
i» toft'd in air, amidft the gallies threw. 
'4 ' Wrap'd 


m - JEN E I &, Book V. : 101 

^frap'd in amaze, the ap^roa* wildly ftare * 849 

Then Pyrgo, reverenc'd for her hoary hair, . 
Pyrgo, the nurfe of Priam's numerous race. 
No Beroe this, though fhe belies her face : . 
What terrors from her frowning front arife j 
Behold a goddefs in her ardent eyes ! 845 

What rays around her heavenly face are feen, 
Mark her majeftic voice, and moi*e than mortal mien ! 
Beroe but now I left ; whom, pin'd with pain. 
Her age and anguifh from theie rites detain. 
She (kid ; the matrons, feiz'd with new amaze, 85* 
Roll their malignant eyes, and on the navy gaze : 
/They fear, and hope, and neither part obey : 
They hope the fated land, but fear the fatal way. 
The goddefs, having done her talk below, 
Mounts upon equal wings, and bends her painted bow. 
Struck with the fight, and feiz'd with rage divine, 
The matrons profecute their mad defign : 
They fhriek aloud, they (hatch, with impious hands, 
The food of altars, firs, and flaming brands. 
Green boughs, and faplings, mingled in their hade ; 
And fmoking torches on the fhips they caft. 
The flame, unftopp'd at firit, more fury gains 5 
And Vulcan rides at large with loofen'd reins : 
Triumphant to the painted ilerns he foars, 
And feizes in his way the banks and crackling oars. 
Eumelus was the firft the news to bear, 
While yet they crowd the rural theatre. 
Then what they hear, is witnefs'd by their eyes ; 
A ftorm of fparkles and of flames arife, j 

H 3 Afcanius 


161 drVdeIi's Vikd^L. 

Aftanius took th* alarm, while yet he led S70 

Hi* early warriors on his prancing fteed. 
And fpurring on, hi 1 equals foon o'erpaf&^d, 
Nor could his frighted friends reclaim hi* baftc* 
Soon as the royal youth appear 1 d in view, 
He fent his voice before him as he flew; 875 

What madnefs moves you T matrons, to deftroy 
The lail remainders of unhappy Troy ? 
Not hoftiic fleets, but ; hopes you bum, 

And on your friends y,i, fury turn. 

Behold your own Afca* lule he laid, RRo 

He drew his glittering y om his head ; 

In v ****-. youth" arms he led. 

By ocas an ppear ; 

a ... i ^ iw* ■ Ji fhame and fear T 

Is take their flight 1 %Z 5 
— an the light : 
Their rrtends acknowledge, and thch error find ; 
And make the goddefs from their alter 'd mind- 
Not fo the raging fires their fury ceafe ; 
But lurking in the feams, with feeming peace, 8c>© 
"Work on their way, amid the fmouldering tow, 
Sure in deftru&ion, but in motion flow. , 
The iilent plague through the green timber eats, 
And vomits out a tardy flame by fits. 
Down to the keels, and upward to the fails, 8^5 

The fire defcends, or mounts ; but ftill prevails : 
Nor buckets pour'd, nor ftrength of human hand, 
Can the victorious element withftand. 


ThepwushesojeiiU hit irafe, jtnfLtbcom ,. 
Tofceawm his hands, and wim his theiidsluY mows x 
X> Jove, he cry'd, if prayers can yet have place; 
If thou abhorr* ft not all the Bardan race % 
If any fpark of pity fttll remain 5 
If /-gods are gods, and . not invok'd in vain } 
Yet fpanf die relics of the Trojan train. 905 

"Yet from the flame* our burning veflels free i 
Or let dry fary fall alone on me. 
At this devoted head thy thunder throw, 
And fend the willing (acrifice below. 

Scarce had he faid, when ibuthem ftormt Artie 5 910 
From pole to pole the fbrky lightning 'flies $ 
Loud rattling (hakes the mountains and the plain j 
Heaven bellies downward, and defcends in tain ; 
Whole <uects of water from the clouds are ftnt, 
Which, hiffing through the planks, the flames prevent : 
And flop die fiery peft s four mips alone 
Burn to the wafte, and for the fleet atone. 

But doubtful thoughts the hero's heart divide \ 
If he fhould ftill in Sicily refide, 
Forgetful of his fates ; or tempt the main, 920 

In hope the promised Italy to gain. 
Then Nautes, old and wife, to whom alone 
The will of heaven by Pallas was fbre-fliown ; 
Vers'd in portents, experiene'd and infpir'd 
To tell events, and what the Fates required : 915 
Thus while he flood, to neither part inclin'd, 
With chearful words reliev'd his labouring mind : 

H 4 O god- 


O goddefs*borti, reJignM in every {late. 
With patience bear, with prudence pulh your fate. 
By iujfering well, out fortune wc fubdue ; 930 

Fly when ihe frowns, and when (he calls purfuc* 
Your friend Aceftes is of Trojan kind ; 
To him difclofe the fecrets of your mind : 
Truft in his hands your old and ufclcis train, 
Too numerous fur the (hips which yet remain s 
The feeble, old, indulgent of their cafe, 
The dames who dread the dangers of the fcas, 
With all their daftard erew, who date not ftand 
The fhoek of battle with your foes by land ; 
Here you may build a common town for all j 
And, from Accftes* name, Acefta call. 
The tcafons, with his friend's experience join'd, 
EncouragM much, but more difturb'd his mind. 
'Twas dead of night j when to his numbering eyes, 
His father 1 ! fhade descended from the fkies 5 
And thus he fpoke^ O more than vital breath, 
Lov'd while I liv'd, and dear ev'n after death j 
O fou, in various toils and troubles toft, 
The king of heaven employs my careful ghofl 
On his commands | the God who fav'd from fire 
Your flaming fleet, and heard your jufl dcfire : 
The wholfome counfel of your friend receive ; 
And here the coward train, and women leave : 
The choftm youth, and thofe who nobly dare 
Tranfport, to tempt the dangers of the war. 
The item Italians with their courage try \ 

h are their manners, and their minds are high. 



96c y 


*NEIS, Book V, 
But firft to Pluto's palace you ftiould go, 
And feek my made among the bteft below 
For not with impious gholb my foul remains, 96c 
Nor fuffen, with the damn'd, perpetual pains t 
But breathes the living air of foft Klyfian plains 
The c ha tic Sibylla mall your fteps convey ; 
And blood of oJfer'd victims free the way ; 
There mail yon know what realms the gods afiign j 
And learn the fates and fortunes of your line. 
But now, farewell r I vanifli with the night j 
And feel the blait of heaven- s approaching light : 
He faid, and mixM with fbades, and took, his airy 


Whither fo feftp the filial duty ciyd, 970 

And why, ah why, the winYd embrace dejivVl ! 
He faid, and rofe 1 as holy zeal infpires, 
He rakes hot embers, and renews the fires. 
His country gods and ;a then adores 
With cakes and inccn ; and their aid implores. 975 
Next for his friends anu royal hoft he fent, 
Reveal p d his vifion and the gods intent, 
With his own purpofe. All, without delay, 
The will of Jove and his defires obey. 
They lift with women each degenerate name, 9 So 

Who dares not hazard life, for future fame, 
Thefe they cafhier : the brave remaining few. 
Oars, banks, and cables half confum'd renew. 
The prince defigns a city with the plough j 
The lots their feveral tenements allow. 985 




This part u nanf d from Ilium, that from Troy * 

And the new king afecnth the throne with joy, 

A chofen fenate from the people draw* j 

Appoints the judges and ordains the laws. 

iThen on the top of Eryx, they begin qga 

A rising tempi e to the Paphian queen t 

Anchifes, laft t i* honoured as a god ? 

A prleft is added, annual gifts beftowM ; 

And groves are planted roum !ih hie ft abode. 

Nine days theyipsfs in feafts, leir temples crown "J ; 

And fumes of incenfe in the ranes abound. 

Then, from the ibuth arofi gentle breezy 

That cudM the fmoothnefs 01 the glaiTy feas : 

The rifing winds a rufflm? f&Ic afford, 

And call the merry marti ■ Knard. 1000 

Now loud lament* aW Ihores refaund, 

Of parting friends in cloie embraces bound. 
The trembling women, the degenerate train, 
Who fhunn^d the frightful dangers of the main, 
Ev'n thofe defire to fall, and take their {hare 1005 
Of the rough paflage, and the promised war. 
Whom good ^neafi cheats j and recommends 
To their new matter's care, his fearful friends. 
On Eryx', altars three fat calves he lays ; 
A lamb new fallen to the ftormy feas ; 1010 

Then flips his haulers, and his anchors weighs. 
High on the deck the godlike hero (lands; 
With olive crown'd 5 a charger in his hands ; 
Then call the reeking entrails in the brine, 
And pour'd the facrifice of purple wine. 101$ 

4 Frelk 


• JE N E I S. Book Y. 109 

The tempefts fly before their father's face 5 1075 

Trains of inferior gods his triumph grace ; 
And monfter whales before their mailer play, 
And choirs of tritons crowd the watery way. 
The martial'd powers in equal troops divide 
To right and left : the gods his better fide 1080 
Inclofe, and ontheworfe the nymphs andnereids ride. 

Now failing hope, with fweet viciflitude, 
Within the hero's mind, his joys renewM. 
He calls to raife the mails, the fheets difplay j 
The chearful crew with diligence obey ; 1085 

They feud before the wind, and fail in open fea. 
A -head of all the matter pilot (leers, 
And, as he leads, the following navy veers. 
The deeds of night had travel'd half the fky, 
The drowfy rowers on their benches lie; 1090 

When the foft god of deep, with eafy flight, 
Defcends, and draws behind a trail of light. 
Thou, Palinurus, art his deflin'd prey ; 
To thee alone he takes his fatal way. 
Dire dreams to thee, and iron fleep he bears ; 1095 
And, lighting on thy prow, the form of Phorbas wears 
Then thus the traitor god began his tale : 
The winds, my friend, infpire a pleafmg gale ; 
The (hips, without thy care, fecurely fail. 
Now ileal an hour of fweet repofe ; and I 1 ioo> 

Will take the rudder, and thy room fupply. 
To whom the yawning pilot, half afleep ; 
Me doft thou bid to truft the treacherous deep ! 




The harlot -fmiles of her diJTembliag face. 
And to her faith commit the Trojan race > 
Shall I believe the fyren ibuth again, 
And, oft betray ¥ d, not know the moofter main ? 
He faid, his faftcnM hands the rudder keep* 
And, nVd on heaven, his eye* repel invading fleep. 
The god was wroth, and at his temples threw m 
A branch in Lethe dip'd, and drunk with Stygian dew - 
The pilot, vanquish 1 d by the power divine* 
Soon dos'd his fwimmlng eyes, and lay fupjne. 
Scarce were his limbs expended at their length, 
The god, intuiting with fuperior firength, t j 1 5 

Tell heavy on him, plung'd him in the fea, 
And, with the ftern, the rudder tore away. 
Headlong he fell, and, ftruggling in the main, 
Cry'd out for helping hands, but cry'd in vain : 
The vietor daemon mounts obfcuie in air ; m& 

While the ftiip fails without the pilot's care* 
On Neptune's faith tjhe floating fleet relies : 1 

But what the man forfoojt, the gqd fupplies 5 > 

And o'er the dangerous deep fecure the navy flies : J 
Glides, by the fyren's cliffs, a fhelfy coaft, 1 125 

Iyong infamous for mips and faiiors loft j 
And wh,ite with bones : th* impetuous ocean roars ; 
And rocks rebellow from the founding fhores. 
The watchful hero felt the knocks j and found 
The tofling veffel fail'd on flioaly ground- 113O 

Sure of his pilot's lofs, he takes Juinfelf 
I The helm, and fleer* aloof, and (buns the (helf. 


M 1ST E I S. Book V. >n 

Inly he griev'd, and, groaning from the 1 
DcpJorM his death i and thus his pain exp: 
For faith rcpO£ J d on feasj and on the flattering Iky, 1135 
Thy naked corpfe is doora'd on fliores unknown to lit. 





& N E I S. 


The Sibyl forctcls iEncas the adventures he ilioulu meet 
with in ItaJy : flie attends him to hell - defending 
to him the various fcenes of that place, and conduct- 
ing him to his father Ancmfcs ; who inftru&s him 
in thofe fubhroe myfteries of the foul of the world, 
and the tranfmigmion - and flieivs him that glori- 
ous race of heroes which was to defcend from him 
and his pofterity* 

TjE faid, and wept : then fpread his fails before 
The winds, and reached at length the Cuman 
Their anchors dropt, his crew the veffels moor. 
They turn their heads to fea, their fterns to land ; 
And greet, with greedy joy, th' Italian ftrand. e 

Some ftrike from claihing flints their fiery feed ; 
Some gather flicks the kindled flames to feed ; 
Orfearch for hollow trees, and fell the woods, 
Or trace through vallies the difcover'd floods. 



JIENEIS. Book VL n; 

Thus, while their fcvcral charges they fulf ip 

The pious prince afccnd"s the facred hill 
Where Phoebus is udor'd $ and fecks the fhade 
Which hides from fight his venerable m aid- 
Deep in a cave the Sibyl makes abode j 
Thence full of fate retumEj and of the god. 15 

Through Trivia's grove they walk ; sad now behold, 
And enter now the temple roof 'd with gold. 
When D^dalus, to flj e Cretan ftvore, 
His heavy limbs on joi d pinions bore 
(The iirft who fail'd in r), 'tis fuag by fame, zo 
To the Cumsean coaft *r length he came ; 
And here alighting, b this coftly frame. 
InfcribM to Phoebus, iere he hung on high 
The ftcerage of his w***** that cuts the flcyi 
Then o'er the lofty ga 1 art embofs'd 1 5 

Androgeos' death, am ings to his ghoft : 

Seven youths from Al irl ^ fent, to meet 

The fate appointed bj 2rete. 

And next to thofe the dreaarui 11 rn was plae'd, 
In which the deftin'd names by lots were call : 3* 

The mournful parents Hand around in tean ; 
And riling Crete agamft their fhore appears. 
There too, in living fculpture, might be ieen 
The mad affe&ion of the Cretan queen : 
Then how flie cheats her bellowing (over** eye ; 55 
The ruthing leap, the doubtful progeny. 
The lower part a beaft, a man above, 
The monument of their polluted l*ve« 

Vol. VI. I Nor 


IS. Book VI. 

blaft, the hundred doors 
i ruihing whirlwind roars 
1 Sibyl's voice reftores : 
s of the watery reign, 
ills, by land remain ; 
ir'd (nor doubt th* event) 
h, but having reach'd, repent, 
view ; a field of bloods 
ith a purple flood, 
wli be wanting there j 
in arms appear : 
>-born : fierce Juno's hate* 
:, (hall urge thy fate, 
ns flialt not thou refort ! 
t every court ! 
hich Ilium once opprefsM, 
d a foreign gueft : 
ml, unbent with woes, 
: frowns, the more oppofe i 
fafety fhali be mown, 
ift fhalt hope, a Grecian town, 
rk recefs, the Sibyl fpoke, 
he thunder broke ; 
and the temple fhook. 
?ho rul'd her labouring breaft, 
ards his mind exprcft : 
in terms involv'd the reft. 
1, her foaming ceas'd, 
ml* the god decreas'd. 

I 3 The* 







EJor far from thence he grav'd the wondrous mazt 
A thoufand doors, a thoufand winding wavs ; 
Here dwells the monfter, hid from human view, 
^Not to be found but by the faithful clue : 
Till the kind artift, mov'd with pious grief, 
Lent to the loving maid this laft relief; 
And ail thofe erring paths defcriVd fo well, 
That Thefru5 conquer* d, and the monfter fell. 
Here haplefs Icarus had found his part ; 
Had not the father* s grief n:itrain s d his art* 
He twice effay'd to call his Ton in gold ; 
Twice from his hands he drop'd the forming moul. 

All this with wondering eyes tineas view'd : 
Each varying object hi* delight renewed. 
Eager to read the reft, A ''hates came, 
And by his fide the mad ivining dame ; 
The prieftefs of the god, i^eiphobe her name. 5 
Time fuffers not, ihe laid t to feed your eyes 
With empty pleafures : hafte the facrifice. 
Seven bullocks yetunyok'd, for Phoebus choofe, 
And for Diana feven unfpotted ewes. 
This faid, the fervants urge the facred rites ; 
While to the temple flic the prince invites. 
A fpacious cave, within its farrnoft p&rt, 
Was hew'd and fafliion'd by laborious art 
Through the hill's hollow fides ; before the place, 
A hundred doors, a hundred entries grace : 
As many voices iflue j and the found 
Of Sibyls* words as many times rebeund. 



M N E I S, Book VI. 115 

Now to the mouth they come : Aloud flic 
This is the time 5 enquire yourdcftHnies, 
He comes, behold the god ! Thus while fhc (kid 70 
(And Ihivering at the faercd entry (laid ), 
Her colour changM, her face was not the fame, 
And hollow groans from her deep fpirit came. 
Her hair flood up j convulfive rage pollefs'd 
Her trembling limbs, and hcav'd her labouring breaft. 
Greater than human -kind me feem'd to look : 
And, with an accent more than mortal, fpoke. 
Her flaring eyes with fiarkttng fury roll s 
When all the god came jffomg ou her foul* 
, Swiftly flie mrn'd, and naming as ihe fpoke, So 

Why this delay ? ihe c ed } the powers invoke : 
Thy prayers alone can 1 this abode, 
Elfe vain are my dema 1 nd dumb die god. 

She fa id no more : the lug Trojans heari 

O'crfpread with a dam] it* and holy fear. 85 

The prince himfelf, w nvful dread poffdVd, 
Bis vows to great Apollo thus addrefsM : 
I&dulgent god, propitious power to Troy, 
Swift to relieve, unwilling to deftroy & 
Direfted by whofe hand, the Dardan dart 90 

Pierced the proud Grecian** only mortal part ; 
Thus far, by fate's decrees, and thy commands, 
Through, ambient feas, and through devouring fands, 
Our exil'd cre*v has fought th T Aufonian ground ; 
And now, at length, the flying coaft is found ; 9 5 
^huB far the fate of Troy, from place to place, 
fch fury has purfued her wandering race s 

1 1 Here 

,T *$5*-| 


Here ccaie, ye powers,* and let your vengeance end ; 

Troy is no more, and can no more offend. 

And thou, O lacred maid I jnipir'd to lee ie< 

TH" event of things in dark futurity, 

Give me, tvnnt heaven lias promis'd to my fate, 

To conquer and command the Latian ftate : 

To fix my wandering £pds t and find a place 

For rile long exile* of the Trojan race. 105 

Then fliall my grateful hands a temple rear 

To the rwia gods, wiih vgwj and tblemo prayer ; 

And annual rites, and fefuvals T and games. 

Shall be performed to their aufpicious names ; 

Nor fhak thou want thy honours in my land, 1 r > 

For there rhy faithful oracles (hall ftand, 

Preierv'd in ibrines : and every iacred lay, 

Which, by thy mouth, Apollo fliall convey : 

All fliall be frcafur T d T by a chofen train 

Of holy priefb, and ever fliall remain. U5 

But, Oh ! commk not thv prophetic mind 

To flitting leaver, the ijport of every wind, 

Jjeft they dilperfe in air our emptv fate : 

Write not, but t what the powers ordain, relate. 

Struggling in vain, impatient of her load, 120 

And labouring underneath the ponderous god, 
The more ftie ftrove to fhake him from her breaH, 
With more, and far fuperior force he prefsM : 
Commands his entrance, and, without control, 
•Jfurps her organs and jnfpirts her foah i ic 




Book VL 


Now, with a furious bhft, the hundred do 
Ope of thernfclvc* ; a ruflnng whirlwind n 
Within the cave ; and Sibyls voice reftore^ , 

EfcapM the dangers of the watery reign. 
Yet more and greater ills, by land remain ; 
The coaft fo long defir'd (nor doubt tli* event) 
Thy troops fliall reach, but having reached, repent 
Wars, horrid war* I view ■ a field of blood } 



And Tyber rolling wi 
5iraoi$ nor Xanthus fli. 
A new Achilles /hall i 
And he, too, goddefs- 
Added to hofti]e force, 
To what ftrange natior 
Driven to folic it aid at 
Th* caufe the fame wl 
A foreign raiftrefa and 
But thou, fecure of fo 
The more thy fortune 
The dawning* of thy 

urple flood, 
it wanting there i 
.rms appear : 
n ; fierce Juno*a hate, 
11 urge thy fate, 
alt not thou refbrt \ 
. ^v court I 

'3 5 



k Ilium onec oppiefs'd, 
foreign gueft i 
unbent with woes f 
,vns, the more oppofe t 
ty fliall be mown, 
From whence thou leaft flialt hope, a Grecian town 

Thus, from the dark recefs, the Sibyl J poke, 
And the refitting air the thunder broke j 
The cave rebel low'd, and the temple {hook 
Th' ambiguous god, who rul J d her labou ting breaft , 
In thefe myfterions word* his mind cxprcft : 
Some truths reveal 'd, iu terms involved the reft 
At length her fury fell, her foaming ccas'd, 
JUd, ebbing in her foul* the god decreas'd. 

1 3 Then 

aft, 1 

h 3 


Then thus; the chief; No terror to my view f t j; 

No frightful face of danger can be new ; 
Inured to tuffcr* and rciolv'd to dare, 
The fates, without my power, fliall be without my care 
This let flic crave, near your grove the road 
, To hell lies open, and the dark abode, 160 

Whkh Acheron furrounds, th 1 innavigable fiood : 
Conduct me through the region* void of light, 
And Jend me longing to my father's fight i 
For him> a thouland danger* I have fought j 
And, rufliing where the thiekeft Grecians fought, 
Safe nn my back the facred burden brought, 
lie, for my fake, the raging ocean try'd, 
And wrath of heaven \ my ft ill aufpkiaus guide, 
And bore beyond the ftrength decrepit age lupply'd 
Oft iince he breath'd Jus lafl* in dead of night, i*a 
His reverend image flood before my light ; 
Enjoin'd to leek below his holy fhade j 
Conduced there by your unerring aid : 
But you, if pious minds by prayers are won, 
Oblige the father, and protect the fon. i 7 * 

Yours is the power ; nor Proferpine in vain 
Has made you prieftefs of her nightly reign. 
"if Orpheus* arnfd with his enchanting lyre, 
The ruthlefs king with pity could infpire, 
And from the (hades below redeem his wife ; 180 

If Pollux, offering his alternate life, 
Could free his brother * and can daily go 
By turns aloft, by turns defcend below ; 

. Why 


ANSIS. Book VI. , X9 

Why name I Thefeus, or his greater friend, 
Who trod the downward path, and upward could afcend ! 
Not lefs than theirs, from Jove my lineage came : 
My mother greater, my defcent the fame. 
So pray'd the Trojan prince j and, while he pray'dj 
His hand upon the Jholy altar laid. 
Then thus reply'd the prophetefs divine : 190 

O goddefs-born ! of great Anchifes' line, 
The gates of hell are open night and day ; 
Smooth the defcent, and eafy is the way : 
But, to return, and view the chearful Ikies, 
In this the talk and mighty labour lies. 195 

■ To few great Jupiter imparts this grace, 
And thofe df mining worth, and heavenly race. 
Betwixt thbfe regions, and our upper light, 
Deep forefts and impenetrable night 
Poflefs the middle fpace. Th' infernal bounds 200 
Cocytus, with his fable waves furrounds : 
But, if fo dire a love your foul invades, 
As twice below to view the trembling fhades j 
If- you fo hard a toil will undertake, 
As twice to pafs th* innavigable lake, 205 

Receive my counfeh In the neighbouring grove 
There (lands a tree : the queen of Stygian Jove 
Claims it her own ; thick woods and gloomy night 
Conceal the happy plant from human fight. 
One bough it bears ; but, wondrous to behold, 210 
The ductile rind, and leaves, of radiant gold : 
This from the vulgar branches muft be torn, 
And to fair Proferpine the prefent borne, 

I 4 Ere 



Ere leave be given to tempt the nether fkies : 
The fiift thus rent, a fecond will arifc, 
A ad the fame metal the fame room (implies. 
Look round the wood, with J i fret! eyes to fee 
The lurking gold upon the fatal tree : 
Then rend it off, as holy rites command ; 
The willing metal will obey thy hand, aao 

Following with eaJc, if favour 1 d by thy fate, 
Thou art foredoom p d to view the Stygian ftate; 
If notj no labour can the tree conftrain, 
And ftrength of lhibhorn arms, and flcel are. vain. 
Beiidcs, you know not, while ou here attend, 115 
Th' unworthv fat* n ippy friend r 

Breath iry'd ghoft, 

Depriv _ , E5 your haft. 

Pav firft h jr the dead, 

J I'J be led; 230 

1 .iwu, i,™.^ .«..*- ~pun his Body lay ; 
This done, fecurely take the deftin'd wayj 
To hnd the regions destitute of day. 
She faid : and held her peace, j*Eneas went 
Sad from the cave, and full of difcontent; 135 
Unknowing whom the facred Sibyl meant. 
Achates, the companion of his breaft, 
Goes, grieving by his fide with equal cares opprefs'd. 
Walking they talk'd", and fruitlefsly divin'd 
What friend the prieftefs, by thofe words, defign'd : 24* 
But foonthey found an objedl to deplore ; 
Mifenus fay extended on the fllore,. 



ANSIS. Book VI. m 

Son of the god of winds ; none fo renown'd, 
The warrior trumpet in the field to found s 
With breathing brafs to kindle fierce alarms, 24 c, 
And rouze to dare their fate, m honourable arms. 
He ferv'd great He&or 5 and was ever near, 
Hot with his trumpet only, but his fpear. 
But, by Pelides* arm when He&or fell, 
He chofc ./Eneas, and he ehofe as well. 25a 

Swoln with applaufe, and aiming ftill at more, 
He now provokes die fea-gods from the fhore ; 
With envy Triton heard the martial (bund, 
And the bold champion, for his challenge, drown'd. 
Then caft his mangled carcafe on the ftrand*- X55 
The gazing crowd around the body ftand. 
All weep, but moft JEnea* mourns his late, 
And haftens to perform the funeral ftate. 
In altar-wife a ftatety pile they rear ; 
The bafis broad below, and top advanced in air. *i«j 
An ancient wood, fit for the work deiign'd 
(The (hady covert of the favage kind) 
The Trojans found : the founding ax is ply'd : 
Firs, pines, and pitch-trees, and the towering pride 
Of foreft allies, feel the fatal ftrokc, 265 

And piercing wedges cleave the ftubborn oak. 
Huge trunks of trees, fell'd from the fteepy crown 
Of the bare mountains, roll with nun down. 
Arm'd like the reft the Trojan prince appears, 
And, by his pious labour, urges theirs. 270 

Thus while he wrought, revolving in his mind 
The ways to compafs what his wiih defign'd, 



He caft his eyes upon the gloomy grove, 

And then, with vows, implor'd the queen of Jove: 

G mav thy power, propitious ftill to me, i 

Conduit my ileps to find the fatal tree, 

In thi* deep foreft j fince the Sibyl's breath 

Foretold, alas I too true,. Mifcmis' death. 

Scarce had he laid, when, full before hk fight, *flc 

; , descending from their airy flight, 

Secure upon the graffy plain alight. 

He knew hi* mother's birds ; and thus he pray T d : 

Be you my glides, with your auipicious aid ; 

And lead my footucps, till the branch be found, 

Whole flittering fhadow gilds the facred ground : %t$ 

And thou, great parent [ with celeiEal care* 

In this diftrefs, be preicnt to my prayer. 

Thus having faid, he ftopp'd i with watchful fight 

ObJcrvtng ftrll the motions of their flight, 

What courfe they took, what hsppv figns they fhew 

They fed, and, fluttering bv degrees* withdrew 

Still farther from the place, but itill in view: 

Hopping, and flying, thus they led him on ' 

To the flow lake : whofe baleful ftench to fhun, 

They wing'd their flight aloft j then (looping low, 

Perch'd on the double tree, that bears the golden bough* 

Through the green leaves the glittering fhadOws glow$ 

As on the facred oak„ the wintery mifleto : 

Where the proud mother views her precious brood ; 

Arul happier branches, which fhe never fow'd. 30* 

Such was the glittering, fuch the ruddy rind, 

And dancing leaves* that wanton.' d ia the wind. 



Book V] 



He {eiz*d the fhinitig bough with griping 
And rent away* with cafe, the lingerine 
Then to the Sibyl's palace bone the prize. 305 

Mean time* the Trofan troops, with wet ;yes, 

To de^d Mileaus pay hit obfequies* 
Firft from the gnound a \ofa% pUe they tear, 
Of pitch-tree*, oaks, aatl piaas t *nd imctuou* fir ; 
The fabric's front, with cyprefs twigs they ftrew, 3 10 
And luck the iides with 4ghs, of baleful yeugh, 
j v. oritur aitna adorn; 

JlTiZ.t-" ' JJIC» 


The topmoit part, hii 
Warm waters, then, 
Are pourM to wall 1 hi 
And fragrant oils the 
"With groans and eric 
Then on a bier, with 
The breathkft body, 
And fire the pile, tht 
(Such reverend rites t 
Pure oil and incenfe * 




bey y, 

^1 turn d aw 

era us'd to pay)* 3- 6 
■* they thitjw* 
And fat of victims, w.ulii ma fi lends bfftow. 
Tbefe gifts, the greedy flames eg duft devour? 
± nen, on uie living coais, rea wine they pour : 
And laft, the relicka by themfelves difpofe, 325 

Which in a brazen urn the priefts inclofe. 
Old'Chorineus compafs'd^hrice the crew, 
And dipped an olive branch in holy dew; 
Which thrice he fprinHled round, and thrice aloud 
Invok'd the dead, and then difmifs'd the crowa". 330 



But good JErteas order* d on the more 
A ftatclv tomb \ whole top a trumpet bore j 
A foldier's fauchion r and a ieaman'si oar* 
Thus was his friend iaterr'd : and deathltfs fame 
Still to the lofty cape configns his name. 335 

Thefe rites perform 'ti, the prince, without delay, 
Haftcs to the nether world his deitm*d way. 
Deep was the cape j and downward as it went 
Prom the wide mouth, a rocky rough defcent ; 
And here th 1 accefV a gloomy grove defends ; 340 

And here th' ud. navigable lake extends* 
O'er whofe unhappy wat< roi& of light,. 
No bird prtfum flight ; 

Such deadly ith arife, 

And ftctimi. U the Ikies* 345 

From I 1 sir legends make, 

And gi ^ lu *ac lake. 

Four fauic uuMut.^ in cne yoke untaught, 
For facrifice the pious hero brought; 
The prieftefs pours the wine betwixt their horns 5 3.5©* 
Then cuts the curling hair ; that firJl oblation burns,, 
Invoking Hecate hither to repair 
(A powerful name in hell, and- upper air).,. 
The facred priefts with ready knives bereave 
The beafts of life, and in fuU. bowls receive 355 

The dreaming blood : a lamb to hell and night 
(The fable wool without a ftreak of white) 
JEneas offers : and, by fate's decree, 
A barren heifer, Proferpine, to thee. 


M V E I S. Book VI. 125 

_ i 

With holocaofts he "Pluto's altar fills : 36* 

Seven brawny bulls with his own hand he kills : 

Then, on the broiling entrails, oil he pours ; 

Which, ointed thus, the raging flame devours : , 

Late, the no&urnal facrifice begun ,♦ 

Ner ended, till the next returning fun. 3 6 5 

Then earth began to bellow, trees to dance, 

And howling dogs in glimmering light advance, 

Ere Hecate came : Far hence be fouls profane, 

The Sibyl cry'd, and from the grove abftain. 

Wow, Trojan, take the way thy fates afford, 3-^ 

Aflume thy 'courage, and uniheath thy fWord. 

She faid, and pafs'd along the gloomy fpace, 

The prince purfiied her fteps with equal pace. 

Ye realms, yet unrevealM to human fight, 
Ye godr, tvho rule the regions of the night, 375 

Ye gliding ghofts, permit me to relate 
The myftic wonders of your filent ftate. 

Obfcure they went through dreary {hades, that led 
Along the wafte dominions of the dead : 
Thus wander travellers in woods by night, 3 8« 

By the moon's doubtful and malignant light : 
When Jove in dufky clouds involves the flcies, 
And the faint crefcent (hoots by fits before their eyes. 

Juft in the gate, and in the jaws of hell, 
Revengeful cares and fullen forrows dwell j 385 

And pale difcafes, and repining 'age; 
Want, fear, and famine's unrefifted rage : 
Here toils, and death, and "death's half-brother, flcep. 
Forms terrible. to view, their centry keep : 


With anxious pie afore* of a guihjrniind, jg© 

Deep frauds before, and open force behind ; 
The furies iron beds, and ftrife that Shakes 
Her ruffing trdTcs, and unfolds her fnakes- 
Full in the midfl of this infernal road, 
An elm difplays her duflty arms abroad : 395 

The god of fleep there hides his heavy head, 
And empty dreams on every leaf are fpread* 
Of various forms unnumbered fpeftres more ; 
Centaury and double mapes, befiege the door; 
Before the pafTagc horrid Hydra ftands, 4&£ 

And Briareus with ail his hundred hands : 
Gorgon* , Geryoa with his triple frame, 
And vain Chimera vomits empty flame. 
The chief unflvcath'd his mining ifceel, prepaid, 
Though feiz'd with fudden fear, to force the guard. 
Offering his bnmdlftVd weapon at their face, 
Had not the Sibyl flopM his eager pace, 
And told him what thofe empty phantoms were ; 
Forms without bodies, and impaflive air. 
JHence to deep Acheron they take their way, 410 

Whofe troubled eddies, thick with ooze and clay, 
Are whiri'd aloft, and in Cocytus loft : 
There Charon ftands, who rules the dreary coaft 5 
A Ibrdid god : down from his hoary chin 
A length of beard defcends j uncomb'd, unclean : 415 
His eyes, like hollow furnaces on fire : 
A girdle, foul with greafe, binds his obfeene attire. 
He fpreads his canvas, with his pole he fleers ; 
The freights of flitting ghofts in his thin bottom bears. 


M N E I S> Book V] Mt7 

He look'd in years ; yet in his ye tfrs wet £ * 

A youthful vigour, and autumnal grcei 
An airy crowd came ruining where he ftood, 
Which filrd the margin of the fatal flood* 
Hufbands aud wives, boys and unmarry'd maids, 
And mighty heroes more majtiftic fliades, 445 

And youths* intomb'd before their fathers 1 eye& + 
With hollow groans, and fhrieks, and feeble cries, 
Thick as the leaves in autumn ifcraw the wooda : 
Or Fowls, by winter forced, forfake the floods, 
And wing their halty flight to happier lands ; 430 
Such, and lb thick, the ihivcring array ftands ; 
And prels for paffage with extended hand;;. 

Now theie, now thofe, the iudy boatman bore : 
The reft he drove to diftancc from the fhort . 
The hero j who beheld, with wondering eye*, 435 
The tumult mix'd with fhrieks, laments, and cries, 
Aik'd of his guide, v tat the rude concourfe mean: } 
Why to the fliore the .tronging people bent ? 
What form* of law among the ghofts were us'd * 
Why fume were ferry 'd o'er, and fome refus'd? 440 

Son of Anchiies, offspring of the gods, 
The Sibyl faid, you ice the Stygian floods. 
The facred ftreams, which heaven's imperial ilate 
Attefts in oaths, and fears to violate. 
The ghofts rejected, are th' unhappy crew 445 

Pepriv'd of fepulchres, and funeral due. 
jXhe boatman Charon ; thole, the bury'd hoft, 
?ie ferries over to the farther coaft. 



Nor dares his tranfport vefTel croft the waves, 
With fuch whofe bo ties are not compos 'd in grave*. 
A hundred years they wander on the fhore, 
At length, their penance done, are waited o'er. 
The Trojan chief his forward pace reprefs'd $ 
Revolving anxious thoughts within his breaft. 
He faw his friends, who, whelm 'd beneath the waves, 
Their funeral honours claim' d, and aik'd their o^uiet 

The loft Leucafpis in the crowd he knew j 
And the brave leader of the Lycian crcwi 
Whom, on the Tyrrhene fcaa the tempers met j 
The failors matter 1 d> and the fliip o'crfet. 46* 

Amid ft the fpirits Palinurns prefa'd j 
Yet ffefh from life j a new admitted gut ft. 
Who j while he fleering, view'd the ftars, and bor» 
His courie from Africk, to the Latian more, 
Fell headlong down. The Trojan fix'd his view, 46 5 
And fcarcely through the gloom the fullenfhadow knew. 
Then thus the prince : What envious power, O friend, 
Brought your lov'd life to this difaftrous end ? 
For Phoebus, ever true in all he fald, 
Has, in your fate alone, my faith betray'd. 47* 

The god foretold, you mould not die, before' 
You reached, fecure from feas, the Italian more. 
Is this th' unerring power ? The ghoft reply 'd, 
NorPhcebus flatter'd, nor his anfwers ly'd; 
Nor envious gods have fent me to the deep : 475 * 
But while the ftars, and courfe of heaven I keep, 
My weary 'd eyes were feiz'd with fatal fleep. 

I fell ; 


£ N B I S. Book VI. 129 

I fell; and, with my weight, the helm amftrain'd 
Wat drawn along, which yet' my gripe retained. 
Now by the winds, and raging waves, I iwear, 480 
Tour fafety, more than mine, was then my care : 
Left, of the guide bereft, die rudder loft, 
Tour fhip ithould run againft die rocky coaft. 
Three Huftering nights, borne by the fouthcrn blaft, 
I floated, and difcover'd land at laft : 4S5 

High on a mountain wave my head I bore ; 
Forcing my ftrength, and gathering to the fhorc : 
Panting, but paft the danger, now I feiz'd 
The craggy cliffs, and my tir'd members eas'd. 
While, cumber'd with my dropping cloaths, . I lay, 490 
The cruel nation, covetous of prey, 
Stain'd with my blood tfr* unhofpitable eoaft : 
And now, by winds and waves, my Irfelefs limbs are 

Which O avert, by yon ethereal light 
Which I have loft, for this eternal night : 495 

Or, if by dearer ties you may be won, 
By your dead fire, and by your living fon, 
Redeem from this reproach my wandering ghoft, 
Or with your rravy fcek the Velin coaft ; 
And' in a peaceful grave my corpfc compofc : 50$ 

Or, if a nearer way your, mother fhows, 
Without whole aid, you durft not undertake 
This frightful paftage o'er the Stygian lake ; 
Lend to this wretch your hand, and waft him o'er 
To the fweet bank* of yon forbidden fhore; 505 

Vol. VI. K Scarce 



Scarce had he fa id, the prophuttf* began, 

Whit htipci delude thee, miferabk man ? 

Think'ft thou, thus unuiiombM, to crofs the flood*, ' 

To view the fu*k*s, and informal gods ; 

And viiit, without leave, the dark abode* ? 510,] 

Attend tne term of loug, revolving yea in* : 

Fate, and the dooming gods, are deaf to tears. 

This comfort of thy dire mis fortune take ; 

The wrath of heaven, inflated for thy fake, 

With vengeance (hail purfue'th* inhuman costft, 515 

Till they propitiarc thy offended ghoft, 

And raifc » tomb, with vows, and folemn prayer j 

And PaUnurua* name the place fliall bear. 

This calm'd his cares, footled with his future feme, 

And pkas'd to hear hi& propagated name. 510 

Now nearer to the Stygian lake they draw, 
Whomj from the Ihorc, the fiirly boatman faw : 
Ohferv'd their paflage through the fhady wood, 
And mark'd their near approaches to the flood : • 
Then thus he call'd aloud, inflam'd with wrath ;' $z% 
Mortal, whate'er, who this forbidden path 
In arms prefunVft to tread, I charge thee ftand, 
And tell thy name, and bufincfs in the land. 
Know this, the realm of night ; the Stygian ihore : 
My boat conveys no living bodies o'er : 530 

Nor was lpleas'd great Thefeus once to bear, 
Who fore'd a paflage with his pointed fpear ; 
Nor ftrong Alcides, men of mighty fame ; 
And from th' immortal gods their lineage came. 



.JIRKTS. Book YI. 131 

In fetter* one the harking potter tyM, 555 

And took him trembling from bit fbverctgn's fide : 

Two fought by force to fctie hk beauteous bride. 

To whom the Sibyl thut t Compote thy mind 1 

Nor frauds are here contriv'd, nor force defign*d* 

Still may the dog the wandering troops contain 54* 

Of airyghofts; and m the guilty train t 

And wk£ her grifly lord hit lovely queen remain. 

The Trojan chief, whole lineage it from Jove, 

Much famM for arms, and more for filial love, 

Is font to fcek hit fire, in your Elyfian grove. 145 

If neither piety, nor heaven' t command, 

Can gain hit palfage to the Stygian ftrand, 

This fatal prefent (hall prevail at leaft) 

Then wew'd die *mining bough, conceal'd within her 


2fo more wat needful, for the gloomy god 51* 

Stood mute with awe, to fee the golden rod z 
' Admir'd the deflin'd offering to the queen 
(,A venerable gift fo rarely feen). 
His fury thus appeas'd, he puts to land ; 
The ghofts forfake their feats at his command : 55$ 
He clears the deck, receives the mighty freight, 
The leaky veflcl groans beneath the weight. 
Slowly (he (ails, and fcarcely flcms the tides t 
The preffing water pours within her fides. 
His paflcngers, at length, are wafted o'er; 560 

Expos 'd in muddy weeds upon the miry more. 
l?o fooner landed, in his den they found 
The triple porter of the Stygian found, 

K 1 Cri 

i 3 i DRYDEN'S VIRGlt. 

Grim Cerberus j who footi began to rear 
His ere lied makes, and arm'o* his britiling hair. ^65 
The prudent Sibyl had before prepaid 
A fop in honey fteep'd to charm the guard. 
Which, mixM with powerful drugs, fhe caft before. 
His gr^edv, grinding jaw* T tuft op'd to roar : 
With thrte enormous mouths he gapes, and ftraight, 
With hunger prcft'd, devours the pleafing bait. 
Long draught! of fleep his monftrous limbs enflave ; 
He reds, and, falling, fills the fpactous cave. 
The keeper eharmM, the chief without (Tel ay 
PafsM on, and took th* irremeable way. 375 

Before the gates, the cries of babes new born, 
Whom fate had from their tender mothers torn, 
A (Fault Ills ears J then thofc whom form of laws 
Condemn 'd to die, when traitors judg'd their cauJe. 
Nor want they lots, nor judges to review 5 So 

The wrongful fen fence, and award a new. 
Minos, the ftrift inquifitor, appears, 
And lives and crimes, with his afTeflbrs, hears. * 
Round, in his urn, the blended balls he rolls, 
Abfolves the juft, and dooms the guilty fouls. 585 
The next in place, and punifhment, are they 
Who prodigally throw their fouls away ; 
Fools, who repining at their wretched ftate, 
And loathing anxious life, fuborn'd their fate. 
With late repentance now they would retrieve 590 
The bodies they forfook, and wifh to live. 
Their pains and poverty deiire to bear, 
To view the light of heaven, and breathe the vital air. 
4 But 

■ .^N-BjI-S. Book VI. 133 

Sut fate forbids 5 the St ygian floods oppofe, t 
And, with nine circling (breams, the captive foul inclofe. 

Not far from thence, the mournful fields appear * 
So call'd, from lovers that inhabit there. 
The fouls, whom that unhappy flame invades, 
In fecret folitude, and myrtle (hades, 
Mftke endlefs moans, and, pining with defire, 6c* 
Lament too late their unextinguiuVd fire. 
HereProcris, Eriphyle here, he found 
Baring her bread, yet bleeding with the wound 
* Made by her fon. He (aw Pafiphae there, 
With Phaedra's ghoft, a foul inceftuous pair. 605 
There Xdodamia; with Evadne moves : 
•Unhappy both, but loyal in their love*. 
Caeneut, a woman once, and once a man 5 
But ending in the fex (he firft began. 
Not far from thefe Phoenician Dido flood, 610 

J?re(h from her wound, her bofom bath'd in blood. 
Whom, when the Trojan hero hardly knew, 
Obfcure in (hades, and with a doubtful view 
(Doubtful as he who runs through duiky night, 
Or thinks he fees the moon's uncertain light) ; 615 
With tears he firft approach'd the fullen (hade, 
And, as his love infpir'd him, thus he faid : 
Unhappy queen ! then is the common breath 
Of rumour true, in your reported death, 
.And I, alas, the caufe ! By heaven, 1 vow, 6zo 

And all the powers that rule the realms below, 
Unwilling I forfook your friendly ftate : 
Commanded by the gods, and fore'd by fate. 

K 3 Thofe 


Thofe gods, that fate, whofe unrefifted might *} 

Have fent mc to thefe regions, void of light, 625 % 
Through ihr vaft empire of eternal night. J 

Nor dar'd I to prefume, that, prtfs'd wish grief, 
My flight mould urge you to this dire relief. 
Stay, flay your fteps, and liften to my vows, 
*Tis the laft interview that fate allows f 6jo 

In vain he thus attempts heu mind to move, 
With tears and prayers, and late repenting Iotc : 
DifdainfuJIy me looked j then turning round, 
But fiVdher eyes unmov'd upon the ground : 
And what he fays, and {wears, regards no more, 635 
Than the deaf rocks, when the loud pillows roar. 
But whirl 1 d away, to fhun his hateful fight, 
Hid in the fortft, and the ihades of night. 
Then fought Sichaeus, through the fbady grove, 
Who aitfwerM all her cares, and ctjunl'd all her love. 
Some pious tears the pitying hero paid, 
And follow'd with his eyes the flitting made. 
Then took the forward way, by fate ordain'd, 
And, with his guide, the farther fields attain'd 
Where, fevcr'd from the reft, the warrior foul: 

Tideus he met, with Meleager's race, 
The pride of armies, and the foldiers grace; 
And pale Adraftus with his ghaftly face. 
Of Trojan chiefs he view'd a numerous train : 
All much lamented, all in battle (lain. 650 

Glaucus and Medon, high above the reft, 
Antenor's fo/is, and Ceres' facrcd prieft : 




JENE1S, BodK V i3S 

And proud Ids us, Priam 1 ! charioteer, 
Who f hakes his emptv reins, and aims hi war. 

The gladfome ghofts* in circling troops, attend, 65 g 
And B with uaweary'd eyes, behold their friend* 
Delight to hover near, and long to know 
What bulincfs brought him to the realms below. 
But Argive chiefs, atid Agamemnon** train, 
When his refulgent arms BafiVd through the thady plain* 
Fled from his well-known face, with w tinted fear. 
As when his thundering fword and pointed fpcar 
Drove headlong to their fhips, and glean'd the 

routed rear. 

They rais'd a feeble cry, with trembling notes ; 
But the weak: voice tl eeiv'd their gaiping throat*. 
Here Priam's fon, D.iphobus, he found, 
Whofc face and limbs were one continued wound. 
Dilhonefl, with lopp inns, the youth appears, 
Spoil P d of his nofe, arten'd of his ears* 

He fcarcely knew hu nng to difown 679 

His blotted form, and blumiug to be known* 
And therefore firit began : O Tcucer's race, 
•Who durft thy faultlefs figure thus deface ? 
What heart could wifli, what hand inflift, this dk* 

difgrace ? 

'Twas fam'd, that in our laft and fatal night, 675 
Your fingle prowefs long fuftain'd the fight : 
Till, tir'd, not forced, a glorious fate you chofe, 
And fell upon a heap of flaughter'd foes. 
But, in remembrance of fo brave a deed, 
A tomb and funeral honours I decreed : 680 

K 4 Thrice 



Thrice caird your manes on the IJVojan plains : 
The place your armour and your name retains* 
Your body too I /ought j and, had I found , 
Defign'd for burial in your native ground* 

The ghoft reply p d I Your piety has paid 6S5 

All needful rite? to re ft my wandering (hade : 
Eut cruel fate, and my more cruel wife, 
To Grecian 1 words betrayed my fleeping life. 
Thcfe are the monuments of Helen's love: 
The fli a me I bear below, the marks I bore above. 690 
You know in what deluding joys we pan: 
The nij*ht t that was by heaven decreed our laft. 
For , when the fatal horfe defcendhg down, 
Pregnant with arms, overwhelmed tJV unhappy town. 
She feign *d no&urnal orgies ? left my bed, 09 , 

And, rmVd with Trojan dames, the dances led j 
Then, waving high her torch, the fignal made* 
Which roui'd the Grecians from their ambufende* 
With watching overworn, with cares opprefs'd,' 
Unhappy I r^ad laid me down to reft ; 
And heavy fleep my weary limbs poffefsM. 
Meantime my worthy wife our arms miflay'd ; 
And, from beneath my head, my fword convey' d : 
The door unlatch'dj and, with repeated calls, 
Invites her former lord within my walls* " 705 

Thus in her crime her confidence (he plac'd, 
And with new treafons would redeem the paft. 
What need I more ? Into the room they ran, 
And meanly muxder'd a defcncelefs man. 





? 3 

N S I S. Book VL t;» 

fire? tea die way: 
power! wftk rafisccif I pmr, 

(OB; SBd IB TBBPtani ICaKCft 

ion, tiris^tothe Stypanttsse? 
by the winds aid errors of the lea, 
Or did job heaven's faperior doom obey ? 
Or fell what other chance conducts your mv 
To saew wkh mortal eyes ocr dark, retreats* 
Tumults aad torments of "th* infernal feats ? 
While thus, in talk, die flying boon they pais, -i3 
The fun had faiaVd naxe than half kis race : 
Amd they, pnlsips ^ in words and tears had fpent 
The little tkne of nay, .which heaven had lent. 
But dms the Sibyl chides their long delay ; 
Night nilkes down, and headlong drives the day : -25 
*Tis here, in discreet paths, -the way divides ; 
The righty to- Plato's golden palace guides ; 
The left to thaennhappy region rends, 
Which to the depth of Tartarus ccfccnds ; 
The feat of night profound, and punioVd fiends. 
Then thus Deiphobus : O facred maid ! 
Forbear to chide 5 and be your will obey'd : 
Lo to the (ecret (hadows I retire, 
To pay my penance till my vcars expire. 
^Proceed, aufpicious prince, with glory trown'd, 735 
And born to better f*te* than I have found. 
He faid ; and while he faid, his fieps he turn'd 
To iecret (hadowg, and in filence mourn'd. 



life f 


The hero, looking on the left, elpy*d 

A lofty tower 7 ahd ftrong on cveYy fide 740 

With treble walls, which Fhlcgethon furrounds, 

Whofe fiery flood th? burning empire hounds : 

And, prefsM betwixt the rocks* the bellowing noif 


Wide is the fronting gate, and, raised on high 
With adamantine column^ threats the (ky. 745 

Vain is the force of man, and heaven's as vain. 
To cmuS the pillars which the pile Tuftsin* 
Sublime on thefe a tower of ft eel is reared, 
And dire Tifiphnnc there keeps the ward. 
Girt in her fanguine gown, by ntgfrt and day, 75a 
Obfervant of the fouls that pafis the dnwnward way : 
From hence are heard the groans of ghofts, the paini 
Of founding laihes, and of dragging chains. 
The Trosan flood aftonifh'd at their cries, 
And a(k\! hh gui Je, from whence thofe yeljs arife ? 
And what the crimes and what the toitures were, 
And loud laments that rent the liquid air ? 
She thus reply'd : The chafte and holy race 
Are all forbidden this polluted place. 
But Hecate, when (lie gave to rule the woods, 
Then led me trembling through, thofe dire abodes, 
And taught the tortures of th' avenging gods* 
Thefe are the'realms of unrelenting fate : 
And awful Rhadamanthus rules the ftate : 
He hears and judges each committed crime ; 765 

Inquires into the manner, place, and time. 

* The 




JEN&IS. Book VL 139 

The confciou» wrctck muft all his a&s reveal s 
Loth to confefs, unable to conceal .- 
From the firft moment of his vital breath* 
To his lail hour of unrepenting death. 77* 

Straight; o'er the guilty ghoft, the fury fhakes 
' The founding whip, and brandi(he& her fnakes : 
And the pale fiimer, with her lifters, takes. 
Then, of itfelf, unfolds th* eternal door : 
With dreadful founds the brazen hinges roar. 775 
. You fee, before the gate, what {talking ghoft 
Commands the guard, what centries keep the poft. 
More formidable Hydra ftands within ; 
Whofe jaws with iron teetJr feverely grin. 
The gaping gulph, low to the centre lies j 780 

And twice as deep as earth is diitant from the ikies. 
(The rivals of the gods, the Titan race, 
Here fing'd with'lightning, roll within th' unfathom'd 

Here lie'th' Alaan twins (I faw them both), 
Enormous bodies, of gigantic growth; 785 

Who Har'd in fight the thundercr to defyj 
Affect his heaven, and force him from the Iky. 
Salmoneus, iuflering cruel pains 1 found, 
For emulating Jove j the rattling found 
Of mimic thunder, and the glittering blaze 79c? 

Of pointed lightnings, and their forky rays. 
Through Elis and the Grecian towns he flew : 
Th J audacious wretch four fiery courfers drew t 
He wav'd a torch aloft, and, madly vain, 
Sought godlike worihip from a fervile train. 795 


Ambitions fool* with horny hoofs to pafs 
CTer hollow arches, of rcfo u tiding brafs ; 
To rival thunder . in its rapid courfe, 
And imitate inimitable force. 

But he, the king of heaven, obfeure on high, Soa 
BarM his red arm, and launching from the Iky 
His writhen bolt, not fhaking empty fmoke, 
Down to the deep abyfs the flaming felon iirook. 
There Tityus was to fee, who took his birth 
From heaven ; his nurfijig from the foodful earth- 
Here his gigantic limbs, with large embrace, 
Infold nine acres of infernal fpacc, 
A ravenous vulture in his ^pcnM iide. 
Her crooked beak and cruel talons try'd : 
Still for the growing liver digged his breait $ $ io 

The growing liver flill fupplyM the feafL 
■Still are his entrails fruitful to their pain* : 
Th 1 immortal hunger lafts, th T immortal food remains* 
Ixion and Pirithous I could name ; 
And more Theflalian chiefs of mighty fame. 815 

High o'er their heads a mouldering rock is placM, 
That promifes a fall, and fhakes at every blaft. 
They lie below, on golden beds difplay'd, 
And genial feafts, with regal pomp, are made. 
The queen of furies by their fides is fet, 820 

And fnatches from their mouths th' untafted mate. 
Which if they touch, her hiding fnakes fhe rears : 
Toiling her torch, and thundering in their ears. 
Then they, who brothers better claim' difown, 
Expel their parents, and ufurp the throne j 815 


T S*H£IS. Book VL r 4 * 

Defraud* their clients, and tb lucre fold, 
Sit brooding on unprofitable gold : 
Who dare not give, and ev'n refufe to lend 
To their poor kindred, or a wanting friend ; 
Vaifc is the throng of thefe 5 nor lefs the train S3 o 

Of luftful youths, for foul adultery flam. 
Hefts of deferters, who their honour fold, 
And bafely broke their faith for bribes of gold : 
All thefe within the dungeon's depth remain, 
Defpairing pardon*, and expecting pain. 835 

M not what pains 3 nor farther feek to know 
Their procefs, or the forms of law below. 
Some, roll a- mighty ftonc ; .fome laid along, 
And, bound with burning wires, on fpokes of wheels 

are hung. 
Unhappy Thefens, doom'd for ever there, 840 

la fixM by fate on his eternal chair : 
And wretched Phlegias warns the world with cries 
(Could warning make me world more juft or wife), 
Learn righteoumefs, and dread th' avenging deities. 
To tyrants others have their country fold, 845 

Importing foreign lords, for foreign gold : 
Some have old laws repealed, new flatutes made ; 
Not as the people pleas'd, but as they paid. 
With inceft fome their daughters bed profan'd. 
AH dar'd the word of ills, and what they dar'd, attain'd. 
Had I a hundred mouths, a hundred tongues, 
And throats of brafs, infpir'd with iron lungs, 
I could not half thofe horrid crimes repeat, 
Nor half the punifhments thofe crimes have met. 




But let U5 hafte our voyage to pujiue; * S55 

The walls of Pluto's palace are in view j 

The gate, and iron arch above it, ftands 

On anvik, Labour 1 d by the Cyclops bands. 

Before our farther way the fates allow, 

Here muft wc fix on hi^h the golden bough. £6* 

She faid ; and through the gloomy Shades they pall. 

And cftofe the middle path : arrived at lafr, 

The prince, with living water, f prink led o*cr 

His limbs and body, then approached the door. 

Pnfftls'd the porch, and on the front above H5 

He . - fix T d the fatal hough, required by Pluto's love* 

Thefe holy rites perform *d, they took their way, 

Where Jong^cxtended plains of plealWc lay. 

The verdant fields with thofe of heaven may vie i 

With aether vefted, and a purple iky a 870 

The blifsf ul feats of happy fouls below : 

'Stars of their own* and their own funs they know. 

Their airy limbs in fports the/ exercife, 

And, on the green, contend the wrestler's prize 

Some, in heroic verfe, divinely fing, 

Others in artful meafures lead the ring. 

The Thracian bard, furrounded by the reft, 

There ftands confpicuous in his flowing veft. 

His flying fingers, and harmonious quill, 

Strike feven diftinguiih'd notes, and feven at once they 

Here found they Teucer's old heroic race j ^ 

Born better times, and happier years, to grace. 


Book VI 14} 

Aflaracus and I Lis here enjoy 
Perpetual fame, with him who founded 1 
The chief beheld their chariots from afar p ' 88 J 
Their mining arms, and courfers train'd to war : 
Their lances fta'd in earth, their ft red 5 around, 
Free from their harneik, graze the flowery ground. 
The love of horits which they had, alive, 
And care of chariots* after de&th furvive. £9$ 

Some chcarful fouls, were feafting on the plain ; 
Some did the fon^, and (bme the choir maintain : 
Beneath a laurel lhade. where mighty Fo 
Mount* up to woods ; aovc, and hides his head below. 
Here patriot!' live* who for their country J s good, £g 5 
In fighting fields were prodigal of blood; 
Priefts of unbleminVc 1 lives here made abode. 
And potts worthy the r ai'piring god ; 
And fearching wits, 1 f more mechanic parts, 
Who graced their age th new m vented arts* 000 
Thnfr who, to worth, leir bounty did extend ; 
And thole who kijew tftar bounty to commend. 
The heads of thefe with holy fillets bound, 
And all their temples were with garlands crown'd. 
To thcie, the Sibyl thus her ipe^chaddrefs'd 5 905 
And firft to him furrounded by the reft j 
Towering his height, and ample was his breaft : 
Say, happy fouls, divine Mufaeus fay, 
Where lives Arichifes, and where lies our way 
To find the hero, for whofe only fake ' 910 

Wc fought the dark abodes, and crofc'd the bitter lake ? 





To this the facrcd poet thus reply'd, 
In no hVd place the happy foals reGde ; 
In groves we livcj and lie on mofly beds, 
By cryftal ftreams, that murmur through the meads 
But pais yon cafy hill, and thence def cend* 
The path conduces yon to your journey's end. 
This faid, he ltd them up the mountain's brow, 
And flicws them all the ihining fields below ; 
They wind the hill, and through the blif&fuJ mea- 
dows go. 9 to 
But old An chiles, in a flowery vale, 
ReviewM his mufterM race, i took the tale. 
Thofe happy fpirits, which, lain'd by fate. 
For future being, and new m*t ies wait, 
With ftudious thought obferv th* illuftrious throng, 
In nature's order as they pa along. 
Their names, their fates, thcu Londu£t, and their care, 
In peaceful it nates, and fucceftful war. 
He, when tineas on the plain appears, 
Meets him with open arms, and failing tears. 930 
Welcome, he faid, the gods undoubted race, 
O long expe&ed to my dear embrace ; 
Once more 'tis given me to behold your face ! 
The love and pious duty which you pay, 
Have pafs^d the perils of fo hard a way. 935 
'Tis true, computing times 1 now believ'd 
The happy day approached, nor are my hopes deceiv'd. 
What length of lands, what oceans have you pafs'd, 
What ftorms fuftain'd, and on what mores been caft * 




M N E I S. Book VI. , 45 

How have I fear'd your fate f But fear'd it moft 940 
When love aflail'd you on the Libyan coaft. 
To this, the filial duty thus replies : 
Your facred ghoft before my fleeping eyes 
Appeared ; and often urg'd this painful enterprize 
After long toiling on the Tyrrhene fea, 945 

My navy rides at anchor in the bay. 
But reach your hand, oh parent fhade, nor fhun 
The dear embraces of your longing fon ' 
He {aid, and falling tears his face bedew : 
Then thrice around his neck his arms he threw : 950 
And thrice the flitting fliadow flipped away, 
Like winds, or empty dreams that fly the day. 
Now, in a fecret vale, the Trojan fees -j 

A feparate grove, through which a gentle breeze J 
Plays with a paffing breath, and whifpers through [ 
the trees, J 

And juft before the confines of the wood, 
The gliding Lethe leads her filent flood. 
About the boughs an airy nation flew, 
Thick as the humming bees, that hunt the golden dew ; 
In fi: miner's heat, on tops of lilies' feed, 960 

And creep within their bells, to fuck the balmy feed. 
The winged army roams the field around ; 
The rivers and the rocks remurmur to the found. 
TEncns wondering itood : then afk'J the caufe, 
Which to the ftream rhe crowding people draws. 965 
Then thus the fire : The fouls that throng the flood 
Arc thofe, to whom, by fate, are other bodies ow'd : 
Vol. VI. L In 



InLc^sb^thcy l^ngo)>liyioA tailci ' - '{ 

df futoe^ife fecure, forgetful of the pafl: A ^ 

J^>ng has my fouldenVd th^fime andptype, ^yf 

dfo fet before tout fig^t your glorious race* . .^ 

To feck the moret by de^foy defignU ,- 

ft Father, can it be, thai} fouls ifubtime, -..-,■■ ..•„./ 
Return to vifit our terreftiial dim* ? 9M 

Awl that the gen£imismin& releas'd by. d^p$, :> ; { ■ • 
Can covet lazy. limbs, and mortal breath J . . . ; ' 
Anchifes, then, in order thus begun 
To clear thpfe wonders to his godlike fon $ ., . : J;T/ - 
Know firft>. that heaven, and earth.'* cc^pa^ r fVai|Bf^ 
"ndflowinVwato^and^jlaiT^ . : . „ : 

ar active mind infus'd through all the fpaee, 
Unites and mingles with the mighty mafs. 985 

Hence men and beads the breath of life obtain ; 
And birds of air, and mongers of the main. 
Th* ethereal vigour is in all the fame, 
And every foul is fillM with equal flame : 
A* much as earthy limbs, and grofs allay 990 1 

Of mortal members, fubjeft to decay, >. 

Blunt not the beams of heaven and edge of day. J » 
From this coarfe mixture of terreftrial parts, 
Defire and fear by turns poffefs their hearts : 
A#d grief and joy 1 nor can the groveling mind, 1 
In, the .dark dungeon of the limbs confin'd, > 

AiTert the native ikies, or own its heavenly kind. 3* 



M N E I S. Book VT. i 4T 

Not death irielf can wholly wath their tiains : 
But long -contracted tilth, e'en in the foul, remain*. 
The relic ks of inveterate vice they wear : icoo 

And fpots of fin obfecne in even- face appear. 

For this arc various penances in'oin'd ; 

And fome are hung to bleach upon the wind ; 

Some plung'd in waters, others purg'd in tires, 1^05 

Till all the dregs are drain'd, and all the ruft cxpius ! 

All have their Manes, and thofc Manes hear: 

The few, fo cleans M, to thcie abodes repair. 

And breathe, in ample fields, the loft Elylian air. 

Then are they happy, when, by length of time. 

The leurf is worn away of each committed crime. 

No lpeck is left of their habitual ft runs ; 

But the pure a»thcr of the foul remains. 

But when a thoufand rolling years are pad 

(So long their punilhmenrs and penance laft) 5 

Whole droves of minds arc, by the driving god, 1015 

Compel I'd to drink the deep Lcthrran flood : 

In large forgetful draughts to ftccp the cares 

Of their paft labours, and their irk fome years. 

That, un remembering of its former pain, 

The foul may Aider mortal flefh again. 102 > 

Thus having faid ; the father Ipirit leads 

The prieftels and his fon through l'warim of flindes. 

Arid takes a rifmg ground, from theme to Ice 

The long procclTion of his progeny. 

Survey (purfued the fire) this airy throng ; in?.^ 

At, oiTer'd to the view, they pais along. 

L i Thrtc 



Thcfc are th* Italian names, which fate will joia 

With ours> andgraflt upon the Trojan line. 

Obferve the youth who iirft appears in fight, 

And holds the ncareft ftation to the light, tcjo 

Already fecms to fmifF the vital air, 

And leans juft forward on a ftiining fpear s 

Silvius is he : thy laft-begottera race , 

But iirft in order fent, to 611 thy place. 

An Alban name, but mixM with Dardan blood ; toj 5 

Born in the covert of a frady wood : 

Him fair Lavinia, thy furvmng wife, 

Shall breed m groves, to lead a folitary Life. 

In Alba he mail fix his royal feat : 

And, born a ting, a race of kings beget, 104+ 

Then Pro^as, honour of the Trojan name, 

Cupys, andNumlEor, of cndlcfs fame. 

And fecond Silvias after theft appears; 

Silvius JEncas, for thy name he bears, 

For arms and j u ft ice equally renown'd : 1045 

Who, late rcftor'd, in Alba Ihall be crown'd. 

How great they look, how vigoroufly they wield 

Their weighty lances, and fuftain the mield ! 

But they, who crown'd with oaken wreaths appear, 

Shall Gabian walls and ftrong Fidenae rear : 105* 

Nomentum, Bola, with Pometia found ; 

And raife Colatian towers on rocky ground. 

All thefe ihall then be towns of mighty fame, 

Though now they lie obfeure, and lands without a 


4 See 


JKMBIS. Book VI. 14* 

Sen Romhn the grn^ bora to reflate 105$ 

The crown that once hit irnjnrM grandlire wore. 
Thit prince, a priefiefi of your blood (kill bear » 
And, like hit fire, in aimt he Audi appear. 
Two rifing crefts his royal head adorn j 
Bom from a god, himself to godhead born* 1060 

Hit fire, already, fignt him for the ikies, 
And marks the feat amidft the deities. 
Auipiciout chief ! Ay race in tunes to come 
Shall fpread die conqueft of imperial Rome* 
kome, whofe afcendmg towers (hall heaven invade j 
Involving earth and ocean in her made. 
High at the mother of the gods in place ; 
And proud, like her, of an immortal race. 
Then when in pomp fhe makes die Phrygian round, 
With golden turrets on her temples crown'd, 107*. 
A hundred gods her Sweeping train fupply f 
Her offspring all, and all command the iky. 
Now fix your fight, and ftand intent, to fee 
Your Roman race, and Julian progeny. 

The mighty Caefar waits his vital hour, 1075 

Impatient for the world, and grafps his promis'd power. 
But next behold the youth of form divine, 
Caefar himielf , exalted in his line ; 
Auguftus, promis'd oft, and long foretold, 
Sent to the realm that Saturn rul'd of old ; 1080 
Born to reflore a better age of gold. 
Afric and India fhall his power obey, "J 

He fhall extend hit propagated fway £ 

Beyond the folar year, without the ftarry way. J 
L 3 Where 


H9 DRV 9X# 9 S : V I#« fJL. 

>Vljcrc Atlas turns the mUing heavens around ; 10*5 

And his broad ihonlders with their lights are crown'd. 

At his fore-ftxn approach, already quake 

The Cafpian kingdoms, and Msotian lake. 

Their feers behold the tempefls from afar, 

Ao4 threatening oracles denounce the war- ioq© 

Nile hears him knocking at his lcvcn-fold gate** 

And fecks his hidden fpring, and fears his nephew fates . 

Nor Herouka more lands or ' oars knew, 

Not though the brazen-footei Ind he flew j 

Fr«ed Eryman thus from th* aming boar, 1095 

And dipp'd his arrows in L ?an gore. 

Nor Bacchus, turning fron Indian war, 

By tigers drawn triumph 3 ^ lis car, 

From Nifus' top defcenc 1 the plains, 

With curldng vines arounu 111 purple reins. 11G 

And doubt we yet through ds gtr$ to purine 

The paths ef honour, and a crown in view 1 
But what Vthe man, who rrora aiar appears, ** *> - 

His head with olive crown'd, bk hand a cen&r bear* * 
His tioary head and holy veftments bring * ifo5 

His loft idea back : I know the Roman king. ; ' f 
He mall to peaceful Rome new laws ordain : * f 

Call'd from his mean abode, a fceptre to fuftaw. ■* 
Him Tullus next in dignity fucoeeds j ' ^\ ; 

^n a€tfve prince, and prone to martial deeds* ttwd * • 
He (hall his troops for fighting fields prepare, |f 

Ififus'd to toils, end triumphs of die war. f £ 

By dint of fword, his crown he lhall ncreafe, •'. » J 
And fcoux his.armour from the roil of peace. ~ v ^- | 


• 1 


JENEIS. Book VI. , 5 , 

Whom Aricus follows, with a fawning air 1115 

But vain within, and proudly popular. 
Next view the Tarquin kings . rii' avenging fword 
Of Brutus juftly drawn, and Rome rtftor'd. 
He firft renews the rods, and ax fevcrc ; 
And gives the corifuls royal robes to wear. 112? 

His (oils, who feck the tyrant to fuftain, 
And long for arbitrary lords again, 
With ignominy fcourg'd, in open fight, 
He dooms to death deferv'd : afTcrting public ri^hr. 
Unhappy man, to break the pious laws j 1 2 5 

Of nature, pleading in his children's caufe ! 
Howc'er the doubtful fact is undcrftood, 
'Tis love of honour, and his country's good 
The conful, not the father, fheds the blood. 
Behold Torquatus the fame track purfuc 5 1130 

And ntfxt, the two devoted Dccii view. 
The Drimah line, Camillus loaded home 
With flandards well redcem'd, and foreign foes over- 
The pair you fee in equal armour fliinc ; 
(Now, friends below, in clofc embraces join : 1 135 
But when they leave the fhady realms of night, 
And, cloath'd in bodies, breathe your upper light), 
With mortal heat each other mall purfuc : 
What wars, what wounds, what daughter, fliall enfuc. 
Fn.m Alpine heights the father firftdefccml 
His diut;htcr's hufband in the plain attend 
His daughter's hufband arms his caftcrn 

L 4 Embrace- 


cci, man 

:cnds ; 1 140 1 
ends : > 

1 friends. j 


Embrace again, my foas ; be foes no more : 

Nor ftain your country with her children's gore, 

And thou, the n"rft, lay down thy lawlefe claim ; 1 14.^ 

Thou, of my blood, who bear' ft the Julian name. 

Another comes, who ftiall in triumph fide, 

And to the capitol his chariot guide j 

From conquered Corinth, rich with Grecian fpoils. 

And yet another, fam'd for warlike toils, 1151 

On Argos (hall impoie the Roman laws : 

And, on the Greeks, revenge the Trojan can 4 1 

Shall drag in chains their Achillean race - t 

Shall vindicate his anceftors diigracc : 

And Pall as > for her violated place, 

Great Cato there, for gravity renown'd, 

And conquering CofTus goes with laurels crowa'd. 

Who can omit the Gracchi, who declare 

The Scipios 1 worth, thofe thunderbolts of war, 

The double bane of Carthage ? Who can fee, 1 1 60 

Without eftcern for virtuous poverty, 

Severe Fabririus, 01 can ceafe t* admire 

The Ploughman conful in his coarfe attire ! 

Tir'd as I am, my praife the Fabii claim $ 

And thou, great hero, greateft of thy name, 1165 

Ordain'd in war to fave the finking ftate, 

And, by delays, to put a flop to fate ! 

Let others better mould the running mafs 

Of medals, and inform the breathing brafs } 

And, foften into flefh a marble face : 1 170 

Plead better at the bar j defcribe the fkies, 

And when the ftars defcend, and when they rife. 

* But, 




M N E I S. Book VL i$j 

But, Rome, 'tis thine alone with awful fway, 

To rule mankind, and make the world obey ; 

Difpofing peace, and war, thy own majeftic way, 

To tame the proud, the fetterM (lave to free j 

Thefe are imperial arts, and worthy thee. 

Hepaus'd : and while with wondering eyes they view'd 

The palling fpirits, thus his fpeech renew'd: 

See great Marcell us ! how, untir'd in toils, 1180 

He moves with manly grace, how rich with regal fpoiis ! 

He, when his country (threaten'd with alarms) 

Requires his courage, and his conquering arms, 

Shall more than once the Punic bands affright : 

Shall kill the Gaulifh king in lingle fight : 1 1 85 

Then, to the capitol in triumph # move, 

And the third fpoiis fhall grace Feretrian Jove. 

jEneas, here, beheld of form divine 

A godlike youth, in glittering armour fhine ; 

With great Marcellus keeping equal pace ; 1)90 

But gloomy were his eyes, dejected was his face ; 

He faw, and, wondering, afk'd his airy guide, 

What, and of whence was he, who prefs'd the hero's 

fide ? 
His fon, or one of his illuftrious name, 
How like the former, and almoft the fame : 1 19 j 

Obferve the crowds that compafs him around : 
All gaze, and all admire, and raife a (houting found 1 
But hovering mills around his brows are fpread, 
And night, with fable fhades, involves his head. 
Seek not to know (the ghoft reply'd with tears) 1200 
The forrows of thy fons in future years. 



'fhis youth (the blifsful virion of a day) 
Shall juft be (hown on earth, and fhatch'd away. 
The gods too high had ntis'd the Roman fate-; '; 
Were biit'their gifts as permanent as great..' i*e£ 
What groans of men (hall fill the Martian field ! 
How fierce a blase his "flaming pile wall yield ! 
What funeral pomp (hall floating Tiber fee, ' 

tfofen, rifing from his bed, he views die J (kd ' folefflfcrty! 
Nb'ysuth (hall equal hopes of glory give'i iVfc* 

No yotith afford fo great a caufe to grieve. ; ' ** 

The Trojan honour, and the Roman Waft i 
Admir'd when living, and ador'd whin idft?. . " ;i * 
Mirror of ancient faith in early youth ! 
Undaunted worth, inviolable truth! .' J 'X**\ 

No foeunpuH$lh*d In die fightihg'fieKl, " fr 

Shall dare the* fddfto foot, with fwtird *&%}$& V 
Much left, m aliens oppofe diy'lilatcMeis'roTfe, ' * v 
tVhen thy (harp fpurs (hall urge thy foaming horfe. 
Ah, cbuldft thou break through fate's fevere decree, 
A new Marcellus (liall arife in thee ! 
full canifters of fragrant lilies bring, 
Mix'd with the purple rofes of the fpring : 
Let me with funeral flowers his body ftrow, 
This gift which parents to their children owe, 1225 
This unavailing gift, at leaft I may beftow ! 
Thus liaving faid, he led the hero round 
The confines of the bleft Elyfian ground, 
Which, when Anchifes to his fon had fliown, 
And fir'd his mind to mount the promi s'd throne, 1 2 $• 



JB)NEIS. Bjo «k "VI. 155 

He tells the future wars, ordain'd by fate ; 
The ftrength and cuftoms of the Latian ftate : 
The prince, and people : and fore-aims his care 
With rules, to pufli his fortune, or to bear. 
Two gates the filent houfe of deep adorn $ 1235 

Of poliih'd ivory this, that of tranfparent horn j 
True viiions through transparent horn arife ; 
Through polifh'd ivory pafs deluding lies. 
Of various things difcourfing as he pafs'd, 
Anchifes hither bends his Heps at laft. 1 240 

Then, through the gate of ivory, he difmifs'd 
His valiant offspring, and divining gucft. 
Straight to the (hips JEneas took his way ; 
Embark'd his men, and ikim'd along the fea : 
Still coaftmg, till he gain'd Cajeta's bay. 1245 
At length on oozy ground his galttes moor : - 
Their heads are tura'd to fea, their items to fhore. 





M N E I 


King Latinus entertains ^Eneas, and promifes him 
his only daughter, Lavinia, the heirefs of his 
crown. Turnus, being in love with her, favoured 
by her mother, and ftirred up by Juno and Ale&o, 
breaks the treaty which was made, and engages in 
his quarrel Mezentius, Camilla, Meflapus, and 
many other of the neighbouring princes ; whofe 
forces and the names of their commanders are parti- 
cularly related. 

A ND thou, O matron of immortal fame ! 

Here dying, to the more haft left thy name 5 
Cajeta ftill the place is called from thee, 
The nurfe of great Eneas' infancy. 
Here reft thy bones in rich Hefperia's plains, 5 

Thy name ('tis all a ghoft can have) remains. 

Now, when the prince her funeral rites had paid, 
He ploughed the Tyrrhene feas with fails difplay'd. 



JENSIS. Book VII. 157 

From land a gentle breexe arofe by night. 

Serenely (hone the ftars, the moon was bright, 

And the fea trembled with her filver light. 

Mow near the (helves of Circe's fhores they run 

(Circe the rich, the daughter of the fun), 

A dangerous coaft : the goddefs waftes her days 

In joyous longs, the rocks refound her lays : 1 5 

In fpinning, or die loom, (he fpends the night, 

And cedar brands fupply her father's light. 

From hence were heard (rebellowing to the main) 

The roars of lions that rcfufc the chain, 

The grunts of briftled boars ; and groans of bears, £• 

And herds of howling wolves that ftun the failors cars. 

Thefe from their caverns, at the dofe of night, 

Fill the fad ifle with horror and affright. 

Darkling they mourn their fate, whom Circe's power 

(That watch'd the moon, and planetary hour) 

With words and wicked herbs, from human kind 

Had alter*d, and in wicked (hapes confin'd. 

Which monitors, left the Trojans pious hoft 

Should bear or touch upon th' inchanted coaft : 

Propitious Neptune fleer' d their courfe by night, 30 

With rifing gales, that fped their happy flight. 

Supply 'd with thefc, they ikirn the founding fhorc, 

And hear the fwelling furges vainly roar. 

Now when the rofy morn began to rife, 

And weav'd her fefifron dreamer through the ikies ; 35 

When Thetis blufh'd in purple, not her own, 

And from her face the breathing winds are blown, 


Mfvat the tnHbfl 



Glide dwca* th*gUoi»y fci^ «■ § !■* ^rl^fT 
Now, £ff»v tofyet+wimHmSfmtt, ''■■ - 

A^tftefe*lw*.*yctfaftrifr«, .-vS 

Rdate wkwc Lama <at : kr aneot kngr ? 

Declare the poft, ad pcefcnt flats ofthmgs : 55 

When firft the Troiam fleet Auibniarfbwgnt ? 
And how the rival* Io?'d, and how they fought, 
Thefe are my theme, and how the war began-, 
And how concluded by die godKke man*' 
For I (hall ring of battles, blood, and rage, : * "&i 
Whichr priaces and their people did engage r ■* ■ 
And haughty fouls, that, morM w ith - nmtu aHate; - 
la lighting field* pnrfbed and found then- fair r - 7 
H»t Mh*4 tftfc Tyrrhene real* 'with tettcHdArmsf 
Arid peatifir Italy invof^d in aim: ' *$ 

A laigtf AtefHfo^t&latt is dHplayMi ■"• '■■'■"<-' - -— 
**di fifing hence, a greater work is weigh'd. 

4 Latinui, 


. WPrfMftlrS. Book TIB 151 

T ^j f ^ pld a^4tinild 9 . had long palTefs'd 
The Latium fcspfre, and his people bleft'd s 
Hit father, Fauou* * a Laurentian dame 70 

His mother, fajr.Marica was her name. 
But Faunus fame from Bicus, Picusdrew 
His birth from. Saturn, if records be true. 
Jthm Kipg Latjnus, in the third degree, 
ftafl Saturn author of his family. 75 

But this old peaceful prince, as heaven decreed. 
Was blefi'd with no male-hTuc to fucceed ; 
His fons in blooming youth were fnatch'd by fate : 
One only daughter beirM the royal ftatc. 
Fir'd with her love, and with, ambition led, 80 

-foe neighbouring princes court her nuptial bed. 
Among the' crowd, but far above the reft, 
Young Turnus to the beauteous maid addrefs'd. 
Turnus, for high defcent and graceful mien, 
Was firft, and fayour'd by the Latian queen 1 8 5 

With hhn (he ftrove to join Lavinia's hand ; 
But dire portents the purpos'd match withftand. 

Deep in the palace, of long growth, there flood 
A laurel's trunk, a venerable wood ; 
Where rites divine were paid j whofe holy hair 90 
Was kept, and cut with fuperftitious care- 
This plant Latinus, when his town he wall'd, 
Then found, .and from the tree Laurentum call'd : 
And laft; in honour of his new abode, 
He voWd the laurel to the laurel's god, 9 5 

It nappen'd once (a boding prodigy) 
^.fVarm of bees that cut the liquid iky, 



Unknown from whence they took their mtj *i ghr, 

Upon the topmaft branch in dcWialqgpaTs 

There, with their dafpeng feet mplhn dnb i#0 

And a long clafterfrom the laurel lung. 

An ancient Augur prophefy*d from hence s 

Behold on Latian fnres a foreign priace 1 

From the fame parts of heaven hb nary Cauda, p 

To the fame ports on earth : his army lands { 105% 

The town he conqpers, and die tower commands. ^ 

Yet more, when fair Lavinia fed the fire 

Before the gods, and ftood befide her fire ; 

Strange to relate, the flames invmVd the (moke 

Of incenfe, from the (acred ahar broke: no 

Caught her diihercrd hair and rich attire ; 

Her crowns and jewels crackled in the fire : 

From thence the fuming trail began to fpread, 

And lambent glories dane'd about her head. 

This new portent the feer with wonder views 5 115 

Then paufing thus, his prophecy renews : 

The nymph whofcatters flaming fires around, 

Shall (nine with honour, fliall herfelf be crown'd ; 

But, caus'd by her irrevocable fate, 

War (hall the country waftc, and change the (late, na 

Latinus frighted with this dire oftent, 

For counfel to his father Faunus went : 

And fought the (hades renown'd for prophecy, 

Which near Albunea's fulphurous fountain lie. 

To thofc the Latian and the Sabine land 115 

Fly, when diftiefs'd, and thence relief demand. 


Book VII 61 

The prieft on fkins of offe rings takes his cafe ; 

And nightly vifions in his (lumber fees i 

A fwarni of thin aerial fhapes appears, 

And t fluttering round his temples, deafs his ears ; 130 

Thefe lie confults, the future fates to know, 

From powers above, and from the fiends below. 

Here, for the god *s advice, Latinus flies, 

Offering a hundred fheep for facrifice ; 

Their woolly fleeces, a* the rites required, 135 

He laid beneath him, and to reft retired. 

No fooncr were hit eyes in {lumber bound, 

When, from above, a more than mortal found 

Invades hia tars : and thus the vifion fpoke t 

Seek not, ray feed, in l-atian bands to yoke 

Our fair Lavinia, nor the gody provoke, 

A foreign fon upon the fhore defcends, 

Whofe martial fame from pole to pole extends. 

His race in army, and arts of pence renown'd, 

Not La tin ii 1 thai] ftmtain^ nor Europe bound : 145 

'TU theirs whale 'er the fun furvevs around* 

Thcfc anfwers in the fileni night receiv'd, 

The king hi-mfelf divulgM, the laud believ'd : 

The fame through ail the neighbouring nations flew 

When now the Trojin navy was in view. i ^o 

licncath a iliady tree the hero fpread 
His table on the turf, with cakes of bread ; 
And 5 with his chiefs, on foreft fruits he fed. 
They fate, and (not without the god's command) 
"""heir homely fare dilpatchM; the hungry band 1 <5 

VOL. VI. " M Invade 

140 S 



d arras its ^ntoix. 



A*# tim am* html ptw «rf «& fai imU 

* WVr> rttt*#W*3pi tluKKt, iBftad n£i 

.fe pat* wenry Tfriaiw win anvnrft 
: **« felHMm of |«ir «w*ge ol. 

" A nrt .vi rh ii tfc*th mcMfe ?hc fmtrfal field.** 
*thh *>** thnt tumintr thia the feral pforc, 

Wi rl ■•>■ -vh ffa w^fwlenng fff oor nil'd race* 
Tf^n, on f^-nVTrow's dawn, your care employ 
*t>t frnfrh thr l*nd, and where the cities lie, 
Awl vv'lmfr the men t bin give this day to joy. 
Nn*v fumr tn Jure, ttntl after Jove is blcft, 
I'rill ^imtt A Mobile* rn the genial feaft i 
t*r^wM hU<h the pnh|t»t< with a ehearful draught; 
fcW»*y M\r ^relent hnur ; adjourn the future thought. 
1 lUU haHHfc tHUl* the hew hound his brows 
\\\ \*\\\ bumthts then |>erforra'd his row*: 





M N R t S. Hook V tfj 

A daring firfl the g*niu* of the place, ' 185 

Then earth, the in other of ttir hcawnlv mcc 1 
The nymphs, and native godheftth >et unknown, 
And night, and all the ttani tHnr ppM hei fa Me llitanei 
And ancient Cybel» and I J tun Joti ; 
And kft his firv hclou , and mother tjuetn ahoy*. 190 

Then heaven** hi^li monarch thnotln M r h ovid 1 

And thrice he flWk nWr a gulden cloud, 
BOOB thiom;h the joyful ctfof n i-tummr flew t 
The time «*•! ©OHM their city to renew t 
Then every brow with chcnrful green is ernwtiM* tg$ 
The fea(K arc &wbbd, and the bowl* ru round* 

When next the. ioiy morn dilciwd this duy* 
The fronts to fevend puru divide their way, 
To karn the natives nnmci, their towns* implore 
The coaft, and trending* of the crooked Ehotl t §0$ 
Here Tiber flow*, and here Nuinicu* ftumlu, 
Hcpc warlike I-sif \m hold the happy land*. 

The pious chief, who fought by peaceful ways 
To found his empire* and hil town to mite, 
A hundred youths frqm id I Ml tndn lelvrl*! 105 

And to the Latian court their cowrie directs 
(The fpacious palace where the prince redden) s 
And all their heads with wreaths of olives hides. 
They go commiflion'd to require a peace \ 
And carry prefents to procure accefs. 2 1 • 

Thus while they fpeed their pace, the prince defigns 
The new-elected feat, and draws the lines » 
The Trojans round the place a rampart call, 
And palifades about the trenches plac'd. 

M i Mean 



Mean time the train, proceeding on their way, art 
From far the town, and lofty towers furvey ; 
Ar length approach the walk : without the gate 
They fee the boys and Laclan youth debate 
The martial prizes on the dufty plain : 
Some drive the cars* and fame die courfer* rein j 3 
Some bend the ftubborn bow for vi&ory s 
And fome with dans their active finews try, 
A potting mehenger diipatch'd from hence, 
Of this fair troop, advis'd their aged prince ( - 
That foreign men, of mighty ftarure, came ; 2 

Uncouth their habit, and unknown their name. 
The king ordains their entrance t and afcends 
His regal fcr,t T fnrrounded by his friends. 
The palace built by Picui r v: Land proud, 
Supported by a hundred p • flood ! 133 

And round encompafsM wi^i a rifing wood. 
The pile o'erlook'd the town, and drew the fight, 
Surpriz'd at once with reverence and delight. 
There kings receiv'd the marks of fovereign power : 
In ftate the monarch march'd, the lienors bore 235 
Their awful axes, and the rods before. . 
Here the tribunal flood, the houfe of prayer ; 
And here the facred fenators repair : 
All at large tables, in long order fet, 
A ram their offering, and a ram their meat. 249 

Above the portal, carv'd in cedar wood, 
Plac'd in their ranks, their godlike grandfires flood. 
Old Saturn, with his crooked fcythe, on high ^ 
And Italus, that led the colony : 





Book VTC. r6c 

And ancient Janus, with his double face, 145 

And bunch of keys, the porter of the plat 
There ftood Sabinus, planter of the vines j 
On a ftiort prunlng-hook his head recline;? ; 
And ftudioufly furveya hit generous wines* 
Then warlike kings, who for their country fought, 
And honourable wounds from battle brought. 
Around the pofh hung helmet s, darts, and fpears, 
And captive chariots, axes, fhields, and bars, 
And broken beaks of fhips. the trophies of their 

Above the reft, as chief of all the band* 
Was Picus placed, a buckler in his hand j 
His other wav'd a long* divining wand* 
Girt in hia gabin gown the hero fate : 
Yet could not with his art avoid his fate. 
For Circe long had Iov T d the youth in vain, *6o 

Till love, refused, converted to difdain : 
Then mixing powerful herbs, with magic art, 
She chang'd his form, who could not change his heart. 
ConftrainM him in a bird p and made him fly 
With party* coloured plumes, a chattering-pye. 165 
In this high temple, on a chair of ft ate, 
The feat of audience, old Latin us fate ; 
Then gave admirjlun to the Trojan train. 
And thus, with pleating accents, he began : 
Tell me, ye Trojans, for that name you own ; 27^ 
Nor is your courfe upon our coafta unknown ; 
Say what you feck, and whither were you bound * 
Were you by ftreft of weather caft a-ground I 

M 3 Va&V 


Such dangers of the fea are often Teen, 

And oh befal to miferable men. *yj 

Or come, your Shipping m our ports to htf a 

Spent and da fabled in fo long a way r 

Say wh^t you want ; the Larians yoo mail find 

Not fort'd to goodneis, bat by will indm/d ; 

For fince the time of Saturn's holy tugn $ *&© 

His hofpitahle cuft«ois we retain, 

1 call to mind (but time the tal : has worn) 

Th 1 Arunci told ; that Darda? 35, though bout 

On Lati^n plains , yet fought * z Phrygian ihorr, 

And Samothraeia,, Samos c before s it 5 

From Tufcan Corn urn he < 'd hit birth. 

But after, when exempt fVt-„. . tonal earth, 

From thence afecuded to hb idird ftka, 

A god, and as a god augme heir facrifioe. 

He Tajd. LI tone us made this rtply : j^o 

O king, of Faunus* royal family ! 

Nor wintery winds to Latium fore'd our way, 

Nor did the ftars our wandering courfe betray. 

Willing we fought your fhores, and hither bound, 

The port fo long denr'd, at length we found. 195 

From our fweet homes and ancient realms expel I'd; 

Great as the greateft that the fun beheld. 

The god began our line, who rules above, 

And as our race, our king defcends from Jove : 

And hither are we come, by his command, 300 

To crave admiilion in your happy land. 

How dire a tempefr, from Mycenae pour'd, 

Our plains, our temples, and our town devoured ; 



1NEIS. Boose VII iff 

What was the wafte of war, what dire al 
Shook AuV* crown with European arms v 305 

Ev T n fiich have heard, if any fuch there be, 
Whofe earth h bounded by the froze a fea : 
And fuch as born beneath the burning fky, 
And fultry fun betwixt the tropics lie. 
From that dire deluge, through the watery waftc, 310 
Such length of year*, fuch various perils part * 
At laft efcapM, to Latium wc jrcprtir, 
To bc^ what you without yourw r ant may {pare j 
The common water, and the common air. 
Sheds which ourfelves will build, and mean abode*, 
Fit to receive and ferveour banifVd gods. 
Nor our admitfion llia.ll your realm difgrace, 
Nor length of time our gratitude efface, 
Belidea what cudlefs honour you fhall gain 
To fave and fhcUer Troy's unhappy train. 310 

Now, by my ibvcreign, and his race, I fwear, 
Renown'd for faith in peace, for force in war j 
Oft our alliance other lands defir'd, 
And what we feck of you, of us requir'd. 
Defpife not then, that in our hands we bear 325 
Thefe holy boughs, and fue with words of prayer. 
^ Fate and the gods, by their fupreme command, 
Have doom'd our (hips to feek the Latian land. 
To thefe abodes our fleet Apollo fends ; 
Here Dardanus was born, and hither tends. 
Where Thufcan Tiber rolls with rapid force, 
And where ,Numicus opes his holy fource. 

M 4. Befides, 


Brfdci, our prince pre fen ti, with hit i etgocd. 
Some fan j ] remain* of what bis fire pofeVd. 
Thtf golden charger, fkatch'd from btrang Tjov, 
Anchifef did in facrifctc employ -, 
This r&yaJ robe, and thii tiara wore 
Old Priam* and this golden fceptrt bar* 
In full afTembliei f and in fclemn 
Tbdc purple vefts were weavVl by 

Thu* while be fpoke, Litmus rolled 
Hit eyes, and nVd awhile upon the £too?kL 
Intent be feenTd, and anxious in his breaft ; 
Not by thefceptre nrav'd, or kingly vefr : 
But pondering future thing* of wtradfom weight r 
Soc€efiion t empire, and hit daughter'- rase 
Oft ihefc be mus'd within fan tnoughtfa! mud ; 
And then rdblv'd what Faunus bad drvm'd. 
*Thi* was the foreign prince, by fate decreed 
To fljare hw Jccptre, and Lavi&ia'h bed, jj* 

This was the race that fure portents forefliew 
To fway the world, and land and fea fubdue. 
At length he rais'd his chearful bead and fpokc : 
The powers, laid he, the powers we both invoke, 
To you, and yours, and mine, propitious be, 353 

And firm our purpofe with their augury. 
Have what you afls. t your prefents I receive ; 
Land where, and when you pleaie, with ample leave ; 
Partake and ufe my kingdom as your own ; 
It ihall be yours, while I command the crown. 360 
And if my wiuVd alliance pleafe your king, 
Tell him be fhould not fend the peace, but bring : 


M N E I S. Book Vt rty 

Then let him not a friend's embraces feat 

The peace is made when I behold him he 

Be fides this anfwer, tell my royal gueft, 365 

I add to his commands my own requefi: ; 

One only daughter heirs my crown and ftatc, 

Whom, not our oracles, nor heaven, nor fate, 

Nor frequent prodigies, permit to join 

With any native of th* A u Ionian line, 370 

A foreign fon- in A aw mall come from far , 

(Such is our doom), a ehief reuown'd in war : 

Whafe race ftiall bear aloft the Latian name* 

And through, the conquer'd world diffufe our fame. 

Himielf to be the man the fates require, 375 

I firmly judge, and what I judge, defire. 

He faid, and then on each beftow'd a (Iced ; 

Three hundred hories, in high ftables fed, 

Stood ready, Aiming all, and fmoothly drefs*d t 

Of thefe he chofe the faireft and the be ft, 38a 

To mount the Trojan troop ; at his command, 

The fteeds caparikm'd with purple ftand ; 

With golden trappings, glorious to behold, 

And champ, betwixt their teeth, the foaming gold. 

Then to his abfent gueft the king decreed 385 

A pair of courfers born of heavenly breed : 

Who from their noftrils breath'd ethereal fire ; 

Whom Circe ftole from her celeftial fire j 

By fubftituting mares, produe'd on earth, 

Whofe wombs conceiv'd a more than mortal birth. 

Thefe draw the chariot which Latinus fends j 39 1 

And the rich prefent to the prince commends. 


Iirj3»5 ^t.c «r 


fk«!# *mmriih'(t hiati am£t in toil cmaarf, , xre 

K&&&V / Ui'iwm } 'tr Her <3np*re ar m caitL. 
fc<izri*U£\ i*wt r.r' ^ is ail arc farytpear^ 

A* *£ *f j»er«- little f;<wv ±e;r mm tn dxace* 
I rft*wr><#i fhit fea* purtsieii efadr ex&'£ race : 4.15 

fcrK'^M fhe fct«a*wia, ">p*w'd: rfce rfonny main ; 
fotf ta\Uvj9% ff&t'&y nod tempe&s ng'd in vsin. 
WK^f k<*v» my ScrtW* and my Syra»<fooe, 
Wk*fi fifdk they mtxyafay and tfaote riser foia. ~ 
<># T itw'i ffaret ffcey bikf , feenre of fate, 42© 

'friMtofltimt tftt th€ form's and Juno's bate. 

4 Man 

M N E I S, Boor VIJ 171 

Mars could in mutual blood the centaurs 

And Jove himfelf gave way to CyntruVs 

Who fent die tulky boar to Calvdou. ; 

What great offence had cither people done ? | 4*5 

But I j the confort of the thimderer, 

Have wag'd a long and uufuccclsfuj war : 

W^th various arts and arms in vain have toil 'J, 

And by a mortal man at length am foilM. 

If native power prevail not> iliall I doubt 43* 

To fcek for needful fuccour from without ? 

If Jove and heaven my juft defires deny, 

Hell ihall the power of Heaven and Jove fupply. 

1 Grant that the rates have firoVd by their decree, 

Xhe Trojan race to retgn in Italy : 43$ 

At I tail I can defer the nuptial day r 

And j with prot rafted wars, the pence delay : 

With blood the dear alliance lhall be bought ; 

And both the people near deftru ftiun brought. 

So (hall the foiv- in- Jau and father join* 446 

With ruin t war, and wafte of either line, 

O fatal maid ! thy marriage is endowed 

With Phrygian, Latian, and Rutilian blood I 

Bellona leads thee to thy lover's hand, 

Another queen brings forth another brand ; 445 

To burn with foreign fires her native land 1 

A fecond Paris, differing but in name, 

Shall fire his country with a fecond flame. 

Thus having faid, the finks beneath the ground 
With furious hafte, and moots the Stygian found ; 




To route Ale&o from th' infernal feat 

Of her dire lifters, and their dark retreat. 

This fury fit for her intent (he chafe, 

One who delights in wars, and human woes. 

Ev'n Pluto hates his own mif-fhapen race ' 45^ 

Her fifter-furies fly her hideous face : 

So frightful are the forms the monfter takes, 

So fierce the hidings of her fpeckled (hakes. 

Her Juno finds, and thus inflames her fpiter 

O virgin daughter of eternal night, 

Give me this once thy labour, to fuftain 

My right, and execute my juft difdain. 

Let not the Trojans, with a feign'd pretence 

Of proflerM peace, delude the Latian prince : 

Expel from Italy that odious name, 4*5 

And let not Juno fuffer in her feme. * 

*Tis thine to ruin realms, overturn a ftate, 

Betwixt the deareft friends to raife debate, 

And kindle kindred blood to mutual hate. 

Thy hand o'er towns the funeral torch difplays, 470 

And forms a thoufand ills ten thoufand ways. 

Now (hake from out thy fruitful breaft die feeds 

Of envy, difcord, and of cruel deeds : 

Confound the peace eftablHh'd, and prepare 

Their fouls to hatred, and their hands to war. 475 

Smear'd as (he was with black Gorgonean blood, 

The fury fprang above the Stygian flood : 

And on her wicker wings, fublime through night. 

She to the Latian palace took her flight* 




Book VII, lyj 

There fought the queen's apartment*, fto e 

The peaceful threshold, and befieg*d the < 

Reliefs Amata lay, her fwelling breaft 

FirM with difdain for Turn us difpufieft, 

And the Dew nuptials of the Trojan gueft. 

From her black, bloody lotks the fury (hakes 4.85 

Her darling plague, the favourite of her makes : 

With her full force fhe threw tne poifououa dart, 

And fiVd it deep within Aimra's heart : 

That thus envenomed fhc might kindle rage, 

And facrihee to ftrtfe her houfe and huibaud - ^ age* 

Unfcen, unfelt, the fiery ferpent Jkim* 

Betwixt her linen, and her naked limbs* 

Hi* baleful breath infpiring gf he glides, 

Now like a chain around her neck he rides ; 

Now like a fillet to her head repairs, 495 

And, with her circling volumes, fold* her hair** 

At firft the filent venom Hid with cafe. 

And feiz'd her cooler fenfes by degree* 1 

Then > ere th J infe&od man was nVd too far, 

In plaintive accents (he began the war : 5c* 

And thus befpoke her hufband : Shall, (he faid, 

A wandering prince enjoy Lavinia's bed I 

If nature plead not in a parent's heart, 

Pity my tears, and pity her defert : 

I know, my deareft lord, the time will. come, 505 

You would, in vain, reverfe your cruel doom : 

The faithlefs pirate foon will fet to fea, 

And bear the royal virgin far away ! 

A guefi. 


A gueft like him, a Trojan cpieft before, 1 

In fliew of friendftup, fought the Spartan (bore ; V 

And ravilVd Helen from her hufband bore. J 

Think on a kind's inviolable word ; 

And think on Turnus, her oncc-pli^htcd lord : 

To this filfe foreigner you give your throne, 

And wrong a friend^ a kinfman, and a Ion. 515 

Refbmc yonr ancient care j -^^ if the god, 

Your firt, and you, refalv foreign blood. 

Know all are foreign, in ft J: cr fenfc. 

Not born vour fubjeOs, or d*nv'd from hence. 

Then if the line of Turn us j retrace ; jto 

He springs from Inachus of i- give race* 

But when Aie faw her reafem i y fpent, 

And could not move him from \h bVd intern, 

She flew to rage ; for now the fnake poflefs'd 

Her viral pa its, and poifonM all her breaft 5 5 a 5 

She raves, me runs, with a diffcra£Vcd pace, 

And fills with horrid howls the public place. 

And, as young ftriplings whip the top for fport, 

On the fmooth pavemen t of an empty court, 

The wooden engine flies and whirls about, 530 

Admir'd, with clamours, of the beardlefs rout , 

They lalh aloud, each other they provoke, 

And lend their little fouls at eve ry ftroke : 

Thus fares the queen, and thus her fury blows 

Amidft the crowds, and kindles as me goes, 535 

Not yet content, fhe ftrains her malice more, 

And adds new ills to thofe contriy'd before : 


BNEI 5* Book VI] 175 

She flics the town, and, mixing with the 
Of madding matrons* bean; the bride aloi_ e . 
Wandering through woods and wilds, and devious 
ways, s4 » 

And with thefe arts the Trojan match delays. 
She feigned the rites of Bacchus ! cry'd aloud, 
And to the buxom god the virgin vow T d. 
Evoe, O Bacchus ! thus began the ibng, 
And Evoe! anfvver^ all the female throng i 34,5 

O virgin ? worthy thee alone, fhe ory'd j 
O worthy thee alone, the crew reply'd ; 
For thee fhe feeds her hair, fhe leads thv dance, 
And wvth the winding ivy wreaths her lance. 
Like fury feiz*d the reft $ the prog refs known, 55* 
Alt feek die mountains and forfake the town 1 
AH clad in ikins of beafts the javelin bare, 
Give to the wanton winds their flowing hair t 
And fhrieks and fliou tings rend the ruffe ring air, 
The queen, herfelf, infpir'd with rage divine, $$$ 

Shook high above her head a flaming pine 1 
Then roll'd her haggard eyes around the throng, 
And fung, in Turnus* name, the nuptial fong I 
Io ye Latian dames, if any here 
Hold your unhappy queen, Amata, dear ; $60 

If there be here, fhe laid, who dare maintain 
My right, nor think the name of mother vain, 
Unbind your fillets, loofe your flowing hair, 
And orgies and nocturnal rites prepare. 
Amata's bread the fury thus invades, 565 

And fires with rage, amid the fylvan fhades. 



Tttm mhm fee fewd bet mcM fpread fo i*r t 
Ta* WjaJ W*n? caaftMnTd in civil war, 
Im'^w fen <Mu winf* *h* ck«*e» eke fciet. 
Am* tU* Oa* fahm wiwsc youa^ Turoui Lia. 
H i| -w» a, at neat uym , wa* bunk of aid 
Hj Datiac, payaeafl *i*h almighty tf*\& I 

itx fftther*» rvge* sad with a train 
MHtot Arjjw em t riwe— *» thr ftormjr main, 
Dtii & Hi the louthcrn hLafb • ttwl here to reign 
Twu Ardua irocc, num den't name it bean 
Once a taiT oitji now con fa »ith yean* 
Hare ta ait loity palacv Tux™ 
Bet w iit the confine* of the a 1 and day» 
iaauic in deep t the futy liia Ids 
Her kx>U and hrab*. a new eaeriwalt xsy 

fW foaJftci* ©f ta* iai im to aide. 

Plopd un a ftaaT, Ike r&kn i» trembling mxa, 
Her face >i furrow 'd, and her from ohice&e : 
Dctr- Jiziti^i Wlinkic^ on her cliock (ht di~ivr\ m ; 

Sunk are her eyes, and toothiefs are her jaws : 
Her hoary hair with holy fillets bound, 
Her temples with an olive wreath are crowa/d. 
Old Calibe, who kept the facred fane 
Of Juno, now ihe feenVd, and thus began : 590 
Appearing in a dream, to rouxe the carelefs man. 
Shall Turnus then fuch endlefs toil iuftain. 
In fighting fields, and conquer towns in vain ? 
Win, for a Trojan head to wear the prize t 
Uiurr> thy crown, enjoy thy victories ? 595 




M N E I S* Book VII. 177 

The bride and fceptrc which thy blood has 

The king transfers, and foreign heirs arc 1 

Go now, deluded man, and ieek again 

New coils, new dangers, on the dufty plain. 

Repel the Tufcan foes, their city leize j Got 

Protect the Latians in luxurious eafe. 

This dream all-powerful Juno fends 1 I bear 

Her mighty mandates, and her words vou hear* 

Hafte, arm your Ardeans, iflfue to the plain, 

With faith to friend, ailaulc the Trojan train : 60 g 

Their thoughtlefs chief*, their painted ftups that lie 

In Tiber's mouth, with fire and fivord deftroy- 

The Lallan king, unlefa he ihall fubmit, 

Own his old poo mile, and bis new forget ; 

Let him, in arms, the power of Turn us prove, Gi« 

And learn to fear whom he difdains to love. 

For fuch is hcavcn*s com mand . The youthful prince 

With fcorn repiy'd ; and made this, bold defence ; 

You tell mc, mother, what I knew before ; 

The Phrygian fleet is landed on the (hare : 615 

I neither fear, nor will provoke, the war : 

My fate is Juno's mod peculiar care, 

But time has made you dote, and vainly tell 

Of arms imagined, in your lonely cell : 

Go, be the temple and the gods your care ; 62* 

Permit the men the thought of peace and war. 

Thefe haughty words Alefto's rage provoke, 
And frighted Turnus trembled as me fpoke. 
Her eyes grew ftiffen'd and with fulphur burn, 
Her hideous looks, and hellifli form return: 625 

Vol. VI. N tt« 



Her curling (hakes with hiffings fill the place, 

And open all the ferries of her face ! 

Then, darting fire from her malignant eyes, 

She caft him backward as he ftrove to rife, 

And, lingering, fought to frame (ome new replies. 

High on her head fhe rears two twilled makes 5 

Her chain fhe rattles, and her whip fhe makes j 

And, churning bloody foam, thus loudly (peaks : 

Behold whom time has made to dote, and tell 

Of arms, imagined in her lonely cell t 63 5 

Behold the fates* infernal minifter ; 

War, death, deftru&ion, in my band I bear. 

Thus having faid, her fmouldering torch imprefs'd 
With her full force, Ihe plung'd into his breaft, 
Aghaft he wak'd, and, ftarting from his bed, 640 
Cold fweat, in clammy drops, his limbs o'erfpread : 
Arms, arms, he cries, my fword and fliield prepare ; 
He breathes defiance, blood, and mortal war. 
So when with crackling flames a cauldron fries, 
The bubbling waters from the bottom rife : 645 

Above their brims they force their fiery way 5 
Black vapours climb aloft, and cloud the day. 

The peace polluted thus, a cholen band 
He firft commiflions to the Latian land. 
In threatening embafly : then rais'd the reft, 656 

To meet in arms th' intruding Trojan gucft : 
To force the foes from the Lavinian more, 
And Italy's endangerM peace reftore ; 
Himfelf alone, an equal match he boafts, 
To fight the Phrygian and Aulbnian hofls. 655 


M N E I S, Book VII t* f 

y he gods invok'd, the Rut Hi prepare 
Their arms, and warm each other to the \ 
His beauty ihefe, and thofe his blooming age* 
The reft his houfc, and his own fame engage • 

While Tumus urgts thus his enterprise, 660 

The Stygian fury to the Trojans flies i 
New frauds invents, and takes a ftcepy fbind, 
Which overlooks the vale with w ide command i 
Where fair Aicanius and his youthful train, 
With horn* and hounds, a hunting match ordain, 
And pitch their toils around the ihady plain. 
The fury fires the ptick j they fnuff, they vent, 
And feed their hungry noftrils with the fecnt. 
Twaa of a well -grown ftatr, whofe antlers rife 
High o'er his front, hi& b&ami invade the flues ? fi?o 
Fromthi^ light eaufe, tlV infe-mal maid prepares 
The country chut Is to miJchicf, hutc» and wart* 

The rtatdy bcall, the two Tyrrhed;* hred, 
Snatch'd from his dam, and the tame youngling fed. 
Their father TyiTheus did their fodder brings 675 
Tynhcus chicF ranker to the Latiah king s 
Their fitter Sylvia chcrifh'd with her care 
The linle wanton, and did wreaths prepare 
To hang his budding horns \ with ribbons ty'd 
His tender neck, and comVd hts filkcn hide ; 6 So 

And bath'd his body. Patient of command, 
In time he grew, and growing uVd to hand. 
He waited at hi? mafttrr's board for food; 
Then fought his fiwfegt kindred in the wood : 

Ni Where, 


Where, gaaingaHtbeday, at night be came £85 

To his known Wginfc*, alii h» country dime. 

This houihcW beaJi* that «s*J the w wdland grounds, 
W«s vkw*d it firft by the ycuctg hero's hounds | 
fy tkiwa the tram far fins, to feck retreat 
la the coed waters* and to quench bis heat, 490 

AtcanitfS r >an S* **** ^ of lib pmc f 

Sopq ben* his bow, uncertain in bis aim 1 

But the dire fefid the ratU arrow guides, 

\9hkh pkre'd his bowels threwgh tu$ panting fides. 

The bleeding creature jtfaes from the floods, 695 

PufieiVd wilh fear, and feck* his known abodes j 

Hi* odd f* miliar hearth, and howihold gods. 

H* falls* he ftlUthc houle with heavy groans; 

loipluf es their pity, and his pin bemoans . 

Young Sylvia beats ber brtait, and eric* aloud 709 

For fucoiur from the clownith neighbourhood ; 

The churls aiFetnbk * for the fiend who lay 

In the clofc woody covert urg'd their way. 

One with a brand, yet burning from the name 5 

ArnVd with a knotty club, another came : 70$ 

Whate'er they catch or find, without their care, 

Their fury makes an inftrnraent of war. 

Tyrrhcus, the fofter-farher of the beaft, 

Then clenched a hatchet in his horny fifl : 

But held his hand from the defcending ftroke, 710 

And left his wedge within the eleven oak, 

To whet their courage, and their rage provoke. 

And now the goddefs, exercis'd in ill, 

Who watch'd an hour to work her impious will, 

4 Afcends 

Book VI jg E 

Afcends the roof, and to her crooked ho ^ t * 

Such as was then by Latian fhcpherds bo: 

Adda all her breath ; the rocks and wood md, 

And mountains, tremble at th 1 infernal fbuna. 

The facrfid Jake of Trivia from afar, 

The Velinc fountain*, and fulphureous Na'r, 720 

Shake at the baleful blaft, the fignal of the war. 

Young mothers wildly fare, with fear pofTefVdj 

And ft rain their helplefs infants to their breafh 

.The clowns, a boifterous, rude, ungovern'd crew, 
With furious hafte to die loud fummons flew. jzz 
The power* of Troy, then ifluing on the plain 3 
Wkh frefti recruits their youthful chief fuftain: 
Nor theirs a raw and unexperiene'd train, 
But a fumbody of embattled men. 
At fir ft, while fortune favourM neither fide, 730 
The fight with ciubs and burning brands was try'd j 
But now, both parties reinforVd, the fields 
Are bright with flaming J words and brazen fhields* 
A fliiuing harvcfl eitbcrhorl difplays, 
And moots againft the fun with equal rays* 735 

Thus when a black -brow'd guft begins to rile, 
White foam at firft on the curl'd ocean fries ; 
Then roars the main, the billows mount the Ikies : 
Till, by the fury of the ftorm full blown, 
The muddy bottom o'er the clouds is thrown. 740 

Firft Almon falls, old Tyrrheus' cldeft care, 
I^ierc'd with an arrow from the diftant war : 
Fix'd in his throat the flying weapon flood, 
And ftop'd his breath, and drank his vital blood. 

N 3 tt\^% 




75 S 

;****,** MC*kfe bet: 

rmbc^ fr^y^aa^ tacts, UiptftirafilJd; 

Tkai. w&k is r^osl frairt ifaax foftnra &ood f 

The h*y mih'dibm in eidtttkri blood. 

Tiro, hm*mg ** T d tbr figfe, rckittg fits, 

Aad Uas » fulfilTd Let prccxuk t*> ii» <Lkt Y 

T<> JopQil*iiiibc%eak*r Behold, undone; 

The blood alnadj dram, the *ftr begun » 

The di&ord U complete* nor cm tbey ceafe 

The dirt debate, nor yeni command the peace. 

JiW ft&cc the Latian and the Trojan brood 

Have tifted vengeance, and the iVvccta of blood, 76© 

fcptak> and my power add this office more » 

The neighbouring nations of tV Aufonian fhoxe 

Shall hear the dreadful rumour from afar. 

Of armM invafion, and embrace the war. 

Then Juno thus : The grateful work is done ; 765 

The feeds of difcord fow'd, the war begun ; 

Frauds, fears, and fury, have poflefs'dthe flate, 

And fix'd the caufes of a lading hate : 

A bloody Hymen fliall th* alliance join 

Betwixt the Trojan and Aufonian line : 770 

But thou with fpced to night and hell repair, 

For not the gods nor angry Jove will bear 

Thy lawleis wandering walks in upper air. 




her l 

JE N E I S. Book VL iSj 

Leave what remains to me, Saturnia fail 
The fallen fiend her founding wings dif 
Unwilling left the light, and iought uis ucther 

In mid ft of Italy, well known to fame, 
There lies a lake t Am fane! us is the name, 
Below the lofty mounts : on either fide 
Thick forefU the fen bidden entrance hide: 7>» 

Full in the centre of the facred wood 
An arm arifes of the Stygian flood ; 
Which* breaking from beneath with bellowing ft>und, 
Whirls the black waves and rattling ftones around* 
Here Pluto pants for breath from out his celt, 7S5 
And opens wide the grinning jaws of hell. 
To this infernal lake the fury flies ; 
Here hides herha:ed head, and frees the labouring flues. 
Saturnian Juno, now, with double care, 
Attends the fatal procefs of the war, 79 9 

The clowns retnm'd from battle bear the (lain, 
Implore the gods, and to their king complain. 
The corpfe of Almon and the reft are fhown, 
Shrieks, clamours, murmurs, fill the frighted town. 
Ambitious Turnus in the prefs appears, 795 

And, aggravating crimes, augments their fears : 
Proclaims his private injuries aloud, 
A folemn promife made, and difavow'd j 
A foreign fon is fought, and a mixM mongrel brood. 
Then they, whofe mothers, frantic with their fear, 
In woods and wilds the flags~of Bacchus bear, 8o« j 
Aud lead his dances with dimevePd hair ; 

N 4 Increai'e 



I ■ 

1NEIS, Book Vlf. **$ 

A fblem* eaftom was obferv'd of old, 
Which Latium held, and now the Romans hold : 
TReirftandard when, in fighting fields, they rear 
Agaifift the fierce Hyrcanians, or declare 
The Scythian, Indian, or Arabian war : 
Or from thoboafting Parthians would regain 
Their eagles loft in Carrhae' s bloody plain : 
Two gates of fteel (the name of Mars they bear) 840 
And ftill are worfhip'd with religious fear, 
Before his temple ftand : the dire abode, 
And the fear'd iffues of the furious god, 
Are fene'd with brazen bolts ; without the gates, 
The wary guardian Janus doubly waits. $45 

Then, when the facred fenate votes the wars, 
The Roman conful their decree declares, 
And in his robes the founding gates unbars. 
The youth in military fliouts arife, 
And the loud trumpets break the yielding Ikies. 850 
Thefe rites, of old by fovereign princes us'd, 
Were the king's office, but the king rcfus'd : 
Deaf to their cries, nor would the gates unbar 
Of facred peace, or loofe th' impriibn'd war : 
But hid his head, and, fafe from loud alarms, 855 
Abhorr'd the wicked miniftryof arms. 
Then heaven's imperious queen fhot down from high} 
At her approach the brazen hinges fly ; 
The gates are fore'd, and every falling bar, 
And, like a tempeit, ifiues out the war. 860 

The peaceful cities of th' Aufonian fhore, 
Lull'd in their eafe, and undiiturb'd before, 




Am hU on ar* » 



Part iwiif [J* nrfyi 


The cnttici fane, jpill 

With Slw plated, ami wi* do&k gpU. 

Tfce raftk honour* rpf the fey the and Ibaicw 

Orw« pUc* to fword* and ptutnet, the pride of war, SS« 

Old faulchions are new tempered in the fires : 

The founding trumpet every foul infpires. 
The word is given, with eager fpeed they lace 
The ihininr; head-piece, and the fhield embrace. 
The neighing ft ceds are to the chariots ty*d; 
The trufty weapon fits on every fide. 

And now the mig'ny labour is begun, 
Ye Mules, open all your Helicon. 
Sing you the chiefs that fways th' Aufonian land, 
Their arms, and armies under their command : 890 
What warriors in our ancient clime were bred 5 
foldiers followed, and what heroes led. 


Book VII, t 7 

Far well you know, and can record a loin 
What fame to future times conveys but d .own. 

Meientius fidt appear' d upon the plain j £$* 

Scorn late upon hh brows, and four difdaia i 
Defying earth and heaven i Etruria loft, 
He brings toTurnua* aid his batHcd haft* 
The charming Laufus, full of youthful lire, 
Rode in the rank, and next hi* fullen lire : go* 

To Turuua onlv feennd in the grace 
Of manly mien* and features of die face? 
A fkilful hodeman, and a himtlman bred. 
With fates averfc a thoufand men he led : 
His fire unworthy of fo brave a (on j goc, 

Hi mii; If well worthy of a happier throne* 

Next Aveminus drives his chariot round 
The Latiau plains, with palms and laurels crown *d* 
Proud of his fteeds, he fmokes along the field, 
His father's hydra fills the ample H.ield. 910 

A hundred terpen ts hi fa about the brims ; 
The Can. of Hercules he juftly feeft>*» 
By his broad moulders and gigantic limbs. 
Of heavenly part, and part of earthly blood, 
A mortal woman mixing with a god. 915 

For ftrong Alcides, after he had (lain 
The triple Geryon, drove from conquer'd Spain 
His captive herds, and thence in triumph led ; 
On Tufcan Tiber's flowery banks they fed. 
Then on Mount Aventine, the fonof Jove 920 

The prieflefs Rhea found, and fore'd to love* 


isi* tSt MI, a been* g^*_ 
v* (win-l5B«4era Dm fair Xt**=r csaic 9 j* 
{Wfekh from Aeir l*agxi Tifcm tscl: t£- a^e) j 
Ftcr« Corti, i^4 Caa TTot , void c? far, 
Artr»"d Arrive bcrfc &ej Irf, 2^ in &e frcw appear. 
Ukfi dood-boro centaur*, htmi t&c moascsaa't 

WdJ* r*p«l cooric dr<*»Eftg to tic E ^| 5 

Tliey nA *!<ȣ i *" rattling v<XMk grrs war ; 
TI10 bnindtts bend hzftt their finespr ftray. 
Nor wa* Pracnefte T i founder ws&iiag there t 
Whom fame reporti the ftm of Muldber : 
found in the fire, and foiler'd in the plains, 946 
A fliepherd and a king at once he reigns, 
And leads toTurnus' aid his country (wains, 
ilia own Prameftc lends a c ho fen band, 
With thofc who plough Saturnia's Gabine land : 
Jlcfidex the fuccour which old Anian yields, 54c 

The rocks of Ifernicus, and dewy fields, 
f Anngnia far, and father Amafene, 
A numerous rour, hut all of naked men : 
"'" Thr Win* they wear, nor fwords and bucklers wield, 
•drive the chariot through the duity field -, 9 50 

m But 



M N E I S. Book VII. 1S9 

But whirl from leathern firings huge balls e 

And fpoils of yellow wolves adorn rhcir hi 
The left foot naked, when they march to ngnr ; 
But in a bull's raw hide they ihearh the right. 

Mcfappus next (great Neptune was hh fire)* 955 
Secure from ft eel, and fated from die fine* 
In pomp appears j and with his ardour wamis 
A heartlefs train, unexercised in arm* ; 
The juft Pali fetalis he to battle brings, 
And tbofc who live where lake Cimmia fprings ; 960 
And where Feronia's grove and temple (lands, 
Who till Fcfccnman or Flavinian lands : 
AH chefe in order march, and marching fing 
The warlike actions of their fea-bom king. 
Like a long ream of fnowy fvvam on high, r,6j 

Which clap their wings, and cleave the liquid fky, 
Which homeward from their watery pafhnes home, 
They fing, and Alias lakes their notes return. 
Not one who heard their inufic from afar, 
Would think thefe troops an army trained to war: 970 
But flocks of fowl, that when the temp efts roar, 
With their hoarfc gabbling feek the filent more. 

Then Claufus came, who led a numerous band 
Of troops embody'd, from the Sabine land : 
And in himfelf alone an army brought. 975 

'Twas he the noble Claudian race begot : 
The Claudian race, ordain'd, in times to come, 
To lhare the grcatnefs of imperial Rome. 
He led the Cures forth of high renown, 
Mutufcans from their olive-bearing town j 93o 


nKYDEN'8 VflMTtfl 

*3^53r ? ; 

Ami ail tii d Em» po^tn s befcdes a hand 
Tte fo4fo**dfa» V«ii»am*t4cwT bod i 
Jbtd Aflwencia troop*, of migfuyfanx, 
Ami mormuiBui i< that irons St-i ei ui tzmt, 
And froai the craggy cliff* of Tctrica, 9 J5 ' 

Afid th**fc wfecre Tcltoir Tiber cakes his way t 
And wherr HinaeMa** wanton water* pfaj. 
Cafperia findt her aren, w**** *hofe that lie 
By F*b»ri», and fruitful F— : 
The warlike aidi of Hrsm appear, 

And tbc cold Narfiam cone tlofe ibe rear : 
Mi i*d with the native* born Latmc blood, 
Whom Alii a wafhe5 with b» seal flood. 
Not thicker billowt beat fa >yan main, 
When pale Orion feu in :i y rain ; 995 

Nor thicker harveft on r rrnics rife, 

Or Lyeian tltlth* when >* nee due bunas the iklcs ; 
Than ftand thefc troops : their buckler* ring around; 
Their trampling turns the turf, and fhakes the folid 
High in his chariot then Halefus came, xoco 

A foe by birth to Troy's unhappy name : 
From Agamemnon born : to Turnus* aid, 
A thoufand men the youthful hero led j 
Who till the Maflick foil, for wine renown'd, 
And fierce Aruncans from their hilly ground : icoc 
And thofe who live by Sidicinian mores, 
And where, with (hoaly fords, Vulturous roars j 
Ofca's old inhabitants, 
Saticulans inur'd to wants : 


JENEIS. Book VII, i$t 

Light demi-lances from alar they throw, 019 

Fallen \\ with leather thongs, to guil the foe 
Short ci coked lwords m cloicr fight they wear, 
And, on their warding arms, like buckler* bear* 

Nor, Gebalus, malt thou be left uttftiiig, 
From nymph Scmethis and old Tilon Tuning : toi t 
Who then in Teleboau Capri reign 'd* 
But that ihorr rfle th' ambitious youth difetain'd i 
And o'er Campania ftretdi'd his ample \\\ 
M'hcrc fwdting Saruus fecks the Tyrrhene fea : 
O'er Batuliun, and where Abdla ices, ie>ia 

From her high tower*, the haiveft of her trees. 
And thefe (as was the Teuton ule of old) 
Wield brazen fwords, and brazen bucklers hold j 
Sling weighty {tones when from afar they fighl : 
Their cafques arc cork, a covering thick ami light. 

Nest thefe ui rank, the warlike Ufcns went, * , 

And led the mountain -troops that Nurfia fcau. 
The rude EqmeoLe his rule obey'd } 
Hunting their fport, and plundei ir\£ wa* their trade. 
In arms they p lough 'd, to battle it: 11 prepaid 1 iojo 
Their foil was barren* and their hearts Mn U;iuL 

Umbro the prieftj the proud Mmti&m led, ~} 
By king Archippus fent to Turnus' aid ; > 

And peaceful olives crowned his hoary head. J 

His wand and holy words, the viper's rage, 1035 

And vcnonVd wound of terpenta, could -uTuajfc, 
He, when he pleased with powerful juice to ftecp 
Their temples, ihut their eyes in pleating Jkcp. 

* ' I Bat 

, 9 * DRY DEN'S VI* a It. 

But yam were Marfian herbs, and magic art, 
To cure the wound given by the Dardan dart. 
Yet his untimely fate, th' Angirian woods 
In fighs remurmur'd to the Fucine floods. 
The foil of famM Hippolytus was there ; 
Fam'das his fire, and as his m other fair- 
Whom in Egerian grove* Aricia bore, 
And nurs'd his youth along the maHhy fliorc : 
Where great Diada's peaceful alters flame 
In fruitful fields, and Virbius was his name. 
Hippolytus* as old records have faid, 
"Was by his ftepdam fought to fliare her bed ? 
But when no female arts his mind could move t 
She turnM to furious hate her impious love. 
Torn by wild horfes on the fandy fhore, 
Another's crimes th" unhappy hunter bore ; 
tj hitting his fathers cyrswith gviftlefs gore, ic 
But chafte Diana, who his death deplor'd, 
With ^Efculapian herbs his life reftor'd. 
When Jove, who faw from high, withjuft difdai 
The dead infpir'd with vital breath again, 
'Struck to the centre with his naming dart, 
Th* unhappy founder of the god-like art. 
But Trivia kept in fecred (hades alone, 
Her care, Hippolytus, to fate unknowe ; 
And call'd him Virbius in th* Egerian grove : 
Where then he liv'd obfeure, but fafe from Jove. 
For this, from Trivia's temple and her wood, 
Are courfers driven, who fhed their matter's bloc 
Affrighted by the monftcrs of the flood. 


M N E I S* Book VT1 *f * 

His foil, the ftcood Virbius, yet retained 

His father *s art, and warrior ficeds he rcir \f& 

Amid the troops f and like the leading gut- 
High o'er the reft in arras the graceful Turn 1 1 

A triple pile of plumes his croft adorn 'd, 
On which, with belching flames, Chimera burn'd : 
The more the kindled combat rifes higher, *°7| 

The more with fury hums the blazing frre* 
Fair lo grae'd his (Held, but 16 now 
With horns exalted ftands, and feems to lowe » 
(A noble charge) her keeper by her fide, 
To watch her walks , his hundred eyes apply *d. tc£» 
And on the orims her fire, the watery god, 
Hoird from a filvcr urn his cryftal flood : 
A cloud of foot fucceeds, and tills the field's 
With iwords and pointed fpears, and clattering fhields r 
Of Argivcs, and of old Skanian bands, toS^ 

And thofe who plough the rich Sat ulian lands ; 
Auruncan youth, and thofe Sacrana yields, 
And the proud Lablcans, with painted fhields* 
And thofe who near Numician ftreams refidc, ~) 

And thofe whom Tiber* 5 holy forefts hide ; 1090 £ 
Or Circe's hills from the main land divide ; J 

"Where Ufens glide along the lowly lands, 
Or the black water of Pomp tin a ftands. 

Laft, from the Volfcians fair, Camilla came j 
And led her warlike troops, a warrior dame 1 1095 
Unbred to fpinning, in the loom unlkill'd, 
She chofe the nobler Pallas of the field. 

Vol.VL Q My*' 4 

,^4 D&tft'Eft'S- VlftGtfc- 

Mix'd with the firft, rhe fierce virago fought, 

Suftakfd the toils of arms, the danger fought ; 

Outitripp'd the winds in fpeed upon the ptaiti, i ioc 

Flew o'er the fields, nor hurt the bearded grain : 

She fwept the feas, and as {he ftim T d along, 

Her flying feet unbath'd on billows hung. 

J9len : , boys, and women, ftupid with furprife, 

Where'er fhc pafTca, fix their wanderi p g eyes : not 

Longing they look, and gaping at her fight, 

Devour her o^er and o'er with vaft delight. 

Her purple habit fits with fuch a grace 

On her fmooth fhoulders* and ib fuits her face : 

Her head with ringlets of her hair is crown J d ^ in o 

And in a golden caul the curls are bound. 

She fhakes her myrtle javelin j and, behind, 

Her Lyeiait quiver dances in the wind* 


r «« ] 



JE, N E I S, 


The war being now begun, both the generals make 
all poflible preparati e. Turnus (m&s to Diomvdes* 
JEueas goes in peril ~ to beg fuccours from Evaiuter, 
and the Tu jeans. Evander receives him kindly, 
fumiihes him with mm, and fends his own Ion Pal- 
Jas with him* Vulcan, at the requcft of Venus, 
makes arms for her foil iEneas, and draws on his 
fhield die moil memorable actions of his portent y. 

TIT HEN Turnus had affcmbled all his powers ; 

His ftandard planted on Laurentum's towers ; 
Whca now the fprightly trumpet, from afar, 
Had given the rignal of approaching war, 
Had roni'd the neighing fteeds to fcour the fields, $ 
While the fierce riders clatter* d on their Oiields, 
Trembling with rage, the Latian youth prepare 
To join tb* allies* and headlong rufti to war* 

O.2 Fierce 


Fierce Ufene, and MeBapus, led the crowd ; 

With bold Mezentius, who blafphem'd aloud. to 

Thefe, through the country took their wafteful courfe i 

The fields to forage, and to gather force* 

Then Venulus to Diomedc they fend, 

To beg his aid Aufonia to defend : 

Declare the common danger j and inform 15 

The Grecian leader of the growing ftorm : 

jEueas landed on the La nan coafl, 

With baniftYd gods, and with a baffled hoU : 

Yet now mfpir'd to tontjntft of the ft ate ; 

And claimed a title from the goda and fate. 

What numerous nations in U: * quarrel came, 

And how they fpread his fo dable name : 

What he defign'd, what mile hi eft; might arife, 

If fortune favoured his firit cnterprize, 

Was left for him to weigh, whofc equal fears, 

And common intereft was involv'd in theirs. 

While Turnus and th' allies thus urge the war, "J 

The Trojan, floating in a flood of care, t 

Beholds the temp eft which his foes prepare. j 

This way and that he turns his anxious mind 5 30 

Thinks, and rejects the counfels he defign'd ; 

Explores himfelf, in vain, in every part, 

And gives no reft to his diflra£ted heart. 

So when the fun by day, or moon by night, 
Strike on the polifliM brafs their trembling light, 35 
The glittering fpecies here and there divide, 
And caft their dubious beams from fide to fide : 



JE N E I S. Book VIH 197 

Now on the walls, now on the pavement j 

And to the deling flafli the glaring day, 

'Twas night : and weary nature lull'd aueep 40 

The birds of air, arid fifties of the deep ; 

And hearts, and mortal men 1 the Trojan chief 

Was laid on Tiber's banks, opprefs'd with grief, 

And found in filent flumber late relief. 

The a through the shadows of the poplar wood 44 

Arofe the father of the Roman flood : 

An azure robe was o'er his body- fpread, 

A wreath of lhady reeds adom'd his head 1 

Thus, manifuft to fight, the god appeared, 

And with thefe pleaitng words his forrowchear'd : 5* 

Undoubted offspring of ethereal race, 

O long expected in. this promis'd place, 

Who, through the foes, haft borne thy baninYd gods, 

Reft or + d them to their hearths, and old abodes - f 

This is thy happy home ! The clime where fate 55 

Ordains thee to reftore the Trojan ftate. 

Fear not, the war thall end in tailing peace \ 

And all the rage of hanghty Juno ceafe. 

And that this nightly vifiori may not feetn 
Th 1 effect of fancy, or an idle dream, 6# 

A low beneath an oak. {hall lie along, 
AH white herfelf„and white her thirty ydung. 
When thirty rolling years have run their race, 
Thy fon, Afcanius, on this empty fpace 
Shall build a royal town, of lading fame ; 65 

Which from this omen mall receive the name. 

O3 Time 


Time ftiall approve the truth. For what remains. 
And how with Aire futceft to crown thy pains, 
With patience ne*t attend. A banifh'd band* 
[ Driven with Evandcr from th* A i tad i an land, f o 

Have planted here j and placM on high their walls ; 
Their town the founder Palanteunt calls ; 
Derw'd from Pallas, his great grandfire's name * 
But the fierce Latians old poffeffion claim* 
With war infeftfng the new colony i 75 

Theie make thy friends, and on their aid rely. 
To thy free pailage I fubmit my dream* ; 
Wake, fon of Venus, from thy pleafing dreams t 
And, when the fetdng ftars arc loft in day, 
To Juno's power th^ joft devotion pay. 80 

With facrifice the wrathful queen appcafc ; 
Her pride at length fhall fall, her fury eeafe : 
When fhou return 1 ft victorious from the war. 
Perform thy vows to me with grateful care. 
The god am I, whofe yellow water flows $5 

Around thefe fields, and fattens as it goes : 
Tiber my name : among the rolling floods 
RenownM on earth, efteem'd among the gods. 
This is my certain feat : in times to come, 
My waves fhall wafh the walls of mighty Rome. 90 
He faid ; and plung'd below, while yet he fpoke, 
His dream ./Eneas and his fieep forfook. 
Herofe, and looking up, beheld the Ikies 
With purple hlufhing and the day arife. 
Then, water in his hollow palm he took 95 

From Tiber's flood ; and thus the powers befpoke : 

Laurenti an 

Book. VJ j* 

Lauretitiaa nymphs, by whom the ftrcat L 

And Father Tiber, in thy facred bed 

Receive iEneas ; and from danger keep. 

Whatever fount, whatever holy deep, ioa 

Conceals ihy watery Cores ; where'er th< 

And, bubbling from below, falute the, 

Thou king of homed floods whofe plem^^s uni 

Suffices fameG to the fruitful com, 

For this thy kind cctt. _ of our woes, i*$ 

Shall lharc my mom it evening vqwfi. 

But, t?h ! be prefent . ; 

And firm the graciou __. 4 made. 

Thus having fa id, t\\ . all.__ # F,.. M , 

With care he choofes mans, and £, x*. no 

Kow on the Shore the tal i wt ne u f o 

Wondrous to tt U ; flic lay along the ground i 

Her well-fed offspring at her udders hung ; 

She white uerfclf, an- white her thirty young ; 

JEneas takes the mot! r, and her hroodj H5 

And all on Juno's altar are beftow'd. 

The following night, and the fuLceeding day, 

Propitious Tiber fmooth'd Uh watery way : 

Herotl'd his river back, and pois'd he flood ; 

A gentle fuelling, and a peaceful flood* 123 

The Trojans mount their (hip s they put from fliorc j 

Borne on the waves, and fcarcely dip an oar. 

Shouts from the land give omen to their courfe, 

And the pitch'd veflels glide with eafy force. 

The woods and waters wonder at the gleam 125 

Qf fliields, and painted (hips, that ft em the fire am. 

O4 CVfct. 


One fummer's nighty and one whole day they pafs 
Betwixt the green-wood lhades, and cue the liquid 

The Eery fun had finifh'd half his race, 
Look'd back, and doubted in the middle fpace, 13a 
When they from far beheld the riling towers t 
The tops of fheda, and fhepherds lowly bowers 1 
Thin as they flood, which then of homely clay, 
Now rife in marble* from the Roman fway. 
Thefe cots (Evander's kingdom, mean and poor) 133 
The Trojan faw, and turn'd his ihips to more. 
J Twas on a folemn day : th. 1 Arcadian frates, 
The king and prince without the city gate*, 
Then paid their offerings in a hcrcd grove 
To Hercules, the warno* fon of Jove. 14* 

Thick clouds of rolling fmoke involve the Odes j 
And fat of entrails on his altar fries. 

But when they faw the Jhips that ftenVd the flood, 
And glitter'd through the covert of the wood, 
They rofe with fear, and left th' unfiniflTd feaft ; 14J 
Till dauntlefs Pallas re-aflur'd the reft 
To pay the rites. Himfelf, without delay, 
A javelin feizM, and fmgly took his way. 
Then gain'd a rifing ground ; and call'd from far : * 
Refolve me, ftrangers, whence, and what you are ; 
Your bufmefs here, and bring you peace or war ? 
High on the flern, JEneas took his ftand, 
And held a branch of olive in his hand, 
While thus he fpoke 1 The Phrygians arms you fee, 
Expell'd from Troy, provokM in Italy 155 





Thus from one common fource our ftreams divide 
Ours is the Trojan, yours th 1 Arcadian fide, 
Rais'd by chefe hopes, I fen t no news before, 
Nor alVd your leave, nor did your faith implore ; 
But come, without a pledge, my own ambaflador 
The fame Rutulians, who with arms purine 
The Trojan nce T are equal foea to you. 

Our hofl expdlM, what farther force can ftay 
The victor troops from iverfal fway ? 
Then will they ftititch . r power athwart the lai 
And either fea from f» > fide command. 
Receive our offer 'd fai and give us tliinc : 
Ours is a gene 1 "'"— Lpcrienc*d line : 

We want no sodies for the war j 

In council c;_ n fields we dare- 

He faid j and w*n »ke, with piercing eye* 

Evandcr view'd the ith vaft furprue, 

PleasM with his action, ravifrVd with his face, 
Then anfwerM briefly, with a royal grace : 
O valiant leader of the Trojan line, 
In \vhon\the features of thy father mine, 
How I recall Anchifes, how 1 fee 
His motions, mien, and all my friend in thee \ 
Long though it be, 'tis frefh within my mind, 
When Priam to his filler's court defign'd 
A welcome vifit, with a friendly ftay, 
And through th* Arcadian kingdom took his wa 
Then, part: a boy, the callow down began 
To made my chin, and call me firft a man. 


M N E I S. Book V1J 

I faw the filming train, with vaft delight 2x5 

And PrianTs goodly perfon pleased my fij 
But great Anchifca, far above the reft, 
With awful wonder fir'd my youthful br) 
J long* d to join, m friendship's holy ban< B 
Out mutual hearts, and plight our XtiUtU i\ 22,0 

J firft accoJtad him : I fued r I ibught, 
Andj with a loving force, to Phcneus brought. 
He gave me, when at i^th con.fl. rain 'd to ga t 
A Lycisn quiver, and GnoJTwj bow ; 
A veft embrouter'd, gloiiou* try he-hold, 325' 

And two rioh bridles, with their bit|i fjf^old, 
Which my fan** -courfcrs in obedience hold. 
The league you nflt I » as your right : 
And when to-morrow ^ __ra reveals the light. 
With fwift ftipplztsi yc 1 maU be lent away : 
Now celebrate, with i-, this fokmn ihy j 
Whofe holy rices admit no long delay* 
Honour our annual ft: and take your feat 
With friendly welcome, at a homely treat. 
Thus having ilid, the bowta (removed for fear) 335 
The youths replac'd \ and foon reth-ir'd the cheer. 
.On fods of turf he fet the {bidiei i round | 
.A maple throne, rais'd higher from the ground, 
jReceiv'd the Trojan chief : and o'er the bed, 
A lion's fhaggy hide for ornament they fpread, 240 
The loaves were ferv'd in canifters, the wine 
In bowls, the prieft renew' d the rites divine: 
BroiTd entrails are their food j and beefs continued 





*o* 15 RY BEN'S VIRGIL. 

But, when the rage of hunger was reprefs'd, 

Thus fpoke Evandcrto his royal guefh 14c 

Thefc rites, thefe altars, and this feaft, O king, 

From no yarn fears, or fupcrftition, fpriag | 

Or blind devotion, or from blinder chance ; 

Or heady zeal, or brutal ignorance ; 

But fav*d from danger, with a grateful fenfe, ic* 

The labours of a god we recompenfe. 

See, from afar, yon rock that - sates the Iky, 

About whofe feet fuch heaps 1 : rabbi m lie : 

Such indigeftad ruin ; bleak and bare, 

How defert now it ftands, s'd in air ! 155 

*Twas once a robber's *** dos'd around 

With living ftone, and jeath the ground. 

The monfter Cacus, moi half a beaft. 

This hold, impervious to mc 1 m t poflefs'd. 

The pavement ever foul with hum an gore ; a5o 

Heads, and their mangled members, hung the door* 

Vukan this plague begot : and, like his fire, 

Black clouds he belch'd, and flakes of livid fire. 

Time, long expe&ed, eas'd us of our load: 

And brought the needful prefence of a god. 265 

Th' avenging force of Hercules, from Spain, 

ArrivM in triumph, from Geryon (lain ; 

Thrice livM the giant, and thrice livM in vain. 

His prize, the lowing herds, Alcides drove 

Near Tiber's bank, to graze the fhady grove. 270 

Allur'd with hope of plunder, and intent 

By force to rob, by fraud to circumveat. 



ANEIS. Book VIII. 205 

The brutal Cacus, as by chance they ftray'd, 

Four oxen thence, and four fair kine convey'd : 

And, left the printed footfteps might be feen r 275 

He dragg'dthem backwards to his rocky den: 

The tra&s averfe, a lying notice gave, 

And led the fearcher backward from the cave : 

Mean time the herdfman hero fliifts his place, 

To find frefti pafture, and untrodden grafs: 280 

The beafts, who mifs'd their mates, fill'd all around 

With bellowings, and the rocks reftor'd the found. 

One heifer, who had heard her love complain, 

Roar'd from the cave, and made the project vain. 

Alcides found the fraud : with'vage he (hook, 285 

And tofs'd about his head his knotted oak. 

Swift as the winds, or Scythians arrows flight, 

He clomb, with eager hafte, th* aerial height. 

Then firft we faw the monfter mend his pace : 

Fear in his eyes, and palenefs in his face, 290 

ConfefsM the god's approach : trembling he fprings, 

As terror had increas'd his feet with wings : 

Nor ftay'd for ftairs ; but down the depth he threw 

His body ; on his back the door he drew. 

The door, a rib of living rock ; with pains 295 

His father hew'd it out, and bound with iron chains. 

He broke the heavy links : the mountain cWd, 

And bars and levers to his foe opposM. 

The wretch had hardly made his dungeon fail j 

The fierce avenger came with bounding hafte : 300 

Survey'd the mouth of the forbidden hold ; 

And here and there his racing eyes he rolled. 



He gnaftYd his reeth ; and thrice he eompafs'd round 

With winged fpced, the circuit of the ground. 

Thrice at the cavern's month he puIPd in vain, 305 

And, panting, thrice defined from his pa in. 

A pointed flinty rock, all hare, and black, 

Grew gibbous from behind the mountain^ back : 

Owls, ravens, all ill omens of the night, 

Here built their neftej and *- tJ * j t wing'd their flight, 

The leaning head hung thr ng o'er the flood* 

And nodded to the left : tlv* o flood 

Averfe, with planted feet, from the right, 

Tugg'd *** :he t - nl,A Ar i nm 1 n ll his might* 

Thus he: ' I i ms of the rock 3 1 5 

Gave ^ — rt "' s rattling (hook. 

, m either fide 

--J _ I jhe ftreams divide ; 

'1 ne ucy 11 , ard with unufual dread ; 

An d trc m bling Tiber d 1 vM ben eath h h be d , 3 1 • 

The Court of Cacus ftands reveal'd to light ; 
The cavern glares with new-admitted light. 
So pent the vapours with a rumbling found 
Heave from below, and rend the hollow ground : 
A founding flaw fucceeds : and, from on high, 325 
The gods with hate beheld the nether Iky : 
The ghofts repine at violated night, 
And curfe th' invading fun, and ficken at the fight. 
The gracelefs monfter, caught in open day, 
Inclos'd, and in defpair to fly away, 330 

Howls horrible from underneath, and Elk 
His hollow palace wtib. u&xaaikYj ^\k. 


Alt £1 $. Book Vfll. 207 

icro ifcuids above ; and from afar 

him with darts, and ftoncs, and diftant war. 

rom his noftrils and huge mouth, expires 335 

: clouds of fmoke, amidft his father's fires. 

sring, with each repeated blaft, the night: 

lake uncertain aim, and erring fight. 

wrathful god then plunges from above, 

where in thickeft waves the fparkles drove, 340 

: lights ; and wades through fumes, and gropes 

his way : 
fing'd, half ftiflcd, till he grafp'd his prey, 
monfter, fpewing fruitlefs flames, he found ; 
ueez'd his throat, he writh'd his neck around, J 
in a knot his crippled members bound. 345 , 
., from their fockets, tore his burning eyes j 
d on a heap the brcathlcfs robber lies, 
loors, unbarrM, receive the rufhing day, 
thorough lights difclofethe ravifh'dprey. 
mils redeem'd, breathe open air again : 35^ 

. by the feet, they drag him from his den. 
wondering neighbourhood, with glad furprizc, 
.d his fhagged bread, his giant fize, 
louth that flames no more, and his cxtinguifh'd 


that aufpicious day, with rites divine, 35 j 

vorihipat the hero's holy fhrinc. 
us firft ordain'd theft: annual vows, 
ieits, were added the Pinarian houfc : 
raisM this altar in the facrcd fhadc, 
e honours, ever due, for ever ftall be r^aid. ifi<z 


For thefe defcrts, and this high virtue fhown, 
Ye warlike youths t your heads with garlands crown. 
Jill high the goblets with a fparkJing flood * 
And, with deep draughts > invoke our common god. 
This flid, a double wreath Evander twin'd : 5$$ 

And poplars, black and white, his temples bind- 
Then brims hi is ample bowl : with like defign 
The reft invoke the god, with fprinkJcd wine. 
Mean time the Tun defc ended from the fides j 
And the bri ght even i ng- ft a r began to ri le. 3 70 

And now the priefts, Potitius at their head, 
In ikms of beafts involv'd, the long proceilion led : 
Held high the flaming * : - their hands, 

As cuftom t prefer loly bands : 

Then with t «« tables load; 375 

And with 1 er u the god. 

The Salii t*i. br . enie his a. tars round 

With Saban fmoke ; their heads with poplar bound. 
One choir of old, another of the young; 
To dance, and bear the burden of the fong. 380 

The lay records the labour, and the praife, 
And all th' immortal a£ts of Hercules. 
Firft, how the mighty babe, when fwath'd in bands, 
The ferpents ftrangled with his infant hands. 
Then, as in years and matchlefs force he grew, 385 
Th* Oechalian walls, and Trojan overthrew. 
Befides a thoufand hazards they relate, 
Procur'd by Juno's, and Euriftheus' hate. 
Thy hands, unconquer'd hero, could fubdue 
The cloud -born Centaurs, and the roonfter crew. 399 



M N E T S. Book VT i6j 

Hor thy refiftlefs arm the bull wtthftond : 
Nor be the roaring terror of the wood. 
The triple porter of the Stygian feat, 
With lolling tongue, lay fawning at thy feet : 
And, feiz'd with fear, forgot thy mangled meat. 
Th' infernal waters trembled at the fight j 
Thee, god, no face of danger con Id affright ; 
Not huge Typhosus, north 1 unnumbered fnake. 
Increased with hating heads, in Lema*s lake* 
Hnil Jove T s undoubted fon ! an added grate 409 

To heaven, and the great author of thy race, 
Receive the grateful offerings* which we pay. 
And frm'le propitious on thy folcinn day. 
In numbers , thus, they fungi above the reft, 
The den, and death of Cacns crown the feaft. 4*5 
The woods to hollow vales couvey the found ; 
The vales to hills, and hills the notes rebound. 
The rites perform 1 d, the chearful train retire. " 
Betwixt young Pallas, and his aged fire 
The Trojan pafs'd, the city to furvcy , 41* 

And pleating talk bcguil'd the red E out way. 
The Granger caft around his curious eyes t 
New obje&s viewing ft ill, with new furprize. 
With greedy joy enquires of various things : 
Aftd a&s and monuments of ancient kings. 415 

Then thus the founder of the Roman towers : 
Thefe woods were firft the feat of fylvan powers, 
Of nymphs and fawns, and favage men, who took 
Their birth from trunks of trees and ftubboro oak. 
Vol. VI. P Ner 



Nor Law they knew, nor manners, nor the care 
Of labouring oxen, nor the mining ihare : 
Nor arts of gain, nor what they gained to fpare. 
Their exercife the cha.ce : the running flood 
Supply'd their thirft ; the trees fupply'd their food. 
Then Saturn came, who fled the power of Jove t 4*$ 
Rubb'd of his realms, and banifh'd from above. 
The men, difpcrs*d on hills, to towns he brought ; 
And laws ordain* d ? and ci\ aftoms taught ; 
And Latium callM the tan- icre fafe he lay 
From his uuduccous fon, an* is ufurping fway, 43 • 
With his mild empire peace •»„ J plenty came : 
And hence the goldci -iv'd their name* 

A more degenerate s ^uVd age 

Succeeded this, with «v^*^ and rage. 
Th* Aufbniaos, then, and ! Sicanians came ;. 4 3 5 
And Saturn's empire often *.««*) gM the name. 
Then kings, gigantic Tibris* and the relt 3 
With arbitrary fway, the land opprefs'd. 
For Tiber's flood was Albula before j 
TiH, from the tyrant's fate, his name k bore. 449 
I laft arriv'd, driv'n from my native home, 
By fortune's power, and fate's refiftlefs doom. 
Long tofs'd on feas, I fought this happy land : 
Warn'd by my mother nymph, and call'd by heaven's 
command. aa* 

Thus, walking on, he fpoke : and fhew'd the gate, 
Since call'd Carmental by the Roman Hate ; 
Where flood an akar, facred to the name 
Of old Carmenta, the prophetic dame : 


JE N E I S. Book VIII. sit 

fho to her foil foretold th* ^thenean rac 
Sublime in fame, and Rome's imperial place. 450 
Then ftiews the foreft, which in after- times, 
Pierce Romulus, for perpetrated crimes, 
facred refuge made : w ith this, the ihrine 

There Pan below the rocks had rites divine. 

Then tells of Argus* death, his murderM gueft, 4.55 

hofe grave and tomb hi 5 innocence atteft, 
Thence, to the fteep Tarpeian rock be leads ; 
tfow roof "d with gold j then thatch' d with homely 

I reverend fear (fuch fuperftition reigns 
nong the rude) ev'n then pofiefs*d the fwains. 460 
Some god they knew, what god thev could not tell, 
Did there amidft the facred horror dwell. 
Th* Arcadian a thought him Jove ? and faid they faw 
The^jnighty thunderer with majeftic awe ; 

fhaihook his fliield, and dealt his boks around ; 
And fcatterM tern pert & on the teeming ground. 
Then law two heap? of ruins ; once they ftuod 
Two ftately towns, on either fide the flood, 
Saturnia'* and Jan icu la's, remain* : 
And either place the founder's name retain*. 470 

Difcour£ng thus together, they re fort 
Where poor Evander kept his country court* 
They view'd the ground of Rome's litigious hall, 
Once oxen low'd, where now the lawyers bawl. 
Then, looping, through the narrow gates they prtfs'd, 
When thus the king addrefs'd hh Trojan gut ft 1 

P z Mean 



Mean as it is, this palace, and this door, 

Received Alcides, then a conqueror. 

Dare to be poor : accept our homely food 

Which feafted him 5 and emulate a god. 480 

Then underneath a lowly roof he led 

The weary prince 5 and laid him on a bed : 

The fluffing, leaves, with hides of bears o'erfpread. 

Now night had flied her filver dews around. 
And with her fable wings erobrac'd the ground/ 4&5 
When love's fair goddefs, anxious for her fon, 
(New tumults rifing, and new wars begun) 
Couch* d with her hufband, in his golden bed, 
With thefe alluring words invokes his aid j 
And, that her pleating fpeech his mind may move, 490 
Infpires each accent with the charms of love : 
While cruel fate confpir'd with Grecian powers, 
To level with the ground the Tiojan towers ; * 
I afk'd not aid th' unhappy to reftore j 
Nor did the fuccour of thy ikill implore ; 495 

Nor urgM the labours of my lord in vain, 
A finking empire longer to fuftain. 
Though I much ow'd to Priam's houfe ; and more 
The danger of JEncas did deplore. 
But now, by Jove's command, and fate's decree, 500 
His race is doom'd to reign in Italy; 
With humble fuit I beg thy needful art, 
O ftill propitious power that rules my heart ! 
A mother kneels a fuppliant for her fon s 
Bv Thetis and Aurora thou wert won 505 

4 To 

1 N £ I S. Book VIII. nj 

To forge impenetrable fhields ; and grace, 

With fated arms, alefs illuftrious race. 

Behold, what haughty nations are combin'd 

Againftthe relicks of the Phrygian kind : 

With fire and fword my people to deftroy j 510 

And conquer Venus twice, in conquering Troy. 

She faid j and ftraight her arms, of fnowy hue, 

About her unrefolving hufband threw. 

Her foft embraces foon infufe defire : p 

His bones and marrow fudden warmth infpire j > 

And all the godhead feels the wonted fire. J 

Not half fo fwift the rattling thunder flies, 

Or forky lightnings flam along the Ikies. 

The goddefs> proud of her fuccefsful wiles, 

And confcious of her form, in fecret fmiles. 520 

Then thus, the power obnoxious to her charms, 

Panting, and half diflblving in her arms : 

Why feek you reafons for a caufe fo juft : 

Or your own beauties, or my love diftruft ? 

Long fince, had you requir'd my helpful hand, 5*5 

Th' artificer and art you might command, 

To labour arms for Troy ; nor Jove, nor Fate, 

Confin'd their empire to fo fhort a date : 

And, if you now defire new wars to wage, 

My fkill I promife, and my pains engage. 530 

Whatever melting metals can confpire, 

Or breathing bellows, or the forming fire, 

Is freely your's : your anxious fears remove t 

And think no talk is difficult to love. 

P 3 Trembling 

ti 4 DRYDEN' 

Trembling he fpoke ; and, eager of her charms, 535 

He fnatch'd the willing godded to his arms ; 

Till in her lap infos* d, lie lay po&ft'd 

Of full defire, and funk to pleafing reft* 

Now when the night her middle race had rode, 

And his Aril flumber had retire Jh'd the god - 

The time when early houfewives leave the bed ,- 

When living embers on the hearth they fpread 5 

Supply the lamp, and call the maida to rife, 

With yawning mouths, and with half-open'd eye 

They ply the diftaff by the twinkling light ; 

And to their daily labour add the night. 

Thus Frugally they earn their children's bread : 

And uncornipted keep their nuptial bed. 

Not Ifcfs concerned, nor at a later hour, 

Rofe From his downy couch the forging power, 55* 

Sacred to Vulcan's name an i fie there Jay* 
Betwixt Sicilia*s coafts and Lipara^ 
RaisM high on fmoking rocks j and deep below, 
In hollow caves, the fires of ^Etna glow. 
The Cyclops here their heavy hammers deal ; 555 
Loud ftrokes and hidings of tormented fteel 
Are heard around : the boiling waters roar ; 
And fmoky flames through fuming tunnels foar. 
Hither, the father of the fire, by night, 
Through the brown air precipitates his flight. 560 
On their eternal anvils here he found 
The brethren beating, and the blows go round : 
A load of pointlefs thunder now there lies : 
Before their hands, to ripen for the ikies : 


M N E I S, Book V m$ 

Theft d arts for angry J o ve they d a i 1 y ca 565 

Confum'd on mortals with prodigious w^ 

Three rays of writhin rain, of fire three more, 

Of winged fomhem winds, and cloud v ft ore 

As many parts, the dreadful mixture frame : 

And fears are added, and avenging flame, 57* 

Inferior minifters for Mara repair 

His broken axle-trees and blunted wan 

And fend him forth again with furbiAVd arms, 

To wake the lazy war, with trumpets loud alarms. 

The reft rcfrefh the fcaly fnakes that fold 575 

The fhicld of Pallas, and renew their gold. 

Full on the creft the Gorgon's head they place, 

With eyes that roll in. death, and with dtftorted face. 

My (fins, fa id Vulcan, fet your taflts a tide ; 
Your firengthj and mafter-fkill, muit now* be tryM. 
Arms for a hero forg : arms that require 
Your force, your fpec I, and all your forming fire. 
He laid : they fet their former work afidc, 
And their new toils with eager hafte divide. 
A flood of molten filver, brafs, and gold, J 5 

And deadly ft eel in the large furnace roll'd j 
Of this their artful hands a fhicld prepare ; 
Alone Efficient to fuftain the war. 
Seven orbs within a fpacious round they cloie J 
One ftirsthe fire, and one the bellow* blows. 59* 

The hiffing fteel is in the fmithy drown'd ; 
The grot with beaten anvils groans around. 
By turns their arms advance, in equal time : 
By turns their hands defcend, and hammers chime. 

P 4 ^^ 


They turn the glowing mafs with crooked tongs t 

The fiery work proceeds with ruitie fongs. 

While, at the Lemnian god's command, they urge 

Their labours thus, and ply th' ^olian forge, 

The ch earful mora falutes JLvander's eyes i 

And fongs of chirping bird* invite to rife. 6oc 

He leaves his lowly bed ; his buikins meet 

Above his anclea j fan dais flaeath his feet ; 

He fets his trufty fword upon his fide ; 

And o'er his ihoulder throws a panther's hide. 

Two menial dogs before their matter pref*"d s 60 j 

Thus clad, and guarded thus, he fecks his kingly 

Mindful of pr aid, mds his pace ; 

But meets JE fpace. 

Young Pallas. r „ _^ps attend ; 

And true AcLw** vv u » u on hU friend. 6 re 

They join their hands : a fecret ft^t they chooJe j 
Th* Arcadian firft their former talk renews. 
Undaunted prince, I never can believe 
The Trojan empire loft, while you furvive. 
Command th' afliftance of a faithful friend : 615 

But feeble are the fuccours I can fend. 
Our narrow kingdom, here the Tiber bounds ; 
That other fide the Latian ftate furrounds ; 
Infults our walls, and waftes our fruitful grounds. 
But mighty nations I prepare to join 62a 

Their arms with yours, and aid your juft defign. 
You come, as by your better genius fent j 
And fortune feems to favour your intent. 



M N E I S. Book VII 117 

Not far from hence there ftaods a hilly to 

Of ancient building and of high renown j kz$ 

Tom from the Tu leans by the Lydian race 9 

Who gave the name of Ca^re to the pUce 

Once Agyllina cali'd : it flouriuVd Jong 

In pride of wealth, and warlike people ftrong : 

Till cnrs*d Mezentius, in a fatal hour, $jo 

AfTum'd the crown, with arbitrary power. 

What words can paint thofe execrable times ; 

The fubjefU fuffc rings, and the tyrants crimes ! 

That blood j thoic murders, O ye gods t replace 

On his own lit ^ J, and on his impious race : 

The lh r ing } and the dead, at his command 

Were coupled, face to face, and hand to hand t 

Till, ehokM with flench, in loth'd embraces t v'd. 

The lingering wretches pin'd away, and dy'd. 

Thus plunged in ill*, and meditating more; 649 

The people's patience try*d, no longer bore 

The raging moniicr : but with tinm. beJet 

His houfe, and vengeance and deftru£Uon threat* 

They fire his palace j while the flame afcends, 

They force his guards, and execute his friends. 645 

He cleaves the crowd ; and, favoured by the night, 

To Turnus* friendly court directs his flight. 

By juft revenge the Tufcans let on Ere, 

With arms their king to puniihment require : 

Their numerous troops, now muilerM on the flrand, 

My counfel ihall fubmit to your command. . 

Their navy fwanns upon the coaft : they cry 

TohoiftttowdWWi but the god$ deny . 



An ancient augur, Jkill'd in future fate, 

Wi ch thofe forebodi n g word s reftra j n s rhei r hate r 655 

Ye brave In arms, ye Lydian blood* the flower 

Of Tnfcan youth, and choice of all their power, 

Whom juft revenge againft Meientras arms, 

To ftek your tyrant's death by lawful arms ; 

ICnow this ; no native of our land may lead 6£+ 

This powerful people : feek a foreign head. 

Aw'd with chefe words, in camps they ftill abide f 
And waif, with longing looks, *heir promised guide » 
Torchan, the Tufean chief, U me has lent 
Their crown, and every regal ornament r 66$ 

The people join their own with hi& defire j 
And all, my conduct, as their king, require. 
But the chill blood that creeps vithin my veins* 
And age, and Hftlefs limbs unht for pains, 
And a foul confeious of its own decay, 67m 

Have forced me to refufe imperial ftvay. 
My Pallas were more rit to mount the throne ; 
And fliould, but he's a Sabine mother's fon; 
And half a native : but in you combine 
A manly vigour, and a foreign line. 675 

Where fate and fmiling fortune fhew the way, 
Purfue the ready path to fovereign fvvay. 
The ftaflf of my declining days, my fon, 
Shall make your good or ill fuccefs his own. 
In fighting fields from you (hall learn to dare: 6S« 
And ferve the hard apprenticelhip of war. 
Your matchlefs courage and your conduct view ; 
And early (hall begin t* admire and copy you. 


M NE I S, Book VTI *»t 

Befides, two hundred horfe he mall comi 
Though few, a warlike and well-chofen >$ 

Thefe in my name are lifted : and my fen 
As many more has added in his own. 
Scarce had he fald : Achates and his gueft, 
With down-caft eyes, their filcnt grief cxpreft ; 
"Who, fhort of fuccours, and in deep defpair, 6$# 

Shook at the di final profpeft of the war. 
But his bright mother, from a breaking cloud, 
To chcar her ilfue, thundered thrice aloud. 
Thrice Forky lightning flaflTd along the fkj r 
And Tyrrhene trumpet* tbnee were heard on high. 
Then, gazing up, repeated peats they hear 1 
And, in a heaven fercne, refulgent arms appear j 
Reddening the flues, aud glittering all around, 
The tempered metals clam, and yield a filver found. 
The reft flood trembling, ft ruck with awe divine. 709 
iEneas only confeious to the fign, 
Prefag'd th T event j and joyful viewed, above, 
Th* accompli uYd promtfe of the queen of love- 
Then j to th 1 Arcadian king 1 This prodigy 
(Difmnsyotif-iijar) belongs alone to me. 705 

Heaven calls mc to the war : th* expe&ed fign 
Is given of promised aids, and arms divine. 
My goddefs-mother, whofe indulgent care 
Forefaw the dangers of the growing war, 
This omen gave $ when bright Vulcanian arms, 7 it 
Fated from force of Heel by Stygian charms, 
Sufpended, (hone on high : fhe then fordhow'd 
• .Approaching fights, and fields to float in blood. 


The horfemcn march'; the gates are epen T d wide ; 
JEneas at their head, Achates by his fide. 
Next thefe the Trojan leaders rode along , 
Lait, follows in the rear, th' Arcadian throng. 775 
Young Pallas Atone confpicuous o'er the reft j 
Gilded his arms, embroidered was his veil. 
So, from the leas, exerts his radiant head 
The ftar, by whom the lights of heaven are led : 
Shake* from his rofy locks the r* n\y dews $ j ft* 

Difpeli the darknefs, and th' ay renews. 
The trembling wives, the w and turrets cnowd ; 
Aod follow, with their eye*, £*<e dufty cloud : 
Which winds difperfe by fits - ^d fliew from far 
The blaze of arms, and fiiiel and fhining wax, 7S5 
The troops, drawn tip in beau ful array, 
O'er healthy plains purfuc the ready way. 
Repeated peals of Ihouts are heard around : 
The neighing courfers anfwer to the found ; 
And fhake with horny hoofs the folid ground- 790 
A greenwood fliade, for long religion known, 
Stands by the ftreams that wafh the Tufcan town j 
Incompafs'd round with gloomy hills above, 
Which add a holy horror to the grove. ' 

The firft inhabitants, of Grecian blood, 755 

That facred foreft to Sylvanus vow'd : 
The guardian of their flocks and fields ; they pay 
Their due devotions on his annual day. 
Not far from hence, along the river's fide, 
In tents fecure, the Tufcan troops abide ; $00 

4 By 


IB. N E I S. Book VIII. 223 

By Tarchon led. Now, from a riling ground, 

./Eneas cad his wondering eyes around ; 

And all the Tyrrhene army had in fight, 

Stretch'd on the fpacious plains from left to right. 

Thither his warlike train the Trojan led : 805 

RefrenYd his men, and weary horfcs fed. 

Mean - time the mother - goddefs, crownM with 

Breaks through the clouds, and brings the fated arms. 

Within a winding vale me finds her fon, 

On the cool river's banks, retir'd alone. $i« 

She mews her heavenly form without difguife, 

And gives herfelf to his defiringeyes. 

Behold, Ihe faid, perform'd, in every part, 

My promife made ; and Vulcan's laboured art. 

Now feek, fecure, the Latian enemy j 815 

And haughty Turnus to the field defy. 

She faid : and having firft her fon embrae'd, 

The radiant arms beneath an oak flic plac'd. 

Proud of the gift, he roll'd his greedy fight 

Around the work, and gaz'd with vaft delight. %z% 

He lifts, he turns, he poifes, and admires 

The crefted helm, that vomits rad'ant fires : 

His hands the fatal fwerd and corflet lv^d : 

One keen with tempei'd fttel, one ftiff with gold. 

Both ample, flaming both, and beamy bright : 82 5 

So mines a cloud, when edg'd with adverfc light. 

He makes the pointed fpcar : and long? to try 

The plaited cuiflies on his manly thigh : 


• SJ^^iP 

a2+ DfcYDEtf'S VlfefelL. 

But moft admire* the fhield's myfterious mould, 

A ad Roman triumphs rifmg on the grold. £ • 

For thefe, embof*M, the heavenly fmith had wrought 

(Not in the rolls of future time untaught) 

The wars in order, and the race divine 

Of warriors, irfuing from the Julian line. 

Tne cave of Mars was drefs'd with mofTy greens ? S$^ 

There, by the wolf, was laid the martial twins : 

Intrepid on her {welling dugs ley hung $ 

The fofter-dam lollM out he, awning tongue : 

They fuck'd fecure, while ht, ding back her head, 

She lick'd their tender limbs , and formM them as 

they fed. 
Not far from hr*"*e new appears, with games 

Projected for \1 -* ; dames. 

The pit refounds \ a war fucceeds, 

For breach of public raitn, and unexampled deed$. 
Here for revenge the Sabine troops contend : 845 

The Rom an * there with arms the prey defend * 
Weary 'd with tedious war, at length they ceafe ; 
And both the kings and kingdoms plight the peace. 
The friendly chiefs, before Jove's altar ftand • 
Both arnTd, with each a charger in his hand : 85* 

A fatted fow for facrifice is led ; 
With imprecations on the perjur'd head. 
Near this the traitor Metius, ftretch'd between 
Four fiery fteeds, is draggM along the green j 
By Tullus* doom : the brambles drink his blood; 
And his torn limbs are left, the vultures' food. 


JE N E I S. Book MIL 225 

There Porfenna to Rome proud Tarquin brings ; 

And would by force reftore the banith'd kings. 

One tyrant for his fellow-tyrant tights : 

The Roman youth aflert their native rights. S6* 

Before the town the Tufcan army lies : 

To win by famine, or by fraud furprize. 

Their king, half threatening, half difdaining, flood : 

While Cocles broke the bridge; and ilemm'd the 

Tlie captive maids there tempt the raging tide : 865 
Spac'd from their chains, with Clelia for their guide. 

High on a rock heroic Manlius flood ; 
To guard the temple, and the temple's god. 
Then Rome was poor ; and there you might behold 
The palace thatch'd with ftraw, nowroof'd with 
gold. £7* 

The filver goofe before the fhining gate 
There flew ; and, by her cackle, fav'd the ftate. 
She told the Gauls approach : th* approaching Gauls, 
Obfcure in night, afcend, and feize the walls. 
The gold, diflembled well their golden hair: 875 

And golden chains on their white necks they wear. 
Gold are their vefts : long Alpine fpcars they wield : 
And their left arm fuftains a length of fliicld. 
Hard by, the leaping Salian priefts advance : 
And naked through the ftreets the mad Lupcrci dance 
In caps of wool. The targets dropt from heaven : 
Here modeft matrons in foft litters driven, 
To pay their vows in folemn pomp appear : 
And odorous gums in their chafte hands they bear. 
Vol. VI. Q^ Far 

: 7 ?^ 


Far heoce removM, the Stygian (eats are feeu i SIj 

Pains of the d&mn'd, and punilh'd Catalme s 

Hung on a rock the traitor ; and around 

The furies hilling from the nether ground. 

Apart from thefe, the happy fouls he draws, 

And pftCP 1 ! holy ghoft ihfpcnfing laws. 

Betwixt the quarters flows a golden fta : 

But foaming furge&j there* ir Silver play. 

The dancing dolphins , with cir tails, divide 

The glittering waves, and cv- :hc precious tide. 

Amid the main, two might uets engage B95 

Their brazen beaks opposed :h equal rage* 

Attiuin furveys the well- :cd prize : 

Leucate's watery plain vt amy billows fnc*. 

Young Caviar, on the fti , armour bright. 

Here leads the Romans : I u h gods to fight : yo& 

His beamy temples moot their Cornea afar j 

And o'er his head it hung the Julian ftar. 

Agrippa feconds him, with prosperous gales ; 

And, with propitious gods, his foes affails. 

A naval crown, that binds his manly brows, 905 

The happy fortune of the fight foreftiows. 

Rang'd on the line oppos'd, Antonius brings 
Barbarian aids, and troops of eaftern kings. 
Th' Arabians near, and Ba£brians from afar, 
Of tongues difcordant, and a mingled war. 9 10 

And, rich in gaudy robes, amidft the ftrife, 
His ill fate follows him ; th 1 Egyptian wife. 
Moving they fight : with oars, and forky prows, 
The froth is gathered •, axvd the water glows. 


A N E IS. Book VIII. 127 

It feems as if the Cyclades again 9 1 5 

Were rooted up, and juftled in the main ; 

Or floating mountains, floating mountains meet : 

Such is the fierce encounter of the fleet. 

Fire-balls are thrown ; and pointed javelins fly : 

The fields of Neptune take a purple dye. 920 

The queen herfelf, amidft the loud alarms, 

With cymbals tofs'd her fainting foldiers warms. 

Fool as me was ; who had not yet divin'd 

Her cruel fate ; nor faw the makes behind. 

Her country gods, the monfters of the Iky, 925 

Great Neptune, Pallas, and love's queen, defy. 

The dog Anubis barks, but barks in vain ; 

Nor longer dares oppofe th' aethereal train. 

Mars, in the middle of the mining fliield, 

Is grav'd, and ftrides along the liquid field. 93* 

The Diraj foufe from heaven, with fwift defcent : 

And Difcord, dy'd in blood, with garments rent, 

Divides the peace : her fteps Bellona tread6, 

And lhakes her iron rod above their heads. 

Thisfeen, Apollo, from his A£ian height, 935 

Pours down his arrows : at whole winged flight 

The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield : 

And foft Saboeans quit the watery field. 

The fatal miftrcis hoifts her filken fails : 

And, flirinking from the fight, invokes the gales. 

Aghaft fhe looks ; and heaves her breaft for breath : 

Panting, and pale with fear of future death. 

The god had figur'd her, as driven along 

By winds and waves, and fcuddingthrougjw^t^o^^. 

0^ y*fc 

kh [ 


Juft oppofitc, fad Nilus open's wide ^ 

His arms, and ample bofom, to the tide, 

And fpreads his tnantlu o*er the winding coaft: j 

In which he wraps his queen, and hides the flying hofh 

The victor, to the god his thanks eaprefs'd t 

And Rome triumphant, with his pre fence blefVd* 

Thi^ee hundred temples in the town he plac'd j 

With fpoils and altars every temple graced. 

Three mining nights, and three fuccecd in g days. 

The fields refound with fliouts, the fonts wit 

The domes with fbngs, the theatres with plays. 
All a] tars flame 4 before each itar lies, 
Drenched io his gore, the defliu'd facrifice. 
Great Ca^far fits fublime upon liis throne ; 
Before A polio 1 s porch, of Parian ftone : 
Accepts the prefects vow'd for victory ; 96* 

And hangs the monumental crown on high. 
. Vaft crowds of vanquifh'd nations march along. 
Various in arms, in habit, and in tongue. 
Here Mulciber afligns the proper place 
ForCarians, and th' ungirt Numidian race ; 965 

Then ranks the Thracians in the fecond row; 
And Scythians, expert in dart and bow. 
And here the tam'd Euphrates humbly glides : 
And- there the Rhine fubmits her fwelling tides. 
And proud Araxes, whom no bridge could bind, *l 
The Danes' unconquer'd offspring march behind ; t 
And Morini, the laft of human kind* } 


. M, N E I S. Book Vm. « 29 

Thcfe figures, on the fhield divinely wrought. 
By Vulcan labour'd, and by Venus brought, 
With joy and wonder fill the hero's thought. 975 
Unknown the names, he yet admires the grace ; 
And bears aloft the fame and fortune of his race, j 


Q^3 THE 




jE N E I 


nus t ft Lneas's abfcnce* fires 

r ' transformed into fca- 

ip. The Trojans, re- 
*;rt s t fend Nifus and Eu- 
ryalus to recal Apneas j which furmHies the poet 
wkh chat admirable epifode of their friendfbip, ge- 
nerality, and the conclufion of their adventures. 

XJ^HILE thefe affairs in diftant places pafs'd, 

The various Iris Juno fends withhafte, 
To find bold Turnus, who, with anxious thought, 
The fecret made of his great grandfire fought. 
Retir'd alone (he found the daring man : 5 

And op'd her rofy lips, and thus began : 
What none of all the gods could grant thy vows ; 
That, Turnus, this aufpicious day bcflows ! 


ANSIS. Book XL iji 

JBneas, gone to feek th* Arcadian prince, 
Has left the Trojan camp without defence) 10 

And, fliort of fuccours there, employs his pains 
In parts remote to raife the Tufcan fwains : . 
Now fnatch an hour that favours thy defigos, 
Unite thy forces, and attack their lines. 
This faid, on equal wings me pois'd her weight, 1 5 
And form'd a radiant rainbow in her flight. 

The Daunian hero lifts his hands and eyes. 
And thus invokes the goddefs as fhe flies : 
Iris, the grace of heaven, what power divine 
Has fent thee down, through duflcy clouds to {bine ? 20 
See they divide ! immortal day appears ; 
And glittering planets dancing in their fpheres ! 
With joy, thefe happy omens I obey ; 
And follow to the war, the god that leads the way. 

Thus having faid, as by the brook he flood, 25 
He fcoop'd the water from the cryftal flood ; 
Then, with his hands, the drops to heaven he throws, 
And loads the powers above with offer'd vows. 

Now march the bold confederates through the plain ; 
Well hors'd, well clad, a rich and Ihining train : 30 
Meflapus leads the van ; and in the rear, 
The Ions of Tyrrhcus in bright arms appear. 
In the main battle, with his flaming creit, 
The mighty Turnus towers above the reft : 
Silent they move ; majcftically flow, 3 j 

Like ebbing Nile, or Ganges in his flow. 
The Trojans view the dufly cloud from far j 
And the dark menace of the diftant war. 

Q^4 Cai'cus 


Caicus from the rampire Taw it rife, 
Blackening the fields, and thickening through the flues* 
Then, to hi$ fellows , thus aloud lie calls i 
What rolling clouds , my friends* approach the walk ? 
Arm, arm ^ and man the works ? prepare your fpL-a rt 
And pointed darts ; the L^rian hoft appears + 
Thus warn 'd, they fhut their gates; with fliouts afeend 
The bulwarks, and, iecure, their foes attend* 
For their wife general , with forcfeeing care, 
Had charg'd them, nottotci the doubtful war : 
Nor, though provok T d, in < fields advance \ 
But clofe within their line id their chance : 50 

Unwilling, yet thev keen rift command 5 

And fou "tile band* 

The Her « e rcft t \ 

Grain heprefs'd ; > 
, *. imfon was his ere ft, J 
\\ km Lwenty none to tecond his dcligns, 
An unexpected foe, he fac*d the lines. 

Is there, he faid, in arms who bravely dare 
His leader's honour, and his danger, (hare ; 
Then, fpurring on, his brandifh'd dart he threw, 60 
In fign of war ; applauding fhouts enfue. 

Amaz'd to find a daftard race that run 
Behind the rampires, and the battle fhun, 
He rides around the camp, with rolling e^es, 
And flops at every poft ; and every pafTage tries. 65 
So roams the nightly wolf about the fold, 
Wet with defending {howers, and ftiff with cold ; 


M N E I S. Book IX. 233 

He howls for hunger, and he grins for pain ; 

His gnalhing teeth are exercis'd in vain : 

And, impotent of anger, finds no way 70 

In his diftended paws to grafp the prey. 

The mothers liften ; but the bleating lambs 

Securely fwig the dug beneath the dams. 

Thus ranges eager Turnus oe'r the plain, 

Sharp with defire, and fur'ous with difdain : 7 5 

Surveys each paflagc with a piercing light 5 s 

To force his foes in equal field to fight. A 

Thus, while he gazes round, at lergth he fpies ' 

Where, fenc'd with ftrong redoubts, their navy lies ; 

Clofe underneath the walls : the warning tide 80 

Secures from all approach this weaker fide. 

He takes the wifli'd occafion ; fills his hand 

With ready fires, and makes a flaming brand : 

Urg'd by his pretence, every foul is warm'd, 

And every hand with kindled fire is arrrrd. 85 

From the fir'd pines the fcattering fparkles fly; 

Fat vapours mix'd with flames involve the fky. 

What power, O Mufes, could avert the flame 

Which threaten*d, in the fleet, the Trojan name ! 

Tell : for the fad"t, through length of time obfeure, 90 

Is hard to faith ; yet fhall the fame endure. 

'Tis faid that, when the chief prepar'd his flight, 
And fell'd his timber from mount Ida's height, 
The grandam goddefs then approach'd her fon, 
And with a mother's majefty begun : 9 5 

Grant me, fhe faid, the fole requeft I bring, 
Since conquer'd heaven has own'd you for its kirve *. 



On Ida's brows* for ages pail, there flood, 

With firs and maples fill'd, a fhady wood i 

And on the futnmit rofe a facred grove, 

Where I was worfhipM with religious love ; 

Thefe woods, that holy grove, my long delight, 

I gave the Trojan prince to fueed his flight. 

Now fiird with fear, on their behalf I come ; 

Let neither winds o'eifct, nor waves intomb, 105 

The floating forefts of the t acred pine j 

But let it oe their fafety to be mine* 

Then thus reply n d her awful fcn j who rolls 

The radiant ilars, and heaven and eauK controls 1 

How dare you, mother, end left date demand, no 

For veffeli moulded by a mortal hand t 

What then is fate ? Shall bold J^nea* ride, 

Of fafety certain, on th> uncertain tide ? 

Yet what I can, I grant \ when, wafted o'er, 

The chief 11 landed on the Latian ill ore, 1 r 5 

Whatever flu'ps efcape the raging ftorms* 

At my command fhall change their fading forms 

To nymphs divine ; and plow the watery way, 

Like Dotis and the daughters of the fea. 

To feal his facred vow, by Styx he fwdije* 120 

The lake with liquid pitch, the dreary more ; 
And Phlegethon's innavigable flood, 
And the black regions of his brother gocl : 
He faid j and fhook the ikies with his imperial nod. 

And now, at length, the number* d hours were come, 
PrehVd by fate's irrevocable doom, 

4 When 



. JE K £ I S. Book IX. *$* 

When the great mother of the gods was free 
To fave her mips, and finifh Jove's decree. 
Firft, from the quarter of the morn, there fprung, 
A light that fign'd the heavens, and fliot along : 130 
Then from a cloud, fring'd round with golden fires, 
Were timbrels heard, and Berecynthian choirs : 
And laft a voice, with more than mortal founds, 
Both hofls, in arms opposed, with equal horcor wounds. 
O Trojan race, your needlefs aid focbear ; 1 %$ 

And know my (hips are my peculiar care. 
With greater eafe the bold Rutuiian may, 
With hilling brands, attempt to bum the fea, 
Than finge my facred pines. But you* my charge, 
Loos' d from your crooked anchors, launch at large, 
Exalted each a nymph : foriake the land, 
And fwim the feas, at Cybele's command. 
No foonerhad the goddefs ceas'd to fjpeak, 
When lo, th' obedient fhips their haufers break 5 
And, ftrange to tell, like dolphins in the main, 145 
They plunge their prows, and dive, and fpring again * 
As many beauteous maids the billows fwecp, 
As rode before tall veffels on the deep. 
The foes, furpriz'd with wonder, flood aghaft, 
Meffapus curb'd his fiery courfer's hafte ; 150 

Old Tiber roar'd j and railing up his head, 
Call'd back his waters to their oozy bed. 
Turnus alone, undaunted, bore the fhock ; 
And with thefe words his trembling troops befpoke : 
Thefe monfters for the Trojan's fate are meant, 155 
And arc by Jove for black prefages fent. 




He takes the cowards kft relief away j 

For fly they cannot ; and, conftrainM to ft ay, 

Muft yield, un fought, a bafe inglorious prey* 

The liquid half of all the globe is loft ; tfo 

Heaven ihuts the feas, and we feeure the coaft. 

Theirs is no more than that frnall (pot of ground. 

Which myriads of our martial men furround. 

Their fates I fear not j or vain oracles ; 

*Twas given to Venus, they aldcrofs the leas 5 165 

And land fecurc upon the Latin a plains : 

Their promis'd hour is pafs*d, md mine remains* 

*T^ in the fate of Turnus to t Irov, 

"WJ fw< and :!s race of Troy, 

: e inflame 1 70 

CiwC «| ' Grecian name } 

s c atal ftrife, 

rai fe< 

wast nui cuuugn, tbatj punuVd for the crime, 
They fell j but will they fall a fecond time ? 175 

One would have thought they paid enough before, 
To curfe the coftly fex ; and durft offend no more. 
Can they fecurely trull their feeble wall, 
A flight partition, a thin interval, 
Betwixt their fate and them ; when Troy, though built 
By hands divine, yet perilh'd by their guilt ? 
Lend me, for. once, my friends, your valiant hands, 
To force from out their lines thef% daftard bands. 
Lefs than a thoufand fhips will end this war ; 
Nor Vulcan needs his fated arms prepare. 185 



/B N E I S. Book Ix. i i7 

Let all the Tufcans all th' Arcadians join, 

Nor thefe, nor thofe, fhall fruftratc my defign. 

Let them not ft ar the treafons of the night ; 

The robb'd palladium, the pretended flight : 

Our onfet /hall be made in open ligh. . 190 

No wooden engine fhall their town betray, 

Fires they fhall have around, but fires by day. 

No Grecian babes before their camp appear, 

Whom Hector' s arms dctain'd to the tenth tardy year. 

Now, fince the fun is rolling to the v. eft, 195 

Give me the filent night to needful reft : 

Refrefh your bodies, and your arms prepare : 

The morn fhall end the fmall remains of war. 

The poft of honour to MefTapus falls, 
To keep the nightly guard; to watch the walls 5 200 
To pitch the fires at diftances around, 
And clofe the Trojans in their fcanty ground. 
Twice feven Rutulian captains ready ftand : 
And twice feven hundred horfe their chiefs command : 
All clad in mining arms the works inveft ; 2*5 

Each with a radiant helm, and waving creft. 
Stretch'd at their length, they prefs the graffy ground ; 
They laugh, they fing, the jolly bow Is go round : 
With lights and chearful fires renew the day ; 
And pais the wakeful night in fcaits and play. 210 

The Trojans, from above, their foes beheld ; 
And with arm'd legions all the rampires fill'd : 
Seiz'd with affright, their gates they firft explore ; 
Join works to works with biidges 5 tower to tower : 



Thus all things needful for defence abound ; 

Mncftheus and brave Serefthus walk the round : 

Commifllon'd by their abfent prince to ihare 

The common danger, and divide the care, 

The foldiers draw their lots ; and, as they fall, 

By turns relieve each other on the wall, 120 

Nigh where the foes their utmoft guards advance 
To watch the gate, was warlike Nifus* chance* 
His father Hyrticus of noble blood ; 
His mother was a huntreGi of the wood : 
And fent him to the wars ; well could he bear 115 
His lance in fight, and dart the flying fpear : 
But, better ikill'd unerring fliafts to fend, 
Befide him flood Euryalus his friend, 
Euryalus, th^n whom the Trojan hoft 
No fairer face, or fwecter air, could boaft, 13* 

Scarce had the down to fliade his cheeks begun ; 
One was their care, and their delight was one* 
One common hazard in the war they fhar'd ; 
And now were both, by choice, upon the guard. 

Then Nifus, thus : Or do the gods infpire 135 
This warmth, or make we gods of our defire > 
A generous ardour boils within my breaft, 
Eager of action, enemy to reft ; 
This urges me to fight, and fires my mind, 
To leave a memorable name behind. 44a 

Thou feeft the foe fecure : how faintly mine 
Their fcatter'd fires ! the moft in deep fupine 
Along the ground, an eafy conqueft lie ; 
The wakeful few the flaming flaggon ply : 



ANSIS. Book IX. 239 

All hufh around. Now hear what I revolve ; 245 

A thought unripe, and fcarcely yet refolve* 

Our abfent prince both camp and council mourn j 

By meflage both would hrften his return : 

If they confer what I demand on thee 

(For fame is recompence ; enough for me), 250 

Methinks, beneath yon hill, I have efpy'd 

A way that, fafely will my paflage guide. 

Euryalus flood liftening while he fpoke ; 

With love of praife, and noble envy ftruck ; 

Then to his ardent friend expos'd his mind : 255 

All this alone, and leaving me behind, 

Am I unworthy, Nifus, to be join'd ? 

Think'ft thou I can my mare of glory yield, 

Or fend thee unaflifted to the field ? 

Not fo my father taught my childhood arms 5 260 

Born in a fiege, and bred among alarms ; 

Nor is my youth unworthy of my friend, 

Nor of the heaven-born hero I attend. 

The thing call'd life, with eafe I can difclaim; 

And think it over-fold to purchafe fame. 265 

Then Nifus, thus : Alas ! thy tender years 
Would minifter new matter to my fears : 
So may the gods, who view this friendly ftrife, 
Rcftore mc to thy lov'd embrace with life, 
Condemn'd to pay my vows (as fure I trull) 270 
This thy rcqueit is cruel and unjulh 
But if fome chance, as many chances are, 
And doubtful hazards in the deeds of war ; 



If one mould reach my head, there let it fall, 

And fpare thy life ; I would not perifh all. 175 

Thy bloomy youth deferves a longer date ; 

Live thou to mourn thy love's unhappy fate : 

To bear my mangled body from the foe ; 

Or buy it back, and funeral rites beftow. 

Or, if hard fortune (hall thofe dues deny, &So 

Thou canft at leaft an empty tomb fupply. 

O let not me the widow's tears renew ; 

Nor let a mother's curfe my name purfue ; 

Thy pious parent, who, for love of thee, 

Forfook the coafts of friendly Sicily, 185 

Her age committing to the feas and wind, 

When every weary matron ftaid behind. 

To this Euryalus : You plead in vain, 

And but protract the caufe you cannot gain : 

No more delays, but hafte. With that he wakes 290 

The nodding watch j each to his office takes. 

The guard reliev'd, the generous couple went 

To find the council at the royal tent. 

All creatures elfe forgot their daily care ; 

And fleep, the common gift of nature, (hare : 295 

Except the Trojan peers, who wakeful fate 

In nightly council for th* endangered ftate. 

They vote a meflage to their abfent chief; 

•Shew their diftrefs, and beg a fwift relief. 

Amid the camp a filent feat they choie, 300 

Remote their clamour, and fecure from foes, 

On their left arms their ample fhields they bear, 

Their ri^ht reclin'd upon the bending fpear. 



JE N E I S. Book IX. 141 

Now NiAjs and his friend approach the gu 

And beg admiffion, eager to be heard ; 395 

Th* affair important, not to be deferr'd. 

I^flpjui bids them be conduced in ; 

Ordering the more experienced to begin. 

ThtnNifus rims : Ye fathers, lend your ear s 

Nor judge our bold attempt beyond our years- 31© 

The foe, fee are! y drench'd in fleep and wine, 

NegJeft their watch ; the fires but thinly ibine : 

And where the lmoke in cloudy vapours flies, 

Covering the plain^ and curling to the ikies, 

Betwixt two piths* which at the gate divide, 315 ^ 

CUife by the fea, a paflage we have fpy'd* V 

Which will q\k way to great ^Eaeas guid*- J 

Expecl each hour to fee him fafe again, 

Loaded with f polls of foes in battle fiain. 

Stiatck wa the lucky minute while we may : 3-2.0 

Nor can we be miikken in the way j 

For, hunting in the vales, we both have fcen 

The rifuig turrets, and the ft re am between : 

And know the winding courfe, with every forth 

Be ccas'd : and old Ale dies took the word. 3,2,5 

Our country gods,, In whom our truft we place 

Will yet fro en ruin favc the Trojan race : 

WhiJe we behold fuch diiuntlefs worth appear 

In dawning youth* and ibuls fo void of fear. 

Then id to tears of joy the father brokfr; 330 

Each in his longing arms by turns he took r 

* nted, and f d $ and thus again be fpoke : 


Ye brave young men, what equal gifts can we. 
In recompence of fuch defert, decree ? 
The grcateft, fure, and be ft you can receive* 335 

The gods , and your own tonfeious worthy will give. 
The reft our grateful general will beftow ; 
And young Afcanius till his manhood owe* 
And I, whoie welfare in my father lies, 
Afcanius adds, by the great deities, 340 

By my dear country, by my houihold-gods, 
By hoary Yefta's rites, and dark abodes, 
Adjure you both (on you m^ fortune flands, 
That and my faith I plight i to your hands) : 
Make me but happy in his ft c return, 345 

Whofc wonted pmience I can only mourn, 
Your common girt tball two large goblets be, 
Of filver, wrought with cu us imagery 1 
And hi^h etmWs'd, which, ./hen old Priam reign *d f 
My conquering fire at fack*d Arifba gain'd, 350 

And more, two tripods cad in antique mould, 
With two great talents of the fineft gold : 
Befide a coftly bowl, jngrav'-d-wdth art, 
Which Dido gave when firfl fhe gave her heart. 
But if in conquered Italy we reign., 355 

When fpoils by lot the vi&or (hall obtain, 
Thou faw'ft the courfer by proud Turnus prefs'd, 
That, Nifus, and his arms, and nodding creft, 
And fliield, from chance exempt, mail be thy (hare ; 1 
Twelve labouring flaves, twelve handmaids young t 
and fair, X 

And clad in rich attire, and train 'd with care, J 


M N E I S. Book IX. * 43 

And laft, a Latian fielcTwith fruitful plains, 

And a large portion of the king's domains. 

But thou, whofe years are more to mine ally'd, 

No fate my vow'd affe&ion mail divide 365 

From thee, heroic youth 5 be wholly mine : 

Take full pofleflion ; all my foul is thine. 

One faith, one fame, one fate, mall both attend ; 

My life's companion, and my bofom friend j 

My peace (hall be committed to thy care, 379 

And to thy conduit my concerns in war. 

Then thus the young Euryalus reply'd : 
Whatever fortune, good or bad, betide, 
The fame fhall be my age, as now my youth ; 
No time (hall find me wanting to my truth. 375 

This only from your goodnefs let me gain 
(And this ungranted, all rewards are vain) : 
Of Priam's royal race my mother came, 
And fure the beft that ever bore the name : 
Whom neither Troy, nor Sicily could hold 3 19 

From me departing, but, o'erfpent, and old, 
My fate (he follow'd ; ignorant of this, 
Whatever danger, neither parting kifs, 
Nor pious blefling taken, her I leave ; 
And, in this only a& of all my life deceive. 385 

By this right hand, and confcious night, I (wear, 
My foul fo fad a farewell could not bear. 
Be you her comfort ; (ill my vacant place 
(Permit me to prefume fo great a grace). 
Support her age, forfaken and diftrefs'd ; 39* 

That hope alone will fortify my bread 

Againft the worfl o&fo&wm, an^of^art. ■ 
He faid : the moy/d *$ftant$ mcji ifttefp. 
Then thus, itfeanius (J woi^c^-tav^ t^.% 

So great bc^^i^i^ip^c^^^ 
Exaft die faith, w^fcclfc I qgap*, enprnja. 
Thyn^raUi^ifres^ . 

Creu&ha^; an^ on^ w^t #* WW, ; i - 

YriyatCer event thy tfold irtflros »H i»IWi 3Pt 

^i8merittol^ycb9pwafQnl9^ai^j f 
Nowbymyhqad, a^e^o^J^fr^ * : 
(My father us^ it) w^j^tJUB^he^ 

That, if tiupufaft fluOltjiy lo^mftt^f %i^ ( .404 

He faid; and, weeping vfjuk lp ffi9^%^fqpt. 
From his broad belt fye drew a. ihjttjn£.fwosjd f 
Magnificent with gold. Lycqpii ma&» \ 

And in an ivory fcabbard fheath'4;tta bladfi*. 
This was tys gift : great Mneftjiqus, gave, his. friejrf: 
A lion's hide, his body to defend t 
And good Alethes fnrnUa'c}- him befidfe 
With his owntrufty h^lm, of temper try : \}f 

Thus arm'd they. went. The nphjf Trojafl^w^ii 
Their uTuing forth, and follow to the gat$, 4^ 

With prayers and vpy$, ajapy,e the reft appear* 
Afcanius, manly far t beyond his years* .. , t 
And meflages committed to their care, 
Which all in winds were; loft, aqd lifting Jtyf. ' - 

The trenches Gj&thpy. p^&d; tj^eatp^ 4i§ir way 
Where their proud fp^s in futjqh'd ftW&N&fey s 

Mrfkis: tofe*rifc. V45 

any fatal, cittn&m^lvbWereuw: 

tttftft the calfclefs hofedifpera'd upon &e Jilaln. 

gorg'A, and drunk with wihe, fupfnely mores 
•nafsM chariots fbahd along the fliore : 41;. 

ft die wheels and reins, the goblet by, 
dley of debauch and war they lie. 
d * km^ueft gaih'd wirabut a fight. 
ion offers, and t Rand J>reparM $ 430 

: lie* onr way ; be thou upon the guard, 
look around, while t iecurely go, 
lew a paflage through the fieeping Foe. 
' he fpbke; men, flxiding, took his way, 
his drawn (word, where haughty Rhamnes lay 1 
ead raisM high, on tapeftry beneath, 
bearing from his bread:, be drew his breath t 
ig and prophet by king Turnus lov'd ; 
3ftS6 bf prefderice cannot be removed $ 

SWa 1 his ftee^g flaves, he ilew. 'then fpies 440 
■e Rhemus, with his rich retinue, lies : 
rmour-bearer firft, and next he kills 
larioteer, intrench'd betwixt the wheels : 
his lov'd horfes : laft invades their lord $ 
>n his neck he drives the fatal fword : 445 

stuping head flies off; a purple flood 
s from the trunk, that welters in the blood : 
:h, by the fpurning heels, difpers'd around, 
bed befprinkles, and bedews the ground, 
is the bold, and Lamyrus the ftrong, 456 

:w ; and then Serranus fair and young. 

Ri From 


From dice and wine the youth retirM to rea}, .. ? ft •. 
And poff 'd the fumy god from out hit braft t #> .., < . 
Bv*n then he dreamt of drink and lucky olay | ,/ 
More lucky had it lafled till the day. 4j| 

The famUh'd lion thus, with hunger bold, lljf , 

O'erleapt the fences of the nightly fold; ;... #. 

And tears the peaceful flocks ; with files* awe • ;j .•,■ 
Trembling they lie, and pant beneath his paw* •..,;«.- 

Nor with lefs rage Euryalus employs ,4ft) . 

The wrathful fword, or fewer foes deftroys t .,,., , 

But on th* ignoble crowd his fury flew 1 -| 

He Fadus, Hcjbefus, and Rhsetut flew. 
Opprefs'd with heavy deep the fbnajr faD» 
But Rhaetas, wakeful, and obferving all, - 4*5 

Behind. a fpacious jar he fiink'd for fear t ... 

The fatal iron found, and reach'd him there* 
For; as he rofe, it piere'd his naked fide, 
And, reeking, thence return'd in crixnfbn dy'd. 
The wound pours out a ftream of wine and blood: 470 
The purple foul comes floating in the flood. 

Now where Meflapus quartered they arrive ; 
The fires were fainting there, and juft alive. 
The warrior-horfes tied in order fed ; 
Nifus obferv'd the difcipline, and faid, ' 4,75 

Our eager thirft of blood may both betray ; 
And fee the fcatter'd ftreaks of dawning day, 
Foe to no&urnal thefts : no more, my friend, 
Here let our glutted execution end : 
A lane through flaughter'd bodies we have made : 480 
The bold Euryalus, though loth, obey'd. 



jE N E I 5. Book D ft 

Of arms, and arras, and of plate they ft 
A precious load j but the re they leave be! 
Yet , fond of gaudy Jpoils, the boy would 
To make the rich capaiiibn \\h prey, 485 

Which on the fteed of conquered Rhamnes lay. 
Nor did his eyes iefs longingly behold 
The girdle belt, with nails of burnilh'd gold* 
This prefent Cedicus the rich beitowM 
On Remulus, when friendrotp firft they vow'd t 490 
And abfent, joia'd in hofpitable ties i 
He dying, to his heir bequeath* d the prize t 
Till by the conquering Ardean troop* oppreft'd, 
fie fell j and they the glorious gift poftds'd* 
Tbefe glittering fpoils (now made the vi&or'a gain,} 
He to his body fuitsj but ftttts in vaitu 
MeflapuV helm he rinds among the reft, 
And laces on, and wean the waving creft. 
Proud of their conqueft, prouder of their prey, 
They leave the camp, and take the ready way. *e* 
But far they had not paiVd, before they Jpy'd 
Three hundred horfe with Vojftent for their guide, 
The queen a legion to king Tumui lent, 
But the fwift bode the flower foot prevent 1 
And now, advancing, frugal the leader"* rent. 5 
They Jaw the pair ; far through the doubtful fli^dc 
His Ounmg helm EuryaJa* betray 'd, 
On which the moon witii full rrfe&km play'd, 
Tit nor for nought, cry'd VoUcciu, from the crowd, 
Tbefe men go tiere i then rau'd hi* Take aloud > 510 
R 4 Su&d, 


±+ « DRTDEN'S VIRGll. 

Stand, ftand: why thus in arms, and whither bent; 
From whence, to whom, and on what errand ftnt ? 
Silent they feud away, and hafte their flight 
To neighbouring woods , and truft themfelves to niglit* 
The fpeedy horfe ail parages belay, jij 

And fpnr their fmoktng fteeds to crofs their way ; 
And watch each entrance of the winding wood ; 
Black was the foreft, thick with beech it ftood ; 
Horrid n itb fern, and intricate with thorn, 
Few paths of human feet or tracks of beafts were worn* 
The darknefs of the lhades, his heavy prey, 
And fear mifled the younger from hi* way. 
But Nifus hit the turns with h ipter baite, 
And, thought left of his friend, the foreft pafs'd i 
And A! ban plains, from Alba' a name fo caliM, 51c 
"Where king Latinus then his oxeo ftallM, 
Till, turn tog at the length, he ftood his ground, 
And mifs'd his friend, and caft hid eyes around * 
Ah wretch, he cry'd, where have I left behind 
Th* unhappy youth : where lhall I hope to find ? 5*6 
Or what way take ! Again he ventures back : 
And treads the mazes of his former track. 
He winds the wood, and liftening hears the noife 
Of trampling courfers, and the rider's voice. 
The (bund approach'd, and fuddenly he view'd 535 
The foes inclofmg, and his friend purfued : 
ForelayM and taken, while he ftrove in vain, 
The ihdter of the friendly (hades to gain. 
What fhould he next attempt .' What arms employ ? 
What fruitlefs force to free the captive boy ; 540 

4 Or 

JE N 1 1 St Btoftft IX. 2 49 

•rate mctald he rofh and lofe his life* 
dds apprefs, in fuch unequal ft rife ? 
I at length, his pointed fpear he took j 
fling on the moon a mournful look, 
in of groves, and goddefs of the night, 54$ 
een, he find, direct my dart aright : 
my pious father for my fake, 
itcful offerings on thy altars make f 
rreas'd them with my fylvan toils, 
mg the holy roofs with favage fpoils, 
e to fcatter thefe. Then from his ear 
'd, and aim'd, and launch \i the trembling fpear, 
adly weapon, biffing from the grove, 
ous on the back of Sulmo drove ; 
his thin armour, drank his vital blood, 55$ 
. his body left the broken wood. 
;gers round ; his eye-balls roll in death, 
ith fliort fobs he gafps away his breath. 
nd amaz'd ; a fecond javelin flies 
jqual ftrength, and quivers through the flries 1 
irough thy temples, Tagus, fore'd the way, 
1 the brain-pan warmly buried lay. 
Volfccns foams with rage, and gazing round, 
'd not him who gave the fatal wound : 
icw to fix revenge : But thou, he cries, 565 
wy for both, and at the prifoner flies 
his drawn fword. Then (truck with deep defpair* 
:ruel fight the lover could not bear : 
om his covert rufh'd in open view, 
ent his voice before him as he flew : 570 


9 ■'^■* r *W?& l 


Me, me, he cry'd, turn all your fwords alone 
On mc i the fact confefsM, the fault my own. 
He neither could nor durft, the guiltlefs youth 5 
Ye moon and ftars, be?r witnefs to the truth t 
HU only crime (if friendship can offend) 
Is too much love to his unhappy friend. 
Too late he (peaks j che jword, which fury guides, 
Driven with folt force, had piere'd his tender fides, 
Down fell the beauteous youth j the yawning wound 
GuftVd out a purple ftream, and ftain'd the ground, 
His fnowy neck reclines upon his breaft, 
Like a fair flower by the keen fiWe oppref&'d 
Like a white poppy finking on the plain, 
Whofe heavy head is overchargM with rain. 
Defpair, and rage, and vengeance juftly vow*d, 58 
Drove Niftis headlong on the hoi tilt crowd : 
Vol fee n a he feeka : on him alone he bends j 
Borne back, and borM, by his fiirronnding friends, 
Onward he prefs'd ; and kept him ftill in fight \ 
Then whirl'd aloft his fword with all his might : 
Th* unerring fteel defcended while he (poke 
Pierc'd his wide mouth, and through his weazen 

broke : 
Dying he flew ; and, daggering on the plain, 
With fwimming eyes he fought his lover flain : 
Then quiet on his bleeding bofom fell ; 595. 

Content in death to be reveng'd fo well. 

O happy friends ! for, if my verfe can give 
Immortal life, your fame fhall ever live : 


JENEI S. Book IX* » 5 i 

Fix'd as the capital's foundation lies* 
And fpread where'er the Roman eagle flies ! 6o« 

The conquering party firft divide the prey, 
Then their (lain leader to the camp convey. 
With wonder, as they went, the troops were filPd, 
To fee fuch numbers whom fo few had kill'd. 
Serranus, Rhamnes, and the reft they found : 605 ' 
Vail crowds the dying and the dead iurround 2 
And the yet reeking blood o'erflows the ground- 
All knew the helmet which Mefiapus loft ; 
But raourn'd a purchafe that fo dear had coft. 
Now rofe the ruddy morn from Tithon's bed j 6 19 
And, with the dawn of day, the ikies o'erfpread. 
Nor long the fun his daily courfe withheld, 
But added colours to the world reveal'd* 
When early Turnus, wakening with the light, 
All clad in armour, calls his troops to fight. 615 

His martial men with fierce harangues he nVd 3 
And his own ardour in their fouls infpir'd» 
This done, to give new terror to his foes> 
The heads of Nifus, and his friend he (hows, 
Raised high on pointed fpcars : a ghaftly fight ; 62* 
Jjoud peals of fhouts enfue, and barbarous delight. 

Meantime the Trojans run, where danger calls : 
They line their trenches, and they man their walls : 
Jn front extended to the left they flood : 
Safe was the right furrounded by the flood. 625 

But calling from their towers a frightful view,. 
They faw die faces which too will they knew $. 

4 . Though. 

i S i D&V»Bft'S- tfR&frL. 

Though then di%mVd iri death* and fmear'd all o*tr 

W+th filth obscene, arid d rapping putrid gore* 

Soon hafty fame, through the fad city bear* 639 

The mournful meffage to the mothers ears ; 

An icy cold benumbs her limbs : fhe fliakes : 

Her cheeks the blood, her hand the web fdrfakes. 

She runs the rampirts round arhidlt the war, 

Nor fears the flying darts : {he rend ft her hair, 

And fills with loud laments tr liquid &h\ 

Thus then* my lov*d Euryalu appears \ 

Thus looks the prop of my dt ifritag years I 

Was't on this face my famiflrd eyes I Fed * 

Ah how unlike the living is the dead ! 64^ 

And could" ft thou leave me, c utl» thus atone, 

Not one kind kifs from a departing Jon ! 

No look, no laft adieu before he went, 

In an. ill-boding hour to {laughter fent • 

Cold on the ground, and pre fling foreign clay* 645 

To Latian dogs and fowls he lies a prey! 

Nor was I neat to elofe his dying eyes* 

To wafli his wounds, to weep his obfequies i 

To 5 call about his corpfe his crying Friends ; 

Or tyfead the mantle (made for other ends) i jd 

On his dear body, which I wove with carej 

N6r did my daily pains, or nightly labour fpare. 

Where fhall I find his cbrpfe ? What earth fti'ftaMs 

His trunk difmember'd, ahd his cold remaifts ? 

For this* alas, I left mf needful eafe, 65$ 

Expos'd my life to winds, aAd wlntef teas 1 i 



If any pity touch. Ripuliap, hearts, 

Here empty all your quivers, all your dai^s : 

Or if they fail, thou Joye conclude mj woe, 

£nd fend me thimribr-jfibruclf: to fha/des below L 66,0 

Her fhrieks,an4 clamour* pierce tfte Trojan* ears. 
Unman their courage, and augment their fears : 
.^lor young Afcanius could the fight fuftain, 
$or old Itipneu* biaitejus reilxain s 
^iU ^aor and, fckeus, jointly fen;, ^ 

To bear the madding mother, to her tent*. 
And now the trumpets, terribly from far» 
With rattling clangor, rou;te the fleepy war* 
The foJdiers Jbouts Succeed the bra«en fountf* 
A#d heapen, from. pole, tftpole* tfeeir noife rebounds. 
The Volfcians bear tfyeir fluids upon, their hpa&, 67c.- 
And, ruihing "forward* form, a moving ihed j 
Thefe fill the ditch ;. tfcoie pulL the bulwarks down,: 
Some raifc, the ladders ;. others (bale the ty*wn. 
Bttf wljeje void fpaces on the, walls, appear, $.7 5 

Or thin defence, they ppur their forces there* 
With poles and roiflf ve weapons, from afar*. 
The Trojans keen aloof the ruing war. 
Taught by their, ten years fiege defenfive figfrt r 
They roll down ribs of rocks, and unrefifted weight t 
T^p break the penthoufe with the ponderous blow j 
Which yet the patient Volfcians undergo. 
But could not tysar th' unequal combat long ? 
For wljere the Trojans find the thickefl throng, 
The ruin falls : their watter'd ihields give way, 685 
Aft4 their crufh'd heads became an eafy prey. 



They fhrink for fear, abated of their rage, 

Ttfor longer dare in a blind fight engage ; 

Contented now to gall them from below 

With darts and flings , and with the diftant bow, tff o 

Elfe where Mezentius, terrible to view, 
A blazing pine within the trenches threw. 
But brave Meffapus, Neptune's warlike fon, 
Broke down the palifadeF, the trenches won, 
And loud for ladders calls to fcale the town. 

Calliope begin i ye facred nine, 
Infpire your poet in his high defign 5 
To fing what flaughter manlyTumus made : 
What fouls he icnt below the Stygian fhade : 
What fame the foldiers with their captain fharc, joo 
And the vaft circuit of the fatal war. 
For you in tinging martial fa£ta excel ; 
You beft remember ; and alone can tell - 

There flood a tower, amazing to the fight, 
Built up of beams j and of ftupendous height ; 705 
Art, and the nature of the place, confpir'd 
To furnifli all the ftrength that war requirM. 
To level this, the bold Italians join ; 
The wary Trojans obviate their defign ; 
With weighty ftones o'erwhelm'd their troops below, 
Shoot through the loop-holes, and fliarp javelins throw. 
Turnus, the chief, tofs'd from his thundering hand, 
Againft the wooden walls, a flaming brand : 
It ftuck, the fiery plague : the winds were high ; 
The planks were feafon'd, and the timber dry. 715 


M N E I S. Book Tx. ' 155 
Contagion caught the pofts t it fpread along, 
ScorchM, and to diftance drove the fcatter'd throng. 
The Trojans fled ; the fire purfued amain, 
Still gathering fafl upon the trembling train ; 
Till, crowding to the corners of the wall, 720 

Down the defence, and the defenders fall. 
The mighty flaw makes heaven it&lf refound, 
The dead and dying Trojans flrew the ground. 
The tower that follow'd on the fallen crew, 
Whelm'd o'er their heads, and bury'd whom it flew : 
Some ftuck upon the darts themfelves had fent $ 
All the fame equal ruin underwent. 
. Young Lycut and Helenor only 'feape ; 
SavM how they know not, from the fteepy leap. 
Helenor, elder of the two ; by birth, 73Q 

On one fide royal, one a fon of earth, 
.Whom, to the Lydian king, Lycimnia bare, 
And sent her boafled baftard to the war 
(A privilege which none but freemen fliare). 
Slight were bis arms, a fword and fiber ihield, 735 
No marks of honour charg'd its empty field. 
Light as he fell, fo light the youth arofe, 
And, riling, found himfelf amidft his foes. 
Nor flight was left, nor hopes to force his way 9 
Emboldened by defpair, he flood at bay t 
And like a flag, whom all the troop furroundt 
Of eager huntfmen, and invading hounds, 
Refolv'd on death, he diflipates his fears, 
And bounds aloft againft the pointed (pears t 




4*6 P*Y»SN'$ VIRGIL. 

So dares the youth, fecure of death, and throws 745 
His dying body onhis thick eft foes. 

But Lvcus, fwifter of his feet by for, 
Runs, doubles, winds, sad turns, amidA the war t 
Springs to the walls, and leaves his foes behind, 
And {hatches at the beam he firft can find. 75© 

Looks up, and leaps aloft at ail the ftrctch, 
In hopes the helping hand of fbrae kind friend so react. 
But Turn us follow' d hard his hunted prey 
(His fptar had almoft reached him in the way, 
Short of bis reins, and fiarct a fpan behind) : 755, 
Fool, faid the chief, though fleeter than the wind, 
Couldft thou prefumc to Icape whan I purfue > 
He faid, and downward by the feet he drew 
The trembling d^ftard t at the tug he falis^ 
Vaft ruins come along, rent from the fmoking walls. 
Thus on feme filver fwan, or timorous hare, 7*1 

Jprc's bird comes foufing down from upper air j. 
Her crooked talons trufs the fearful fray : 
Then out of fight me foars, and wings her way. 
So feizes the grim wolf the tender lamb, 765 

In vain lamented by the bleating dam. 

Then ruming onward, with a barbarous cry, 
The troops of Turn us to the combat fly. 
The ditch with faggots fill'd, the daring foe 
Tofs'd firebrands to the fteepy turrets throw. 77* 

Hilioneus, as bold Lucetius came 
To force the gate, and feed the kindling flame, 
Roll'd down the fragment of a roqk fo right, 
It cruuVd him double underneath the weight. 


ML KB I 3. Book IX. a 5T 


Two more young Liger and Afy las flew j 775 

To bend the bow young Liger better knew : 
Afylas beft the pointed javelin threw. 
Brave Cseneas laid Ortygius on the plain j 
The vi&or Caeneas was by Turnus flain. 
By the fame hand, Cloniui and Itys fall, > 789 

Sagar and Ida, Handing on the wall. 
From Capys' arms his fate Privernus found 5 
HurtbyThemillafirftj but flight the wound; 
His fliield thrown by, to mitigate the fraart, 
He clapp'd his hand upon the wounded part : 785 
The fecond maft came fwift and unefpy'd, 
And piere'd his hand, and nail'd it to his fide : 
Transfiz'd his breathing lungs, and beating heart ; 
The foul came ifluing out, and huVd againft the dart. 
The Ion of Arcent ihone amid the reft, 79* 

In glittering armour and a purple veft. 
Fair was his race, his eyes inspiring love, 
Bred by his father in the Martian grove : 
Where the fat altars of Palicus flame, 
And fent in arms to purchafe early fame. 795 

Him when he fpy'd from far, the Thufcan king 
Laid by the lance, and took him to the fling : 
Thrice whirl'd the thong aroung his head, and threw: 
The heated lead half melted as it flew : 
It piere'd his hollow temples and his brain ; 800 

The youth came tumbling down, and fpurn'd the plain. 

Then young Afcanius, who before this day 
Was wont in woods to fhoot the lavage prey, 

Vol. VI. S Firft 



Firft bent in martial ftrifc the Uvangiag bow j 

And excrcis'd againft a human foe. See 

With this bareft Numunus of Ins life. 

Who TumuV younger fifter took to wife. 

Proud of his realm, and of his royal bride, 

Taunting before his troops, and tengthen'd with 

a ftride, 
Jn thefe infulting term* the Trojans he defy'd : Sio 
Twice conquered cowards, now your fhamc is mown* 
Coop'd up a fecond time within your tuwn ! 
Who dare not iflue forth in open field, 
But hold your walls before you for a fhldd. 
Thus threat you war, thus our alliance force \ 815 
What gods, what madnefs hither lice r"d you rcourlb 
You fhall not find the ions of Atrcus here, 
Nor need the frauds of fly UlyfTcs fear* 
Strong from the cradle, of a fturdy brood. 
We bear our ne^v-born infants to the flood ; Si;> 

There bathd amid the itream, our boys we hold, 
With winter harden'd, and inur'd to cold. 
They wake before the day to range the wood, 
Kill ere they eat, nor tafte unconquer'd food. 
No fports but what belong to war they know, 825 

To break the ftubborn colt, to bend the bow. 
Our youth, of labour patient, earn their bread ; 
Hardly they work, with frugal diet fed. 
From ploughs and harrows lent to feek renown, 
They fight in fields, and ftorm the fliaken town. 830 
No part of life from toils of war is free ; 
No change in age, or difference in degree. 


^fM'E f S. Book IX. 259 

We plough, and til in arms ; our oxen feel, 
Inilead of goads, the fpur, and pointed ftecl: 
Th* inverted lance makes furrows in the plain ; 835 
Ev'n time, that changes all, yet changes us in vain : 
The body, not the mind : nor can control 
Th* immortal vigour,, or abate the foul. 
Our helms defend the young, difguife the grey : 
We live by plunder, and delight in prey. 840 

Your veils embroidered with rich purple mine ; 
In floth you glory, and in dances join. 
Your vcfts have fweeping fleeves : with female pride 
Your turbans underneath your chins are ty'd. 
Go 'Phrygians, to your Dindymus agen ; 845 

Go, lefs than women, in the. fhapes of men j 
Go, mix'dwith eunuchs, in the mother's rites, 
Where with unequal found the flute invites. 
Sing, dance, and howl, by turns, in Ida's fliade ; 
Refign the war to men, who know the martial trade. 

This foul reproach Afcanius could not hear 851. 
With patience, or a vow'd revenge forbear. 
At the full ftrctch of both his hands, he drew, 
And alraoft join'd the horns of the tough eugh. 
But firft, before the throne of Jove he flood : 855 

And thus with lifted hands invoked the god ; 
My firft attempt, great Jupiter, Jucceed ; 
An annual offering in thy grove fhall bleed : 
A fnow-whitc fleer before thy altar led, 
Who like his mother bears aloft his head, 860 

Buts with his threatening brows, and bellowing flands, 
And dares the fight, and fpurns the yellow lands. 

S 2 ]on<i 


jovc bow'd the heavens, and lent & gracious ear, 
And thundered on the left, amidft the clear. 
Sounded at once the bow ; and fwifdy flies E65 

The feather 'd death, and hiffes through thelkks. 
The fteel through both his temples fore'd the way : 
Extended on the ground Numanus lav. 
Go now , vain boailer, and true valour fcorn - 3 
The Phrygians, twice fubdued, yet make thi* third 

Afcanius laid no more : the Trojans fhakc 
The heavens with ihouting, and new vigour take. 

Apollo then beltrode a golden cloud, 
To view die feats of arms, and fighting crowd ; 
And thus the beardlcfs victor, he befpoke aloud : S75 
Advance, illuftrious youth , inereafe in fame. 
And wide from eaft to weft extend thy name. 
Offspring of gods thyfdf ; and Rome llia.ll owe 
To thee, a race of demigods below, 
This is the way to heaven : the pew era divine, S3© 
From this beginning, date the Julian line. 
To thee, to them, and their victorious heirs. 
The conquer'd war is due : and the vaft world is theirs. 
Troy is too narrow for thy name. He faid, 
And, plunging downward, mot his radiant head 5 8S5 
Difpell'd the breathing air that broke his flight, 
Shorn of his beams, a man to mortal fight. 
Old Butes* form he took, Anchifes' fquire, 
Now left no rule Afcanius, by his fire ; 
His wrinkled vifage, and his hoary hairs, S90 ' 

His mien, his habit, and his arms he wears ; 
And thus (aluttt tke boy, too forward for his years : 




iBNEIS. Book IX. %tx 

Suffice it thee, thy father's worthy ion, 
The warlike prize thou haft already won : 
The god of archers gives thy youth a part 895 

Of his own praife* nor envies equal art. 
Now tempt the war no more. He faid, and flew 
Obfcure in air, and vanifh'd from their view. 
The Trojans, by his arms, their patron know ; 
And hear the twanging of his heavenly bow. 900 

Then duteous force they ufe, and Phoebus' name, 
To keep from fight the youth too fond of fame. 
Undaunted they themfelvefrno danger fliun : 
From wall to wall the fhouts and clamours run 1 
They bend their bows ; they whirl their (lings around: 
Heaps of fpent arrows fall, and ftrew the ground ; 
And helms r and (hields, and rattling arms refound. 
The combat thickens like the florm that flies 
From weftward, when the fliowery kids arife : 
Or pattering hail comes pouring on the main, 9 1 o 
When Jupiter defcends in harden 'd rain : 
Or bellowing clouds burft with a ftormy found, 
And with an armed winter ftrew the ground. 
Pand'rus and Bitias, thunder-bolts of war, 
Whom Hiera to bold Alcanor bare 9 1 5 

On Ida's top, two youths of height and fize, 
Like firs that on their mother-mountain rife ; 
Prefuming on their force, the gates unbar, 
And of their own accord invite the war. 
With fates averfe, againfl their king's command, 929 
ArnVd on the right and on the left they ftand, 

S 3 And 


'tt*. DRY DEN'S VTR'&Tfc, 

And flank the peffage s fhining fteel they wear. 

And waving crefta above iheir heads appear. 

Thus two tall oak* t that Pad us' banks adorn, 

Lift up to heaven their leafy heads unfhom ; $15 

And orerprefs'd with nature 1 ? heavy load, 

Dance to the whi filing winds, and at each other nod* 

In flow* a tide of Latians, when they fee 

The gate iet open, and the paffage free. 

Bold Quertcns, with rafli Tmarus ru thing on, $je 

Equi colas, who in bright armour inone, 

And Harmon fir It, but loon rcpuU'd they fly, 

Or in the well -defended pafs they die* 

Thefc with fuecefs are fir* d, and thofc with rage ; 

And each, oft equal terma at length, engage. 955 

Drawn from their lines r and iffuing on the plain. 

The Trojans hand to hand the fight maintain. 

Fierce Turnus in another quarter fought, 
When fuddernly th 1 unhcvpM-for news was brought ; 
The foes had left the faftnefs of their place, 940 

PrevailM in fight, and had his men in chace. 
He quits th' attack, and, to prevent their fate, 
JKuns, where the giant brothers guard the gate. 
The firft he met, Antiphates the brave, 
But bafe-begotten on a Theban (lave ; 94$ 

Sarpedon's fon he flew : the deadly dart 
.Found paflage through his breaft, and piere'd his 

FixM in the wound th' Italian cornel Hood ; 
Wann'd in his lungs, and in his vital blood. 




A N E I S. Book IX. **j 

Aphidnus next, and Erymanthus dies, 950 

' And Meropcs, and the gigantic fize 
Of Bitias, threatening with his ardent eyes. 
Not by the feeble dart he fell opprefs'd, 
A dart were loft within that roomy breaft, 
But from a knotted lance, large, heavy, ftrong ; 955 
Which roarM like thunder as it whirl'd along » 
Not two bull-hides th' impetuous force withhold ; 
Nor coat of double mail, with fcales of gold. 
Down funk the monfter-bulk, and prefs'd the ground: 
His arms and clattering fhicld on the vaft body found. 
Not with lefs ruin, than the Bajan mole 
(Rais'd on the feas the furges to control), 
At once comes tumbling down the rocky wall, 
Prone to the deep the ftones disjointed fall 
Off the vaft pile 5 the fcatter'd ocean flies ; 965 

Black fands, difcolour'd froth, and mingled mud arife. 
The frighted billows roll, and feek the fhores : 
Then trembles Prochyta, then Ifchia roars s 
Typhocus thrown beneath, by Jove's command, 
Aftoniflf d at the flaw that (hakes the land, 97* 

So n fliifts his weary fide, and, fcarce awake, 
With wonder feels the weight prefs lighter on his back. 

The warrior-god the Latian troops infpir'd ; 
New fining their finews, and their courage fir'd, 
15 ut chills the Trojan hearts with cold affright : 975 
Then black defpair precipitates their flight. 

When Pandarus beheld his brother kill'd, 
The town with fear, and wild confufion filPd, 

S4 He 


He turns the hinges of the heavy gate 

With both his hands ; and adds his fhoulders 

Some happier friends within the walls mctosM ; 
Theteft flint out , to certain death exposM. 
Fool as he was, and frantic in his care* 
T 1 admit young Turn us, and include the war* 
He thruft amid the crowd, fecurely hold j 
Like a fierce tiger pent amid the fold. 
Too late bis blazing buckler they defcry j 
And fparkttng fires that mot from either eye ; 
His mighty members, and his ample breaft, 
His rattling armour, and his crimfon creft» ggo 

Far from that hated face the Trojans fly ; 
AH but the fool who fought his deft my. 
Mad Pandarus fteps forth, with vengeance vow'd 
For Bit-ias'' death, and threatens thus aloud : 
Thcfc are not Ardea's walk, nor this the town 3^5 
Amata proffers with Lavmia's crown ; 
*Tis hoitiJe earth you tread ; of hope bereft, 
No means of fafe return by flight are left, 
To whom, with countenance calm, and foul fedate, 
ThusTurnus : Then begin ; and try thy fate : i«o* 
My mefTage to the ghoft of Priam bear, 
Tell him a new Achilles fent thee there. 

A lance of tough ground-afh the Trojan threw* 
Rough in^he rind, and knotted as it grew ; 
With his full force he whirl'd it flrft around ; 1005 
B\it the foft yielding air receiv'd the wound : 


. JBNEIS. Book EL 165 

Imperial Juno turn'd the courfe before, 
And fix'd the wandering weapon in the door. 

But hope not thou, faid Turnus, when I ftrike, 
To fliun thy fate ; our force is not alike : 1010 

Nor thy fteel temper'd by the Lemnian god: 
Then, rifing, on his utmofl ftretch he flood ; 
And aim'd from high : the full defcending blow 
Cleaves the broad front, and beardlefs cheeks in two : 
Down finks the giant, with a thundering found, "1 
His ponderous limbs opprefs the trembling ground j I 
Blood, brains, and foam, gufh from the gaping \ 
wound. J 

Scalp, face, and moulders, the keen fteel divides ; 
And the fhar'd vifage hangs on equal fides. 
The Trojans fly from their approaching fate : 1020 
And had the viftorthen fecur'd the gate, 
And to his troops without unclos'd the bars, 
One lucky day had ended all his wars. 
But boiling youth, and blind defire of blood, 
Pufli on his fury to purfuc the crowd ; ic 25 

Ham firing' d behind, unhappy Gyges dy'd $ 
Then Phalaris is added to his fide : 
The pointed javelins from the dead he drew, 
And their friends arms againft their fellows threw. 
Strong Halys (lands in vain ; weak Phlegys flies ; 
Saturnia, dill at hand, new force and fire fupplies. 
Then Halius, Prytanis, Alcander fall 
(EngagM againft the foes, who fcal'd the wall) : 
But whom they fear'd without, they found within : 
At lafl, though late, by Linccus he was feen ; 103; 



«Hc calls new fuecours, and afiaults the prince ; 
But weak his force, and vain is their defence. 
Tum*d to -the right, his fword the hero drew. 
And atone blow the bold aggrfor flew. 
He joints the neck \ and with a ftroke fo ftrong, toys 
Thehetm flies oifj and bears the head along 
Next him t the huntfman Amyous he kill s d, 
In darts envenomed, and in poifon ikilPd. 
Then Clytius fell beneath his f tal fpear, 
AndCretus, whom the Mute; held fo dear ? ttifo 
He fought with courage, and h ! fung the fight : 
Arms were his bufmeh, verfes his delight. 

The Trojan chiefs behold, w ith rage and grief. 
Their flaughtcr'd friends, haflen their relief. 

Bold Mneftheus rallies firi broken train, 1050 

Whom brave Sere ft bus and l' :roop iuftain. 
To favc the living, *«nd revtugt the dead, 
Again ft one warrior's arm all Troy they led, 
O, void of fenfe and courage, Mneftheus cry'd, 
Where xan you hope your coward heads to hide ? 
Ah, where beyond thefe rampires can you run ! 
One man, and in your camp inclos'd, you fhun ! 
Shall then a {ingle fword fuch {laughter boaft, 
And pafs unpunifh'd from a numerous hoft ? 
Forfaking honour, and renouncing fame, -1060 

Your gods, your country, <and your king, you fliame. 

This juft reproach their virtue does excite, 
They ftand, they join, they thicken to the fight. 

Now Turnus doubts, and yet difdains to yield ; 
But with flow paces meafures back the field ; ictf* 


M * £ I S. Book X. «t 7 

And inches to the walls , where Tiber's tide, . 

Waiting the camp, defends the weaker fide. 

The more he lofes, they advance the more 5 

And tread in every ftep he trod before : 

They fhout, they bear him back, and whom by might 

They cannot conquer, they opprefs with weight. 

As, compafs'd with a wood of fpcars around, 
The lordly lion ftill maintains his ground j 
Grins horrible, retires, and turns again j 
Threats his diftended paws, and (hakes his mane : 
He lofes while in vain he preffe* on, 
Nor will his courage let him dare to run ; 
So Turnus fares, and, unrefolv'd of flight, 
Moves tardy back, and juft recedes from fight. 
"Yet twice, enrag'd, the combat he renews, 1080 

Twice breaks, and twice his broken foes purfucs : 
But now they fwarm ; and, with frcfli troops fupply'd, 
Come rolling on, and rufh from every fide. 
Nor Juno, who fuftain'd his arms before, 
Dares with new ftrcngth fuffice th' cxhauftcd (lore. 
For Jove, with four commands, fent Iris down, 
To force th' invader from th' affrighted town. 

With labour fpent, no longer can he wield 
The heavy faulchion, or fuflaiu the fhielu : 
O'crwhelnTd with darts, which from afar they flint;, 
The weapons round his hollow temples ring : 
His golden helm gives way : with ftony blows 
Battcr'd, and flat, and beaten to his brows, 
His creft is raih'd away ; his ample fhicld 
Js falfify'd, and round with javelins nll'd. 1095 


a. luuc v* »** uio ««vsvsv«y uuu «a«»w uw Ttnuria uri 

The yellow god the welcome burden bore, 
And wip'd the fweat, and wafiVd away the gor< 
Then gently wafts him to the farther coaft ; 
And fends him fafe to chear his anxious hod. 

t *«9 ] 



^E N E I 


Jupiter, calling a council of the gods, forbids them to 
engage in cither party. At ^neas's return, there 
is a bloody battle : Tumus killing Pallas ; <££neas, 
Laufus, and Mezentius. Mezentius is defcribed as 
an atheift ; Laufus as a pious and virtuous youth : 
the different actions and death of thefe two are 
the fubje£r. of a noble epifode. 

'TpHE gates of heaven unfold ; Jove fummons all 

The gods to council in the common hall. 
Sublimely feated, he furveys from far 
The fields, the camp, the fortune of the war ; 
And all th' inferior world : from firft to laft 5 

The fovereign fenate in degrees are plac'd. 

Then thus th' almighty fire began : Ye gods, 
Natives, or denizens, of bleft abodes ; 


From whence thefe murmurs, and this change of mind, 
This backward fate from what was firJl defign'd ? 10 
Why this protrafted war ? When my commands 
Pronounc d a peace , and gave the Latian land*. 
What fear or hopes on cither part divides 
Our heavens, and arms our powers on different fides i 

A lawfi c of war at length will come 1 5 

ir naft^ BntiMh^tP f he doom) 

world with Rome : 
'wim; uie ngiq rocks- **~* Alpine chains t 
__, — ike a flood come p- n the plains : 

Then is your time for fa d debate, 

For partial favour, and pem ] hate. 
Let now your immature di \ ceaic : 

Sit quiet, and com pole yo^r " s to peace. 

Thus Jupiter in few u : ; lie charge j 

But lovely Venus thus replies at large : %$ 

power immenfe, eternal energy | 
(For to whatelfe protection can we fly ?) 
Seeft thou the proud Rutulians, how they dare 
Infields, unpunifiVd, and infult my care ? 
How lofty Turnus vaunts amidft his train, 30 

In mining arms triumphant on the plain ? 
Ev'n in their lines and trenches they contend 5 
And fcarce their walls the Trojan troops defend c 
The town is fill'd with flaughter, and o'erfloats, . 
With a red deluge, their increafing moats. 35- 

tineas, ignorant, and far from thence, 
Has left a camp expos'd, without defence. 



M7&B I S* Book X, 271 

Thk«n&ftiwti^efl»llthtyftmfaiUin? , 
Shall Troy renew'd be fbrc'd,- and fired again ? 
A fecond fiege my banifh'd iflue fears, 40 

And a new Dkanode in- amis appears. 
One more audacious mortal will be found*) 
And I thy daughter wait another wound* 
Yet if, with fates averfe, without thy leave,. 
The Latian lands my progeny receive,. 45 

tear they the pains of violated law, 
And thy protection from their aid withdraw. 
Mut if the gods their fure fuccefs foretell 
If thofe of heaven confent with thofe of hell, 
To promke Italy ; who dare debate 50 

Hie power of Jove, or fix another fate ? 
What fhould I tell of terapefls on the main,. 
Of JBoJus ufurping Neptune's reign ? 
Of Iris lent, with Bacchanalian heat, 
T* infpire the matrons, and defboy the fleet. 55. 

Ifow Juno to the Stygian Iky defcends, 
Solicits hell for aid, and arms the fiends. 
That new example wanted yet above : 
An aft that well became the wife of Jove* 
Aleclo, rais'd by her, wrJi rage inflames 60 

The peaceful bofoms of the Latian dames. 
Imperial fway no more exalts my mind 
(Such hopes I had indeed, while heaven was kind) ; 
Now let my happier foes ponels my place, 
Whom Jove prefers before the Trojan race ; 65 

And conquer they, whom you with conqueft grace. 






Since you can fpare, from all your wide command. 
No fpotof earth, nohofpkable land, 
Which may my wandering fugitives receive 
(Since haughty Juno will not give you leave) ; 
Then, father (if I ftill may nie that name) 
By ruinM Troy, yet fmoking from the flame, 
I be let Afcaaius by my care, 

om danger, and difmnVdthe war; 

iiT t, wiur t a crown; y t 

i diner may at caft on a ts unknown, 
Struggling with fate * bur le ie f 3 ve the fon. 

Mine is Cythcra, mine prian towers ; 

In fchofc reccfles, and th ed bowers, 

©bfcurely let I sft it refign g c 

To promts *d m ulian line. 

Then Cartha an towns deftroy, 

Nor fear the race *- ^ Joy, 

What profirs it my fon, to 'tatpe the fire, 

Arm'd with his gods, and loaded with his fire j S5 

To pals che perils of the leas and wind ; 

Evade the Greeks, and leave the war behind ; 

To reach th* Italian fhores : if, after all, 

Our fecond Pergamus is doom'd to fall ? 

Much better had he curb'd his high defires, 90 

And hover'd o'er his ill-extinguifhed fires. 

To Simois* banks the fugitives reftore, 

And give them back to war, and all the woes before. 

Deep indignation fweH'd Saturnia's heart : 
And muft I own, fhe faid, my fecret fmart ? 95 

4 What 

JRNK7S. Han* JT. 

What with more decent c were in lilence feepr # 
And but for this unjuft reproach bad flqi*. 
Did god, or man, youi la vomit* fun advife, 
"With war unhop'd the l.aMans Ui fnrpri/* > 
By- fare you boa ft, and by the {rod* decree, 
He left hi* native lam! for fssly : 
Confef.1 thr. rrJ'b ; by ftM'» f '«">ridf* f more 
Than Heaven, infpir'd, lie fr»-ijr>,r * foreign lb'** ■' 
Bid I pcrfuatie to truft his k<v»ivl 'ft*-/ 
To rhc raw cowla# r.t a hr-aMlefr hoy 5 
With wails unf.nilh'd, ivhich himfelf rofrake-, 
Ami Hirou^h the wav-j«; a .«?.i«vWinfi; voyage -jl"?- ■ 
W;ie:i have T uro'-! h;m mcn.-.i • ro demand 
The T:iii»n aid, and arm a v.\ii" und/ 
Diet I or fcis :?ve rliic .:ur| aiU- «•<■ » 
Or inatie Hie fool himfeif ;hi! :#t*\ ehoi« , *» 
ifcrn :hink it !i*rrt, rlie r.;iti&tu fhnnM Mrf«.f*v 
With j words your Trojans <nM -,v?ri| Sn.«% -urn- T - 
TTarci and jniult «niiw.-i, :«r wn •> rJcv* 
T", r:r '.ati^e ;»r. v»r «fci; .r 't\rr'.u\. \*\i • 
T\ .ir T.-rnv^ > ^-iiiirt#:.i hll " iv, 
'.. --jr.-iiTi .;; lirtl* *od -ii*' {o*v«^f.. * : : i»-- 
■ * ,r '' - 1 ' 1 " sp » fl av/fui *or f»«" .»»■*, 
W . .- vf "heir .^U:'.. ■«/» nrrv "«-1. "i •.•:*? ■** , : - 
'■ Ot O.'.T or., rf-.-yrv our !**■■ ;i.^'« 

,-.«l -Mil . *.« ■■.*;r.'K>r , i 'sr t.i« .*•■' ••.T \j ,S* <- 
}'!-::. mi. ■*. , liii«5 vor. .,;:■.!■.: :H,v. .»v;r« | -'-; 
»r -.:r.(l :«. ri'SCC. Ml trr ,;:Wf£f-. ;i ,var. 
Ti.m; .-iwn :r, r.u. ■ 'ttiriinj: io^^'' * - 
IV i raw -r.e . a Iran: :f>m \.n-. '-:^ir 
An-! i « ■ «-™n « Otcnci ..n i nirjr - 

W» 1 tV cau ^ i fatal wax bes*" ? , . , . 

vn« j*-** £ §£ of Greece -** 4 

60 ***»• whc " -, - r , ewl cr voices iri' = 
And ftonni to «««»* M lV tape.* S oJ > 

\ V itU reverence, WteMg 



JEN.EIS. Booic X. 17$ 

The clouds difpel ; the winds their breath restrain ; 
And the hufh'd waves lie flatted on the main). 

Cobleftials ! your, attentive ears incline ; 
Since, faid the god, the Trojans muft not join 
In wifh'd alliance with the Latian Unci 
Since cndlefs jarrings, and immortal hate, 
Tend but to dffcompofe our happy ftate.; 
The war henceforward be refign'd to Fate. 
Bach to his proper fortune Hand or fall* 165 

jSqual and unconccrn'd I look on all* 
Hutulians, Trojans, are the fame to me; 
And both lhall draw the lots -their fates 'decree. 
C*t thefe afTault, if Fortune be their friend ; 
And if (he favours thofe, let thofe defend : 179 

The Fates will find their way. The. Thunderer faid 1 
And (hook the facred honours of bis head ; 
Attcfting Styx, th' inviolable flood, 
And the black regions of his brother god : 
Trembled the poles of Heaven ; and earth jCOnfcftM 

the nod: 
This end the feffions had : .the fenate rife, 
And to his palace wait their fovereign through *he ikies. 

Mean time, intent upon their fiege, the foes 
'Within their walls the Trojan heft inclofe : 
They wound, they kill, they watch at every gate t ifo 
Renew the fires, and urge their happy fate. 

Th' ./Eneans wifh in vain their wonted chief, 
ffopelefs of flight, mere hopelefs of relief 1 
Thin on the towers they ftand ; and ev'n thole few, 
A feeble, fainting, and dejected crews 185 

T % Yet 



Yet in the face of danger fame there flood : 

The two bolt! brothers of SarjJcdotrs blood, 

Afius and Acmon I both th' AtTaraci j 

Young Haemon, and, though young, refoK "d to die* 

With thefe were Claras and Thymus joinM; ifl» 

Til iris and Caftor, both of Lyttan kind. 

From Acmon 1 * hands a rolUng ft one there c.nvne, 

So lar^e, it half defcrv'd a mountain's n^me ! 

Strong- fi new VI was the youth, and big of -hone* 

His brother Mntftheus could not more have done; f 

Or the irreat father of th* intrepid fori. * 

Some firebrands throw, fome flight* of arrows fendj 

And iome with darts, and fome with lionet defend. 

Amid the prefs appears the beauteous hoy. 

The care of Venus, and the hope of Troy* aoo 

Hi? lovely face unarmM, his head was hart* 

In ringlets o er hk 4hou-lder* Irtir.g his hair,? 

His fore lie ad circled with a diadem ; 

Piftinguiih'd from the <crowd he mines a gem, 

Enehas'd in gold, or polifh'd ivory fee* 10$ 

Amtdft :he meaner foil of fable jet. 

Nor U'marus wm wanting to the war, 
Direfting pointed arrowy from afar, 
And death with poifon arm*d: in f ydia borp. 
<\Vhere plenteous harvefts the fat fields adorn : 
Where proud Pa£loIu$ floats the fruitful la:ids f 
And leaves a rich manure of golden finds, 
TUtre Cjpys t author of the Capuan name; 
And there was Mneftheus too incr«-aVd in fame, 114 
Since Turn us from the camp he call with ihamc. 


JENEIS. Book X. 277 

T-hus mortal war was wag'd on cither fide. 
JvTean rime the hero cuts the nightly tide : . 
For, anxious, from Evander when he went, 
He fought the Tyrrhene camp, and Tarchon's tent ; 
Rxpos'd the caufe of coming to the chief* . 220 

His name and country told, and afk'd relief: 
Proposed the terms; his own fmall ftrength declar'd, 
What vengeance proud Mezentius had prepar'd : 
What Turnus, bold and violent, defign'd >. . 
then fhew'd-tne flippery ftate of human kind, 225 

And fickle Fortune; warn'd him to beware: 
And to his wholefome counfel added prayer, 
Tarchon, without delay, the treaty figns :• 
And to the Trojan troops the Tufcan joins. 

They foon fet fail; nor now the Fates wirhftand $230 
Their forces truftcdwith a foreign hand* 
£neas leads ; upon his Hern appear 
"wo lions carv'd, which rifmg Ida bear; 
la, to wandering Trojans ever dear, 
nder their grateful (hade ^Eneas fate, 235 

evolving war's events, and various fate. 
s left young Pallas kept, fix'd to his fide, 
d oft' of winds inquir'd, and of the tide : 
' of the ftars, and of their watery way ; 
1 what he fuffer 'd both by land and fea, a^o 

ow, facred fillers, open all your fpring : 
Tuican leaders, and their army fing;. 
ch foliow'd great Mntas to the war : • 
r arm*, their numbers, and their names, declare. 
T 3 A thou*- 



A thoufand youths brave Maftkus obey, 
Bom in the Tiger, through the foaming fca ? 
From Afium brought, and Cofa, by his care; 
For arms, light quivers, bows and fliafo they bea: 
Fierce A baa neatr> hi* men bright armour wore - t 
His ilern, Apollo's golden flatus bore. 
Six hundred Fopulonea font along, 
All fltilPd in martial exercife, and firong. 
Three hundred more for battle Tlva joins, 
An ille rejiowrfd for fttel, and unexhaufod mines. 
AfyUs on his prow the tlurd appears, 
Who heaven interprets, and the wandering flars ; 
From offered entrails prodigies expounds, 
And peals of thunder, wirh prcfaging founds. 
A thoufand f pears in warlike order ft and, 
Sent by the Pifans under his command. 

Fair Afhir follows in the watery field, 
Proud of his nianag'd horfe, and painted fhteld, 
Gravifca, noifom from the neighbouring fen, 
And his own Caere, fent three hundred men r 
With thofe which Minio's fields, and Pyrgi gave ; 
AH bred in arms, unanimous and brave. 

Thou, Mufe, the name of Cinyras renew ; 
And brave Cupavo fdllow'd but by few : 
Whofe helm confefs'd the lineage of the man, 
And bore, with wings difplay'd, a filver fwan. 
Love was the fault of his fanVd anceftry, 
Whofe forms and fortunes in his eniigns fly. 
For Cycnus loVd unhappy Phaeton, 
And fung h\s lofs in poplar groves alone 5 


JBNEIS. Book X. 2:9 

Beneath the fitter ihadet to foothhis griefs 275 

Heaven heard his fong, and haften'd his relief; 

And chang'd to fnowy plumes his hoary hair, 

And wing'd his flight, to chant aloft in air. 

His Ton Cupavo brufli'd the briny flood : 

Upon his (tern a brawny Centaur flood, i?o 

Who heav'd a rock, and threatening fliil to throw, 

With lifted hands, alarm 'd the feas below : 

They feem to fear the formidable fight, 

And roll'd their billows on, to fpced his flight. 

Ocnus was next, who led his native train 205 

Of hardy warriors through the watery plain, 
The fon of Manto, by the Tufcan ftrcam, 
From whence the Mantuan town derives the name, 
An ancient city, but of mix'd defcent, 
Three fcveral tribes compofe the government : 290 

Four towns are under each ; but all obey 
The Mantuan laws, and own the Tufcan fway. 

Hate to Mezentius arm'd five hundred more, 
Whom Mincius from liis lire Bcnacus I)ore ; 
(Mincius with wreaths of reeds hU forehead covcr'd 
o'er). 295, 

Thcfe grave Auletes leads. A hundred fwecp, 
With flretching oars, at once rlie giaiTy deep: 
Him, and his martial train, the Triton bears, 
High on his poop the fca-green god appears : 
Frowning he feems his crooked ihcll to found, 30* 

And at the blaft the billows dance around. 
A hairy man above the wafte he mows, 
A porpoifc tail beneath his belly grows; 

T 4 ' Krl 


Ajjd ends a fifh : his bread [he waves divides* 
And froth and foam augment the. murmuring tides* 

Full thirty fh\p% tranfport the chofen train*. 
For Troy's relief, and fcour the briny main* 

Now was the world forfaken by the fun, 
Ami Phoebe half her nightly race had run< 
The careful chiefs who never clos'd his eyes,, 
Himfelf the rudder holds, the fails fuppjiesp 
A choir of Nereids meet him od the flood, 
Once his own gallics, hewn from Ida's wood : 
But now as many nymphs the fea they fweep, 
* As rode before tall veffels on the deep, 3^ 

They know him from afar; and in a ring 
Intlofe the ihjp that bore the. Trojan king. 
Cymodoce, who fa voice excel I'd the reft, 
Ahorc the waves advatic'd her fnowy breafh 
Her right hand flops the fkrn, her left divides 320 

The curling ocean, and corrects the tides ; 
She fpoke for ail the choir; and thus began 
With ple^fmg words to warn th J unknowing mao :. 
Sleeps our lov'd lord ? O goddef suborn ! awakt, 
Spread every fail, purfuc your watery track; jz< 

And hafte your courfe. Your navy once were we # . 
From Ida's height defcending to the fea : 
Till Turnus, as at anchor ftx'd we flood;. 
Prefum'd to violate our holy wood. . 
Then loos'd from fhore we fled his fires profane 
(Unwillingly we broke our mailer's chain) ; 
And fince have fought yoiithrough ihcTufcan main 





JEN-UXS.. Book X, 281 

The mighty mother chang'd our forms to thefe, 
And gave us life immortal in the Teas. 
But young Afcanius, in his camp diftrefs'd, 335 

By your infulting foes- is hardly prefs'd j 
Th' Arcadian horfemcn,.and Etrurian hoft, 
Advance in order on the Latian coaic : 
To. cut their way the Daunian chief, defigns, 
Before their troops can reach the Trojan lines. 340 
Thou, when the rofy morn reftores the light, 
Eirft arm thy foldiers for th* enfuing fight $. 
Thyfelf the fated fword of Vulcan wield, 
And bear aloft th* impenetrable fhield. 
To morrow's fon, unlefs my (kill be vain, 345- 

Shall fee huge heaps of foes in battle flain. 
Parting, me fpoke; and, with immortal force, 
PuGYd-on the veflfel in her warery courfc, 
(For well (he knew the way) impell'd behind, 
The fh-:p flew forward, and outftript the wind. 350 
The reft make up : unknowing of the caufe,. 
The chief admires their fpeed, and- happy omene 

Then thus he pra/d, and fix'd on Heaven his eyes : 
Hear thou, great mother of the deities, 
With turrets crown "<:, (on Ida's holy hi)], y ^ 

Fierce tigers, rein'd and curVd, obey thy will), 
Finn thy own omens, lead u* on to fight, 
And jet thy Phrygians conquer in thy right. 

He faic no more. And now renewing day 
Had chzc'a the lhadows of the night away. - < c 




He charg*d the foldiers with preventing care, 
Their flags to follow, and their arms prepare ; 
Warn'ri of th* enfuing fightj and bade them hope the 
Now, from his lofty poop, lie view'd kkw, 
His camp encompjdVd, and th J in doling foe. 3,65 

His blazing ftueld embrae'd, lie held on high ; 
The camp receive the flgn, and with loud ft outs reply- 
Hope arms their courage : from their towers they throw 
Their darts with double force, and drive tlie foe* 
Tims, ar the fignal given, the cranes arife 370 

Before the ftonnv- fouth, and blacken all the flues. 

King Turnua wocder'd at the fi^ht renew'd ; 
Till, looking back, the Trojan fleet hfc iiew'd ; 
The feas with fwclling canvafs cover J d o*cr j 
And the fwift fliips defcending on the ihore* 375 

The Latians faw from far, wiih dazzled eyes, 
The radiant ere ft that fcem/d in flames to rife, 
And dart diifufivc fires around the field ; 
And the keen glittering of the golden fhicld. 

Thus threatening comets, when by night they rife, 
Shoot fanguine ftrcams, and fadden all the flexes : 
So Sirius, fla filing forth finilter lights, 
Pale human-kind with plagues and with dry famine 

Yet Turnus, with undaunted mind, is bent 
To man the fhores, and hinder their defcent : 385 

And thus awakes the courage of his friends. 
What you fo long have wifh'd, kind fortune fends : 


.ArtEIS. Book X.. tSj 

In ardent arms to meet th* invading foe : 

You find, and find htm at advantage now. 

Yours is the day, you need but only dare : 390 

Your fwords will make you mailers of the war. 

Your fires, your fobs, your houfes, and your lands, 

And deareft wives, are all within your hands. 

Be mindful of the race from whence you came ; 

And emulate in arms your father's fame. 395 

Now take the time, while flaggering yet they (land 

With feet unficm ; and prepoffefs the ftrand : 

Fortune befriends the bold*. No more he faid, 

But balanced whom to leave, and whom to lead : 

Then thefe clefts, the landing to prevent ; 400 

And thofe he leaves, to keep the city pent. 

Mean time the Trojan fends his troops aftiorc : 
Some are by boats expos'd, by bridges more. 
With labouring oars they bear along the ftrand,, 
Where the tide langui&es, and leap a-land. 405, 

Tarchon obferves the coafl with careful eyes, 
And where no ford he finds, no water fries, 
Nor billows with unequal murmur roar, 
But fmoothly Aide along, and fwell the fhore : 
That courfe he ftecr'd, and thus he gave command, 
Here ply your oars, and at all hazard land : 
Force on the veflel, that her keel ma) wound 
This hated foil, and furrow hoftile ground. 
Let me fecurely land, I aik no more, 
Then fink my (hips, or (hatter on the fhore. 415. 

This fiery fpeech inflames his fearful friends, 
They tug at every oar -, and every flretcher bends : 



They tun their fhips agxound, the veflels knock, 
{Thus forc'd afliore)' and tremble with the frock, 
Tarchon's alone was loft, and ftranded ftood> 41© 

Stuck on a bank, and beaten by the flood. 
She breaks her back, the loofcnM fides give way^ 
And plunge the Tufcan foldkrs in the fea, 
Their broken oars and floating planks wkhftand 
Their pafiage, while they labour to the knd ? 4*5 
And ebbing tides bear back upon rh' uncertain fand 

Ttfosv Turn us leads his troops, without delay., 
Advancing to the margin of the Tea. 
The trumpets found : ilineas firfl alTailM 
TUe clowns ncw-rais'd and raw; and foon prevall'th 43* 
Great The ton fell, an omen of the fight i 
Great The rem large of limbs, of giant height. 
He firfl In open fields dety'd the prince. 
But armour ftal'd with gold was no defence. 
A gain ft the fared ftvnrd, which open'd wide j: j\ 

His plated flii tld, and pieic'd hit naked fide, 

Next, Lvcns fell j who, not like others bom, 
Was from his wretched mother rippM and torn : 
Sacred, O PhoebUs ! from His birth to thee, 
For his beginning life from -biting fteel' was free. 440 
Nor far from him was Gyas laid along, 
Gf monftrous bulk; with Cilleus fierce and ftrong; 
"Vain bulk and ftrength j for when the chief aflail'd, 
Nor valour, nor Herculean arms, avail 'd/j 
Nor their fam'd father, wont in war to go 445 

With great Alcides,. while he toil'd below. • 

JEN £18. BookX. 2S3 

'The noify Pharos next received his death, 

iEneas writh'd his dart, and (lopp'd his bawling breath. 

Then wretched Cydon had received his doom, 

*Who courted Clytius in his beaTdlefs "bloom, 450 

And fought with hi ft obfeene polluted joys *. 

"The Trojan fword had cur*d liis love of boys, 

Had not his feven bold brethren ftopp'd the courfe 

Of the fierce champion, with united force. 

Seven darts are thrown at once, and Tome rebound 455 

From his bright fhield, fome on his helmet found : 

The reft had reach'd hira, but his mother's care 

Prevented rhofe, and turn'd afide in air. 

The prince then call'd Achates, to fupply 
The fpears that knew the way to vi&ory. ^i* 

Thofe fatal weapons* which, inur'd to blood, 
In Grecian bodies under Ilium ftood : 
Not one of thofe my hand fhall tofs in vain 
A gain ft: our foes, on this contended plain, 
He faid : then ferz'd a mighty fpear, and threw ; 465 
Which, wing'd with fate, through Maeon's buckler flew; 
Pierc'd all the brazen plates, afnd reach'd liis heart : 
He ftagijer'd with intolerable fmart. 
Alcanor law ; and reach'd, but reachM in vain, 
His helping hand, his brother to fuftaln. 470 

A fecond fpear, which kept the former courfe, 
From the fame hand, and fent with equal force, 
His right arm piere'd, and, holding on, bereft 
His ufe of both, and pinion'd down his left. 
Then Kumitor, from his dead brother, drew 475 

Th ? ill-omen'd fpear, and at the Trojan threw : 




Preventing Fate directs the lance awry, 
"Which, glancing, only inar-k'd .A chares' thigh . 

In pride of youth the Sabine CJaufus came, 
And frum afar at Dry ops took lus aim, 48* 

The fpear flew Kitting through the middle tpacc, 
And pitrcM his threat, di reeled at Lis face 1 
It ftopp'd at once the pailage of his wind, 
And the free foul to flirting air rcfign'd : 
His forehead was she firft that ftruck the ground; 484 
Life-blood and life rufli'd mingled through the wound. 
He flew three brothers of the JBortan race, 
Anil three, whom Jfmarus, their native. place, 
Had fent to Wat, hut all the fons of Thrace* 
Halcfus next, the bold Aurunci leads ; 49D 

The ion of Neptune to his aid lucceeds, 
Confpicuous on his horfe : on either hand 
Thefc fight to keep, and thofe to win the J and* 
'With mutual blood th* Aufonian foil is dy*d» 
While on its bard era each their claim decide* 495 

As wimery winds, contending in the iky, 
With equal force of lungs their titles try : 
They rage, they roar ; the doubtful rack of heave* 
-Stands without -motion, and the lide undriven : 
-Each bent to conquer, neither fide to yields 590 

They long^ufpend the fortune of the field. 
Both armies thus perform ajvhat courage can « 
$oot fet to foot, and mingled man to man. 

But in another part. d>* Arcadian hoiie* 
"With iU-&cce(s engage the Latin force, 505 


JENEIS. Book X. 187 

For where th* impetuous torrent, ruihing dovn f 

Huge craggy ft ones, and rooted trees had thrown, 

They lett their couriers, and, unus'd to fight 

On foot, were fcatter'd in a ihameful flight. 

Pallas, who with difdain and grief view'd 510 

His foes purfuing, and his friends purfucd, 

Us'd threatnings mix'd with prayers, his laft refource j 

With thefe to move their minds, with thofe to fire their 

Which way, companions t whither would you run ? 
By you yourfelves, and mighty battles wonj 515 

By my great fire, by his cltabliuVd name. 
And early promife of my future fame ; 
By my youth emulous of equal right, 
To (hare his honours, fhun ignoble flight. 
Truft not your feet ; your hands inuft hew your way 
Through yon black body, and that thick array : 
*Tis through that forward path that we muft come 2 
There lies our way, and that our paflage home. 
Nor powers above, nor deftinies below, ~ 

Opprcfs our arms ; with equal (brcngth we go; 5x5 I 
With mortal hands to meet a mortal foe. J 

See on what foot we ftand : a fcanty fhore; 
The fea behind, our enemies before : 
No paflage left, unlefs we fwim the main j 
Or, forcing thefe, the Trojan trenches gain, 530 

This faid, he ftiode with eager haftc along, 
And bore amid (I the thickeft of the throng, 
I,agus, the hrft he met, with fate to foe, 
Had heav'd a ftonc of mighty weight to throw ; 

: Stooping, the fpear defect] ded on his chine, 535 

Juft where the bone diftinguiftYd either loin : 
It Etuck fofafl, fo deeply bury\l lay, 
That fcaree the vi&or fore'd the fled away, 

Hifbon came on, bat while he maV'd too flow 
To wifli*d revenge, the prince preventshis blow j 54* 
Tor, warding his at once, at once he prefs*d; 
And pIungM the fatal weapon in his brcafh 
Then lewd Anchemolus he laid in duft, 
Who ftain'd his flepilam's bed with impious lufh 
And after him the Dan man twitit were (lain, 54-5 

I+aris and Thirnbrus, on the Latian plain : 
So wondrous like in feature, fhape, and (izc p 
As caus'd an error in their parents* eyes. - 
-Grateful mi (hike ! but foon the fword decides 
The nice diuunftion, and their fate divides. 550 

!For Thimbrus* head was loppM : and Laris 1 hand, 
Difmember'd, fought its owner on rlie flrand : 
'The trembling fingers yet the fauchion frratn, 
And threaten {H1HK* intended rtroke in vain. 
<■' Now, tfl renew the charge, th' Arcadians came : * 
Sight of fuch a&s, and fenfe of honeft lhame, J 

And grief, with anger -mrx'd, their minds inflame. * 
"Then with a cafual blow was Rhzteus *flain, 
Who chane'd, as Pallas threw, to*crofs Ae plain ! 
"The fly ingfpear was after Ilus-fent, 5$® 

But Rhaeteus happen- d on a death unmeant : 
From Teuthras and from Tyrus while he fled, 
The lance, atkwarrhis body, laid him dead, 



. JEN E IS. Book X. s8* 

Roll'd from his chariot with a mortal wound, 

And intercepted fate, he fpurn'd the ground. 565 

As, when in fummer welcome winds trife, 
The watchful fhepherd to the fbreft flies, 
And fires the midmoft plants ; contagion fpreads, 
And catching flames infect the neighbouring heads j 
Around the foreft flies the furious blail, 

' And all the leafy nation (inks at laft ; 
And Vulcan rides in triumph o'er the wade 3 
The paffor, pleas'd with his dire victory, 
Beholds the fatiate flames in iheets afcend the iky : 
80 Pallas' troops their fcatterM ftrength unite ; 575 

And, pouring on their foes, their prince delight. 

Halefus came, fierce with defire of blood 
(But firft collected in his arms he flood) § 
Advancing then he plyM the fpear fo welly 
Ladon, Demodochus, and Pheres, fell: 5 So 

Around his head he tofs'd his glittering brand, 
And from Strymonius hew'd his better hand, 
Held up to guard his throat : then hurl'd a (lone 
At Thoas' ample front, and piere'd the bone : 

*It ftruck beneath the fpace of either eye, 585 

And blood, and mingled brains, together fly. 
Deep ikill'd in future fates, Halefus' (ire 
Did with the youth to lonely groves retire : 
But, when the father's mortal race was run, 
Dire Deftiny laid hold upon the fun, 590 

And haul'd him to the war : to find beneath 
Th' Evandrian fpear a memorable death. 
VOL. VI. U Pallas 


Pallas th 1 en counter fee Vis ; but, ere he throws, 

To Tufean Tiber thus addreiVd his vows : 

O faered fixe am, direct my flying dart, 595 

And give to pafs the proud Halefus' heart : 

His arms and fpoils thy holy oak mall bear. 

FlcasM with the bribe, the god reteiv'd his prayerj 

For, while his Ihicld protects a friend diftrefs'd, 

The dart came driving 00, and piere'd his breaft. 600 

But Laufus, no fmall portion of the war, 
Permits not panlck fear to reign too far, 
CauVd by the death of fo rcno jj'd a knight ; 
But by his own example chcan> the fight. 
Fierce Abas fyrft he flew; Abas, the ft ay 605 

Of Trojan hopes, and hind ranee of the day* 
The Phrygian troops efeap'd thi Greeks in vain, 
They, and their mix'd allies, e iw load the plain. 
To the rude mock of war both armies came, 
The leaders etjual, and their flrength the fame, 610 
The rear fo prefs'd the front, they could not wield 
Their angry weapons, to difputc the field. 
Here Pallas urges on, and Laufus there, 
Of equal youth and beauty both appear, 
But both by Fate forbid to breathe their native 
Their congrefs in the field great Jove withftands, 
Both doom'd to fall, but fall by greater hands. 

Mean time Juturna warns the Daunian chief 
Of Laufus' danger, urging fwift relief. 
With his driven chariot he divides the crowd, 620 

.And, making to his friends, thus calls -aloud : 


-. } 

e am J 

jfctfETS, Soot X 291 

a Let none piefame his neediefs aid to join ; 

Retire, and dear die field, the fight is mine : 

To this right hand is Pallas only due : 

Oh* were his father here my juft revenge to view I 625 

from die forbidden fpaee his men rctirM, 

Pallas their' awe and his ftern words admir'd, 

tiurvey*d him o'er and o'er with wondering fight, 

Struck with his haughty mien, and towering height. 

Then to the kings your empty vaunts forbear j 630 

Juccefs I hope, and Fate I cannot fear. 

Alive or dead, I mail deferve a name 2 

Jove is impartial, and to both the fame. 

He faid, and to the void advanc'd his pace; 

Pak horror fate on each Arcadian face . 6 35 

Then Turnus, from his chariot leaping light, 

Addtefs'd himfelf on foot to fingle fight. 

And, ,as a lion, when he fpies from far 

A bull that feems to meditate the war, 

Bending his neck, and fpurning back the fend, 64? 

Huns roaring downward from his hilly ftand : 

Imagine eager Turnus not more flow, 

To rufh from high on his unequal foe. 

Young Pallas, when he faw the chief advance 

Within due diftance of his flying lance, 645 

Prepares to charge him firft, refolv'd to try 

If Fortune would his want of force fupply; 

And thus to Heaven and Hercules addrefs'd t 

Alcides, once on earth Evander's gueft, 

His fon adjures you by thofe holy rites, 650 

| That hofpitablc board, thofe genial nights j 
I U z Mi& 


AfTifl my great attempt to gain this prize, 

Ami let proud Turn us view* with dying eyes, 

His raviQYd fpoils. 'Twas heard, the vain requcilj 

A k ides mouniM $ and ftifled fighs within his breait. 

Then Jove, to foath his forrow, thus began r <+ 

Short hounds of life arc let to mortal matij \ 

*Tis virtue 1 !* work alone to flxeteh the narrow fpan. J 

So many fons of gods in bloody fights 

Around the walls of Troy, Have loft the light : 660 

My own Sarpcdon fell beneath his foe, 

Nor I, his mighty fire, could ,/atd the blow. 

Ev'n Turnus ihortly fhall rtfign his breath ; 

And fbnds already on the verge of death. 

This faid, the god permits the fatal fight, G65 

But from the Latian fields averts his fight. 

Now with full force his f pear young P id 1 as threw? 1 
And, having thrown, his ihining fauchion drew : 
The fteel juft grazed along the flioulder joint, 
And mark'd it (lightly with the glancing point. 670 
Fierce Turnus firft to nearer diftance drew, 
And pois'd his pointed fpear before he threw : 
Then, as the winged weapon whizz'd along, 
See now, faid he, whofe arm is better flrung. 
The fpear kept on the fatal courfe, unftay'd 675 

By plates of iron, which o'er the fliield were laid : 
Through folded brafs and tough bull-hides it pafs'd, 
His croflet.pierc'd, and reach'd his heart at laft. 
In vain the youth tugs at the broken wood, 
The foul comes ifluing with the vital blood : 680 


^ w JK'RYI $. r Boot X. MJ 

He falls j his arms upon his body found i 
And with his bloody teeth he bites the ground. 

Turn us beftrode the corpfei Arcadians hear, 
Said he ; my meflage to your matter bear: 
Such as the (ire defenrM* the fon I fend : 68$ 

It cofts him dear to be the Phrygians' friend. 
The lifelefs body, tell him, I beftow, 
Unafk'd, to red his wandering ghoft below. 
He faid, and trampled down with all the force 
Of his left foot, and fpurn'd the wretched corfe : 69c* 
Then fnatch'd the mining belt, with gold inlaid j 
The belt Eurytion's artful hands had made s 
Where fifty fatal brides, exprefs'd to fight, _ 

All, in the compafs of one mournful night, I 

Depriv'd their bridegrooms of returning light. 695 J 

In an ill hour infulting Turnus tore 
Thofe golden fpoils, and in a worfe he wore. 
O mortals ! blind in fate, who never know 
To bear high fortune, or endure the low ! 
The time (hall come, when Turnus, but in vain, 700 
Shall wifh untouch'd the trophies of the (lain : 
Shall wifh the fatal belt were far away; 
And curfe the dire remembrance of the day. 

The fad Arcadians from th' unhappy field, 
Bear back the breathlcfs body on a fbield. 705 

O grace and gtief of war ! at once reftor'd 
With praifes to thy (ire, at once deplorM. 
One day firft fent thee to the fighting field, ■> 

'Beheld whole heaps of foes in battle kill'd t I 

One day beheld thee dead, and borne upon thyfliicR ) 


This difmal news, not from uncertam Fame, 

But fad (pcftstors, to the hero came ; 

His friends upon the brink of rum ftand, 

Unkfs relic v*6 by his victorious hand. 

He whirls his {word around, without delay, 71 ■ 

And hews through adverfe foes an ample way; 

To find tierce Turnus, of his eonquefi proud ? 

Evamder, Pallas, all that friendfhip ow'd 

To large defcrts, are pre fen t to his eyes 5 
His plighted hand, and hof pi table ties* 713 

Four fons of Sulmo, four whom Ufens bred. 

He took in fight, and living victims led* 

To pteafc the ghoft of Pallas j and expire 

In facrificc, before his funeral fire. 

At Magus next he threw : he ftoop'd he low 7; = 

The frying fpear, and fhun'd the promised blow. 
Then, creeping, clafp'd the hero's knees, and pray*d: 
Bv young lulus, by [hy father's fhade, 
O fpare my life, and fend me^back to fee 
Hy longing fire, and tender progeny. 73^ 

A lofty houfe I have, and wealth untold, 
In filver ingots, and in bars of gold : 
All theft, and fums befides, which fee no day, 
The ranfom of this one poor life ihall pay. 
If I furvive, ihall Troy the lefs prevail ? 73$ 

A fingle foul 's too light to turn the fcale. 
He faidi The hero fternly thus reply'd : 
Thy bars, and ingots, and the fums befide, 
Leave for thy children's lot. Thy Turnus broke 
All rules of wk> b^ one rckmlefs ftroke, 740 


MN E I S. Book X **$ 

When Pallas fell i fo deems, nor deems 

My father's fhadow, but my living foa. 

Thus having faid, n£ |ct&d rcmorfe bcre^ 

He feizM lus helm, and dragg'd him with fail It ft : 

Then with hii right-hand, wlule his neck he wrtath'd* 

Up to the hilts lib mining foci c hi on f heath "d. 

Apollo's prieftj H3?monidcs, was near, 
His holy fillets on his front appear ; 
Glkteri&g in arms he (hone amid ft the crowd; 
Much of hil god, taorc of his purple proud: 75c* 

Him tot; fie ice Trojan follow' J through the field* 
The holy coward Id I : and, fore'd to yield, 
The prince ftood o'er the pricit ; and at one blow 
Stnt him an offering to the {hades below. 
His t|m I Sere ( thus on bis flioulders bears r 75$ 

Defi^n'd a trophy to the god of wars- 

Vulcanian Cfrculus renews the fight; 
And Umbra born upon the mountain's heightp 
The champion cheats his troops t 'en counter thofcj 
And feeks revenge himfelf on other fots. 76* 

At Anxur's fhield he drove, and at the blow 
Both fhield and arm 10 ground together go* 
Anxur had boafted much of magic charms, 
And thought he wore impenetrable arms ; 
So made by rautter'd f pells : and from the fpheres 765 
Had life fecur'd in vain, for length of years. 
Then Tarquitus the field in triumph trod $ 
A nymph his mother, and his fire a god. 
Exulting in bright arms, he braves the prince ; 
With his portended lance he makes defence : 77* 

V 4 ^w* 


Bears hack his feeble foe ; then, prelTing on, 
Arrefts his better hand, and drags him down* 
Stands o J er the proflrate wretch, and as he lay, 
Vain tales inventing, and prepar*d to pray, 
^tows orF his head ; the ttuak a moment flood, 775 
Then funk, and rolTd along the fand in blood* 

The vengeful viftor thus upbraids the {lain j 
Lie there, proud man, unpity*d on the plain : 
Lie there, inglorious, and without a tomb. 
Far from thy mother, and thy native home : ^E» 

Expos'd to fa v age beails, and hi ds of prey j 
Or thrown for food to menders of the lea* 

On LyciS and H Antaeus next he ran, 
Two chiefs of Turnus, ahd who led his van. 
They fled for, fear 1 with thefe he chae'd along, 785 
Camera the yetlow-lockM, and Numa ftrong, 
Both great in arms, and both were: fair and young : 
Gamers was fon to Volfcens lately flain, 
Jn wealth furpalfing all the Latian train, 
And in Amy da fax'd his fa lent cafy reign. 790 

And as JEgean, when with heaven he itrove, 
Stood oppofite in arms to mighty Jove j 
Mov'd all his hundred hands, provok'd the war, 
Defy'd the forky lightning from afar : 
Qt fifty mouths his flaming breatli expires, 795 

And flafh for flafli returns, and tires for fires : 
In his right-hand as many fwords he wields, 
And takes the thunder on as many fhields : 
With ftrength like his the Trojan hero flood, ^ 

And foon the fields vmh feWYtv^ctoos were ftrow'd, ! I 
When once fcta faudriaik faaxA, ^s. \»&& <& n^a. i 


■ ANEIS. Book X. \w 

With fury fcarce to be conceiv'd, he flew 

Againft Niphaeus, whom four couriers drew# 

They, when they fee the fiery chief advance, 

And pufhing at their chefts his pointed lance, $0$ 

Wheel'd with fo fwift a motion, mad with fear, 

They drew their matter headlong from the chair : 

They flare, they ftart, nor flop their courfe, before 

They bear the bounding chariot to the fhore. 

' Now Lucagus and Liger fcour the plains, 810 - 

With two white fteeds, but Liger holds the reins, I 

And Lucagus the lofty feat maintains. J 

Bold brethren both, the former wav'd in air «% 

His flaming fword ,• tineas couchM his fpear, ^ 

Unus'd to threats, and more unus'd to fear. 815 J 

Then Liger thus. Thy confidence is vain 

To fcape from hence, as from the Trojan plain : 

Nor thefe the fteeds which Diomede beftrode, 

Nor this the chariot where Achilles rode: 

Nor Venus' veil is here, nor Neptune's fhield : £20 

Thy fatal hour is comcj and this the field. 

Thus Liger vainly vaunts : the Trojan peer 

Retum'd his anfwer with his flying fpear. 

As Lucarus to lafh his horfes bends, 

Prone to the wheels, and his left foot protends, 825 

Prepar'd for fight, the fatal dart arrives, 

And through the border of his buckler drives; 

Paft'd through, and piere'd his groin ; the deadly wound, 

Caft from his chariot, roll'd him on the ground. 

Whom thus the chief upbraids with fcornful fpight : 830 

Blame not the flownefs of your fteeds in &\gtv\\ 


Vain ihadows did not force their (wifc retreat i 
Eur you vuurfelf forfeits your emptv feat. 
He fail, and fei^'d at once the Ioofcn*d rein 
{For Lij?tr lay already on the plain 8je 

6y the fame mock) ; then, foretelling out his hands, 
The recreant thus his wretched life demands .- 
Now by thvfdf, O more than mortal man I 
By her and him from whom thv breath began t 
Who form '4 thee thus divine, I beg thee J pare $4<& 

This forfeit lifer* and hear thy fuppli ant's prayer. 
Thus much he fpoke j and more he would have fait), 
But the ft cm hero turn'd afide hU head, 
And cut him Ihort ■ I hear another man, 
You talk'4 not thus before the tight tagan ; £45 

Now take your turn : and, ai a be other ibould, 
Attend your brother to the Stygian flood : 
Then through his breaft his fatal (word he fent, 
And the foul iffucrd at ihc gaping vent. 
£s ilorms the Ikies, and torrents tear the ground, 85a 
Thus rag'd the prince, and fcatter'd deaths around ; 
At length Afcanius, and the Trojan train, 
Broke from the camp, fo long bciieg'd in vain. 
Meantime the king of gods and mortal man 
Hehi conference with his queen, and thut began: 855 
My fifter-goddefs, and well-pleafing wife, 
Still thinjc you Venus' aid fupports the ftrife ; 
Sttflains her Trojans, or themfelves alone 
With inborn valour force their fortune on > 
Jfow fierce in fight, with courage undecay'd I 860 

judge if fuck VtUtiw \w&\ Vsottawl aid. 

4SNEIS. Book X. £99 

To whom the goddefs with the charming eyc*,- 

Soft in her tone, fubmiflively replies. 

Why, O my fovereign lord, whofe frown I fear, 

And cannot, unconcerned, your anger bear; 865 

Why urge you thus my grief? when if I ftill 

(As once J was) were miftrefs of your will, 

From your almighty power, your pleafing wife 

Might gain the grace of lengthening Turnus* life j 

Securely fnatch him from the fatal fight j 87^ 

And give him to his aged father's fight. 

Now let him perifh, fince you hold it good,. 

And glut the Trojans with his pious blood. 

Yet from our lineage he derives his name, 

And in the fourth degree from god Pilumnus came I 

Yet he devoutly pays you rites divine, 

And offers daily incenfe at your fhrine. 

Then fbortly thus the fovereign god reply'd ; 
Since in my power and goodnefs you confide ; 
If for a little fpace, a lengthen 'd fpan, $S4$t 

You beg reprieve for this expiring man : 
I grant you leave to take your Turnus hence*. 
From inftant fate, and can fo far difpenfe. 
But if fome fecret meaning lies beneath, 
To fave the ihort-liv'd youth from deitin'd death : 885 
Or if a farther thought you entertain, 
To change the fates ; you feed your hopes in vain. 

To whom the goddefs thus, with weeping eyes: 
And what if that requeft your tongue denies, 
Your heart would grant ; and not a wort reprieve, 89* 
But length of certain life to Turnus give* 


Now fpeedy death attends the gui kiefs youth, 

Jf my prefacing foul divines with truth , 

Which, O 1 I vvilh might trr through caufclefs f\ars t 

Afid you (for vow have power) prolong his years, ftyfc 

Thui having laid, involv'd in clouds, ilie flics, 
And drives a florin before her through the ikies. 
Swift flic dtf tench, alighting on the plain. 
Where the fierce fuss a dubious fight maintain. 
Of air condenfd, a. fpeffcrtf foon fhe made, 900 

And what -/Eneas was, fuch feem'd the (hade. 
Adorn W with Dardan arm<, the phantom bore 
Hh head a j oft, a plumy creft he wore 1 
This hand appear'd a flrining fword to wield, 
Ant] that fuilaind an imi tared Jhield 1 905 

With manly mien he ilalk'd along the ground ; 
Nor wanted voice bcly'd, nor Taunting found 
(Thus hiunthg ghofU appear to waking fight, 
Or dreadful viiions in our dreams by night)* 
j|2je fpe&re feems the Daunian chief to dare, 91a 

And flourifhes his empty fword in air : 
At this advancing Turnus hurl'd his fpear j 
The phantom wheel'd, and feem'd to fly for fear. 
Deluded Turnus thought the Trojan fled, 
^nd with vain hopes his haughty fancy fed. 915 

Whither, O coward, (thus he calls aloud, 
Nor found he fpoke to wind, and chae'd a cloud ;) 
Why thus forfake your bride ! Receive from me 
The fated land you fought fo long by fea. 
He faid, and, brandifhing at once his blade^ QiO 

With eager ^<z ^vufro^ \^ fc^ {bade. 

9'S j 

int. J 

, XtfEIS. Book X. 301 

By chance a (hip was faflen'd to the (bore, 
Which from old Clufium king Ofinius bore t 
• The plank was ready laid for fafe afccnt j 
For ihelter there the trembling (hadow bent, 
And (kipp'd, and fculk'd, and under hatchet went. 
Exulting Turnus, with regardlefs hade, 
Afcends the plank, and to the galley pafs'd. 
Scarce had he reach'd the prow, Saturnia's hand 
The haulfers cuts, and (hoots the (hip from land. 9jo 
With wind in poop, the veffcl ploughs the fca, 
And meafures back with fpred her former way* 
Meantime tineas feeks his abfent foe, 
And fends his (laughter'd troops to (hades below. 

The guileful phantom now forfook the (hrowd, 935 
And flew fublime, and vaniuVd in a cloud. 
Too late young Turnus the dclufion found, 
Far on the fea, Aill making from the ground. 
Then, thanklcfs fur a life redeemed by (name, 
With fenfe of honour (lung, and forfeit fame, 940 
Fearful befides of what in fight liad pafs'd, 
His hands and haggard eyes to heaven he cad* 
O Jove ! he cry*d, for what offence have I 
DtferVd to bear this endlefs infamy ? 
Whence am I fore'd, and whither am I borne, 945 
How, and with what reproach (hall I return ! 
Shall ever I behold the Larian plain, 
Or fee Laurentum's lofty towers again ? 
What will they fay of their deferring chief ? 
The war was mice, I fly from their relief / <>< 9 


I led co Slaughter, and tn (laughter leave ; 
And ev'n from hence their dying groans receive- 
Here, over-match'd in fight, in heaps they lie. 
There fcatter'd o'er the fields ignobly fly. 
Crape wide, O earth 1 and draw me down alive, 
Or, oh, ye pitying winds ! a wretch relieve; 
On fands or flielvcs the fplircing veffcl rlrivc : 
Or fee me fhipwreck'd on fome defert fliore, 
Where no Rutulian eyes may 1 me more t 
Unknown to friends, or foes, - confcious«Fame, 
Left fhe fhould follow, and i ight proclaim! 

Thus Turnus rav'd, and \, us fates revolved, 
'The choice was doubtful, bui ; death refolv'd* 
And now the fword, and m*"- : fea took place : 
That to revenge, and tl * je difgrace. 

Sometimes he thought t v * e ftqrmy main, 

+By Wretch of arms the iliftani 11 re to gain : 
Thrice he the fword afTiiy*d, and thrice the flood ; 
.'fitit Juno, mov'd with pity, both withftood : 
And thrice rcprefs'd his rage : ftrong gales fupply'd, 
And pufh'd the veflelo'er the fwelling tide. 
At length (he lands him on his native fhores, 
And to his father's longing arms reftores. 

Meantime, by Jove's impulfe, Mezentius arm'd, 
Succeeding Turnus, with his ardor warm'd 97$ 

His fainting friends, reproach'd their fhameful -flight, 
'iRepell'd the victors, and renew'd the fight. 
Againft their king the Tufcan troops confpire, 
Such is their hate, and fuch their fierce defire 


£N£ I S. Book X. 301 

Of wifti'd revenge: on him, and liim alone, 9 So 

All hands employ M, and all their dates are thrown. 

He, like a folid rock by feas inclos'd, 

To raging winds and roaring waves oppos'd j 

From his proud fummit looking down, difdains 

Their empty menace, and unmov'd remains. 985 

Beneath his feet fell haughty Hcbrus dead, 
Then Latagus ; and Palmus as he fled : 
At Latagus a weighty (tone he flung. 
His face was flatted, and his helmet rung. 
But Palmus from behind receives his wound, 990 

HamftringM he falls, and grovels on the ground : 
His creft and armour, from his body torn, 
Thy (houlders, Laufus, and thy head adorn. 
Evas and Mymas, both of Troy, he flew, 
Mymas his birth from fair Theano drew : 99^ 

Born on that fatal night, when, big with fire, 
The queen produe'd young Paris to his fire. 
But Paris in the Phrygian fields was (lain $ 
Unthinking Mymus, on the Latian plain. 

And as a favage boar on mountains bred, ieo<f 

With foreft ma ft and fattening marines fed ; 
"When once he fees himfelf in *o'.W inclos'd, 
By Luntfmen and their eager hounds oppos'd, 
He wiiets his tuflu, and turns, and dares the war $ 
Th' invaders dart their javelins from afar; iccj 

AH keep aloof, and fafely fiiout around, 
But none prefumes to give a nearer wound. 
He frets and froths, erects his briftled hide, 
Aad fkakes a gTove of lances from uh fide : 

ate night. 


Not otherwife the troops, with hate fofpir'd 
And juft revenge, againil die tyrant fcr'd j 
Their dart* with clamour at a dill an ce drive, 
And only keep the languiftTd war alive. 

From Coritus came Ac ton to the fight, 
Who left his fpoufe betroth 'd, and unconfummatc nig' 
Mczentius fees him through the fquadrons ride, 
Proud of the purple favours of his bride. 
Then, as a hungry lion, who beholds 
A gamefome goat who frifks about the folds, 
Or beamy flag that grazes on the plain 1 icuo 

He runs, he roars, he ihakes bis rifing mane j 
He grins, and opens wide his reedy jaws, 
The prey lies panting undern^jth his paws ; 
He fills his fami&Vd maw, his mouth runs o'er 
With unchtw'd models* while he churns the gore : 
So proud Mezcntius rufties on his foes, 
And firft unhappy Acron overthrows : 
Stretch'd at hw length, he fpurns the fwarthy ground, 
The lance, befmear'd with blood, lies broken in the 

Then with difdain the haughty vi£tor view'd 1030 
Orodes flying, nor the wretch purfued : 
Nor thought the daftard's back deferv'd a wound, 
But running gain'd th' advantage of the ground. 
Then, turning Ihort, he met him face to face, 
To give his victory the better grace. 1035 

Orodes falls, in equal fight opprefs'd : 
Mezentius fix'd his foot upon his breaft, 

And , 


And refted lancet and tfcns aloud he cries, 

fx> here the champion of my febefe He*. 

The fields around with 15 Pieaa ring, i 04* 

Arid ffctfl* rf fhauts applaud the conquering long. 

AtduVtrteTOwpinYd, with his dying breath, 

Thai fstntly fpoke, and propliriy'd in dctth : 

Uor thou; proud man, tmpunrfiVd^halt remain* 

Like death attends thee on this fatal plain. ' 1045 

Then, foariy -fodlhig, thus the Icing tepl^d* 

For what belongs to me, let Jove provide j s 

But die thou firft, whatever chance enfue. 

He faid, and<from the wound the weapon drew* 

A hovering mift «atne Swimming oVr his light, to<o 

And feal'd his .eyes in everiaftrag night* 

By Cadmus, Alcathbm was Uaiu t - 
^aerator laid* Hydsfpes en the plain : 
Orfes the ftrdngto greater ftrength mult yield * 
ffe, with Pavthenius, were by Rapo kiH'd. 2055 

Then fcrave fifeflaput Srieetes -flew, 
Who from LycaonS Wood *ris lineage drew. 
But from hfa headftrong horfe his fate he found, 
Who threw ins mailer as he made a bound j 
The chicC, alighting, fhick him to the ground. 1060 
Then Clonius han<Hn hand, on foot aflails, 
The Trojan finks, and Neptune's fan prevails. 

Agis the Lycian, ftepping forth with pride. 
To fingle fight the holdeft foe defy'dj 
Whom Tufcan Valerus by force o'ercame, 106.5 

And not bely'd his mighty father's fame* 

VouVL X Salius 


3 o* DR YD EN'S VI ft CI t* 

Sahua to death the great Antrontus fent, 

But the fame fate the vicW underwent ; 

Slain by Nealces' band, well Gtill'd to throw 

The flying dart, and draw the far-deceiving bow, joft 

Thus equal deaths arc dealt with e^ual chance ; 
By turns they quit their ground* by turns advance : 
Vi&orf, and vanquifhM, in die various field, 
Nor wholly overcome, nor wholly yield. 
The gods from heaven furvey the fatal ilnfe* ie 75 

And mourn the tnifevics of human life* 
Above the reft two god defies appear 
Contcrr/d for each ; here Venus, Juno there : 
A mid ft the crowd infernal Ate fliakts 
Her fcourge aloft, and creft cf biffing fnakes* 10S0 

Once i in iic the proud Mtzentiub with difdain 
BrandiJhM his fpcar, and ruflvd into the plain : 
Where towering in the mid mod ranks he flood, 
Like tall Orion ilalking o*cr the flood : 
"When with his brawny bieaft be cuts the waves, 10S5 
His (houlders fcarce the topmofl billow laves. 
Or like a mountain-alb, whofc roots are fpread, 
Deep tix'd in earth, in clouds he hides his head. 

The Trojan prince beheld him from afar. 
And dauntlcfo undertook the doubtful war. 1090 

Collected in his ftrength, and like a rock, 
Poiz'd on his bafe, Mezentius flood the (hock. 
He flood, and, mcafuring firft with careful eyes 
The fpace his fpear could reach, aloud he cries ; 
My ftrong right-hand, and fword, aflift my ftroke j 
(Thofe only gods Mezentius will invoke) 


JBNEIS. toOcX, j£? 

Jus ass9Mft» fnoi ot lYoiasi pnJK rana» 

By ar uii i mplu n T Laufas shall be itnh. 

He fita, um with Ins mnoft force he threw/ 

The anflr fpear, which, biffing *s h flew, itce 

Beach'd die crleftial shield that ftoppVl the coatfe* 

Bat glancing' thence, the yet-unbroken font 

Took a new bent obliquely, and betwixt 

The fides and bowels fam'd Anthores 6x*d. 

Anrhores had from Argos trarell*d fir, n?<; 

Abides* friend, and brother of the war : 

Till, tir*d with toils, fair Italy he chofe, 

And in Slander's palace fought reoofe t 

Now filling by another wound, his eyes 

He cafts to heaven, on Argos thinks, and dies* i no 

The pious Trojan then his javelin fent. 
The (hield gare way : through treble plates it went 
Of folid brafs, of linen trebly roll'd, 
And three troll-hides which round the buckler rollM. 
All thefe it pafs'd, refiftlcfs in the courfe, i it 5 

Tranfpierc'd his thigh, and fpent its dying force* 
The gaping wound gulh'd out a crimfon flood 1 
The Trojan, glad with fight of hoftile blood, 
His fauchion drew, to clofcr fight addreft'd, 
And with new force his fainting foe opprefs'd. 1 110 

His father's peril Laufus view'd with grief, 
He figh*d, he wept, he ran to his relief: 
And here, heroic youth, 'tis here I snuft 
To thy immortal memory be jult j 
And fing an aft fo noble and (0 new, 1125' 

PbfUrity will: fcarce believe 'tis true. 


Fain*d with his wound, and ufckfs for the fight*. 
The father fought to fave himfelf by flight ; 
Jncur&berM, flow he dragg'o the fpear aleng, it ?» 

^hith picrc'cl hb thigh, and in his buckler hung. 
The pious youth, refolv'd on deaths below 
The Lifted fword fpringa forth, to face iho foe \ 
Prote£U his parent, and prevents the blow, 
Shouts of applaufe ran ringing through the field, 
To fee the fen the vamjuiih'd father f hie Id s vx %% 

AIL fiVd with generous indignation ftrtve ; 
And* with a ftortn of darts, at diftanee drive 
The Trojan chief x who, held at hay from far, 
On his Vulcan tan orb {uftain'd the war. 

As when thick hail conies tattling in the wind, 1 149 
The ploughman, pafivngrr, and labouring Lind, 
"For flicker to the neighbouring covert fly; 
Or houVd, or fate in hollow caverns lie; 
But, that o'erhlown, when heaven above thena fmile«, 
[Return to travel, and renew their toils* **4ifo 

iEneas, thus o'erwhelm'd on every fidev ^ 

The ftorm of darts, undaunted, did abides r 

.And thus to Laufua loud with friendly threatening f 
cry'd: . Ji 

"Why wilt thou ruih to certain death, and rage 
In raft attempts, beyond thy tender age, tu| 

Betray'd by pious love ? Nor thus forbora. 
The yout\i defifts, but with infulting fcorn 
Provokes the lingering prince, whofe patience, tir'd* 
Gave place, and alibis bread with fury fir'd* 




ijSjKBIS. Boai I. *oa> 

Ipr bow the Fam pcepe/d their fharpentt wcen t 115s 
And lifted high, the flaming fword appears,. 
Which full descending,, with a frightful fway, 
Through Jhield and cadet fbro'd th' impetuous way, 
And buried deep-in hia fak bofom lay. 
Tfhe purple rorcams through the dun armour ftrore* 
And drench-d th' embroiderM coat his mother wove ; 
And life at length fbriook hit heaving heart, 
Loth from fo fwect * mention to-depatt* 

But when, with blood and palenels all otafpreid, 
The pious priaao-bcheld young Laufii* dead 1 1 14$. 
& gricvM,. he weptp tfce fight an usage brought 
Of hia own filial love ;. a fadly pkafing thought! 
Then ftretehtt his hand«ft> hold binvup, and faid, 
Poor haplefs youth I what praifet can be paid' 
To love fo gresfe. °> fueh tranfcendencihiOBi 1 1 j& 

Of early worth, and Aire pnefage of move J 
Accept whate'er -£*eas can afford t 
Untouch'd thy arms, uotaken be thy f word 4 
And all that plcas'd thee living, (till remain 
Inviolate, and facred to the (lain ! 1175- 

Thy body on thy parents I beffcxav 
To reft thy foul, at kaft if (hadowe know, 
Or have a £tn(c of human things below. 
There to thy fellow-ghofh with glory tell,. 
Twas by the gnat JEneas' hand I fell. 1 1 80 

With this hit diftant fsiends he beckons near, 
Provoke* their duty, and prevents their fear t 
Himfclf aflttb to lift him from the ground, 
With clotted locks, and- blood that, wellft from tri& ^ 



Bfcean time fait father, now no ta^^No?!* 1 *%•# 
And wauVd hit wootfoVby Tiber's ^c^ikifi 3 ^ 
Opprefs'd with ugmflp 9 panriog, and o^rjamt^ ^< U: * 
HU (muting limb* again* an oak he ksni :u " u " >- *"" ' 
A bough hit brazen helmet dktfuroiitf, J ; " ' ,;i/k 
Hit homer armt layicttter'd on the paVf 1 "'* trip 
A chofen train of youth around himftanoV 4 * J,li * * * 
Hit drooping head wat^ftfcd on hb ban** "' ' ; ' J 

Hit gnuy beard mafnifive bofoin ftugpt* 
And all on Laufat ran hh reftlcft thought ''* v ' u 
Consul, couom'd nk'daafjeria'pm^Ba^" 1 * 4 : < ■ ,, irW 
He mucheoquirM, ataftfeany a«efia$Hemi < ' ■"-; *. 
To warn him from the JBeld t ahrtFiltStftfk ' * v ' 
Behold hit mournful fetioweri fcenHte'fisnW-' ' - * ' * * 
O'er his broad mteldftill gulhtt&t y t W bhtgW w ib d^ A 
And drew a bloody trail along the ground. * iae«> 

Far off he heard their cries, far off divin'd 
The dire event with a foreboding mind. 
With dull he fprinkled firft his hoary head, «i - 

Then both his lifted hands to heaven be fpread 5 f 

Laft the dear corpfe embracing, thus he f aid 1 1205 J 
What joys, alas ! could this frail being give*. 
That I have been Co covetous to live ? 
To fee my fon, and fuch a fon, rcfign • "'* 

His life a ranfom for preferving mine i 
And am I then preferv'd, and art thou loft ? it M 

How much too dear has that redemption coft ! 
'Tis now my bitter baniihment I feel j 
Tltis is a wound too deep for time to heal. 

7 *r 

^NEIS, Boot X. }tt 

My guilt thv growl ng virtues did defame, * 

My black nefs blotted thy unhlemiuVd name* iiij 

Chac'd from a throne* abanttonMt ant) txiPci, 
For foul tnifJeeds* were punishments too mild ; 
I ow'ii my people thefe, and from their hate 
With Icfs rc font me ni could have bom my fate. 
And vet I live, and yet fuflajn the fight 1 41# 

Of hated men, and of more bated light t 
But vvill not long*. With that he rab*d frnm ground 
His fainting limbs that (UggerM with lii>. wound* 
Yet wkh a mind refolv'd, ami uttappal'd 
With pain! or perils, for hU courier callVl I a* 

Welb-mouth'd, wcll-mjmag'd, whom hrnift-Jt' did dreft 
With daily care, and mounted with fueccfc \ 
His aid in arms* his ornament in peace. 

Sooth tRg4ii* courage w iih a gentle ftroJte, 
The freed fcem'd fenfiblc, while rhus lie fpoket 1139 
O Rtaebtts, wc have liv'd too long for me 
(If life and long were terms that could agree) f 
This day thou either fcait bring hack ihc head 
And bloods trophiei of the Trojan dt*d | 
Thii day xhou either ifaalt revenge oiy woe 35 

For murder 'd I^zuius, on hii cruel foe j 
Or* if ineio/ible Fare deny 
Our con^ucft. with tbf cannvct*d mailer 4m t 
For* after fiach a lord* 1 tfeft ict?rr» 1*39 

Tlida wait no foreign reim, at Trojan lo*d, endvrc. 
lie {aid : a&4 fbaagftr t|*' o£oo*e eotufer iuh*' t 
To sake bit wasted wcigte. Hn ban* he fife 





With pointed javelins i on his head he lacM 
His glittering helm, which tcrriblv was gracd 
With waving horfc4<air, rjaddjng from afar; ti4j 

Then fpurr'd his thundering fteed a in id ft the war* 
Love T anguifb. wrath, anil grief* tomadnefs wrough% 
Defpair, and feoret (hamc, and confeious th ought 
Of in horn worth 3 his labouring foul opprefs'd, 
Rolt'd in'hU eyes* and rig'tl within his hreaft. nn 
Then loud he call'd jEneag * ce l>y name* 
The loud repeated voice to I jEne^s eaine. 
Great Jove, he Caid, and tlu '-(booting god, 
Jnfpirc thy mind to make rhv hallenf** good. 
He fpoke frt mrkrCj bu* ^a , void of fear, 1*55 

And tlireai " fk ^ : otendod fpear* 

To whom i t Thy vaunt* arc tain, 

iw. f * * plain t 

ct.'JHj tly won t 

"3 lie wretcnea 'fire is raurjera m the fan. n£o 

t^or fate 1 fear, but all the gods defy, 
Forbear tky tkreats, my bufinefs is to die* 
But firft receive this parting legacy, 
Sicfaid : and ftraight a whirling dart ;hc feat : 
Another after, and another went. 1165 

Round in afpacious ring he rides the field, 
And vainly plies xh' im|)enetrable fhield : 
.Thrice rode he round, and thrice .£neas wheel'd. 
Tura'd as he Utfl'^; the golden orfe wkhftood 
The (trokes 5 and bore about an iron wood* 1x70 

Impatient of delay, and weary grown, 
J&&U to defend, and to defend alone : 




.£NEIS. Book X. 313 

To wrench the darts which in his buckler light, 

Urg*d and o 'er-labour d in unequal tight : 

At length refolv'd, he throws with all his force 1175 

Full at the temples of the warrior horfe. 

Juft where the ftroke was aim'd, th' unerring fpear 

Made way, and flood transnYd through either ear, 

Seiz'd with unwonted pain, furpri? d with fright, 

The wounded deed curvets ; an<i> nis'd upright, 1280 

Lights on his feet before ; his hoofs behind 

Spring up in air aloft, and lafli the wind. 

Down comes the rider headlong from his height, 

His horfe came after with unwieldy weight; 

And, floundering forward, pitching on his head, 11$ t 

His lord's incumber'd (houlder overlaid. 

From either hoft the mingled fhouts and cries 
Of Trojans and Rutulians rend the ikies. 
jEneas, haftening, wav'd his fatal fword 
High o'er his head, with this reproachful word : 1200 
Now, where are now thy vaunts, the fierce difdain 
Of proud Mezcntius, and the lofty ftrain ? 

Struggling, and wildly flaring on the fkics, 
With fcarce rccovcr'd fight, he thus replies : 
Why thefe infulting words, this waflc of breath, 12 05 
To fouls undaunted, and fecure of death? 
Tis no diflionour for the brave to die, 
Nor came I here with hope of victory. 
Nor afk I life, nor fought with that deflgn : 
As I had us'd my fortune, ufc thou thine. i ^oo 

My dying fon contracted no fuch band j 
The gift is hateful from his murderer's Wdt. 

Vol. VI. y ^** 


For this, this only favour kt me fue: 
If pity cm to oonquer'd foes he due, 
Refute it not : but kt ay body have 1305 

The lift retreat of human-kind, a graved 
Too well I know th* infulting peopled hate 1 
Proteft me from their vengeance after fate : 
This refuge for my poor remains provide, y 

And lay my mucB4ov*d Laufus by my fide. 13 10 v 
He faid, and to the fword his throat apply'd. J 

The crimfon ftream diftain'd his arms around, 
And the dtfdaiaful foul came rumiug through the 



• V Til 


TheJEvns, 1c 


?a^ : 






I i V 











, */w^ / LlJtJffe<? 




P W O R K S 





















D R Y D E N'S 


» » 

t r 1 



M N E I 


Snelt ere&s a trophy of the fpoils of Mezentius j 
grants a truce for burying the dead ; and fends home- 
the body of Pallas with great folemnity. Latius 
calls a council to propofe offers of peace to JEneas, 
wfeich occasions great animofity betwixt Turnus and 
dances t in the mean time there is a (harp engage- 
ment cf the horfe ; wherein Camilla fignalizes her- 
felfj is killed: and the Latine troops are intirely 

JCARCE had the rofy morning rais'd her head 

* Above the waves, and left her watery bed; 

he pious chief whom double cares attend 

w his unbury'd foldiers, and his friend : 

ct firft to heaven perfornTd a vigor's vo\v : 5 

1 bard an ancient oak of all her boughs : 

lien on a rifing ground the trunk he plac'd j 

riiich with the ipoils # of his dead foe be gnue'd. 

Vox. VII. ■' B tVfc 


The coat of arms by proud M dentins worn* 
Now on a naked fhag in triumph borne, -io 

Was hung on high; and glitterM from afar: 
A trophy i acred to the god of war. 
Above his arms, fiVd on the leafllcfs wood, 
Appeard his phimy t reft, befmearM with blood i 
His brazen buckler on the Jcft was feen ; rj 

Truncheons of fhiverM lances hung between : 
And on the right was placed his corfietj bord; 
And to tht n?ck was ty'd his unavailing fword. 
A crowd of chiefs inclofe the godlike man : 
Who thus, confpicuous in the midft, began: *a 

Our toils, my friends, ar*" Tnwn'd with fnre fuctefei 
The greater part perform M hieve the lefs. 
Now follow chearful to the tr ibling town 5 
Frefa but an entrance, and pidume it won. 
Fear is i\o more : for fierce Mezentius lies, 2.5 

As the fruits of war, a facrifice. 
Turnus (hall (land extended on the pain ; 
And in this omen is already flain. 
Prcpar'd-in arms, purfue your happy chance: 
That none unwarnM, may plead his ignorance : 30 
And I, at heaven's appointed hour, may find 
Your walike enfigns waving in the wind. 
iMean time the rites and funeral pomps prepare, 
JDue to your dead companions of the war : 
The laft refpeft the living can beftow, ^5 

To fliield their fhadows from contempt below. 
That conquered £arA\\\it ^£yc* fot -which they fought; 
md which Cor u& v?\^\ vV^vc om\\&tfA '^'W^. 

:M NrEI S. ^Boolc XL 3 

.'But firft the corpfe of our unhappy friend, 
To the fad city of Evandcr fend : 40 

'Who not inglorious in his age's bloom 
'Was hurry' d hence by too fevcre a doom. 

Thus, weeping while he fpoke, he took his way, 
•Where, now in death, lamented Pallas lay : 
Acoetes watch'd the corpfe ; whofe youth defervM 45 
The father's trull, and now the fon he ferv'd 
With equal faith, but lefs aufprcious care : 
Th' attendants of the flain his forrow (hare. 
A troop of Trojans mix'd with thefe appear, 
And mourning matron* with diihevel'd hair. 50 

I Soon as the prince appears, they raife a cry; 
.All beat their breads, and echoes rend the iky. 
They rear his drooping forehead from the, ground; 
I "But when ./Eneas'view'd thegrifly wouna 
I Which Pallas in his manly bofom bore, 55 

I And the fair flefh diflain'd with purple gore: 

.Pint, melting into tears, the pious man 
; Deplor'dfo fad a fight, then thus began : 
• Unhappy youth ! when fortune gave the reft 
■ Of my full wiflies, (he refusM the bed! 60 

She came; but brought not *hee along, to blefs 
My longing eyes, and mare in my fuccefs : 
She grudgM thy fafe return, the triumphs due 
To profpercus valour, in the public view, 
llot thus I promised, when my father lent £$ 

thy need Ws fuccour witli a fad confent ; 
Imbrac'd me parting for th' Etrurian land, 
4;:i t\ r,r mc to pofl'cls a hvgt com\p,aiuU 


B \ ' W 


He wnm*d, znd from his own experience told, 

Our foes were warlike, difciplin'd, and bold i 7& 

And now perhaps, in hopes of thy return* 

Rich odours on his loaded altars hum 3 

While we, with vain officious pompj prepare 

To fend Jiini back his portion of the wan 

A bloody hreathJcis body ; which can owe 

No fa i" i her debt^ but to the powers below. 

The wretched father, ere his r c is run, 

Shall view the funeral honours f his fon> 

The ft ace my triumphs of the Latian war j 

Fruits of my plighted faith, and boaftcd care* So, 

And yet, unhappy Sire, thou (halt not fee 

A fan, whofe death difgrae'd his anceftry ; 

Thou matt not blulh, old maiii however grieved i 

Thv Pallas no diflioneft wound reenv'd. 

He dy\i no detiEli to make thee wifh, too InTe* E5 

Thou hadtr not liv' fee his fliameful fate. 

But what a champion has th* Aufonian coaft, 

And wliat a friend haft thou, Afcanius, loft ! 

Thus having inournM, he gave the word around, 
To raife the brcathlefs bbdy from the ground 5 90 

And chofe a thoufand horfe, the flower of all 
His warlike troops, wait the funeral : 
To bear him back, and (hare Evander's grief 
(A well-becoming, but a weak relief). 
Of oaken twigs they twift an eafy bier j 95 

Then on their moulders the fad burden rear. 
7 'he body on l\us miaWitife is born, * 
'Jtrew'd leaves anAf>M\wX ^«t&^M\a^WL, 

^NEIS. Book XI. ' 5 

All pale he lies, and looks a lovely flower, 

New cropt by virgin hands, to drefs the bower : iod 

Unfaded yet, but yet unfed below, 

No more to mother earth or the green ftem mall owe. 

Then two fair vefts, of wondrous work and cbft, 

Of purple woven, and with gold embotVd, 

For ornament the Trojan hero brought, 105 

Which with her hands Sidoninn Dido wrought. 

One veft arrayM the corpfe, and cne they fprcad 

O'er his closM eyes, and wrap'd around his head : 

That when the yellow hair in flame fhould fall, 

The catching fire might burn the golden caul. 11^ 

Bcfides, the fpoils of foes in battle flain, 

When he defcended on the Latian plain : 

Arms, trappings, horfes, by the herfe he led 

In long array (th' achievements of the dead). 

Then, pinion'd with their hands behind, appear 115 

Th* unhappy captives, marching in the rear: 

Appointed offerings in the vigor's name, 

To fprinkle with their blood, the funeral flame. 

Inferior trophies by the chiefs are born; 

Gauntlets and helms, their loaded hands adorn j 120 

And fair inferiptions hVd, 2nd titles read 

Of Latian leaders conquer' d by the dead. 

Accetes on his pupil's corpfe attends, 
With feeble fteps 5 fupported by his friends : 
Panting at every pace, in forrow drown'd, 125 

Betwixt their arms he finks upon the ground. 
Where groveling, while he lies in deep defpair, 
He beats his breaft, and rends his \\oarj \y>at. 

B 1 Tt*. 


The champion's chariot next js feen to roll, 

Befrncar'd with noftilc E>laod, and honourably fouL 

To clofe the pomp, j*Ethon, the feed of ftate, t jf 

Is kd, the Funerals of his lord to wait. 

Stripped of his tappings, with a fulkti pace 

He walks, and the big tears run rolling down' his Face* 

The lance of Pallas, and the crimfan ereft, 135 

Are borne behind j the vI£ior feizM the reft* 

The march begins s the trumpets hoarfely found. 

The pikes and lances trail along the ground. 

Thus while the Trojan and Arcadian horie,, 

To Pa Han lean towers direct their courfe* 

In Jong proceulon rank ' d ; the pious chief 

Stopp'd in the rear, and gave a vent to grief. 

The public care, he faid, wh' war-attends, 

Diverts oui prefent woes, at L_i fuipends : 

Peace with the manes of great Pallas dwell $ 14.5. 

H;til holy rclicLs, and a laft farewell ! 

He more, but inly though he mourn'd, 

Reftrain'd his tears, and to the camp returned. 

Now fupjliants, from Laurentum fent, demand 
A truce, with olive-branches in their hand.. 150 

Obteft his clemency,, and from the plain 
Beg leave to draw the bodies of their flain. 
They plead, that none thofe common rites deny 
To conquerM foes, that in fair battle die. 
All caufe of hate was ended in their death ; 1 55 

Nor could he war with bodies void of breath, 
A king* they hop'd, would hear a king's requeft s 
Whofe foil he oivct vm c&V&> wAw.« his gueft. 


JE N E I S. Book XI. 7 

Their fuit,- which was too juft to be deny'd, 
Th* hero grants j and farther thus reply'd : 160 

Latian princes, how fevere a fate 

In caufelefs quarrels has involved your ftate ! 

And armM againft an unoffending man, 

Who fought your friendship ere the war began ! 

You beg a truce, which I would gladly give, 165 

Not only for the llain, but thofe who live. 

1 came not hither but by heaven's command, 
And fent by Fate to mare the Latian land. 
Nor wage I wars unjuftj your king denyM 

My proffcr'd fikndmip, and my promised bride. 170 

Left me for Turnus ; Turnus then mould try 

His caufe in arms, to conquer or to die. 

My right and his arc in difpute : the flain 

Fell without fault, bur quarrel to maintain. 

In equal arms let us alone contend 5 175 

And let him vanquifh, whom his Fates befriend. 

This is the way, fo tell him, to poflefs 

The royal virgin, and relfcore the peace. 

Bear this my mcflage back j with ample leave 

That your (lain friends may funeral-rites receive. i£o 

Thus having faid, th* embafladors amaz*d, 
Stood mute a while, and on each other gaz'd : 
Dranccf , their chief, who harboured in his breaft 
Long hate to Turnus, as his foe profefsM, 
Biuke filence firft, and to the godlike man, X85 

With graceful a£lion bowing, thus began : 

Auipicious prince, in arms a mighty name, 
But yet v.hof. aft ions far tranfccn<\ ^(mtfamt*. 

B 4 . NN 


Would I your juftice or your force ejcpreTs, 

Thought can but equal 4 and all words are lefs : 15* 

Your anfwer we fhall thankfully relate, 

And favoms granted to the Latin n flate = 4 . 

If wiuVd fuccefs your labour mall attend* 

Think peace concluded* and the king your friend: 

Let Turnus leave the realm to your command ; 195 

And fecit alliance in fome otlitr kind : 

Build you the city which you, -'atcs aflign 1 

Wc (hall be proud in the gre work to join, 

"J 'bus D ranees * and his woi^^ fo well perfuade 

The reft iiupower T d, that fa on ^ truce is made, 4 a* 

Twelve days the term allow and during iliofc, 

Latians and Trojans* now no longer foes, 

Mixd in the woods, for fun I piles prepare, 

To fell the timber, and for^_ he war* 

Loud axes through the groaning groves refoimd i jo 5 

Oak, raouiitiiii-iiftj and poplar* fpread the ground; 

Firs fall from high : and ibme the trunks receive. 

In loaden wains, with wedges fome they cleave. 

And now the fatal news by Fame is blown 
Through the fhort circuit of th* Arcadian town, t\% 
Of Pallas flain : by Fame, which juft before 
His triumphs on diftended pinions bore. 
Rufhing from out the gate, the people (rand, 
Each with a funeral flambeau in his hand : 
Wildly they ftare, di Grafted with amaze : 115 

The fields are lightened with a fiery blaze, 
That caft a fullen iplendor on their friends 
(The marching It co? \«Vv:\\ vtveir dread prince attends). 


Jl|l BIS. Book XI. 

ortics meet * they raile* doleful cry i 
tatrons from the wills with urtekt reply s no j 
heir mix'd mourning rends the vaulted Iky. 
)wn is filTd with tumult and with tears, 
le loud clamours reach Evander's cars t 
fol of his ftate, he runs along, 
a diforder'd pace, and cleaves the throng : as 5 
in the corpfe, and groaning there he lies, 
Glent grief, that Ipeafcs but at his eyes : 
Sghs and fobs fucceed t till forrow breaks 
age, and at once' he weeps and fpeaks. 
alias 1 th;u haft fail'd thy plighted word I 130 
;ht with caution, not to tempt the fword, 
i'd thee, but in vain j for well I knew 
perils youihful ardour would purfuc 1 
wiling blood would carry thee too far j 
j as thou wert in dangers, raw to war! 135 

1 eflay of arms, difaftrous doom, 
e of bloody fields, and fights to come ! 
dements of inaufpicious war, 
ows to heaven, and unavailing care t 
- na PPy thou, dear partner of my bed, 14* 

: holy foul the (broke of fortune fled t 
ous of ills, and leaving me behind, 
nk the dregs of life by fate aflign'd. 
i the goal of nature I have gone; 
illas late fet out, but reach'd too foon. 145 

•m my league againft th* Aufdnian ftate, 
their weapons I had found my fate, 
4 {fctfwVfc 


( Defer v\l from tjiem} then I had been returned 
A breathless viftoj-, and iny fori had nwurnM. 
Yet will not I my Trojan friend upbraid, gjo 

Nor grudge th* alliance I fo gladly made. 
Twm not hi* fault my Pallas fell fa young, 
But my own crime for having l*v"d ton Long. 
Yet, fince the god* had deflriiTd him to die, 
At Jeaft he led the way to victory : % jj 

Firlt for hi* friends he won ths ratal fliore, 
And fent whole herd* of flaugbter'd foes before i 
A death too great, too glorious to deplore* J 

Nor will I add new honours to thy grave; 
Content with tbofe the Trojan hero gave. i6o 

That funeral pomp thy Ph an friends defign'd j 
In which vhe Tufcan chief « d army join'd: 
€/re:»t f'uoiU, and trophies gained by thee, they bear t 
Then let thy own atchitvcwenU be thy mare* 
Ev'n ihuu, O Turnus, hadft a trophy ftood, %&$ 

Whufe mighty trunk had better gnicM the wood* 
If Pallas had arrivM, with equal length 
Of yer-rs, to match thy. bulk with equal ftrength. 
K But why, unhappy man, doft thou detain 
Thefe troops to view the tears thou fhed'ft in vain T 
Go, friends, this meflage to your lord relate 5 ayi 

Tell him, that if I bear my bitter fate, 
And after Pallas' death, live lingering on, 
'Tis to behold his vengeance for my fon. 
I (lay for Turnus j whofe devoted head %J% 

Is owing to \ta Iking and the dead : 




1NEI S. Booic XI. ii 

My (bit and I expett it from his Hand $ 

'Tis all that he can give, or we demand. 

Joy is no more: but I would gladly go, 

To greet my Pallas with fuch news below. 280 

The morn had now difpeird the/hades of night 5 . 

Keftoring toils, when me reftor'dthe light: 

The Trojan king, and Tufcan chief, .command - 

To raife the piles along the winding ftrand : 184.*- 

Their friends convey the dead to funeral fires ; 

Black fmouldring fmoke from the green wood expires; 

The light of heaven is chok'd, and the new day retires. 

Then thrice around the kindled piles they go 

• (■For ancient cuftom had ordainM it fo). 

Thrice horic and foot about the fires are led, 2.9^ 

.And thrice with loud laments they hail the dead. 

.Tears trickling down their breafts bedew the ground ^ 

And drums and trumpets mix their mournful found. 

Amid the blaze, their pious brethren throw 

The fpoils,. in battle taken from the. foe 5 295 

Helms, bitts embofsM, and fwords 0/ mining ftceV 

.One cafts a target,, one a chariot-wheel : 

Some to their fellows their own arms rellore : 

The fauchions which in lucklefs- fight they bore.: 

Xheir bucklers- piere'd, their darts beftow'd in vainy 

And ftriver'd lances gathered from the plain, 301.' 

Whole herds of offered bulls about the fire* 

A.nd briftled boars, and woolly flieep expire. 

Around the piles a careful troop attends, 

to watch the wafting flames, and weep their. burning 

t, friends. 

1 Lingering. 

1U tllV I 

And part are to the neighbouring fields < 
The corpfe of kings, and captains of rei 
Born off in ftate, are bury'd in the town 
The reft unhonour'd, and without a nam 
Are caft a common heap to feed the flam 
Trojans and Latians vie with like defire* 
To make the field of battle fhine with fir 
And the promifcuous blaze to heaven afj 

Now had the morning thrice renew'd t 
And thrice difpell'd the ihadows of the 
When thofe who round the wafted fires r 
Perform the laft fad office to the flain « 
They rake the yet warm afties, from, bel 
Thcfe, and the bones unbnrn'd, in earth 
Thefe relicks with their country rites the 
And raife a mount of turf to mark the pis 

But in the palace of the king, appears 

JEKEIS. £001; XL. 

r e are the crimes, with wine: *j «.- r/ 
TurauF, and on him aioii*. tv.'.jau.. 
lim, "vrhs lorcir x: c>: v .• ..... 

» tht piil 1 .. vu: i»i* ! •«:•• l •-: - 
til, tii'.' :va; ;!■. i .---;■.. «• 

rc tx:»tJi. ; .. :::.■■ .. -. 

rir.'Ji m 


i. : 

LulC blTjZi 



'TTTStr L.C1: 

t i: 


ht c'jsrr. 


;■.' ■ 

:ie i:.ui : 


tritci- f: . 



. ** thr* 

: = ■ 


ire trr: i 


»'d v :i i..:.-r ■ 

14. D R YD E N'S V I R G IL 

The princes come, commanded by their head, 

And crowd the paths that to the palace lead. 363 

Supreme in power, and rcvcrenc'd for his years, 

He takes the throne, and in the midft appears 1 

MajeilicaDy tad, he fits in Jtate, 

And bidt his envoys their fuccefs relate. 

When Vemdos began, the murmuring found 573 
Was huflVd, and ftcred-ftlefice"cigt)'d -wound. 
We have, (aid he, performed y ur high command : 
And pafsM with peril a long t ct of land : 
We reached the place defir'd, T-irh wonder fillM, 
The Grecian tents and riftng * wers beheld, 373 

-Great Dlomede ha& compaiVd ound with walk 
The city } which Argyripa he < Us i 
-From his own Argos nam'd 1 1 re touched, with jo' 
The royal hand that raz'd unhappy Troy. 
When introduced, ottr prefent* fir ft wet ring, 380 

Then crave an inftant audience from the king : 
His leave obtained, our native foil wc name j 
And. tell th* important caufe for which we came. 
Attentively he heard us, while we fpoke ; 
Then, with loft accents, and a pleating look, .385 

Made this return : Aufonian race, of oH x 
Renown'd for peace, a*id for an age of gold, 
What madnefs has your altered minds poffe&'d, 
To change for war hereditary reft ? 
Solicit arms unknown, and tempt the fword 390 

(A needlefs ill your anceftors abhor'd). 
We (for nriyfelf I ipeak, and all the name 
•Of G reams, nA\oaq^o^*^\^\<^«m£V 


MfH M I 8. Book XI. 15 

g thofe who were in battle (lain, 

e by rolling Simois to the main x 39.5 

but fufter'd, and too dearly bought 
ze of honour which in arms he fought. 
>onVd to death, and fome in exile driven, 
ts, abandoned by the care of heaven : 
1, fo wretched, fo defpis'd a crew, 400 

old Priam might with pity view, 
i the veffels by Minerva tofs'd 
is, the vengeful Capharaean coaft.; 
bean rocks j» the prince, whofe brother led 
lie* to revenge his injured bed, 405 ■• 

it loft ; Ulyfles, with his men, 
:n Charybdis, and the Cyclops dens 
ould I name Idomeneus, in vain, 

to fceptres, and expel I'd again ? 
g Achilles, by his rival flain ? 410 

, the king of men, the foremoft name 
le Greeks, and mod renowri'd by fame, 
ud revenger of another's wife, 
Ills own adultefefs loft his life t 
lis threshold, and the fpoils of Troy 41.5 

1 polluters of his bed enjoy. 
xis have envy'd me the fwcets of life, 
ch-lov'd country, and my more lov'd wife: 
I from both, I mourn ; while in the flcy, 
rm'd to birds, my loft companions fly : 410 
g about the coafts they make their moan 5 
ft the cltfEs with pinions not their own. 


What fqiialld fpeelres, in the dead of night, 

Lreak my fhort fleep, and ikim before my fight ! 

I might have promis'd to myfelf thofe harms, 4.1 j 

Mad as I was, when I with mortal arms 

PrefumM again ft immortal powers to move* 

And violate with wounds the queen of love. 

Such arms this iir.ncl ftiaU never more employ j 

No Kate remains with me to ruinM Troy, _ ■** 

1 wai" not with its duft j nor am I glad 

To think of paft events, or good or bad. 

Your p relents I return : whatever you bring 

ToVuy my friendibip, fend the Trojan ting. 

We met in fight, I know him to my coft $ 

With what a whirling force his lance he tolVd s 

Heavens \ what a fprtng was in his arm, to throw i 

How high he held his fhield, and rofc at every blow! 

Had Troy produced two more* hh match in might, 

They would havechang'd the fortune of the fight: 440 

Th* invafion of the Greeks had been returned : 

Our empire wafted, and our cities burn'd. 

The long defence the Trojan people made, 

The war protracted, and the fiege delay'd, 

Were due to Hector's and this hero's hand 5 445 

Both brave alike, and equal in command : 

^Eneas not inferior in the field, 

In pious reverence to the gods excellM. 

Make peace, ye Latians, and avoid with care 

Th' impending dangers of a fatal war. 450 

He laid no move \ but, with this cold excufe, 

•RefuVd th' alliance, rod*A\\tf&*\iw*. 



JB N E I S. Book XL 17 

Thus Venulus concluded his report, 
A jarring murmur fuTd the factious court : 
As when a torrent rolls with rapid force, 455 

And dafhes o'er the (tones that flop the courfe j ' 
The flood, connrain'd within a fcanty fpace, 
Roars horrible along th* uneafy race : 
White foam in gathering eddies floats around: „ 
Tim xocky fhores rebellow to the found. 460 

The murmur ceasM : then from his lofty throne 
The king invokM the gods, and thus btguri ; 
I wifh, ye Latins, what we now debate 
.Had been refolvM before it was too late : 
Much better had it been for you and ms, 465 

UnforcM by this our Iaft neceflity, 
To have been earlier wife ; than now to call 
A council, when the foe furrounds the wall. 
O citizens ! we wage unequal war, 
With men, not only heaven's peculiar care, 470 

But heaven's own race : unconquer'd in the field, 
0r, conquered, yet unknowing how to yield. 
{What hopes you had in Diomcde, lay down : 
pur hopes muft center on ourfelves alone. 
1 Jfet thofe how feeble, and, indeed, how vain, 475 
ITou fee too well ; nor need my words explain. 
iFanquiuYd without refource 5 laid flat by fate, 
factions within, a foe without the gate j 
|ot but I grant, that all performed their parts, 
|rith manly force, and with undaunted hearts 1 480 
Vith our united ftrengh the war we wag'd i 
Yith equal numbers, equal arms, engaged 1 
.VouVII, C You 


You fee tlT event— Now hear what I propofe, 

To fave our fi tends, and fatisfy our foes ; 

A tra£t of land the Latins have polTeiVd 4S5 

Along fhe Tiber, ft retching to the Weft, 

Which bow Rutulians and Auruncans tiJIs 

And their mix" d cattle gra&e the fruitful hill j 

Thofe mountains fd\\\ with firs, that lower land, 

If you conic nt * the Trojan mail command ; 430 

CaU'd into part of what is ours t and there. 

On terms agreed, the common country ftiare. 

There let them build, and fettle, if they pleafe ; 

Unlefs they choofc once more to crofs the leas, 

In fearch of feats remote of i Jy j 49 j 

And from unwelcome rnmatci fet us free. 

Then twice ten gallies let us b lild with fpeed # 

Or twice as many more, if more they need j 

Materials are at hand; a well-grown wood 

Runs equal with the margin of the flood i 309 

Let them the number, and the form affign ; 

The care and coft of all the ftores be mine. 

To treat the peace, a hundred fenators 

Shall be commiflion'd hence with ample powers ; 504 

With olive crown'd : the prefents they fhall bear, 

A purple robe, a royal ivory chair 5 

And all the marks of fway that Latian monarchs 


And fums of gold. Among yourfelves debate 
This great affair, and fave the finking Hate. 

Then Drarvcts tooV. tivt ^ord ^ who grudg'd long fince, 
The riling g\om% <i ^\>vm^^>^u 5 n 




jRNfc I S. Boot XI. 


Va&ious and rich, bold it the council-board, 

But cautious in the field, he fltun'd the fword } 

A clofe caballcr, and tongue-valiant lord. 

-Noble his mother was, and near the throne* 515 

But what hit father's parentage, unknown. 

•He rofe, and took th' advantage of the times 

To load young Turnus with invidious crimes. 

Such truths, O king, faid he, your words contain, 
At ftrike the ienfe, and all replies are vain s 520 

<Kor are your loyal fubje&s now to feek 
What common needs require 5 out fear to fpeak. 
1-ct him give leave of fpeech, that haughty man, 
Whofe pride -this inaufpicious war began : 
•For whofe ambition (let me dare to fay, 525 

-Fear fet apart, though death is in my way) 
The plains of Latium run with blood around j 
So many valiant heroes bite the ground -t 
Dejected grief in every face appears 5 
A town in mourning, and aland in tears. 530 

While he, th' undoubted author of our harms* 
The man who menaces the gods with arms, 
Yet, after all his boafts, forfook the fight, 
And fought his fafety in ignoble flight. 

Now, bed of kings, fmce you propoie to fend 535 
Such bounteous prefents to your Trojan friend $ 
Add yet a greater at our joint requeft, 
One which he values more than all the reft 5 
Give him the fair Lavinia for his bride : 
jp/ith that alliance let the league be ty'd 5 $*fc 

^nd for the bleeding iand a lafting peace ptQYvte. 

C % ^<* 



J-ct in faience no longer awe the throne. 

But with a fathers right bellow your own. 

For this maligncr of the general good, 

If ftiU we fear his force, he inuft be woo\l : S4i 

Hi a haughty godhead we with pray Era implore, 

Your fceptre to re 1 cafe, and our juft lights reftore* 

O curfcd caufe of all om- ills, muft we 

Wage wars unjuft, and fall in fight thcel 

What right haft thou to rule the Latian ft ate, 550 

And fend us out to mett our certain fate ? 

*Tis a deftruclive war i from Turnus' hand 

Our peace and public fafety we demand* 

Let the fair bride to the brave chief remain ; 

If not, the peace without the pledge is vain- 555 

Turnus, I know, you think me not your friend, 

Nor will I much with your belief contend ; 

I beg your greatnefa not to give the law 

In other realms, but, beaten, to withdraw. 

Pity your own, or pity our eftate ; 560 

Nor twift our fortunes with your finking fate. 

Your intercft is, the war mould never ceafe j 

But we have felt enough, to wifli the peace ; 

A land exhaufted to the laft remains, 

Depopulated towns, and driven plains. 565 

Yes, if defire of fame, and thirft of power, 

A beauteous princefs, with a crown in dower, 

So fire your mind, in arms afTert your right ; 

And meet your foe, who dares you to the fight. 

Mankind, it feems, \* made for you alone ; 570 

We, but the Havs% yiVq tmwmX ^w& \a ^ <&Rsrc& t 


JBMEIS. Book XI. it 

A baft ignoble crowd, without i name: 

Unwept, unworthy of the funeral flame: 

By duty bound to forfeit each his life, 

That Turnus may poflefs a royal wife. 575 

Permit not, mighty man, fo ntean a crew ~) 

Should (hare fuch triumphs ; and detain from you s 

The poft of honour, your undoubted due : J 

Rather alone your matchlefs force employ j 

To merit, what alone you muft enjoy. 580 

Thefe words, fo full of -malice, mix'd with art, 
Inflam'd with rage the youthful hero's heart. 
Then, groaning from the bottom of his breaft, 
He heav'd for wind, and thus his wrath exprefs'd. 
You, Drances, never want a ftream of words, 585 
Then, when the public need requires our fwords. 
Firft in the council-hall to fleer the ftate $ 
And ever foremoft in a tongue-debate. 
While our ftrong walls fecure us from the foe, 
Ere yet with blood our ditches overflow : 590 

But let the potent orator declaim, 
And with the brand of coward blot my name 3 
Free leave is given him, when his fatal hand "} 

Has cover'd with more corpfe the fanguine ftrand ; C 
And high as mine his towering trophies (land. 595 j 
If any doubt remains who dares the moft, 
Let us decide it at the Trojans' coft : 
And iflue both a-breaft, where honour calls $ 
Foes are not far to feek without the walls, 
t Unlefs his noify tongue can only fight t 6o<* 

; And feet were given him but to fpctd Yu% fk\^cv\.% 

/ C 3 WttWe 



** D R Y D E N'S 

I beaten from the field \ I forc'd away ! 

Who, bye fo known a daftard, dares to fay ? 

Had he but cv*n beheld the fight, his eyes 

Had witnefsM for me what hi& tongue denies : 605 

What heaps of Trojans by this hand were flain, 

And how the bloody Tiber foeUM the main. 

All faw, but he, th 1 Arcadian troops retire, 

In fcatterM fquadrcntj and their prince expire. 

The giant brothers, ia their ca"ip, have found, $ jo 

1 was not forced wi th eafe to q t my ground. 

Not fuch theTroj 

tiy'd me 

when, inclosd, 

I fmgly their u* 

r^s d 


Firft toj ' an 


their thick array ; 61^ 

Then, d 


ter, freed my way. 


», at 

tt> thee. 

Mean time pivtccu 10 till the peopled ears 

With falfc reports, their minds with panick fears : 

Extol the ftrength of a twice-conquer'd race, 620 

Our foes encourage, and our friends debafe. 

Believe thy fables, and the Trojan town 

Triumphant (lands, the Grecians are o'erthrown: 

Suppliant at Hector's feet Achilles lies ; 

And Diomede from fierce ^neas flies. 645 

Say rapid Aufidus with awful dread, 

Runs backward from the fea, and hides his head, 

When the great Trojan on his bank appears 1 

For that 's as true as thy diffembled fears 

Of my revenge ; dilmvfs that vanity, 63a 

Thou j D ranees 1 axttatara %taa£BAwc&\Nu 

M NX I S. Book XI. is 

Let that vile fool in that vile body reft i 

The lodging is well worthy of the gueft* 
Now, royal father, to the prefent (late 

Of our affairs, and of this high debate \ 635 

If in your arms thus early you decide, 

And think your fortune is already try'd f 

If one defeat has brought us down fo low | 

As never more in fields to meet the foe 1 

Then I conclude for peace > 'tis time to treat, 640 

And lie like vaflals at the vi&or's feet. 

But oh, if any ancient blood remains, 

One drop of all our fathers in our veins r 

That man would I prefer before the reft, 

Who dar'd his death with an undaunted breast 1 645 

Who comely fell by no dUhoneft wound; 

To flum that fight ; 'and dying gnawM the ground. 

But, if we till have frefb recruits in for*, 

If our confederate* can aford ua more $ 

If the contended field we bravely fought t 650 

And not a bloodleft victory was bought t 

Thar lofles equalM oars ; and for their (bin, 

Whh equal fires they ili'd the **wm% plain j 

Way that nsfore'd ftnon^d wt fo tamely yield 4 

Axd, ere the trump* fcrjsxk, nefign the ieldt tr$ 

G^od onexpt&ed, tv'tU msfortfatn, 

Appear Ijy Tarts, it T+rtumt fttfts ihe faxes 

SjiDt r*i*"£ aloft* tome tuajwiag dvwn mxun f 

Thtz, f-J >w itfsrd, tbty bv%rs/& wA rrk agauu 

J£ J>itonede refine his aid to kr.2, 4C? 

Tin pxat yk&*rg% yet nmoka vw ftTavli 

C 4 T 


Tokunnius, who forcteh events, is ours ; 
■ Tir Italian chief*, and princes, join their powers ; 
Nor leaft In number, nor in name the lali, 
Your own bravt lubje£ta have our cauft embraced, 665 
Above the reft, the Volieian Amazon 
Contains an army in herfejf alone : 
Ant! heads a fquadron, terrible to fight, 
Wijti glittering {hi elds, in brazen armour bright* 
Yet if the foe a fingle fight den nd, 670 

And I altine the public pmce w hitand £ 
If you coufent, he mail not be -ffusM, 
Nor find a hand to yiclory unuVd. 

rThis new Achilles let him take the field, 
With Fated armour, and Vulcan ian Jhitld ; G75 

For you, my royal father and my fame, 
1, Tumus, not the leaft of all irfy name, 
Devote my foul. He calls me hand to hand, 
And I alone will anfwer his demand. 
Drances fhall reft fecure, and neither (hare 680 

The danger, nor divide the prize of war. 

While they debate ; nor thefe nor thofe will yield} 
./Eneas draws his forces to the field j 
And moves his camp. The fcouts with flying fpeed 
Return, and through the frighted city fpread 685 

Tir unpleafing news, the Trojans are defcry'd 
In battle marching by the river's fide j 
And bending to the town. They take th' alarm, 
Some tremble, fome are bold, all in confufion arm. 
Th" impetuous youth prefs forward to the field ; 690 
They clafti the faord, and clatter on the (hield 5 


M N E I S. Book xr, * s 

The fearful matrons riafc a fcreaming cry; 
Old feeble men with fainter groans r^ply ; 
A jarring found refults, and mingles in the fley, 
Like that of fwans remui muring to the floods, 635 

Or birds of differing kinds in hollow woods. 
Turnu$ th* occafion takes, and cries aloud. 
Talk on, ye quaint harangucrs of the crown t 
Declaim in praife, when danger calls 5 
And the fierce foes in arms approach the walls. 700 
He fa id, and, turning fhort, with fpeedy pace. 
Calls back a fcorniul glance, and quits the place* 
Thou, Volufus, the Volfcian troops command 
To mount 5 and lead thyfelf our Ardean band. ^ 

Mefiapus, and Catillus, poft your force jq$ * 

Along the fields, to charge the Trojan horfe. 
Some guard the pafles, others man the wall; 
Drawn up in arms, the reft attend my call. 

They fwarm from every quarter of the town j 
And with diforder'd hafte the rampiret crown. jiq 
Good old Latinus, when he law, too late, 
The gathering dorm, juft breaking on the ftate, 
Djiinif&'d the council, till a titter time, 
And own'd bis cafy temper as his crime : 
Who, fore'd againft his reafon, had corop'y'd 715 

To break the treaty for the promis'd bride* 

Some help to fink new trenches, others aid 
To ram the ftones, orraife the palifade, 
Hoarfe trumpets found th 1 alann j around the walls 
Runs a diftra&cd crew, whom their laft labour calls, 



A fad proceflion in the ftreets is feen, 711 

Of matrons that attend the mother-queen t 

High in her chair (he fits, and at her fide, 

With down-caft eyes, appears the fatal bridt. 714. 

They mount the cliff, where Pallas* temple flands ; 

Prayers in their mouths, and prefents in their hands y 

With cenfers, firft they fume the facred fhrine j 

Then in this common Amplication join 1 

O pr.tronefs of arms, unfpotted maid, 

Piopitious hear, and lend thy Latins aid't 779 

Bu'ak fhort the pirate's lance; pronounee his fate. 

And lay the Phrygian low before the gate* 

Now Turnus arms for fight t his back and breaft, 
Well-temper' d fteel and fcaly brafs invtft : 
Tr.ecuilhes, which his brawny thighs infold, 735 

Are mirgled metal damafk'd o'er with gold* 
l!i> f.;::hful fauchion fits upon his fide; 
Nv r clique, nor creft, his manly features hide : 
Jvj: bare to view amid rurroundin^ friends, 
With godlike grace, he from the tower defcends. 740 
Fv/ting in his Itrcngth, he feems to dare 
\\s .ibier.t ri\:il, and to promife war. 

V.*cJ :\v:r. his keepers, thus, with broken reins, 
T'.u* w.r.«:«n counor prances o'er the plains : 
l\ ■> i.\c pr-vc c: youth o'erlcaps the mounds t 
A"» : . -*.v.^> the tV males in forbidden grounds. 
t\ uvks *•■* \vjte:-»rtjj; in the well-known flood, 
;V qv-rvoh S\< :h:rt:, and cool his fiery blood: 
}U .«■.■"< L»:x\?r : .i:'.t in the liquid plain, 
A *o * V. h . > J ; c u ". ;. er flows h i s wavi ng mane ; 753 


MtttTS. Book XL 17 

He neighs, he Charts* he bear* his head 'on high} 
Before his ample cheft the frothy waters fly. 

Soon as the prince appears without the gate,. 
The Volfcians, and their, virgin-leader, wait 
His laft commands; Tljen, with a grateful mien, 755: 
Lights from her lofty fteed the warribf queen 1 
Her fquadron imitates* and each defcends $ 
Whofe common futt Camilla thus- commends 1 
If fenfe of honour, if a foul fecure 
Of inborn worth, that can air- tefts- endure, , 70V 

Can promife aught;, or on itfelf rely, 
Greatly to dare,, to conquer, or to die : 
Then, I alone, fuftain'd'by thefe, will meet 

' The Tyrrhene troops* and promifc their defeat; 

; Ours be the danger, ours the fole renown $ 76V- 

- You* general, ftay* behind, and guard the town. 
: . Turaus a while flood mirte, with glad fcrprise* 

- And on the fierce virago fix'd his eyes : . 
Then thus retum'd 1 O grace of Italy, . 

With what becoming thanks can I reply! 7700 

Not only words lie labouring in my breaft $ 

But thought itfelf is by thy praife oppreft j 

Yet rob me net of all, but let me join 

My toils, my hazard, and my fame, with thine* 

The Trojan (not in ftratagem unfkill'd) 775 

Sends his light horfe before, to fcour the field : 

Himi'elf, through deep afcents and thorny brakes* 

A larger compafs to the city takes. 

This news my fcouts confirm : and I prepare 

To foil his cunning) and his force to dare* iV> 


lS D R Y D E N*S 

With chofen foot hii paflage to forelay : 

And place an ambuih in the winding way. 

Thou, whh thy Volfrians, face the Tbufcau horfe? 

The brave MdTanu* mall thy troops inforcei 

With thofe of Tibur j and the Latian band i 78$ 

Subje&ed ail to thy fupreme command. 

This faidj be warns MeJTapus to the war : 
Then every chief exhorts, with equal cave. 
All thus encourag n d, bis own troops he joins, 
JiJid haftes to profecute hit deep defigns. 79a 

Inclos'd with hills, the winding valley lies, 
By nature formed for fraud, and fitted for furprizej 
A narrow track, by human tfeps un trade j 
Leads, through perplexing thorns, to this obfcure abode- 
High o">r the vale a fteepy mountain Hands : 755 
"Whence the purveying fight the nether ground commands* 
The top Is level : an ofTenfive feat 
Of war 5 and from the war a fafe retreat. 
For, on the right and left, is room to prefs 
The foes at hand, or from afar diftrefs : 800 
To drive them headlong downward j and to pour, 
On their defcending backs, a ftony mower. 
Thither young Turnus took the well-known way; 
Poflfefs'd the pafs, and in blind ambufli lay. 

Mean time, Latonian Phoebe, from the ikies, $35 
Beheld th* approaching war with hateful eyes, 
And calPd the light- foot Opis to her aid, 
Her moft belov'd, and ever-trufty maid. 
Then with a figh began : Camilla goes 
To meet her <kuth> w&v&& tev fatal foes, 810 

Book XT* 2f 

The nymph I lovM of all my mortal train i 
Invefted with Diana's arms, in vain. 
Nor- it my kindnefs for the virgin, new, 
*Twas bom with her, and with her years it grew t 
Her father Metabus, when fore'd away 815 

sFrom old Pri veinum, for tyrannic fway ; 
Snatch'd up, and fav*d from his prevailing foes, 
This tender babe, companion of his woes. 
Cafmilla was her mother ; but he drown 'd 
One hilling letter in a fofter found, 820 

And caird Camilla. Through the woods he flies j 
Wrapt in his robe the royal infant lies. 
; .His fees in fight, he mends his weary pace j 
\ With (houts and clamours they purfue the chace. 
j The banks of Amafcene at length he gains $ 825 
} The raging flood his farther plight reftrains : 
( Rais'd o'er the borders with unufual rains. 
j Prepared to plunge into the ftream, he fears : 
Not for himfelf, but for the charge he bears. 
Anxious he (lops a while $ and thinks in hade j 830 
Then, defperate in diltrefs, refolves at laft. 
A knotty lance of well-boil'd oak he bore ; 
The middle part with cork he coverM o'er : 
He closM the child within the hollow fpace : 
With twigs of bending ofier bound the cafe. 835 

Then pois'd the fpear, heavy with human weight ; 
And thus invok'd my favour for the freight : 
Accept, great goddefs of the woods, he faid, 
Sent by her fire, this dedicated maid s 


Through air (he flies a fuppliant to thy (hrine j 840 

And the firft weapons that (he knows, are thine. 

He faid ; and with full force the fpear he threw 5 

Above the founding waves Camilla flew. 

Then, prefs'd by foes, he ftemm'd the ftormy tide j 

And gain'd, by ftrefs of arms, the farther .fide. 84$ 

His faiien'd fpear he pull'd from -out the ground; 

And, victor of his vows, his infant nymph unbound. 

.Nor after that, in towns which walls inclofe, 

Would truft his hunted life amid ft his foes. 

35ut rough, in open air he chofe to lie : 850 

Earth was his couch, his covering was the iky. 

On hills unfhorn, or in a defart den, 

He (hunn'd the dire fociety of men. 

A (hepherd's lblitary life he led : 

His daughter with the milk of mares he fed} 855 

The dugs of bears, and every favagc beaft, 

JIc drew, and through her lips the liquor prefs'd. 

The little Amazon could fcarcely go, 

He loads her with a quiver and a bow : 

And, that (he might her daggering fteps command, 

He with a (lender javelin fills her hand : 86 1 

Her flowing hair no golden fillet bound j 

Nor l'wept her trailing robe the dully ground. 

Inftcad of thefc, a tiger's hide o'erfprcad 

Her back and (houlders, fatten 'd to her head. 865 

The flying dart (he firft attempts to fling ; 

And round her tender temples tofo'd the fling : 

Then, as her iirength with years increas'd, began 

To pierce aloft in air the (baring lwan : 

And from the clouds to fetch the heron and the crane. 



M N E I S. Book XL 31 

The Tufcan matrons with each other vy*d, 871 

To blefs their rival Tons with fuch a "bride: 

But Hie difdains their love 5 to (hare with me 

The fylvan (hades, and vow*d virginity. 

And oh ! I wi(h, contented with my cares 875 

Of favage fpoils, (he had not fought the wars : 

Then had (he been of my celeftial train j 

And fhunnM the fate that dooms her to be (lain. 

But fince, oppofing heaven's decree, (he goes 

To find her death among forbidden foes j 88* 

Hade with thefe arms, and take thy fteepy flight, 

Where, with the gods adverfe, the Latins fight : 

This bow to thee, this quiver, I bequeath. 

This chofen arrow to revenge her death : 

By whatever hand Camilla (hall be (lain, 885 ' 

Or of the Trojan, or Italian train, 

Let him not pais unpuniftVd from the plain. 

Then, in a hollow cloud, myielf will aid, 

To bear the breathlefs body of my maid : 

Unfpoil'd (hall be her arms, and unprophan'd 890 ' 

Hex holy limbs with any human hand : 

And in a marble tomb laid in her native land. 

She faid : the faithful Nymph defcends from high " 
With rapid flight, and cuts the founding fky ; 
Black clouds and Aormy winds around her body fly. 

By this, the Trojan and the Tufcan horfc, 
D » awn up in fquadron? , with united force, 
Approach the walls j the fprightly courfers bound % 
Prefs forward op their bins, and (hift their ground s 
Shields, arms, and fpears, flam horribly from far; 
Viid the fields glitter with a waving war, 901 




Through air &e flics a fuppliant to thy fhrine j £40 

And the hrk weapons that {he knows, are thine* 

He fatd ; and with full force the fpear he threw j 

Above the founding waves, Camilla flew* 

Then, prdVd by foes, he ftcmnVd the ftormy tide j 

And gainM, by ttrefa of arms* the farther jide. S45 

Hi* faften'd fpear he puird from out the ground $ 

And, victor of his vows* his infant nymph unbound* 

.Nor after that, in towns which walls indole, 

Would trull his hunted life amid it his foe*. 

JBut rough, in open air he chofe to lie : $50 

Earth was his couch, fits covering wa* the Iky, 

On LIU un thorn, or in a ridaxt den, 

He ffitmiTU the dire foci cry of mem* 

A mephexd'a folitary life he led 1 

His daughter with the milk of mum he fed j I5J 

The dugs of hears, and even' frvagc beaft, 

He drew, and through her lips the luruor prefs*d. 

The little Amazon could fcarcely go, 

He loads her with a quiver and a bow : 

And, that (he might her daggering fteps command, 

He with a (lender javelin fills her hand : 861 

Her flowing hair no golden fillet bound j 

Nor lwept her trailing robe the dufty ground. 

Inftead of thefe, a tiger's hide o'erfprcad 

Her back and moulders, fatten 'd to her head. 86 j 

The flying dart (he firft attempts to fling j 

And round her tender temples tofifd the (ling : 

Then, as her ftrength with years increased, began 1 

To pierce aloft, m a\r \\\t fomvcv^Cwau. •. v 

And from thcc\o>x^^toOi\^^a^w^'^^!Kt.\ * 

J* 1*1 IS. Bofc* XL 


an matrons with each other vyM, I71 ' 

heir rival Tons with fuch a bride 1 
fdaine their love; to {hare with me 
(i (hades, and vew'd virginity . 
I with, contented with my caret S75 

fpoili, (he had not fought the wars t 
(he been of my ceieftial train j 
if d the fate that dooms her to he flain. 
oppofing heaven's decree, (he goes 
T death among forbidden foes { ttm 

. thefe arms, and take thy fteepy flight, 
ith the gods adverJe, the Latins fight t 
to thee, this quiver, I bequeath, 
m arrow to revenge her death t 
sr hand Camilla fhall be flain, 885 ' 

Trojan, or Italian train, 
at pafs nnpuniuYd from the plain. 
1 hollow cloud, myfclf will aid, 
ic breathlefs body of my maid s 
(hall be her arms, and unprophan'd 890 ' 
imbs with any human hand t 
narble tomb laid in he